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1 to 100[edit]

1 – 20[edit]

  1. Oak and Terebinth (JE | wp gwp g) The Hebrew terms calling for consideration here are: "elah" (Gen. xxxv. 4; Judges vi. 11, 19, and elsewhere); "el" (only ......
  2. Oath (JE | wp gwp g) The Hebrew terms for "oath," "alah" and "shebu'ah," are used interchangeably in the Old Testament (comp. Gen. xxiv. 8 and ......
  3. Oath More Judaico JE (JE | wp gwp g) Special form of oath, accompanied by certain ceremonies, which Jews were required to take in courts ......
  4. Obadiah (JE | wp gwp g) The name of thirteen different persons mentioned in the Bible. As vocalized in the Masoretic text, it means "worshiper of ......
  5. Book of Obadiah (JE | wp gwp g) This book, which bears the title "The Vision of Obadiah," consists of but twenty-one verses, which are devoted to a ......
  6. Obadiah ("Herald of the Messiah") (JE | wp gwp g) -- See I275: Isḥaḳ ben Ya'ḳub Obadiah
  7. Obadiah di Bertinoro (JE | wp gwp g) -- See B937: Bertinoro, Obadiah ben Abraham
  8. Obadiah ben David b. Obadiah (JE | wp gwp g) Commentator; born in 1325, according to Azulai ("Shem ha-Gedolim," i. 76); in 1341, according to Steinschneider ("Cat. Bodl." col. 2075, ......
  9. Obadiah ben Jacob Sforno (JE | wp gwp g) -- See O9: Sforno, Obadiah ben Jacob
  10. Obed (JE | wp gwp g) 1. Son of Boaz by Ruth, the daughter of Naomi. He was named, curiously enough, by Naomi's neighbors, and not ......
  11. Obed-Edom (JE | wp gwp g) A Gittite to whose house the Ark was taken when removed from that of Abinadab in Gibeah. It remained with ......
  12. Meïr Obornik (Obernik) (JE | wp gwp g) Biurist and one of the Me'assefim; born in 1764; died at Vienna Nov. 6, 1805. Obornik contributed to the "Meassef" ......
  13. Ocaña (JE | wp gwp g) Town of Castile which had a Jewish community at an early date. When the Jews, who had previously enjoyed full ......
  14. The Occident and American Jewish Advocate (JE | wp gwp g) Periodical published in Philadelphia by Isaac Leeser. It appeared first in April, 1843, and was continued as a monthly until ......
  15. Occupations (JE | wp gwp g) The ancient Hebrews were farmers, fishermen, artisans, etc., very seldom merchants. Solomon's endeavors to stimulate commerce among them bore no ......
  16. Samuel Oceda (JE | wp gwp g) -- See S159: Uceda, Samuel
  17. Ochlah We-Ochlah JE (JE | wp gwp g) -- See O45: Oklah We-Oklah
  18. Adolph Simon Ochs (JE | wp gwp g) American journalist and newspaper publisher and proprietor; born March 12, 1858, at Cincinnati; educated at the common schools of Knoxville, ......
  19. George Washington Ochs JE (JE | wp gwp g) American journalist; born in Cincinnati Oct. 20, 1861; brother of Adolph S. Ochs; educated at the University of Tennessee. Ochs ......
  20. Siegfried Ochs JE (JE | wp gwp g) German conductor and composer; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main April 19, 1858. He first studied medicine and chemistry at the Polytechnikum of ......

21 – 40[edit]

  1. Odeka (JE | wp gwp g) Initial word of Ps. cxviii. 21 (See Hallel), marking the point where the antiphony of alternate verses between two choirs ......
  2. Odenathus (JE | wp gwp g) -- See Z105: Zenobia
  3. Odessa (JE | wp gwp g) City on the northwestern shore of the Black Sea, forming with the adjoining region a separate district. It has been ......
  4. Oedenburg (Sopron) >> Jewish history of Sopron JE (JE | wp gwp g) Hungarian city, capital of the district of the same name. Its Jewish community, according to a document of 1526, dates ......
  5. Oels (JE | wp gwp g) NO DESCRIPTION...
  6. Oenomaus of Gadara (JE | wp gwp g) Pagan philosopher; lived during the reign of the emperor Hadrian (117-138); he belonged to the school of the younger Cynics. ......
  7. Oesterreichische Wochenschrift, Central-Organ für die Gesammten Interessen des Judentums (JE | wp gwp g) Austrian weekly, founded by Deputy Dr. Josef S. Bloch to combat Austrian anti-Semitism; published at Vienna every Friday since Oct. ......
  8. Oesterreichisch-Israelitsche Union (JE | wp gwp g) Austrian political society for the protection of Jewish interests, founded in 1884 on account of the victory of the anti-Semites ......
  9. Ofan (Ofannim) (JE | wp gwp g) Name by which is known that part of the morning prayer in which the praise of the Lord by the ......
  10. Ofen(Buda) (JE | wp gwp g) -- See B1561: Budapest
  11. Offenbach (JE | wp gwp g) Town in the province of Starkenburg in the grand duchy of Hesse. When Fettmilch caused the expulsion of the Jews ......
  12. Jacques Offenbach (JE | wp gwp g) Creator of French burlesque opera; born at Cologne June 21, 1819; died at Paris Oct. 5, 1880. He was a ......
  13. Solomon Tzebi Offenhausen (JE | wp gwp g) -- See B1445: Brenz, Samuel Friedrich
  14. Offering (JE | wp gwp g) -- See S35: Sacrifice
  15. Og (JE | wp gwp g) Amorite king of Bashan, who reigned in Ashtaroth and was conquered by Moses and Israel in the battle of Edrei ......
  16. Ohalot (JE | wp gwp g) Treatise in the Mishnah and the Tosefta dealing with defilement through a dead human body, through the dead body of ......
  17. Ohio >> History of the Jews in Ohio JE (JE | wp gwp g) One of the North-Central States of the United States of America; admitted to the Union in 1803. Jews did not ......
  18. Oholah (JE | wp gwp g) Symbolic names of two sisters mentioned in the twenty-third chapter of Ezekiel: Oholah, the taller sister, representing Samaria, as the ......
  19. Ohole Shem Association (JE | wp gwp g) Association founded in New York city Oct. 8, 1895, to promote and foster the study of Hebrew and other Semitic ......
  20. Oholiab (JE | wp gwp g) Son of Ahisamach of the tribe of Dan; contemporary of Moses. He was appointed by God ("and I, behold, I ......

41 – 60[edit]

  1. Oholibamah (JE | wp gwp g) Daughter of Anah, a descendant of Seir the Horite (Gen. xxxvi. 2, 21), and one of the three wives of ......
  2. Oil (JE | wp gwp g) In the Bible olive-oil alone is mentioned, although it may be inferred from the expression "shemen zayit" that other oils ......
  3. Ointment (JE | wp gwp g) See Anointment. ......
  4. Okbara and Okbarites (JE | wp gwp g) -- See M504: Meshwi al-'Ukbari
  5. Oklah We-Oklah JE (JE | wp gwp g) Old Masoretic work in which the notices and rules of the Masorah are collected; it consists of groups of rare ......
  6. Old Testament (JE | wp gwp g) -- See B1025: Bible Canon
  7. Oldenburg (JE | wp gwp g) Grand duchy of northern Germany. It includes nine Jewish communities, among which are Delmenhorst, Jever, Oldenburg, Varel, Vechta, and Wildeshausen. ......
  8. Laurence Oliphant (JE | wp gwp g) English traveler, author, and politician; born at Cape Town in 1829; died at Twickenham, England, Dec. 23, 1888. He traveled ......
  9. Olive (JE | wp gwp g) Evergreen tree, one of the most characteristic of Palestine. The term "zayit" is applied in the Old Testament only to ......
  10. Nicolas de Oliver y Fullana (JE | wp gwp g) -- See F446: Fullana, Nicolas de Oliver y
  11. Solomon de Oliveryra (JE | wp gwp g) Ḥakam and author; son of the Portuguese scholar David Israel de Oliveyra of Amsterdam; died May 23, 1708, at Amsterdam. ......
  12. Gustave Ollendorf (JE | wp gwp g) Art critic; born at Paris March 4, 1850; died at Saint-Cloud Sept. 19, 1891. Both Gustave and his brother Paul, ......
  13. Henri Ollendroff (JE | wp gwp g) French linguist; originator of the Ollendorff method of teaching modern languages; born at Rawicz, Posen, in 1802; died at Paris ......
  14. Jacob Daniel ben Abraham Olmo (JE | wp gwp g) Italian rabbi and poet; born at Ferrara about 1690; died there the first day of Pentecost, 1757. He studied Talmud ......
  15. Olmütz >> Olomouc Synagogue JE (JE | wp gwp g) City of Moravia in which Jews were living as early as the twelfth century (Maḥzor Vitry, p. 388, Berlin, 1899-1903). ......
  16. Jacob Solomon Olschwang (Levin) (JE | wp gwp g) Russian Hebraist; born at Kokhanovo, government of Moghilef, May 4, 1840; died at Yekaterinoslav Jan. 17, 1896. He was a ......
  17. Isaac Wolf Olschwanger (JE | wp gwp g) Russian rabbi; born at Plungian, government of Kovno, Aug. 30, 1825; died in St. Petersburg Aug. 5, 1896. He was ......
  18. Justus Olshausen (JE | wp gwp g) German Orientalist; born in Hohenfelde May 9, 1800; died at Berlin Dec. 22, 1882; educated at the universities of Kiel ......
  19. Omaha (JE | wp gwp g) -- See N153: Nebraska
  20. Omar I (Ibn Al-Khattab) (JE | wp gwp g) Second calif; succeeded Abu Bakr in 634 C.E.; assassinatedin 644. Omar I. was the great champion and organizer of Islam, ......

61 – 80[edit]

  1. Omen (JE | wp gwp g) Occurrence or incident regarded as fore-shadowing a favorable or unfavorable issue in a certain conjuncture. The belief in prognostic signs ......
  2. 'Omer (JE | wp gwp g) The Israelites were commanded after the conquest of Canaan to bring at harvest-time an 'omer of the first-fruits to the ......
  3. 'Omer (JE | wp gwp g) -- See W81: Weights and Measures
  4. Lag Be-'Omer (JE | wp gwp g) Thirty-third day in the period of the counting of the 'omer ("Lag" = V09p399002.jpg, the numerical value of which is ......
  5. Omnam Ken (JE | wp gwp g) A penitential hymn in the ritual for the eve of Atonement, according to the Polish rite. The author has been ......
  6. Omniscience of God (JE | wp gwp g) -- See G282: God
  7. Omri (JE | wp gwp g) The first king of the fourth dynasty of the Northern Kingdom of Israel (I Kings xvi. 16-28). He is first ......
  8. Omsk (JE | wp gwp g) -- See S678: Siberia
  9. On (JE | wp gwp g) -- See H563: Heliopolis
  10. Ona'ah (JE | wp gwp g) Term applied to the sale of an article at so much more, or to the purchase of an article at ......
  11. Onan (JE | wp gwp g) A son of Judah; he refused to enter into a levirate marriage with his sister-in-law after the death of his ......
  12. Abraham Samson Onderwijzer JE (JE | wp gwp g) Dutch rabbi; born at Muiden (near Amsterdam) July 24, 1863; studied at the theological seminary and the University of Amsterdam ......
  13. Onias JE >> Onias I JE, Onias II JE, Onias III JE, Onias IV JE (JE | wp gwp g) Name of several high priests at the time of the Second Temple. The sequence given them below is based on ......
  14. Onias (Choni) ha-Me'aggel (JE | wp gwp g) Teacher and miracle-worker; lived in the first century B.C. Tradition declares him to have been a descendant of Moses (Tan., ......
  15. Onkelos (JE | wp gwp g) Tanna of the end of the first century C.E. Although the proselyte Onḳelos is frequently confounded with the proselyte Aquila ......
  16. Isaac ben Samuel Onkeneira (JE | wp gwp g) Turkish Talmudist, poet, and polemical writer; flourished at Constantinople about the middle of the sixteenth century. He was a friend ......
  17. Samuel b. Eleazar Opatow (JE | wp gwp g) Rabbi of Prossnitz, Moravia, in the sixteenth century; born in Bohemia. He was the author of "Ḥiddushe V09p406001.jpg" (Prossnitz, 1602 ......
  18. Otto Opet (JE | wp gwp g) German legist; born in Berlin April 1, 1866. He was formerly privat-docent in Bern, Switzerland, and at present (1904) is ......
  19. Goldener Opferpfennig (JE | wp gwp g) Personal tax, for the benefit of the emperor, imposed upon the German Jews by Ludwig the Bavarian in 1342. The ......

81 – 100[edit]

  1. Ophel (JE | wp gwp g) -- See J242: Jerusalem
  2. Ophir (JE | wp gwp g) District first mentioned in the Old Testament as a Joktanite or south-Arabian tribe (Gen. x. 29 et seq.), and later ......
  3. Ophites JE (JE | wp gwp g) Collective name for several Gnostic sects which regarded the serpent (Greek, ὄφις; Hebrew, "naḥash"; hence called also Naasseni) as the ......
  4. Ophrah (JE | wp gwp g) A town in Benjamin (Josh. xviii. 23) situated, according to Eusebius, five miles northeast of Beth-el, and probably identical with ......
  5. Oppeln (JE | wp gwp g) City in Prussian Silesia. Although the first explicit reference to Jews at Oppeln belongs to the fourteenth century, and the ......
  6. Oppenheim (JE | wp gwp g) German town in the province of Rhein-Hessen. The earliest documents relating to Jews in Oppenheim date back to the thirteenth ......
  7. Oppenheim (JE | wp gwp g) German family, probably originating in the town of that name. Its best-known members are:Bernhard (Issachar Baer) Oppenheim: Austrian rabbi; born ......
  8. Abraham Oppenheim (JE | wp gwp g) German rabbi; born at Mannheim; died at Hanover Nov. 2, 1786; son of Löb Oppenheim. He was for many years ......
  9. Abraham Oppenheim (JE | wp gwp g) Communal leader; born at Worms; died at Heidelberg Dec. 2, 1692; son of Simon Wolf Oppenheim, brother of Samuel Oppenheim, ......
  10. Abraham Chayyim Oppenheim JE (JE | wp gwp g) Rabbi at Péczel, Hungary, where he died at the age of twenty-eight, before 1825. He was the author of "Har ......
  11. Asher Anshel Oppenheim (JE | wp gwp g) Talmudist; lived at Dessau at the beginning of the nineteenth century. He was the author of "Dibre Asher" (part i., ......
  12. David ben Abraham Oppenheim (JE | wp gwp g) Austrian rabbi, cabalist, liturgist, mathematician, and bibliophile; born at Worms 1664; died at Prague Sept. 12, 1736. After studying at ......
  13. Heinrich Bernhard Oppenheim (JE | wp gwp g) German jurist, economist, and deputy; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main July 20, 1819; died at Berlin March 29, 1880. He was the ......
  14. Hermann Oppenheim (JE | wp gwp g) German physician; born at Berlin Jan. 1, 1858. He studied medicine at the universities of Göttingen and Bonn, taking his ......
  15. Jacques Oppenheim (JE | wp gwp g) Dutch barrister; born at Gröningen March 3, 1849. Educated at the gymnasium and university of his native town, he was ......
  16. Leo Paul Oppenheim (JE | wp gwp g) German naturalist; born in Berlin May 28, 1863. After graduating from the Königliche Französische Gymnasium of that city in 1882, ......
  17. Lewis Oppenheim (JE | wp gwp g) English physician; born in London Dec., 1832; died there Jan. 7, 1895. He studied for the medical profession, entering as ......
  18. Moritz Daniel Oppenheim JE (JE | wp gwp g) German genre- and portrait-painter; born of Orthodox parents at Hanau in 1801; died at Frankfort-on-the-Main Feb. 26, 1882. He received ......
  19. Morris Simeon Oppenheim (JE | wp gwp g) English lawyer; born in London 1824; died there Jan. 3, 1883; son of Simeon Oppenheim, secretary of the Great Synagogue. ......
  20. Simon ben David Oppenheim (JE | wp gwp g) Austrian plagiarist; born in Kromau, Moravia, 1753; died at Pest, where he was dayyan, Jan. 24, 1851. He seems to ......

101 to 200[edit]

101 – 120[edit]

  1. Charles Oppenheimer (JE | wp gwp g) British consul-general at Frankfort-on-the-Main; born at Nastätten, Nassau, 1836; died at Frankfort June 21, 1900. He received his education in ......
  2. Franz Oppenheimer (JE | wp gwp g) German physician and writer; born at Berlin March 30, 1864. His father, Julius Oppenheimer, is rabbi of the Berlin Reform ......
  3. Joseph Süss Oppenheimer (JE | wp gwp g) German financier; born at Heidelberg in 1698; executed at Stuttgart Feb. 4, 1738. He was the son of R. Issachar ......
  4. Samuel Oppenheimer (JE | wp gwp g) German banker, imperial court factor, and diplomat; born at Heidelberg about 1635; died at Vienna May 3, 1703. He enjoyed ......
  5. Frederick Burr Opper (JE | wp gwp g) American political caricaturist; born at Madison, Lake County, Ohio, Jan. 2, 1857. He attended school until fourteen years of age ......
  6. Ernst Jacob Oppert (JE | wp gwp g) German merchant and traveler; born at Hamburg Dec. 5, 1832; died Sept. 19, 1903; brother of Jules Oppert. He chose ......
  7. Gustav Solomon Oppert (JE | wp gwp g) German Orientalist; brother of Jules and Ernst Jacob Oppert; born at Hamburg July 30, 1836. He was educated at the ......
  8. Jules Oppert (JE | wp gwp g) French Orientalist; born at Hamburg, Germany, July 9, 1825; died in Paris, Aug. 19, 1905. He was educated at the ......
  9. Optimism and Pessimism (JE | wp gwp g) Philosophical and theological systems according to which this world and human life are considered as essentially good or essentially evil. ......
  10. Or Torah (JE | wp gwp g) -- See P199: Periodicals
  11. Orabuena (JE | wp gwp g) Spanish family; flourished in Navarre in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Many of its members were rabbis or tax-lessees. Another ......
  12. Orach Chayyim (JE | wp gwp g) See Caro, Joseph. ......
  13. Oral Law (JE | wp gwp g) Term used to denote the laws and statutes which, in addition to the Pentateuch, God gave to Moses. According to ......
  14. Orales (JE | wp gwp g) -- See B83: Badge
  15. Oran (JE | wp gwp g) Capital of the department which forms the western part of the French colony of Algeria; situated at the head of ......
  16. Orange (JE | wp gwp g) Chief town of the department of Vaucluse, France; until 1702 capital of the small independent principality of the same name. ......
  17. Ordeal (JE | wp gwp g) A form of judicial trial wherein supernatural aid was invoked in place of evidence; an appeal to the immediate judgment ......
  18. Ordinance (JE | wp gwp g) -- See T23: Taḳḳanah
  19. Ordination (JE | wp gwp g) Appointment and solemn public dedication to the office of judge and teacher of the Law and to all the functions ......
  20. Oregon (JE | wp gwp g) One of the Northwestern States of the United States of America; admitted into the Union in 1859.First Congregation.The first Jewish ......

121 – 140[edit]

  1. Oren (JE | wp gwp g) A word formed by the addition of the German infinitive suffix to the Latin "ora" (="pray"). which was very familiar ......
  2. Israel Orenstein JE (JE | wp gwp g) Russian novelist; born at Yampol, government of Podolia, 1831. At the age of twenty-one he went to Rumania, where he ......
  3. Orgaan van Nederland (JE | wp gwp g) -- See P199: Periodicals
  4. Organ (JE | wp gwp g) According to Jewish authorities, the organ was one of the instruments of music in the Temple. In the Authorized Version ......
  5. Orchot Tzaddikim JE (JE | wp gwp g) Book on ethics written in Germany in the fifteenth century, entitled "Sefer ha-Middot" by the author, but called "Orḥot Ẓaddiḳim" ......
  6. Oria (JE | wp gwp g) City of southern Italy, possessing one of the oldest Jewish communities in Europe. Ahimaaz ben Paltiel in his Chronicle represents ......
  7. Der Orient (JE | wp gwp g) German weekly, founded by Julius Fürst, and published in Leipsic from Jan. 4, 1840, to June, 1851. Among its collaborators ......
  8. Origen (JE | wp gwp g) Christian theologian; born in Alexandria about 185; died in Tyre about 254. Trained in the study of the Bible by ......
  9. Original Sin (JE | wp gwp g) -- See S812: Sin
  10. Orion (JE | wp gwp g) One of the constellations. The Septuagint translates "Kesil" in Isa. xiii. 10 and Job xxxviii. 31 by "Orion"; the Targum ......
  11. 'Orlah (JE | wp gwp g) Name of a treatise in the Mishnah, Tosefta, and Yerushalmi, devoted to a consideration of the law, found in Lev. ......
  12. Orleans (JE | wp gwp g) Chief city of the department of Loiret, France. Its Jewish community dates from the sixth century. The various councils which ......
  13. Ormuzd (JE | wp gwp g) -- See A2165: Avesta
  14. Ornament (JE | wp gwp g) The mention made in the Old Testament of numerous articles of adornment leads to the conclusion that in antiquity self-adornment ......
  15. Ornan (JE | wp gwp g) -- See A1713: Araunah
  16. Abraham Philip Ornstein (JE | wp gwp g) English rabbi; born in London 1836; died at Cape Town Dec. 6, 1895. He was at first a teacher in ......
  17. Jacob Meshullam Ornstein (JE | wp gwp g) Galician rabbinical authority; died at Lemberg 1839. He was the son of the Lemberg rabbi Mordecai Zeeb Ornstein. Jacob Meshullam ......
  18. Mordecai Zeeb Ornstein (JE | wp gwp g) Austrian rabbinic scholar; died at Lemberg Oct. 28, 1837; son of Jacob Meshullam Ornstein, rabbi of that city, by whom ......
  19. Tzebi Hirsch Ornstein (JE | wp gwp g) Austrian rabbi; born at Lemberg; died there March 21, 1888; son of Mordecai Zeeb Ornstein, and grandson of Jacob Meshullam ......
  20. Orobio de Castro (JE | wp gwp g) -- See C255: Castro, de, family

141 – 160[edit]

  1. Orpah (JE | wp gwp g) A Moabitess; daughter-in-law of Naomi, and wife of Mahlon. After the death of her husband, Orpah and her sister-in-law Ruth ......
  2. Orphan (JE | wp gwp g) A child bereft of one or both parents, more commonly the latter .—Biblical Data: The Authorized Version, in all cases ......
  3. Orsha (JE | wp gwp g) Town in the government of Moghilef. Orsha is mentioned in the Russian chronicles of the eleventh century. In 1579 Isaac ......
  4. Ilya Grigoryevich Orshanski (JE | wp gwp g) Russian jurist and author; born at Yekaterinoslav 1846; died there Sept. 5, 1875. He was descended from a family which ......
  5. Isaac Orshanski (JE | wp gwp g) Russian physician; born in Yekaterinoslav about 1851. His early education was confined to the study of the Old Testament and ......
  6. Baruch Oser (JE | wp gwp g) German ab bet din; born about 1743 at Prague; died 1822 at Hamburg. From 1783 to 1814 he was dayyan ......
  7. Leopold Oser (JE | wp gwp g) Austrian physician; born at Nikolsburg, Moravia, July 27, 1839; studied medicine at Vienna University, graduating and establishing himself as a ......
  8. Marco Osimo (JE | wp gwp g) Italian physician; born at Montagnana in 1818; died at Padua May 1, 1881. He received his degree in medicine at ......
  9. Daniel Osiris (JE | wp gwp g) French philanthropist and art patron; born at Bordeaux July 23, 1825. For more than half a century a close friend ......
  10. Justinus Oskar (JE | wp gwp g) -- See C652: Cohn, Oskar Justinus
  11. Osnabrück (JE | wp gwp g) Capital of the district of the same name in the province of Hanover, Prussia. A Jew named Jacob is mentioned ......
  12. Osnapper (JE | wp gwp g) -- See A2021: Asnapper
  13. Osprey (JE | wp gwp g) Rendering in the English versions of the Hebrew "'ozniyyah" in the list of unclean birds in Lev. xi. 13 and ......
  14. Ossifrage (JE | wp gwp g) An unclean bird, mentioned in Lev. xi. 13 and Deut. xiv. 12; the Gypaetus barbatus, commonly known as the lammergeier ......
  15. Max Osterberg (JE | wp gwp g) American electrical engineer; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main June 12, 1869. He accompanied his parents to America (New York) in 1884, where ......
  16. Josephmanes Österreicher JE (JE | wp gwp g) Hungarian physician; born at Alt-Ofen 1756; died at Vienna Dec. 14, 1831. He studied medicine, but could not practise until ......
  17. Ostrau (JE | wp gwp g) -- See M74: MÄhrish-Ostrau
  18. Ostrich (JE | wp gwp g) The Hebrew term for this bird occurring most frequently in the Bible is "bat ha-ya 'anah"; the plural form "ye'enim" ......
  19. Ostrog (JE | wp gwp g) Russian city in the government of Volhynia. A Jewish community was probably founded at Ostrog toward the end of the ......
  20. Moisei Yakovlevich Ostrogorski (JE | wp gwp g) Russian political economist and sociologist; born in the year 1854. He is the son of a Jewish teacher at Grodno ......

161 – 180[edit]

  1. Samson ben Pesah Ostropoli JE (JE | wp gwp g) Polish rabbi; martyred at Polonnoye, government of Podolia, in the Cossacks' Uprising July 15, 1648. When the Cossacks laid siege ......
  2. Ostrowo (JE | wp gwp g) -- See P467: Posen
  3. Othniel (JE | wp gwp g) One of the sons of Kenaz, according to the chronicler (I Chron. iv. 13); hence one of the Kenizzites. After ......
  4. Ottiyot de-Rabbi Akiba (JE | wp gwp g) -- See A1034: Akiba ben Joseph, Alphabet of
  5. Ottranto (JE | wp gwp g) City of southern Italy. It was one of the oldest seats of Jewish learning in Europe, so that at an ......
  6. Henriette Ottenheimer (JE | wp gwp g) German poetess; born at Stuttgart Sept. 10, 1807; died there 1883. A faithful Jewess, she was filled with the desire, ......
  7. David Ottensooser (JE | wp gwp g) German author; born 1784; died May 22, 1858, at Fürth. An infant prodigy, he was an omnivorous reader from early ......
  8. Lazarus Ottensoser (JE | wp gwp g) German rabbi; born at Weimarsschmieden in 1798; died at Hochstädt Aug., 1878; son of the "Cultusbeamte" Naphtali Ottensoser of Weimarsschmieden, ......
  9. Öttingen (JE | wp gwp g) Former principality and county of Germany, covering about 100 square kilometers. It belonged to the two houses of Öttingen-Spielberg and ......
  10. Elijah b. Abraham b. Mordecai ha-Levi Öttingen (JE | wp gwp g) Rabbi at Wengrow, Poland, in the first half of the seventeenth century. His first work, "Berit ha-Lewi" (Lublin, 1645), is ......
  11. Öttinger (JE | wp gwp g) -- See E509: Ettinger
  12. Eduard Maria Öttinger (JE | wp gwp g) German writer; born at Breslau Nov. 19, 1808; died at Blasewitz, near Dresden, June 26, 1872. In 1828 he became ......
  13. Jacob Joseph Öttinger (JE | wp gwp g) German rabbi; born at Glogau 1780; died at Berlin Nov. 7, 1860. A pupil of Hirsch Samose, he acquired a ......
  14. Joseph Öttinger (JE | wp gwp g) Austrian physician; born at Tarnow, Galicia, May 7, 1818; died at Cracow Oct. 2, 1895. He was educated at the ......
  15. Julius Conrad Otto (JE | wp gwp g) -- See M186: Margolioth
  16. Abraham Azariah (Bonajut) Ottolenghi (JE | wp gwp g) Italian rabbi; born at Acqui 1776; died in 1851; brother of Israel Emanuel Ottolenghi. On the occasion of the entrance ......
  17. Donato Ottolenghi (JE | wp gwp g) Italian author; born at Acqui Nov. 7, 1820; died Oct. 5, 1883, at Alessandria, Piedmont, where he had resided since ......
  18. Emilio Ottolenghi (Count of Vallepiana) (JE | wp gwp g) Italian philanthropist; born at Acqui Nov. 5, 1830; since 1848 he has been a resident of Alessandria, Piedmont. In 1882 ......
  19. Giuseppe Ottolenghi (JE | wp gwp g) Italian general; born at Sabbionetta, Lombardy, Dec. 26, 1838; died at Turin Nov. 2, 1904. He began the study of ......
  20. Lazzaro Ottolenghi (JE | wp gwp g) Italian rabbi; born at Acqui 1820; died in Rome 1890. He occupied successively the rabbinates of Turin, Moncalvo, and (1858) ......

181 – 200[edit]

  1. Leonetto Ottolenghi (JE | wp gwp g) Italian philanthropist; born at Asti Nov. 3, 1829; died at Pisa Feb. 20, 1904. In 1889 he rebuilt the Jewish ......
  2. Salvatore Ottolenghi (JE | wp gwp g) Italian physician; born at Asti March 20, 1861. He received his education at his native town and at the University ......
  3. Joseph Ottolengo (JE | wp gwp g) Italian scholar of the sixteenth century; died about 1570. He was a German by birth, but went from Ettlingen to ......
  4. Samuel David ben Jehiel Ottolengo (JE | wp gwp g) Italian rabbi of the cabalistic school; flourished in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; born at Casale Monferrato; died 25th of Ab, ......
  5. Charles Narcisse Oulif (JE | wp gwp g) French lawyer; born at Metz July, 1794; died in Paris March 3, 1867; educated at the Imperial Lyceum of Metz ......
  6. Leopold Óváry JE (JE | wp gwp g) Hungarian historian; custodian of the Hungarian state archives; born at Veszprim Dec. 31, 1833. He took part in the Hungarian ......
  7. Oven (JE | wp gwp g) Stoves built into a room for the purpose of heating it have always been unknown in the East. The substitute ......
  8. Overreaching (JE | wp gwp g) -- See O70: Ona'ah
  9. Ovruch (Ovrutch) (JE | wp gwp g) District town in Volhynia. In 1629 only three houses there were owned by Jews; but a fairly large Jewish community ......
  10. Owl (JE | wp gwp g) Rendering in the English versions of the following Hebrew words: "kos" (Lev. xi. 17; A. V. "little owl"); "yanshuf" (ib.; ......
  11. The Owl (JE | wp gwp g) -- See P199: Periodicals
  12. Ownership (JE | wp gwp g) -- See P552: Property
  13. Ox (JE | wp gwp g) Among the agricultural Semites the ox or bull had a sacred character. Thus in Sabea it was sacred to Athtar ......
  14. Oxford (JE | wp gwp g) County town of Oxfordshire, England. According to Anthony à Wood, Jews settled there almost immediately after the Conquest. They located ......
  15. Otzar Ha-Chokmah Weha-Madda' (JE | wp gwp g) -- See P199: Periodicals
  16. Otzar Nechmad (JE | wp gwp g) Hebrew annual founded and published at Vienna by Ignatz Blumenthal of Brody, Galicia, in 1836. Only four volumes appeared, in ......
  17. Otzar Ha-Sifrut (JE | wp gwp g) Hebrew annual devoted to Jewish literature, science, poetry, and belles-lettres; founded by Isaac Shaltiel Gräber at Yaroslav, Galicia, in 1887. ......
  18. 'Ozer ben Meïr (JE | wp gwp g) Polish rabbi; died at Zolkiev May, 1710; great-grandson of Solomon Luria. 'Ozer was rabbi at Clementow. He wrote: "Eben 'Ozer ......
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