Wikipedia:Jewish Encyclopedia topics/D

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Jewish Encyclopedia topics
Directory of articles

A1 - A2 - A3 - A4 - A5 - B1 - B2 - B3 - B4 - C1 - C2 - D1 - D2 - E1 - E2 - F - G1 - G2 - H1 - H2 - H3 - I - J1 - J2 - K - L1 - L2 - M1 - M2 - M3 - N - O - P1 - P2 - Q - R - S1 - S2 - S3 - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

1 to 100[edit]

1 – 20[edit]

  1. Dabbasheth (JE | WP GWP G

) A town on the border-line of Zebulun (Josh. xix. 11). It has been identified by Conder with Dabsheh, the ruins of which are...

  1. Daberath (JE | WP GWP G

) A town on the eastern boundary of Zebulun (Josh. xix. 12), but belonging to the domain of Issachar, and assigned to the Levites...

  1. Isaac-Francis Dacosta (JE | WP GWP G

) Musician and composer; born at Bordeaux Jan. 17, 1778; died there Nov. 29, 1864. He was a pupil of the Musical Conservatory...

  1. Dagesh (JE | WP GWP G

) the diacritical point placed in the center of the letters of the Hebrew alphabet to indicate either their intensified (doubled)...

  1. Daggatun JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Nomad tribe of Jewish origin living in the neighborhood of Tementit, in the oasis of Tuat in the Moroccan Sahara. An account...

  1. Dagger (JE | WP GWP G

) A short, edged, and pointed weapon for stabbing. It is given in the Ehud episode (Judges iii. 16, 21, 22) as the English equivalent...

  1. Daghestan (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian province, situated on the eastern slopes of the Caucasus, and bounded by Circassia, Georgia, and the Caspian Sea....

  1. Dagobert (JE | WP GWP G

) King of France (602-638). In order to emulate the religious zeal of Heraclius and Sisebut, the rulers of the Byzantine and...

  1. Dagon (JE | WP GWP G

) Philistine god, referred to in Judges xvi. 23; I Sam. v. 2-5; and I Macc. x. 83, xi 4; but not in Isa. xlvi. 1, where &#916...

  1. Zebi Hirsch b. Zeëb Wolf Dainow (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian preacher; born at Slutzk, government of Minsk, in 1832; died in London March 6, 1877. He possessed oratorical ability...

  1. Karl Theodor, Baron von Dalberg (JE | WP GWP G

) Archbishop of Mayence and subsequently Grand Duke of Frankfort-on-the-Main; born Feb. 8, 1744; died Feb. 10, 1817. He was...

  1. Alan Dale (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C583: Cohen, Alfred J.

  1. Dalet (ר) (JE | WP GWP G

) Fourth letter of the Hebrew alphabet. The name is evidently connected with "delet," meaning "door," and was borrowed from...

  1. Dallas (JE | WP GWP G

) County seat of Dallas county, Texas, on the east bank of the Trinity River. It was settled in 1844. It has a population of...

  1. Simon Mayer Dalmbert (JE | WP GWP G

) Officer in the French army, and communal worker; born at Mutzig, Bas-Rhin, in 1776; died May 11, 1840. He took part in the...

  1. Dalphon (JE | WP GWP G

) the second of the ten sons of Haman. All were killed by the Jews and hanged upon gallows (Esth. ix. 10-14). The Septuagint...

  1. Dalpuget (JE | WP GWP G

) Family of merchants; settled at Bordeaux, France. They originally came from Avignon, and refused to obey the decree of expulsion...

  1. Charles P Daly (JE | WP GWP G

) Historian and jurist; born in New York city 1816; died in 1899. Daly was of Roman Catholic parentage. He was admitted to the...

  1. Dama, son of Netina (JE | WP GWP G

) the name of a non-Israelite held up by Rabbi Eliezer and other rabbis to his brethren as an example of true love and piety...

  1. Damage (JE | WP GWP G

) Money recoverable as amends for a wrong or injury sustained. The simple and clear rule as to the obligation of a person who...

21 – 40[edit]

  1. Damascus (JE | WP GWP G

) An ancient city of Asia Minor, situated at the foot of the Anti-Lebanon, 180 miles south by west of Aleppo; now the capital...

  1. Damascus Affair (JE | WP GWP G

) Accusation of ritual murder brought against the Jews of Damascus in 1840. At that time Damascus, together with Syria, belonged...

  1. Peter Damiani (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian prelate; born at Ravenna 1007; died at Faenza 1072. About 1035 he entered the convent of Fonte Avellana near Gubbio...

  1. Dampierre (JE | WP GWP G

) Village of Champagne, in the department of the Aube, France; not to be confounded with "Dompaire," Vosges, as is sometimes...

  1. Leopold Damrosch (JE | WP GWP G

) German-American violinist and conductor; born at Posen, Prussia, Oct. 22, 1832; died in New York Feb. 15, 1885. He commenced...

  1. Dan (JE | WP GWP G

) the name of Jacob's fifth son (Gen. xxx. 6), whose mother was Bilhah, Rachel's handmaiden (ib. xxx. 3, xxxv. 25)....

  1. Dan Ashkenazi JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German Talmudist and exegete; flourished in the second half of the thirteenth century. Dan, who was one of the most prominent...

  1. Dan-jaan (JE | WP GWP G

) If the reading is correct, the name of a city mentioned only once in the Bible (II Sam. xxiv. 6). It was one of the places...

  1. Dancing (JE | WP GWP G

) Rhythmical and measured stepping to the accompaniment of music, singing, or the beating of drums. This exercise, generally...

  1. Adolphe-Léopold Danhauser (JE | WP GWP G

) French musician; born in Paris Feb. 26, 1835; died there June 9, 1896. He studied at the Paris Conservatory under Bazin, Hal&#233...

  1. Daniel >> Daniel in rabbinic literature JE, Islamic views on Daniel EL:JE (JE | WP GWP G

) in Hebrew (1) ; (2) . (1) the form without the (see Masorah Magna to Ezek. xiv. 14) occurs in Ezek. xiv. 14, 20; xxviii. 3...

  1. Tomb of Daniel JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Tradition has named two places as the site of Daniel's tomb. In the "Martyrologium Romanum," for instance, which consecrates...

  1. Apocalypse of Daniel (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A1643: Apocalyptic Literature

  1. Book of Daniel (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the books of the Old Testament. It may be divided into two parts: chapters i.-vi., recounting the events of Daniel&#39...

  1. Daniel ibn al-Anishata (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See D43: Daniel b. Saadia ha-Babli

  1. Hayyata Daniel (JE | WP GWP G

) A Palestinian, two of whose Scriptural interpretations are preserved in the Midrash: one to Gen. xxvi. 14 (Gen. R. lxiv. 7...

  1. Daniel ben Hasdai (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See D44: Daniel ben Solomon

  1. Daniel b. Isaac (JE | WP GWP G

) See Pisa, Daniel da.

  1. Daniel ben Jacob of Grodno (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian halakist; died in Grodno April 30, 1807. He was dayyan there for forty years. He is ordinarily called "saint," "pious...

  1. Daniel ben Judah (JE | WP GWP G

) Liturgical poet, who lived at Rome in the middle of the fourteenth century. He was the grandfather of Daniel ben Samuel ha-Rofe...

41 – 60[edit]

  1. Daniel b. Ketina (JE | WP GWP G

) Babylonian amora; flourished in the second half of the third century. He was a contemporary of Ze'era (Yer. Suk. iv. 54b...

  1. Daniel ben Moses al-Kumisi (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the most prominent Karaite scholars of the earlier period; flourished atthe end of the ninth or at the beginning of...

  1. Daniel ben Saadia ha-Babli (JE | WP GWP G

) Talmudic scholar; lived at Damascus in the thirteenth century. He was a pupil of Samuel b. Ali Halevi, the anti-Maimonist...

  1. Daniel ben Solomon (Ben Hasdai) (JE | WP GWP G

) Exilarch at Bagdad in the second half of the twelfth century. According to Pethahiah, Daniel's father, Solomon, was highly...

  1. Danielillo of Leghorn (JE | WP GWP G

) Anonymous author of a small apologetic work of the seventeenth century, written in Spanish, which Grätz erroneously considers...

  1. D Polak Daniels (JE | WP GWP G

) Dutch communal worker at the Hague; died 1899. He was active in Jewish communal affairs, was president of the Jewish community...

  1. Danilevsky (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See R479: Russia

  1. Abraham Danon (JE | WP GWP G

) Turkish writer; born at Adrianople, European Turkey, in 1857; attended the Talmud Torah in that city, pursuing his Talmudic...

  1. Berakah ben Yom-Tob Danon (JE | WP GWP G

) Talmudical scholar; lived at Jerusalem in the first half of the nineteenth century. He was the author of a work entitled "Bad...

  1. Joseph ben Jacob ben Moses ibn Danon (JE | WP GWP G

) Hebraist and Talmudist; born at Belgrade about 1620; died at London toward the end of the seventeenth century. He was descended...

  1. Meïr Benjamin Menahem Danon (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbinical writer, and chief rabbi of Sarajevo in Bosnia; lived in the first half of the nineteenth century. He wrote "Be&#39...

  1. Yom-Tob Danon (JE | WP GWP G

) Author and rabbi of Smyrna in the first half of the nineteenth century. He went to Jerusalem in 1821, where he succeeded Joseph...

  1. Alighieri Dante (JE | WP GWP G

) Florentine poet; born 1265; died at Ravenna Sept. 14, 1321. Dante took an active part in the political feuds then distracting...

  1. Johann Andreas Danz (JE | WP GWP G

) German theologian and Hebraist; born at Sundhausen, near Gotha, 1654; died at Jena Dec. 22, 1727. Danz studied at Wittenberg...

  1. Danzig (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of West Prussia. The Jewish population of Danzig in 1895 was 2,474, in a total population of 125,605. the Five Congregations...

  1. Abraham ben Jehiel Danzig JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Lithuanian codifier; born in Danzig in 1747 or 1748; died at Wilna Sept. 12, 1820. He was descended from a family of scholars...

  1. Astruc Dapiera (De Piera) (JE | WP GWP G

) Martyr; lived in Barcelona. He was probably a relative of Isaac de Piera, who also lived in Barcelona, and who, in the year...

  1. Solomon ben Meshullam Dapiera (JE | WP GWP G

) Neo-Hebraic poet of North Spain; died after 1417. He was a relative of Meshullam ben Solomon Dapiera, who flourished, probably...

  1. Darda (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the wise men surpassed in wisdom by King Solomon (I Kings iv. 31). He is mentioned, with Ethan, Heman, and Chalcol...

  1. Dardanelles (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of the two cities situated opposite each other on the shores of the strait at the entrance to the Sea of Marmora. The...

61 – 80[edit]

  1. Moses Dar'i (JE | WP GWP G

) Karaite; flourished in Dar'ah toward the end of the ninth century. He was a grammarian of prominence, as is shown by the...

  1. Darius I (JE | WP GWP G

) King of Persia from 521 to 485 B.C.; son of Hystaspes. The sources for the history of Darius are his own trilingual inscription...

  1. Darius III (JE | WP GWP G

) Last King of Persia; reigned from 336 to 330 B.C.; conquered by Alexander the Great. He is probably the "Darius the Persian...

  1. Darkness (JE | WP GWP G

) the rendering in the English versions of the Hebrew and its synonyms , . At one time darkness was regarded as something substantial...

  1. Arsène Darmesteter (JE | WP GWP G

) French philologist and brother of James Darmesteter; born at Château-Salins Jan. 5, 1846; died at Paris Nov. 16, 1888...

  1. James Darmesteter (JE | WP GWP G

) French Orientalist; born March 28, 1849, at Château-Salins, Lorraine; died Oct. 19, 1894, at Paris. His parents were...

  1. Darmstadt (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H683: Hesse

  1. Joseph ben Meïrzebi Darmstadt (JE | WP GWP G

) German Talmudist; flourished in the second half of the eighteenth century. He was a pupil of Mordecai Halberstadt, author...

  1. Daroca (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the Spanish province of Saragossa, and formerly a part of the ancient kingdom of Aragon. It contains an old Jewish...

  1. Simeon Darshan (JE | WP GWP G

) See Kara, Simon.

  1. Darshanim (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H874: Homiletics

  1. Dart (JE | WP GWP G

) A pointed weapon to be thrown by the hand; a javelin or light spear. The English version uses "dart" as an equivalent for...

  1. Astruc Dascola (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See K93: Kansi, Samuel

  1. Dashev (JE | WP GWP G

) Village in the government of Kiev, Russia. It has a population of 6,200, including 3,200 Jews, whose sources of income are...

  1. Date-palm (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P38: Palm-tree

  1. Dathan (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of Eliab, of the tribe of Reuben. He conspired with his brother Abiram against Moses and Aaron. See Abiram.E. C. M. Sel...

  1. Dathema JE (JE | WP GWP G

) the name of a fortress in Gilead to which the Jews fled when hard pressed by Timotheus. There they shut themselves in, prepared...

  1. Mordecai ben Judah Dato (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian rabbi and preacher; born 1527; lived in various places in the territory of the house of Este; died after 1585. Steinschneider...

  1. Da'ud Effendi Molko (JE | WP GWP G

) Chief of translation in the Turkish Foreign Office; born at Salonica in 1845. Da'ud is of humble parentage. His family...

  1. Daughter in Jewish Law (JE | WP GWP G

) the legal status of a daughter in Jewish law changed very materially from patriarchal times to the Talmudic era. In the former...

81 – 100[edit]

  1. Dauphiné (JE | WP GWP G

) Former province of France, now absorbed in the departments Isère, Hautes-Alpes, and La Drôme. It is supposed that...

  1. David (JE | WP GWP G

) Second King of Israel; according to I Chron. ii. 15, the youngest of the seven sons of Jesse the Bethlehemite; or, according...

  1. City of David (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J242: Jerusalem

  1. David (JE | WP GWP G

) Oriental rabbi; lived at Mosul toward the end of the twelfth century. He was a nephew of the exilarch Daniel b. Solomon (S...

  1. David (JE | WP GWP G

) A family which played an important part in the earlier annals of the Canadian Jews. Aaron Hart David: Second son of Samuel...

  1. David ben Aaron ibn Husain (JE | WP GWP G

) Moroccan poet; lived in the second half of the eighteenth century. At the end of a collection of dirges of Moroccan poets...

  1. David ben Abraham (JE | WP GWP G

) Karaite lexicographer of the tenth century. His surname "al-Fasi" shows that he came from Fez. From a reference by abu al-Faraj...

  1. David ben Abraham ha-Laban JE (JE | WP GWP G

) French religious philosopher and cabalist; lived after 1200. His grandfather, Judah, was rabbi of Coucy-le-Château. David...

  1. David b. Abraham Modena (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See D89: Modena, David b. Abraham

  1. David b. Abraham Provençal (Provenzale) (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian scholar; born before 1538; eulogized by the greatest of his contemporaries as the most eminent preacher of his century...

  1. David ben Abraham Shemariah (JE | WP GWP G

) Cabalistic writer; lived at Salonica toward the end of the sixteenth century. He wrote "Torat Emet" (The True Law), which...

  1. Maestro David of Arles (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi of Avignon in the sixteenth century. He figured prominently in a casuistic question which agitated the rabbis of Provence...

  1. David ben Aryeh Loeb of Lida (JE | WP GWP G

) Lithuanian rabbi of the seventeeth century. On hismother's side he was a nephew of R. Moses Rivkes, author of "Be&#39...

  1. David (Tevele) b. Benjamin (JE | WP GWP G

) German Talmudic scholar; born at Posen; died at Ottensee, near Hamburg, 1699. He wrote the following works: "Masoret ha-Berit"...

  1. Benjamin Ferdinand David (JE | WP GWP G

) French deputy; born at Niort, department of Deux-Sèvres, March 30, 1796; died there Jan. 24, 1879. He studied medicine...

  1. David ben Boaz JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Karaite scholar; flourished in the tenth century. He is reported to have been the fifth in the line of descent from Anan,...

  1. David Bonet Bonjorn (JE | WP GWP G

) Convert to Christianity; lived in Catalonia in the second half of the fourteenth century. He is believed to have been the...

  1. Christian Georg Nathan David (JE | WP GWP G

) Danish political economist and politician; born at Copenhagen Jan. 16, 1793; died there June 18, 1874. Christian received...

  1. David ben Elijah (JE | WP GWP G

) Hebrew scholar of the eighteenth century. He translated into Hebrew, under the title "Leshon Zahab" (A Tongue of Gold), the...

  1. Ernest David (JE | WP GWP G

) French musician; born at Nancy July 4, 1844; died at Paris June 3, 1886. He completed his musical education under Fétis...

101 to 200[edit]

101 – 120[edit]

  1. Ferdinand David (JE | WP GWP G

) Violinist and violin-teacher; born at Hamburg Jan. 19, 1810; died suddenly July 19, 1873, near Kloster, Switzerland, while...

  1. David of Fez (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See Y8: David b. Abraham

  1. David Gerson (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi at Reshid, Egypt; flourished in the middle of the seventeenth century. He was a contemporary of Mordecai ben Judah ha-Levi...

  1. David ben Hayyim ha-Kohen (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi at Corfu, and later at Patros, Greece, at the beginning of the sixteenth century. He was a pupil of Judah Minz, and...

  1. David ibn Hin (JE | WP GWP G

) Cabalist; lived at Salonica at the end of the sixteenth and at the beginning of the seventeenth century. Although blind, he...

  1. David ben Hodaya of Mosul (JE | WP GWP G

) Prince of the Davidic house; lived at Mosul (New Nineveh) about 1150-1220. His genealogy, contained in an excommunication...

  1. David ben Isaac ha-Kohen (JE | WP GWP G

) Prominent rabbinical scholar; lived at Avignon in the thirteenth century. Aaron b. Jacob ha-Kohen of Narbonne, his grandson...

  1. David ben Jacob (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi of Szerezow, government of Grodno, Russia; one of the most influential rabbis of Lithuania at the end of the eighteenth...

  1. Jacob Julius David (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian journalist and author; born at Weisskirchen, Moravia, Feb. 6, 1859. Immediately after his birth his parents removed...

  1. David ben Jacob ha-Kohen (JE | WP GWP G

) Turkish Talmudist; flourished about 1550 in Salonica. He wrote essays ("shiṭṭot") to the Talmudical orders Mo&#39...

  1. David ben Jacob Meïr JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian astrologer of the fifteenth century, and a member of the Kalonymus family. He wrote in 1464 two astrological treatises...

  1. David b. Jacob of Szczebrszyn (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish scholar; known only as the author of a commentary on the so-called "Targum Jonathan" and "Targum Yerushalmi" of the...

  1. David ben Joseph ha-Kohen (JE | WP GWP G

) Dayyan and preacher at Krotoschin, Prussia, in the eighteenth century. He was the author of "Pa'amone Zahab" (Bells of...

  1. David ben Judah (JE | WP GWP G

) Exilarch of Babylonia 820-834; successor to Iskawi II. at a time when this dignity was on the decline. His appointment was...

  1. David ben Judah (JE | WP GWP G

) German cabalist; flourished in the thirteenth century. He was not the son of Judah ha-Ḥasid (see A. Epstein in "Monatsschrift...

  1. David ben Judah (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L190: Leon

  1. David ben Kalonymus of Münzenberg (JE | WP GWP G

) German Tosafist and liturgical poet; flourished at the end of the twelfth century and the beginning of the thirteenth. He...

  1. David Kalonymus of Naples (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian scholar; lived in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. In "Kerem Ḥemed" (iii. 173) there is published a letter...

  1. David (Abu Sulaiman) al-Kumisi (JE | WP GWP G

) Karaite teacher of the tenth century, of whom little is known. As his name indicates, he was a native of the Persian province...

  1. David Lahni ben Eliezer (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi at Karasu-Bazar, in the Crimea, at the end of the seventeenth century. He was a native of Poland, whence his Tatar surname...

121 – 140[edit]

  1. David ben Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi of Narbonne, France; flourished at the end of the thirteenth century. From the fact that he speaks of R. Samuel Shekili...

  1. David ha-Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) German Talmudist; lived in the eleventh century. He is mentioned in "Mordecai" (Baba Mezi'a, 332), where his decision...

  1. David ben Menahem Cohen (JE | WP GWP G

) Dutch scholar; lived at Amsterdam in the first half of the seventeenth century. He was the author of "Mizmor le-Todah" (Song...

  1. David (Abu Sulaiman) ibn Merwan al-Mukammash al-Rakki JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Philosopher and controversialist; native of Rakka, Mesopotamia, whence his surname; flourished in the ninth and tenth centuries...

  1. Meyer Michel David (JE | WP GWP G

) Hanoverian court banker and agent of the board of finance; born in Hanover in the middle of the eighteenth century. He was...

  1. David of Milhau (JE | WP GWP G

) French liturgical poet; lived at L'Isle, France, about 1764. In Hebrew he was called (Zunz reads ). MS. No. 148 Montefiore...

  1. David (Tevele) ben Moses (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian rabbi and author; born in Turetz, in the government of Minsk, 1792; died at Minsk April 27, 1861. At the age of fifteen...

  1. David ben Moses ha-Kohen (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See T254: Toledo

  1. David ben Moses of Novogrudok (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian rabbi; born 1769; died in Novogrudok, government of Minsk, 1836. He became rabbi of that town in 1794, and held the...

  1. David Nieto Redivivus (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See D303: Deutsch, Heinrich

  1. David the Pious (JE | WP GWP G

) French scholar; lived at Château-Thierry in the second half of the twelfth and the beginning of the thirteenth century...

  1. David Raphael ben Abraham Polido (JE | WP GWP G

) Satirist; flourished in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. His name, and the factthat his work was printed in Leghorn...

  1. David Reuben (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See M714: Molko, Solomon

  1. David de Rocco (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See R360: Roquemartine, David

  1. David b. Saadia (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See D450: Dosa b. Saadia

  1. Samuel David (JE | WP GWP G

) French musician; born in Paris Nov. 12, 1836; died there Oct. 3, 1895. He received his musical education at the Conservatoire...

  1. David ben Samuel of Estella (Kokabi) (JE | WP GWP G

) Provençal scholar; flourished in the first half of the thirteenth century. He was a native of Estella, whence his name...

  1. Samuel ben Judah Löb David (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish rabbi; died in Dzialshitz, Poland, in 1751. He succeeded his father as rabbi of Shidlow, Poland, when the latter became...

  1. David b. Samuel ha-Levi JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish rabbi; born in Lodmir or Vladimir, Volhynia, about 1586 (see Grätz, "Gesch." x. 57, and "Ḳin'at Soferim...

  1. David ben Saul (JE | WP GWP G

) French rabbi; lived in the first half of the thirteenth century. He was the pupil of R. Solomon of Montpellier, and was one...

141 – 160[edit]

  1. David ben Solomon ibn Abi Zimra JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish Talmudist and cabalist; born in Spain about 1479; died at Safed, Palestine, 1589. He was thirteen years of age when...

  1. David ibn Yahya (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See I65: Ibn Yaḥya, David

  1. David ben Zakkai JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Exilarch; known in Jewish history especially for his controversy with Saadia; died in 940. He was a relative of the prince...

  1. David-Gorodok (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the government of Minsk, Russia. In 1895 it had a population of 10,086, including 4,902 Jews. The latter are mostly...

  1. Julius Davidov (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian physician; born at Goldingen, Courland, 1803; died at Moscow 1870. He graduated from the University of Dorpat in 1833...

  1. Judah Löb Davidovich (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian Hebraist; born at Wilna 1855; died at Odessa Jan. 1, 1898. He spent several years of his youth workingand studying...

  1. Arthur Lumley Davids (JE | WP GWP G

) English Orientalist; born in London 1811; died from a sudden attack of cholera July 19, 1832. At an early age he applied himself...

  1. Bogumil Davidsohn (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See D165: Dawison, Bogumil

  1. Georg Davidsohn (JE | WP GWP G

) German journalist; born at Danzig, Prussia, Dec. 19, 1835; died in Berlin Feb. 6, 1897. He was originally destined for a merchant&#39...

  1. Leon Davidsohn (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian publicist and translator; born at Kopil, government of Minsk, 1855. He was educated at an early age in the Talmud...

  1. Robert Davidsohn (JE | WP GWP G

) German journalist; younger brother of Georg Davidsohn; born at Danzig April 26, 1853. He joined his brother on the editorial...

  1. Andrew B. Davidson JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Professor of Hebrew and Oriental languages in New College, Edinburgh; born at Kirkhill, in the parish of Ellon, Aberdeenshire...

  1. Benjamin Davidson (JE | WP GWP G

) English Orientalist of Jewish birth; died 1871. He was a worker for the British Society for the Propagation of the Gospel...

  1. Ellis A Davidson (JE | WP GWP G

) English author and technologist; born at Hull 1828; died at London March 9, 1878. Going early to London, he attended the School...

  1. Thomas Davidson JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Philosopher and lecturer; born of Presbyterian parents at Deer, near Aberdeen, Scotland, Oct. 25, 1840; died at Montreal,...

  1. Diego Arias Davila (JE | WP GWP G

) Minister and confidant of King Henry IV. of Castile; born of Jewish. parents in Segovia; died in 1466. He, together with his...

  1. Solomon ben David Davin, of Rodez (JE | WP GWP G

) Astronomer; lived in the second half of the fourteenth century. He was a disciple of Immanuel of Tarascon (France). He translated...

  1. Alfred Davis (JE | WP GWP G

) Philanthropist; born in London 1811; died Jan. 6, 1870. Starting life as a general dealer, he soon commenced business on his...

  1. Frederick Davis (JE | WP GWP G

) Archeologist; born at Cheltenham 1843; died in London July 14, 1900. He was the eldest son of John Davis of Derby, and was...

  1. James (Owen Hall) Davis (JE | WP GWP G

) English playwright and journalist; born about 1848. He was educated at University College, London, and took the degree of...

161 – 180[edit]

  1. Maurice Davis (JE | WP GWP G

) English physician and philanthropist; born Oct. 8, 1821; died in London Sept. 29, 1898. Davis was one of the earliest English...

  1. Miriam Isabel Davis (JE | WP GWP G

) English painter; born in London, where, after making a tour of the galleries of Venice, Florence, and Rome, she began a systematic...

  1. Myer David Davis (JE | WP GWP G

) English educationist and writer; born in London 1830. He was educated at Jews' Free School, in which he ultimately became...

  1. Nathan Davis (JE | WP GWP G

) Traveler and archeologist; born 1812; died at Florence Jan. 6, 1882. He spent many years of his life in northern Africa, and...

  1. Bogumil Dawison (Davidsohn) (JE | WP GWP G

) Actor; born at Warsaw May 15, 1818; died at Dresden Feb. 1, 1872. In his boyhood he earned a precarious living as itinerant...

  1. Dax (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the department of Landes, France, with a population of 11,000. The number of Jews residing there is not sufficient...

  1. Day (JE | WP GWP G

) in the Bible, the season of light (Gen. i. 5), lasting "from dawn [lit. "the rising of the morning"] to the coming forth of...

  1. Day of Judgment (JE | WP GWP G

) Name given to the first of Tishri, as being the New-Year's Day. In the Bible the Day of the Blowing of the Trumpet is...

  1. Day of the Lord (JE | WP GWP G

) An essential factor in the prophetic doctrine of divine judgment at the end of time (see Eschatology), generally, though not...

  1. Lucky and Unlucky Days (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S1171: Superstition

  1. Abraham ben Isaiah Dayyan (JE | WP GWP G

) Turkish rabbi; lived at Aleppo, Asiatic Turkey, in the first half of the nineteenth century. He wrote "Shir Ḥadash"...

  1. Dayyena (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See D347: Diena

  1. Dead Body (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C145: Carcass

  1. Duty to the Dead (JE | WP GWP G

) the dead, free from all obligation (Shab. 30a), have many claims upon the living. "Their wish must be respected and fulfilled"...

  1. Dead Sea (JE | WP GWP G

) Lake in southeast Palestine, and one of the curious natural phenomena of the earth. It occupies the lowest part of the great...

  1. Deaf and Dumb in Jewish Law (JE | WP GWP G

) in Jewish legislation deaf and dumb persons are frequently classed with minors and idiots, and are considered unable to enter...

  1. Deaf-mutism (JE | WP GWP G

) Disease of the ear, generally beginning in infancy, causing deafness and consequent dumbness. As with blindness, Jews, at...

  1. Angel of Death DAB >> Death (personification) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) in the Bible death is viewed under form of an angel sent from God, a being deprived of all voluntary power. The "angel of...

  1. Views and customs concerning death (JE | WP GWP G

) the ancient Hebrews expected to "be gathered to [or sleep with] their fathers" when death befell them (Gen. xxv. 8, xlvii...

  1. Death (Statistics) (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See M808: Mortality

181 – 200[edit]

  1. Debarim (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See D292: Deuteronomy

  1. Debarim Rabbah (JE | WP GWP G

) A Midrash or homiletic commentary on the Book of Deuteronomy. Unlike Bereshit Rabbah, the Midrash to Deuteronomy which has...

  1. Isaiah ben Samuel Debash (JE | WP GWP G

) Provençal poet of the second half of the thirteenth century. Renan supposes that the surname "Debash" (honey) is the...

  1. Debe Rabbi Ishmael (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See I280: Ishmael Ben Elisha

  1. Debir (JE | WP GWP G

) A king of Eglon referred to in Josh. x. 3 et seq. The Septuagint reads Δαβὶν. Debir was one of the...

  1. The Debir (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H862: Holy of Holies

  1. Deborah (JE | WP GWP G

) 1. Rebekah's nurse, who accompanied Jacob, and died on the road to Beth-el. She was buried under a terebinth ("oak" in...

  1. The Song of Deborah (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of the triumphal ode found in Judges v. 2-31 and ascribed in the title (Judges v. 1) to Deborah; it celebrates the victory...

  1. Deborah (JE | WP GWP G

) A Jewish weekly in the German language, founded in 1855 by Isaac M. Wise and Max Lilienthal in Cincinnati, Ohio, for German...

  1. Debtor and Creditor (JE | WP GWP G

) the law-books treat under this head the incidents of payment: the kind of money that the creditor must accept; the place at...

  1. Debts of Decedents (JE | WP GWP G

) Under the old law as it is recognized in many passages of the Talmud (e.g., Ket. 81b) and implied in the Mishnah (Ket. ix...

  1. Decalogue (JE | WP GWP G

) A word, derived from the Greek, corresponding to the Biblical ; LXX. οἷ δέκα λό&#947...

  1. The Decalogue in Jewish Theology (JE | WP GWP G

) the Ten Words are designated by Philo as κεφαλαῖα νόμων...

  1. Decapitation (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C128: Capital Punishment

  1. The Decapolis (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of a district of Palestine that included a number of autonomous cities. According to Pliny ("Historia Naturalis," v....

  1. Francis Deckert JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Clerical anti-Semitic agitator; born at Vienna 1846; died there March 21, 1901. From its beginning in the eighth decade of...

  1. Judah ben Benjamin Deckingen (JE | WP GWP G

) German lexicographer of the sixteenth century. He was the pupil of Isaac of Ahrweiler, and lived as tutor at Wendersheim (1555)...

  1. Sigmund Decsey (JE | WP GWP G

) Departmental president of the Supreme Court of Budapest; born in 1839 at Aszod. He studied law at Budapest; founding with...

  1. Dedanim (JE | WP GWP G

) the descendants of the Arabian Dedan, spoken of (Isa. xxi. 13) as engaged in commerce. Dedan is first mentioned (Gen. x. 7...

  1. Dede Agatch (JE | WP GWP G

) Turkish port on the Aegean Sea, at the mouth of the Maritza, near Enos, European Turkey. It has about two hundred Jews...

201 to 300[edit]

201 – 220[edit]

  1. Dedication (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C735: Consecration or Dedication

  1. Dedication Feast (JE | WP GWP G

) See HanukḲah.

  1. Deed (JE | WP GWP G

) in English law a contract under seal. To it corresponds very closely in Jewish law the "sheṭar" (lit. "writing"); the...

  1. Deep (JE | WP GWP G

) in contradistinction to "rock," which is used figuratively for "a refuge" (Isa. xxxiii. 16; Ps. xxvii. 5, xl. 2, lxi. 3),...

  1. Defense (JE | WP GWP G

) Means of protection from assault. In Biblical times outlying farms were protected from bands of marauders by watch-towers...

  1. Song of Degrees (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P574: Psalms

  1. Dehavites (JE | WP GWP G

) the Dehavites are mentioned among the peoples settled in Samaria who opposed the reconstruction of the Temple at Jerusalem...

  1. Deiches (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish family; mentioned as early as the seventeenth century, and members of which are living in Russia and Austria. The relationships...

  1. Deism (JE | WP GWP G

) A system of belief which posits God's existence as the cause of all things, and admits His perfection, but rejects Divine...

  1. Deity (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See G282: God

  1. Miriam Del Banco (JE | WP GWP G

) American authoress; born June 27, 1867, at New Orleans; daughter of Rabbi Max Del Banco, who died shortly after her birth...

  1. David Del Bene (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian rabbi; born at Mantua in the latter half of the sixteenth century; died at Ferrara in the beginning of the seventeenth...

  1. Judah Ashael ben Eliezer David Del Bene (V04p503001jpg) (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian rabbi; born about 1618; died at Ferrara April 2, 1678. Together with Menahem Recanati he signed a halakic decision...

  1. Ben Solomon Delacrut JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish scholar; lived in the middle of the sixteenth century. He settled early in Italy, and at one time seems to have attended...

  1. Delaiah (JE | WP GWP G

) A son of Elioenai in the Davidic genealogy (I Chron. iii. 24; A. V. "Dalaiah"). The sons of Delaiah are mentioned in the long...

  1. Delaware (JE | WP GWP G

) A state on the Atlantic seaboard of the United States. The first Jew of whom anything definite is known as a resident of the...

  1. Gonçalo Delgado (JE | WP GWP G

) Portuguese Marano of the sixteenth century, and son of Juan Pinto Delgado; born at Tavira, where he occupied the position...

  1. Joseph Delgado (JE | WP GWP G

) Farmer of the revenue of Lumbrales, Castile. On July 26, 1723, he, his wife Antonia de Cardenas, and his brother Gabriel Delgado...

  1. Juan (Moses) Pinto Delgado (JE | WP GWP G

) Marano poet; born at Tavira, Portugal, about 1530; died in 1591. Going to Spain in his youth, he studied the humanities at...

  1. Elijah ben Abraham Deliatitz (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian Talmudist and rabbi of Deliatitz; flourished at the beginning of the nineteenth century. He wrote: (1) "Shene Eliyahu"...

221 – 240[edit]

  1. Nissan Deliatitz (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian rabbi and mathematician. He wrote "Keneh Ḥokmah," the meaning of which in Prov iv. 5 is "buy wisdom," but which...

  1. Delilah (JE | WP GWP G

) A woman of Sorek, loved by Samson (Judges xvi. 4-20). The chief of the Philistines bribed her to discover the source of Samson&#39...

  1. Franz Delitzsch (JE | WP GWP G

) Christian Hebraist; born at Leipsic Feb. 23, 1813; died there March 4, 1890. He was not of Jewish descent; although, owing...

  1. Delmansi (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A1483: Anaw

  1. Delmedigo (JE | WP GWP G

) A family of German descent. About the end of the fourteenth century its founder, Judah Delmedigo, emigrated to the island...

  1. Elijah Cretensis ben Moses Abba Delmedigo (JE | WP GWP G

) Cretan philosopher and physician; born in Candia in 1460; died there March, 1497 (Grätz, "Geschichte," 3d ed., viii....

  1. Elijah ben Eliezer Delmedigo (JE | WP GWP G

) Cretan rabbi and Talmudist; flourished in the second half of the sixteenth and in the first of the seventeenth century in...

  1. Joseph Solomon Delmedigo (JE | WP GWP G

) Philosopher and physician; born at Candia June 16, 1591; died at Prague Oct. 16, 1655; son of Elijah, rabbi of Candia. Joseph...

  1. Judah b. Elijah Delmedigo (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian Talmudist; born in Candia; son of the philosopher Elijah Cretensis Delmedigo; studied at Padua under Judah Minz; he...

  1. Samuel ben Moses Delugtas (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See D401: Dlugosz, Samuel ben Moses

  1. Albert Delvaille (JE | WP GWP G

) French dramatic author; born at Neuilly-sur-Seine May 30, 1870. He studied at the Ecole Monge (afterward the Ecole Carnot)...

  1. Demai (JE | WP GWP G

) Agricultural produce, the owner of which was not trusted with regard to the correct separation of the tithes. The tribe of...

  1. Demands (JE | WP GWP G

) in law the rights which a person has to recover money or things of value from others, whether by contract or for wrongs sustained...

  1. Lewis Naphtali Dembitz (JE | WP GWP G

) American lawyer, scholar, and author; born Feb. 3, 1833, at Zirke, in the province of Posen. Prussia; educated at the gymnasia...

  1. Hayyim Nathan Dembitzer JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Galician rabbi and historian; born in Cracow June 29, 1820; died there Nov. 20, 1892. His father, Jekuthiel Solomon, a scholarly...

  1. Isaac Dembo (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian physician; born at Poneviezh, government of Kovno, in 1846. Dembo studied Hebrew and rabbinical literature under the...

  1. Nicolas Dembowski (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B356: Baruch Yavan

  1. Demetrius DAB (JE | WP GWP G

) Son-in-law of King Agrippa I. When Mariamne II., daughter of Agrippa I. and sister of Agrippa II., had put away Archelaus...

  1. Demetrius JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Chronicler; supposed to have lived at Alexandria in the third century B.C. In a work entitled Πεί'&#921...

  1. Demetrius I Soter + (JE | WP GWP G

) King of Syria 162-150 B.C.; son of Seleucus IV. Philopator. He was sent by his father as a hostage to Rome in place of Antiochus...

241 – 260[edit]

  1. Demetrius II Nicator + (JE | WP GWP G

) King of Syria; son of Demetrius Soter. He was sent to Rome by his father as hostage for his fidelity. It was intended that...

  1. Demetrius III Eucerus + (JE | WP GWP G

) King of Syria; son of Antiochus Grypus. He was pretender to the throne of Antiochus X., whom he supplanted in 95 B.C. after...

  1. Pavel Pavlovich Demidov (JE | WP GWP G

) Prince of San-Donato, Russian jurist, and philanthropist; born in 1839; died in 1885. He was a member of a well-known Russian...

  1. Demoniacs in Bible and Talmud (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See E553: Exorcism

  1. Demonology (JE | WP GWP G

) Systematic knowledge concerning demons or evil spirits. Demons (Greek, δαίμονες or...

  1. Demophon DAB (JE | WP GWP G

) Apparently an officer under Lysias' command; he was Syrian general in Palestine about 164 B.C., and as such harried the...

  1. Den (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian Jewish weekly; published at Odessa (1869-71) by A. Zederbaum and I. Goldenblum, and edited by S. Ornstein. Among its...

  1. Denarius (JE | WP GWP G

) Roman silver coin, which derived its name from its being at first equal to ten asses; later this number was increased to sixteen...

  1. Albertus Denis (Dionis) (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the first members of the Portuguese community in Hamburg. On May 31, 1611, he with two others signed the agreement...

  1. Denmark (JE | WP GWP G

) A kingdom of northwestern Europe. The first mention of the Danes in Jewish literature occurs in the "Yosippon" (ed. Breithaupt...

  1. Denver (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C681: Colorado

  1. Deodatus Episcopus (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See E178: Elhanan b. Isaac of Dampierre

  1. Deposit (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B140: Bailments

  1. Georges Bernard Depping JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German-French historian; born in Münster, Germany, May 11, 1784; died in Paris Sept. 5, 1853. He went to Paris in 1803...

  1. Derasha (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H627: Hermeneutics

  1. Derazhnya (JE | WP GWP G

) Village in the government of Podolia, Russia. In 1898 it had a population of 6,118, of which 5,230 were Jews. Handicrafts...

  1. Derazhnya (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A419: Volhynia

  1. Derbent (JE | WP GWP G

) Seaport in the Russian province of Daghestan (Caucasus), on the western shore of the Caspian Sea. The city of Derbent was...

  1. Derceto (JE | WP GWP G

) A goddess of the Syrians.1. Derceto is mentioned indirectly in II Macc. xii. 26, where it is related that Judas in his expeditions...

  1. Derechin (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the government of Grodno, Russia. According to the census of 1897 it has a population of 2,289, of whom 1,573 are...

261 – 280[edit]

  1. Derek Erez (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See E504: Etiquette

  1. Derek Erez Rabbah (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the small treatises () of the Talmud. In the editions of the latter the treatise Derek Erez consists of three...

  1. Derek Erez Zuta JE (JE | WP GWP G

) An uncanonical treatise of the Babylonian Talmud. The name is misleading in more than one respect; the word "zuṭa" (small)...

  1. Derelicts (JE | WP GWP G

) Things that have been abandoned ("res nullius" in the Roman law). The Talmud treats of four kinds of things that have no owner:...

  1. Derenburg (Derenbourg) >> Joseph Derenbourg JE, Hartwig Derenbourg (JE | WP GWP G

) A Franco-German family of Orientalists. Their original home was Derenburg, a town near Halberstadt, Saxony, whence they moved...

  1. Heinrich Dernburg JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German jurist; born at Mayence March 3, 1829; brother of Friedrich Dernburg. The Dernburgs are related to the French family...

  1. Derush (JE | WP GWP G

) See Homiletics and Midrash.

  1. Gavriil Romanovich Derzhavin (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian poet and senator; born at Kazan July 15, 1743; died at Zvanka, government of Novgorod, July 20, 1816. In 1799 Derzhavin...

  1. Law of Descent (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A900: Agnates

  1. Desecration (JE | WP GWP G

) the act of diverting from a sacred to a common use. It was forbidden, as being an act of desecration, to use the anointing-oil...

  1. Desert (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See W183: Wilderness

  1. Desertion (JE | WP GWP G

) Leaving husband or wife with the intention of not returning. It must be premised that, if the husband deserted his wife and...

  1. Dessau (JE | WP GWP G

) Chief town of the duchy of Anhalt, North Germany, on the left bank of the Mulde. The settlement of Jews here dates from 1621...

  1. Moses Dessau (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See M445: Mendelssohn, Moses

  1. Moses b. Michael Dessau (JE | WP GWP G

) Talmudist of the eighteenth century; called "Dessau" after the town in which he lived. He is the author of (1) novell&#230...

  1. Wolf Dessau (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See W239: Wolf b. Joseph of Dessau

  1. Ferdinand Dessauer (Ferdinand August Dessoir) (JE | WP GWP G

) German actor; son of Leopold Dessauer; born at Breslau Jan. 29, 1836; died in Dresden April 15, 1892. He was trained for the...

  1. Gabriel L Dessauer (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian rabbi and author; born at Neutra, Hungary, in 1805; died June 1, 1878. He became a pupil of R. Moses Sopher (Schreiber)...

  1. Josef Dessauer (JE | WP GWP G

) German composer; born at Prague May 28, 1798; died at Mödling, near Vienna, July 8, 1876; a pupil of Tomaczek (piano)...

  1. Julius Dessauer (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian writer; son of Gabriel L. Dessauer; born at Neutra 1832. He was for some years rabbi at Ujpest. He has published...

281 – 300[edit]

  1. Leopold Dessauer (Ludwig Dessoir) (JE | WP GWP G

) German actor; born at Posen Dec. 15, 1810; died Dec. 30, 1874, in Berlin. Dessauer, who was known during his stage career...

  1. Moritz Dessauer (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi and author; son of Gabriel L. Dessauer; born at Balaton-Kojár, Hungary, May 24, 1842; died April 17, 1895...

  1. Felix Otto Dessoff (JE | WP GWP G

) German conductor and composer; born Jan. 14, 1835, in Leipsic; died Oct. 28, 1891, at Frankfort-on-the-Main; studied with...

  1. Ferdinand Dessoir JE (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See D277: Dessauer, Ferdinand

  1. Ludwig Dessoir (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See D277: Dessauer, Leopold.

  1. Determinism (JE | WP GWP G

) See Fatalism and Freewill.

  1. Detmold (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L445: Lippe

  1. Johann Hermann Detmold (JE | WP GWP G

) German diplomat; born at Hanover July 24,1807; died there March 17, 1856. He was the son of Detmold, the court physician at...

  1. Samuel Detmold (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian educator and translator; lived at the end of the eighteenth and in the first half of the nineteenth century. He was...

  1. Detroit (JE | WP GWP G

) Largest city in the state of Michigan. No authentic records of the settlement of Jews in the vicinity of Detroit, or in the...

  1. Deuteronomist (JE | WP GWP G

) the name given by critics to the author of the discourses in Deuteronomy. See Deuteronomy. ...

  1. Deuteronomy (JE | WP GWP G

) the fifth book of the Pentateuch, called in Hebrew "Debarim" (Words), from the opening phrase "Eleh ha-debarim."; in Rabbinical...

  1. Deuteronomy Rabbah JE (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See D182: Debarim Rabbah

  1. Alexander Deutsch (JE | WP GWP G

) French financier; died April 18, 1889. He was head of the firm of A. Deutsch & Sons, of Paris, and was one of the most...

  1. Anton Deutsch (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian journalist and politico-economic writer; born at Budapest Oct. 21, 1848. He studied in Budapest and Paris. Since...

  1. Caroline Deutsch (JE | WP GWP G

) German novelist; born at Namesto, a small Hungarian village, Feb. 23, 1846. Her father, a rabbi, was German in culture, and...

  1. David Deutsch (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; born at Zülz, Silesia, 1810; died at Sohrau, Silesia, July 31, 1873. He was brought up by his relative...

  1. David Deutsch (Aaron) (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian rabbi and Talmudic author; born in Raudnitz, Bohemia, about 1812; died at Balassa-Gyarmath, Hungary, April 26, 1878...

  1. David b. Menahem Mandel Deutsch (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian rabbi and Talmudist; born about 1760; died in 1830 at Novo Mesto (Waag-Neustadtl), Hungary. He officiated first...

  1. Emanuel Oscar Menahem Deutsch (JE | WP GWP G

) Orientalist; born at Neisse, in Silesia, Oct. 28, 1829; died at Alexandria, Egypt, May 12, 1873. His early training was conducted...

301 to 400[edit]

301 – 320[edit]

  1. Gotthard Deutsch (JE | WP GWP G

) Theologian; born at Kanitz, Austria, Jan. 31, 1859. The descendant of a rabbinical family (see Braunschweig, Jacob Eliezer)...

  1. Alexander Deutsch de Hatvan (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian merchant and financier; born at Arad Nov. 17, 1852. He was educated in Budapest and Berlin. As the head of the firm...

  1. Heinrich Deutsch (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian educator; born at Trencsen-Bán June 12, 1819; died at Budapest Dec. 18, 1889. After teaching in the elementary...

  1. Israel Deutsch (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; born in Zülz, Prussian Silesia, April 2, 1800; died in Beuthen June 7, 1853. From 1829 until his death...

  1. Joel Deutsch (JE | WP GWP G

) Hebraist and teacher of deaf-mutes; born in Nikolsburg, Moravia, March 20, 1813; died in Vienna May 1, 1899. Deutsch is remembered...

  1. Mordecai ben Enoch Judah Deutsch (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi of Kolin, Bohemia, and its subordinate communities; he flourished at the beginning of the eighteenth century. He was...

  1. Nieto Redivivus Deutsch (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See D303: Deutsch, Heinrich

  1. Simon Deutsch (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian Hebraist and revolutionist; died at Constantinople March 24, 1877. As a young man he devoted himself to Hebrew studies...

  1. Deutsch-Israelitischer Gemeindebund (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See D309: Gemeindebund, Deutsch-Israelitischer

  1. Elijah ben Isaac Deutz (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbinical author; lived at Hamburg in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He was the author of "Pi Eliyahu" (Mouth...

  1. Emmanuel (Menahem) Deutz (JE | WP GWP G

) Chief rabbi of the Central Consistory of the Jews of France; born at Coblenz, in Rhenish Prussia, 1763; died Jan. 31, 1842...

  1. Devenishki (JE | WP GWP G

) Village in the government of Wilna, Russia. The census of 1898 shows a population of 1,877, of whom 1,283 are Jews. Of the...

  1. Devil (JE | WP GWP G

) See Demonology and Satan.

  1. Devotion (JE | WP GWP G

) the state of religious consecration. It is the most essential element in worship; so that a divine service without it is "like...

  1. Devotional Literature (JE | WP GWP G

) Aside from the regular prayers, which are treated under Liturgy, there exists a literature of private devotions, prayers offered...

  1. Dew (JE | WP GWP G

) Moisture condensed from the atmosphere and gathered in small drops, specially upon the upper surface of plants. In Palestine...

  1. The Prayer for dew (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See T24: Ṭal

  1. Diego de Deza (JE | WP GWP G

) Second inquisitor-general; Bishop of Salamanca, and professor of theology at the university of that city; subsequently Archbishop...

  1. Zur'ah Yusuf ibn Tuban As'ad Abi Karib Dhu Nuwas (JE | WP GWP G

) Jewish King of Yemen, 515-525. According to the Arabian historians the name "Dhu Nuwas" was given him on account of his curly...

  1. El Dia (JE | WP GWP G

) Title of a Jewish periodical written in Judæo-Spanish and printed in rabbinical characters. It was published at Philippopolis...

321 – 340[edit]

  1. Diabetes Mellitus (JE | WP GWP G

) A constitutional disorder of nutrition, characterized by the persistent elimination of grape-sugar in the urine. It is considered...

  1. Diadem (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C901: Crown

  1. Dial (JE | WP GWP G

) Device for displaying the time by means of the shadow of a gnomon or style thrown by the rays of the sun on a graduated disk...

  1. The Dialectic (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Rabbinical Dialectics (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P318: Pilpul

  1. Dialects (JE | WP GWP G

) Under this heading are considered the various forms of those languages, other than Hebrew, which have been spoken or written...

  1. Félix Dias (JE | WP GWP G

) French painter; born at Bordeaux 1794; died May 29, 1817. From his earliest youth he betrayed marked talent for painting....

  1. Moses b. Isaac Dias (Diaz) (JE | WP GWP G

) Author, publisher, and bookseller of Amsterdam. In 1695 he published Joseph Franco Serrano's Spanish translation of the...

  1. Diaspora (JE | WP GWP G

) the Jews in their dispersion through the Greco-Roman world. In the present article the Jewish race is considered in its relations...

  1. Diathesis (JE | WP GWP G

) A predisposition to certain forms of disease. It has been observed by physicians at all times that some races are more prone...

  1. Diaz (Dias) de Soria (JE | WP GWP G

) A family of Bordeaux which derived its name from the Spanish town Soria. There is nothing to definitely warrant the belief...

  1. Dibbukim (JE | WP GWP G

) Transmigrated souls. "Dibbuk" (lit. "something that cleaves unto something else") is a colloquial equivalent, common...

  1. Diblah (JE | WP GWP G

) According to the Masorah and Septuagint, which the R. V. follows, "Diblah" is the name of a place mentioned in Ezek. vi. 14...

  1. Dibon (JE | WP GWP G

) A very ancient town, situated from three to five miles (Baedeker, "Palestine," p. 193) north of the River Arnon (Tristram...

  1. Dice (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See G58: Gambling

  1. Isaac Mayer Dick JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian Hebraist and novelist; born in Wilna 1808 (of the various dates the one given by "Achiasaf" is probably most...

  1. Leopold Dick (JE | WP GWP G

) German artist and professor of engraving; born 1817; died June 23, 1854. He studied art at the Royal Academy of Munich, and...

  1. Charles Dickens (JE | WP GWP G

) English novelist; born Feb. 7, 1812, at 387 Mile End Terrace, Commercial Road, Landport, Portsea; died June 9, 1870, at Gadshill...

  1. Bible Dictionaries (JE | WP GWP G

) Collections of articles in alphabetical order treating of the various biographical, archeological, geographical, and other...

  1. Hebrew Dictionaries (JE | WP GWP G

) the earliest known work giving a lexical survey of part of the Hebrew language, with comments, is the dictionary of Biblical...

341 – 360[edit]

  1. Didache (JE | WP GWP G

) A manual of instruction for proselytes, adopted from the Synagogue by early Christianity, and transformed by alteration and...

  1. Didascali (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C273: Catechumens, House of

  1. Didascalia (JE | WP GWP G

) A Greek work, in eight books, containing regulations of Church life, better known under the name of "Apostolic Constitutions...

  1. Denis Diderot (JE | WP GWP G

) French philosopher and encyclopedist; born at Langres Oct. 5, 1713; died at Paris July 30, 1784. Although, like all the French...

  1. Didrachma (JE | WP GWP G

) See Numismatics and Weights and Measures.

  1. Diego de Valencia (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish troubadour of the fifteenth century; born of Jewish parentage at Valencia de Don Juan, in the kingdom of Leon. After...

  1. Azriel ben Solomon Diena (Dayyena) (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi at Sabbionetta; died 1536. He was a disciple of Nathaniel Trabotto, and is mentioned with respect by R. Meïr Katzenellenbogen...

  1. David Diena (Dayyena) (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian rabbi; he lived at Rovigo at the end of the seventeenth century. He was consulted on Talmudic matters by R. Nathaniel...

  1. Jacob Dienesohn (JE | WP GWP G

) Yiddish novelist; born in Zagory (Zagaren), Russia, in 1859. He is one of the most popular Yiddish novelists of the latter...

  1. Diessenhofen (JE | WP GWP G

) City in the Swiss canton of Thurgau, connected by a bridge with the village of Gailingen in Baden. It attracted the Jews in...

  1. Dietary Laws (JE | WP GWP G

) Biblical and rabbinical regulations concerning forbidden food. Vegetable Food.A. The ancient Israelites lived chiefly on...

  1. Dietary Laws in Islam (JE | WP GWP G

) the Mohammedan dietary laws are neither as rigorous nor as numerous as in Judaism. They were not introduced into the religious...

  1. Digne (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of the department of Basses-Alpes, France. There was a Jewish community here as early as the thirteenth century. Salve...

  1. Dijon (JE | WP GWP G

) Chief town of the department of Côte-d'Or, France. Jews have been settled here from time immemorial. They occupied...

  1. Dikduk (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See G411: Grammar, Hebrew

  1. Diklah (JE | WP GWP G

) A son of Joktan (Gen. x. 27, and the corresponding genealogical list, I Chron. i. 21). The names of the other sons of Joktan...

  1. August Dillmann (JE | WP GWP G

) German theologian and Orientalist; born at Illingen, Württemberg, April 25, 1823; died at Berlin July 4, 1894. When Hengstenberg...

  1. Eliezer Dillon (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian army contractor; born at Nesvizh, government of Minsk, in the second half of the eighteenth century; died at Wilna...

  1. Maria Lvovna Dillon (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian sculptress; born at St. Petersburg in 1859. She entered the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts at St. Petersburg in 1875...

  1. Mark Lvovich Dillon (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian jurist; born at Ponevyezh Feb., 1843; educated at the yeshibah of Wilna, the gymnasium of his native town, and the...

361 – 380[edit]

  1. Dimi (JE | WP GWP G

) Amora of the fourth century who often carried Palestinian doctrinal and exegetical remarks to the Babylonian schools, and...

  1. Din (JE | WP GWP G

) Signifies (1) argument; (2) judgment; (3) laws and rules which form the basis of arguments and judgments; (4) justice, the...

  1. Giacomo Dina (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian deputy and journalist; born at Turin in 1824; died there July 16, 1879. The son of poor parents, he became a teacher...

  1. Dinah JE (JE | WP GWP G

) "Dinah" is the name of Jacob's daughter by Leah (Gen. xxx. 21). Shechem, the son of Hamor the Hivite, seduces her while...

  1. Dinaites (JE | WP GWP G

) A tribe mentioned in Ezra iv. 9 as having settled in Samaria, and as opposing and denouncing the efforts of the Jews to rebuild...

  1. Dinhabah (JE | WP GWP G

) City mentioned in the Old Testament as the capital of Idumea, and probably the birthplace of Bela, son of Beor, King of Edom...

  1. Diniz (JE | WP GWP G

) King of Portugal (1279-1325), and styled "the father of his country"; one of the most tolerant rulers of his time, and well...

  1. Diocaesarea (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S482: Sepphoris

  1. Diocletian (JE | WP GWP G

) Roman emperor (285-305). Although he was the son of Dalmatian slaves (Eutropius, ix. 19), he rose to the highest honors by...

  1. Diodatus (JE | WP GWP G

) Ruler of Syria 141-138 B.C.; born at Kasiana near Apamea. Originally an officer in the army of Alexander Balas, he opposed...

  1. Justiniano Alvares Da Annunciação Diogo (JE | WP GWP G

) Archbishop of Cranganor; born at Lisbon in 1654; died at Evora Oct. 28, 1713. Doctor of theology and canon in ordinary, he...

  1. Dion Cassius (JE | WP GWP G

) Historian; born about 155 at Nicæa in Bithynia; held the highest offices of state in the Roman empire; became consul...

  1. Festival of Dionysus (JE | WP GWP G

) Historic notices regarding a supposed festival of Dionysus in Judea do not antedate the time of the Maccabees. The general...

  1. Pedacius Dioscorides (JE | WP GWP G

) Greek physician of the first century. His "Materia Medica" is mentioned in a Hebrew medical work called "Midrash ha-Refu&#39...

  1. Diospolis (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L640: Lydda, Council of

  1. Dirge (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See K219: Kinah

  1. Legal Disabilities (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B1131: Blemish

  1. Disabilities (JE | WP GWP G

) J. E. Scherer in his "Die Rechtsverhältnisse der Juden in den Deutsch-Oesterreichischen Ländern" (Leipsic, 1901)...

  1. Discount (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C693: Commerce

  1. Diseases in the Bible and Talmud (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See M325: Medicine in Bible and Talmud

381 – 400[edit]

  1. Dishon (JE | WP GWP G

) 1. A son of Seir, and head of the aboriginal Idumean tribes (Gen. xxxvi. 21, 30; I Chron. i. 38; compare 41). 2. A son of...

  1. Disinterment (JE | WP GWP G

) the act of exhumation, or taking out of the earth or the grave. The removal of dead bodies from one place of burial to another...

  1. Joshua Löb ben Benjamin Diskin (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian rabbi; born at Grodno, Russia, Dec. 10, 1818; died at Jerusalem Jan. 22, 1898. At thirteen he married Sarah, the daughter...

  1. Disna (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the government of Wilna, Russia. According to the census of 1897, it has a population of 6,739, about 5,600 being...

  1. David ben Joel Dispeck (JE | WP GWP G

) Talmudic scholar and homilist; born about the year 1744. He studied in the yeshibah under Joshua Cohen, among his companions...

  1. Disputations >> Disputation of Paris, Disputation of Barcelona REF:JE, Disputation of Tortosa (JE | WP GWP G

) Public debates on religious subjects between Jews and non-Jews. Religious differences have at all times induced serious-minded...

  1. Benjamin D'Israeli (JE | WP GWP G

) English merchant and financier; born in Venice Sept. 22, 1730; died at Stoke Newington, London, in 1816. He went to England...

  1. Benjamin Disraeli, Earl of Beaconsfield (JE | WP GWP G

) English statesman; born at London, England, Dec. 21, 1804; died there April 19, 1881. The son of Isaac D'Israeli, he was...

  1. Isaac D'Israeli (JE | WP GWP G

) English author; born at Enfield, Middlesex, May, 1766; died at Bradenham Jan. 19, 1848. He was the only son of Benjamin D&#39...

  1. Disraeli Pedigree (JE | WP GWP G

) the following is a genealogical tree of the Disraeli family: (see image) Lord Beaconsfield could trace his ancestry only back...

  1. Distaff (JE | WP GWP G

) A stick on which flax or wool was wound ready for hand-spinning before the spinning-wheel came into use. It was held under...

  1. Leopold Ritter von Dittel JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian surgeon; born at Fulneck, Moravia, May 15, 1815; died at Vienna July 28, 1898. He was educated at the gymnasia of...

  1. Abraham Samuel Divekar (JE | WP GWP G

) Beni-Israel soldier; born near Bombay about 1830. He enlisted in the Nineteenth Regiment native infantry March 1, 1851; was...

  1. Samuel Ezekiel (Samajee Hasajee) Divekar (JE | WP GWP G

) Soldier in the service of the East India Company and second founder of the Beni-Israel congregation of Bombay; born at Cochin...

  1. Divination (JE | WP GWP G

) the forecasting of the future by certain signs or movements of external things, or by visions in certain ecstatic states of...

  1. Divine Judgment (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J693: Judgment, Divine

  1. Divine Service (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L475: Liturgy

  1. Divorce (JE | WP GWP G

) Dissolution of marriage. The origin of the Jewish law of divorce is found in the constitution of the patriarchal family. The...

  1. Dizahab (JE | WP GWP G

) Name occurring but once in the Bible—in the topographical description in Deut. i. 1. Its identity has not been successfully...

  1. Jean Dlugosz (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P401: Poland

401 to 500[edit]

401 – 420[edit]

  1. Samuel b. Moses Dlugosz (JE | WP GWP G

) Biblical commentator and poet of the seventeenth century; born in Grodno, Lithuania. He edited the Prophets and the Hagiographa...

  1. Dob Baer b. Judah Loeb (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See T321: Treves

  1. Dob Baer b. Loeb (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish rabbi; died in Lemberg 1779. In 1745 he was rabbi at Koznitz in the government of Lublin; in 1754, rabbi of Kroshnik...

  1. Dobritz (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in Bulgaria, twenty-six miles north of Varna. It contains about 200 Jews in a total population of 14,000. This little...

  1. Dobroje (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H428: Mohilev Government

  1. Dobrovelichkovka (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See K194: Krerson

  1. Moses Dobruska (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian writer and poet; born July 12, 1753, in Brünn, Moravia; guillotined April 5, 1793, at Paris. The son of a wealthy...

  1. Abraham Baer b. Joseph Ezra Dobsewitch (Dobsevage) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian Hebraist and exegete; born in Pinsk Oct. 17, 1843; died in New York Jan. 14, 1900. At the age of thirteen he had written...

  1. Ludwig Dóczy (Dux) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian poet; born at Sopron [Oedenburg], Hungary, Nov. 30, 1845. After finishing his preliminary education he studied law...

  1. Dodai (Dudai) ben Nahman (JE | WP GWP G

) Babylonian scholar of the eighth century and gaon of the academy at Pumbedita (761-764). Little is known of his life. He was...

  1. Dodanim (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of sons of Javan, brothers to Elishah, Tarshish, and the Kittim, in the ethnographic table in Genesis (x. 4). The ancestor...

  1. Dodavah (JE | WP GWP G

) the father of Eliezer of Mareshah (II Chron. xx. 37). The latter preached against the alliance between Jehoshaphat and Ahaziah...

  1. Dodo (JE | WP GWP G

) 1. The father of Eleazar, "one of the three mighty men with David, when they defiedthe Philistines that were there gathered...

  1. Doeg (JE | WP GWP G

) An Edomite; chief of the herdsmen of Saul. When David, warned by Jonathan, fled from Saul to the priest Abimelech at Nob,...

  1. Dog (JE | WP GWP G

) the dog referred to in the Bible is the semisavage species seen throughout the East, held in contempt for its fierce, unsympathetic...

  1. Christian Wilhelm von Dohm (JE | WP GWP G

) German historian and political writer; advocate of the Jews, and friend of Moses Mendelssohn; born in Lemgo Dec. 11, 1751...

  1. Dokshitzy (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the government of Minsk, Russia. The census of 1897 shows a population of 3,647 (other authorities place it at 5,720)...

  1. Dolan Bellan (JE | WP GWP G

) French physician; lived at Carcassonne in the fourteenth century. He was a contemporary of the physician Jacob de Lunel, who...

  1. Selina Dolaro (JE | WP GWP G

) Anglo-American actress and singer; born at London in 1852; died in New York city Jan. 23, 1889. She studied music at the Paris...

  1. Menahem Mendel Dolitzki (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian Hebrew poet; born in Byelostok April 3, 1856. He began to compose poetry and prose very early, often supplementing...

421 – 440[edit]

  1. Public Domain (JE | WP GWP G

) As distinguished from private domain (), public domain is prominent in many branches of rabbinic lore, especially in the law...

  1. Dombrova (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See G439: Grodno

  1. Dombrovitza (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the government of Volhynia, Russia. It has a total population of about 25,000, including 6,000 Jews, about 1,000 of...

  1. Esther Domeier (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B879: Bernard

  1. Domicil (JE | WP GWP G

) Place of abode; dwelling; the place where a man has his true, fixed, permanent home and principal establishment, and to which...

  1. Dominicans (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See F384: Friars

  1. Dominico Irosolimitano JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Talmudist, physician, author, and expurgator of Hebrew books; born in Safed, Palestine, about 1550; died in Italy about 1620...

  1. Domitian (JE | WP GWP G

) Roman emperor 81-96; born in 51; assassinated in 96. In 69, when his father Vespasian was proclaimed emperor, Domitian was...

  1. Flavia Domitilla (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See F198: Flavia Domitilla

  1. Domninus (JE | WP GWP G

) Jewish philosopher; lived between 400 and 480. He was a native of Laodicea, or Larissa, in Syria; the pupil of Syrian, whom...

  1. Domus Conversorum (JE | WP GWP G

) House in London founded by order of Henry III. in the year 1232 to provide a home and free maintenance for Jews converted...

  1. Eduard Donath (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian chemist; born in Wsetin, Moravia, Dec. 8, 1848. He became assistant in Zinřck's chemical institute in Berlin...

  1. Leopold Donath (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi; born 1845 at Waag-Neustadtl, Hungary; died 1876 at Güstrow, Mecklenburg; pupil of Israel Hildesheimer. After studying...

  1. Cesare Donati (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian novelist; born at Lugo, Romagna, Sept. 21, 1826. Persecuted by the Austrian government for having taken part in the...

  1. Marco Donati (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian lawyer; born in Padua Sept. 4, 1842; died at Terni June 11, 1901. Before he had completed his academic career he left...

  1. Donato D'Orvieto (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See N105: Nathan Jedidiah ben Eliezer

  1. Nicholas Donin of La Rochelle JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Jewish convert to Christianity; lived at Paris in the first half of the thirteenth century. Having expressed his doubts as...

  1. Dönmeh (JE | WP GWP G

) A sect of crypto-Jews, descendants of the followers of Shabbethai Zebi, living to-day mostly in Salonica, European Turkey:...

  1. Donnolo JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian physician, and writer on medicine and astrology; born at Oria, in 913; died after 982. When twelve years of age he...

  1. Door and Door-post (JE | WP GWP G

) Doors were suspended and moved by means of pivots of wood ("potot") which projected from the ends of the two folds above and...

441 – 460[edit]

  1. Dorbolo JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi about 1150; he traveled much, and knew Poland, Russia, Bohemia, France, and Germany from his own observations. Some...

  1. Doris DAB (JE | WP GWP G

) First wife of Herod, whom he married about 45 B.C. The names of her parents are not mentioned, probably because they belonged...

  1. David Abravanel Dormido (JE | WP GWP G

) Warden of the Jewish communities at Amsterdam and London in the seventeenth century; born in one of the principal cities of...

  1. Meïr ha-Levi Dormitzer (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian scholar; died at Prague Jan. 25, 1743. He was the author of a work entitled "Ha'atakah" (Translation),...

  1. Doros (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C888: Crimea

  1. Dorotheus DAB (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of Nathanael; one of the embassy sent by the Jews to Rome in 45 C.E., and which induced the emperor Claudius to consent...

  1. Dortmund (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of the circle of the same name, in the district of Arnsberg and the Prussian province of Westphalia, situated on the...

  1. Dosa (JE | WP GWP G

) Father of the tannaite Ḥanina b. Dosa, famous for his piety.S. S. W. B. ...

  1. Dosa (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora, probably of the fourth century. The Jerusalem Talmud has preserved two of his halakic decisions, and Midrashic...

  1. Dosa ben Saadia (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of Saadia Alfayyumi. Dosa was a Talmudic scholar and philosopher, but he did not succeed his father as gaon. A responsum...

  1. Dosa b. Tebet (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the fourth century, in whose name the following curious sentences on the two most dangerous instincts...

  1. Dosetai JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A name, corresponding to the Hebrew "Mattaniah" or "Nethaneel," which seems to have been a favorite one both in Palestine...

  1. Dositheus JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Founder of a Samaritan sect; lived probably in the first century of the common era. According to Pseudo-Tertullian ("Adversus...

  1. Dostoyevski (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See R479: Russia

  1. Dough (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H138: Ḥallah

  1. Dove (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the most familiar species of pigeon. The most common term for dove in the O. T. is "yonah," comprising the whole family...

  1. Dowry (JE | WP GWP G

) the portion or property which a wife brings to her husband in marriage. In patriarchal times the dowry was not known. As among...

  1. Doxology (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L475: Liturgy

  1. Abraham Drabkin (JE | WP GWP G

) Chief rabbi of St. Petersburg, Russia; born of an old-established family at Mohilev on the Dnieper in 1844. When only a boy...

  1. David Paul Drach (JE | WP GWP G

) Librarian of the Propaganda in Rome; born at Strasburg March 6, 1791; died in Rome Jan., 1865. Drach received his early education...

461 – 480[edit]

  1. Drachma (JE | WP GWP G

) See Numismatics and Weights.

  1. Bernard Drachman (JE | WP GWP G

) American educator and rabbi; born in New York city June 27, 1861. He is a descendant of a rabbinical family, and was educated...

  1. El Dragoman (JE | WP GWP G

) Title of a Jewish periodical written in Judæo-Spanish and printed in square Hebrew characters, published in Vienna in...

  1. Dragon (JE | WP GWP G

) the usual translation of the Septuagint for , dangerous monster whose bite is poisonous ("dragons' poison") (Deut. xxxii...

  1. Draguignan (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of the department of Var, France. There was a Jewish community here in the thirteenth century. The poet Isaac Gorni...

  1. Drama (JE | WP GWP G

) City of European Turkey in the vilayet of Salonica, 25 miles from Serrès. It is the ancient Drabescus. Its small Jewish...

  1. Hebrew Drama (JE | WP GWP G

) the origin of the Hebrew drama may be traced back to a very early period. The ancient Hebrews, like other nations of antiquity...

  1. The Jew in Modern Drama (JE | WP GWP G

) General Characteristics. The modern drama, which may be said to date from Christopher Marlowe and Shakespeare, has made liberal...

  1. Yiddish Drama (JE | WP GWP G

) the dramatic part of Yiddish literature has had a less independent development than any other of its parts, and is consequently...

  1. Drawer of Water (JE | WP GWP G

) A proverbial expression always found in connection with "hewer of wood" (Deut. xxix. 11; Josh. ix. 21, 23, 27). When the fraud...

  1. Dreams (JE | WP GWP G

) Dreams have at all times and among all peoples received much attention. In the youth of a nation, as in the youth of an individual...

  1. Markus G Dreifus (JE | WP GWP G

) Swiss teacher and editor; born at Endingen, canton Aargau, Switzerland, 1812; died at Zurich May 30, 1877. After attending...

  1. Menahem ben Abraham Dreifus (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi and writer; he belonged to the widely related Treves family and signed himself . For many decades he was rabbi...

  1. Leopold Dreschfeld (JE | WP GWP G

) Physician and communal worker; born in Bamberg, Bavaria, 1824; died at Manchester, England, Oct. 21, 1897. He studied medicine...

  1. Dresden (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of the kingdom of Saxony; situated on both banks of the Elbe. The presence of Jews in the city or in its vicinity...

  1. Dreux (JE | WP GWP G

) Chief town of the arrondissement of the department of Eure-et-Loire, France. From the twelfth century, Jews were living in...

  1. Abraham Dreyfus (JE | WP GWP G

) French journalist and dramatist; born at Paris June 21, 1847. His first literary efforts took the form of two poetic fantasies...

  1. Captain Alfred Dreyfus (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See D482: Dreyfus Case

  1. Ferdinand Dreyfus (JE | WP GWP G

) French politician and deputy; born at Paris May 5, 1849. He became editor of the "Siècle," and was elected by the Republican...

  1. Ferdinand-Camille Dreyfus JE (JE | WP GWP G

) French politician; born in Paris Aug. 19, 1851. After a classical and commercial education he prepared himself for the Ecole...

481 – 500[edit]

  1. Samuel Dreyfus (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi of Mülhausen, Alsace; died June, 1870. He was one of the earliest pupils of the rabbinical school of Metz, having...

  1. Dreyfus Case (L'Affaire Dreyfus) >> Investigation and the arrest of Alfred Dreyfus JE, Trial and conviction of Alfred Dreyfus JE, Picquart's Investigations of the Dreyfus Affair JE, Others look into the Dreyfus Affair JE, The public scandal of the Dreyfus Affair JE, Resolution of the Dreyfus Affair JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Memorable trials of Capt. Alfred Dreyfus, officer in the French army, in 1894 and 1899, involving political complications...

  1. Louis Lucien Dreyfus-Brisac (JE | WP GWP G

) French physician; born at Strasburg Feb. 3, 1849; died May 5, 1903; studied in his native city, and afterward at the Paris...

  1. Dribin (JE | WP GWP G

) See Mohilev Government.

  1. Drink-offering (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S35: Sacrifice, The

  1. Drinking-vessels (JE | WP GWP G

) Less is known of the form and material of the drinking-vessels of the Hebrews than of those of the Greeks and the Romans....

  1. Drissa ((Vyerhnyadzvinsk, Verkhnedvinsk)) 55°47′N 27°56′E / 55.783°N 27.933°E / 55.783; 27.933 (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian city in the government of Vitebsk. The population in 1897 was 4,237, of whom 2,856 were Jews. There were 657 artisans...

  1. Samuel Rolles Driver (JE | WP GWP G

) English Christian Hebraist; born at Southampton Oct. 2, 1846; regius professor of Hebrew (in succession to Pusey), and canon...

  1. Israel Nahman ben Joseph Drohobiczer (JE | WP GWP G

) Talmudic scholar and preacher of Stanislaw (according to Ghirondi he came from Ostrog, Russia); died at Safed early in the...

  1. Dromedary (JE | WP GWP G

) A variety or choice breed of the camel proper, or one-humped camel; much tallerand longer in the leg than the ordinary camel...

  1. Moses Aaron Dropsie (JE | WP GWP G

) American lawyer, and president of Gratz College; born in Philadelphia, Pa., March 9, 1821; died there July 8, 1905. He began...

  1. Droshchin (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See G439: Grodno

  1. Hayyim b. Jacob Drucker (JE | WP GWP G

) Printer of Amsterdam at the end of the seventeenth and the beginning of the eighteenth century. His activity as a typesetter...

  1. Michael Drucker (JE | WP GWP G

) Musician; born in Russian Poland Dec. 31, 1861. At the age of five he began the study of the violin under his father, and...

  1. Druisk (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See K387: Kovno

  1. Edouard Adolphe Drumont (JE | WP GWP G

) French anti-Semitic author and former deputy from Algeria; born at Paris on May 3, 1844. Drumont's ancestry is not Jewish...

  1. Drunkenness in Law << Alcohol_intoxication (JE | WP GWP G

) the Talmud speaks only once of drunkenness in its relation to responsibility for contracts or for crimes; namely, in the following...

  1. Drusilla (JE | WP GWP G

) Daughter of Agrippa I. and Cypros (Josephus, "Ant." xviii. 5, § 4; idem, "B. J." ii. 11, § 6); born in 38. She was...

  1. Dual (JE | WP GWP G

) Form of a noun or verb indicating its application to two persons or things. Arabic is the only Semitic language that has the...

  1. Dualism (JE | WP GWP G

) the system in theology which explains the existence of evil by assuming two coeternal principles—one good, the other...

Directory of articles

A1 - A2 - A3 - A4 - A5 - B1 - B2 - B3 - B4 - C1 - C2 - D1 - D2 - E1 - E2 - F - G1 - G2 - H1 - H2 - H3 - I - J1 - J2 - K - L1 - L2 - M1 - M2 - M3 - N - O - P1 - P2 - Q - R - S1 - S2 - S3 - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z