Wikipedia:WikiProject Anthroponymy/Standards

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WikiProject Anthroponymy

WikiProject Anthroponymy Standards


If another article exists with the same title and the name article is not the primary article, the title should be qualified with:

  • "(surname)", if the article only covers a surname.
  • "(given name)", if the article only covers a given name.
  • "(name)", if the article covers both, or is ambiguous.


Hatnotes provide links to other similarly named articles. They help users to navigate between articles such as the disambiguation page Spencer, the surname article Spencer (surname), and the given name article Spencer (given name).


Entries included in an anthroponymy article should be limited to notable persons who have a surname that matches the surname article's title, or persons who have a given name that matches the given name article's title. An anthroponymy article may include both surnames and given names, but those entries should be listed in separate sections within the article. Partial matches should not be added to the list of entries, but may be included in the See also section.

Alternate spellings of the same name may be included if they have the same origin as the primary spelling. Preferred format:

Fittkau, or Fitkau, is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Misspellings should be listed only if there is a genuine risk of confusion, but should be placed in See also.

Red links[edit]

Sometimes it is useful in editing article text to create a red link to indicate that a page will be created soon or that an article should be created for the topic because it would be notable and verifiable. However, rather than using red links in lists, disambiguation pages or templates as an article creation guide, editors are encouraged to write the article first, and instead use the wikiproject or user spaces to keep track of unwritten articles.


Entries have certain limitations to promote consistency and usability. Not unlike Disambiguation pages, Names articles may contain lists of persons and each entry should follow a particular format.

Entries should not include External links. References are not required since the article that the entry is linked to should include citations.

Entry format follows this basic pattern: Bullet Wikilink (birth year–death year), descriptor

Entry wikilink[edit]

Piped links[edit]

Piped links should not be used for entries. The wikilink should be the actual article title.



Birth and death[edit]

Birth and death information should be included directly following the name, if available, in parentheses to help differentiate one entry from another.

  • Subject living, e.g.:
  • Year of birth is unknown and earliest known period of activity, e.g.:
  • Year of birth is known only approximately, e.g.:
  • Years of both birth and death are known only approximately, e.g.:
  • Year of death is unknown extrapolated from last known period of activity, e.g.:
  • Reign of a sovereign is uncertain, e.g.:
  • Known to have been flourishing, e.g.:
  • Known to have been alive as early as about 660 but died in 685, e.g.:


Descriptors provide an overview of the subject of the entry.

  • Text should be kept to a minimum because the actual article should provide the best description of the subject
  • Format follows this basic pattern: Citizenship occupation
    • e.g.: American professional tennis player
  • Descriptor should not include a wikilink

Articles [edit]

A name article usually contains either a list of entries that link to other articles or a wikilink to a list article. If at least two articles matching the surname or given name of the subject of a name article do not exist, then the surname or given name list article would not be notable and should not be created. A properly sourced article about a name may still be notable without a list.

Spencer (surname) has been assessed as a good article. Spencer is the subject of a number of articles. Each is presented here as an example of article use in the Wikiproject Anthroponymy.

Spencer – Primary Topic [edit]

There is no primary topic for Spencer, so the disambiguation page Spencer is at the base name.

Please note this is an example of how links to Names articles look inside of a disambiguation page

Spencer may refer to:



Spencer (surname) [edit]

Spencer (surname) is an article about the Family name Spencer. This article is not a disambiguation page.

Pronunciation spènser, /ˈspɛnsər/
Region of origin England
Word/Name Medieval Latin dispensa and dispensator
Meaning derived from the Old French despensier, a steward
Other names
Variant(s) Spenser, Spender, Espencer, Spence, Spens

The origin of the surname Spencer (also Spence, Spender, Spens, and Spenser) can be traced directly to Robert d'Abbetot, who is listed as Robert le Dispenser, a tenant-in-chief of several counties, in the Domesday Book of 1086. Robert was possibly one of the Norman knights who fought alongside (or accompanied) William the Conqueror in the defeat of King Harold II of England at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. There is little doubt that both Robert and his brother Urse came to England at about the time as the Battle of Hastings. They were both beneficiaries of William over the years, and were given titles and substantial land and property—suggesting repayment for some earlier deeds. It is likely that Robert's first acknowledgment was his official appointment as Royal "Dispencier" sometimes expressed more grandly as "Royal Steward", "King's Steward" or "Lord Steward". As dispenser of provisions to the King and his household Robert was known and recorded as Robert le Despencer or, in its Latinised form, Robertus Dispensator. There is also the possibility that Robert held this official position before arriving in England.

Robert's adopted surname was usually written as Despenser or Dispenser—notably in works such as the Domesday Book of 1086 and the Scottish Ragman Rolls of 1291 and 1296. From 1066 until the 13th century the occupational name attributed to Robert d'Abetot existed with numerous spelling and other variations. Eventually both the "le" and "de" that frequently preceded the name were omitted. In 1392 the popular "s" in the centre of the name was discarded and replaced with the "c" seen in the present-day form—Spencer.

The surname Spencer has gained in popularity over time. In the 19th century it also become popular as a given name—especially in the United States of America.


Notable Spencers

The following is a small selection of notable Spencers.


This template should be used only in the article (main) namespace.

List of people with surname Spencer [edit]

The Spencer (surname) has a good deal of content, so adding the full list of people with the surname would be excessive. There are enough persons with that surname to support its own list. List of people with surname Spencer is not a disambiguation page; it is a List.

This is a list of people with surname Spencer.


Albert Spencer




Spencer (given name) [edit]

The Spencer (given name) article does not have much prose other than a list of persons with the given name. This article is not a disambiguation page; it is an article with a list that follows the Manual of Style for Wikipedia Lists.

Gender Male
Language(s) English

Spencer is a given name of English origin.

List of persons with the given name


Surname stub [edit]

Names article stubs follow the Wikipedia guidelines for stubs: "A stub is an article containing only a few sentences of text which—though providing some useful information—is too short to provide encyclopedic coverage of a subject"

Schnaufer is a surname. Notable persons with that surname include:

See also[edit]