Wikipedia:Jewish Encyclopedia topics/C1

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1 to 100[edit]

1 – 20[edit]

  1. Cabala S >> Kabbalah JE, Masseket Azilut JE 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) The specific term for the esoteric or mystic doctrine concerning God and the universe, asserted to have come down as

  1. De la Caballeria JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Marano family of Aragon, Spain, widely ramified, and influential through its wealth and scholarship, especially in Saragossa. The family descended ......

  1. Bonafos Caballeria JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Anti-Jewish writer of the fifteenth century; son of Solomon ibn Labi de la Caballeria of Saragossa; assumed the name of ......

  1. Cabret JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish translator; lived in Spain toward the end of the fourteenth century. The surname "Cabret" or "Cabrit," borne by several ......

  1. Cabul (Kabul) JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) A city on the boundary-line of Asher (Josh. xix. 27), identical with the modern Kabul (Buhl, "Geographie," p. 221). Josephus ......

  1. Caceres - our article is unrelated dab (JE | WP GWP G

) A family, members of which have lived in Portugal, Holland, England, Mexico, Surinam, the West Indies, and the United States. ......

  1. Cadenet JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Small village in the department of Vaucluse, France. Like all places situated along the river Durance, Cadenet had a Jewish ......

  1. Caecilius of Calacte (JE | WP GWP G

) Rhetorician, critic, and historian; flourished in the first century B.C. at Calacte, a town on the northern coast of Sicily. ......

  1. Caius Julius Caesar (JE | WP GWP G

) Roman dictator, consul, and conqueror; born July 12, 100 B.C. (according to Mommsen, 102 B.C.); assassinated March 15, 44 B.C.

  1. Caesarea S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Ancient city of Palestine; called in early times "Strato's Tower" (????????? ??????, Josephus, "Ant." xiii. 11, � 2; xiv. 4, ......

  1. Cage - our page is long dab, but it doesn't include JE's meaning (JE | WP GWP G

) A rendering for V03p489006.jpg in Jer. v. 27; but it is doubtful whether this translation is accurate. The Hebrew word ......

  1. Cagliari S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of the island of Sardinia. It had a Jewish community in early times. When a Christianized Jew named ......

  1. Abraham da Cagliari JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi at Cagliari, Sardinia, in the eighth century. He is mentioned by Antonio di Tharos, the historian of that epoch, ......

  1. Abraham Cahan S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian-American novelist and labor leader; born in Podberezhye, government of Wilna, July 7, 1860. His grandfather was a rabbi

  1. David Cahana S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See K17: Kahana

  1. Eliezer Cahana S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See K18: Kahana, Eliezer b. Reuben

  1. Jacob Abraham Cahana (JE | WP GWP G

) see Jacob ben Abraham Kahana

  1. Cahana (Rab) (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See K20: Rab Kahana

  1. Cahana ben Tachlifa (Cahana ben Tahlifa) (JE | WP GWP G

) see Kahana b. Tahlifa

  1. Albert Cahen JE (JE | WP GWP G

) French composer; born at Paris Jan. 8, 1846; a pupil of Cæsar Franck (composition) and Mme. Szarvady (pianoforte). He made

21 – 40[edit]

  1. Coralie Cahen (JE | WP GWP G

) French philanthropist; born at Nancy, 1832; died at Paris March 12, 1899; wife of Mayer Cahen, chief physician of the ......

  1. Isidore Cahen (JE | WP GWP G

) French scholar and journalist; born at Paris in 1826; died there March 6, 1902. After having brilliantly completed his education ......

  1. Samuel Cahen JE (JE | WP GWP G

) French Hebraist and journalist; born at Metz Aug. 4, 1796; died at Paris Jan. 8, 1862. He was brought up ......

  1. Arnold Cahn (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician; born at Worms April 11, 1858. After completing his course at the gymnasium, he studied medicine at the ......

  1. David Léon Cahun JE (JE | WP GWP G

) French Orientalist and writer; born June 23, 1841, at Haguenau, Alsace; died at Paris March 30, 1900. Cahun's family, which ......

  1. Caiaphas (JE | WP GWP G

) (καïάφας, a Greek word; in the Hebrew original, probably not V03p493001.jpg, but V03p493002.jpg; compare Mishnah Parah iii. 5; Derenbourg, "Essai ......

  1. Cain (JE | WP GWP G

) First-born of Adam and Eve, named "Cain" ("Ḳayin") because "gotten" (root, "ḳanah") "with the help of Yhwh." He became a ......

  1. Cainan JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See K32: Kainan

  1. Cairo (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See E67: Egypt

  1. Hayyim ben Joseph Calabrese (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H430: Vital, Ḥayyim

  1. Calabria S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See I369: Italy

  1. Calah S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of a city mentioned in Gen. x. 11 et seq., and forming with Nineveh, Re?oboth 'Ir, and Resen ......

  1. Calahora (Calahorra) (JE | WP GWP G

) A family of Spanish descent, resident in Cracow from the sixteenth century up to the present time, of which the ......

  1. Joseph Abraham ben Simchah Calamani (Joseph Abraham ben Simhah Calamani) (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian Talmudist; born at Venice in 1704. The surname "Calamani" is, according to Steinschneider, derived from the German "Kalman" or ......

  1. Calamus our article is disambig which doesn't mention JE's meaning (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the ingredients (Ex. xxx. 23) of the oil made specially for anointing the tabernacle (Ex. xxx. 26), its ......

  1. Calatayud (Calatal-Yehud) >> History of the Jews in Calatayud JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) City of Aragon, which had a large Jewish community as early as the reign of 'Abd al-Ra?man III. In 1882, ......

  1. Calatrava + (JE | WP GWP G

) Fortified city in the former province of La Mancha, in Castile. In 1146, when it was captured from the Moors ......

  1. Judah Calaz (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See K41: Kalaẓ, Judah

  1. Calcol (JE | WP GWP G

) A man famous for his wisdom, since the Biblical writer attests the wisdom of Solomon by saying that he surpassed

  1. Calcutta (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of Bengal, and seat of government of British India. The Jews of Calcutta now number about 2,150, of whom ......

41 – 60[edit]

  1. Caleb (JE | WP GWP G

) According to the Biblical text, Caleb was of the tribe of Judah. He represented that tribe among the twelve spies ......

  1. Calebites (JE | WP GWP G

) A branch of the Edomite clan of Kenaz (compare Judges i. 12 with Gen. xxxvi. 11, 15, 42) that, before ......

  1. History of the Jewish Calendar (JE | WP GWP G

) The history of the Jewish calendar may be divided into three periods—the Biblical, the Talmudic, and the post-Talmudic. The first ......

  1. Jewish Calendar JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) A systematic arrangement of the days of the year. The Jewish calendar reckons the days from evening to evening, in ......

  1. Golden Calf S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) A portable image overlaid with gold, made by Aaron at Mount Sinai (Ex. xxxii.). As the text stands, it narrates ......

  1. Calf-Worship (JE | WP GWP G

) Among the Hebrews, as among the other agricultural Semites, the bull was associated with deity in a sacred character (see ......

  1. California >> History of the Jews in California (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the United States of America on the Pacific coast. There exists no authenticated record of the activities of ......

  1. Califs (Caliph) (JE | WP GWP G

) The attitude of the first Mohammedan rulers toward their Jewish subjects was as much regulated by circumstances as had been ......

  1. Caligula (JE | WP GWP G

) Third emperor of Rome; born Aug. 31, 12 C.E. ; assassinated at Rome Jan. 24, 41. He soon displayed the ......

  1. Baruch Calimani (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian publisher; lived in the second half of the sixteenth and at the beginning of the seventeenth century at Venice. ......

  1. Simchah Simon ben Abraham Calimani (Simhah Simon ben Abraham Calimani) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Venetian rabbi and author; died at Venice Aug. 2, 1784. He was a versatile writer, and equally prominent as linguist, ......

  1. Calitas (JE | WP GWP G

) Levite who had married a foreign wife, but, at the solicitation of Ezra, repudiated her (I Esd. ix. 23). ......

  1. Calixtus II (Guido of Burgandy) S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) One hundred and sixty-seventh pope (1119-24); born at Quigney, near Besan�on, France; died at Rome Dec. 12, 1124. His attitude ......

  1. Johann Heinrich Callenberg JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Professor of theology and philology, and promoter of conversionist enterprise among the Jews; born of peasant parents at Molschleben Jan. ......

  1. Calling Up (Aliyah) (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A1239: Aliyah

  1. Callirrhoe - our article is a dab which doesn't mention JE's meaning (JE | WP GWP G

) Hot springs on the western side of the Dead Sea, near the Zerka Maim (Buhl, "Geographie des Alten Palästina," p. ......

  1. Callisthenes JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) A Syrian who was believed to have been concerned in the burning of the gates of the Temple during the ......

  1. Marie Calm JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German authoress and advocate of women's suffrage; born at Arolsen, Germany, April 3, 1832; died at Cassel, Germany, Feb. 22, ......

  1. Jacob Jacques Calmanson (Jacob Calmanson) (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P401: Poland

  1. Liefmann Calmer JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Baron of Picquigny, an important personage in French Jewry of the eighteenth century; born in Aurich, Hanover, in 1711; died ......

61 – 80[edit]

  1. Augustin Calmet S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) French Catholic theologian, historian, and Biblical scholar; born 1672 at Mesnil-la-Horgne in Lorraine; died 1757 in Paris. In 1688 he

  1. Calneh REF:JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) City, mentioned together with Babylon, Erech, and Accad as forming part of the Babylonian kingdom of Nimrod (Gen. x. ......

  1. Samuel ben Moses Calñi (JE | WP GWP G

) Turkish rabbi of the fifteenth century; born at Arta in the Morea. Calñi is the author of responsa entitled "Mishpeṭe ......

  1. Calno (JE | WP GWP G

) A city mentioned with Hamath and Samaria, and compared to Carchemish (Isa. x. 9). Its identity is doubtful. It is ......

  1. Calumny (Lashon hara) (JE | WP GWP G

) Evil-speaking; a sin regarded with intense aversion both in the Bible and in rabbinical literature. The technical term for it ......

  1. Thomas Calvert (JE | WP GWP G

) English Hebrew scholar; born 1606; died at York March, 1679. He wrote "The Blessed Jew of Morocco" (York, 1648), an ......

  1. Emanuel Calvo JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian physician and Neo-Hebraic poet; born at Salonica toward the end of the seventeenth century; died before 1772. In early ......

  1. Casper Calvör (JE | WP GWP G

) Lutheran theologian; born Nov. 8, 1650, at Hildesheim, Prussia; died at Clausthal May 11, 1725. He became master of arts ......

  1. Meïr Calw (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See M346: Meïr Calw

  1. Cambridge S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) University town of England, and one of the earliest English towns inhabited by Jews. Fuller ("History of Cambridge," p. 8) ......

  1. Camel (JE | WP GWP G

) The well-known ruminant, native in Asia and Africa. The word "camel" (Hebrew, V03p520001.jpg, gamal) is the same in the Assyrian, ......

  1. Camondo S 2007-03-04 >> Abraham Salomon Camondo JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Well-known family of Jewish financiers and philanthropists of Spanish-Portuguese origin. Several centuries ago it established itself at Venice, where some ......

  1. Camp S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) A collection of tents (Judges vii. 13), or booths and huts (Neh. viii. 14), pitched or erected to give shelter ......

  1. Campanator (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S377: Schulklopfer

  1. Isaac ben Jacob Campanton JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish rabbi; born 1360; died at Penafeel in 1463. He lived in the period darkened by the outrages of Ferran ......

  1. John van Campen JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Christian professor of Hebrew at Louvain and Cracow; died at Freiburg in Breisgau Sept. 6, 1538. He compiled a Hebrew ......

  1. Camphire (JE | WP GWP G

) A shrub growing to a height of between eight and ten feet, and bearing cream-colored and very fragrant flowers. The ......

  1. Canaan (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of the son of Ham, and a brother of Cush (Ethiopia), Mizriam (Egypt), and Put (Phut), occurring in the

  1. Canaanites (JE | WP GWP G

) The expressions "Canaan" and "Canaanite" (V03p524004.jpg) are applied in the Old Testament sometimes to the collective non-Israelitish population west of ......

  1. Canada >> History of the Jews in Canada JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) A federation of provinces in British North America. The earliest authentic records of the Jews in Canada go back to

81 – 100[edit]

  1. Canaim of Cagliari (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian archeologist of the eighth century, of whom nothing is known except that, like his contemporary towns-man Abraham di Cagliari, ......

  1. Cancellation of documents (JE | WP GWP G

) An instrument in writing may be canceled by cross-lines or by other marks obliterating it, or by burning or tearing ......

  1. Cancer S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) A malignant growth of new tissue; usually in the form of a tumor. Whether removed or not, it tends to ......

  1. Candia S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C886: Crete.

  1. Isaac ben Saul Chmelniker Candia JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Hebrew poet; lived at Warsaw, Poland, in the first half of the nineteenth century. He is the author of an ......

  1. Candle tax (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See T93: Taxation.

  1. Candlestick (JE | WP GWP G

) Mentioned as a secular object only in II Kings iv. 10. The candlestick in the Temple, however, is frequently referred ......

  1. Abraham Levi Caniso (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B315: Barrios, Daniel Levi (Miguel) de.

  1. Jacob Canizal (JE | WP GWP G

) Flourished probably in the fifteenth century. He was the author of notes on Rashi's commentary to the Pentateuch, which were ......

  1. Cankerworm S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L512: Locust

  1. Canneh (JE | WP GWP G

) A city mentioned in the long list of the contributors to Tyrian greatness and commercial power (Ezek. xxvii. 23).

  1. Canon S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) A rule for the inclusion of certain books within a certain degree of sanctity; hence also the word "canonical." See ......

  1. Bridal canopy (Chuppah) (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H973: Ḥuppah.

  1. Cansino JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish-Jewish family, famous in history for its wealth and influence, its scholars and poets.Jacob Cansino I. served as an interpreter ......

  1. Abraham ben Jacob Cansino JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Poet; lived in the seventeenth century. He is the author of "Aguddat Ezob" (A Bunch of Hyssop), a collection of ......

  1. Isaac ben Chayyim Cansino (Isaac Cansino) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Poet and prominent member of the Jewish community of Oran; died in 1672; probably a brother of Jacob Cansino II. ......

  1. Jacob Cansino JE (JE | WP GWP G

) "Vassal of his Catholic majesty and interpreter of languages in the places of Oran" (so styled by himself); died Sept. ......

  1. Karl Friedrich Canstatt JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician and medical author; born at Regensburg July 11, 1807; died at Erlangen March 10, 1850. He was one ......

  1. Cantarini (JE | WP GWP G

) A distinguished family of Italian Jews tracing their descent from Gherescion (Grassin) Cantarini, who, when one year old, was driven ......

  1. Azriel ben Samuel ha-Kohen Cantarini (Azriel Angelo ben Samuel Simon ha-Kohen Cantarini) (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian rabbi; born 1577 at Padua; died there 1653. He was rabbi and preacher in his native city, and directed ......

101 to 200[edit]

101 – 120[edit]

  1. Chayyim Moses Angelo ben Isaiah Azriel Cantarini (Hayyim Moses Angelo ben Isaiah Azriel) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian physician, rabbi, poet, and writer; lived in the second half of the seventeenth and the first half of the ......

  1. Isaac Chayyim Cantarini (Isaac Hayyim Cantarini) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian poet, writer, physician, and rabbi; born Feb. 2, 1644, at Padua; died there June 8, 1723. He studied Hebrew ......

  1. Judah ben Samuel ha-Kohen Cantarini JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian physician and rabbi; born about 1650 at Padua; died there April 28, 1694. He had a large practise among ......

  1. Kalonymus Aaron ben Samuel ha-Kohen Cantarini (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian physician; born in 1593 at Padua; died there July 30, 1631, of the plague. He was famous as a ......

  1. Samuel ben Gerson ha-Kohen Cantarini (JE | WP GWP G

) Official procurator of the Jewish community of Padua; born about 1561; died 1631 during the plague, to which also two ......

  1. Canterbury S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Large town in Kent, England, containing the metropolitan cathedral. Jews were settled here in the twelfth century. They seem to ......

  1. Cantheras (JE | WP GWP G

) Surname of Simon, the son of Boethus, the high priest, according to Josephus "Ant." xix. 6, §§ 2, 4; compare ......

  1. Book of Canticles S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) - dont delete yet, redirected to Song of Soloman, but needs to be checked if it's the same

  1. Cantillation S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Mode of intonation used in public recital of prayers and Holy Scripture. The infinite gradations of tone in ordinary speech ......

  1. Isaac Berechiah Canton (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian Talmudist; flourished about the middle of the eighteenth century in Turin, in which city he established a yeshibah. He ......

  1. Lelio Cantoni JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian rabbi; born in 1802 at Gazzuolo (dukedom of Mantua); died in 1857 at Turin. In 1829 he went ......

  1. Cantonists S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Sons of Russian private soldiers who from 1805 to 1827 were educated in special "canton schools" for future military service; ......

  1. Cantor (Hazzan) S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H458: Ḥazzan

  1. Georg Cantor S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) German mathematician; born at St. Petersburg, Russia, March 3, 1845. He is distantly related to Moritz Cantor. He was only ......

  1. Jacob A. Cantor (Jacob Cantor) (JE | WP GWP G

) American lawyer and politician; born in New York city Dec. 6, 1854; grandson of Agil Hanau, cantor of Dukes Place ......

  1. Moritz Cantor S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) German historian of mathematics; born at Mannheim, Germany, on Aug. 23, 1829. He comes of a family that emigrated to ......

  1. Joshua dei Cantori JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Assailant of the Talmud at Cremona in 1559. According to Steinschneider, he belonged to the family Cantarini (V03p552001.jpg). In consequence ......

  1. Abraham Capadoce JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Convert to Christianity; born at Amsterdam 1795; died there Dec. 16, 1874. His parents, who were Portuguese Jews, gave him ......

  1. Joseph Çapateiro JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Portuguese traveler of the fifteenth century. After a so-journ in Bagdad, he returned to Lisbon to present a report to ......

  1. Cape Town S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S988: South Africa

121 – 140[edit]

  1. Jean-Baptiste Honoré-Raymond Capefigue (JE | WP GWP G

) French Christian publicist and historian; born at Marseilles 1802; died at Paris Dec. 23, 1872. Among many historical works, Capefigue ......

  1. Caper-berry REF:JE (JE | WP GWP G

) The feminine "abiyyonah" does not express "desire," but "the desiring thing," sc. "soul" [so Ḳimḥi]. The Septuagint, Vulgate, Peshiṭta, and ......

  1. Capernaum S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Small town by the Lake of Gennesaret, mentioned in the Gospels as the home of Jesus, where he resided after ......

  1. Capestang (JE | WP GWP G

) Village in the department of Hérault, near Béziers, France. Several official documents testify to the presence of many Jews there ......

  1. Caphar-Salama (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See K160: Kefar-Salama

  1. Caphtor S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Original country of the Philistines before their emigration into Palestine, whence their name, "Caphtorim" (Deut. ii. 23; Amos ix. 7; ......

  1. John of Capistrano S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Franciscan monk; born at Capistrano, Italy, 1386; died 1456. Owing to his remarkable power as a popular preacher, he was ......

  1. Capital Punishment (JE | WP GWP G

) Warrants for the infliction of capital punishment, as opposed to private retribution or vengeance, are found in the Pentateuchal codes ......

  1. Wolfgang Fabricius Capito S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) German Hebrew scholar; born at Hagenau, Alsace, in 1478; died Nov., 1541. In 1515 he was appointed professor of theology ......

  1. Cappadocia S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Ancient province of Asia Minor. It was known to the Jews in its Greek form also, and is often mentioned ......

  1. Louis Cappel (Ludovicus Cappellus) S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Christian theologian and Hebrew scholar; descended from an old aristocratic French Hugue-not family; born Oct. 15, 1585; died June 18, ......

  1. Capsali >> Moses Capsali JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Family of scholars in European Turkey during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, which came originally from Greece, where a certain ......

  1. Captain S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) One at the head of, and in command over, others; a chief or officer; the head man of a clan; ......

  1. Captives (JE | WP GWP G

) The Bible makes no provision for the treatment of captives taken in war. Captives were considered as slaves, and as ......

  1. Captivity S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) By "exile" is meant any form of forced emigration in which the selection of his new habitation is left to ......

  1. Princes of Captivity S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See E548: Exilarch

  1. John of Capua JE (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J372: John of Capua

  1. Carabajal >> Francisca Nuñez de Carabajal JE, Luis de Carabajal y Cueva JE, Luis de Carabajal the younger JE (JE | WP GWP G

) The name of a family of Maranos in Mexico at the end of the sixteenth century and the beginning ......

  1. Caracalla S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Roman emperor (211-217); son of Septimius Severus. It is said that as a boy of seven he had a Jewish ......

  1. Caracas S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S990: South America

141 – 160[edit]

  1. David Samuel Carasso JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Jewish traveler; born at Salonica, Turkey. On the occasion of a business trip to Yemen, Arabia, in 1874, he studied ......

  1. Caravan S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) A convoy of travelers or merchandise. As the commerce of the Israelites was chiefly inland trade, products from regions that ......

  1. Victor of Carben JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Jewish convert; lived at Cologne (1442-1515). Like most converts, Victor endeavored to show his zeal for his new religion by ......

  1. Carcas (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the seven chamberlains serving Ahasuerus and ordered by him to bring Queen Vashti into the royal presence (Esth. ......

  1. Carcass (JE | WP GWP G

) The carcass of a clean animal that had not been properly slaughtered, or that of an unclean animal of the ......

  1. Carcassonne S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the department of Aude, France; the Carcaso or Carcassio of the Romans. It is variously transcribed in Hebrew ......

  1. Adolphe Joseph Carcassonne JE (JE | WP GWP G

) French poet; born at Marseilles, 1826; died Sept. 22, 1891. His principal works are: (1) "Premières Lueurs," a selection of ......

  1. David Carcassonne JE (JE | WP GWP G

) French physician; born Dec. 20, 1789, at Remoulins, a small town in the Gard department, France; died Nov. 15, 1861, ......

  1. Léon Carcassonne JE (JE | WP GWP G

) French physician, municipal councilor, and member of the Academy of Nîmes. Son of David Carcassonne; died at Marseilles May 7,

  1. Carchemish S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) City of northern Syria, on the Euphrates. Its importance seems to have been based on its situation at the end ......

  1. Card-Playing (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See G59: See Games

  1. Judah ben Isaac Cardinal (Cardineal) JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Translator; lived at the end of the twelfth century and the beginning of the thirteenth, probably in southern France. At ......

  1. Cardinal Virtues need to incorporate JE's content (JE | WP GWP G

) Virtues regarded as fundamental, and under which, as heads, all others may be arranged. The term "cardinal virtues" is first ......

  1. Elijah Aboab Cardoso JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Philanthropist and founder of the Hamburg synagogue; lived in that city in the first half of the seventeenth century. He ......

  1. Isaac Cardoso JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Physician, philosopher, and polemic writer; born of Marano parents at Celorico in the province Beira, Portugal, before 1615; died at ......

  1. Miguel Cardoso JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Shabbethaian prophet and physician; born in Spain about 1630; died at Cairo 1706. He was a descendant of the Maranos ......

  1. Don Aaron Cardoza JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Consul for Tunis and Algiers at Gibraltar about 1805. He was a descendant of a Portuguese-Jewish family. Cardoza promoted the ......

  1. Cardozo S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) American Sephardic family, doubtless connected with the Cardozos of Amsterdam and London, though the connection has not been made out. ......

  1. David de Jahacob Lopez Cardozo JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Dutch Talmudist and prominent communal worker; born in Amsterdam, Holland, May 21, 1808; died there April 11, 1890. He was ......

  1. Carians not clear if our article is about same people (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C426: Cherethites

161 – 180[edit]

  1. Isaac Carillo (JE | WP GWP G

) Lived in Amsterdam in the latter part of the seventeenth century; member of the Academia de los Floridos, founded by ......

  1. Carinthia need to incorporate JE's content (possibly in separate article) (JE | WP GWP G

) A crownland of Austria. It has but a small number of Jews, whose ancestors, with the Jews of the neighboring ......

  1. Carites (JE | WP GWP G

) People mentioned in II Kings xi. 4, 19. The Kari (R. V., "Carites"; margin, "executioners", A. V., "captains") are mentioned ......

  1. David Cohen Carlos (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish writer; lived at Hamburg in the first half of the seventeenth century. He translated into Spanish the Song of ......

  1. Carlsruhe (Germany) S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See K118: Karlsruhe

  1. Carlstadt (Croatia) S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See K119: Karlstadt

  1. Carmanians (JE | WP GWP G

) A people mentioned in II Esd. xv. 30. The Carmanians are represented as joining battle with the "nations of the ......

  1. Carmel S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) The title of a German and a Hungarian Jewish weekly. See Periodicals. ......

  1. Mount Carmel S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) A well-known mountain ridge in Palestine; V03p578001.jpg ("the garden" or "garden land," with the definite article) is usually given in ......

  1. Carmi S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) 1. A son of Reuben who came to Egypt with Jacob (Gen. xlvi. 9; Ex. vi. 14; I Chron. v. ......

  1. Carmi S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Title of a small Hebrew review, published for some months in 1882 at Adrianople, under the editorship of Baruch Mitrani.Bibliography: ......

  1. Carmi S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See K122: Karmi

  1. Mordecai ben Abraham Carmi Crémieux (Mordecai ben Abraham Carmi) (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C173: Crémieux, Mordecai b. Abraham

  1. Eliakim Carmoly JE (JE | WP GWP G

) French scholar; born at Sulz (then in the French department of the Upper Rhine) August 5, 1802; died at Frankfort-on-the-Main ......

  1. Isaachar Bär ben Judah Carmoly JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Alsatian rabbi; born at Ribeauville, Alsace, Sept. 15, 1735; died at Sulz May, 1781. At the age of ten he ......

  1. Carmona (JE | WP GWP G

) City in the archbishopric of Seville, Spain, where Jews resided in very early times. In an old "Fuero de Carmona" ......

  1. Carmona (JE | WP GWP G

) A family of Jewish financiers prominent in Turkey at the beginning of the nineteenth century. It is of Spanish ......

  1. Carnabat (JE | WP GWP G

) Town of eastern Rumelia or southern Bulgaria. According to tradition, Jews first established themselves at Carnabat about 1580; but the ......

  1. Carniola (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L19: Laibach

  1. Carnival (JE | WP GWP G

) Among the Romans, a period of gaiety during the weeks before Lent, in which the Jews were made to play ......

181 – 200[edit]

  1. Abraham ben Raphael Caro JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Turkish rabbi; flourished at Adrianople in the first half of the eighteenth century. He was a descendant of R. Joseph ......

  1. Aryeh Löb ben Chayyim Caro (Aryeh Löb ben Hayyim Caro) (JE | WP GWP G

) Preacher at Posen in the second half of the eighteenth century. He was the author of a work, "El ha-Millu'im" ......

  1. David Caro JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Prussian pedagogue; born about 1782 at Fordon, grand duchy of Posen; died Dec. 25, 1839, at Posen. He belonged to ......

  1. Ezekiel Caro (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi and historian; born Nov. 26, 1844, at Pinne, near Posen; son of the exegete and homiletic writer Joseph ......

  1. Georg Martin Caro (JE | WP GWP G

) Lecturer on history at the University of Zurich, Switzerland; born Nov. 28, 1867, at Glogau, Prussia. Caro received his education ......

  1. Isaac ben Joseph Caro JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish Talmudist and Bible commentator; flourished in the second half of the fifteenth century and the first half of the ......

  1. Jacob Caro JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German historian; born at Gnesen, province of Posen, Prussia, Feb. 2, 1836; son of Joseph Ḥayyim Caro. After several years ......

  1. Joseph Caro (Joseph ben Ephraim Caro) S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) The last great codifier of rabbinical Judaism, born in Spain or Portugal in 1488; died at Safed, Palestine, March 24, ......

  1. Joseph Chayyim ben Isaac Selig Caro (Joseph Hayyim ben Isaac Selig Caro) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German-Russian rabbi; born 1800; died in Wloclawek, government of Warsaw, April 21, 1895. He was educated as an Orthodox Talmudist, ......

  1. Carpentras (JE | WP GWP G

) Chief town of the arrondissement of that name in the department of Vaucluse, France. Jews settled at Carpentras at a ......

  1. Judah ben Tzebi Carpentrasi (Judah ben Zebi Carpentrasi) (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C191: Judah b. Ẓebi Hirsch of Carpentras

  1. Leone Carpi JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian political economist; born 1820 at Bologna, Italy. He was the first deputy elected to the Italian Parliament by the ......

  1. Solomon Joseph ben Nathan Carpi (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian writer; born Dec. 27, 1715; lived at Leghorn. He engaged in the controversy with regard to Ḥayyon's book on ......

  1. Zachariah Carpi JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian revolutionist; born at Revere in the second half of the eighteenth century. After the French Revolution he appears to ......

  1. Johann Benedict Carpzov II JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) German Christian theologian and Hebraist; born 1639; died 1699. He was a member of a family which, like the Buxtorfs, ......

  1. Johann Gottlob Carpzov JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German Christian Old Testament scholar; born Sept. 26, 1679, in Dresden; died April 27, 1767, at Lübeck; nephew of Johann ......

  1. Carrasco JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Apologist; born at Madrid about 1670, of Marano parentage. At first an Augustin friar at Burgos and an excellent preacher, ......

  1. Chayyim Moses ben Abraham Carregal (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi and editor; flourished in Palestine at the beginning of the eighteenth century, but lived in Holland for a time, ......

  1. Raphael Chayyim Isaac Carregal (Caregal, Carigal, Carrigal, Karigal, Karigel, Karigol, Kargol, Kragol) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Itinerant rabbi and preacher; born in Hebron, Palestine, Oct. 15, 1733; died at Barbados, West Indies, May 5, 1777. He ......

  1. Ludovicus Carretus JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Convert to Christianity; lived at Florence in the middle of the sixteenth century. He was a native of France and ......

201 to 300[edit]

201 – 220[edit]

  1. Carriage S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C370: Chariot

  1. Carriera (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See G210: Ghetto

  1. Carrion de los Condes JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Ancient city of Castile inhabited by Jews at an early date. Although superior to the Christians both in numbers and ......

  1. Santob de Carrion (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C204: Santob de Carrion

  1. Carsono, Corsono JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish astronomer of the fourteenth century. He was commissioned by King Pedro IV. of Aragon to translate from Catalonian ......

  1. Cart S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) A translation of V03p593001.jpg ('agalah). The cart was generally drawn by two oxen, or sometimes by cows, harnessed with cords ......

  1. Cartagena S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Ancient city on the eastern coast of the Spanish province of Murcia, referred to in the Talmud. The Cartagena mentioned ......

  1. Carthage S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Ancient city and republic in northern Africa; of special interest to Jews on account of the Phenico-Semitic origin of its ......

  1. Carthagena S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S990: South America.

  1. Don Alfonso de Carthagena JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Convert to Christianity; son of Paul of Burgos; diedat Burgos in 1456. He was baptized when quite young by his ......

  1. Cartography S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C378: Chartography

  1. Antonio Fernandez Carvajal JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Portuguese merchant, and first endenizened English Jew; born about 1590, probably at Fund�o, Portugal; died in London Nov. 10, 1659. ......

  1. Mordecai Baruch Carvalho (Mordecai Baruch Carvallo) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A wealthy Tunisian merchant; died Jan., 1785, at an advanced age. He devoted part of his time to rabbinical studies, ......

  1. Jules Carvallo JE (JE | WP GWP G

) French engineer; born at Talence, Gironde, France, in 1820. After having graduated with the highest honors at the Ecole Polytechnique ......

  1. Casablanca S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Port of Morocco, Africa, on the Atlantic ocean. The Jewish community, numbering 6,000, in a total population of 20,000 inhabitants, ......

  1. Casal Maggiore (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in Italy, about twenty-two miles east-southeast of Cremona. In Sept., 1485, Joshua Solomon and Moses, sons of Israel Nathan ......

  1. Case JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the foremost Polish rabbis and Talmudists of the end of the sixteenth century and the beginning of the ......

  1. Cases DAB (JE | WP GWP G

) Jewish Italian family that included among its members rabbis, physicians, and scholars. The more numerous branch of the family lived ......

  1. Michael Cashmore UNR (JE | WP GWP G

) Australian communal worker; born in 1814; died at South Melbourne Oct. 17, 1886. He was one of the oldest colonists ......

  1. Casimir II the Just S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) King of Poland; born 1138; ascended the throne on the deposition of his brother Mieczyslaw III., 1177; died 1194. He ......

221 – 240[edit]

  1. Casimir III the Great S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) King of Poland; born 1309; succeeded 1333; died in Cracow Nov. 5, 1370. He was a peaceful ruler, and, ......

  1. Casimir IV Jagellon S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Grand duke of Lithuania and king of Poland; born 1427; died at Grodno 1492. He succeeded to the grand duchy ......

  1. Casiphia (JE | WP GWP G

) The residence of the Nethinim, who were under the leadership of Iddo (Ezra viii. 17). Ezra sent them a message ......

  1. Caslari JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of a family originally from Caylar (Latin, "Castalarium"), a village in the department of Hérault, France. A rather important ......

  1. Abraham ben David Caslari JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Physician; lived at Besalu, Catalonia, in the first half of the fourteenth century. Caslari was considered one of the most ......

  1. Crescas Caslari (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C227: Crescas Vidal De Caslari.

  1. Israel ben Joseph Halevi Caslari JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Physician and poet, lived at Avignon in 1327. He was the author of a liturgic poem for Purim, beginning with ......

  1. Joshua Caslari JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Liturgical poet; lived at Avignon about 1540. He wrote four elegies which are inserted in the manuscript Maḥzor of Avignon; ......

  1. Casluhim JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) According to Gen. x. 14 (= I Chron. i. 12), the Casluhim are sons of Mizraim; i.e., a part or ......

  1. Charles Paul Caspari (JE | WP GWP G

) German Semite and Biblical scholar; born at Dessau 1814; died 1892. His parents were Jews, and he was reared in ......

  1. Joseph ben Abba Mari ben Joseph ben Jacob Caspi (JE | WP GWP G

) Provençal exegete, grammarian, and philosopher; born in 1297 at Largentière, whence his surname "Caspi" (= made of silver); died at ......

  1. Nathanael ben Nehemiah Caspi JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Provençal scholar; lived at the end of the fourteenth century and at the beginning of the fifteenth. He was a ......

  1. Cassel (JE | WP GWP G

) City in the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau. There was a persecution of the Jews at Wolfshagen, near Cassel, during the ......

  1. David Cassel JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) German historian and theologian; born March 7, 1818, at Gross-Glogau, Silesia, Prussia, where he graduated from the gymnasium; died Jan.

  1. Hartwig Cassel JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Journalist and chess editor; born Nov. 2, 1850, at Konitz, West Prussia, where his father, Dr. Aaron Cassel, was rabbi. ......

  1. Jacob Cassel (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician; born at Schwerin-on-the-Warta, province of Posen, Prussia, May 25, 1859. He was educated at the universities of Berlin ......

  1. Paulus Stephanus Cassel JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Convert to Christianity and missionary to the Jews; born Feb. 27, 1821, in Gross-Glogau, Silesia; died Dec. 23, 1892, in ......

  1. Cassia our article is about a plant (JE | WP GWP G

) The term given as the translation for "ḳiddah" (Ex. xxx. 24; Ezek. xxvii. 19) and "ḳeẓi'ot" (Ps. xlv. 9). Ancient ......

  1. Cassius Longinus (JE | WP GWP G

) Questor of Crassus in Syria in 53 B.C. After the unfortunate battle of Carrhæ, Syria, he became independent governor of ......

  1. Judah Cassuto JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Ḥazan of the Portuguese-Jewish community of Hamburg; born in Amsterdam 1808; died at Hamburg March 10, 1893. In 1827 he ......

241 – 260[edit]

  1. Abraham Castanho JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish poet; lived at Amsterdam in the middle of the seventeenth century. He was the author of an elegy on ......

  1. Samuel di Castel d’Ajano (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian physician and philosopher; lived at Mantua in the sixteenth century. A philosophical work of his on the articles of ......

  1. Joel Rodrigo Castel-Branco JE (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J577: Juan Rodrigo

  1. Castel-Sarassin (JE | WP GWP G

) Chief town of the department of Tarn-et-Garonne, France. A somewhat important Jewish community existed here in the Middle Ages. When ......

  1. Castellaccio da Asola (JE | WP GWP G

) Locality near Mantua, Italy, where there was a great slaughter of Jews in 1547. Gershon Cantarini, the ancestor of the ......

  1. Castellazzo JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian-Jewish family which settled at the beginning of the sixteenth century in Cairo, where several members occupied the rabbinate with ......

  1. David Castelli JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian scholar; born at Leghorn, Tuscany, Dec. 30, 1836; died 1901. He was educated at the rabbinical college of Leghorn, ......

  1. Abraham Isaac Castello (Abraham Isaac Castilho) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi, preacher, and poet; born at Ancona 1726; died at Leghorn Aug. 1, 1789. At the age of thirteen he ......

  1. Jacob Castello (Jacob Castelo) JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Poet at Amsterdam; died after 1684. He was a member of several academies of poetry in his native city, and ......

  1. Joseph Castello (Jospeh Castilho) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Physician; born at Leghorn about 1746; son of Abraham Isaac. After studying medicine at Pisa, he returned to his native ......

  1. Castellon de la Plana S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) City of Valencia. In 1320 the Jews of Castellon obtained permission to lay out a cemetery; and in 1432 to ......

  1. Samuel di Castelnuovo JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Secretary of the Jewish community of Rome; lived at the end of the sixteenth century and at the beginning of ......

  1. Castles S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See D205: 205

  1. Adolf de Castro JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish historian; member of the Academia de la Historia of Madrid; lived in Cadiz; died there Oct., 1898. He wrote ......

  1. De Castro family JE >> Isaac Orobio de Castro JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) The various branches of this family are all of Spanish and Portuguese origin. Soon after the establishment of the Inquisition, ......

  1. Jacob de Castro Sarmento JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Physician, naturalist, and poet; born about 1691 in Bragança, Portugal; died at London in 1761. At the age of seventeen ......

  1. David ben Abraham Castro Tartas (JE | WP GWP G

) Printer in Amsterdam from 1663 to 1695, and publisher of a number of rabbinical writings, including prayer-books and ritualistic works, ......

  1. Isaac de Castro Tartas JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Marano and martyr; born at Tartas, Gascony, about 1623; died at Lisbon Dec. 15 (22), 1647. He was a brother ......

  1. Castrojeriz (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in southern Castile, 18 miles west of Burgos. Jews lived there as early as the period of the Moorish ......

  1. Casuistry (Pilpul) (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L148: Legalism

261 – 280[edit]

  1. Cat (JE | WP GWP G

) There is no reference to the cat in the Old Testament, the domestication of that animal being later than the ......

  1. Catacombs (JE | WP GWP G

) Underground galleries with excavations in their sides for tombs or in which human bones are stacked. The term is derived ......

  1. Abraham Catalan (JE | WP GWP G

) Well-known Talmudist of the seventeenth century. He and his son, Abraham Catalan, and his brother, Elijah Catalan, were contemporaneous with ......

  1. Abraham Catalan (Abraham Catalano) (JE | WP GWP G

) Physician in Padua; died 1642. He is the author of "'Olam Hafuk," an unpublished manuscript treatise on the plague of ......

  1. Abraham Solomon ben Isaac ben Samuel Catalan JE (JE | WP GWP G

) born in Catalonia; died 1492; author of a work treating of the eternity of the world, Providence, prophecy, immortality, and ......

  1. Gerson ben Solomon Catalan JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Author; lived at Arles in the middle of the thirteenth century; died (possibly) at Perpignan toward the end of the ......

  1. Moses Chayyim Catalan (Moses Hayyim Catalan) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian poet; born in Padua; son of the physician Abraham Catalan. He was rabbi in his native town, and died ......

  1. Solomon Catalan (JE | WP GWP G

) Probably a grandson of Gerson b. Solomon Catalan. He was rabbi in the city of Coimbra in 1360.Bibliography: Kayserling, Gesch. ......

  1. Catalogues of Hebrew Books (JE | WP GWP G

) These were of frequent use among the Jews in the Middle Ages. Judah ibn Tibbon (about 1200) speaks in loving ......

  1. Catalonia >> History of the Jews in Catalonia (JE | WP GWP G

) Duchy of Aragon in the north-west of Spain. Jews settled in Catalonia (which included originally the county of Barcelona; the ......

  1. Shemariah Catarivas JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Talmudic writer of the eighteenth century. He was originally from Tiberias, and went to Tunis in 1750 as alms-collector, settling ......

  1. Catechisms (JE | WP GWP G

) Manuals for religious instruction. The name as well as the form of Jewish catechisms has been adopted from the Christian ......

  1. House of Catechumens (JE | WP GWP G

) A Roman institution for converting Jews to Catholicism, which the Jews, by means of taxes, were compelled to support. The ......

  1. Category S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) A term introduced by Aristotle into the philosophical vocabulary, signifying "attribute," "predicate." According to him every word containedin a proposition ......

  1. Catherine II S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Empress of Russia; born in Stettin May 2, 1729; died in St. Petersburg Nov. 17, 1796. She was the wife ......

  1. Cathua (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of a family of Nethinim returning from Babylon with Zerubbabel (I Esd. v. 30). In the order of enumeration ......

  1. Carlo Cattaneo S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian Christian jurisconsult; born in Milan June 15, 1801; died at Castagnole, near Lugano, Feb. 5, 1869. Although Cattaneo was ......

  1. Cattle (JE | WP GWP G

) Term used to denote all domestic animals, the principal possession of nomadic and pastoral peoples.Cattle were very important in the ......

  1. Caucasus >> History of the Jews in the Caucasus (JE | WP GWP G

) A division of Russia, bounded on the north by European Russia; on the east by the Caspian sea; on the ......

  1. Caul (JE | WP GWP G

) Nowadays applied to the membrane surrounding the human fetus; used also in other senses. In the Bible:1. A rendering of ......

281 – 300[edit]

  1. Caution S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Warning given to witnesses before testimony. Neither Biblical nor rabbinical law requires a witness to confirm his testimony by an ......

  1. Cavaillon S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Small town in the department of Vaucluse, France. In his book, "R�ponses de Rabbins Fran�ais et Lorrains" (Vienna, 1881), Jo�l ......

  1. Cavallero, Cavagliero (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of a family, with branches in Provence, Africa, Turkey, and Italy.1. Abraham ben Judah Cavallero: Lived at Fez between ......

  1. Caves in Palestine (JE | WP GWP G

) By "me'arah" (V03p633003.jpg) the Hebrew designates natural caves. The mountains of Palestine, which for the greater part are formations of ......

  1. Cayenne (JE | WP GWP G

) An island of South America, and a town of the same name situated on this island that lies at the ......

  1. David Cazès JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Moroccan educator and writer; born at Tetuan in 1851. Sent to Paris in his early youth, he was educated by ......

  1. Cedar (JE | WP GWP G

) A tree of the pine family frequently mentioned in the Old Testament, where the "cedar of Lebanon" is generally meant. ......

  1. Cedron S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of the brook Kidron as given in John xviii. 1. Near the stream was the garden in which Jesus ......

  1. Celibacy S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Deliberate renunciation of marriage. In the Old Testament there is no direct reference to the subject. The prophet Jeremiah was ......

  1. Celsus S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Greek polemical writer against Christianity; flourished in the second century. He was the first pagan who denounced Christianity, and in ......

  1. Cemetery S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) A place for the burial of the dead. The word "cemetery" is derived from the Greek ???????????, "the place where ......

  1. Censer S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) An implement shaped like a bowl or a pan, intended for the burning of incense. In the English Bible the ......

  1. Censorship of Hebrew Books (JE | WP GWP G

) Censorship is the regulation, first decreed by the Church and then carried out either by that institution or by the ......

  1. Census S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) A numbering of the people. Several cases are given in the Bible. The first mentioned is that in Num. i. ......

  1. Cento S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) City of 8,000 inhabitants in the province of Ferrara, central Italy. If the statement is correct that the Ha-Me'ati ......

  1. Nathan da Cento JE (JE | WP GWP G

) See Me'ati, Nathan ha-. ......

  1. Samuel da Cento (JE | WP GWP G

) See Me'ati, Samuel ha-. ......

  1. Solomon da Cento (JE | WP GWP G

) See Me'ati, Solomon ha-. ......

  1. Central America >> History of the Jews in Central America (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S990: South and Central America

  1. Central Conference of American Rabbis S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C300: Conferences of American Rabbis

301 to 400[edit]

301 – 320[edit]

  1. Centralanzeiger für Jüdische Litteratur (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Cephas S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C925: Peter

  1. Ceremonies and the Ceremonial Law (JE | WP GWP G

) Symbolic rites and observances, expressive of certain thoughts or sentiments. As social life demands forms of etiquette (see Greetings), so ......

  1. Karl Friedrich Cerf JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German theatrical manager; born at Unterreissheim-on-the-Main in 1782; died at Berlin Nov. 6, 1845. He embraced Christianity when very young, ......

  1. Herz Cerfbeer of Medelsheim JE (JE | WP GWP G

) French philanthropist; born at Bischheim, Alsace, in 1730; died at Strasburg in 1793. He was a contractor to the army, ......

  1. Max-Théodore Cerfbeer JE (JE | WP GWP G

) French officer and deputy; born at Nancy, Meurthe, Dec. 9, 1792; died Jan. 15, 1876. He entered the army at ......

  1. Anatole Cerfberr JE (JE | WP GWP G

) French journalist and author; born at Paris 1835; died at Neuilly 1896. Under various pseudonyms, among which were "Arthur Clary," ......

  1. Auguste Édouard Cerfberr JE (JE | WP GWP G

) French author; born at Epinal in 1811; died in 1858. Having completed his studies in law, Cerfberr entered the service ......

  1. Frédéric Cerfberr JE (JE | WP GWP G

) French consul; born at Strasburg Oct. 27, 1786; died at sea Sept. 18, 1842, on a voyage from New York ......

  1. Maximilien Charles Alphonse Cerfberr of Medelsheim JE (JE | WP GWP G

) French journalist; born at Epinal July 20, 1817; died at Paris Dec. 16, 1883. After traveling extensively in Algeria and ......

  1. Samson Cerfberr of Medelsheim JE (JE | WP GWP G

) French soldier and author; born at Strasburg about 1780; committed suicide at Paris, 1826. He led an erratic and adventurous ......

  1. Cervera (JE | WP GWP G

) Hill-town in Catalonia, Spain, which in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries had a Jewish community. In 1328 a quarter ......

  1. Cesena S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) City of the Pontifical States. In early times a Jewish community existed here, of which the tosafist Eliezer is ......

  1. Cestius Florus (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C314: Florus Cestius

  1. Chabad S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H349: Ḥasidim

  1. Chabar (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H9: Ḥabar

  1. Chabazeleth (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Chaber (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H13: Ḥaber

  1. Chabib (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H16: Ḥabib

  1. Chabris (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of Gothoniel, and one of the three governors of Bethulia, a city besieged by Holofernes. Toward the end of ......

321 – 340[edit]

  1. Chacham (Chacham the Wise) JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B884: Ḥakam

  1. Chacham Bashi S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) See Ḥakam Bashi.

  1. Chacham Tzebi (Chacham Zebi) S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) See Ashkenazi,Ẓebi Hirsch b. Jacob.

  1. Chad-Gadya (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H30: Ḥad Gadya

  1. Chadad (JE | WP GWP G

) See Ḥadad.

  1. Chaeremon S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Stoic philosopher and anti-Jewish writer (Origen, "Contra Celsum," i. 59; Eusebius, "Hist. Eccl." vi. 19), Egyptian priest (Porphyry, "De

  1. Chaff (JE | WP GWP G

) Separated husks of grain. The Bible frequently compares things evanescent to chaff blown away by the wind (Zeph. ii.

  1. Jacob Chagis (Moses Chagis) (JE | WP GWP G

) See Hagiz, Jacob; Hagiz, Moses, etc.

  1. Chaibar, Arabia (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See K193: Khaibar

  1. Moses Avigdor Chaikin (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi and author; born at Sklow, government of Mohilev, in 1852, and removed at an early age with his father

  1. Chains S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) A word employed in English versions of the Bible as an equivalent for the various Hebrew terms applied to devices

  1. Zebi Hirsch b. Meir Chajes (JE | WP GWP G

) Talmudist, literary historian, and rabbi; born at Brody Nov. 20, 1805; died at Lemberg Oct. 12, 1855. His father, a

  1. Chajun (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H437: Ḥayyun

  1. Chalafta (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H105: Ḥalafta

  1. Chalcis S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of the island of Eubœa in the Ægean sea; under Greek dominion since 1832. Benjamin of Tudela found 200

  1. Chaldea JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) The Hebrew "Kasdim" (generally without the article) usually designates the Chaldeans as a people sometimes also their country (Jer. l.

  1. Phoebus Chalfan (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H130: Ḥalfon

  1. Chalilah (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H136: Ḥalilah

  1. Châlons-sur-Marne S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of the department of Marne, France. Little is known of the Jews of this city. In 1292 Davy and

  1. Châlons-sur-Saône S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of the department of Saône-et-Loire, France. Jews were established in the city at an early period; the council that

341 – 360[edit]

  1. Chalphi (JE | WP GWP G

) Father of Judas. The latter was one of the two captains who remained when all the others under Jonathan had

  1. Chaluqqah (Chalukkah) JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H147: Ḥaluḳḳah

  1. Chalyzians (JE | WP GWP G

) A people who, according to the Byzantine historian, John Cinnamus (twelfth century), accepted the Mosaic law. They fought, together with

  1. Rab Chama (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H149: Ḥama

  1. Chamai (Chamai Gaon) (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H155: Ḥamai

  1. Chamberlain (JE | WP GWP G

) The English rendering of V03p663006.jpg. This Hebrew word is also translated "officer" (Gen. xxxvii. 36; II Kings viii. 6). If

  1. Houston Stewart Chamberlain S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Anglo-German musical critic and anti-Semitic writer; born Sept. 9, 1855, at Portsmouth, England; son of Admiral W. C. Chamberlain. He

  1. Chambéry (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of the department of Savoy, France. When the Jews were driven from France by Philippe Auguste in 1182, many

  1. Chameleon S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) An animal of the genus Chamœleon, the only genus of the tribe Dendrosaura (also Chamœleonida, Rhiptoglossa, Vermilinguia), of the Chamœleontidœ

  1. Chamois (JE | WP GWP G

) The rendering of the Hebrew V03p665002.jpg (zemer), both in the A. V. and in the R. V., probably on the

  1. Champagne S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) A former province of France, now known as the departments of Marne, Haute-Marne, Aube, and Ardennes, with part of Seine-et-Marne,

  1. Rab Chana ben Chanilai (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H197: Ḥana b. Ḥanilai

  1. Chanan, Chananeel, Chananya (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H200: Hanan

  1. Löb Chaneles (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H258: Ḥaneles, Judah Löb

  1. Chanilai (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A1534: Anilai

  1. Chanina JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B229: Ḥanina

  1. Chanoch S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See E383: Enoch

  1. Chanting (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C109: Cantillation

  1. Chanukkah S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H265: Ḥanukkah

  1. Chao Yng-Cheng (Zhao Yingcheng, Chao Ying-ch'eng) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Chinese mandarin; flourished about 1653. After the sack of K'ai Fung-Foo, which followed the fall of the Ming dynasty in

361 – 380[edit]

  1. Chaplet (JE | WP GWP G

) See Crown, Diadem, and Miter.

  1. John Chapman DAB (JE | WP GWP G

) English educationist and communal worker; born 1845. Educated at Jews' College, London, he became an assistant master in that institution,

  1. Charaathalan (JE | WP GWP G

) Name occurring in I Esd. v. 36. It is a corruption of "Cherub," "Addan," and "Immer" (Ezra ii. 59 =

  1. Characa (JE | WP GWP G

) A city about 750 stadia distant from Caspis. It was the seat of the Jews called "Tubieni." Judas Maccabeus went

  1. Charan S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H274: Haran

  1. Charashim (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See G113: Ge-Ḥarashim

  1. Charchemish (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C150: Carchemish

  1. Chares DAB (JE | WP GWP G

) Leader of the Zealots in the Judæo-Roman war, and one of the most eminent men of Gamala (Josephus, "B.

  1. Charger (JE | WP GWP G

) A rendering of two Hebrew words and a Greek one: (1) V03p666001.jpg (ḳa'arah), occurring in the list of the donations

  1. Chariot S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Vehicles are designated in Hebrew chiefly by two expressions, "'agalah" and "rakab," with "merkab" and "merkabah" derived from the latter.

  1. Charity and Charitable institutions (Tzedakah) S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Charity is kindness shown to the needy; Hebrew, "ẓedaḳah"="righteousness" (Deut. xxiv. 13; Isa. xxxii. 17; Prov. xiv. 34; Ps. cvi.

  1. Charkow (Kharkov) S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See: Kharkov ((no article))

  1. Charlemagne S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) King of the Franks and emperor of the West; born April, 742; died Jan. 28, 814. His attitude toward the

  1. Elizabeth Jane Caulfield, Countess of Charlemont JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Convert to Judaism; born June 21, 1834; died at Roxborough Castle, Moy, County Tyrone, Ireland, May 31, 1882. She was

  1. Charleston, South Carolina >> History of the Jews in Charleston, South Carolina JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of the county of the same name, and chief city of the state of South Carolina in the United

  1. Charms S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A1445: Amulets

  1. Charoseth (Haroseth, Charoset) (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S427: Seder

  1. Chartography (Cartography) (JE | WP GWP G

) The art of making maps. In the development of this art, during the Middle Ages, an epoch is made by

  1. Chartres S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Chief town of the department of Eure-et-Loire, France. From time immemorial Jews were established at Chartres, occupying a special quarter

  1. Chasdai (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H332: Ḥasdai

381 – 400[edit]

  1. Moses Chaseisch (JE | WP GWP G

) German Talmudist; died at Halberstadt in 1793. Chaseisch enjoyed an established reputation among his contemporaries as a Talmudist, and was

  1. Moses ben Jacob Chaskes (JE | WP GWP G

) Neo-Hebrew poet and Russian translator; born in Wilna Sept. 27, 1848; removed later to Odessa. His first collection of Hebrew

  1. Chashniki S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the government of Vitebsk, Russia, having (in 1897) a population of 4,590, of whom about 4,000 are Jews.

  1. Chasid (Hasidic Judaism) S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See M561: Ḥasid

  1. Chastisement S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P607: Punishment

  1. Chastity S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Purity in regard to the relations of sex, implied in the commandment, "Ye shall be holy: for I the Lord

  1. Proof of Chastity (JE | WP GWP G

) See Crime and Divorce.

  1. Château-Thierry (JE | WP GWP G

) Chief town of the arrondissement of the same name in the department of Aisne, France. At Château-Thierry, as in general

  1. Chattanooga >> History of the Jews in Chattanooga (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See T138: Tennessee

  1. Chattels S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) In English and American law property is divided into two kinds: real or landed, and personal or chattels; in Continental

  1. Isaac Andreyevich Chatzkin JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian physician; born 1832; died at Odessa June, 1902. He settled in that city in 1869, and practised there for

  1. Chaussy JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) District town in the government of Mohilev, Russia. The Jewish community of Chaussy dates from the seventeenth century, as appears

  1. Jewish Chautauqua Society (JE | WP GWP G

) A society formed in the United States for "the dissemination of knowledge of the Jewish religion by fostering the study

  1. Chaves (JE | WP GWP G

) City in Portugal, which in the fourteenth century had a fairly large Jewish community, and an "aula," or school, "in

  1. Chaves (JE | WP GWP G

) Jewish-Portuguese family that derived its name from its native place of Chaves in Portugal; members of it are found in

  1. Chavillo (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H21: Ḥabillo

  1. Chayyim, Chayyug S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) See Ḥayyug.

  1. Chazak (JE | WP GWP G

) See Forti, John.

  1. Chazan S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H458: Ḥazzan

  1. Joseph Chazanowicz (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian physician, and founder of the Jewish National Library at Jerusalem; born at Goniondz, government of Grodno, Russia, Oct. 22,

401 to 500[edit]

401 – 420[edit]

  1. Chazanuth (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H462: Ḥazzanut

  1. Chazars (Khazars) S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) A people of Turkish origin whose life and history are interwoven with the very beginnings of the history of the

  1. Chebar (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of a Babylonian river or canal, by the side of which Ezekiel "saw visions" (Ezek. i. 1, 3; iii.

  1. Chechelnik (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the government of Podolia, Russia, having (1898) a population of about 7,000, including 1,967 Jews. Their principal occupation

  1. Chechersk S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the government of Mohilev, Russia, with a population (in 1898) of 2,819, including 1,692 Jews. The latter are

  1. Chedorlaomer S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of a king of Elam (Gen. xiv. 1), who made conquests as far west as Canaan and exercised supremacy

  1. Cheese (JE | WP GWP G

) The curd of milk run into molds and allowed to coagulate. This article of food was known to the ancient

  1. Raphael Joseph Chelebi (JE | WP GWP G

) See Raphael Joseph of Aleppo.

  1. Chellus (JE | WP GWP G

) Place mentioned in Judith i. 9 as lying before Kadesh and the River of Egypt. Reland ("Palæstina ex Monumentis Veteribus

  1. Chelm S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the government of Kovno, Russia. It has a population of about 4,200, all of whom, with the exception

  1. Ephraim ben Joseph Chelm (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C411: Ephraim b. Joseph Chelm

  1. Solomon ben Moses Chelm (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C412: Solomon b. Moses Chelm

  1. Chelod (JE | WP GWP G

) A name occurring in Judith i. 6b, and designating apparently the Chaldeans. In place of the rendering of the A.

  1. Chelub (JE | WP GWP G

) A Hebrew word meaning a cage, as in Jer. v. 27. It is also the name of two men: (1)

  1. Chelubai S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) This is probably another form of the name Caleb. It occurs in I Chron. ii. 9.E. G. H.G. B. L.

  1. Chemarim (JE | WP GWP G

) Plural of V04p009001.jpg; occurs as transliteration of the Hebrew in the English translation of Zeph. i. 4, and also as

  1. Chemerovtzy (JE | WP GWP G

) Small town in the government of Podolia, Russia, with (in 1898) an almost exclusively Jewish population of 1,282. About 160

  1. Chemnitz S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in Saxony, with a Jewish population of 1,150. Jews first settled there in the latter half of the nineteenth

  1. Chemosh JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) The national god of the Moabites. He became angry with his people and permitted them to become the vassals of

  1. Chenaanah (JE | WP GWP G

) Feminine form of "Canaan"; the name of two men: (1) The fourth-named of the seven sons of Bilham, son of

421 – 440[edit]

  1. Chenaniah (JE | WP GWP G

) A Levite of the family of Izharites (I Chron. xxvi. 29) and chief of the Temple singers who conducted the

  1. Chenstochov S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) City in the government of Petrokow, Russian Poland, the Jewish inhabitants of which in 1897 numbered 12,500 in a total

  1. Chephirah (JE | WP GWP G

) City belonging originally to the Gibeonites (Josh. ix. 17), but which, in the apportionment of the land, fell to the

  1. Cheran S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) A name occurring in the genealogy of Seir the Horite (Gen. xxxvi. 26), and in the corresponding list in I

  1. Cherei (JE | WP GWP G

) A small town in the government of Mohilev, Russia, with (1898) about 3,000 inhabitants, of whom 1,300 are Jews. The

  1. Cherethites JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Probably the name of a part of the Philistines; usually, however, designating the whole nation, as in Zeph. ii. 5,

  1. Cherikov (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the government of Mohilev, Russia. According to the last census (1897) it has 5,250 inhabitants, including 2,700 Jews.

  1. Cherith S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) The name of a brook or wadi near the Jordan, where Elijah, in the time of drought and famine, was

  1. Cherkassy S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) District town in the government of Kiev, Russia, situated on the right bank of the Dnieper, about 126 miles from

  1. Chernevtzy (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the government of Podolia, Russia; it has (1898) a population of about 15,000, including about 2,000 Jews. Of

  1. Chernigov (JE | WP GWP G

) A city in Russia; capital of the government of the same name. The Jewish settlement at Chernigov is one of

  1. Chernigov (JE | WP GWP G

) A government of Little Russia (Ukraine), with a Jewish population (1897) of 114,630 in a total population of 2,298,834, or

  1. Chernobyl S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the government of Kiev, Russia; it has (1898) a population of 10,759, including 7,189 Jews. Of the latter,

  1. Cherub S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) The name of a winged being mentioned frequently in the Bible. The prophet Ezekiel describes the cherubim as a tetrad

  1. Chesalon (JE | WP GWP G

) A border town of Judah (Josh. xv. 10), also known as "Mount Jearim." It lies in a directly west of

  1. Chesed S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) A son of Nahor and Milcah (Gen. xxii.22). From the name the term "Casdim" (Chaldeans) is clearly derived.E. G. H.

  1. Chess (JE | WP GWP G

) A game of skill, usually played by two persons, with sixteen pieces each, on a board divided into sixty-four squares

  1. Chest S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A1777: Ark

  1. Chestnut tree S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) The rendering of V04p021001.jpg given in the A. V. (Gen. xxx. 37; Ezek. xxxi. 8); the R.V., however, preferring "plane-tree."

  1. Chevra S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) See Hebra.

441 – 460[edit]

  1. Thomas Kelly Cheyne (JE | WP GWP G

) English Christian Biblical critic, and Oriel professor of Biblical exegesis at the University of Oxford, England; born at London Sept.

  1. Luigi Chiarini (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian abbé; born near Montepulciano, Italy, April 26, 1789; died at Warsaw Feb. 28, 1832. He was appointed professor of

  1. Chicago >> History of the Jews in Chicago (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of Cook county, Illinois; the second largest city of the United States. It was incorporated as a city in

  1. The Chicago Israelite (JE | WP GWP G

) An American weekly newspaper devoted to Jewish interests; founded January, 1885, and first issued under the editorship of Leo Wise,

  1. Chidon (JE | WP GWP G

) The owner of the threshing-floor at which Uzza or Uzzah, attempting to steady the Ark of the Covenant, was killed

  1. Chief S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Term used by the English Bible versions as an approximate rendering of a number of Hebrew words. The leaders of

  1. Esther Chiera (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See K210: Kiera, Esther

  1. Chigrin (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the government of Kiev, Russia, with a population (in 1897) of 9,870, including about 3,000 Jews. The latter

  1. Child S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Since the days of Abraham (Gen. xv. 2), to possess a child was always considered as the greatest blessing God

  1. Child Marriage (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See M213: Marriage

  1. Childbirth S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) The following are some of the Biblical and Talmudical details touching the birth of children:In the Bible.The child might be

  1. Song of the Three Children (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See D34: Daniel, Book of

  1. Children of God S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See G283: God, Children of

  1. Chile >> History of the Jews in Chile (JE | WP GWP G

) A republic of South America, bounded by Peru on the north, Bolivia and the Argentine Republic on the east, and

  1. Chileab S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) A son of David, born to him at Hebron. His mother was Abigail, whom David married after the death of

  1. Chiliasm S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See M621: Millennium

  1. Chilion S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) A son of Elimelech and Naomi, the Bethlehemites who emigrated to Moab because of the severe famine in Judea (Ruth

  1. Chilmad (JE | WP GWP G

) Name occurring in the long list of those nations supplying merchandise for Tyre (Ezek. xxvii. 23). The Septuagint reads

  1. Chimham (JE | WP GWP G

) A son of Barzillai, who supported David while the latter was in exile at Mahanaim. After the death of Absalom,

  1. Rachel Mironowna Chin (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C460: Khin, Rachel Mironowna

461 – 480[edit]

  1. China >> History of the Jews in China JE (JE | WP GWP G

) The southeastern and main division of the Chinese empire. The subject of the Jews in China is here treated in

  1. Chinnereth S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) The sea marking the eastern boundary of the Israelitish possessions, whence the boundary proceeded by the River Jordan to the

  1. Simson of Chinon (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C463: Simson of Chinon

  1. Chios S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Island in the Ægean Sea; Turkish possession, 344 miles west of Smyrna. It is not known with any certainty when

  1. Chiquitilla (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See G226: Gikatilla

  1. Chisdai (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H332: Ḥasdai

  1. Chittim (Kittim) S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C948: Cyprus

  1. Chiun (JE | WP GWP G

) A word occurring in connection with "Siccuth" in Amos v. 26. Scholars have long been puzzled to know whether in

  1. Bogdan Zinovi Chmielnicki (JE | WP GWP G

) Hetman of the Zaporogian Cossacks, born about 1595; died at Chigirin Aug. 16, 1675. Unlike many other Little-Russian pupils of

  1. Choba (JE | WP GWP G

) A town included among those which the Jews fortified against the attacks of Holofernes. It is mentioned in two places

  1. Choir (JE | WP GWP G

) A collection of singers with trained voices who take part in divine service and who are separated from the congregation.

  1. Cholera Asiatica (JE | WP GWP G

) A specific and communicable disease, characterized by violent vomiting and purging. It prevails endemically in some parts of India,

  1. Chor-Ashan (JE | WP GWP G

) This is, perhaps, better given, with the earlier manuscripts (Baer), as "Bor-ashan." The Septuagint also confirms the latter spelling,

  1. Aaron Chorin (Aaron Choriner) JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian rabbi; born at Weisskirchen, Moravia, Aug. 3, 1766; died at Arad, Hungary, Aug 24, 1844. At the age of

  1. Franz Chorin (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian deputy; grandson of Aaron Chorin; born at Arad May 11, 1842. He studied law at Arad, Budapest, and Vienna,

  1. Joseph Judah Chorny JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian traveler; born at Minsk April 20, 1835; died at Odessa April 28, 1880. His parents destined him for the

  1. Chosaemus (JE | WP GWP G

) One of "the sons of Annas" that had "strange wives" (I Esd. ix. 32). The name can not be identified

  1. Chosen People (JE | WP GWP G

) Name for the Jewish people expressive of the idea of their having been chosen by God to fulfil the mission

  1. Chosroes II (Khosru II) S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) King of Persia from 591 to 628. Chosroes, on the plea of avenging the death of his father-in-law, the

  1. Joseph Chotzner (JE | WP GWP G

) English rabbi and author; born at Cracow, Austria, May 11, 1844; educated at the Breslau rabbinical seminary and the University

481 – 500[edit]

  1. Chovevei Zion S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Associations, in Europe and the United States, of persons interested in agricultural settlement of Jews in Palestine and in

  1. Joseph Choynski (JE | WP GWP G

) American heavyweight pugilist; born at San Francisco, Cal., Nov. 8, 1868. His first appearance in the prize-ring was in 1884,

  1. Christ S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Septuagint translation of Hebrew "Mashiaḥ" ("Messiah"=The Anointed),applied by Christians exclusively to Jesus as the Messiah (see Jesus of Nazareth

  1. Christian S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) A word denoting a follower of Jesus as the Messiah or Christ. It originated, according to Acts xi. 26, in

  1. Gustav Christopher Christian (JE | WP GWP G

) German author and Christian missionary; born of Jewish parents; baptized in 1719; died at Nuremberg about 1735. He was the

  1. Friedrich Albrecht Christiani (JE | WP GWP G

) Jewish convert to Christianity; born in the middle of the seventeenth century; died at Prossnitz at the beginning of the

  1. Moritz Wilhelm Christiani (JE | WP GWP G

) Author and Jewish convert to Christianity; born at Altorf at the end of the seventeenth century; died at Prague about

  1. Pablo Christiani JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Jewish convert of Montpellier, France; contemporary of NaḤmanides. After having been baptized, Christiani joined the Order of the Dominicans and

  1. Christianity in its relation to Judaism (see Judaism#Christianity_and_Judaism for a series of equivalent Wikipedia articles) (JE | WP GWP G

) Christianity is the system of religious truth based upon the belief that Jesus of Nazareth was the expected Messiah, or

  1. Queen Christina S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Queen of Sweden; born at Stockholm Dec. 7, 1626; died at Rome April 19, 1689. She was a daughter of

  1. Christology S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See M510: Messiah

  1. Ludwig Chronegk (JE | WP GWP G

) German actor; born at Brandenburg-on-the-Havel Nov. 3, 1837; died at Meiningen July 8, 1890. He was the stage-manager and "Intendanzrath"

  1. Chronicles S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H802: Historiography

  1. Book of Chronicles S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) The two books of Chronicles form a history of the Temple and its priesthood, and of the house of David

  1. Chronogram JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Sentence or verse certain letters of which express a date, while the sentence itself alludes to or is descriptive

  1. Chronology S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) The science that treats of the computation and adjustment of time or periods of time, and of the record and

  1. Joannes Chrysostomus (St. John Chrysostom) (JE | WP GWP G

) Patriarch of Constantinople, one of the most celebrated of the Church Fathers, and the most eminent orator of the early

  1. Chudnov (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the government of Volhynia, Russia. A Jewish community existed here before the uprising of the Cossacks in 1648.

  1. Chuetas S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Names given to the descendants of the secret Jews in Majorca, who at heart were still faithful to Judaism, but

  1. Chufut-Kale JE S 2007-03-04 (JE | WP GWP G

) Suburb of Bakhchiserai, a town in the government of Taurida, Russia. It is called by the Tatars "Kirk-er" (Place of

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