Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates/AlexanderBraun

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Pentagon Tile by Alexander Braun [edit]

Quasi crystal inspired pentagon tile (60"x60") fluorescent acrylic on canvas

Press Release[edit]

New pentagon pattern discovered by a Toronto artist.

It is impossible to tile a pentagon with the same size pentagons in 2D plane without leaving unaccounted for space. By many many attempts were made to come up with a way to tile this basic geometric shape and some were successful, others managed to design nice images containing no tile pattern algorithm.

On December 28, 2004, I was visiting my long-time friend Yehudah Lionel Cullman who showed me an [x-ray photo of a quasi-crystal] forming five-sided symmetry in a science book and said, that as far as he is aware there is still no known way to tile a pentagon. Inspired by an x-ray picture and challenged by a mystery of the pentagon tile I started to chart my attempt at the impossible. I have realized that the only way to tile a pentagon with only one size pentagons would be in 3D forming the fifth Platonic volume - dodecahedron (i.e. "two plus ten faces" in Greek), where the twelve pentagons enclose 3D space. Still, curious, I decided to try to design a pentagon pattern.

I have noticed that at the centre of quasi-crystal photo were ten dots forming pentagons aligned in a perfect circle arranged as a ten-pointed star. The fact that here I see ten pentagons in a circle gave me an idea that if I only tile 1/10th slice of it, which is 360/10=36 degrees, then it would be enough to create a tile pattern.

So, I drew one 36 degrees slice of infinity and placed one pentagon at the bottom corner of it where it perfectly matches the 108 degrees of the inner pentagon angles. The rest came in place naturally, as I just continued the pentagon lines to determine what other basic building shapes of the tile are there at the very bottom of the pentagon slice. Then I have discovered that only two isosceles triangles in golden mean to each other, with angles of 36'-72'-72' and 108'-36'-36' degrees, form the pentagon tile pattern. Therefore these two triangles can form a pentagon, or a star, or a perpetual fractal pentagonal pattern.

The main dilemma for many who have tried to organize pentagons in a pattern is what to do with the unaccounted for space. In my attempt at it I have soon realized that the unaccounted space between pentagons when tiled within the 36 degrees slices form perfect stars, pentagrams, which makes total sense since it is the shape contained within the pentagon boundaries. The next challenge was to figure out the actual tiling algorithm of the pentagon tile's perpetual expansion of its infinite outer rings. I realized that whatever happens at the bottom is what happens at the top of it, only on a different scale. Soon I noticed that the ring of pentagons is followed by a ring of stars and then by pentagons again in a perpetual rotation based on the power of six, i.e. 6x6x6...:

* 1, 
* 6, 
* 36,
* 216
* 1296, 
* 7776,  — Preceding unsigned comment added by Atumtem (talkcontribs) 02:34, 24 January 2011 (UTC) 
* 46656, 
* 1679616, 
* 60466176, 
* 2176782336, 
* 78364164096, 
* 2821109907456, 
* 101559956668416,


Alexander Braun

Related Links[edit]

x-ray photo of Quasi-crystal first discovered by Professor Dan Shechtman of the Faculty of Materials Science at the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, an Associate of the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory, Professor of Materials Science at Iowa State University, and 2011 Nobel Prize laureate in Chemistry.
Professor Dan Shechtman.
Pentagon tile II (first mandala) - Commons file.
Pentagon tile XXVII (isosceles fractals) - Commons file.
Pentagon tile by Alexander Braun (MOCCA exhibit 2006)
  • Nominate and support. - 12:02, 30 October 2005 (UTC)

—Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 00:07, 10 March 2010 (UTC)