Wikipedia:Jewish Encyclopedia topics/B

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1 to 100[edit]

1 – 20[edit]

  1. Ba'al (JE | WP GWP G

) Hebrew word for possessor or owner of an object. In connection with many nouns, it expresses some relation between the person...

  1. Ba'al and Ba'al-worship (JE | WP GWP G

) the wide-spread and primitive Semitic root ("ba'al") may be most nearly rendered in English by "possess." the term "Ba&#39...

  1. Ba'al ha-Bayit (JE | WP GWP G

) in more modern usage, the constituent members of a congregation as contrasted with the "toshabim" (transient members or strangers)...

  1. Baal-berith JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A form of Ba'al-worship prevailing in Israel (Judges viii. 33), and particularly in Shechem (Judges ix. 4). The term "Ba&#39...

  1. Baal-gad (JE | WP GWP G

) A place situated at the northern limit of Palestine, in the valley of Lebanon, near Mount Hermon (Josh. xi. 17, xii. 7, xiii...

  1. Baal-hamon (JE | WP GWP G

) A place mentioned in Cant. viii. 11, in which passage Solomon is said to have had a vineyard there: its identity is unknown...

  1. Baal-hanan JE (JE | WP GWP G

) An Edomite king (Gen. xxxvi. 38). He is called the son of Achbor; but the name of his native city is not given. For this andother...

  1. Baal-hazor (JE | WP GWP G

) A place situated near Ephraim, where Absalom possessed an estate (II Sam. xiii. 23). It was there that during a sheep-shearing...

  1. Baal-hermon (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B5: Baal-gad

  1. Baal Koré << Torah reading (JE | WP GWP G

) Term applied to the person who reads the weekly portion from the Pentateuch—usually the Chazan, though not necessarily...

  1. Baal-meon (JE | WP GWP G

) A city in the eastern part of the Jordan district, which is designated in Numbers (xxxii. 3, 38), Joshua (xiii. 17), and Chronicles...

  1. Baal-peor (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of a Canaanitish god. Peor was a mountain in Moab (Num. xxiii. 28), whence the special locality Beth-peor (Deut. iii...

  1. Baal-perazim (JE | WP GWP G

) A place mentioned in the report of the battle between David and the Philistines in II Sam. v. 20 (compare I Chron. xiv. 11)...

  1. Baal-shalisha JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A place mentioned in II Kings iv. 42, and in the Talmud (Sanh. 12a). Eusebius identifies it with Baithsarisa, 15 Roman miles...

  1. Ba'al Shem (JE | WP GWP G

) Designation of certain people who were supposed to work miracles through the name of God. This belief in the miraculous power...

  1. Elijah Baal Shem (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L484: Loans, Elijah.

  1. Joel Baal Shem (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H529: Heilprin, Joel b. Isaac

  1. Israel b. Eliezer Ba'al Shem-Tob JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Founder of the sect of Ḥasidim; born about 1700; died at Miedzyboz (Medzhibozh), May 22, 1760. The little biographical...

  1. Baal-tamar JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A place near Gibeah, mentioned in the account of the battle between the Benjamites and the other Israelites (Judges xx. 33)...

  1. Ba'al Tokea' (JE | WP GWP G

) Term applied to the person who blows the Shofar.A. F. L. C. This article...

21 – 40[edit]

  1. Baal-zebub (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of a god of the Philistine city of Ekron, mentioned only in connection with the illness of Ahaziah, king of Israel, in...

  1. Baal-zebub in Rabbinical Literature (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B4: Baal-berith in Rabbinical Literature

  1. Baal-zephon (JE | WP GWP G

) An Egyptian locality in the neighborhood of the Red Sea. In spite of all attempted combinations (Dillmann-Ryssell on Ex. xiv...

  1. Baalah (JE | WP GWP G

) A border town of Judah (Josh. xv. 9, 10; I Chron. xiii. 6) called elsewhere Kirjathjearim.2. A mount on the border of Judah...

  1. Baalath (JE | WP GWP G

) A Danite city (Josh. xix. 44).2. A city built by Solomon mentioned in connection with Tadmor (I Kings ix. 18; II Chron. viii...

  1. Baalath Beer (JE | WP GWP G

) A city in the possession of Simeon (Josh. xix. 8); but in the corresponding list of I Chron. iv. 33 called "Baal."J. Jr. G...

  1. Baalbek (JE | WP GWP G

) A city situated at the base of the western slope of the Anti-Lebanon, in a fertile region. It is the Heliopolis of the Greek...

  1. Judah Baale (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See K238: Kirjath-Jearim

  1. Baalim (JE | WP GWP G

) Plural of "Baal"; occurs in the Bible fifteen times, always used with the article; not found in the Pentateuch nor in the...

  1. Baalis (JE | WP GWP G

) King of the Ammonites, who was the leading spirit in the murder of Gedaliah (Jer. xl. 14). While the first element in the...

  1. Baaltis (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A2048: Astarte

  1. Baana (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of Ahilud, one of the twelve commissariat officers of Solomon. He had charge of the districts Taanach and Megiddo (I Kings...

  1. Baanah (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of Rimmon the Beerothite, of Benjamin, who, with his brother Rechab, was an officer under Ishbosheth. He killed Ishbosheth...

  1. Herman Baar JE (JE | WP GWP G

) American educator; born in 1826 at Stadthagen, near Hanover, Germany. He received a preliminary education at the gymnasium...

  1. Ba'aras (JE | WP GWP G

) A place in the ravine Zerka Ma'in above the city of Macherus on the northeastern shore of the Dead Sea, where are...

  1. Baasha (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of Ahijah and king of Israel. Owing to the weakness of Nadab, the successor of Jeroboam I., first king of Israel, Baasha...

  1. Bab al-Abwab (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See D258: Derbent

  1. Baba (The Great) (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of Nathaniel and grandson of Akbun, the high priests; a prominent leader and high priest of the Samaritans in the...

  1. Baba (JE | WP GWP G

) Originally, "gate," a Talmudic technical term for section, part, or clause. A single Mishnah may be divided into two or three...

  1. Baba Batra (JE | WP GWP G

) the third of the three Talmudic tractates of the order Nezikin, dealing with man's responsibilities and rights as...

41 – 60[edit]

  1. Baba Buch (JE | WP GWP G

) Judæo-German translation or adadaptation by Elijah Levita of an Italian version of the Anglo-Roman romance, "Sir Bevis...

  1. Baba ben Buta JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Teacher of the Law at the time of Herod, and perhaps a member of the prominent family known as "The Sons of Baba" ("Bene Baba")...

  1. Baba Kamma JE (JE | WP GWP G

) the first of a series of three Talmudic treatises of the order Nezikin dealing with damages. Baba Ḳamma is on...

  1. Baba Mezi'a JE (JE | WP GWP G

) the second of the three Talmudic tractates of the order Nezikin. It treats of man's responsibility with regard to...

  1. Tower of Babel (JE | WP GWP G

) the story of the building of the city and the Tower of Babel as found in Gen. xi. 1-9 is briefly as follows: the whole human...

  1. Babenhausen (JE | WP GWP G

) A city of Hesse, district of Starkenburg, Germany. Jews are reported to have resided here as early as 1320. At the request...

  1. Babinovichi (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the district of Orsha, government of Mohilev, Russia. In 1900, in a total population of 1,143 the Jews numbered about...

  1. Solomon b. Judah ha-Babli (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S920: Solomon b. Judah ha-Babli

  1. Simha Babovich (JE | WP GWP G

) Head man of the Karaites of the Crimea in the first quarter of the nineteenth century, and president of the Karaite Council...

  1. Babski Refues (JE | WP GWP G

) the name applied in Yiddish to domestic and superstitious medicine. Common folk among the Jews in Russia and Poland believe...

  1. Babylon (JE | WP GWP G

) the chief city of Babylonia, long the capital of the kingdom and empire that controlled the whole or a large part of the valley...

  1. Babylonia >> History of the Jews in Iraq JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A country in western Asia of varying limits at different periods. The natural boundaries were the Persian gulf on the south...

  1. Babylonian Exile (JE | WP GWP G

) See Captivity, Babylonian.

  1. Babylonian Punctuation (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P606: Punctuation

  1. Babylonish Garment (JE | WP GWP G

) An article of dress mentioned in connection with the theft of Achan (Josh. vii. 21) during the spoil of the captured city...

  1. The Valley of Baca (JE | WP GWP G

) A valley mentioned in Ps. lxxxiv. 7 [6 A. V.]. Since it is there said that pilgrims transform the valley into a land of wells...

  1. Bacau (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of a district of the same name, situated in the southwest of Moldavia, a division of Rumania, with a population of...

  1. Bacchides JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Syrian general; friend of the Syrian king Demetrius; and "ruler in the country beyond the river"—Euphrates. Demetrius...

  1. Emilie Bach JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Artist and journalist; born at Neuschloss, Bohemia, July 2, 1840; died at Vienna April 29, 1890. She was directress of the...

  1. Joseph Bach JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian rabbi; born in 1784; died at Budapest Feb. 3, 1866. After I. N. Mannheimer, he was the first German preacher of...

61 – 80[edit]

  1. Karl Daniel Friedrich Bach JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German painter; born at Potsdam May, 1756; died at Breslau April 8, 1829 (according to some sources in 1826). As his father...

  1. Bacharach + (JE | WP GWP G

) City in the Prussian government district of Coblenz. On April 19, 1283, twenty-six Jews were murdered there, among them the...

  1. Bacharach (JE | WP GWP G

) A name frequent among German Jews. From the twelfth, or at any rate from the fifteenth century, the name Bacharach, in various...

  1. Abraham Aaron b. Menahem Man (= Aaron Maneles) Bacharach JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Writer on religious subjects, and cantor of Posen, hence known also as Aaron Ḥazzan; flourished during the seventeenth...

  1. Abraham Samuel Bacharach JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi; born about 1575; died in Gernsheim, grandduchy of Hesse, May 26, 1615. He seems to have come from the city of Worms...

  1. Eva Bacharach JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Hebraist and rabbinical scholar; born at Prague about 1580; died in Sofia, 1651. She was the daughter of Isaac ben Simson...

  1. Jair Hayyim Bacharach (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; born at Leipnik, Moravia, 1639; died in Worms Jan. 1, 1702. At the age of twelve he came with his father, Samson...

  1. Michael Bacharach JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Dayyan in Prague in the second half of the eighteenth century.Bibliography: Eisenstadt, Da'at Ḳedoshim, p. 224;...

  1. Moses Samson Bacharach JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of Samuel and Eva Bacharach; born in 1607; died at Worms April 19, 1670. After the death of his father his mother took...

  1. Eduard Bacher JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian jurisconsult and journalist; born at Pastelberg March 17, 1846. Graduating from the University of Vienna, he engaged...

  1. Julius Bacher JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German playwright and novelist; born in Ragnit, eastern Prussia, Aug. 8, 1810. He studied medicine in Königsberg, and...

  1. Simon Bacher JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Neo-Hebraic poet; born Feb. 1, 1823, in Liptó-Szent-Miklós, Hungary died at Budapest Nov. 9, 1891. Bacher, whose...

  1. Wilhelm Bacher JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian scholar and Orientalist; son of the Hebrew writer Simon; born in Liptó-Szent-Miklós, Hungary, Jan. 12...

  1. Raphael Bachi (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian miniature-painter; lived at Paris in the middle of the eighteenth century. His name appears in the list of the Jews...

  1. Jacob ben Moses Bachrach JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A noted apologist of rabbinical Judaism; born at Seiny, inthe government of Suwalki, Russia, May 9, 1824; died in Bielostok...

  1. Judah b. Joshua Heskiel Bachrach (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi and Talmudist; born in Lithuania about 1775; died at Seiny, government of Suwalki, April 25, 1846. He was a lineal descendant...

  1. Sigismund Bachrich (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian violinist and operatic composer; born at Zsambokrét, Hungary, Jan. 23, 1841. He began the study of the violin...

  1. Jacob Backofen (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See R203: Reischer

  1. Roger Bacon (JE | WP GWP G

) English philosopher and scholar of the thirteenth century; born at Ilchester, England, about 1214; died about 1294. He studied...

  1. Badchen JE (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B86: Badḥan

81 – 100[edit]

  1. Baden (JE | WP GWP G

) City in Lower Austria. After the expulsion of the Jews from Lower Austria in 1670, none lived in Baden until 1805, when the...

  1. Grand Duchy of Baden (JE | WP GWP G

) A state of the German empire, bounded on the north by Bavaria and Hesse; on the east by Bavaria, Württemberg, and Hohenzollern...

  1. Badge (JE | WP GWP G

) Mark placed on the dress of Jews to distinguish them from others. This was made a general order of Christendom at the fourth...

  1. Rock Badger (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C714: Coney

  1. Badger Skins (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See T19: Taḥash

  1. Badhan (JE | WP GWP G

) A merrymaker, professional jester, whose business it is to entertain the guests at a marriage-feast with drollery, riddles...

  1. Badis (Muzaffar Nasir) (JE | WP GWP G

) Oldest son of King Habus of Granada, whom he succeeded in 1038. In a struggle with the Berbers, who wished to make his younger...

  1. Samuel Baeck JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; born at Kromau, Moravia, April 1, 1834. His father, Nathan, was rabbi in Kromau; his grandfather, Abraham, rabbi...

  1. Francisco de Baena (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish poet of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, brother of Juan Alfonso de Baena, and secretary to the governor Diego...

  1. Juan Alfonso de Baena (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish troubadour in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries; born at Baena, Cordova. He was "escribano escribiente" (notarial...

  1. Baer, Beer, Behr (JE | WP GWP G

) Jewish prænomen and family name, derived from the German "Bär" (bear). The Jews of Germany, like those of other...

  1. Abraham Baer JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German cantor, musician, and composer; born in Russia Dec. 26, 1834; died at Gothenburg, Sweden, March 7, 1894. His father...

  1. Adolf Baer (Abraham) (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician and medico-forensic author; born in the province of Posen, Prussia, Dec. 26, 1834; educated at the universities...

  1. Asher Baer (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian mathematician and engraver; born at Seiny, government of Suwalk, in the first quarter of the nineteenth century; died...

  1. Dob b. Samuel Baer JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish Ḥasidic writer of the end of the eighteenth century. He is the author of "Shibchei ha-Besht" (Praises of...

  1. Herman Baer JE (JE | WP GWP G

) American author; born of Jewish parents at Herxheim, Germany, Jan. 29, 1830; died at Charleston, S. C., Jan. 2, 1901. He emigrated...

  1. Israel Baer (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A1956: Ashkenazi, Baermann

  1. Issachar b. Elhanan Baer (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi at Eibenschütz; born at Frankfort-on-the-Oder in the second half of the seventeenth century. He was the author...

  1. Issachar ben Pethahiah ben Moses Baer (JE | WP GWP G

) Cabalist; lived at Kremnitz, Hungary, at the beginning of the seventeenth century. He seems to have traveled in the East and...

  1. Issachar ben Solomon Baer (JE | WP GWP G

) Biblical and rabbinical commentator; died at Wilna in 1807. He was the brother of Elijah b. Solomon, the Wilna gaon, and like...

101 to 200[edit]

101 – 120[edit]

  1. Issachar b. Leyser Baer (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See E92: Eilenburg

  1. Joseph Baer (JE | WP GWP G

) Founder of a firm of booksellers of Frankfort-on-the Main; born in the last half of the eighteenth century; died in 1851....

  1. Baer (Dob) of Meseritz REF:JE (JE | WP GWP G

) First apostle of Ḥasidism and its most important propagator; born in Volhynia in 1710; died in Meseritz, Dec. 15, 1772...

  1. Baer b. Naphtali ha-Kohen (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A1956: Ashkenazi, Baermann

  1. Baer (Dob) ben Nathan Nata of Pinsk (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian rabbi of the first half of the eighteenth century. He was a descendant of Rabbi Nathan Nata Shapira of Cracow (who...

  1. Seligman (Sekel) Baer (JE | WP GWP G

) Writer on the Masorah, and editor of the Hebrew Bible; born at Mosbach (Baden), Sept. 18, 1825; died at Biebrich-on-the-Rhine...

  1. Baer (Dob) ben Shraga (JE | WP GWP G

) Author; lived in Berlin at the beginning of the nineteenth century. He wrote "Nachale Debash" (Streams of Honey), Berlin...

  1. Baer (Dob) ben Uri Phœbus (JE | WP GWP G

) Author, of the eighteenth century. He resided at Altona, Germany, where in 1737 he wrote "Be'er-Tob" (A Good Explanation)...

  1. Issachar I Baermann (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A1956: Ashkenazi, Baermann

  1. Baermann of Limburg JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German writer; lived at Frankfort-on-the-Main at the end of the seventeenth century and at the beginning of the eighteenth...

  1. Hermann Baerwald (JE | WP GWP G

) German educator; born at Nakel, in the province of Posen, Nov. 7, 1828. His academic education began at the gymnasium of Konitz...

  1. Baeza (JE | WP GWP G

) City in the province of Jaen, Spain, which, as early as the Moorish rule, had a considerable Jewish community that suffered...

  1. Bag (JE | WP GWP G

) A comprehensive term in the A. V. for various Hebrew words. The most adequate Hebrew expression for a large bag is "&#7717...

  1. Bagdad (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of the Turkish vilayet of the same name, which is situated in lower Mesopotamia on both sides of the Tigris. The vilayet...

  1. Bagé-La Ville (JE | WP GWP G

) Village in the canton Bagéle-Chalet, department of Ain, France. It was inhabited by Jews in the thirteenth and fourteenth...

  1. Bagi (JE | WP GWP G

) A prominent Karaite family; lived in Constantinople in the fifteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth centuries. The family name...

  1. Adolf Aron Baginsky JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician, and professor of diseases of children in the Berlin University; born May 22, 1843, at Ratibor (Prussian...

  1. Benno Baginsky (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician; born at Ratibor, Prussia, May 24, 1848; privat-docent of the diseases of the ear, nose, and larynx, at the...

  1. Bagnol (JE | WP GWP G

) See Levi b. Gershon.

  1. Bagoas (JE | WP GWP G

) 1. General of the Persian king Artaxerxes Ochus (359-338 B.C.); is called "Bagoses" by Josephus ("Ant." xi. 7, § 1)....

121 – 140[edit]

  1. Bagratuni (JE | WP GWP G

) the ancestors of the Armenian-Georgian family of Bagration, the first family entered in the list of the Russian nobility (published...

  1. Bagris (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B58: Bacchides

  1. Benito Lopez Bahamonte (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish Christian; author of a Hebrew grammar for school use, entitled, "Gramatica de la Lengua Hebraica, Escrita en Castellano...

  1. Bahia (JE | WP GWP G

) A city on the eastern coast of Brazil founded by the Portuguese in 1549. Its official name became Cidade do San Salvador da...

  1. Bahiel ben Moses of Saragossa JE >> Solomon Bahiel ben Moses JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A physician of the thirteenth century. He was court physician to King James I. of Aragon, and in that capacity was present...

  1. Bahir (JE | WP GWP G

) Pseudonymous work attributed to the tanna Nechunya ben ha-Ḳanah, a contemporary of Johanan ben Zak&#7731...

  1. Bahram Gor (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P210: Persia

  1. Bahram Tshubin (JE | WP GWP G

) Persian general; king of Persia from June 27, 590, to June 26, 591. Hormiz IV. (578-590), through his cruelty, brought the...

  1. Abu Ya'akub Joseph Bahtawi the Babylonian (JE | WP GWP G

) Karaite scholar; flourished in the ninth century. He was called "the teacher of the diaspora," and esteemed for his brilliant...

  1. Bahur (JE | WP GWP G

) "A youth," particularly a student of the Talmud among the Ashkenazic Jews; called also "yeshibah bachur" (academy youth)...

  1. Elijah Bahur (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L298: Levita, Elijah

  1. Bahurim (JE | WP GWP G

) A locality in Benjamin to which Phaltiel accompanied his wife Michal from Gallim, when she was being conducted to David at...

  1. Bahya (Behai) ben Asher ben Halawa JE (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the most distinguished of the Biblical exegetes of Spain; born about the middle of the thirteenth century at Saragossa...

  1. Bahya ben Joseph ibn Pakuda >> Chovot ha-Levavot JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Dayyan and philosopher; flourished at Saragossa, Spain, in the first half of the eleventh century. He was the author of the...

  1. Baiersdorf (JE | WP GWP G

) Small city in Bavaria, near Erlangen, once the summer abode of the margraves of Kulmbach-Bayreuth. Little is known concerning...

  1. Samson ben Manasse Baiersdorf (JE | WP GWP G

) Court Jew of the margrave Christian Ernst of Brandenburg-Bayreuth; died in 1712. He was highly esteemed at the court of the...

  1. Baigneux-les-Juifs (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of a canton, arrondissement of Chatillon-sur-Seine, Côte d'Or, France. As the name indicates, there were...

  1. Bail (JE | WP GWP G

) in English and American law, the obligation of sureties in a sum named, that the person under arrest in a civil or criminal...

  1. Jean-Sylvain Bailly JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Astronomer and publicist; born in Paris Sept. 15, 1736; guillotined Nov. 12, 1793. He was elected a member of the Acad&#233...

  1. Bailments (JE | WP GWP G

) Delivery of personal property for the purpose of a trust. A bailment arises when one person (the bailee) is lawfully put in...

141 – 160[edit]

  1. Bairamche (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B951: Bessarabia

  1. Baja (JE | WP GWP G

) City on the Danube, in the county of Bács-Bodrog, Hungary. As early as the end of the eighteenth century, Baja, owing...

  1. Bajazet II JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Turkish sultan; born 1447; succeeded in 1481; died 1512. During his reign the Jews enjoyed a period of complete and uninterrupted...

  1. Bak (JE | WP GWP G

) A family of Hebrew printers in Italy and Prague, who exercised their craft for two centuries. The name is said to be an abbreviation...

  1. Sons of Bakbuk (JE | WP GWP G

) A family of Nethinim that returned with Zerubbabel (see Ezra ii. 51 and the corresponding list of Neh. vii. 53). The identification...

  1. Bakbukiah (JE | WP GWP G

) A Levite who returned with Zerubbabel (Neh. xii. 9); "second among his brethren" (Neh. xi. 17). He was one of those that lived...

  1. Baker (JE | WP GWP G

) Among the Hebrews the task of preparing the daily supply of fresh bread fell to the housewife. It was only in the larger cities...

  1. Bakewell Hall (JE | WP GWP G

) A large building in the neighborhood of the Guildhall, London, on the site now occupied by Gresham College. In a document...

  1. Bakhchi-sarai (JE | WP GWP G

) Former residence of the Tatar khans (fifteenth century to 1783); now a town in the government of Taurida (Crimea), Russia...

  1. Bakhmut (JE | WP GWP G

) City in the government of Yekaterinoslav, Russia. It has 4,000 Jews in a population of 19,000. The district of Bakhmut, including...

  1. Simson Baki (JE | WP GWP G

) 1. Born either in Germany or Italy, and very probably related to the Bachi family, members of which flourished successively...

  1. Baking (JE | WP GWP G

) the bread of the ancient Hebrews, like that of the Palestinians today, was not in the shape of thick loaves, but of thin cakes...

  1. Samuel Bakonyi (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian deputy and publicist; born in Debreczin July 22, 1862. After graduating in law at the University of Budapest, he...

  1. David ben Joseph Coen Bakri JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Chief of the Algerian Jews; financier; born about 1770; decapitated Feb. 4, 1811. His great financial abilities placed him...

  1. Jacob Cohen Bakri JE (JE | WP GWP G

) French consul at Algiers before its conquest by France; born in Algiers in 1763; died at Paris Nov. 23, 1836. Immensely rich...

  1. Joseph Coen Bakri (JE | WP GWP G

) Chief of the Algerian Jews; financier; born at Algiers in the middleof the eighteenth century; died at Leghorn in 1817. He...

  1. Isaac Moses Bakst (JE | WP GWP G

) Lecturer at the Jewish Rabbinical College of Jitomir; died there June 18, 1882; the father of Nicolai Bakst. He wrote "Sefer...

  1. Nicolai Ignatyevich Bakst (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian physiologist; born in 1843. He studied at St. Petersburg University, from which he graduated Bachelor of Natural Science...

  1. Ossip Isaakovich Bakst (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of Isaac and brother of Nicolai Bakst; died Oct. 8, 1895; was employed as interpreter (dragoman) in the Asiatic Department...

  1. Baku (JE | WP GWP G

) Seaport, in the government of the same name, Transcaucasia, Russia, situated on the peninsula of Apsheron, on the west coast...

161 – 180[edit]

  1. Balaam JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A son of Beor and a prophet of Pethor in Mesopotamia. The narrative relating to Balaam is found in Num. xxii.-xxiv. According...

  1. Baladan (JE | WP GWP G

) See Berodach-baladan.

  1. Balak (JE | WP GWP G

) According to Num. xxii.-xxiv., Balak was king of Moab when the Israelites emerged from their wanderings in the wilderness...

  1. Balance (JE | WP GWP G

) the word is used for three Hebrew words: (1) "mo'znaim" (Jer. xxxii. 10; Job vi. 2; Ps. lxii. 9; Isa. xl. 12, 15; Lev...

  1. Balandzhar (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C402: Chazar

  1. Joseph Balassa (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian philologist; born 1864, in Baja, Hungary; studied in Budapest, where he graduated in philosophy, and where he holds...

  1. Baldachin (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H973: Ḥuppah

  1. Baldness (JE | WP GWP G

) the Hebrews gave much care to the cultivation of their hair, which they kept long (compare Ezek. xliv. 20) except on such...

  1. Balearic Isles >> History of the Jews in the Balearic Islands JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A group of islands in the Mediterranean, belonging to Spain, situated to the east of Valencia, the three principal of which...

  1. Abraham ben Jacob Bali (JE | WP GWP G

) Karaite physician and Chazan; lived at Foli (?) in the second half of the fifteenth century. He was the pupil of Shabbethai...

  1. Moses ben Abraham Bali (JE | WP GWP G

) Karaite physician and Chakam at Cairo at the end of the fifteenth century and at the beginning of the sixteenth. He was...

  1. Jewish Ballads (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See F244: Folk-Songs

  1. Ballads on Jewish subjects (JE | WP GWP G

) in the folk-poetry of Europe a certain number of ballads deal with Jewish subjects or with Jewish persons. Of these may be...

  1. M Ballaghi (JE | WP GWP G

) See Bloch, M.

  1. Ballarat (JE | WP GWP G

) City in Victoria, Australia. Three years after the discovery of gold, in 1851, a congregation was formed with Henry Harris...

  1. Ada Sara Ballin (JE | WP GWP G

) English author and journalist; born in London, England; educated at University College, London, where she obtained scholarships...

  1. Joel Ballin (JE | WP GWP G

) Danish engraver, born in Vejle, Jutland, March 22, 1822; died in Copenhagen, March 21, 1885. He was a son of a merchant, Joseph... - an article in this name has previously been deleted.

  1. Samuel Jacob Ballin (JE | WP GWP G

) Danish physician; born at Copenhagen, Oct. 21, 1802; died there March 24, 1866. He was the son of a merchant, Jacob Levin...

  1. Davicion Bally JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Rumanian patriot; born at Bucharest Jan. 29, 1809; died at Jerusalem May 2, 1844. His great-grandfather, Chelebi Mentesh Bally...

  1. Balm (JE | WP GWP G

) A term used six times in the A. V. as a translation of the Hebrew words , and . It is everywhere rendered resina in the Vulgate...

181 – 200[edit]

  1. Balsam (JE | WP GWP G

) Word used as the translation (R. V., margin) of the Hebrew (Cant. v. 1) and of (ib. v. 13, vi. 2), for which the A. V....

  1. Balta (JE | WP GWP G

) A town in Russia, situated near the Rumanian and Turkish frontiers. Its Jewish community dates from about the middle of the...

  1. Balthazar (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B612: Belshazzar

  1. Balthazar Orobio de Castro (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C255: Castro, de, family

  1. Baltic Provinces (JE | WP GWP G

) the three Russian governments bordering the Baltic sea—Courland, Livonia, and Esthonia; belonging formerly to Sweden...

  1. Baltimore >> History of the Jews in Baltimore JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Port of entry and principal city of the state of Maryland, situated on an estuary of the Patapsco river about 12 miles from...

  1. Bamah (JE | WP GWP G

) This word, which ordinarily designates a "high place" (see High Places), is introduced in Ezek. xx. 29 as a generic name for...

  1. Bamberg (JE | WP GWP G

) City in Upper Franconia, Bavaria. As early as the beginning of the eleventh century Jews had settled at Bamberg. In the second...

  1. Felix Bamberg (JE | WP GWP G

) German publicist; born at Unruhstadt, Germany, May 17, 1820; died in Saint-Gratien, near Paris, Feb. 12, 1893. He studied...

  1. Samuel Bamberg (JE | WP GWP G

) Halakist and liturgist; lived about 1220. He was born in Metz, where he attended the rabbinical school, and was one of the...

  1. Béla Bamberger (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian lawyer and writer on political economy; born at Szegedin, Hungary, in 1854; studied law at Vienna and Budapest....

  1. Édouard Adrien Bamberger (JE | WP GWP G

) French deputy and physician; born at Strasburg Sept. 25, 1825. After obtaining the degree of B. A. in 1843 he devoted himself...

  1. Isaac Bamberger (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; born at Angenrod, in the grand duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt, Nov. 5, 1834; died at Königsberg Oct. 26, 1896...

  1. Ludwig Bamberger (JE | WP GWP G

) German deputy and political economist; born in Mayence July 22, 1823; died in Berlin March 14, 1899. He studied law in 1842-45...

  1. Seligman Baer Bamberger JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Talmudist of the old school and leader of the Orthodox party in Germany; born at Wiesenbronn, near Kitzingen, Bavaria, Nov...

  1. Solomon Bamberger (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi and Talmudic author; born in Wiesenbronn, Bavaria, May 1, 1835. He is the son of the eminent rabbi Seligman Baer...

  1. Bamoth-baal JE (JE | WP GWP G

) An elevated point in the land of Moab (Num. xxii. 41), which was allotted to the Reubenites (Josh. xiii. 17). It is probably...

  1. Issachar Dob Baer Bampi (JE | WP GWP G

) Scholar and philanthropist; born 1823 at Minsk, Russia; died there March 10, 1888. He received a thorough Biblical and Talmudical...

  1. Ban (JE | WP GWP G

) "herem": A proclamation devoting or consecrating to the Deity persons or things to be excluded from use, or, as was the rule...

  1. Tanna Banaah (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B212: Bannaah

201 to 300[edit]

201 – 220[edit]

  1. Moritz Band (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian writer and art critic; born Oct. 6, 1864. At an early age he began to write for the press, chiefly feuilletons, humorous...

  1. Daniel E Bandmann (JE | WP GWP G

) German-American actor; born at Cassel, Germany, in 1840. He made his début at the Court Theater, Neu Strelitz, when eighteen...

  1. Benjamin Bandoff (JE | WP GWP G

) English pugilist; born in the first quarter of the nineteenth century; died after 1865. Bandoff entered the prize-ring to...

  1. Eduard (Ezekiel) Baneth (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi and scholar; born at Liptó-Szent-Miklós, Hungary, Aug. 9, 1855; son of Bernhard Baneth. After receiving...

  1. Ezekiel Baneth (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian rabbi; born 1773 at Alt-Ofen; died Dec. 28, 1854. He was the son of the learned rabbi Jacob Banêt, an eminent...

  1. Jerahmeel Dob (Bernhard) Baneth (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian rabbi; born 1815 at Széchény; died Oct. 21, 1871. The youngest son of Ezekiel Baneth, he was one of the...

  1. Banishment (JE | WP GWP G

) in ancient Israel an exclusion, permanent or temporary, from the native land, as a divine punishment. Adam's Banishment...

  1. Emanuel Bank (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian lawyer; born at Luknik, government of Kovno, 1840; died at St. Maurice. Switzerland, July 29, 1891. He was the son...

  1. Joshua ben Isaac Bank (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi at Tulchin, Russia; born at Satanov in the first half of the nineteenth century. He was the author of the following...

  1. Banking (JE | WP GWP G

) Speaking strictly, Banking means the taking of money on deposit (banks of deposit), and loaning it out on interest (banks...

  1. Bankruptcy (JE | WP GWP G

) in modern law, the proceeding taken by the courts of justice with regard to debtors unable to pay their debts in full, when...

  1. Bannaah, Bannay, Bannayah (JE | WP GWP G

) A Palestinian semi-tanna (see bar Ḳappara) at the beginning of the third century. Not much of a halakic nature from...

  1. Bannaim (JE | WP GWP G

) A supposed sect of an Essene order, among Palestinian Jews of the second century. The only passage in which the name occurs...

  1. Joseph Bánóczi (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian scholar; born at Szt. Gál, county of Veszprém, Hungary, July 4, 1849. He was educated at the schools of...

  1. Banquets (JE | WP GWP G

) Festive meals on occasions of the celebration of domestic, communal, and religious joy, and on welcoming as well as on parting...

  1. Banu Aus (JE | WP GWP G

) An Arab tribe that came to Medina together with the Banu Khazraj (about 300), and settled there among the Jewish inhabitants...

  1. Banu Bahdal (JE | WP GWP G

) A Jewish tribe in Medina which dwelt with the Banu Ḳuraiza. There is some uncertainty as to the correctness of...

  1. Banu Kainuka'a (JE | WP GWP G

) A Jewish tribe in north Arabia, apparently the first Jews that settled at Medina, and the most powerful of all the Jewish...

  1. Banu Kuraiza (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the Jewish tribes in Medina that, like the Banu al-Naḍir, seem to have consisted chiefly of descendants of Aaron...

  1. Banu al-Nadir (JE | WP GWP G

) A Jewish tribe in Medina. It appears to have been chiefly composed of priestly families, as this, together with the Banu &#7730...

221 – 240[edit]

  1. Banus (JE | WP GWP G

) A teacher of Josephus ("Vita," § 2, Bάνος; in ed. Niese, Bάννος). He "lived...

  1. Baptism (JE | WP GWP G

) A religious ablution signifying purification or consecration. The natural method of cleansing the body by washing and bathing...

  1. Giovanni Giona Galileo Baptista (JE | WP GWP G

) Baptized Jew, professor of Hebrew, and librarian of the Vatican; born in Safed Oct. 28, 1588; died May 26, 1668. His Jewish...

  1. Giovanni Salomo Romano Eliano Baptista (JE | WP GWP G

) Baptized Jew; ecclesiastical writer; born at Alexandria, Egypt; died in Rome March 3, 1589. He was a grandson of Elijah Levita...

  1. Baptists (JE | WP GWP G

) A Christian denomination or sect denying the validity of infant-baptism or of any baptism not preceded by a confession of...

  1. Haskel (Ezekiel) Bapugee (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the Beni Israelites of Bombay, subedar-major in the Indian native army; died Feb. 14, 1878, and was buried with military...

  1. Bar (JE | WP GWP G

) Aramaic equivalent of Hebrew Ben, "a son" or "son of." This article is...

  1. Bar (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the district of Mohilev, province of Podolia, Russia, on the River Rov, affluent of the Bug; with a Jewish population...

  1. Bar Anina (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian scholar of the end of the fourth century; lived in Bethlehem, where he was the teacher of the church father Jerome...

  1. Bar Cochba, Bar Cochbah (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B237: Bar Kokba

  1. Bar Dala, Bardala, bar Dalia, Bardalia (JE | WP GWP G

) A place near Lydda, which once harbored a rabbinic seat of learning (B. M. 10a et seq.; see Rabbinowicz, "Dikdu&#7731...

  1. Bar Elasha (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B634: Ben Elasah

  1. Simon bar Giora (JE | WP GWP G

) Jewish leader in the revolt against Rome; born about the year 50, at Gerasa. To judge from his name he was the son of a proselyte...

  1. Bar Hebraeus (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See G434: Gregory bar Hebræus

  1. Bar Jesus (JE | WP GWP G

) A Jewish magician described in Acts xiii. 6-11 as a "sorcerer, a false prophet," who, when Paul and Barnabas came to Cyprus...

  1. Bar Kappara (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian scholar of the beginning of the third century, occupying an intermediate position between tanna and amora. His...

  1. Bar Kokba and bar Kokba War (JE | WP GWP G

) the insurrection of the Jews of Cyrene, Cyprus, and Egypt in the last years of the emperor Trajan had not been entirely suppressed...

  1. Bar Koziba (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B237: Bar Kokba

  1. Bar Mitzvah JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Hebrew term applied to a boy on completing his thirteenth year, who has then reached the age of religious duty and responsibility...

  1. Bar Shalmon (JE | WP GWP G

) Legendary son-in-law of Ashmedai, king of the demons. Bar Shalmon, the scholarly and pious son of a rich merchant who had...

241 – 260[edit]

  1. Bar Yokni (JE | WP GWP G

) A gigantic bird mentioned several times in the Talmud. An authority at the beginning of the third century, in relating a number...

  1. Barabas UNR (JE | WP GWP G

) the principal character in Christopher Marlowe's "The Rich Jew of Malta," first produced at the Rose Theater, Bankside...

  1. Barabbas (JE | WP GWP G

) Prisoner of the Romans released by the procurator Pontius Pilate. The reason for his incarceration is given differently in...

  1. M Barach (JE | WP GWP G

) See Maerzroth.

  1. Rosa Barach (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian authoress and educator; born at Neu-Rausnitz, Moravia, May 15, 1841. Educated at her native place and at Vienna,...

  1. Isaac Baraffael (Baruffall) (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian officer and communal worker; lived in Rome at the end of the eighteenth century and the beginning of the nineteenth...

  1. Baraita (JE | WP GWP G

) An Aramaic word designating a tannaite tradition not incorporated in the Mishnah; later it was applied also to collections...

  1. Baraita on the (Treatise) Abot (JE | WP GWP G

) A Baraita consisting of eleven paragraphs on the excellences of the Torah and on the right way to become acquainted with it...

  1. Baraita of Rabbi Ada (JE | WP GWP G

) A Baraita on the calendar. The only one who speaks of such a Baraita is Abraham b. Ḥiyya ha-Nassi ("Sefer ha-'Ibbur...

  1. Baraita on the Creation (JE | WP GWP G

) See Ma'aseh Bereshit.2. Under the title , L. Goldschmidt published a work (Strasburg, 1894) which he gave out to be an...

  1. Baraita of Rabbi Eliezer (JE | WP GWP G

) the customary name for the PirḲe R. Eliezer among the older scholars, as Rashi and in the 'Aruk. Some recent scholars...

  1. Baraita of Rabbi Eliezer (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B266: Baraita of the Thirty-two Rules

  1. Baraita on the Erection of the Tabernacle JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A Baraita cited several times by Hai Gaon, by Nathan ben Jehiel in the 'Aruk, as well as in Rashi, Yalkut, and Maimonides...

  1. Baraita of the Forty-nine Rules JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Rashi, the Tosafists, Abraham ibn Ezra, Yalkut, and Asher ben Jehiel mention a work, "Baraita of the Forty-nine Rules...

  1. Baraita on the Heavenly Throne (JE | WP GWP G

) See Ma'ase Merkabah.

  1. Baraita of Rabbi Ishmael JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A Baraita which explains the thirteen rules of R. Ishmael, and their application, by means of illustrations from the Bible...

  1. Baraita of Rabbi Jose (JE | WP GWP G

) Name given by some of the old scholars to the Seder 'Olam Rabbah. Concerning another Baraita of the same name, see Br&#252...

  1. Baraita of Joseph ben Uzziel (JE | WP GWP G

) A cabalistic Baraita, several times mentioned by Recanati. It is in manuscript form at Oxford, and is a commentary to the...

  1. Baraita of Joshua ben Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See "Revelation of Joshua b. Levi", in article A1643: Apocalyptic Literature, Neo-Hebraic

  1. Baraita on the Mystery of the Calculation of the Calendar (JE | WP GWP G

) A Baraita cited in the Talmud (R. H. 20b). Since special care was taken to keep it secret, it has not been preserved; but...

261 – 280[edit]

  1. Baraita de-Niddah (JE | WP GWP G

) This Baraita, expressly mentioned by Nachmanides, and probably known to the Geonim and the German-French Talmudists of...

  1. Baraita of Rabbi Phinehas ben Jair (JE | WP GWP G

) 1. See Midrash Tadshe.2. A Baraita printed by Grünhut, in "Sefer ha-LikKuṭim," ii. 20b-21a. It contains...

  1. Baraita on Salvation (JE | WP GWP G

) A haggadic Baraita, which Schönblum (Lemberg, 1877) published for the first time in the collection "Sheloshah Sefarim...

  1. Baraita of Samuel JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A Baraita of Samuel was known to Jewish scholars from Shabbethai Donolo in the tenth century to Simon Duran in the fifteenth...

  1. Baraita de-Sifre (JE | WP GWP G

) See Sifre, Zuṭṭa.

  1. Baraita of the Thirty-two Rules JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A Baraita giving the thirty-two hermeneutic rules according to which the Bible is interpreted. Abul-Walid ibn Janach...

  1. Barak (JE | WP GWP G

) A warrior; the son of Abinoam mentioned in Judges iv. 6, v. 12, as the most important ally of Deborah in the struggle against...

  1. Julius Barasch (JE | WP GWP G

) Rumanian author and physician; born at Brody, Galicia, 1815; died at Bucharest, Rumania, March 31, 1863. His early education...

  1. Diego Barassa (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish physician and Marano, who openly avowed himself a Jew at Amsterdam about 1640. He was conversant with astronomy, medicine...

  1. Jean Philippe Baratier (JE | WP GWP G

) Christian translator of Benjamin of Tudela's travels; born at Schwabach, Bavaria, in 1721; died in 1740. He was only thirteen...

  1. Herman (Hirsch) Baratz (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian lawyer and censor of Hebrew books; born at Dubno 1835; graduated from the Rabbinical School of Jitomir in 1859, and...

  1. Barbados (JE | WP GWP G

) Island of the British West Indies in the Windward Group; colonized in 1625. It is probable that Jews were among the earliest...

  1. Barbary States (JE | WP GWP G

) A region comprising the northwest of Africa from the Mediterranean to the Sahara, including Morocco, Algeria, Tunis, and Tripoli...

  1. Barbastro, Barbaste (JE | WP GWP G

) A city of Aragon, containing a Jewish community with special privileges that were confirmed by successive kings from time...

  1. Ida Barber (JE | WP GWP G

) German authoress; born at Berlin July 9, 1842. She began her literary career when quite young, and published the following...

  1. Barbers (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B456: Beard

  1. Meïr b. Saul Barby (JE | WP GWP G

) Talmudist and rabbi; born about 1725 at Barby, a small city near Halberstadt, Prussia; died July 28, 1789, at Presburg. His...

  1. Barcelona (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of Catalonia, Spain; much praised by Jewish travelers and poets for its beauty and its picturesque situation; was...

  1. Isaac ben Reuben Barceloni (JE | WP GWP G

) See Isaac b. Reuben of Barcelona.

  1. Barches (JE | WP GWP G

) Judίo-German for an oblong loaf of twisted bread, called in some countries also "Taatscher" or "Datscher." Both names...

281 – 300[edit]

  1. Barda (JE | WP GWP G

) Formerly an important city (often mentioned by the Arabic geographers of the ninth and tenth centuries in connection with...

  1. Elijah Bardach (JE | WP GWP G

) Merchant and Hebrew scholar; born at Lemberg 1794; died at Vienna April 11, 1864. He devoted his leisure time to the study...

  1. Israel Isaac ben Hayyim Moses Bardach (JE | WP GWP G

) Grammarian; lived in Lithuania at the end of the eighteenth century. He was the author of "Ta'ame Torah" (The Accents...

  1. Julius Bardach (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian writer and teacher; born at Turijsk, province of Volhynia, 1828; died in Odessa in 1897 (?). He is said to have descended...

  1. Barefoot (JE | WP GWP G

) in II Sam. xv. 30 it is mentioned that David, on his flight before Absalom, went Barefoot to show his grief. Micah i. 8, "to...

  1. Bareheadedness (JE | WP GWP G

) Jewish custom has for ages required women to cover the hair as an evidence of their modesty before men, and required men to...

  1. Barfat (JE | WP GWP G

) Name used by Jews in Provence and northern Spain; e.g., = "Barfat certifies as witness," found in an agreement between Pedro...

  1. Bargains and Sales (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S71: Sale

  1. Abraham de Bargas (JE | WP GWP G

) Translator into Ladino of the prayers composed by Malachi ben Jacob on the occasion of the earthquake at Leghorn, in January...

  1. Jean Joseph Leandre Bargès (JE | WP GWP G

) Honorary canon of Notre Dame of Paris, abbé and Orientalist; born in 1810 at Auriol (Bouches-du-Rhône); died in...

  1. Bari (JE | WP GWP G

) Seaport town in Apulia, Italy, on the Adriatic; capital of the district of the same name. As the center of an extended trade...

  1. Baris (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A1614: Antonia

  1. Jacob Barit (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian Talmudist and communal worker; born at Simno, government of Suwalki, Sept. 12, 1797; died at Wilna March 6, 1883....

  1. Marie Barkany (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian actress; born at Kaschau, Hungary, March 2, 1862. She was one of the six daughters of a merchant at Kaschau, and...

  1. Isaac ben Elijah Barki (JE | WP GWP G

) Writer; flourished in the seventeenth century at Salonica. He was, according to Azulai, a pupil of Ḥayyim Shabbethai...

  1. Barlaam and Josaphat (JE | WP GWP G

) A romantic tale under this title, giving extracts from the life of Buddha and some of his parables in Christian form, which...

  1. Barley (JE | WP GWP G

) A cereal often mentioned in the Old Testament as one of the common food-products of Palestine. It was and still is used as...

  1. Thomas Barlow (JE | WP GWP G

) Bishop of Lincoln; born in Westmoreland in 1607; died Oct. 8, 1691. He was educated at Appleby, and removed thence to Queen&#39...

  1. Joses Barnabas EL:JE (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the Apostles, of the tribe of Levi and of the country of Cyprus. In Acts iv. 36 his name is given as "Bar Na&#7717...

  1. Barnacle-goose (JE | WP GWP G

) A curious notion prevailed in the Middle Ages, that this bird (Branta leucopsis) was generated from the barnacle, a shell-fish...

301 to 400[edit]

301 – 320[edit]

  1. Barnett Isaacs Barnato (JE | WP GWP G

) English "diamond king," promoter, and speculator; born in London July 5, 1852; committed suicide by jumping from the deck...

  1. Antoine Pierre Joseph Marie Barnave (JE | WP GWP G

) French politician; member of the Assemblie Nationale; born at Grenoble in Dauphiny Oct. 22, 1761; guillotined in Paris Nov...

  1. Ludwig Barnay (JE | WP GWP G

) German actor; born at Budapest, Hungary, Feb. 12, 1842. He was the son of the secretary of the Jewish congregation at that...

  1. Aryeh Loeb Barnett (JE | WP GWP G

) Dayyan in London; locally known as "Rabbi Aryeh Loeb"; born at Krotoschin, in the grand duchy of Posen, in 1797; died in London...

  1. Jacob Barnett (JE | WP GWP G

) Hebrew teacher at Oxford about 1613. He gave instruction to the students, under the direction of Richard Killye, regiusprofessor...

  1. John Barnett (JE | WP GWP G

) English composer; born at Bedford, England, July 1, 1802; died at Cheltenham April 17, 1890. He made his début as a singer...

  1. John Francis Barnett (JE | WP GWP G

) English musician; born at London Oct. 16, 1837; nephew of John Barnett. He was a pianoforte pupil of Dr. Wylde, and in 1850...

  1. Lionel D Barnett (JE | WP GWP G

) English author; born at Liverpool 1871, educated at the High School, Liverpool, and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he had...

  1. Morris Barnett (JE | WP GWP G

) Dramatist and actor; born in 1800; died at Montreal March 18, 1856. He was originally trained for the musical profession,...

  1. Henry Baron (JE | WP GWP G

) French painter; born at Besançon in 1816; died at Geneva in 1885. He was one of the foremost representatives of the historic...

  1. Baron de Hirsch Fund (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H763: Hirsch Fund, Baron de

  1. Jonas Baron (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian physician, surgeon, and lecturer on surgery at the University of Budapest, Hungary; born at Gyöngyös Nov...

  1. Barren, Barrenness (JE | WP GWP G

) the Hebrew word for "barren"— ('akar); feminine, ('akarah)—denotes probably "uprooted," in the...

  1. Isaac Barrientos (JE | WP GWP G

) Author; otherwise unknown, but certainly not the same as Daniel Levi de Barrios; is the author of "Theologia Natural Contra...

  1. Daniel Levi (Miguel) de Barrios JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish poet and historian; born 1625 at Montilla, Spain; died Feb., 1701, at Amsterdam. He was the son of a Marano, Simon...

  1. Simon Levi de Barrios (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of Daniel Levi de Barrios; born March 17, 1665, at Amsterdam; died May 16, 1688, at Barbados. Member of Ez &#7716...

  1. Mordecai Barrocas (JE | WP GWP G

) A Marano, physician, and poet. In Holland, at an advanced age, he openly returned to Judaism about the year 1605; and in celebration...

  1. Valentinus Barruchius (Baruch?) (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish poet; lived probably in the twelfth century. He is said to have been a native of Toledo. He wrote in clear and ornate...

  1. Jacob Barsimson (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the earliest Jewish settlers at New Amsterdam (New York). He arrived at that port on the ship "Pear Tree" July 8, 1654...

  1. Bartenora JE (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B937: Bertinoro, Obadiah ben Abraham

321 – 340[edit]

  1. Barter (JE | WP GWP G

) the exchange of things of value, none of them being money. Barter is distinguished from a sale, where one of the things is...

  1. Jacob Barth (JE | WP GWP G

) German professor of exegesis, religious philosophy, and Semitic languages; born at Flehingen, Baden, 1851. He studied Orientalia...

  1. Jacob Salomon Bartholdy (JE | WP GWP G

) Prussian diplomat and art patron; uncle of the composer Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy; born May 13, 1779, in Berlin; died in...

  1. Bartholomaion (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B655: Ben Temalion

  1. Bartholomew (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the apostles; mentioned only in Matt. x. 3; Mark iii. 18; Luke vi. 14; Acts i. 13. Some writers identify him with the...

  1. Bartholomew Raymundo (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See R300: Rimos, Moses.

  1. Giulio Bartolocci JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian student of Jewish literature;. born at Celleno April 1, 1613; died Oct. 19, 1687. He was a pupil of a baptized Jew...

  1. Baruch S 2009-10-29 >> Baruch ben Neriah JE (JE | WP GWP G

) 1. Son of Zabbai or Zaccai, who took part in strengthening the wall of Jerusalem in the time of Nehemiah (Neh. iii. 20).2...

  1. Apocalypse of Baruch (Greek) + (JE | WP GWP G

) An apocryphal work, in which Baruch, the disciple of Jeremiah, gives an account of the revelation which he received in heaven...

  1. Apocalypse of Baruch (Syriac) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A pseudepigraphic work in which Baruch narrates his experiences during the periods just before and after the destruction of...

  1. Book of Baruch EL:JE (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the Apocryphal or so-called deuterocanonic books of the Old Testament. It consists of two parts. The first (i. 1-iii...

  1. Baruch DAB (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish mechanic of the beginning of the eighteenth century; lived in Pogrebishche. He produced two magnificent brass candelabra...

  1. Baruch DAB (JE | WP GWP G

) A Jewish pioneer settler in Spain, whom the tradition of the ibn Albaliahs regarded as the ancestor of their family. See Ibn...

  1. Baruch b. Moses ibn Baruch (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian philosopher, Talmudist, and Bible commentator; lived at the end of the sixteenth century. He belonged to the old noble...

  1. Baruch of Benevento JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Cabalist in Naples during the first half of the sixteenth century. He was the teacher of Cardinal Aegidius of Viterbo...

  1. Baruch b. David (JE | WP GWP G

) A Talmudic author; lived at Gnesen (near Posen) in the beginning of the seventeenth century. He wrote: "Gedullat Mordecai"...

  1. Baruch de Digne (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi of central France toward the end of the thirteenth and the beginning of the fourteenth century; surnamed "Ha-Gadol"...

  1. Baruch ben Gershon of Arezzo (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian writer; lived in the seventeenth century. He was the author of "Zikkaron li-Bene Yisrael" (Memorial for the Children...

  1. Isaac Baruch (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A1070: Albalia

  1. Baruch b. Isaac (ha-Kohen ?) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Tosafist and codifier; flourished about 1200. He was born at Worms, but lived at Regensburg; hence he is sometimes called...

341 – 360[edit]

  1. Baruch ben Isaac Yaish (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See I67: Ibn Yaish

  1. Jacob Baruch (JE | WP GWP G

) President ("Baumeister") of the Jewish congregation of Frankfort-on-the-Main at the beginning of the nineteenth century; father...

  1. Baruch b. Jacob (Shklover) (JE | WP GWP G

) Talmudist, physician, and scientist; born at Shklov, White Russia, about 1740; died about 1812. He was one of the old-style...

  1. Jacob [Kohen-Zedek] ben Moses Hayyim Baruch (JE | WP GWP G

) Editor at Leghorn during the latter part of the eighteenth century. He is known especially as the compiler and editor of a...

  1. Joshua Boaz ben Simon ben Abraham Baruch JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A prominent Talmudist; lived at Sabionetta, later at Savigliano; died in 1557. He was a descendant of an old Judæo-Spanish...

  1. Baruch Leibov (JE | WP GWP G

) A merchant who was burned at the stake in St. Petersburg July 15, 1738. He was one of the numerous Judæo-Polish merchants...

  1. Loeb Baruch (JE | WP GWP G

) See Börne, Ludwig.

  1. Baruch b. Moses of Prossnitz (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C486: Christiani

  1. Baruch b. Samuel UNR (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi of the Ashkenazim at Constantinople or in its neighborhood, in the last half of the sixteenth century. He is mentioned...

  1. Baruch b. Samuel JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Talmudist and prolific "payyeṭan"; flourished at the beginning of the thirteenth century; died at Mayence April 25,...

  1. Baruch b. Samuel Zanwill ha-Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) An Austrian rabbi of the eighteenth century; born at Leipnik, Moravia; officiated at Semlin, Croatia. He was the author of...

  1. Simon Baruch (JE | WP GWP G

) American physician; born at Schwersenz, Prussia, July 29, 1840; educated at the Royal Gymnasium, Posen. Emigrating at an early...

  1. Baruch b. Solomon Kalai (JE | WP GWP G

) See Kalai.

  1. Baruch of Tulchin (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian rabbi and leader of the Ḥasidim of the Ukraine; born at Medzhibozh, government of Podolia, about 1750; died...

  1. Baruch Uziel b. Baruch (JE | WP GWP G

) See Forti, Baruch Uziel.

  1. Baruch Yavan (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish financier; agent of the Polish prime minister Count Brühl; born at Starokonstantinov, government of Volhynia,...

  1. Baruch b. Zebi Hirsch (JE | WP GWP G

) A casuist; lived in Poland at the end of the eighteenth century and the beginning of the nineteenth. He wrote "Shema'tatade-Rab"...

  1. Baruk She-amar (JE | WP GWP G

) the initial words of the introductory benediction recited before the reading of the Psalms ("Zemirot") or selections of the...

  1. Baruk She-amar Samson b. Eliezer (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S125: Samson b. Eliezer

  1. Barun ibn Isaac (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See I7: Ibn Barun

361 – 380[edit]

  1. Adolph Solomonowich Barzhansky (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian composer and pianist; born at Odessa 1851; died there 1900. His father, a member of a prosperous firm well known both...

  1. Barzilai (JE | WP GWP G

) See Judah ben Barzilai.

  1. Giuseppe Barzilai (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian lawyer and Biblical commentator; born at Gradisca, near Triest, Austria, in 1828; studied at Casalmaggiore, province...

  1. Salvatore Barzilai (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian deputy; born in Triest, Austria, July 5, 1860. Son of the Orientalist and archeologist Giuseppe Barzilai; studied...

  1. Barzillai (JE | WP GWP G

) A wealthy Gileadite noble of Rogelim, who, together with two other prominent chieftains of the east-Jordanic territory, met...

  1. Abraham Hezekiah b. Jacob Basan (JE | WP GWP G

) Corrector of the press and author; lived in the second half of the eighteenth century at Amsterdam and Hamburg. He was at...

  1. Jacob ben Abraham Basan (JE | WP GWP G

) Ḥakam of the Portuguese community of Hamburg. In 1755 he published a prayer for a fast-day by the Portuguese congregation...

  1. Abraham Basch (JE | WP GWP G

) German poet and teacher; born at Posen July 17, 1800; died at Berlin Sept. 24, 1841. Basch was a somewhat precocious child...

  1. Àrpàd Basch (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian painter; born at Budapest 1873. He purposed at first to follow an industrial career, and attended the department...

  1. Gyula Basch JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian painter; born at Budapest April 9, 1859. After completing his studies at the gymnasium, he attended the polytechnicinstitute...

  1. Raphael Basch JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian writer and politician; born at Prague, Bohemia, in 1813. After acquiring at that city a thorough familiarity with...

  1. Samuel Siegfried Karl Ritter von Basch JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian physician; born at Prague Sept. 9, 1837; best known as the body-physician of the emperor Maximilian of Mexico. Basch...

  1. Victor Basch JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Professor of philosophy at the University of Rennes; born at Budapest, Hungary, in 1863; son of Raphael Basch. Removing in...

  1. Baschwitz (JE | WP GWP G

) A family of printers, of which the following were the most prominent members: 1. Meïr Baschwitz: Born at Dyhernfurth...

  1. Basel (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of the canton of Basel-Stadt, Switzerland, bordering on the grand duchy of Baden and on Alsace. Owing to its flourishing...

  1. Basel Congress (JE | WP GWP G

) An international Zionist convention held at Basel on Aug. 29, 30, and 31, 1897, in the Stadt Casino, and which was called...

  1. Basel-land (JE | WP GWP G

) A canton of Switzerland. It did not admit the French Jews, who had bought property in Liestal, the capital of the canton,...

  1. Basel Program (JE | WP GWP G

) By this term is understood the program of Political Zionism drawn up at the first Basel Congress, as the aim of the political-Zionist...

  1. Basemath (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B386: Bashemath

  1. Abramo Basevi (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian composer and writer on music; born at Leghorn Dec. 29, 1818; died at Florence November, 1885. At first a physician...

381 – 400[edit]

  1. Emmanuele Basevi (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian physician and medical writer; born at Pisa in 1799; died in Florence Sept. 18, 1869. Basevi studied at the high school...

  1. George (Joshua) Basevi (JE | WP GWP G

) Architect; born in London in 1794; died at Ely in 1845. He was the son of George Basevi, whose sister, Maria, had married...

  1. Joachim Basevi (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian jurisconsult; born at Mantua 1780; died at Milan 1867. His intelligence and culture procured him so much celebrity...

  1. Bashan (JE | WP GWP G

) the tract of country north of Gilead, the Yarmuk being the dividing-line. It stretches eastward along this southern limit...

  1. Bashar ben Phineas (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See I49: Ibn Shuaib

  1. Bashemath, Basmath (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the wives of Esau. In Gen. xxvi. 34 she is described as "the daughter of Elon the Hittite." According to the same source...

  1. Heinrich Jacob Bashuysen JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Christian printer of Hebrew books and Orientalist; born at Hanau, Prussia, Oct. 26, 1679; died about 1750. He founded a printing-establishment...

  1. Elijah b. Moses b. Menahem Bashyazi of Adrianople JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Karaite Chakam; born at Adrianople about 1420; died there in 1490. After being instructed in the Karaite literature and...

  1. Hillel ben Moses Bashyazi (JE | WP GWP G

) Karaite scholar; lived at Constantinople in the first half of the sixteenth century. He was the author of a commentary upon...

  1. Moses ben Elijah Bashyazi (JE | WP GWP G

) Karaite scholar; great-grandson of Elijah Bashyazi; born at Constantinople in 1537; died in 1555. When but sixteen years of...

  1. Basilea, Basila, Bassola, Basola, Basla (JE | WP GWP G

) A family originally from Basel in Switzerland (whence the name), but resident in the north of Italy and in Palestine from...

  1. Basilisk (JE | WP GWP G

) the translation in the Revised Version of the Hebrew "Zefa'" and "Zif'oni" (Isa. xi. 8, xiv. 29, lix....

  1. Basin (JE | WP GWP G

) the following Hebrew words are rendered "bason" in English: "aggan," "kefor," "mizrak," and "saf." of these "aggan"...

  1. Basket-tax (JE | WP GWP G

) the most burdensome and annoying of the special taxes imposed upon the Jews of Russia by the government. The edict concerning...

  1. Baskets (JE | WP GWP G

) Four kinds of Baskets are mentioned in the Old Testament—"dud," "tene," "sal," and "kelub"—but unfortunately without...

  1. Basmath (JE | WP GWP G

) daughter of King Solomon. See Bashemath.

  1. Jacob Christian Basnage (JE | WP GWP G

) Protestant pastor; born at Rouen, France, Aug. 8, 1653; died in Holland Dec. 22, 1725. At the age of twenty-three he took...

  1. Bason (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B393: Basin

  1. Basque Provinces (JE | WP GWP G

) A district of Spain, including Guipuzcoa, Biscay, and Alava, extending along both sides of the Pyrenees, where the Basques...

  1. Basra (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B412: Bassora

401 to 500[edit]

401 – 420[edit]

  1. Shabbethai ben Joseph Bass JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Founder of Jewish bibliography; born at Kalisz 1641; died July 21, 1718, at Krotoschin. After the death of his parents, who...

  1. Bassai (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B1004: Bezai

  1. Hezekiah Mordecai b. Samuel Bassani (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi of Verona, Italy; lived at the end of the sixteenth century and at the beginning of the seventeenth. He was the author...

  1. Hugo Bassani (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian poet and composer; born in Padua June 5, 1851. He studied in Milan and was one of the favorite scholars of Anthony...

  1. Isaiah Bassani (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian rabbi, of the first half of the eighteenth century; the son of Israel Hezekiah Bassani, who was a pupil of Moses Zacuto...

  1. Israel Benjamin Bassani (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi at Reggio, Italy; born in 1703; died at Reggio Jan. 20, 1790 (5 Shebaṭ, 5550); son of Isaiah Bassani. He was a...

  1. Jehiel b. Hayyim Bassani (JE | WP GWP G

) Casuist and rabbi of Constantinople in the seventeenth century. His responsa (Constantinople, 1737) are valued for their keen...

  1. Bassano (JE | WP GWP G

) City in the province of Venice, Italy. Here, as in all the surrounding places, Jews were living at a very early period, engaged...

  1. Hendel Bassevi (JE | WP GWP G

) Daughter of Ebert Geronim, and second wife of Jacob Bassevi, son of Abraham Bassevi and president of the congregation of Prague...

  1. Jacob Bassevi von Treuenberg JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Court Jew and financier; born in 1580; died at Jung-BuntzlauMay 2, 1634. He entered business early in life, ultimately became...

  1. Eliezer Bassin (JE | WP GWP G

) Missionary at Jassy, Rumania; born about 1840 in the government of Mohilev, Russia. In 1869 he went to Constantinople, where...

  1. Bassora (JE | WP GWP G

) City in a vilayet of the same name in Asiatic Turkey, about 54 miles from the Persian gulf and 1¼ miles west of the Sha&#7789...

  1. Lucilius Bassus (JE | WP GWP G

) Governor of Judea after the conquest of Jerusalem by Titus (70). He had formerly been prefect of the fleet at Ravenna, and...

  1. Bastard (JE | WP GWP G

) in the English use of the word, a child neither born nor begotten in lawful wedlock; an illegitimate child. There is no Hebrew...

  1. Diego Enriquez Basurto (JE | WP GWP G

) Marano poet of the seventeenth century; born in Spain. Like his father—the poet Antonio Enriquez Gomez—he resided...

  1. Bat (JE | WP GWP G

) This well-known winged mammal (in Hebrew , Lev. xi. 19; Deut. xiv. 18; Isa. ii. 20) was considered by the Hebrews as belonging...

  1. Bat Kol JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A heavenly or divine voice which proclaims God's will or judgment, His deeds and His commandments to individuals or to...

  1. Bat-sheba (JE | WP GWP G

) A family of printers, in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, whose name originates from the feminine name "Bath-sheba...

  1. Al-Hafiz abu Mohammed Abd Allah ibn Mohammed ibn al-Sid al-Batalyusi (JE | WP GWP G

) Arabian philologist; born at Badajos (whence his name al-Baṭalyusi = native of Badajos) in the second half of the eleventh...

  1. Batanaea (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B384: Bashan

421 – 440[edit]

  1. Julius Bate (JE | WP GWP G

) English Biblical and Hebraic scholar; born about 1711; died at Arundel Jan. 20, 1771. He was educated at St. John's College...

  1. Bath (JE | WP GWP G

) City, borough, and capital of the county of Somersetshire, England. Though as old as Roman times—in which it was known...

  1. Bath << Biblical and Talmudic units of measurement (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See W81: Weights and Measures

  1. Bath-rabbim (JE | WP GWP G

) A term found only once in the Bible (Cant. vii. 4), apparently as the name of a gate at or near Heshbon. The passage is obscure...

  1. Bath-sheba JE (JE | WP GWP G

) the daughter of Eliam (II Sam. xi. 3; but of Ammiel according to I Chron. iii. 5), who became the wife of Uriah the Hittite...

  1. Stephen Bathori (JE | WP GWP G

) Prince of Transylvania 1571-76; king of Poland 1575-86, in succession to Henry of Anjou, who had left the kingdom in order...

  1. Baths, Bathing (JE | WP GWP G

) the clean body as an index and exponent of a clean soul, and thus of an approximation to holiness, is so natural a conception...

  1. Bathyra UNR (JE | WP GWP G

) Fortress and city founded by Zamaris, a distinguished Jew of Babylon, who about the year 20 crossed the Euphrates with 500...

  1. Bathyra >> Judah ben Bathyra JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A family whose name is probably identical with that of the city of Bathyra. The name is so rare that all persons called "Bathyra"...

  1. Batlanim (JE | WP GWP G

) Title of the ten men of leisure who, unoccupied by business of their own, devote their whole time to communal affairs and...

  1. Szidor Bátor (Breisach) (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian composer; born at Budapest Feb. 23, 1860. He passed through the realschule and polytechnic in his native city, and...

  1. Battery (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A2029: Assault and Battery

  1. Battlements (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H945: House

  1. Bruno Bauer (JE | WP GWP G

) Christian theologian, philosopher, and historian; born Sept. 6, 1809, at Eisenburg, duchy of Saxe-Altenburg; died April 13...

  1. George Lorenz Bauer (JE | WP GWP G

) Christian author of a theology of the Old Testament; born at Hippolstein, Bavaria, Aug. 14, 1755; died Jan. 13, 1806. In 1789...

  1. Julius Bauer (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian humorist; born at Raab-Sziget, Hungary, Oct. 15, 1853. Bauer was educated at home until 1873, when he went to Vienna...

  1. Marie-Bernard Bauer (JE | WP GWP G

) Chaplain of the Tuileries, Paris; born 1829 at Budapest, Hungary; died 1898. Through the Carmelite priest Augustin (whose...

  1. Moritz Bauer (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian physician; specialist in vaccination; born at Vienna Feb. 25, 1844. He received his education at his native town...

  1. B Károly Baumgarten (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian jurist; born at Budapest Sept. 21, 1853, where he also finished his education; brother of Isidor Baumgarten. From...

  1. Emanuel Baumgarten (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian author and communal worker; born in Kremsier Jan. 15, 1828. In his youth he frequented various yeshibot, acquiring...

441 – 460[edit]

  1. Isidor Baumgarten (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian jurist; born March 27, 1850, at Budapest, where he completed his education. Upon his graduation as doctor of law...

  1. Bausk (JE | WP GWP G

) District town, government of Courland, Russia. According to the census of 1897 the population was 6,543, including some three...

  1. Bavaria (JE | WP GWP G

) Kingdom in southern Germany. The settlement of Jewish merchants in Bavaria dates from the very earliest times. The legend...

  1. Rudolphus Baynus (Bayne) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A Christian Hebraist of Cambridge; professor of the Hebrew language in Paris about the middle of the sixteenth century. He...

  1. Bayonne (JE | WP GWP G

) Fortified city in the department of Basses-Pyrénées, in the extreme southwest of France. It is divided into Great...

  1. Bayreuth (JE | WP GWP G

) Principality and capital city of the government district of Oberfranken, Bavaria. Mention is first made of the Jews of Bayreuth...

  1. Bazarjik (JE | WP GWP G

) A small town of eastern Rumelia, twenty-four miles from Philippopolis, containing a Jewish community of 1,700 in a total population...

  1. Abraham de Baze (JE | WP GWP G

) A prominent Jew in the principality of Orange, Burgundy, at the beginning of the sixteenth century. When the Jews were forced...

  1. Bdellium (JE | WP GWP G

) A precious stone mentioned in Gen. ii. 12 by the side of gold and the "shoham" stone as one of the chief products of Havilah...

  1. Be Abidan and Be Nazrefe (Be Nazrufe) (JE | WP GWP G

) Supposed names of two places where, according to the Talmud, disputations between Jews and non-Jews were held. The location...

  1. Be Rab (JE | WP GWP G

) A name which, in the Talmud, has various meanings and occurs in a variety of combinations. Its immediate signification, however...

  1. Earl of Beaconsfield (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See D387: Disraeli

  1. Baean, Bean (JE | WP GWP G

) A tribe destroyed by Judas Maccabeus (I Macc. v. 4; Josephus, "Ant." xii. 8, § 1) on account of its persistent attacks...

  1. Beans (JE | WP GWP G

) ("pol"): the well-known vegetable, mentioned twice in the Old Testament. In II Sam. xvii. 28 it is referred to as a foodstuff...

  1. Bear (JE | WP GWP G

) ("dob"): An animal often mentioned in the Old Testament, and evidently not rare in Palestine and Syria. Next to the lion...

  1. Beard (JE | WP GWP G

) the modern Oriental cultivates his Beard as the sign and ornament of manhood: he swears by his Beard, touching it. The sentiment...

  1. Beaucaire (JE | WP GWP G

) City in the department of Gard, France. A somewhat important Jewish community was founded here as early as the beginning of...

  1. Beaucroissant (JE | WP GWP G

) Community of the canton of Rives, arrondissement of St. Marcellin lsère, France, a locality inhabited by Jews in 1337...

  1. Beaugency (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See F288: France

  1. Eliezer Beaugency (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See E211: Eliezer of Beaugency

461 – 480[edit]

  1. The Beautiful in Jewish Literature (JE | WP GWP G

) to the speculative theory of the beautiful the Jews can not be said to have contributed fruitful thoughts. In the economy...

  1. Bebai (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of a family, of whom, according to Ezra ii. 11 and I Esd. v. 13, 623 returned with Zerubbabel. According to Neh. vii...

  1. Bebai (JE | WP GWP G

) the Palestinian and the Babylonian Talmudim, as also the Palestinian Midrashim, frequently cite an amora named Bebai, sometimes...

  1. Bebai b. Abaye JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A Babylonian scholar of the fourth and fifth amoraic generations (fourth century), son of the celebrated Abaye Nachmani...

  1. R Bebai b. Abba (JE | WP GWP G

) A Palestinian haggadist, of uncertain date and rarely cited, whose name appears also as "Bebai Rabbah," "Beba Raba," and "Beba...

  1. Ben Bebai (JE | WP GWP G

) A priestly family or gild having charge of the preparation of wicks for the Temple lamps (Shek. v. 1; Yer. She&#7731...

  1. Moses ben Judah Bebri (JE | WP GWP G

) Ambassador from the sultan Mohammed IV. to King Charles XI. of Sweden; died May 29, 1673, at Amsterdam, where he was buried...

  1. Becher (JE | WP GWP G

) 1. Son of Benjamin, mentioned in Gen. xlvi. 21 and in the genealogical list of I Chron. vii. 6, 8, but does not occur in the...

  1. Alfred Julius Becher (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian journalist, musician, and revolutionist; born at Manchester, England, in 1803 (or 1805); died at Vienna Nov. 23,...

  1. Siegfried Becher (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian economist; born at Plany, Bohemia, Feb. 28, 1806; died at Vienna March 4, 1873. He studied at the universities of...

  1. Wolf Becher (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician and medical author; born at Filehne, province of Posen, Prussia, May 6, 1862. He received his education at...

  1. Joseph Bechor Schor (JE | WP GWP G

) See Joseph ben Nathan Bekor Shor.

  1. Bechorath (JE | WP GWP G

) An ancestor of Saul, and son of Aphiah (I Sam. ix. 1).J. Jr. G. B. L. This...

  1. Adolf Beck JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian physician and professor of physiology at the University of Lemberg; born Jan. 1, 1863, in Cracow, Galicia, of poor...

  1. Jacob ben Enoch Beck (JE | WP GWP G

) Dayyan and shochet at Leipnik, Moravia, at the end of the eighteenth century and the beginning of the nineteenth He was...

  1. Karl Beck (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian poet; born May 1, 1817, at Baja, Hungary; died April 10, 1879, at Währing, a suburb of Vienna. Although of Jewish...

  1. Klinos Beck (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian singer; born in 1868 at Budapest, where he attended commercial schools. He received the elements of a thorough musical...

  1. Matthew Frederick Beck (JE | WP GWP G

) German Orientalist and divine; born May 22, 1649; died Feb. 2, 1701. He studied Oriental languages under Vossius in Jena,...

  1. Miksa Beck de Madaras (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian financier; born at Bács-Madaras, 1838. His parents settled at Budapest when he was still a child; and it was...

  1. Moritz Beck (JE | WP GWP G

) Rumanian editor and schooldirector; born at Papa, Hungary. He is the editor of a bimonthly called "Revista Israelita," and...

481 – 500[edit]

  1. Nándor Beck de Madaras (JE | WP GWP G

) President of the Hungarian Hypotheken-Bank; born 1840 at Bács-Madaras; a younger brother of Miksa Beck. He was educated...

  1. Bed (JE | WP GWP G

) in early as in later times the Bed of the poor was the bare ground, and the bedclothes the simple gown worn during the day...

  1. Bedad (JE | WP GWP G

) Father of Hadad, one of the early kings of Edom (Gen. xxxvi. 35, and corresponding list I Chron. i. 46).J. Jr. G. B. L. ...

  1. Bedan (JE | WP GWP G

) 1. A judge mentioned by Samuel in his farewell address (I Sam. xii. 11) among the judges that delivered Israel from their...

  1. Jedaiah Bedaresi (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A451: Bedersi

  1. Jassuda Bédarride (JE | WP GWP G

) French jurisconsult; born at Aix, in Provence, in 1804; died there Feb. 4, 1882. He studied law at the Aix University; and...

  1. Gustave Emanuel Bédarrides (JE | WP GWP G

) French magistrate; born at Aix-les-Bains Feb. 20, 1817; died at Paris June 5, 1899. Graduating from the University of Paris...

  1. Alfred H Beddington (JE | WP GWP G

) English communal worker; born 1835; died in London Jan. 23, 1900. He was connected with the management of several Jewish institutions...

  1. Edward Henry Beddington (JE | WP GWP G

) Euglish communal worker; born 1819; died Oct. 31, 1872 He was a member of the council of the United Synagogue and of the committees...

  1. Maurice Beddington (JE | WP GWP G

) English communal worker; born in 1821; died at Carshalton Sept. 9, 1898. Throughout his life he was identified with most of...

  1. Abraham ben Isaac Bedersi JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Provençal poet; born at Béziers (whence his surname "Bedersi"—native of Béziers). The dates of his birth...

  1. Jedaiah ben Abraham Bedersi JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Poet, physician, and philosopher; born at Béziers (whence his surname Bedersi) about 1270; died about 1340. His Proven&#231...

  1. Bedford (JE | WP GWP G

) Borough and capital of the county of Bedfordshire, England; situated on the River Ouse. The earliest notice of Jews at Bedford...

  1. Bedikah (JE | WP GWP G

) Term employed in the Talmud and ritual codes denoting the rigid scrutiny by meansof which the fitness or unfitness of a person...

  1. Bee (JE | WP GWP G

) A honey-gathering insect frequently referred to in the Bible. Bee-keeping dates very far back, and it is quite probable that...

  1. Theodore Johann Beelen (JE | WP GWP G

) Professor of Oriental languages at the Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium; born at Amsterdam at the beginning of the...

  1. Beeliada (JE | WP GWP G

) A son of David (I Chron. xiv. 7), who in II Sam. v. 16 and I Chron. iii. 8 is called "Eliada." This is due to an intentional...

  1. Beelzebub (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of a demon mentioned in the New Testament as chief of the demons (Matt. xii. 24-27; Mark iii. 22; Luke xi. 15-18). When...

  1. Beer (JE | WP GWP G

) A halting-place of the Israelites near Arnon, in Moab, where they stopped during their wanderings in the desert (Num. xxi...

  1. Aaron Beer (JE | WP GWP G

) Chief cantor of the Jewish congregation of Berlin; born 1738; died Jan. 3, 1821, in the fiftieth year of his official capacity...

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