Wikipedia:Jewish Encyclopedia topics/F

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1 to 100[edit]

1 – 20[edit]

  1. Fable (JE | WP GWP G

) A moral allegory in which beasts, and occasionally plants, act and speak like human beings. It is distinct from the beast-tale...

  1. Da'ud abu al-Fadl JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Karaite physician; born at Cairo 1161; died there about 1242. Having studied medicine under the Jewish physician Hibat Allah...

  1. Fadus Cuspius (JE | WP GWP G

) Procurator of Judea after the death of Agrippa I. Appointed by Emperor Claudius in 44 C.E., he went to Palestine in the same...

  1. Faenza (JE | WP GWP G

) City in the province of Ravenna, and the family seat of the Finzi according to a tradition of the family; Mazlia&#7717...

  1. Paul Fagius (Paul Büchlein) (JE | WP GWP G

) Christian Hebraist; born at Rheinzabern, in the Kurpfalz, 1504; died at Cambridge, England, Nov. 13, 1549. He studied at the...

  1. Fairs (JE | WP GWP G

) Periodical assemblies for the purchase and the sale of goods. Talmudic authorities were opposed to the attendance of Jews...

  1. Fairy-tales (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See F245: Folk-Tales

  1. Faith (JE | WP GWP G

) in Biblical and rabbinical literature, and hence in the Jewish conception, "faith" denotes not belief in a dogmatic sense...

  1. Baruch ben Solomon Faitusi (JE | WP GWP G

) Preacher in Tunis toward the end of the eighteenth century. He was inclined toward mystical and cabalistic studies. His "Me&#7731...

  1. Jacob ben Abraham Faitusi JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Talmudist; lived in Tunis, and later in Jerusalem; died at Algiers July, 1812. He traveled in the interest of the Jerusalem...

  1. Falaise (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of the arrondissement of the department of Calvados, in Normandy, France, and till 1206 under English rule. It seems...

  1. Shem-Tob ben Joseph Falaquera (Palquera) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish philosopher and poet: born 1225; died after 1290. He was well versed in Arabic and Greek philosophy, and had a fine...

  1. Falashas (JE | WP GWP G

) Jews of Abyssinia. A colony of Jews exists in Abyssinia known under the denomination of "Falashas" or "Emigrants." They are...

  1. Falces (JE | WP GWP G

) A town near Lerin, Navarre. Its Jewish community suffered greatly during the persecution of 1328. In 1366 it contained only...

  1. Falcon (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P518: Prey, Birds of

  1. Abraham Aboab Falero (JE | WP GWP G

) Portuguese philanthropist; died at Verona 1642. At the beginning of the seventeenth century or perhaps even at the end of...

  1. Eduard Falk (JE | WP GWP G

) German publicist; died in Paris July 7, 1863. Originally destined for a mercantile career, he later turned to study, and after...

  1. Hayyim Samuel Jacob Falk JE (JE | WP GWP G

) English cabalist and mystic; born about 1708; died in London April 17, 1782. Some writers give Fürth, others Podolia...

  1. Jacob Joshua ben Zebi Hirsch Falk JE (JE | WP GWP G

) See Jacob Joshua ben Zebi Hirsch Falk.

  1. Joshua ben Alexander ha-Kohen Falk JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish Talmudist; born at Lublin; died at Lemberg March 29, 1614. His name occurs as "RaFaK" (= "R. Falk Kohen") and "Ma-HaRWaK"...

21 – 40[edit]

  1. Max Falk (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian statesman and journalist; born at Budapest Oct. 7, 1828. The straitened circumstances of his parents threw him at...

  1. Issachar Behr Falkensohn (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B538: Behr, Issachar Falkensohn

  1. Ferdinand Falkson JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician and political writer; born at Königsberg Aug. 20, 1820; died there Aug. 31, 1900. He was educated at...

  1. Fall of angels (JE | WP GWP G

) in Apocalyptic Writings. The conception of fallen angels—angels who, for wilful, rebellious conduct against God, or...

  1. Fall of Man (JE | WP GWP G

) A change from the beatific condition, due to the alleged original depravity of the human race. The events narrated in Gen...

  1. Fallow Deer (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See R338: Roebuck

  1. False Imprisonment (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See I121: Imprisonment

  1. False Witness (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See E530: Evidence

  1. Falsehood (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L641: Lying

  1. Famiglia Israelitica (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C779: Corfu

  1. Familianten Gesetz JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A law which required every Jew in "the countries of the Bohemian crown" (Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia) to obtain a special...

  1. Famille de Jacob (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Family and Family Life (JE | WP GWP G

) the family includes either those who are descended from a common progenitor, as "bet Dawid," the house (dynasty) of David...

  1. Family vault (JE | WP GWP G

) An exclusive burial-place for the members of a family. The desire of the ancient Hebrews to "lie with their fathers," and...

  1. Famine (JE | WP GWP G

) A general scarcity of food, resulting as from drought, war, hail, flood, or insects. The land of Canaan is said in the Bible...

  1. De Fanciulli (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A837: Adolescentoli

  1. Fano (JE | WP GWP G

) Small town in the Papal States near Pesaro. Jewish bankers of Fano are known to have had a large financial transaction with...

  1. Fano >> Ezra ben Isaac Fano JE, Jacob Fano JE, Menahem Azariah da Fano JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of an Italian family, members of which have been prominent as scholars since the sixteenth century. Among them the following...

  1. Jucefe (Joseph) Faquin (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish traveler of the fourteenth century; lived first at Barcelona, but settled in Majorca after having made a tour of the...

  1. Al-Farabi (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A1190: Alfarabi

41 – 60[edit]

  1. Faraj ben Salim (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian physician and translator; flourished in the second half of the thirteenth century. He was engaged by King Charles...

  1. Jacob al-Faraji (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi at Alexandria, Egypt, in the middle of the seventeenth century; brother-in-law of Shabbethai Nawawi, rabbi of Rashid...

  1. Estori Farhi (Parhi) (JE | WP GWP G

) Explorer of Palestine; born about 1282 at Florenza, Spain; died in Palestine, probably in 1357. His father, Moses, sent him...

  1. Hayyim Mu'allim Farhi (JE | WP GWP G

) Minister of the Pasha of Damascus and Acre; born at Damascus about the middle of the eighteenth century; assassinated in 1820...

  1. Isaac Farhi (JE | WP GWP G

) Dayyan and almoner of Jerusalem; born at Safed; died at Jerusalem May 11, 1853. About 1840 Farchi was sent to Europe...

  1. Joseph Shabbethai Farhi (JE | WP GWP G

) Talmudic scholar and cabalist; born at Jerusalem about 1802; died at Leghorn, Italy, in 1882. Farchi was an earnest cabalist...

  1. Juan de Faria (JE | WP GWP G

) Marano poet. While residing at Brussels in 1672 he wrote a poem in honor of his friend Miguel de Barrios' "Coro de las...

  1. Abraham ben Mordecai Farissol (Perizol) (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian scholar and geographer; born at Avignon, France, 1451; died, according to Grätz ("Geschichte," ix. 44), in 1525...

  1. Jacob ben Hayyim Comprat Vidal Farissol (JE | WP GWP G

) Liturgical poet; born at Avignon; grandson of Vitalis Farissol, one of the three chief bailiffs of Avignon in 1400. He was...

  1. Judah Farissol (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian mathematician and astronomer; flourished at Mantua at the end of the fifteenth century. In 1499 he wrote "Iggeret...

  1. Benjamin L Farjeon (JE | WP GWP G

) English-Jewish novelist; born in London 1833; died there July 23, 1903; educated at private schools. He emigrated to New Zealand...

  1. Albert Farkas (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian journalist; born at Szilágy Somlyó Aug. 1, 1842; attended the gymnasium at Kolozsvár (Klausenburg)...

  1. Gyula (Julius) Farkas JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian mathematician and physicist; born at Puszta Sárosd March 28, 1847; attended the gymnasium at Györ (Raab)...

  1. Farmer of Taxes (JE | WP GWP G

) See Tax-Farming.

  1. Farming on Shares (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L52: Landlord and Tenant

  1. Faro (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of the Portuguese province of Algarve. It was the seat of the district rabbi, or chief justice, appointed by the chief...

  1. Abraham Farrar (Ferrar) (JE | WP GWP G

) Portuguese physician and poet; born at Porto; died at Amsterdam 1663. After practising medicine at Lisbon, Farrar emigrated...

  1. Hirsch Bär Fassel (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian rabbi and author; born at Boskowitz, Moravia, Aug. 21, 1802; died at Nagy-Kanizsa, Hungary, Dec. 27, 1883. After...

  1. Fasting and Fast-days (JE | WP GWP G

) Fasting is usually defined as a withholding of all natural food from the body for a determined period voluntarily appointed...

  1. Fat (JE | WP GWP G

) the rendering in the English versions of the Hebrew word "Cheleb," an animal substance of an oily character deposited...

61 – 80[edit]

  1. Fatalism (JE | WP GWP G

) the doctrine that every event is predestined and must inevitably take place. According to Josephus, the question of fate&#8212...

  1. Fate-books (JE | WP GWP G

) See Lots, Books of.

  1. Father (JE | WP GWP G

) the word denotes primarily the begetter or genitor of an individual. In a looser sense it is used to designate the grandfather...

  1. Fattori (JE | WP GWP G

) the executive body of the Roman community, consisting of three persons elected for one, later for one-half, year, by the representatives...

  1. Sir George Faudel-Phillips, Bart (JE | WP GWP G

) Lord mayor of London (1896-97); second son of Sir Benjamin Samuel Phillips; born in 1840. George Phillips, who derived the...

  1. Fault (JE | WP GWP G

) Harmful neglect of duty. The "culpa" of Roman law is treated to some extent under the heads of Accident and Bailments, the...

  1. Ladislaus Fayer (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian jurist; born at Kecskemé in 1842. In 1870 he received the degree of doctor of law, three years later becoming...

  1. Fayyum (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See E67: Egypt

  1. Al-Fayyumi (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S4: Saadia ben Joseph Gaon

  1. Nathanael al-Fayyumi (JE | WP GWP G

) Talmudic scholar and philosopher; flourished in Yemen about the middle of the twelfth century. He wrote a philosophical work...

  1. Fear of God (JE | WP GWP G

) the Hebrew equivalent of "religion." It is the mainspring of religion, morality, and wisdom, and is productive of material...

  1. Fear of Man (JE | WP GWP G

) Respect of parents is especially enjoined by both Scripture and Talmud (Ex. xx. 12; Deut. v. 16). The Talmud makes reverence...

  1. Feasts (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See F125: Festivals

  1. Tobias Gutmann Feder (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish poet and grammarian, born at Przedborz about 1760; died at Tarnopol, Galicia, 1817. He followed in turn the professions...

  1. Federation of American Zionists (JE | WP GWP G

) Zionist association organized in 1897 under the name of "Federation of Zionist Societies of Greater New York and Vicinity...

  1. Fee (JE | WP GWP G

) A payment for service done or to be done, usually for professional or special services, the amount being usually fixed by...

  1. Washing of Feet (JE | WP GWP G

) Since the Israelites, like all other Oriental peoples, wore sandals instead of shoes, and as they usually went barefoot in...

  1. Joseph Feilbogen (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian rabbi; born 1784; died at Strassnitz, Moravia, March 3, 1869. He officiated as rabbi successively at Piesling, Pirnitz...

  1. Gabriel Fabian Feilchenfeld (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi and author; born at Schlichtingsheim, Silesia, June 18, 1827. He received his first training in rabbinical literature...

  1. Solomon Feinberg (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian financier and philanthropist; born at Yurburg, near Kovno, in 1821; died at Königsberg, Prussia, May 21, 1893...

81 – 100[edit]

  1. Aryeh Löb Feinstein (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian scholar; born at Damachev, near Brest-Litovsk, Dec. 6, 1821; died there Jan. 20, 1903. Feinstein studied the Talmud...

  1. Jacob Feis (JE | WP GWP G

) German merchant and author; died on July 7, 1900, in London, where he had resided for many years. He devoted his literary...

  1. Levy Feistel (JE | WP GWP G

) French army officer; born 1789; died 1855. After receiving a Talmudic training, he went to Mayence in 1806, and was admitted...

  1. Uri Shraga ben Solomon Feiwel (Phoebus) (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi of Dubrovno, government of Mohilev, Russia, at the end of the eighteenth century and at the beginning of the nineteenth...

  1. Joseph Fekete (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian journalist; born in Kecskemét Nov. 19, 1854; studied law at Berlin and Leipsic. At the latter city he founded...

  1. Louis Felberman (JE | WP GWP G

) Author and journalist; born in Hungary in 1861. In 1881 he went to England, and subsequently joined the staff of the society...

  1. Julius Feld (JE | WP GWP G

) Rumanian artist; born at Botuschany, Rumania, June 21, 1871. At an early age he went to France and studied at the Ecole des...

  1. Sigmund Feld (Rosenfeld) (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian actor and theatrical manager; born at Spácza, Hungary, 1849. In 1867 he appeared at the Josefstädter Theater...

  1. Feldkirch (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See T376: Tyrol

  1. Wilhelm Feldman (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish author; born at Warsaw 1868. Since 1886 he has published the following works, in which he advocates theassimilation...

  1. Leopold Feldmann (JE | WP GWP G

) German dramatist; born at Munich May 22, 1802; died in Vienna March 26, 1882. He was one of the most prolific farce- and comedy-writers...

  1. Hugo Feleki (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian physician; born at Lovasberény March 23, 1861; studied medicine at the University of Budapest, where he became...

  1. Felix (Antonius Felix) (JE | WP GWP G

) Procurator of Judea. Felix, who was a freedman of the empress Antonia, was administrator of Samaria, and probably of Judea...

  1. Elisa-Rachel Félix (JE | WP GWP G

) French actress; born in the Soleil d'Or, the principal inn of the village of Munf, in the canton Aargau, Switzerland,...

  1. Ludwig Felix (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian economist; born at Horitz, Bohemia, Feb. 22, 1830. He attended lectures on commerce in Vienna, and devoted himself...

  1. Felix Pratensis JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Jewish apostate; born at Prato, Italy, in the second half of the fifteenth century; died at Rome in 1539. He received a good...

  1. Rebecca Félix (JE | WP GWP G

) French actress; born at Lyons 1829; died at Eaux-Bonnes June 19, 1854. She gave early evidence of talent, was trained by her...

  1. Sophie Félix (JE | WP GWP G

) French actress; eldest of the sisters of Elisa-Rachel Félix (Rachel); born in a small village near Frankfort-on-the-Main...

  1. Bernhard Felsenthal (JE | WP GWP G

) German-American rabbi and author; born Jan. 2, 1822, at Münchweiler, near Kaiserslautern, Germany. He was educated at...

  1. Fence to the Law (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See G203: Gezerah

101 to 200[edit]

101 – 120[edit]

  1. Fences (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B1368: Boundaries

  1. Adolf Fényes (Fischmann) (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian painter; born at Kecskemét April 28, 1867; son of J. H. Fischmann, rabbi of that town. Though he first attracted...

  1. Adolf Fenyvessy (JE | WP GWP G

) Chief of the bureau of stenography of the Hungarian Parliament; born at Zala-Egerszeg 1837; completed his studies at Sz&#233...

  1. Feodosi Pecherski (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See K211: Kiev

  1. Boris Ferber (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian author; born in Jitomir 1859; died in St. Petersburg 1895. He entered the University of St. Petersburg, where he took...

  1. Ferdinand II (JE | WP GWP G

) Emperor of Germany; born July 9, 1578; elected Aug. 28, 1619; died Feb. 15, 1637. On the whole his reign was favorable for...

  1. Ferdinand III (JE | WP GWP G

) King of Castile and Leon; son of Alfonso IX., King of Leon, and the pious Berenguela; born 1200; ascended the throne 1217...

  1. Ferdinand IV (JE | WP GWP G

) King of Castile and Leon (1295-1312); son of Sancho IV.; came to the throne in his youth. He had for his confidential friend...

  1. Ferdinand and Isabella (JE | WP GWP G

) King of Spain; born 1452; died 1516; son of Juan II. of Aragon by his second wife, Juana Enriquez, daughter of Fredrique Enriquez...

  1. Philip Ferdinand (JE | WP GWP G

) Hebrew teacher; born in Poland about 1555; died at Leyden, Holland, 1598. After an adventurous career on the Continent, during...

  1. Fermosa JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A Jewess of Toledo named "Rahel," afterward called "Fermosa" (The Beautiful) because of her rare beauty. She held Alfonso...

  1. Manuel Fernandez da Villareal (JE | WP GWP G

) Political economist and dramatist; born in Lisbon of Marano parents. He attended the University of Madrid, and served for...

  1. Philip Fernandez (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See F110: Ferdinand, Philip

  1. Francisco Fernandez y Gonzalez (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish Orientalist; professor in the University of Madrid; member of the Academia de la Historia. He is a son-in-law of the...

  1. Aaron Fernando (JE | WP GWP G

) Teacher and reformer at Leghorn, Italy; died 1830. He held a position under the first Napoleon, for whom he had the greatest...

  1. Ferrara (JE | WP GWP G

) City in central Italy; capital of the province and former duchy of the same name. The Jewish community of Ferrara was one...

  1. Ferrara Bible (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B1028: Bible, Editions

  1. Moses ben Meïr Ferrara (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian tosafist of the thirteenth century. He was a contemporary of Eleazar ben Samuel and of Isaiah ben Mali. No details...

  1. Ferreolus (JE | WP GWP G

) Bishop of Uzès, France (553-581). As soon as he had obtained the bishopric he showed great zeal in trying to convert...

  1. Vicente Ferrer (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish Dominican preacher; born at Valencia Jan. 23, 1350; died at Vannes, France, April 5, 1419. Basnage supposes that he...

121 – 140[edit]

  1. Ferret (JE | WP GWP G

) the rendering in the Authorized Version of the Hebrew "anakah" (Lev. xi. 30). The Septuagint has μυγ&#940...

  1. Peter Ferrus (JE | WP GWP G

) Jewish convert to Christianity; lived in Spain in the fifteenth century. A poet of ability, he exercised his talents in deriding...

  1. Comprat Vidal Ferussol (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See F49: Farissol, Jacob ben Ḥayyim

  1. Sigismund Fessler (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian lawyer and author; born at Vienna Aug. 26, 1845; educated at the gymnasium and university of that city. He was appointed...

  1. Festivals (JE | WP GWP G

) the Hebrews designated a festival by the word "Chag" (the Arabic "Chajj"), originally implying a choragic rhythmic...

  1. Porcius Festus (JE | WP GWP G

) Procurator of Judea about 60-62 C.E., after Felix (Josephus, "Ant." xx. 8, § 9; "B. J." ii. 14, § 1). Although he...

  1. Fetters (JE | WP GWP G

) Chains or shackles by which the feet may be fastened either together or to some heavy object. The most usual term for fetters...

  1. Vincent Fettmilch (JE | WP GWP G

) Leader of the gilds of Frankfort-on-the-Main against the Jews in 1612, and instigator of the riots which led to the expulsion...

  1. Nathaniel Feuer (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian oculist; born in Szobotiszt, Hungary, Aug. 18, 1844. He studied at the University of Vienna (M.D., 1872). Assistant...

  1. Karl Feust (JE | WP GWP G

) German jurist; son of the chief rabbi of Bamberg; born at Bamberg Oct. 9, 1798; died at Fürth Aug. 19, 1872. Having been...

  1. Fez (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of the province of Fez in the sultanate of Morocco; built in the year 808 by Imam Idris II., who founded in Morocco...

  1. David of Fez (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See F131: Fez

  1. Joseph ben Solomon Fiametta (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi of Ancona, Italy; died in 1721. His name iswritten variously: Wolf, in the Latin transcription of his name, gives "Flamneta"...

  1. Benjamin-Eugène Fichel (JE | WP GWP G

) French painter; born in Paris Aug. 30, 1826; died there Feb. 7, 1895. After essaying historical painting he turned his attention...

  1. Jacob ben Abraham Fidanque (JE | WP GWP G

) English scholar; died at London in 1701. He was one of the first Jews after the Return to busy himself with the study of rabbinic...

  1. Fields (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A904: Agrarian Laws

  1. Fig and Fig-tree (JE | WP GWP G

) the fig-tree (Ficus Carica) and its fruit are designated in Hebrew by the same word, "te'enah" (Deut. viii. 8; Judges...

  1. Figah (JE | WP GWP G

) River in the Damascene, affluent of the Barada (the Biblical "Abana"). "Figah" comes from the Greek πηγ&#8052...

  1. Azariah ben Ephraim Figo (Pigo) (JE | WP GWP G

) Preacher at Venice; died at Rovigo 1647. Figo was an excellent scribe, and the scrolls which he wrote are highly prized. He...

  1. Filehne (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P467: Posen

141 – 160[edit]

  1. Hirsch Filipowski (Phillip) (JE | WP GWP G

) Mathematician, linguist, and editor; born at Wirballen, Russia, 1816; died in London, England, July 22, 1872. At an early...

  1. Finance (JE | WP GWP G

) the supplying of capital for large undertakings, a characteristic of modern forms of commerce. As distinguished from the more...

  1. Raphael Finckenstein (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician and poet; born at Breslau Nov. 10, 1828; died there July 31, 1874. He was educated at the gymnasium and the...

  1. Finder of Property (JE | WP GWP G

) in law he who finds and takes up lost goods acquires thereby a special ownership as first occupant against all the world excepting...

  1. Fines and Forfeiture (JE | WP GWP G

) A fine or forfeiture, in the sense either that a sum of money is to be paid, or that the whole or a part of a man's property...

  1. Finger (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the digits. In the Bible the term is sometimes used in a figurative sense, denoting power, direction, or immediate...

  1. Finland (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian grand duchy; formerly part of Sweden. It has a small Jewish population, which finds itself in a somewhat peculiar...

  1. Julius Finn (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian - American chess-player; born April 28, 1871, at Vladislavovo, government of Suwalki, Russian Poland; emigrated to...

  1. Finta (JE | WP GWP G

) A Spanish term signifying a tax which is paid to the government. It is still used—for example, in London by the Spanish...

  1. Finzi (JE | WP GWP G

) An ancient Italian family, which probably derived its name from "Pinechas," through the Latin "Finea." the remotest known...

  1. Felice Finzi (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian Assyriologist; born at Correggio, 1847; died at Florence, 1872. While studying law at the University of Bologna he...

  1. Giuseppe Finzi (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian patriot and parliamentarian; born at Rivarolo Fuori, province of Mantua, 1815; died Dec. 17, 1886. He studied at Padua...

  1. Giuseppe Finzi (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian scholar and poet; born at Busseto Nov. 12, 1852. He has filled the chair of Italian literature in various gymnasia...

  1. Moses Finzi (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian lawyer; born at Florence in 1830. He studied law at Pisa, and was admitted to the bar in 1856. For some years he was...

  1. Solomon Fiorentino (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian poet; born at Monte San Savino, Tuscany, March 4, 1743; died at Florence Feb. 4, 1815. He studied at Sienna, where...

  1. Jeremiah David Alexander Fiorino (JE | WP GWP G

) German miniature-painter; born at Cassel Feb. 20, 1796 (according to the catalogue of the Dresden Gallery, 1793); died at...

  1. Fir (JE | WP GWP G

) the usual Authoized Version rendering of (once of the North-Palestinian pronunciation). In the Revised Version "cypress"...

  1. Fire (JE | WP GWP G

) the ordinary process of combustion, for which the Hebrew generally has , in Daniel (Aramaic) , and, with reference to the...

  1. Pillar of Fire (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P316: Pillar of Fire

  1. Abraham ben Samuel Firkovich (Aben ReSheF) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian Karaite archeologist; born in Lutsk, Volhynia, Sept. 27, 1786; died in Chu-fut-Kale, Crimea, June 7, 1874. He was...

161 – 180[edit]

  1. Firmament (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C807: Cosmogony

  1. Joseph Firman (JE | WP GWP G

) Grecian rabbi and author; lived in the sixteenth century. According to Solomon Cohen, he...

  1. First-born (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P527: Primogeniture

  1. Redemption of First-born (JE | WP GWP G

) According to Talmudic tradition, the first-born acted as officiating priests in the wilderness, until the erection of the...

  1. First-fruits (JE | WP GWP G

) As the firstling among the cattle, so the first-fruits of the field ("reshit," "Cheleb" [LXX. ἀπα&#961...

  1. The First-fruits of the West (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Firuz (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B52: Babylonia, Post-Biblical Data

  1. Firuz-shabur (JE | WP GWP G

) City of Babylonia; the "Sipphara" of Ptolemy and the Βηρσαβῶρα of Zosimus; situated...

  1. Abraham Jehiel ben Ze'eb Wolf Fischel (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi of the eighteenth century. He was the author of a work entitled "Imrah Zerufah," novellæ on several...

  1. Eliezer ben Isaac Fischel (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian Talmudist and cabalist; lived at Strizhov (Strizhovka) in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. He was the author...

  1. A Fischell (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi and historian; lived in the city of New York in the middle of the nineteenth century. He was for some time an assistant...

  1. Meïr Fischels (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian Talmudist, died at Prague, Dec. 16, 1769. He was called "Fischels" as the son of Ephraim Fischel of Bunzlau, while...

  1. Bernard Fischer (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian rabbi and author; born at Budikau, a village in the district of Chrudim, Bohemia, Jan. 12, 1821; graduated from the...

  1. Karl Fischer (JE | WP GWP G

) Christian censor of Hebrew books in Prague; born in Lichtenstadt, Bohemia, July 5, 1755; died at Prague Jan. 22, 1844. He...

  1. Marcus (Maier) Fischer (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian Hebraist; born in Vienna 1783; died at Prague May 22, 1853; son of Moses Fischer, rabbi of the Jewish community of...

  1. Moritz von Fischer JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian porcelain-manufacturer; born at Totis, Hungary, 1800; died there Feb. 25, 1900. He rendered distinguished service...

  1. Moses Fischer (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian rabbi; born at Prague about 1756; died at Eisenstadt, Hungary, about 1833; son of the wealthy Talmudic scholar Me&#239...

  1. Nicolaus Wolfgang Fischer (JE | WP GWP G

) Physician and chemist; born Jan. 15, 1782, in Great Meseritz, Moravia; died Aug. 19, 1850, in Breslau. He studied at the universities...

  1. Adolf Fischhof JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian writer and politician; born at Alt-Ofen, Hungary, Dec. 8, 1816; died at Emmersdorf, near Klagenfurth, Carinthia,...

  1. Joseph Fischhof (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian pianist and composer; uncle of Robert Fischhof; born April 4, 1804, at Butschowitz in Moravia; died at Vienna June...

181 – 200[edit]

  1. Robert Fischhof (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian musician; born in Vienna Oct. 31, 1857. When only seven years old Robert Fischhof played in public. He studied at...

  1. Nahman Isaac Fischmann (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian author; died in 1873. His home was in Lemberg. He wrote: "Eshkol 'Anabim," a collection of Hebrew poems (Lemberg...

  1. Fiscus Judaicus (JE | WP GWP G

) the yearly Temple tax of half a shekel prescribed by the Law (Ex. xxx. 13; compare Shek. i. 1), and which the Jews of...

  1. Fish and Fishing (JE | WP GWP G

) the Bible does not mention any particular fish by name. "Dag" and "nun" are the generic terms covering all species, thus designated...

  1. Maurice Fishberg (JE | WP GWP G

) American physician; anthropologist; born Aug. 16, 1872, at Kamenetz, Podolsk, Russia; educated at the public school of his...

  1. Fiume (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian free city and Adriatic seaport, with a Jewish population in 1901 of about 2,000. That there were Jews at Fiume in...

  1. Five Scrolls (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See M338: Megillot, the Five

  1. Fixtures (JE | WP GWP G

) Things fastened to the ground, directly or indirectly. Doubt may arise with regard to them, whether or not they become in...

  1. Flaccus (JE | WP GWP G

) Governor of Egypt; enemy and persecutor of the Jews of Alexandria, for which reason Philo, in 42 C. E., directed a special...

  1. L Pomponius Flaccus (JE | WP GWP G

) Roman governor of Syria (32-35?); no particulars concerning his life are known. When Agrippa (afterward King Agrippa I.),...

  1. L Valerius Flaccus (JE | WP GWP G

) Proconsul of Asia Minor in 62-61 B.C. He is notorious in the history of the Jews for having seized for the public treasury...

  1. Flag (JE | WP GWP G

) A standard or banner having a certain color, emblem, and sometimes an inscription, and carried before a marching army to distinguish...

  1. Flagellants (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See F120: Ferrer, Vicente

  1. Flagellation (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S1135: Stripes

  1. Le Flambeau (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Theodor Simon Flatau (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician; born at Lyck, province of East Prussia, June 4, 1860. He received his education at the gymnasium of his...

  1. Flattery (JE | WP GWP G

) Insincere, obsequious, or venal praise. Flattery is condemned by Jewish moralists as an offense against sincerity (Ps. xii...

  1. Flavia Domitilla (JE | WP GWP G

) Convert to Judaism and martyr at Rome. An early branch of the imperial Flavian house was at one time inclined toward Judaism...

  1. Flavia Neapolis (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S573: Shechem

  1. Flavius Clemens (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See F198: Flavia Domitilla

201 to 300[edit]

201 – 220[edit]

  1. Flavius Eborensis (JE | WP GWP G

) Poet; born at Evora, Portugal, April 4, 1517; died at Ragusa, Sicily, 1607. He belonged to the Adumim, an old Spanish family...

  1. Flavius Josephus (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See F202: Josephus Flavius

  1. Flavius (Raimundus) Mithridates JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian scholar; flourished at Rome in the second half of the fifteenth century. His Jewish name is unknown. About 1486 he...

  1. Flax (JE | WP GWP G

) the principal species of the natural order Linaceæ which includes more than fifty other species. The culture of flax...

  1. Flea (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See I151: Insects

  1. Johann Friedrich Ferdinand Fleck (JE | WP GWP G

) German actor; born at Breslau 1757; died in Berlin Dec. 20,1801. He made his début in 1777, at Leipsic, where he remained...

  1. Fleckeles (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the oldest Jewish families in Prague; probably "Falkeles" originally, from "Falk," a common name among Jews of the...

  1. Eleazar ben David Fleckeles (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian rabbi and author; born in Prague Aug. 26, 1754; died there April 27, 1826. He was the pupil of Moses Cohen Rofe,...

  1. Max Fleischer (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian architect; born in Prossnitz, Moravia, March 29, 1841. After graduating from the polytechnic high school of Vienna...

  1. Ernst Fleischl von Marxow (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian physician; born at Vienna Aug. 5, 1846; died there Oct. 22, 1891. He received his education at the universities of...

  1. Julius Fleischmann (JE | WP GWP G

) American merchant; mayor of Cincinnati, Ohio; born at Riverside, Ohio, June 8, 1872. Fleischmann was a member of the staff...

  1. Abraham Flesch (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi in Vienna at the beginning of the seventeenth century. According to G. Wolf, he is identical with Abraham Austerlitz...

  1. Joseph Flesch (JE | WP GWP G

) German merchant; born in Rausnitz, Moravia; died there Dec. 17, 1839. Flesch wrote excellent Hebrew, was a collaborator of...

  1. Flesh (JE | WP GWP G

) the soft portions of the animal body, internally connected with the skeleton of bones and externally enclosed by the skin...

  1. Simon Flexner (JE | WP GWP G

) American physician and pathologist; born at Louisville, Kentucky, March 25, 1863. He received the degree of doctor of medicine...

  1. D I Flisfeder (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian physician and scholar; born about 1850; died in 1885 at Kishinev, where he had settled a few years previously. Flisfeder...

  1. Flogging (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See F145: Fines and Forfeiture

  1. The Flood (JE | WP GWP G

) (Gen. vi. 9-ix. 17): When God on account of man's wickedness resolved to destroy by a flood all mankind and all the animal...

  1. Flora (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B1363: Botany

  1. Florence (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of Tuscany, Italy. Jews settled here probably before 1400. They were not needed in this flourishing commercial city...

221 – 240[edit]

  1. Hayyim Samuel Florentin (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi of Salonica; lived in the seventeenth century. He was the author of a work entitled "Me'il Shemuel" (Salonica, 1725)...

  1. Isaac Florentin (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See F221: Florentin, Ḥayyim Samuel

  1. Samuel ben David Florentin (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi of Salonica in the eighteenth century. He was a nephew of Ḥayyim Samuel Florentin. He wrote: "Bet ha-Ro'eh...

  1. Solomon ben Samuel Florentin (JE | WP GWP G

) Turkish Talmudist; lived at Salonica in the seventeenth century. He wrote "Doresh Mishpaṭ," a collection from the marginal...

  1. Florida (JE | WP GWP G

) the most southern of the United States of America, forming a peninsula washed on the east by the Atlantic Ocean and on the...

  1. Gessius Florus (JE | WP GWP G

) Last procurator of Judea (64-66). Florus was notorious for his cruelty and rapacity, and was so much detested by the Jews...

  1. Flour (JE | WP GWP G

) the finely ground substance of any cereal. The earliest and most simple way of crushing grain consisted in pounding it in...

  1. Flowers of the Bible (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B1363: Botany

  1. Flowers in the Home and the Synagogue (JE | WP GWP G

) As an agricultural people the Jews in their own land appreciated flowers as a means of natural decoration. The first crop...

  1. Flute (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See M1021: Music and Musical Instruments

  1. Fly (JE | WP GWP G

) A two-winged insect, especially the common house-fly (Musca domestica). It is referred to in Eccl. x. 1: "Dead flies cause...

  1. Foa (JE | WP GWP G

) French family; migrated from Italy in the eighteenth century. One branch of the family has been authorized to assume the name...

  1. Eliezer Nahman Foa (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian rabbi and author; died in Reggio after 1641. He was a pupil of R. Moses Isserles, and possessed an extensive knowledge...

  1. Esther-Eugénie Foa (JE | WP GWP G

) French authoress; born at Bordeaux 1795; died in Paris 1853. She was famous for her beauty. Under the nom de plume "Maria...

  1. Pio Foà (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian pathologist; born at Sabbionetta Jan. 26, 1848. He attended the lyceum at Milan; studied medicine at Pavia, and took...

  1. Anton Fochs (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian philanthropist; died in Budapest May 31 1874. A few years before his death he sent an anonymous letter to the administration...

  1. Armin Fodor (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian jurist; born at Nagy Mihály Jan. 27, 1862; studied law at Budapest, was admitted to the bar in 1886, and was...

  1. Baruch Benedict Foges (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian author; born at Prague June 28, 1805; died Aug. 23, 1890, in Karolinenthal, a suburb of Prague, where he was principal...

  1. Foia Israelita (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Foix (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of the department of Ariège, France. In the Middle Ages there were Jews here as well as in other towns in the...

241 – 260[edit]

  1. Hananel di Foligno (JE | WP GWP G

) Jewish convert to Christianity; lived at Rome in the sixteenth century. He made himself notorious by his slanderous attacks...

  1. Folk-lore (JE | WP GWP G

) the science dealing with those institutions, customs, literature, and beliefs of the folk or uncultured people that can not...

  1. Folk-medicine (JE | WP GWP G

) the ideas and remedies common among uncultured people with regard to the prevention and cure of diseases. They are found among...

  1. Folk-songs (JE | WP GWP G

) Songs or ballads originating and current among the common people, and illustrating the common life. Jewish folk-songs exist...

  1. Folk-tales (JE | WP GWP G

) Stories usually containing incidents of a superhuman character, and spread among the folk either by traditions from their...

  1. Folly and Fool (JE | WP GWP G

) According to the Jewish conception, folly is the antithesis of morality and piety (Prov. xiii. 19; Job xxviii. 28), as well...

  1. Hans Folz (JE | WP GWP G

) German playwright and physician of the fifteenth century; said to have been bornin Worms. He is mentioned as "Hans Falz zu...

  1. De Fonseca (Fonsequa) (JE | WP GWP G

) Jewish-Portuguese family of Amsterdam, Hamburg, London, southern France, and America. Abraham de Fonseca: Died at Hamburg...

  1. Fontainebleau (JE | WP GWP G

) French town in the department of Seine-et-Marne. The nucleus of the community was formed about 1787. The oldest document relating...

  1. David Fontanella (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See F150: Finzi

  1. Israel Berechiah ben Joseph Jekuthiel Fontanella (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian rabbi and cabalist; lived at Reggio Emilia, later at Rovigo, at the end of the seventeenth century and in the first...

  1. Food (JE | WP GWP G

) There are two main divisions of food, vegetable and animal. I. Vegetable Food: As among all the Oriental peoples, and as...

  1. Forbidden Degrees (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See M216: Marriage Laws

  1. Forbidden Food (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See D351: Dietary Laws

  1. Foreign Attachment (JE | WP GWP G

) in modern law, the seizure of a debtor's property in a jurisdiction within which the debtor himself can not be found,...

  1. Forest (JE | WP GWP G

) in the English versions the word "forest" is employed for the rendering of four different Hebrew words: (1) "ya'ar," which...

  1. Forfeiture (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C718: Confiscation and Forfeiture

  1. Forgery (JE | WP GWP G

) the act of falsely making or materially altering, with intent to defraud, any writing which, if genuine, might be of legal...

  1. Forgiveness (JE | WP GWP G

) Forgiveness is one of the attributes ascribed to Yhwh: "to the Lord our God belong mercies and forgiveness" (Dan. ix. 9; comp...

  1. Forli (JE | WP GWP G

) City in the Romagna, Italy. It is mentioned for the first time in connection with Jewish history by Hillel of Verona, who...

261 – 280[edit]

  1. Zaddik ben Joseph Formon (JE | WP GWP G

) Turkish Talmudist and translator of the middle of the sixteenth century. He translated Bachya's "Ḥobot ha-Lebabot"...

  1. Solomon Formstecher JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; born at Offenbach July 28, 1808; died there April 24, 1889. After graduating (Ph.D. 1831) from the Giessen University...

  1. Fornaraki Affair (JE | WP GWP G

) Accusation of ritual murder which was made in Egypt in 1881, and which agitated the European press for nine months. On May...

  1. Fornication (JE | WP GWP G

) Cohabitation between a man, married or unmarried, and an unmarried woman. While the common law speaks of intercourse between...

  1. Anna Forstenheim (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian writer and poetess; born at Agram Sept. 21, 1846; died at Vienna Oct. 19, 1889. She went to Vienna in 1867, and founded...

  1. Fort Smith (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A1781: Arkansas

  1. Fort Wayne (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See I131: Indiana

  1. Fort Worth (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See T169: Texas

  1. Baruch Uzziel ben Baruch Forti (Chaschetto) (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian rabbi and editor; lived at Ferrara and Mantua in the sixteenth century. "Forti" is the Italian translation of "&#7716...

  1. Hortensius (Johanan) Hazak Forti (JE | WP GWP G

) Jewish convert to Christianity; lived in the sixteenth century; born at Gorima, and settled at Prague under Maximilian II...

  1. Leone Fortis (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian critic, journalist, and dramatist; born at Triest Oct. 5, 1828; died at Milan 1895. He was baptized while a child...

  1. Fortress (JE | WP GWP G

) A permanent fort or fortified place. The Israelites, when advancing into the country west of the Jordan, found a considerable...

  1. Der Fortschritt Im Judenthum (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. The Number Forty (JE | WP GWP G

) in the Bible, next to the number seven, the number forty occurs most frequently. In Talmudical literature it is often met...

  1. Fostat (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See E67: Egypt

  1. Achille Fould (JE | WP GWP G

) French statesman and financier; born at Paris Nov. 17, 1800; died at Tarbes Oct. 5, 1867. The son of a wealthy banker, he...

  1. Benoit Fould (JE | WP GWP G

) French politician; born at Paris Nov. 21, 1792; died there July 28, 1858. In 1827 he was nominated judge of the tribunal of...

  1. Édouard Mathurin Fould (JE | WP GWP G

) French politician; born at Paris Dec. 18, 1834; died at Moulins April 8, 1881. On June 1, 1863, he was elected deputy for...

  1. Gustave Eugène Fould (JE | WP GWP G

) French politician and author; born at Paris Feb. 19, 1836; died at Asnières Aug. 27, 1884. On June 6, 1869, he was elected...

  1. Foundation-stone (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C787: Corner-Stone

281 – 300[edit]

  1. Foundling (JE | WP GWP G

) A deserted child whose parents are unknown. The question as to the status of such a child in the Jewish community was chiefly...

  1. Fountain (JE | WP GWP G

) A natural spring of water. Although Palestine as a whole is scantily supplied with water, it has a number of fountains. These...

  1. Four Countries (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C828: Council of Four Lands

  1. Fowls (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P485: Poultry

  1. Fox (JE | WP GWP G

) There are at present two species of fox inhabiting Palestine: the Canis flavescens, found in the north, and the C. niloticus...

  1. Foy (JE | WP GWP G

) Branch of the family Foa, settled in the southwest of France since the middle of the eighteenth century. Special mention may...

  1. Fraga (JE | WP GWP G

) City in Aragon. In 1328 Alfonso IV. confirmed all the privileges which the Moncadas had granted to the Jews of Fraga. Four...

  1. France >> History of the Jews in France JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Country forming the most westerly part of Central Europe. Church Laws Against Jews.—Roman-Gallic Epoch: the banishment...

  1. Immanuel ben David Frances JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian poet and rabbinical scholar; born in Mantua July 22, 1618 (?); died at Leghorn after 1703. He received his instruction...

  1. Jacob ben David Frances (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian scholar and poet; born at Mantua in 1615; died at Florence in 1667. After having been thoroughly grounded in the Talmud...

  1. Joseph Frances (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish scholar; lived at Ferrara, Italy, about the middle of the sixteenth century. He was the author of a commentary to...

  1. Franche-Comté (JE | WP GWP G

) Ancient province of France, also called "Haute-Bourgogne" or "Comté de, Bourgogne"; now divided into the departments...

  1. Augusto Franchetti (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian lawyer and historian; born at Florence July 10, 1840; attended the lycée at Marseilles; studied law at Pisa,...

  1. Leopoldo, Baron Franchetti (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian deputy; born at Florence in 1847; studied law at Pisa. In company with Deputy Sidney Sonnino he undertook a journey...

  1. Guglielmo Dei Franchi (JE | WP GWP G

) Jewish convert to Christianity; born at Rome; died there about 1600. Embracing Christianity, he joined the monastic order...

  1. Francia (JE | WP GWP G

) A family of Spanish descent, whose arms, according to D'Hozier, were: Argent, a crown bearing the letters "G. F. R." sable...

  1. Francia de Beaufleury (JE | WP GWP G

) A Jew of Spanish descent, who went to Bordeaux, probably from London, about 1760. He is the author of various works, among...

  1. Franciscans (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See F384: Friars

  1. Adolphe Franck (JE | WP GWP G

) French philosopher; born at Liocourt, department of the Meurthe, Oct. 9, 1809; died at Paris April 11, 1893. Destined for...

  1. Franco (JE | WP GWP G

) A Jewish family which derived its name from a place near Navarre, Spain. There were Francos at Amsterdam, Venice, Tunis, Constantinople...

301 to 400[edit]

301 – 320[edit]

  1. Isaac Asher Francolm (JE | WP GWP G

) German preacher and religious teacher; born at Breslau Dec. 15, 1788; died there July 1, 1849; Ph.D., Leipsic, 1817. After...

  1. Hayyim Frangi (JE | WP GWP G

) Turkish rabbinical author; born in 1833 at Constantinople; died there in 1903. He has published two Hebrew works: "Yisma&#7717...

  1. Bär b. Gershon Fränk (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian scholar; born in Presburg about 1777; died there on the second day of the Feast of Weeks, 1845. He was sho&#7717...

  1. Eve Frank (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See F305: Frank, Jacob, and the Frankists

  1. Jacob Frank and the Frankists (JE | WP GWP G

) the Frankists were a semi-Christian religious organization which came into being among the Jews of Poland about the middle...

  1. Kathi Frank (Katharina Frankl) (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian actress; born at Bösing, near Presburg, Oct. 11, 1852. She appeared for the first time at the Viktoria Theater...

  1. Mendel Frank (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish rabbi of the first half of the sixteenth century. He was at first rabbi of Posen, and a decision rendered by him there...

  1. Nathan Frank (JE | WP GWP G

) American lawyer; member of the national House of Representatives; born in Peoria, Illinois, Feb. 23, 1852; educated in the...

  1. Julia Frankau (JE | WP GWP G

) British author and novelist; born in Dublin, Ireland, July 30, 1864. Julia Frankau was educated by Madame Paul Lafargue, daughter...

  1. Fränkel (Frankel) (JE | WP GWP G

) A family of scholars and Talmudists, the earliest known member of which was Koppel Fränkel (1650), the richest Viennese...

  1. Albert Fränkel JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician; born March 10, 1848, at Frankfort-on-the-Oder. He received his education at the gymnasium of his native...

  1. Alexander Fränkel (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian physician; born at Vienna Nov. 9, 1857. After attending the gymnasium and university of that city, he received the...

  1. Benjamin Fränkel (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian scholar; lived at Warsaw in the first half of the nineteenth century. He traveled in Germany and England. He published...

  1. David ben Naphtali Fränkel JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; born at Berlin about 1704; died there April 4, 1762. For a time he was rabbi of Dessau, and became chief rabbi...

  1. Elkan Fränkel (JE | WP GWP G

) Court Jew (1703-12) to the margrave William Frederic of Brandenburg-Ansbach; died in the state prison of Wülzburg, near...

  1. Ernst Fränkel JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician; born at Breslau May 5, 1844; studied medicine at the universities of Berlin, Vienna, and Breslau (M.D. 1866)...

  1. Gabriel Fränkel (JE | WP GWP G

) Court Jew of the margraves of Ansbach about 1700. He was very influential at court, and highly esteemed by the Jews of the...

  1. Hirsch Fränkel (JE | WP GWP G

) Chief rabbi in the margravate of Ausbach, with residence at Schwabach, 1709-13; died in prison 1723. He was a brother of Elkan...

  1. Jonas Fränkel JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German banker and philanthropist; son of Joel Wolf, grandson of David Fränkel, the author of "Ḳorban 'Edah"...

  1. Ludwig Fränkel (JE | WP GWP G

) German writer; born at Leipsic Jan. 24, 1868. He studied at the universities of Leipsic and Berlin, and in England, receiving...

321 – 340[edit]

  1. Ludwig F. Fränkel (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician; born May 23, 1806, at Berlin; died there July 6, 1872. He received his education at the University of Berlin...

  1. Moses ben Abraham Fränkel (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; father of David Fränkel; born at Berlin June 30, 1739; died at Dessau Feb. 20, 1812. In 1787 he settled...

  1. Seckel Isaac Fränkel (JE | WP GWP G

) German banker; born at Parchim, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Jan. 14, 1765; died at Hamburg June 4, 1835.He acquired by private study...

  1. Sigmund Fränkel (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian physician and chemist; born at Cracow May 22, 1868. After completing his course at the gymnasium of Gratz (Styria)...

  1. Simon Wolf Fränkel (Frankel-spira) (JE | WP GWP G

) Head of the Jewish community in Prague for two decades beginning May 20, 1724, and a stanch defender of his oppressed coreligionists...

  1. Wolfgang Bernhard Fränkel (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician; born at Bonn Nov. 11, 1795; died at Elberfeld March 5, 1851. He took an active part in the campaigns of...

  1. Zecharias Frankel JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German theologian; born at Prague Sept. 30, 1801; died at Breslau Feb. 13, 1875. Frankel was the founder and the most eminent...

  1. Abraham von Frankenberg (JE | WP GWP G

) German mystic of the seventeenth century; friend and correspondent of Manasseh ben Israel. He was a nobleman and the most...

  1. Wolf Frankenburger (JE | WP GWP G

) German deputy; born at Obbach, Bavaria, June 8, 1827; died at Nuremberg July 18, 1889. While a student at Würzburg he...

  1. Moritz Ludwig Frankenheim (JE | WP GWP G

) German physicist; born in Brunswick June 29, 1801; died in Dresden Jan. 14, 1869; educated at the gymnasia of Wolfenb&#252...

  1. Adolph L. Frankenthal (JE | WP GWP G

) United States consul at Bern, Switzerland; born July 1, 1851, at Lübeck, Germany. Frankenthal was educated at the public...

  1. Frankfort-on-the-Main >> History of Frankfurt am Main JE (JE | WP GWP G

) City in the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau, Germany. The date of the organization of its Jewish community is uncertain...

  1. Frankfort-on-the-Oder (JE | WP GWP G

) Chief town of a district of the same name in the Prussian province of Brandenburg, and situated on the left bank of the River...

  1. Akiva ben Jacob Frankfurt (JE | WP GWP G

) German preacher and author; died at Frankfort-on-the-Main 1597. He was the son-in-law of R. Simeon Guenzburg of Frankfort...

  1. Bernhard Frankfurter (JE | WP GWP G

) German teacher and writer; son of Rabbi Moses Frankfurter; born at Herdorf March 15, 1801; died Aug. 13, 1867. In 1822 he...

  1. Judah Löw ben Simon Frankfurter (JE | WP GWP G

) See Judah Löb b. Simon.

  1. Moses ben Simon Frankfurter (JE | WP GWP G

) Dayyan and printer of Amsterdam; born 1672; died 1762. It appears from his epitaph (Mælder, "Jets over de Bergraafplaatsen...

  1. Naphtali Frankfurter (JE | WP GWP G

) German preacher; brother of Bernhard Frankfurter; born at Oberdorf Feb. 13, 1810; died April 13, 1866; studied at the universities...

  1. Simon ben Israel Frankfurter (JE | WP GWP G

) Dutch rabbinical scholar; father of Moses Frank, furter; born at Schwerin, Germany; died at Amsterdam Dec. 9, 1712. He was...

  1. Solomon Frankfurter (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian librarian and archeologist; born at Presburg, Hungary, Nov. 9, 1856. He studied at Vienna (Ph.D., 1883) and Berlin...

341 – 360[edit]

  1. Frankincense (JE | WP GWP G

) Frankincense was not indigenous to Palestine—the assumption that the tree from which it is derived was at home in the...

  1. Frankists (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See F305: Frank, Jacob

  1. Lothar Amadeus Frankl, Ritter von Hochwart (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian neuropathist; born at Vienna June 12, 1862; son of Ludwig August Frankl; educated at the Schottengymnasium and at...

  1. Ludwig August Frankl, Ritter von Hochwart JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian poet and writer; born at Chrast, Bohemia, Feb. 3, 1810, died at Vienna March 12, 1894. He received his early education...

  1. Otto Frankl (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian jurist; born in Prague Oct. 4, 1855; studied at the universities of Prague, Göttingen, and Leipsic; made privat-docent...

  1. Pinkus Friedrich Frankl (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; born at Ungarisch-Brod, Moravia, Jan., 1848; died at Johannisbad Aug. 22, 1887. After attending the yeshibah...

  1. Adolf Frankl-Grün (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian rabbi; born at Ungarisch-Brod, Moravia, Jan. 21, 1847. He received his education at the schools of his native town...

  1. Benjamin A. Franklin (JE | WP GWP G

) Jamaica merchant; born at Manchester, England, 1811; died at Kingston, Jamaica, April 26, 1888. He went to the island about...

  1. Fabian Franklin (JE | WP GWP G

) American mathematician, editor, and author; born in Eger, Hungary, Jan. 18, 1853; son of Morris Joshua and Sarah Heilprin...

  1. Jacob Abraham Franklin (JE | WP GWP G

) English journalist and philanthropist; born at Portsmouth 1809; died Aug. 3, 1877. On his retirement from business he went...

  1. Franks (JE | WP GWP G

) American Jewish family which included a number of officers of some distinction engaged on both sides in the American Revolutionary...

  1. Karl Emil Franzos (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian author; born Oct. 25, 1848, in the Russian government of Podolia. His childhood was spent at Czortkow, Galicia, the...

  1. Frat Maimon JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Provençal scholar; flourished in the second half of the fourteenth century. The name "Frat" is, according to Neubauer...

  1. Fraternitatea (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Fraternities (JE | WP GWP G

) Societies for mutual benefit. If it be true that "the origin of the friendly society is probably in all countries the burial...

  1. Fraud and Mistake (JE | WP GWP G

) Where in a transaction one of the parties loses by the fraud, i.e., the misrepresentation, of the other, or by his suppression...

  1. Frauenschul (JE | WP GWP G

) That part of the synagogue which is reserved for women, whether an annex, as in the Altneuschul of Prague and in the synagogue...

  1. Christian Martin Julius Frauenstädt JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German student of philosophy; born at Bojanowo, Posen, April 17, 1813; died at Berlin Jan. 13, 1879. He was educated at the...

  1. Max Frauenthal (JE | WP GWP G

) American soldier; born at Marienthal, Rheinpfalz, Bavaria, in 1836; emigrated to America in 1851; lived for a time in Texas...

  1. Frederick II (JE | WP GWP G

) King of Prussia; born 1712; reigned from 1740 till his death in 1786. He was not friendly to the Jews, although he issued...

361 – 380[edit]

  1. Freemasonry (JE | WP GWP G

) the institutions, rites, and principles of a secret society devoted to the promotion of fraternal feeling and morality among...

  1. Freethinkers and Freethought (JE | WP GWP G

) See Rationalists; Skeptics.

  1. Free Will (JE | WP GWP G

) the doctrine that volition is self-originating and unpredictable. That man is free to choose between certain courses of conduct...

  1. Free-will offering ((redirects to Slaughter offering JE)) (JE | WP GWP G

) A term applied to gifts presented out of the benevolence or religious impulse of heart of the giver, and not in fulfilment...

  1. Abraham Solomon Freidus (JE | WP GWP G

) Bibliographer; born in Riga, Russia, May 1, 1867. He went to Paris in 1886, and thence to the United States in the autumn...

  1. J B Freiheim (JE | WP GWP G

) American lawyer and soldier; born in Bavaria 1848; died at Camden, Ark., Aug. 22, 1899. Freiheim was an early Jewish resident...

  1. Aaron Freimann (JE | WP GWP G

) German librarian and historian; born Aug. 5, 1871, at Filehne, Posen. He is the son of Israel Meïr Freimann, and grandson...

  1. Israel Meïr Freimann (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; born Sept. 27, 1830, at Cracow; died Aug. 21, 1884, at Ostrowo, He received his education from his father and...

  1. Der Freitagabend (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Israel Frenkel (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian Hebraist and teacher; born at Radom, Russian Poland, Sept. 18, 1853. He was a pupil in Talmudic literature of Samuel...

  1. Israel Frenkel (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian physician; born at Rypin, government of Plotzk, June 29, 1857. At the age of twelve he had received only a religious...

  1. Solomon Frensdorff JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German Hebraist; born at Hamburg Feb. 24, 1803; died at Hanover March 23, 1880. While pursuing his studies at the Johanneum...

  1. David Fresco (JE | WP GWP G

) Turkish writer; descendant of Spanish exiles; born at Constantinople about 1850. He edited successively five Judæo-Spanish...

  1. Moses Fresco (JE | WP GWP G

) Turkish Talmudist; born at Constantinople 1780; died there 1850. He succeeded Samuel Ḥayyim as Chakam bashi (chief...

  1. Sigmund Freud (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian physician; born May 6, 1856, at Freiberg in Moravia. He received his education at the University of Vienna, where...

  1. Berthold Freudenthal (JE | WP GWP G

) Professor of law at the Academy of Frankfort-on-the-Main; born at Breslau, Aug. 23, 1872; son of Jacob Freudenthal. Freudenthal...

  1. Jacob Freudenthal JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German philosopher; born June 20, 1839, at Bodenfelde, province of Hanover, Prussia. Freudenthal received his education at...

  1. Freudline (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See N51: Names

  1. Ernst Freund (JE | WP GWP G

) American jurist; born in New York Jan. 30, 1864; attended gymnasia at Dresden and Frankfort-on-the-Main, and the universities...

  1. Ernst Freund (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian physician; born at Vienna Dec. 15, 1863; educated at the University of Vienna, whence he was graduated as M.D. in...

381 – 400[edit]

  1. Samuel ben Issachar Bär Freund (JE | WP GWP G

) Bohemian Talmudist; born at Tuschkau Dec., 1794; died at Prague June 18, 1881. After studying under Eleazar of Triesch and...

  1. Wilhelm Freund (JE | WP GWP G

) German philologist and lexicographer; born Jan. 27, 1806, at Kempen, province of Posen; died June 4, 1894, at Breslau. He...

  1. Wilhelm Alexander Freund (JE | WP GWP G

) German gynecologist; born at Krappitz, Silesia, Aug. 26, 1833. He studied medicine at the University of Breslau, where he...

  1. Friars (JE | WP GWP G

) Before the institution of the mendicant friars the monastic orders did not play a prominent part in Jewish persecutions. The...

  1. Friday (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S13: Sabbath

  1. Abraham Shalom ("har Shalom") Friedberg (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian Hebraist; born at Grodno Nov. 6, 1838; died in Warsaw March 21, 1902. At the age of thirteen he was apprenticed to...

  1. Bernard Friedberg (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian Hebraist; born at Cracow Dec. 19, 1876. Besides numerous contributions to Hebrew and other periodicals, he has published...

  1. Heinrich von Friedberg JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German statesman; born at Mürkisch-Friedland, West Prussia, Jan. 27, 1813; died at Berlin June 2, 1895. Friedberg studied...

  1. Hermann Friedberg JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician, born at Rosenberg, Silesia, July 5, 1817; died at Breslau March 2, 1884. He studied at the universities...

  1. Karl Rudolph Friedenthal JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Prussian statesman; born in Breslau Sept. 15, 1827; died on his estate, Giesmannsdorf, near Neisse, March 7, 1890. He was...

  1. Markus Bär Friedenthal JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German banker and scholar; born in 1779; died at Breslau Dec. 3, 1859. Although one of the leading bankers at Breslau, he...

  1. Friedenwald (JE | WP GWP G

) An American Jewish family, established in Baltimore, Md., by Jonas Friedenwald. His children were Bernard Stern, stepson (1820-73)...

  1. Heinrich Friedjung (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian journalist and author, born at Rostschin, Moravia, Jan. 18, 1851; studied at Prague, Berlin, and Vienna (Ph.D.)....

  1. Friedland (JE | WP GWP G

) A family which came presumably from Friedland in the German duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (or perhaps from the Bohemian town...

  1. Moses Aryeh Löb Friedland (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian philanthropist; born at Dünaburg, government of Vitebsk, Jan. 8, 1826; died at St. Petersburg Nov. 21, 1899....

  1. Camilla Friedländer (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian painter; born in Vienna Dec. 10, 1856; daughter and pupil of Friedrich Friedländer. She has devoted herself...

  1. Dagobert Friedländer (JE | WP GWP G

) Member of the Prussian Upper House; born in Kolmar, Posen, Feb. 19, 1826. From 1846 to 1857 he conducted a book business in...

  1. David Friedländer JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German writer and communal leader; born at Königsberg Dec. 6, 1750; died Dec. 25, 1834, at Berlin, where he had settled...

  1. Friedrich Friedländer JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Genre painter; born Jan. 10, 1825, at Kohljanowitz, Bohemia. He studied at the Vienna Academy, and later under Professor Waldm&#252...

  1. Joseph Abraham Friedländer (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; born at Kolin, Bohemia, 1753; died at Brilon, Westphalia, Nov. 26, 1852. He was the nephew of David Friedl&#228...

401 to 500[edit]

401 – 420[edit]

  1. Julius Friedländer JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German numismatist; born in Berlin June 25, 1813; died there April 4, 1884. After studying at the universities of Bonn and...

  1. Ludwig Friedländer JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German philologist; born at Königsberg July 16, 1824. He studied at the universites of Königsberg and Leipsic from...

  1. Ludwig Hermann Friedländer (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician; born April 20, 1790, at Königsberg, Prussia; died 1851 at Halle, Saxony. He entered the Königsberg...

  1. Max Friedländer JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Journalist; born June 18, 1829, at Pless, Prussian Silesia; died April 20, 1872, at Nice. After studying law at the universities...

  1. Max Friedländer JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German writer on music and bass concert-singer; born in Brieg, Silesia, Oct. 12, 1852. A pupil of Manuel Garcia (London) and...

  1. Michael Friedländer JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Principal of Jews' College, London; born at Jutroschin, Prussia, April 29, 1833. He studied at the universities of Berlin...

  1. Moritz Friedländer (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian theologian; born in Bur Szt. Georgen, Hungary, 1842; now (1903) residing in Vienna. He was educated at the University...

  1. Solomon Friedländer (JE | WP GWP G

) Preacher and physician; born at Brilon, Westphalia, Oct. 23, 1825; died in Chicago Aug. 22, 1860. He studied in Bonn and Heidelberg...

  1. Aaron Zebi Friedman (JE | WP GWP G

) Shocheṭ: born in Stavisk, Poland, March 22, 1822; died in New York city May 17, 1876. At the age of seventeen Friedman...

  1. Löb Behr (Aryeh Dob) Friedman (JE | WP GWP G

) Author and pedagogue; born in 1865 at Suwalki, Russian Poland. He was educated at Boskowitz, Moravia, afterward removing to...

  1. Alfred Friedmann (JE | WP GWP G

) German poet and author; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main Oct. 26, 1845. Brought up as a goldsmith, he renounced that occupation...

  1. Bernát Friedmann JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian jurist and criminal lawyer; born in Grosswardein Oct. 10, 1843; studied law at the "Rechtsakademie" there and at...

  1. Meïr ben Jeremiah Friedmann (Ish Shalom) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian scholar; born at Kraszna, in the district of Kashau, Hungary, July 10, 1831. At the age of thirteen he entered the...

  1. Moritz Friedmann (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian cantor; born in Hrabócz, Hungary, March 7, 1823; died in Budapest Aug. 29, 1891. Up to 1848 he filled several...

  1. Paul Friedmann JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German philanthropist; born at Berlin in the middle of the nineteenth century. Friedmann is of Jewish descent, and is connected...

  1. Siegwart Friedmann (JE | WP GWP G

) German actor; born at Budapest April 25, 1842. He was a pupil of Dawison, who not only educated him for the stage, but took...

  1. David b. Zebi Hirsch Friedrichsfeld JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German and Hebrew author; born about 1755 in Berlin; died Feb. 19, 1810, in Amsterdam. In the Prussian capital he absorbed...

  1. Friedrichstadt (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the government of Courland, Russia, with a population (1897) of 5,223, of whom 3,800 were Jews. With the admission...

  1. Friendship (JE | WP GWP G

) Personal attachment to an individual due to mutual interests or arising from close intimacy or acquaintance.The historical...

  1. Jakob Friedrich Fries (JE | WP GWP G

) Christian writer against the Jews; born at Barby, Saxony, Aug. 23, 1773; died at Jena Aug. 10, 1843. In 1801 Fries lectured...

421 – 440[edit]

  1. David ben Meïr Friesenhausen (JE | WP GWP G

) Bavarian mathematician; born at Friesenhausen about the middle of the eighteenth century; lived at Berlin, and later at Hunfalu...

  1. Jakob Frim (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian educator; born in Körmend May 1, 1852. On his return from a prolonged journey abroad, where he had studied...

  1. Fringes (JE | WP GWP G

) Threads with a cord of blue entwined, fastened to the four corners of the Arba' Kanfot and the Tallit and pendent...

  1. David ben Saul Frischman (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian Hebraist; born in Lodz 1863; now (1903) residing in Warsaw. Frischman began very early to write both poetry and prose...

  1. Benedetto Frizzi (Benzion Raphael Kohen) (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian physician and writer; born at Ostiano, Mantua, in 1756; died there May 30, 1844. In his youth he was instructed by...

  1. Frog (JE | WP GWP G

) the Hebrew term generally occurs in the plural; twice only in the singular as collective, once with (Ex. viii. 2) and once...

  1. Regina Frohberg (JE | WP GWP G

) German writer; born at Berlin Oct. 4, 1783; date of death not known. She was the daughter of a very wealthy merchant by the...

  1. Charles Frohman (JE | WP GWP G

) American theatrical manager; born at Sandusky, Ohio, about 1858. He began his theatrical career as advance agent for Haverley&#39...

  1. Daniel Frohman (JE | WP GWP G

) American theatrical manager; brother of Charles Frohman; born at Sandusky, Ohio, 1853. He went to New York city in 1866, and...

  1. Frontlets (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P290: Phylacteries

  1. Isaac Hayyim Frosoloni (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian poet of the eighteenth century; born at Sienna; died at Leghorn 1794. On the completion of his Hebrew and secular...

  1. Semion Grigoryevich Frug REF:JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian writer and poet; born 1860 in the Jewish agricultural colony of Bobrovy-Kut, government of Kherson. In 1880 there...

  1. Der Frühling (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Fruit (JE | WP GWP G

) See Almond; Apple; Botany; Cookery; Etrog; Fig; Food; Grape; Mulberry; Nuts; Oil; Olive; Palm; Peach; Pear; Pompegrante; St...

  1. Israel Dov (Bär) Frumkin JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Hebrew author; born in Dubrovna, Russia, Oct. 29, 1850. His father, Alexander Frumkin, when sixty years old emigrated to Jerusalem...

  1. Simone Fubini (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian physiologist; born May 26, 1841, in Casale Monferrato, Piedmont; died Sept. 6, 1898, at Turin. After finishing his...

  1. Isidor Fuchs (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian journalist; born in Leipnik, near Biala, Galicia, Sept. 25, 1849. He has been active most of his life in journalism...

  1. Fuel (JE | WP GWP G

) Mineral coal was unknown to the ancient Hebrews, who used instead wood, manure, and grass for fuel. Wood was never abundant...

  1. Benjamin Fuenn (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian physician; son of Samuel Fuenn; born at Wilna in 1848; died there Aug. 12, 1901. Educated at the rabbinical seminary...

  1. Samuel Joseph Fuenn JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian scholar; born at Wilna Sept., 1819; died there Jan. 11, 1891. He received the usual Talmudic education, and also acquired...

441 – 460[edit]

  1. Fugitive (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A2067: Asylum

  1. Aaron ben Moses Fuld (JE | WP GWP G

) German Talmudist; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main Dec. 2, 1790; died there Dec. 2, 1847. Being both a man of means and very...

  1. Ludwig Fuld (JE | WP GWP G

) German lawyer and juridical author; born at Mayence Dec. 23, 1859. He received his education at the gymnasium of his native...

  1. Fulda (JE | WP GWP G

) District town, on the right shore of the River Fulda in the Prussian province Hessen-Cassel. The Jews settled at Fulda at...

  1. Ludwig Fulda (JE | WP GWP G

) German author; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main July 15, 1862. He studied German philology and philosophy at the universities...

  1. Nicolas de Oliver y Fullana (JE | WP GWP G

) Chartographer; born on the island of Majorca; lived there as "Capitan" or "Cavallero Mallorquin" as late as 1650. On Oct....

  1. Fuller (JE | WP GWP G

) A cloth-finisher or -cleaner. The Hebrew term is (Mal. iii. 2) or (II Kings xviii. 17; Isa. vii. 3, xxxvi. 3), denoting...

  1. Das Füllhorn (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Fulvia JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A Roman lady of high station, converted to Judaism through the teachings of a Jew who had sought refuge in Rome to escape...

  1. Isaac Fundam (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish author and publisher; lived in Amsterdam about 1723. He wrote "Varios y Honestos Entretenimientos en Varios Entremeses...

  1. Fundão (JE | WP GWP G

) Chief town in the district of the same name, province of Beira, Portugal. Of the27,000 inhabitants of the entire "conselho"...

  1. Funeral Oration (JE | WP GWP G

) the expression of grief over the dead body of a relative or friend in words of lamentation or of praise is of very early origin...

  1. Funeral Rites (JE | WP GWP G

) Ceremonies attending the burial of the dead. After the body had been cleansed ("ṭohorah") and placed on the bier (see...

  1. Funes (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in Navarre, in the district of Olite; received a fuero (charter) in 1120, containing several clauses in restraint of...

  1. Fünfkirchen (JE | WP GWP G

) See Pacs.

  1. Furnace (JE | WP GWP G

) Three kinds of structures or apparatus for baking, smelting, etc., were known to the ancient Hebrews: (1) the oven for baking...

  1. Household Furniture (JE | WP GWP G

) in the East the house is not as important as in northern countries, since the climate permits an outdoor life in the widest...

  1. Alexander Fürst (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician; born at Braunsberg April 15, 1844; died in Berlin May 25, 1898. He studied medicine at Königsberg,...

  1. Julius Fürst (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; born at Mannheim Nov. 14, 1826; died there Sept. 5, 1899. He received his secular education at the University...

  1. Julius Fürst JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German Hebraist and Orientalist; born May 12, 1805, at Zerkowo, Prussia, where his father, Jacob, was darshan; died at Leipsic...

461 – 480[edit]

  1. Livius Fürst (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician; born at Leipsic, May 27, 1840; son of the Orientalist Julius Fürst. Livius Fürst studied at the...

  1. Fürstenfeld (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in Styria, Austria. Jews began to settle there in 1278, Rudolph of Habsburg having granted (1277) to its inhabitants...

  1. Jacob Raphael Fürstenthal (JE | WP GWP G

) German poet, translator, and Hebrew writer; born in Glogau 1781; died at Breslau Feb. 16, 1855. Fürstenthal's attention...

  1. Johann August L. Fürstenthal (JE | WP GWP G

) German jurisconsult of the first half of the nineteenth century; a brother of Jacob Raphael Fürstenthal. He embraced...

  1. Abraham Furtado (JE | WP GWP G

) French politician; born at London 1756; died at Bordeaux Jan. 29, 1816. His parents were members of a Portuguese Marano family...

  1. Auguste Furtado (JE | WP GWP G

) French banker; born at St. Esprit April 11, 1797; died at Bayonne May 20, 1883. He was a descendant of a Portuguese family...

  1. Cécile Charlotte Furtadoheine (JE | WP GWP G

) French philanthropist; born at Paris 1821; died at Rocquencourt (Seine-et-Oise) 1896. Her ancestors on both sides were prominent...

  1. Fürth (JE | WP GWP G

) City of Bavaria, Germany. On April 17, 1528, George the Pious, Margrave of Ansbach, permitted two Jews, Perman and Uriel Wolff...

  1. Meyer ben Elhanan Fürth (JE | WP GWP G

) German writer and teacher, who belonged only in a restricted sense to the school of the Meassefim, for he was a conservative...

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