Help:IPA for Tamil

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Tamil pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. See Tamil phonology for a more thorough discussion of the sounds of Tamil.

Consonants
IPA Tamil English approximation
b [1] band
[1] similar to "d" in dent, but with the tongue touching the back of the front teeth
ɖ [1] similar to "d" in dot, but with the tongue retracted
[2] hedge
ð [3] other
ɡ [1] gate
h [4] heat
j yak
k skate
similar to "l" in let, but with the tongue touching the back of the front teeth
ɭ similar to "l" in let, but with the tongue retracted
m much
similar to "n" in net, but with the tongue touching the back of the front teeth
n not
ɳ similar to "n" in not, but with the tongue retracted
ɲ piñata, canyon
ŋ song
p [5] spy
r (when not doubled) trilled r
ɾ̪ like American English better or Spanish caro, but with the tongue touching the back of the front teeth
ɽ like American English better or Spanish caro, but with the tongue retracted
ɻ like "r" in rotten, but with the tongue retracted
s [6] like "s" in sum
[7] like "t" in stable, but with the tongue touching the back of the front teeth
ʈ like "t" in stable, but with the tongue retracted
catch
ʋ between w and v; Dutch wang
x guttural "ch", as in Scottish loch or German Bach
Vowels
IPA Tamil English approximation
bra
Yale
e yell
ə nut
əj kite
əʋ somewhat like house
feet
i dill
old
o law
loot
u look
ɯ good
 ̃ -ம, -ன nasal vowel
([ãː], [õː], etc.)


Suprasegmentals
IPA
ˈ stress
(placed before stressed syllable)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Only when preceded by a nasal consonant or when not preceded by a stop consonant. Never word-initial.
  2. ^ This letter does not belong to Tamil script, but is widely accepted as an ad-hoc from Grantha script ( See Usage of other lingual consonants in Tamil script). This sound may be replaced by ச (as in s) in pure Tamil, which is not an accurate phonetic representation.
  3. ^ Only when preceded by a nasal consonant or not preceded by a stop consonant
  4. ^ (only as an intervocalic in colloquial speech;not when it appears as the first letter of a word,
  5. ^ As a first letter of a word or preceded by stop consonants
  6. ^ As intervocalic and not preceded by stop consonant or permitted soft consonant
  7. ^ As a first letter of a word or when preceded by stop consonants

External links[edit]