Help:IPA/Thai and Lao
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- Not present in Central and Southern Thai.
- Not present in Phu Thai.
- Not present in Isan, Phu Thai and Lao.
- In contrast to Pinyin romanization for Mandarin, Thai romanization uses diacritics in the same way as the IPA.
- Diacritics are shown on a dotted circle "◌".
- In Thai and Lao, the signs ◌ะ and ◌ະ are respectively used to indicate a glottal stop after the vowel.
- More diphthongs occur in the pattern /Vw/ or /Vj/: /aj, aːj, aw, aːw, iw, uj, uːj, ew, eːw, ɛːw, ɤːj, oːj, ɔːj, iow, uɛj, ɯɛj/.
- Each first element represents a Thai diphthong, with /a/ as the ending vowel (according to Tingsabadh, Kalaya; Abramson, Arthur S. (1993). "Thai". Journal of the International Phonetic Association. 23 (1): 24–28. doi:10.1017/S0025100300004746.).