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1 to 100[edit]

1 – 20[edit]

  1. Jaarbooken vor de Israeliten (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See Y27: Year-Books

  1. Jaazer JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A city east of the Jordan, in or near Gilead (Num. xxxii. 1, 3; I Chron. l.c.), and inhabited by the Amorites. It was taken...

  1. Jabal ibn Jawwal JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Jewish Arabic poet of the seventh century; contemporary of Mohammed. According to ibn Hisham ("Kitab Sirat Rasul Allah," ed...

  1. Abu al-Tayyib al-Jabali (JE | WP GWP G

) Karaite scholar of the tenth century. His full name is said to have been Samuel ben Asher ben Manṣur. The surname "al-Jabali"...

  1. Jabbok (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the principal tributaries of the Jordan; first mentioned in connection with the meeting of Jacob and Esau and with...

  1. Jabesh (JE | WP GWP G

) Principal city of Gilead, east of the Jordan. It is first mentioned in connection with the war between the Benjamites and...

  1. Jabez (JE | WP GWP G

) Eponym of a clan of the Kenite family of the Rechabites, which clan was merged into the tribe of Judah. I Chron. ii. 55 refers...

  1. Barzillai ben Baruch Jabez (JE | WP GWP G

) Turkish Talmudist of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; son-in-law of Elijah Ḥako, author of "Ruach Eliyahu...

  1. Isaac ben Solomon ben Isaac ben Joseph ha-Doresh Jabez (JE | WP GWP G

) Turkish Biblical exegete and preacher in the second half of the sixteenth century; a descendant of Joseph Jabez. He wrote:...

  1. Joseph ben Hayyim Jabez JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish theologian of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. He lived for a time in Portugal, where he associated with Joseph...

  1. Jabin (JE | WP GWP G

) King of Hazor; head of one of the great confederations which faced Joshua in his conquest of Canaan (Josh. xi.). He summoned...

  1. Daniel E Jablonski (JE | WP GWP G

) German Christian theologian and Orientalist; born Nov. 26, 1660, in Danzig; died May 25, 1741, in Berlin. After spending some...

  1. Jabneh (JE | WP GWP G

) Philistine city; taken by Uzziah, who demolished its wall (II Chron. xxvi. 6). Jabneh is mentioned with Gath and Ashdod, two...

  1. Jaca (JE | WP GWP G

) City of Aragon, Spain. Jews were settled here as early as the eleventh century, during which the city became the seat of a...

  1. Jachin (JE | WP GWP G

) 1. The righthand pillar of the two brazen ones set up in the porch of the Temple of Solomon, that on the left or north being...

  1. Jackal (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See F285: Fox

  1. Jäcklin (Jacob) (JE | WP GWP G

) Jewish financier of Ulm in the fourteenth century; married the daughter of the "Grossjuden" Moses of Ehingen. Jäcklin...

  1. Harry Jackson (JE | WP GWP G

) English actor; born in London 1836; died there Aug. 13, 1885. At an early age he left England for Australia, where he adopted...

  1. Jacob (JE | WP GWP G

) Third patriarch; son of Isaac and Rebekah, and ancestor of the Israelites. Hewas born when his father was sixty years old...

  1. Blessing of Jacob (JE | WP GWP G

) Name given to the chapter containing the prophetic utterances of Jacob concerning the destiny of his twelve sons as the fathers...

21 – 40[edit]

  1. Jacob (JE | WP GWP G

) Tanna of the second century; probably identical with Jacob b. Korshai (= "the Korshaite," or "of Korsha")...

  1. Jacob b. Aaron of Karlin JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian rabbi and author; died at Karlin, government of Minsk, 1855. He was a grandson of Baruch of Shklov, the mathematician...

  1. Jacob b. Abba (JE | WP GWP G

) Babylonian scholar of the third century; junior to Rab (B. M. 41a). He was an expert dialectician, and prevailed in argument...

  1. Jacob b. Abba Mari (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A1480: Anatolio (Anatoli), Jacob ben Abba Mari

  1. Jacob bar Abina (Abin; Bun) (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the fourth century. He is known as having transmitted the haggadot of Samuel b. Nachman, Abbahu...

  1. Jacob ben Abraham Faitusi JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Tunisian scholar; died at Algiers July, 1812. He settled in the later part of his life at Jerusalem, whence he was sent as...

  1. Jacob bar Aha (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the third generation (latter part of the third century); contemporary of R. Ze'era. He rarely gives...

  1. Jacob ben Amram (JE | WP GWP G

) Polemical writer of the seventeenth century. He wrote in 1634, in Latin, a book against the religion of the Christians, with...

  1. Jacob ben Asher (JE | WP GWP G

) German codifier and Biblical commentator; died at Toledo, Spain, before 1340. Very little is known of Jacob's life; and...

  1. Jacob (Aberle, Abril) Benedict (Benet) (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi at Alt-Ofen at the beginning of the nineteenth century; son of Mordecai b. Abraham Benet (Marcus Benedict). Jacob was...

  1. Jacob ben Benjamin Zeeb Sak (JE | WP GWP G

) About 1665 Jacob was appointed rabbi of Trebitsch, later of Ungarisch-Brod, and after the death of Ephraim he officiated in...

  1. Benno Jacob (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi and Biblical scholar; born at Breslau Sept. 8, 1862; educated at the gymnasium, the university, and the theological...

  1. Jacob Berah de-Bat Samuel (JE | WP GWP G

) Mari b. Rachel b. Samuel. See under Gaon; Mar.

  1. Jacob bar Berateh de-Elisha Aher (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B410: Jacob

  1. Jacob Çadique (Zaddik) (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish physician and writer; born at Ucles in the second third of the fourteenth century. He devoted himself to the study...

  1. Jacob of Chinon (JE | WP GWP G

) French tosafist; lived about 1190-1260. He was a pupil of Isaac ben Abraham of Dampierre and a teacher of Perez of Corbeil...

  1. Jacob of Corbeil (JE | WP GWP G

) French tosafist of the twelfth century. He was the brother of Judah of Corbeil, author of tosafot to various treatises of...

  1. Jacob of Coucy (JE | WP GWP G

) French tosafist of the thirteenth century; mentioned in tosafot to Kiddushin (43b, 67a), by Mordecai, and in Joseph...

  1. Jacob ben David Provençal (JE | WP GWP G

) French Talmudist of the fifteenth century; not to be confounded with the astronomer Jacob ben David ben Yom-Tob Po&#39...

  1. Jacob b. Eleazar (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish grammarian of the first third of the thirteenth century. The assumption that he lived in the first third of the twelfth...

41 – 60[edit]

  1. Jacob b. Eliezer (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See T120: Temerls, Jacob

  1. Jacob ben Ephraim UNR (JE | WP GWP G

) Syrian Talmudist of the tenth century. From Salmon b. Jeroham's commentary to Psalms (cxl. 6) it appears that Jacob b...

  1. Jacob ben Ephraim of Lublin JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish rabbi; died in Lublin 1648. At first he occupied the post of rabbi and instructor at the yeshibah of that city, whence...

  1. Jacob of Fulda (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J75: Jacob ben Mordecai

  1. Jacob the Galilean (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of the Judah who caused an uprising against the Romans at the time of the taxation under Quirinius. Jacob followed his...

  1. Jacob Gebulaah (Gebulaya) (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian scholar of the third century; disciple of Johanan (Yer. Yeb. viii. 9b). He seems also to have sat at the feet...

  1. Jacob b. Gershom ha-Gozer (JE | WP GWP G

) German Talmudist of the twelfth century. He was a nephew of Ephraim b. Jacob of Bonn, with whom he carried on a scientific...

  1. Jacob the Gnostic (JE | WP GWP G

) See James (the Just).

  1. Jacob ben Hananeel Sekili (JE | WP GWP G

) Bible commentator and cabalist; lived in the fourteenth century. He was the author of "Minchat ha-Bikkurim," the first...

  1. Jacob ben Hayyim ben Isaac ibn Adonijah JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Masorite and printer; born about 1470 at Tunis (hence sometimes called Tunisi); died before 1538. He left his native country...

  1. Jacob b. Immanuel Provençal (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B1291: Bonet de Lates

  1. Israel Jacob (JE | WP GWP G

) German banker and philanthropist; born April 14, 1729, at Halberstadt; died Nov. 25, 1803. He was widely respected for his...

  1. Jacob ben Israel ha-Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi of Zante; died on that island in 1634. He was a native of Morea, Greece, and passed the earlier part of his life at...

  1. Jacob b. Jacob ha-Kohen (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish cabalist of the end of the thirteenth century; born at Soria; buried at Segovia; also called Gikatilla, according...

  1. Jacob ben Jacob Moses of Lissa JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German Talmudist; died in Stryj, Galicia, May 25, 1832. He was a great-grandson of Zebi Ashkenazi and a pupil of Meshullam...

  1. Jacob ben Jekuthiel (JE | WP GWP G

) French Talmudic scholar; born at Rouen; died at Arras in 1023. Jacob became known by the fact that he was the bearer of a...

  1. Jacob ben Jeremiah Mattithiah ha-Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) German translator of the seventeenth century. He translated into Judæo-German Abraham Jagel's "Lekach...

  1. Jacob ben Joel (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian rabbi in Brest-Litovsk in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He wrote: "She'erit Ya'akob," containing...

  1. Jacob ben Joseph Israel (JE | WP GWP G

) French scholar; lived at Pont-Audemer in the twelfth century; pupil of Jacob Tam, with whom he carried on a correspondence...

  1. Jacob Joshua ben Zebi Hirsch JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish rabbi; born at Cracow in 1680; died at Offenbach Jan. 16, 1756. On his mother's side he was a grandson of Joshua...

61 – 80[edit]

  1. Jacob Judah Aryeh Leon (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L190: Leon

  1. Jacob ben Judah Hazzan of London (JE | WP GWP G

) English codifier of the thirteenth century. His grandfather was one Jacob he-Aruk (possibly Jacob le Long). In 1287 Jacob...

  1. Jacob ben Judah Löb (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish rabbi; lived in the second half of the eighteenth century. Educated as a Talmudist, he became rabbi of Krasnopolie...

  1. Julius Jacob (JE | WP GWP G

) German landscape- and portrait-painter; born in Berlin April 25, 1811; died there Oct. 20, 1882. He studied under Wach at...

  1. Jacob of Kefar Hanan (Hanin) (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the third generation (3d and 4th cent.). Jacob is especially known as a haggadist (Pesik. iv. 30b...

  1. Jacob of Kefar HitTaya (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian scholar of the second century; contemporary of Judah I. Jacob is said to have been in the habit of visiting his...

  1. Jacob of Kefar Neburaya (JE | WP GWP G

) Judæo-Christian of the fourth century. Neburaya is probably identical with Nabratain, a place to the north of Safed,...

  1. Jacob of Kefar Sekanya (Simaï) (JE | WP GWP G

) Judæo-Christian of the first century; mentioned on two occasions, in both Talmuds and in the Midrash. Meeting R. Eliezer...

  1. Jacob b. Korshai (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B410: Jacob

  1. Jacob ha-Levi He-hasid (JE | WP GWP G

) French rabbi and cabalist; lived in the thirteenth century, at Marvège. It was said that by prayers and invocations he...

  1. Jacob Loanz b. Jehiel (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J71: Loanz b. Jehiel, Jacob

  1. Jacob of London JE (JE | WP GWP G

) First known presbyter of the Jews of England; appointed to that position by King John in 1199, who also gave him a safe conduct...

  1. Jacob of Lunel (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J85: Jacob Nazir

  1. Jacob ben Meïr Tam (JE | WP GWP G

) Most prominent of French tosafists; born at Ramerupt, on the Seine, in 1100; died at Troyes June 9, 1171. His mother, Jochebed...

  1. Jacob ben Mordecai (JE | WP GWP G

) German scholar; flourished in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. A native of Fulda, he was generally called "Jacob...

  1. Jacob ben Mordecai ha-Kohen (JE | WP GWP G

) Gaon of Sura from 801 to 815; succeeded Hilai ben Mari. He officiated fourteen years, according to a text of Sherira ("M....

  1. Jacob ben Moses ben Abun (JE | WP GWP G

) Head of the yeshibah of Narbonne, France. As Abraham b. David in his "Sefer ha-Kabbalah" (MS. quoted by Abraham Zacuto...

  1. Jacob ben Moses of Bagnols (JE | WP GWP G

) Provençal theologian of the second half of the fourteenth century; lived successively at Salon, Avignon, and Argon. He...

  1. Jacob b. Moses Mölln (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J79: Mölln, Jacob ben Moses

  1. Jacob ibn Na'im (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi of Smyrna toward the end of the seventeenth century. He corresponded with Ḥayyim Benveniste, author of "Keneset...

81 – 100[edit]

  1. Jacob ben Naphtali (JE | WP GWP G

) Talmudist of Gnesen; flourished about 1650. His father was clerk of the Jewry in Great Poland (), and died in 1646. Jacob...

  1. Jacob ben Naphtali ha-Kohen (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian printer; born in Gazolo; lived in the sixteenth century. For some time prior to 1556 he was the manager of Tobiah...

  1. Jacob ben Nathanael ibn al-Fayyumi JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Rosh yeshibah of the Yemen Jews in the second half of the twelfth century. All that is known of him is that at the suggestion...

  1. Jacob bar Natronai (JE | WP GWP G

) Gaon of Sura (911-924). After the death of his predecessor, Shalom bar Mishael, the Academy of Sura became impoverished and...

  1. Jacob Nazir (JE | WP GWP G

) French exegete; flourished in the second half of the twelfth century; one of the five sons of Meshullam ben Jacob of Lunel...

  1. Jacob ben Nissim ibn Shahin JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Philosopher; lived at Kairwan in the tenth century; younger contemporary of Saadia. At Jacob's request Sherira Gaon wrote...

  1. Jacob ben Obadiah Sforno (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian scholar; lived at Venice in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. He was the author of a work entitled "Iggeret...

  1. Jacob of Orleans (JE | WP GWP G

) French tosafist; died as a martyr in London Sept. 3, 1189. He was one of the most distinguished pupils of Rabbenu Tam, being...

  1. Jacob of Pont Saint-Maxence (JE | WP GWP G

) French tax-farmer of the fourteenth century. With Manecier of Vesoul and his brother Vivant he was appointed (1360) by Charles...

  1. Jacob ben Reuben JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Karaite Bible exegete of the eleventh century. He wrote a brief Hebrew commentary on the entire Bible, which he entitled "Sefer...

  1. Jacob ben Reuben ibn Zur JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Talmudist and rabbi of Fez; born in the latter part of the seventeenth century; died after 1750. That his reputation as a...

  1. Jacob Roman ibn Pakuda (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See R345: Roman, Jacob

  1. Jacob ben Samson (JE | WP GWP G

) French tosafist and liturgist; flourished at Paris or at Falaise in the first third of the twelfth century. He is mentioned...

  1. Jacob b. Samuel Sirkes (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S839: Sirkes, Joel b. Samuel

  1. Jacob ben Sheshet Gerondi (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish cabalist of Gerona (whence his surname "Gerondi") in the thirteenth century. He was the author of "Sha'ar ha-Shamayim...

  1. Jacob ben Solomon (JE | WP GWP G

) French tosafist; born at Courson, department of the Yonne; flourished between 1180 and 1250. He was a pupil of Samson of Sens...

  1. Jacob ben Sosa (JE | WP GWP G

) Idumean leader. In the great war against Rome, 67-70, when Simon bar Giora went on a raid through Idumæa to take provisions...

  1. Jacob Temerls (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See T120: Temerls, Jacob

  1. Jacob Tub (Tawus) (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See T90: Tawus

  1. Jacob Uziel (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See U63: Uziel, Jacob

101 to 200[edit]

101 – 120[edit]

  1. Jacob of Vienna (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian rabbi and Biblical commentator of the fourteenth century. The Munich MSS. (Hebrew) contain a commentary on the Pentateuch...

  1. Jacob (b. Judah) Weil (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See W85: Weil, Jacob

  1. Jacob ben Wolf Kranz of Dubno (Dubner Maggid) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian preacher; born at Zietil, government of Wilna, about 1740; died at Zamosc Dec. 18, 1804. At the age of eighteen he...

  1. Jacob b. Yakar JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German Talmudist; flourished in the first half of the eleventh century. He was a pupil of Gershom b. Judah in Mayence, and...

  1. Jacob ben Zabda (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the fourth generation (4th cent.); junior contemporary, and probably pupil, of Abbahu, in whose name...

  1. Abraham Jacobi (JE | WP GWP G

) American physician; born at Hartum, near Minden, Westphalia, May 6, 1830; educated at the universities of Greifswald, G&#246...

  1. Heinrich Otto Jacobi (JE | WP GWP G

) German philologist; born at Tütz, West Prussia, 1815; died in Berlin 1864. He studied at Berlin University, and received...

  1. Karl Gustav Jakob Jacobi (JE | WP GWP G

) German mathematician; born Dec. 10, 1804, at Potsdam; died at Berlin Feb. 18, 1851; brother of Moritz Hermaun Jacobi. He studied...

  1. Moritz Hermann Jacobi (JE | WP GWP G

) German physicist; born Sept. 21, 1801, at Potsdam; died March 10, 1874, at St. Petersburg. He was established as architect...

  1. Samuel Jacobi (JE | WP GWP G

) Danish physician; born in Yaroslav, Galicia, 1764; died in Copenhagen 1811. He studied the Talmud for some years, but later...

  1. George Jacobs (JE | WP GWP G

) American rabbi of English Sephardic descent; born in Kingston, Jamaica, Sept. 24, 1834; died in Philadelphia July 14, 1884...

  1. Henry S Jacobs (JE | WP GWP G

) American rabbi; born in Kingston, Jamaica, March 22, 1827; died in New York Sept. 12, 1893. He studied for the Jewish ministry...

  1. Joseph Jacobs (JE | WP GWP G

) Critic, folklorist, historian, statistician, communal worker; born Aug. 29, 1854, at Sydney, N. S. W.; educated at Sydney...

  1. Joseph Jacobs (JE | WP GWP G

) English conjurer; born at Canterbury 1813; died Oct. 13, 1870. He first appeared in London at Horn's Tavern, Kennington...

  1. Simeon Jacobs JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Judge in the Supreme Court of the Cape of Good Hope; born in 1830; died in London June 15, 1883. He became a barrister of...

  1. Paul Jacobsohn (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician and hygienist; born in Berlin Sept. 30, 1868; educated at the gymnasium in Berlin and the universities of...

  1. Jacobson (JE | WP GWP G

) Danish family of engravers, of whom the first important member was Aaron Jacobson (1717-75), who, in the middle of the eighteenth...

  1. Eduard Jacobson (JE | WP GWP G

) German dramatist; born at Gross Strelitz, Silesia, Nov. 10, 1833 (M.D. Berlin, 1859); died in Berlin Jan. 29, 1897. He established...

  1. Heinrich Jacobson (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician; born Oct. 27, 1826, at Königsberg, East Prussia; died Dec. 10, 1890, at Berlin; educated at the gymnasium...

  1. Heinrich Friedrich Jacobson (JE | WP GWP G

) German jurist and writer on ecclesiastical law; born at Marienwerder June 8, 1804; died at Königsberg March 19, 1868...

121 – 140[edit]

  1. Israel Jacobson JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German philanthropist and reformer; born in Halberstadt Oct. 17, 1768; died in Hanover Sept. 14, 1828. Originally his father&#39...

  1. Ludwig Lewin Jacobson JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Danish surgeon; born in Copenhagen Jan. 10, 1783; died there Aug. 29, 1843. He received his early education at the German...

  1. Nathan Jacobson (JE | WP GWP G

) American surgeon; born in Syracuse, N. Y., June 25, 1857. He was graduated from Syracuse University, and took a postgraduate...

  1. Johann Eduard Jacobsthal (JE | WP GWP G

) German architect; born at Stargard, Pomerania, Sept. 17, 1839. He studied at the architectural academy in Berlin, and, after...

  1. Johann Jacoby (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician and statesman; born at Königsberg, Prussia, May 1, 1805; died there March 6, 1877. The son of a well-to-do...

  1. Louis Jacoby JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German engraver; born June 7, 1828, at Havelberg, Brandenburg, Germany; pupil of the engraver Mandel of Berlin, in which city...

  1. Jacopo (Jacomo) Sansecondo (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian musician of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries; born about 1468. Jacopo was an eminent violinist; his reputation...

  1. Heinrich Jacques (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian deputy; born in Vienna Feb. 24, 1831; shot himself Jan. 25, 1894. He studied philosophy and history at Heidelberg...

  1. Jacques Pasha (Jacques Nissim Pasha) (JE | WP GWP G

) Turkish army surgeon; born in 1850 at Salonica; died there Aug. 25, 1903. The son of a physician, he was sent at an early...

  1. Josef Jadassohn (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician; born at Liegnitz Sept. 10, 1863. He was educated at the universities of Göttingen, Breslau, Heidelberg...

  1. Solomon Jadassohn (JE | WP GWP G

) German composer and music teacher; born at Breslau, Prussia, Aug. 13, 1831; pupil at the Breslau gymnasium and of Hesse (pianoforte)...

  1. Jaddua (JE | WP GWP G

) High priest at the time of the Second Temple. According to Neh. xii. 11, his father's name was Jonathan, but according...

  1. Jael, the Kenite woman (JE | WP GWP G

) Wife of Heber, the Kenite (Judges iv. 17). Jabin, the king of Canaan, "that reigned in Hazor," had tyrannized over Israel...

  1. Jaen (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of the province of Jaen in Andalusia, Spain. It possessed a flourishing Jewish community as early as the thirteenth...

  1. Jaffa (JE | WP GWP G

) City of Palestine and Mediterranean port, 35 miles northwest of Jerusalem. In ancient times it was Palestine's only point...

  1. Jaffe (Joffe) >> Philipp Jaffé JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Family of rabbis, scholars, and communal workers, with members in Germany, Austria, Russia, Great Britain, Italy, and the...

  1. Abraham ben Hananiah dei Galicchi Jagel JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian catechist, philosopher, and cabalist; born at Monselice; lived successively at Luzzara, Venice, Ferrara, and Sassuolo...

  1. Gamaliel ben Hananiah Jagel, of Monselice (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian scholar; lived at Ferrara, later at Parma, in the seventeenth century. He filled the position of chief rabbi or head...

  1. Jahrzeit (JE | WP GWP G

) Judæo-German term denoting the anniversary of a death, commemorated by mourning and by reciting the Kaddish. The...

  1. Jahvist (JE | WP GWP G

) the name given in modern Bible criticism to the supposed author of those portions of the Pentateuch (or of the Hexateuch)...

141 – 160[edit]

  1. Jail (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See I121: Imprisonment

  1. Jair (JE | WP GWP G

) A contemporary of Moses, called in the Pentateuch "son of Manasseh," who in the beginning of the conquest took from the Amorites...

  1. Mordecai b. David Jalomstein (JE | WP GWP G

) American journalist; born in Suwalki, Russian Poland, 1835; died in New York city Aug. 18, 1897. He was well versed in Talmudic...

  1. Jamaica (JE | WP GWP G

) Largest island in the British West Indies. It has a total population of 644,841 (1901), of whom about 2,400 are Jews. When...

  1. James (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of three persons prominent in New Testament history. (see image) Synagogue at Spanish Town, Jamaica.(From a photograph...

  1. General Epistle of James (JE | WP GWP G

) Letter of exhortation and instruction, written by "James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ," and addressed "to...

  1. David James (David Belasco) (JE | WP GWP G

) English comedian; born at Birmingham 1839; died in London Oct. 3, 1893. Under the auspices of Charles Kean, James made his...

  1. Jamnia (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J13: Jabneh

  1. Janina (JE | WP GWP G

) City in Albania, European Turkey, on the lake of Janina.The community, which was flourishing in the middle of the nineteenth...

  1. Jannai (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See Y14: Yannai

  1. Jannes and Jambres (JE | WP GWP G

) Names of two legendary wizards of Pharaoh "who withstood Moses" (II Tim. iii. 8) by imitating "with their enchantments" the...

  1. David Janowski (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian chess-player; born May 25, 1868, in Russian Poland. He learned to play chess as a child, but did not make a serious...

  1. Januarius (JE | WP GWP G

) Talmudic name of a legendary hero; it is taken from the name of the first of the twelve Roman months. R. Johanan, in Yer....

  1. Japheth (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the sons of Noah, and the ancestor of a branch of the human race called "Japhetites." Japheth and his two brothers...

  1. Japheth ha-Levi JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Karaite Bible translator and commentator; flourished at Jerusalem between 950 and 980. He was one of the most able Bible commentators...

  1. Japhia (JE | WP GWP G

) 1. King of Lachish, and one of the five kings who, entering into a confederacy against Joshua (Josh. x. 3), were killed by...

  1. Japho (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J135: Jaffa

  1. Jare (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of an ancient Italian family of scholars dating back to the fifteenth century. Giuseppe Jaré: Italian rabbi;...

  1. Jargon (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J586: Judæo-German

  1. Nehorai Jarmon (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See G75: Garmon, Nehorai

161 – 180[edit]

  1. Josef Jarno (Josef Cohen) (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian actor; born at Budapest Aug. 24, 1866. He was educated for a mercantile career, but went on the stage when nineteen...

  1. Jaroslaw (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See Y22: Yaroslav

  1. Aaron Jaroslaw JE (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the Biurists; a tutor in the house of Mendelssohn; afterward teacher at Lemberg. His commentary on the Book of Numbers...

  1. Book of Jasher (JE | WP GWP G

) A book, apparently containing heroic songs, mentioned twice in the Old Testament: in the account of the battle of Gibeon a...

  1. Jason (JE | WP GWP G

) High priest from 174 to 171 B.C.; brother of the high priest Onias III. During the absence of Onias, who had been summoned...

  1. Jason of Cyrene (JE | WP GWP G

) Judæo-Hellenistic historian. He wrote a history of the Maccabean revolt in five books, from which the author of II Maccabees...

  1. Jassy (Jaschi) (JE | WP GWP G

) City of Rumania. Jassy contains the oldest and most important Jewish community of Moldavia, of which principality it was formerly...

  1. Ignaz Jastrow (JE | WP GWP G

) German economist and statistician; born Sept. 13, 1856, at Nakel. Having studied at Breslau, Berlin, and Göttingen (Ph...

  1. Joseph Jastrow (JE | WP GWP G

) American psychologist; born Jan. 30, 1863, at Warsaw, Poland. He accompanied his father, Dr. Marcus Jastrow, to the United...

  1. Marcus (Mordecai) Jastrow JE (JE | WP GWP G

) American rabbi and scholar; born June 5, 1829, at Rogasen, Prussian Poland; died Oct. 13, 1903, at Germantown, Pa.; fifth...

  1. Morris Jastrow, Jr (JE | WP GWP G

) American Orientalist and librarian; son of Marcus Jastrow; born Aug. 13, 1861, at Warsaw, Poland. His family removed to the...

  1. Jativa (JE | WP GWP G

) City in the kingdom of Valencia. The Jews of this locality were granted special privileges by Don Jaime, the conqueror of...

  1. Emile Javal (JE | WP GWP G

) French physician and deputy; born May 5, 1839, at Paris; son of Leopold Javal. Emile studied both medicine and mineralogy...

  1. Ernest Leopold Javal (JE | WP GWP G

) French administrative officer; born Sept. 25, 1843, at Paris; died there Sept. 1, 1897; son of Leopold Javal. He was a lieutenant...

  1. Leopold Javal (JE | WP GWP G

) French politician; born at Mülhausen Dec. 1, 1804; died at Paris March 28, 1872. The son of a wealthy merchant, he entered...

  1. Javan (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of one of the seven sons of Japheth, given in the list of nations (Gen. x. 2, 4; comp. I Chron. i. 5, 7), and as such...

  1. Samuel Isaac Jawlikar (JE | WP GWP G

) Beni-Israel; born about 1820 in Bombay. He enlisted in the Third Bombay Native Light Infantry April 4, 1840; was promoted...

  1. Mount Jearim (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C435: Chesalon

  1. Jebus JE (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J242: Jerusalem

  1. Jebusites JE (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the nations that occupied Palestine at the time of the invasion of the Israelites. In the list of the sons of Canaan...

181 – 200[edit]

  1. Jeconiah (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J198: Jehoiachin

  1. Jedaiah Penini (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B492: Bedersi, Jedaiah ben Abraham

  1. Jedidah (JE | WP GWP G

) Mother of Josiah, King of Judah; daughter of Adaiah. of Boscath, and wife of Amon (II Kings xxi. 26, xxii. 1). The name means...

  1. Jedidiah (Gottlieb) ben Abraham Israel (JE | WP GWP G

) Galician preacher and Masorite; lived at Lemberg in the seventeenth century. He wrote: "Ahabat ha-Shem," fifty haggadic expositions...

  1. Jedidiah ben Moses of Recanati (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian scholar; flourished in the second half of the sixteenth century. At the request of Immanuel di Fano, Jedidiah translated...

  1. Jedidja (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H544: Heinemann, Jeremiah

  1. Jeduthun (JE | WP GWP G

) the name of one of the three great orders or gilds of Temple singers, in charge of the music of the Temple from David&#39...

  1. Jehiel Anaw (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A1483: Anaw

  1. Jehiel ben Asher JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Liturgical poet; flourished in Andalusia in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. He was the author of four liturgical poems...

  1. Jehiel b. Jekuthiel Anaw (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A1483: Anaw

  1. Jehiel ben Joseph of Paris (JE | WP GWP G

) Tosafist and controversialist; born at Meaux at the end of the twelfth century; died in Palestine in 1286. His French name...

  1. Jehiel Michael ben Eliezer (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi at Nemirov, Russia; murdered May, 1648. When the hordes of Chmielnicki, taking Nemirov, began the work of pillage and...

  1. Jehiel Michael ben Judah Löb (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi of Berlin; died March, 1728. After filling the office of rabbi in several Polish communities he removed about 1701 to...

  1. Jehiel Michael ben Uzziel of Glogau (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbinical author; died in Vienna 1730. He was well versed in the Midrashim, and was the author of "Nezer ha-Kodesh...

  1. Jehiel of Pisa JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Philanthropist and scholar of Pisa; died there Feb. 10, 1492. The wealth he had acquired in the banking business he spent...

  1. Jehoahaz (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of Jehu; second king in the fifth dynasty of northern Israel; reigned 814-797 B.C. During the period of his rule Syria...

  1. Jehoash (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J329: Joash

  1. Jehoiachin (JE | WP GWP G

) King of Judah; son and successor of Jehoiakim (II Kings xxiv. 6); reigned a little over three months. He was scarcely on the...

  1. Jehoiada (JE | WP GWP G

) High priest under Ahaziah, Athaliah, and Jehoash (Joash). By his marriage with the princess Jehosheba or Jehoshabeath, daughter...

  1. Jehoiakim (JE | WP GWP G

) King of Judah (608-597 B.C.); eldest son of Josiah, and brother and successor of Jehoahaz (Shallum), whom Pharaohnecho had...

201 to 300[edit]

201 – 220[edit]

  1. Jehonadab (Jonadab) (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of Rechab, a Kenite (I Chron. ii. 55), the founder of the so-called Rechabites (I Chron. ii. 55; Jer. xxxv. 6-7). The...

  1. Jehoram (Joram) (JE | WP GWP G

) King of Israel (852-842 B.C.); son of Ahab and Jezebel; brother and successor of Ahaziah. Like his predecessors, Jehoram worshiped...

  1. Jehoshabeath (JE | WP GWP G

) Daughter of Jehoram, King of Judah, and wife of the high priest Jehoiada, together with whom she saved her brother's son...

  1. Jehoshaphat (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of Asa; fourth king of Judah (873-c. 849 B.C.); contemporary of Ahab, Ahaziah, and Jehoram, kings of Israel. He inaugurated...

  1. Valley of Jehoshaphat (JE | WP GWP G

) A valley mentioned by the prophet Joel (Joel iv. [A. V. iii.] 2, 12), where, after the return of Judah and Jerusalem from...

  1. Jehovah JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A mispronunciation (introduced by Christian theologians, but almost entirely disregarded by the Jews) of the Hebrew "Yhwh...

  1. Jehovah-jireh (JE | WP GWP G

) Name given by Abraham to the place where he sacrificed a ram instead of his son Isaac (Gen. xxii. 14). The name may be an...

  1. Jehu (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of Jehoshaphat and grandson of Nimshi, founder of the fifth Israelitish dynasty (842-743 B.C.); died 815 B.C., in the...

  1. Jehuda (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A146: Judah

  1. Jehudi b. Sheshet (JE | WP GWP G

) Hebrew philologist of the tenth century; pupil of Dunash b. Labraṭ. He is known exclusively through the polemic in which...

  1. Jeiteles (Jeitteles) (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian family of some importance, which can be traced back to the first half of the eighteenth century. Aaron (Andreas)...

  1. Alois Jeiteles (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian physician and poet; born June 20, 1794 (or 1795), at Brünn, Moravia; died there April 16, 1858. He studied philosophy...

  1. Rabbi Jekel (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J101: Jacob of Vienna

  1. Jekuthiel ibn Hasan (JE | WP GWP G

) Statesman and scientist of the eleventh century; lived in Saragossa. According to Geiger, he is identical with the astronomer...

  1. Jekuthiel ben Judah ha-Kohen (JE | WP GWP G

) Grammarian of Prague; lived in the second half of the thirteenth century. Baer claimed to have seen a manuscript which gave...

  1. Jekuthiel ben Löb Gordon (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian physician and cabalist; born at the beginning of the eighteenth century. Even as a young man he enjoyed a reputation...

  1. Jekuthiel ben Solomon (JE | WP GWP G

) French physician; lived at Narbonne in the second half of the fourteenth century. In 1387 he translated into Hebrew, under...

  1. Jekuthiel of Wilna (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J216: Jekuthiel, b. Löb Gordon

  1. Aryeh Löb Jelin JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi of Byelsk, government of Grodno, Russia; born 1820; died April 2, 1886. He was one of the most prominent Russian rabbis...

  1. Jellinek (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian family whose name has been rendered illustrious by the great preacher Adolf Jellinek. Adolf Jellinek: Austrian...

221 – 240[edit]

  1. Abraham Naphtali Hirz ben Mordecai Jener (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish rabbi; born at Yanov 1806; died at Cracow July 14, 1876. He was a pupil of his father and of his brother Johanan, and...

  1. Jephthah (JE | WP GWP G

) Judge of Israel during six years (Judges xii. 7); conqueror of the Ammonites. According to Judges xi. 1, he was a Gileadite...

  1. Jerahmeel JE (JE | WP GWP G

) David, while he was a refugee at the court of Achish, King of Gath, is said to have made a raid against the "south of the...

  1. Jeremiah (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of Hilkiah; prophet in the days of Josiah and his sons. § I. Life: in the case of no other Israelitish prophet...

  1. Book of Jeremiah JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Contents: At the beginning of the book is a superscription (i. 1-3) which, after giving the parentage of Jeremiah, fixes the...

  1. Epistle of Jeremiah (JE | WP GWP G

) A Greek apocryphon, being a fictitious letter which Jeremiah is supposed to have written to the Jews who were about to be...

  1. The Lamentations of Jeremiah (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L30: Lamentations

  1. Jeremiah (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish rabbi in the second half of the eighteenth century; head of the yeshibah at Mattersdorf, Hungary, in which he devoted...

  1. Jeremiah (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian scholar of the fourth century; always quoted by the single name "Jeremiah," though sometimes that name is used...

  1. Jeremiah b. Abba (JE | WP GWP G

) Babylonian amora of the third century; disciple and fellow of Rab (Ber. 27b). In Yerushalmi his patronymic is often omitted...

  1. Jeremiah of Difta (JE | WP GWP G

) Babylonian amora of the fourth century; contemporary of Papi (B. B. 52a; 'Ab. Zarah 40a). Rabbina, who eventually assisted...

  1. Jeremiah ben Eleazar (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian scholar of the second century; contemporary of Simeon b. Gamaliel, the father of Judah I. He is known through...

  1. Jeremiah ben Jacob ben Israel Naphtali (JE | WP GWP G

) German Talmudist and philanthropist; died in Halberstadt before 1664. Like his father, Jacob (Jockel Halberstadt), Jeremiah...

  1. Jerez de la Frontera (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See X3: Xeres de la Frontera

  1. Jericho (JE | WP GWP G

) A city in the Jordan valley, opposite Nebo (Deut. xxxii. 49), to the west of Gilgal (Josh. iv. 19). Owing to its importance...

  1. Jeridie-Terjume (JE | WP GWP G

) Title of a Jewish periodical, written in Judæo-Spanish, and printed in rabbinic characters, which was published at Constantinople...

  1. Jeroboam (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of two kings of Israel. The meaning generally attached to the name is "[he] strives with [oppresses] the people," or...

  1. Jeroham ben Meshullam (JE | WP GWP G

) French Talmudist; flourished in the first half of the fourteenth century. According to Gross, he lived in Languedoc, but on...

  1. Jerome (Eusebius Hieronymus Sophronius) (JE | WP GWP G

) Church father; next to Origen, who wrote in Greek, the most learned student of the Bible among the Latin ecclesiastical writers...

  1. Jersey City (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See N238: New Jersey

241 – 260[edit]

  1. Jerubbaal (JE | WP GWP G

) A name given to Gideon by his father, Joash (Judges vi. 32), because the men of the city of Ophrah demanded that he turn over...

  1. Jerusalem (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital at first of all Israel, later of the kingdom of Judah; chief city of Palestine; situated in 31° 46′ 45&#8243...

  1. Jerusalem (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Jeschurun (JE | WP GWP G

) Periodical published in Frankfort-on-the-Main and subsequently in Hanover. Founded in Oct., 1854, it was issued as a monthly...

  1. Jeschurun (Zeitschrift für die Wissenschaft des Judenthums) (JE | WP GWP G

) Periodical edited and published by Joseph Isaac Kobak. Among its contributors were S. L. Rapoport, S. D. Luzzatto, A. H. Weiss...

  1. Jesharelah (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A1879: Asarelah

  1. Jeshibah (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See Y35: Yeshibah

  1. Jeshua ben Judah JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Karaite exegete and philosopher; flourished, probably at Jerusalem, in the second half of the eleventh century; pupil of Joseph...

  1. Jeshurun (JE | WP GWP G

) Poetical name for Israel, occurring four times in the Bible (Deut. xxxii. 15, xxxiii. 5, 26; Isa. xliv. 2; in the last-cited...

  1. Samuel Jesi JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian engraver; born at Milan 1789; died at Florence Jan. 17, 1853. He was a pupil of G. Longhi at the Academy of Milan...

  1. Jesse (JE | WP GWP G

) Father of David, son of Obed, and grandson of Boaz and Ruth. He is called "the Bethlehemite" (I Sam. xvi. 1, 18; xvii. 58)...

  1. Sir George Jessel (JE | WP GWP G

) English master of the rolls; born in London 1824; died there March 21, 1883; youngest son of Zadok Aaron Jessel. Educatedat...

  1. Jesurun (JE | WP GWP G

) A family whose members were descendants of the Spanish exiles, and are found mainly in Amsterdam and Hamburg. The earliest...

  1. Jesus of Nazareth (JE | WP GWP G

) Founder of Christianity; born at Nazareth about 2 B.C. (according to Luke iii. 23); executed at Jerusalem 14th of Nisan, 3789...

  1. Jesus b. Phabi (JE | WP GWP G

) High priest (c. 30 B.C.). He was deposed by Herod the Great, his office being given to Simon, the son of Boethus, the king&#39...

  1. Jesus Sirach (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S836: Sirach

  1. Jesus ben Zappha (JE | WP GWP G

) General (στρατηγός) of Idumæa in the first century, appointed by the revolutionary...

  1. Jethro >> Jethro in rabbinic literature JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Priest of Midian and father-in-law of Moses (Ex. iii. 1 et al.). In the account of the marriage of his daughter Zipporah to...

  1. Jew (The Word) (JE | WP GWP G

) Up to the seventeenth century this word was spelled in Middle English in various ways: "Gyu," "Giu," "Gyw," "Iu," "luu," "Iuw...

  1. The Jew (JE | WP GWP G

) Jewish monthly whose avowed object finds expression in its subtitle as "being a defense of Judaism against all adversaries...

261 – 280[edit]

  1. Jew Bill (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See E375: England

  1. Jew of Malta (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B242: Barabas

  1. Jacob Jewell (JE | WP GWP G

) Owner of the largest traveling circus in England; died Sept., 1884; tenant, under W. Holland, of North Woolwich Gardens for...

  1. Jewesses (JE | WP GWP G

) Anthropologically considered, Jewesses present certain distinctive physiognomic and epidermic characteristics marking them...

  1. Jewish Abend-Post (JE | WP GWP G

) Yiddish newspaper, issued daily except Saturday and Jewish holidays, established in New York Feb. 3, 1899, by Jacob Saphirstein...

  1. Jewish Advance (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L142: Leeser, Isaac

  1. Jewish Advocate (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. The Jewish Chronicle (JE | WP GWP G

) Oldest and most influential Anglo-Jewish newspaper; published in London, England; next to the "Allgemeine Zeitung des Judenthums...

  1. Jewish Chronicle (Baltimore; Boston; Mobile) (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. The Jewish Colonial Trust (Jüdische Colonialbank) (JE | WP GWP G

) the financial instrument of the Zionist movement. Its establishment was suggested at the First Zionist Congress, held at Basel...

  1. Jewish Colonization Association (JE | WP GWP G

) Society founded by Baron de Hirsch Sept., 1891, and incorporated at London under the Companies' Acts of 1862-90, with...

  1. Jewish Comment (JE | WP GWP G

) A weekly published at Baltimore, Md., since May 29, 1895. Its first editor was Max Myers; he was succeeded by Louis H. Levin...

  1. The Jewish Criterion (JE | WP GWP G

) American weekly newspaper; established at Pittsburg, Pa., Feb; 8, 1895, by S. Steinfirst and Joseph Mayer. Rabbi Samuel Greenfield...

  1. The Jewish Exponent (JE | WP GWP G

) A weekly published in Philadelphia and Baltimore since 1887, when it was founded by the Jewish Exponent Publishing Company...

  1. Jewish Expositor (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Jewish Free Press (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Jewish Gazette (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Jewish Herald (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Jewish Historical Society of England (JE | WP GWP G

) After the Anglo-Jewish Historical Exhibition in 1887, it was proposed by Lucien Wolf to form a historical society to continue...

  1. Jewish Lads' Brigade (JE | WP GWP G

) Military association of English Jewish boys, formed, organized, and directed by Col. Albert E. W. Goldsmid "to instil into...

281 – 300[edit]

  1. The Jewish Ledger (JE | WP GWP G

) Weekly journal; founded in New Orleans, La., Jan. 4, 1895, by A. Steeg, who is still (1904) its publisher. Its first editor...

  1. The Jewish Messenger (JE | WP GWP G

) Weekly; published in New York city; founded and edited by R. Samuel M. Isaacs (Jan., 1857). Upon his death his son Abram S...

  1. Jewish Morning Journal (Morgen Journal) (JE | WP GWP G

) the first Yiddish daily morning newspaper; established in New York July 2, 1901, by Jacob Saphirstein, who is still (1904)...

  1. Jewish News (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Jewish Progress (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Jewish Publication Society of America (JE | WP GWP G

) Society for "the publication and dissemination of literary, scientific, and religious works giving instruction in the principles...

  1. Jewish Quarterly Review JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Journal of Jewish science; founded in London Oct., 1888; edited by Israel Abrahams and C. G. Montefiore. While containing...

  1. Jewish Record (London) (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. The Jewish Record (JE | WP GWP G

) Weekly; published in Philadelphia, Pa., from 1874 until the spring of 1887. Alfred T. Jones was the editor, and later Henry...

  1. Jewish Reformer (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. The Jewish Review (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. The Jewish Review and Observer (JE | WP GWP G

) American weekly newspaper; founded under the name "The Jewish Review" in Nov., 1893, by M. Machol and his son Jacob Machol...

  1. Jewish Sabbath Journal (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Jewish Schoolfellow (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Jewish South (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. The Jewish Spectator (JE | WP GWP G

) the first Jewish weekly journal in the southern United States; founded in Memphis, Tenn., Oct. 19, 1885, by M. Samfield and...

  1. Jewish Theological Seminary of America (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbinic seminary established in New York city under the auspices of the Jewish Theological Seminary Association; founded...

  1. Jewish Tidings (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. London Jewish Times (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. The Jewish Times; A Journal of Reform and Progress (JE | WP GWP G

) A weekly published in New York city. The first number appeared on March 5, 1869, Moritz Ellinger being the publisher, and...

301 to 400[edit]

301 – 320[edit]

  1. Jewish Times and Observer (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Jewish Tribune (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Jewish Voice (JE | WP GWP G

) American weekly newspaper; published in St. Louis, Mo., since Jan. 1, 1888. The present editor, M. Spitz, founded on Aug....

  1. Jewish Weekly Review (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Jewish Women (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. The Jewish World (Die Yiddische Welt) (JE | WP GWP G

) Yiddish daily paper; founded in New York city June 27, 1902, by the Lebanon Printing and Publishing Company (president, H...

  1. The Jewish World (JE | WP GWP G

) the fourth Jewish newspaper published in London, immediately on the passing of the "Jewish Record." Its first number was issued...

  1. Abraham Jonah b. Isaiah Jewnin (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian Talmudist; a native of Paritz, government of Minsk; died at Grodno June 12, 1848, while still young. He was the author...

  1. Jewry JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Originally a designation for Judea and sometimes for the entire Holy Land. The term was afterward applied to any special district...

  1. Jews' College (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbinical seminary in London, England; it owes its existence to the chief rabbi Dr. N. M. Adler; the first stone was laid...

  1. Jews' Walk (JE | WP GWP G

) Name given to the southeast corner of the colonnade in the Royal Exchange, London, owing to the fact that the Jewish brokers...

  1. Jezdegerd (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P210: Persia

  1. Jezebel (JE | WP GWP G

) Daughter of Ethbaal, King of Sidon, and wife of Ahab, second king of the fourth dynasty of Israel, founded by Omri (I Kings...

  1. Jezelus (JE | WP GWP G

) 1. Father of Sechenias, the chief of a family that returned with Ezra from captivity (I Esd. viii. 32). In Ezra viii. 5 he...

  1. Jezreel (JE | WP GWP G

) See Esdraelon.2. A city of Issachar, mentioned with Chesulloth and Shunem (Josh. xix. 18). Owing to its importance, Jezreel...

  1. Solomon Ballajce Jhiratkar (JE | WP GWP G

) Beni-Israel soldier; enlisted in the 14th Regiment Bombay N. L. I. in 1818; promoted jemidar Jan. 10, 1839; subahdar Jan....

  1. Jid (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Jidische Illustrirte Zeitung (JE | WP GWP G

) See Peridicals.

  1. Jidische Volksbibliothek (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Jidischer Puck (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

321 – 340[edit]

  1. Jitomir JE (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A54: Zhitomir

  1. Joab >> Joab in rabbinic literature JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of Zeruiah, David's sister (II Chron. ii. 16), and commander-in-chief of David's army. Joab first appears after...

  1. Joab (JE | WP GWP G

) Jewish family to which belonged Aaron b. Samuel ha-Nasi, who lived for some time at Oria in Apulia in the second half of the...

  1. Joab ben Jehiel (JE | WP GWP G

) Liturgical poet; lived at Rome in the fourteenth century. He belonged to the Beth-El family, and was the author of five piyyu&#7789...

  1. Joseph Joachim (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian violinist; born at Kittsee, near Presburg, Hungary, June 28, 1831. He began to study the violin when he was five...

  1. Philip J Joachimsen (JE | WP GWP G

) American jurist and communal worker; born in Breslau Nov., 1817; died in New York city Jan. 6, 1890. He emigrated to New York...

  1. Ferdinand J Joachimsthal JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German mathematician; born May 9, 1818, at Goldberg, Silesia; died April 5, 1861, at Breslau. In the year of his graduation...

  1. Georg Joachimsthal (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician; born at Stargard, Pomerania, May 8, 1863. He graduated as doctor of medicine from the University of Berlin...

  1. Joash JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of Ahaziah and Zibiah of Beer-sheba; eighth king of Judah (II Kings xii. 1, 2). Joash was the only descendant of the house...

  1. Job >> Job in rabbinic literature JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Titular hero of the Book of Job. He was a native of Uz, rich, very pious, and upright, and he had seven sons and three daughters...

  1. The Book of Job (JE | WP GWP G

) A dramatic poem in forty-two chapters, the characters in which are Job, his wife (mentioned only once, ii. 9), his three friends&#8212...

  1. Testament of Job (JE | WP GWP G

) Greek apocryphal book, containing a haggadic story of Job. It was first published by Angelo Mai in the seventh volume of the...

  1. Well of Job (JE | WP GWP G

) A deep well, situated just below the junction of the valley of Hinnom with that of Jehoshaphat, the channel of the Kidron...

  1. Jobab (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of Joktan the Shemite (Gen. x. 29; I Chron. i. 23).2. Son of Zerah of Bozrah; second king of Edom (Gen. xxxvi. 33, 34...

  1. Joceus (Joce) of York JE (JE | WP GWP G

) English Jew of the preexpulsion period; leader of the York community at the time of the massacre in 1190. He is mentioned...

  1. Jochanan (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J349: Johanan

  1. Jochebed (JE | WP GWP G

) Wife and aunt of Amram, and mother of Aaron, Moses, and Miriam (Ex. vi. 20). She was the daughter of Levi, and was born in...

  1. Waldemar Jochelson JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian explorer and ethnologist; born in Wilna Jan. 1, 1856. He graduated from the gymnasium of Wilna, and became identified...

  1. Jod (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A1308: Alphabet, Hebrew

  1. Joel (JE | WP GWP G

) the superscription of the second book of the so-called Minor Prophets names as the author of the book "Joel, the son of Pethuel...

341 – 360[edit]

  1. Book of Joel (JE | WP GWP G

) the prophecies of the Book of Joel are divided into two parts, comprising respectively (1) ch. i. 2-ii. 17 and (2) ch. ii...

  1. David Joël (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi and author; born Jan. 12, 1815, at Inowrazlaw, Posen; died Sept. 7, 1882, at Breslau; brother of Manuel Jo&#235...

  1. Joel b. Isaac ha-Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) German tosafist of the twelfth century; born probably at Bonn; died at Cologne about 1200. Joel studied in his youth at Ratisbon...

  1. Joel b. Judah Selki ha-Levi (Lämmel?) (JE | WP GWP G

) Author of "Dibre ha-Iggeret," a description of the sufferings of the Jews of Glogau when that town was besieged by the Prussians...

  1. Karl Joël (JE | WP GWP G

) German philosophical writer; born March 27, 1864, at Hirschberg, Silesia; son of Rabbi H. Joël of that city and nephew...

  1. Lewis Joel (JE | WP GWP G

) British consul-general to Chile; born in Dublin 1824; died in London Feb. 28, 1899. He was educated at Bristol; in May, 1861...

  1. Manuel Joël (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; born Oct. 19, 1826, at Birnbaum, province of Posen; died at Breslau Nov. 3, 1890; son of Rabbi Heimann Jo&#235...

  1. Joel ibn Shu'aib (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See I50: Ibn Shu'aib, Joel

  1. Johanan b. Baroka (JE | WP GWP G

) Teacher of the second century (second and third tannaitic periods); disciple of Joshua b. Hananiah and colleague of Eleazar...

  1. Johanan Gadi (JE | WP GWP G

) Eldest of the five sons of Mattathias the Maccabee (I Macc. ii. 2; Josephus, "Ant." xii. 6, § 1), though the least important...

  1. Johanan b. Gudgada (JE | WP GWP G

) Scholar and chief gatekeeper at the Temple in the last years of its existence (Tosef., Shek. ii. 14); senior of Joshua...

  1. Johanan ben ha-Horanit (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian tanna of the first generation; disciple of Hillel (according to Frankel, "Darke ha-Mishnah," p. 53, note 8, a...

  1. Johanan ben Isaac of Holleschau (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi of the German community of London at the beginning of the eighteenth century. He edited "Teshubot ha-Geonim," responsa...

  1. Johanan ben Jehoiada (JE | WP GWP G

) High priest under Artaxerxes Ochus (359-338 B.C.); perhaps identical with the one mentioned in Neh. xii. 11 ("Johanan" being...

  1. Johanan ben Kareah (JE | WP GWP G

) General of the Israelites at the time of Nebuchadnezzar (c. 586 B.C.). After the kingdom of Judea had been destroyed by the...

  1. Johanan ben Meriya (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the fifth or sixth generation (4th and 5th cent.). Johanan is frequently mentioned in the Talmud of Jerusalem...

  1. Johanan b. Nappaha (ha-Nappah) (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian scholar; born at Sepphoris in the last quarter of the second century; died at Tiberias 279. He is generally cited...

  1. Johanan b. ha-Nazuf (JE | WP GWP G

) Friend of Gamaliel II. (first and second centuries). It is related that Ḥalafta once went to Tiberias and found Gamaliel...

  1. Johanan b. Nuri JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Tanna of the first and second centuries; junior of Gamaliel II. and senior of Akiba (Sifra, Kedoshim, iv. 9; 'Ar...

  1. Johanan ha-Sandalar (JE | WP GWP G

) Tanna of the second century; one of Akiba's disciples that survived the Hadrianic persecutions and transmitted the traditional...

361 – 380[edit]

  1. Johanan b. Torta (JE | WP GWP G

) Scholar of the first and second centuries; contemporary of Akiba. When Akiba hailed bar Kokba as the Messiah, the latter exclaimed...

  1. Johanan b. Zakkai (JE | WP GWP G

) the most important tanna in the last decade of the Second Temple, and, after the destruction of Jerusalem, the founder and...

  1. Johannes de Capua (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J372: John of Capua

  1. Johannes Hispalensis (JE | WP GWP G

) Baptized Jew who flourished between 1135 and 1153; his Jewish name is unknown and has been corrupted into "Avendeut," "Avendehut"...

  1. Johannes Pauli (JE | WP GWP G

) German humorist and convert to Christianity; born about 1455; died at Thann 1530. He became a distinguished preacher of the...

  1. Johannes (David) Toletanus (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J364: Johannes Hispalensis

  1. Johannesburg (JE | WP GWP G

) Largest city in the Transvaal and principal center of Jewish life in South Africa. The Jewish community there is estimated...

  1. Joseph Johlson (Asher ben Joseph Fulda) (JE | WP GWP G

) German Bible translator and writer on educational topics; born in 1777 at Fulda; died atFrankfort-on-the-Main June 13, 1851...

  1. John (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See N245: New Testament

  1. John Albert (JE | WP GWP G

) King of Poland (1492-1501). He ascended the throne of Poland in the same year in which his brother Alexander Jagellon became...

  1. John the Baptist (JE | WP GWP G

) Essene saint and preacher; flourished between 20 and 30 C.E.; fore-runner of Jesus of Nazareth and originator of the Christian...

  1. John of Capua JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian convert to Christianity, and translator; flourished between 1262 and 1269. He translated Rabbi Joel's Hebrew version...

  1. John Casimir (JE | WP GWP G

) King of Poland (1648-68). He was elected to the throne with the aid of Chmielnicki, who after the election returned to the...

  1. John of Giscala (Johanan ben Levi) (JE | WP GWP G

) Native of the small Galilean city of Giscala ( ), who took an important part in the great war against Rome (66-70). He was...

  1. The Gospel of John (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See N245: New Testament

  1. John Hyrcanus (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H1003: Hyrcanus

  1. John Sobieski (JE | WP GWP G

) King of Poland (1674-96). During his reign Poland had already lost its prominent position among European peoples, and, except...

  1. John of Valladolid JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Jewish convert to Christianity; born 1335. An able speaker, and possessed of some knowledge of rabbinical literature, he persuaded...

  1. Johnson (JE | WP GWP G

) American family, members of which have attained distinction in Ohio, Texas, and New York. The family is from England, the...

  1. Joiada (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of Eliashib, high priest about 450 B.C. (Neh. xii. 10-11, 22). One of his children became a son-in-law of Sanballat the...

381 – 400[edit]

  1. Joigny (JE | WP GWP G

) Chief town in the department of the Yonne (the ancient Champagne), France, situated on the River Yonne. It had an important...

  1. Joint Owners (JE | WP GWP G

) in the Mishnah joint owners are known as "shuttafin." When the joint owners are coheirs the Mishnah speaks of them as "the...

  1. Joinville (JE | WP GWP G

) French town in the department of Haute-Marne; in the Tosafot occur , and other variants (Yoma 81; 'Er. 24; Ber. 8; Bek...

  1. Joktan (JE | WP GWP G

) Younger son of Eber and progenitor of thirteen Arabic tribes (Gen. x. 25-29; I Chron. i. 19-23), many of which—as Hazarmaveth...

  1. Zechariah Isaiah b. Mordecai Jolles (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbinical scholar and author; born at Lemberg about 1814; died at Minsk, Russia, May 14, 1852. In 1834, after having married...

  1. Heymann (Hayyim ben Abraham) Jolowicz (JE | WP GWP G

) German preacher and author; born Aug. 23, 1816, at Santomischl, province of Posen; died at Königsberg, Prussia, Jan....

  1. Jonadab (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J201: Jehonadab

  1. Jonah JE >> Jonah in rabbinic literature JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Prophet in the days of Jeroboam II.; son of Amittai of Gath-hepher. He is a historical personage; for, according to II Kings...

  1. Book of Jonah (JE | WP GWP G

) the Book of Jonah stands unique in the prophetical canon, in that it does not contain any predictions, but simply relates...

  1. Jonah JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the fourth century; leading rabbinical authority in the fourth amoraic generation. With Jose II., his...

  1. Jonah (Abu al-Walid Merwan ibn Janah) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See I24: Ibn Janaḥ

  1. Jonah ben Judah Gershon (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi and author; died in Wilna 1808. He was dayyan of that city, and devoted his time to the study of the Tosefta, which...

  1. Jonah Landsopher (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J393: Landsopher, Jonah

  1. Benjamin Franklin Jonas (JE | WP GWP G

) American lawyer, soldier, and statesman; born in Williamstown, Grant county, Kentucky, July 19, 1834. In early youth he removed...

  1. Emil Jonas (JE | WP GWP G

) German writer and publicist; born July 14, 1824, at Schwerin, Mecklenburg; educated at the gymnasium of his native city and...

  1. Émile Jonas (JE | WP GWP G

) French musician; born at Paris March 5, 1827. He entered the Conservatoire in 1841, where he took the first prize in harmony...

  1. Moses Jonas (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B1306: Bonn, Jonas ben Moses

  1. Jonathan, Jehonathan (JE | WP GWP G

) 1. Son or descendant of Gershom, son of Moses. He officiated as a priest to the idol of Micah—a service continued in...

  1. Jonathan (Nathan) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Tanna of the second century; schoolfellow of Josiah, apart from whom he is rarely quoted. Jonathan is generally so cited without...

  1. Jonathan ben Absalom (JE | WP GWP G

) General of Simon Maccabeus. At the command of the latter he took possession of Joppa, and drove out the inhabitants in order...

401 to 500[edit]

401 – 420[edit]

  1. Jonathan b. 'Akmai (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the third generation. According to Yer. Ter. xi. he was one of the teachers of Abbahu. It is probable...

  1. Jonathan (Nathan) b. Amram (JE | WP GWP G

) Semi-tanna of the second and third centuries; disciple of Judah I. and senior of Jannai, who consulted him concerning ritual...

  1. Jonathan b. Anan (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of the high priest Anan; was appointed by Vitellius high priest in the place of Joseph Caiaphas, at the time of the Passover...

  1. Jonathan (Nathan) of Bet Gubrin (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian scholar of the third century; junior of Joshua b. Levi and senior of Simon b. Pazzi (Cant. R. i. 1). He confined...

  1. Jonathan ben David ha-Kohen of Lunel JE (JE | WP GWP G

) French philosopher; flourished in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. He defended Maimonides against the severe attacks...

  1. Jonathan ben Eleazar (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian scholar of the third century; contemporary of Ḥanina b. Ḥama (Shab. 49a et seq.); disciple of Simon...

  1. Jonathan ben Horkinas (Archinas) (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian scholar of the first century; contemporary of Eleazar b. Azariah and a disciple of the school of Shammai. He was...

  1. Jonathan ben Jacob (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian Talmudist and author; flourished at Buda (Ofen) toward the end of the seventeenth century. In 1688, when Buda was...

  1. Jonathan ben Joseph JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Lithuanian rabbi and astronomer; lived at Risenoi, government of Grodno, in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. In addition...

  1. Jonathan Levi Zion (JE | WP GWP G

) Representative of the Jewish community of Frankfort-on-the-Main in its defense against the attacks of John Pfefferkorn. When...

  1. Jonathan Maccabeus (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of Mattathias; leader of the Jews in the Maccabean wars from 161 to 143 B.C. He is called also Apphus (Ἀπ&#966...

  1. Jonathan the Sadducee (JE | WP GWP G

) Friend of the Hasmonean prince John Hyrcanus (135-104 B.C.). As the Pharisees belittled the prince's fitness for the office...

  1. Jonathan Sar ha-Birah (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J406: Jonathan ben Eleazar

  1. Jonathan ben Uzziel (JE | WP GWP G

) Hillel's most distinguished pupil (Suk. 28a; B. B. 134a). No halakot of his have been preserved, though a tradition makes...

  1. Aaron b. Zebi Jonathanson (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian Hebraist and poet; born about 1815; died in Kovno July 27, 1868. His father, a great-grandson of Jonathan Eybesch&#252...

  1. Alfred T Jones (JE | WP GWP G

) American editor and communal worker; born in Boston July 4, 1822; died at Philadelphia Oct. 3, 1888. In 1842 he became a resident...

  1. Thomas Jones JE (JE | WP GWP G

) English publisher; convert to Judaism; born in 1791; died in London May 25, 1882. By birth a Roman Catholic, his change of...

  1. Joppa (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J135: Jaffa

  1. Joram (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J202: Jehoram

  1. The Jordan (JE | WP GWP G

) Principal river of Palestine, formed by the confluence of three streams rising respectively at (1) Baniyas (Paneas), (2) Tell...

421 – 440[edit]

  1. Abba Jose (Joseph) ben Dositai (Dosai; Derosai; Dosa) (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian tanna of the second century; mentioned as both halakist and haggadist. He transmitted a halakah of R. Jose the...

  1. Abba Jose ben Hanin JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian tanna of the last decades before the destruction of the Temple; contemporary of Eliezer B. Jacob and of &#7716...

  1. Abba Jose of Mahuza (JE | WP GWP G

) Scholar of the third (?) century; mentioned once only (Mek., Beshallach, Wayechi, 3), a haggadah of his being transmitted...

  1. Jose b. Abin JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the fifth generation (4th cent.); son of R. Abin I. (Bacher, "Ag. Pal. Amor." iii. 724) and the teacher...

  1. Jose (Isi, Issi) ben Akabya (Akiba) (JE | WP GWP G

) Tanna of the beginning of the third century. The name "Issi" or "Assa" is derived from "Jose," and was borne by many tannaim...

  1. Jose the Galilean JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Tanna; lived in the first and second centuries of the common era. Jose was a contemporary and colleague of R. Akiba, R. &#7788...

  1. Jose ben Halafta JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian tanna of the fourth generation (2d cent.). of his life only the following few details are known: He was born at...

  1. Jose b. Jacob b. Idi (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the fourth generation (4th cent.). He was the colleague of R. Judan of Magdala (Yer. Ta'an. i. 3)...

  1. Jose ben Joezer of Zeredah JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi of the early Maccabean period; possibly a disciple of Antigonus of Soko, though this is not certain. He belonged to...

  1. Jose (Joseph) ben Johanan (JE | WP GWP G

) President of the Sanhedrin in the second century B.C.; a native of Jerusalem. He and Jose b. Joezer were the successors and...

  1. Jose ben Jose (JE | WP GWP G

) the earliest payyeṭan known by name; flourished, at the latest, about the end of the sixth century in Palestine. He...

  1. Jose b. Judah (JE | WP GWP G

) Tanna of the end of the second century. He is principally known through his controversies with R. Judah I. As specimens of...

  1. Jose b. Kazrata (Kuzira; Kazra) (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the first amoraic generation; son-in-law of R. Jose. Kohut is of the opinion that the surname is derived...

  1. Jose ha-Kohen ("the Pious") (JE | WP GWP G

) Tanna of the second generation; flourished in the first and second centuries; pupil of Johanan ben Zakkai. It is said of him...

  1. Jose of Mallahaya (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the fourth generation. According to his explanation of Ps. lvii. 5 the disasters that overtook the Jews...

  1. Jose of Maon (JE | WP GWP G

) Popular preacher of the beginning of the third century; delivered his addresses in a synagogue at Tiberias which bore the...

  1. Jose b. Nehorai (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the first generation; halakot are transmitted in his name by Johanan (Rashi, B. M. 41a). of his haggadic...

  1. Jose b. Saul JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the first generation (3d cent.). He is known chiefly as a transmitter of the sayings and traditions of...

  1. Rafael Joseffy (JE | WP GWP G

) American piano virtuoso; born in 1852 in Hunfalu, Hungary. In the following year the family moved to Miskolcz, where he spent...

  1. Josel (Joselmann, Joselin) of Rosheim (Joseph ben Gershon Loanz) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) the great advocate ("shtadlan") of the German Jews during the reigns of the emperors Maximilian I. and Charles V.; born about...

441 – 460[edit]

  1. Joseph (JE | WP GWP G

) Eleventh son of Jacob and the elder of the two sons of Rachel; born at Haran (Gen. xxx. 24). The meaning given to the name...

  1. Joseph (High Priest) (JE | WP GWP G

) 1. Son of Ellem () of Sepphoris; installed by Herod for one day (Yom Kippur) as a substitute for the high priest, who had...

  1. Joseph II (JE | WP GWP G

) German emperor; born March 13, 1741; died Feb. 20, 1790, at Vienna. As German emperor his sovereignty was one in name only...

  1. Joseph (JE | WP GWP G

) Prominent Jewish family which settled in Canada toward the close of the eighteenth century. It was descended from Naphtali...

  1. Joseph ben Abba (JE | WP GWP G

) Gaon of Pumbedita for a period of two years; died in 816 (Sherira Gaon; Neubauer, "M. J. C." i. 37). Abraham ibn Daud ("Sefer...

  1. Joseph ibn Abitur (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A334: Abitur, Joseph

  1. Joseph ben Abraham JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Liturgical poet. Seven prayers bearing the name "Joseph ben Abraham" are found in the Siddur of Avignon. Zunz identifies this...

  1. Joseph ben Abraham Issachar Bärman Minkdam (JE | WP GWP G

) Dutch scholar of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He translated into Judæo-German the Targum to Canticles (Amsterdam...

  1. Joseph ben Abraham ha-Kohen ha-Ro'eh (JE | WP GWP G

) Karaite philosopher and theologian; flourished in Babylonia or Persia in the first half of the eleventh century; teacher of...

  1. Joseph ben Ahmad ibn Hasdai (JE | WP GWP G

) Egyptian physician and medical writer; lived in Cairo at the beginning of the twelfth century. Although his biographer, Ibn...

  1. Joseph the Apostate (JE | WP GWP G

) Jewish convert to Christianity in the first half of the fourth century. He was one of the assessors of the rabbinical school...

  1. Joseph ben Ardut (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See N80: Nasi, Joseph

  1. Joseph of Arimathaea (JE | WP GWP G

) Wealthy Jew (probably a member of the Essene fraternity) who, out of sympathy with Jesus, gave him burial in one of the tombs...

  1. Joseph of Arles (JE | WP GWP G

) French Talmudist and cabalist of the sixteenth century. A letter signed "Joseph " (= "of Arles") is found among the halakic...

  1. Joseph the Astronomer (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See V31: Vecinho, Joseph

  1. Joseph de Avila (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See Z142: Zohar

  1. Joseph ben Baruch JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Tosafist of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. Gross identifies him with Joseph of Clisson. Joseph resided for some time...

  1. Joseph al-Bashir (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J449: Joseph ben Abraham ha-Kohen

  1. Joseph Bekor Shor JE (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J479: Joseph ben Isaac Bekor Shor

  1. Joseph ben Berechiah (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi of Kairwan and a pupil of Jacob bar Nissim; flourished in the tenth century. He carried on a scientific correspondence...

461 – 480[edit]

  1. Joseph Caspi JE (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C231: Caspi, Joseph

  1. Joseph of Chartres (JE | WP GWP G

) French elegiac poet; born in the second half of the twelfth century (Zunz ["Literaturgesch." p. 470] says that he flourished...

  1. Joseph of Chinon (JE | WP GWP G

) French Talmudist; lived about the middle of the thirteenth century. According to Zunz, Joseph was a son of Nathanael the Holy...

  1. Joseph of Clisson (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J457: Joseph ben Baruch

  1. David Joseph (JE | WP GWP G

) German architect; born July 4, 1863, at Königsberg, eastern Prussia; educated at the gymnasium of his native town and...

  1. Joseph David (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi of Salonica; flourished in the first half of the eighteenth century; contemporary of Solomon Amarillo and Joseph Covo...

  1. Joseph ben David Heilbronn of Eschau (JE | WP GWP G

) German Masorite; lived at the Hague in the eighteenth century. He was the author of "Sefer Mebin Ḥidot" (Amsterdam,...

  1. Joseph ben David ha-Yewani (JE | WP GWP G

) Greek grammarian and lexicographer; flourished at the end of the thirteenth or about the middle of the fourteenth century...

  1. Joseph David ben Zebi (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian rabbi and author; born in Zetil, government of Grodno, 1767; died in Mir, government of Minsk, 1846. He was the grandson...

  1. Joseph of Dreux (JE | WP GWP G

) French Talmudist of the first half of the thirteenth century. His name occurs in a manuscript in the British Museum collection...

  1. Joseph ben Elimelech of Torbin (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish scholar of the seventeenth century. He was the author of "Ben Ziyyon" (Amsterdam, 1690), containing mnemonic...

  1. Joseph of Gamala (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of a midwife (Josephus, "Vita," § 37). With Chares he incited the inhabitants of Gamala to revolt against Agrippa...

  1. Joseph ben Gorion JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Author of the "Sefer Yosippon," a history of the Jews from the time of the destruction of Babylon (539 B.C.) to the downfall...

  1. Joseph ibn Hasan (JE | WP GWP G

) Arabic author of the fifteenth century or earlier. In 1467 he wrote "Muchsin al-Adab," on culture, in fifty Ka&#7779...

  1. Joseph Hazzan ben Judah of Troyes (JE | WP GWP G

) French Talmudist and ḥazzan; flourished at Troyes about the middle of the thirteenth century. From quotations in "Minḥat Yehudah" (pp. 1b, 19b, 24a, 28a, 38a) it is known that he wrote a commentary on Ecclesiastes...

  1. Henry Samuel Joseph (JE | WP GWP G

) English convert to Christianity; born in 1801; died at Strasburg, Alsace, Jan. 28, 1864. At first a preacher in the synagogue...

  1. Joseph bar Hiyya (JE | WP GWP G

) Gaon of Pumbedita from 828 to 833. In the controversy between Daniel and the exilarch David ben Judah, the gaon Abraham ben...

  1. Joseph ben Ibrahim ibn Wakar (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See I62: Ibn Waḳar, Joseph ben Abraham

  1. Joseph ben Isaac Bekor Shor of Orleans (JE | WP GWP G

) French tosafist, exegete, and poet; flourished in the second half of the twelfth century; pupil of Jacob Tam, Joseph Caro...

  1. Joseph b. Isaac of Chinon (JE | WP GWP G

) French tosatist; lived in the second half of the twelfth and at the beginning of the thirteenth century. He is mentioned as...

481 – 500[edit]

  1. Joseph ben Isaac ha-Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) Lithuanian philosopher of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. He was well versed in philosophical works, and when in Prague was asked by Yom-Ṭob Lipman Heller...

  1. Joseph Israel (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J59: Jacob ben Joseph Israel

  1. Jacob Joseph JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian-American rabbi; born at Krozhe, government of Kovno, Russia, 1848; died at New York July 28, 1902. He studied in the...

  1. Joseph ben Jacob (JE | WP GWP G

) Gaon of Sura about 930-936 and 942-948. He was chosen by the exilarch David ben Zakkai to fill the place of Saadia (c. 930)...

  1. Joseph b. Jacob Isaac (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi at Yampol, Russia, later at Zamoscz; died in 1807. He was the author of "Mishnat Ḥakamim," on various subjects...

  1. Joseph ben Jacob of Pinczow (JE | WP GWP G

) Lithuanian Talmudist of the seventeenth century. He was a pupil of Zebi Hirsch, rabbi in Lublin. In 1687 he was rabbi...

  1. Joseph ben Jacob ibn Zaddik JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish rabbi, poet, and philosopher; died at Cordova 1149. A Talmudist of high repute, he was appointed in 1138 dayyan at...

  1. Joseph ben Johanan (JE | WP GWP G

) French rabbi of the fourteenth century. He was a native of Treves (, read by Carmoly "Troyes"), and seems to have been the...

  1. Joseph b. Joshua b. Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) Amora of the third century; educated by his father (Shab. 68a; Ber. 8b; Yeb. 9a). He was the son-in-law of Judah ha-Nasi;...

  1. Joseph ben Joshua ben Meïr ha-Kohen (JE | WP GWP G

) Historian and physician of the sixteenth century; born at Avignon Dec. 20, 1496; died at Genoa in 1575 or shortly after. His...

  1. Joseph ben Judah ibn 'Aknin >> Joseph ben Judah of Ceuta JE (JE conflates the two) (JE | WP GWP G

) Disciple of Moses Maimonides; born about 1160; died 1226. For the first twenty-five years of his life he lived with his father...

  1. Joseph ben Kalonymus ha-Nakdan (JE | WP GWP G

) German Masorite and liturgical poet; flourished in the first half of the thirteenth century. He was the author of a long acrostic...

  1. Joseph Kara JE (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See K105: Kara, Joseph ben Simeon

  1. Joseph, King of the Chazars (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C402: Chazars

  1. Joseph (Jose) b. Kisma (JE | WP GWP G

) Tanna of the first and second centuries; contemporary and senior of Hananiah b. Teradion. He is never cited in connection...

  1. Joseph ha-Kohen JE (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J490: Joseph ben Joshua ben Meïr ha-Kohen

  1. Joseph de Lamego (JE | WP GWP G

) See Capateiro, Joseph.

  1. Joseph (b. Jacob) of Mandeville (Morell) (JE | WP GWP G

) French exegete; pupil of Abraham ibn Ezra. He wrote a supercommentary on that scholar's commentary on Exodus (Neubauer...

  1. Joseph ben Meïr (JE | WP GWP G

) Liturgical poet of the thirteenth century; perhaps uncle of Meïr of Rothenburg. He was the author of a dirge beginning...

  1. Joseph ben Meïr Te'omim JE (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See T143: Te'omim, Joseph ben Meïr

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