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1 to 100[edit]

1 – 20[edit]

  1. Oak and Terebinth (JE | WP GWP G

) The Hebrew terms calling for consideration here are: "elah" (Gen. xxxv. 4; Judges vi. 11, 19, and elsewhere); "el" (only ......

  1. Oath (JE | WP GWP G

) The Hebrew terms for "oath," "alah" and "shebu'ah," are used interchangeably in the Old Testament (comp. Gen. xxiv. 8 and ......

  1. Oath More Judaico JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Special form of oath, accompanied by certain ceremonies, which Jews were required to take in courts ......

  1. Obadiah (JE | WP GWP G

) The name of thirteen different persons mentioned in the Bible. As vocalized in the Masoretic text, it means "worshiper of ......

  1. Book of Obadiah (JE | WP GWP G

) This book, which bears the title "The Vision of Obadiah," consists of but twenty-one verses, which are devoted to a ......

  1. Obadiah ("Herald of the Messiah") (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See I275: Isḥaḳ ben Ya'ḳub Obadiah

  1. Obadiah di Bertinoro (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B937: Bertinoro, Obadiah ben Abraham

  1. Obadiah ben David b. Obadiah (JE | WP GWP G

) Commentator; born in 1325, according to Azulai ("Shem ha-Gedolim," i. 76); in 1341, according to Steinschneider ("Cat. Bodl." col. 2075, ......

  1. Obadiah ben Jacob Sforno (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See O9: Sforno, Obadiah ben Jacob

  1. Obed (JE | WP GWP G

) 1. Son of Boaz by Ruth, the daughter of Naomi. He was named, curiously enough, by Naomi's neighbors, and not ......

  1. Obed-Edom (JE | WP GWP G

) A Gittite to whose house the Ark was taken when removed from that of Abinadab in Gibeah. It remained with ......

  1. Meïr Obornik (Obernik) (JE | WP GWP G

) Biurist and one of the Me'assefim; born in 1764; died at Vienna Nov. 6, 1805. Obornik contributed to the "Meassef" ......

  1. Ocaña (JE | WP GWP G

) Town of Castile which had a Jewish community at an early date. When the Jews, who had previously enjoyed full ......

  1. The Occident and American Jewish Advocate (JE | WP GWP G

) Periodical published in Philadelphia by Isaac Leeser. It appeared first in April, 1843, and was continued as a monthly until ......

  1. Occupations (JE | WP GWP G

) The ancient Hebrews were farmers, fishermen, artisans, etc., very seldom merchants. Solomon's endeavors to stimulate commerce among them bore no ......

  1. Samuel Oceda (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S159: Uceda, Samuel

  1. Ochlah We-Ochlah JE (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See O45: Oklah We-Oklah

  1. Adolph Simon Ochs (JE | WP GWP G

) American journalist and newspaper publisher and proprietor; born March 12, 1858, at Cincinnati; educated at the common schools of Knoxville, ......

  1. George Washington Ochs JE (JE | WP GWP G

) American journalist; born in Cincinnati Oct. 20, 1861; brother of Adolph S. Ochs; educated at the University of Tennessee. Ochs ......

  1. Siegfried Ochs JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German conductor and composer; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main April 19, 1858. He first studied medicine and chemistry at the Polytechnikum of ......

21 – 40[edit]

  1. Odeka (JE | WP GWP G

) Initial word of Ps. cxviii. 21 (See Hallel), marking the point where the antiphony of alternate verses between two choirs ......

  1. Odenathus (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See Z105: Zenobia

  1. Odessa (JE | WP GWP G

) City on the northwestern shore of the Black Sea, forming with the adjoining region a separate district. It has been ......

  1. Oedenburg (Sopron) >> Jewish history of Sopron JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian city, capital of the district of the same name. Its Jewish community, according to a document of 1526, dates ......

  1. Oels (JE | WP GWP G

) NO DESCRIPTION...

  1. Oenomaus of Gadara (JE | WP GWP G

) Pagan philosopher; lived during the reign of the emperor Hadrian (117-138); he belonged to the school of the younger Cynics. ......

  1. Oesterreichische Wochenschrift, Central-Organ für die Gesammten Interessen des Judentums (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian weekly, founded by Deputy Dr. Josef S. Bloch to combat Austrian anti-Semitism; published at Vienna every Friday since Oct. ......

  1. Oesterreichisch-Israelitsche Union (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian political society for the protection of Jewish interests, founded in 1884 on account of the victory of the anti-Semites ......

  1. Ofan (Ofannim) (JE | WP GWP G

) Name by which is known that part of the morning prayer in which the praise of the Lord by the ......

  1. Ofen(Buda) (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B1561: Budapest

  1. Offenbach (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the province of Starkenburg in the grand duchy of Hesse. When Fettmilch caused the expulsion of the Jews ......

  1. Jacques Offenbach (JE | WP GWP G

) Creator of French burlesque opera; born at Cologne June 21, 1819; died at Paris Oct. 5, 1880. He was a ......

  1. Solomon Tzebi Offenhausen (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B1445: Brenz, Samuel Friedrich

  1. Offering (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S35: Sacrifice

  1. Og (JE | WP GWP G

) Amorite king of Bashan, who reigned in Ashtaroth and was conquered by Moses and Israel in the battle of Edrei ......

  1. Ohalot (JE | WP GWP G

) Treatise in the Mishnah and the Tosefta dealing with defilement through a dead human body, through the dead body of ......

  1. Ohio >> History of the Jews in Ohio JE (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the North-Central States of the United States of America; admitted to the Union in 1803. Jews did not ......

  1. Oholah (JE | WP GWP G

) Symbolic names of two sisters mentioned in the twenty-third chapter of Ezekiel: Oholah, the taller sister, representing Samaria, as the ......

  1. Ohole Shem Association (JE | WP GWP G

) Association founded in New York city Oct. 8, 1895, to promote and foster the study of Hebrew and other Semitic ......

  1. Oholiab (JE | WP GWP G

) Son of Ahisamach of the tribe of Dan; contemporary of Moses. He was appointed by God ("and I, behold, I ......

41 – 60[edit]

  1. Oholibamah (JE | WP GWP G

) Daughter of Anah, a descendant of Seir the Horite (Gen. xxxvi. 2, 21), and one of the three wives of ......

  1. Oil (JE | WP GWP G

) In the Bible olive-oil alone is mentioned, although it may be inferred from the expression "shemen zayit" that other oils ......

  1. Ointment (JE | WP GWP G

) See Anointment. ......

  1. Okbara and Okbarites (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See M504: Meshwi al-'Ukbari

  1. Oklah We-Oklah JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Old Masoretic work in which the notices and rules of the Masorah are collected; it consists of groups of rare ......

  1. Old Testament (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B1025: Bible Canon

  1. Oldenburg (JE | WP GWP G

) Grand duchy of northern Germany. It includes nine Jewish communities, among which are Delmenhorst, Jever, Oldenburg, Varel, Vechta, and Wildeshausen. ......

  1. Laurence Oliphant (JE | WP GWP G

) English traveler, author, and politician; born at Cape Town in 1829; died at Twickenham, England, Dec. 23, 1888. He traveled ......

  1. Olive (JE | WP GWP G

) Evergreen tree, one of the most characteristic of Palestine. The term "zayit" is applied in the Old Testament only to ......

  1. Nicolas de Oliver y Fullana (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See F446: Fullana, Nicolas de Oliver y

  1. Solomon de Oliveryra (JE | WP GWP G

) Ḥakam and author; son of the Portuguese scholar David Israel de Oliveyra of Amsterdam; died May 23, 1708, at Amsterdam. ......

  1. Gustave Ollendorf (JE | WP GWP G

) Art critic; born at Paris March 4, 1850; died at Saint-Cloud Sept. 19, 1891. Both Gustave and his brother Paul, ......

  1. Henri Ollendroff (JE | WP GWP G

) French linguist; originator of the Ollendorff method of teaching modern languages; born at Rawicz, Posen, in 1802; died at Paris ......

  1. Jacob Daniel ben Abraham Olmo (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian rabbi and poet; born at Ferrara about 1690; died there the first day of Pentecost, 1757. He studied Talmud ......

  1. Olmütz >> Olomouc Synagogue JE (JE | WP GWP G

) City of Moravia in which Jews were living as early as the twelfth century (Maḥzor Vitry, p. 388, Berlin, 1899-1903). ......

  1. Jacob Solomon Olschwang (Levin) (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian Hebraist; born at Kokhanovo, government of Moghilef, May 4, 1840; died at Yekaterinoslav Jan. 17, 1896. He was a ......

  1. Isaac Wolf Olschwanger (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian rabbi; born at Plungian, government of Kovno, Aug. 30, 1825; died in St. Petersburg Aug. 5, 1896. He was ......

  1. Justus Olshausen (JE | WP GWP G

) German Orientalist; born in Hohenfelde May 9, 1800; died at Berlin Dec. 22, 1882; educated at the universities of Kiel ......

  1. Omaha (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See N153: Nebraska

  1. Omar I (Ibn Al-Khattab) (JE | WP GWP G

) Second calif; succeeded Abu Bakr in 634 C.E.; assassinatedin 644. Omar I. was the great champion and organizer of Islam, ......

61 – 80[edit]

  1. Omen (JE | WP GWP G

) Occurrence or incident regarded as fore-shadowing a favorable or unfavorable issue in a certain conjuncture. The belief in prognostic signs ......

  1. 'Omer (JE | WP GWP G

) The Israelites were commanded after the conquest of Canaan to bring at harvest-time an 'omer of the first-fruits to the ......

  1. 'Omer (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See W81: Weights and Measures

  1. Lag Be-'Omer (JE | WP GWP G

) Thirty-third day in the period of the counting of the 'omer ("Lag" = V09p399002.jpg, the numerical value of which is ......

  1. Omnam Ken (JE | WP GWP G

) A penitential hymn in the ritual for the eve of Atonement, according to the Polish rite. The author has been ......

  1. Omniscience of God (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See G282: God

  1. Omri (JE | WP GWP G

) The first king of the fourth dynasty of the Northern Kingdom of Israel (I Kings xvi. 16-28). He is first ......

  1. Omsk (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S678: Siberia

  1. On (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H563: Heliopolis

  1. Ona'ah (JE | WP GWP G

) Term applied to the sale of an article at so much more, or to the purchase of an article at ......

  1. Onan (JE | WP GWP G

) A son of Judah; he refused to enter into a levirate marriage with his sister-in-law after the death of his ......

  1. Abraham Samson Onderwijzer JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Dutch rabbi; born at Muiden (near Amsterdam) July 24, 1863; studied at the theological seminary and the University of Amsterdam ......

  1. Onias JE >> Onias I JE, Onias II JE, Onias III JE, Onias IV JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of several high priests at the time of the Second Temple. The sequence given them below is based on ......

  1. Onias (Choni) ha-Me'aggel (JE | WP GWP G

) Teacher and miracle-worker; lived in the first century B.C. Tradition declares him to have been a descendant of Moses (Tan., ......

  1. Onkelos (JE | WP GWP G

) Tanna of the end of the first century C.E. Although the proselyte Onḳelos is frequently confounded with the proselyte Aquila ......

  1. Isaac ben Samuel Onkeneira (JE | WP GWP G

) Turkish Talmudist, poet, and polemical writer; flourished at Constantinople about the middle of the sixteenth century. He was a friend ......

  1. Samuel b. Eleazar Opatow (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi of Prossnitz, Moravia, in the sixteenth century; born in Bohemia. He was the author of "Ḥiddushe V09p406001.jpg" (Prossnitz, 1602 ......

  1. Otto Opet (JE | WP GWP G

) German legist; born in Berlin April 1, 1866. He was formerly privat-docent in Bern, Switzerland, and at present (1904) is ......

  1. Goldener Opferpfennig (JE | WP GWP G

) Personal tax, for the benefit of the emperor, imposed upon the German Jews by Ludwig the Bavarian in 1342. The ......

81 – 100[edit]

  1. Ophel (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J242: Jerusalem

  1. Ophir (JE | WP GWP G

) District first mentioned in the Old Testament as a Joktanite or south-Arabian tribe (Gen. x. 29 et seq.), and later ......

  1. Ophites JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Collective name for several Gnostic sects which regarded the serpent (Greek, ὄφις; Hebrew, "naḥash"; hence called also Naasseni) as the ......

  1. Ophrah (JE | WP GWP G

) A town in Benjamin (Josh. xviii. 23) situated, according to Eusebius, five miles northeast of Beth-el, and probably identical with ......

  1. Oppeln (JE | WP GWP G

) City in Prussian Silesia. Although the first explicit reference to Jews at Oppeln belongs to the fourteenth century, and the ......

  1. Oppenheim (JE | WP GWP G

) German town in the province of Rhein-Hessen. The earliest documents relating to Jews in Oppenheim date back to the thirteenth ......

  1. Oppenheim (JE | WP GWP G

) German family, probably originating in the town of that name. Its best-known members are:Bernhard (Issachar Baer) Oppenheim: Austrian rabbi; born ......

  1. Abraham Oppenheim (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; born at Mannheim; died at Hanover Nov. 2, 1786; son of Löb Oppenheim. He was for many years ......

  1. Abraham Oppenheim (JE | WP GWP G

) Communal leader; born at Worms; died at Heidelberg Dec. 2, 1692; son of Simon Wolf Oppenheim, brother of Samuel Oppenheim, ......

  1. Abraham Chayyim Oppenheim JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi at Péczel, Hungary, where he died at the age of twenty-eight, before 1825. He was the author of "Har ......

  1. Asher Anshel Oppenheim (JE | WP GWP G

) Talmudist; lived at Dessau at the beginning of the nineteenth century. He was the author of "Dibre Asher" (part i., ......

  1. David ben Abraham Oppenheim (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian rabbi, cabalist, liturgist, mathematician, and bibliophile; born at Worms 1664; died at Prague Sept. 12, 1736. After studying at ......

  1. Heinrich Bernhard Oppenheim (JE | WP GWP G

) German jurist, economist, and deputy; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main July 20, 1819; died at Berlin March 29, 1880. He was the ......

  1. Hermann Oppenheim (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician; born at Berlin Jan. 1, 1858. He studied medicine at the universities of Göttingen and Bonn, taking his ......

  1. Jacques Oppenheim (JE | WP GWP G

) Dutch barrister; born at Gröningen March 3, 1849. Educated at the gymnasium and university of his native town, he was ......

  1. Leo Paul Oppenheim (JE | WP GWP G

) German naturalist; born in Berlin May 28, 1863. After graduating from the Königliche Französische Gymnasium of that city in 1882, ......

  1. Lewis Oppenheim (JE | WP GWP G

) English physician; born in London Dec., 1832; died there Jan. 7, 1895. He studied for the medical profession, entering as ......

  1. Moritz Daniel Oppenheim JE (JE | WP GWP G

) German genre- and portrait-painter; born of Orthodox parents at Hanau in 1801; died at Frankfort-on-the-Main Feb. 26, 1882. He received ......

  1. Morris Simeon Oppenheim (JE | WP GWP G

) English lawyer; born in London 1824; died there Jan. 3, 1883; son of Simeon Oppenheim, secretary of the Great Synagogue. ......

  1. Simon ben David Oppenheim (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian plagiarist; born in Kromau, Moravia, 1753; died at Pest, where he was dayyan, Jan. 24, 1851. He seems to ......

101 to 200[edit]

101 – 120[edit]

  1. Charles Oppenheimer (JE | WP GWP G

) British consul-general at Frankfort-on-the-Main; born at Nastätten, Nassau, 1836; died at Frankfort June 21, 1900. He received his education in ......

  1. Franz Oppenheimer (JE | WP GWP G

) German physician and writer; born at Berlin March 30, 1864. His father, Julius Oppenheimer, is rabbi of the Berlin Reform ......

  1. Joseph Süss Oppenheimer (JE | WP GWP G

) German financier; born at Heidelberg in 1698; executed at Stuttgart Feb. 4, 1738. He was the son of R. Issachar ......

  1. Samuel Oppenheimer (JE | WP GWP G

) German banker, imperial court factor, and diplomat; born at Heidelberg about 1635; died at Vienna May 3, 1703. He enjoyed ......

  1. Frederick Burr Opper (JE | WP GWP G

) American political caricaturist; born at Madison, Lake County, Ohio, Jan. 2, 1857. He attended school until fourteen years of age ......

  1. Ernst Jacob Oppert (JE | WP GWP G

) German merchant and traveler; born at Hamburg Dec. 5, 1832; died Sept. 19, 1903; brother of Jules Oppert. He chose ......

  1. Gustav Solomon Oppert (JE | WP GWP G

) German Orientalist; brother of Jules and Ernst Jacob Oppert; born at Hamburg July 30, 1836. He was educated at the ......

  1. Jules Oppert (JE | WP GWP G

) French Orientalist; born at Hamburg, Germany, July 9, 1825; died in Paris, Aug. 19, 1905. He was educated at the ......

  1. Optimism and Pessimism (JE | WP GWP G

) Philosophical and theological systems according to which this world and human life are considered as essentially good or essentially evil. ......

  1. Or Torah (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Orabuena (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish family; flourished in Navarre in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Many of its members were rabbis or tax-lessees. Another ......

  1. Orach Chayyim (JE | WP GWP G

) See Caro, Joseph. ......

  1. Oral Law (JE | WP GWP G

) Term used to denote the laws and statutes which, in addition to the Pentateuch, God gave to Moses. According to ......

  1. Orales (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B83: Badge

  1. Oran (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of the department which forms the western part of the French colony of Algeria; situated at the head of ......

  1. Orange (JE | WP GWP G

) Chief town of the department of Vaucluse, France; until 1702 capital of the small independent principality of the same name. ......

  1. Ordeal (JE | WP GWP G

) A form of judicial trial wherein supernatural aid was invoked in place of evidence; an appeal to the immediate judgment ......

  1. Ordinance (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See T23: Taḳḳanah

  1. Ordination (JE | WP GWP G

) Appointment and solemn public dedication to the office of judge and teacher of the Law and to all the functions ......

  1. Oregon (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the Northwestern States of the United States of America; admitted into the Union in 1859.First Congregation.The first Jewish ......

121 – 140[edit]

  1. Oren (JE | WP GWP G

) A word formed by the addition of the German infinitive suffix to the Latin "ora" (="pray"). which was very familiar ......

  1. Israel Orenstein JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian novelist; born at Yampol, government of Podolia, 1831. At the age of twenty-one he went to Rumania, where he ......

  1. Orgaan van Nederland (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Organ (JE | WP GWP G

) According to Jewish authorities, the organ was one of the instruments of music in the Temple. In the Authorized Version ......

  1. Orchot Tzaddikim JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Book on ethics written in Germany in the fifteenth century, entitled "Sefer ha-Middot" by the author, but called "Orḥot Ẓaddiḳim" ......

  1. Oria (JE | WP GWP G

) City of southern Italy, possessing one of the oldest Jewish communities in Europe. Ahimaaz ben Paltiel in his Chronicle represents ......

  1. Der Orient (JE | WP GWP G

) German weekly, founded by Julius Fürst, and published in Leipsic from Jan. 4, 1840, to June, 1851. Among its collaborators ......

  1. Origen (JE | WP GWP G

) Christian theologian; born in Alexandria about 185; died in Tyre about 254. Trained in the study of the Bible by ......

  1. Original Sin (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S812: Sin

  1. Orion (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the constellations. The Septuagint translates "Kesil" in Isa. xiii. 10 and Job xxxviii. 31 by "Orion"; the Targum ......

  1. 'Orlah (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of a treatise in the Mishnah, Tosefta, and Yerushalmi, devoted to a consideration of the law, found in Lev. ......

  1. Orleans (JE | WP GWP G

) Chief city of the department of Loiret, France. Its Jewish community dates from the sixth century. The various councils which ......

  1. Ormuzd (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A2165: Avesta

  1. Ornament (JE | WP GWP G

) The mention made in the Old Testament of numerous articles of adornment leads to the conclusion that in antiquity self-adornment ......

  1. Ornan (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A1713: Araunah

  1. Abraham Philip Ornstein (JE | WP GWP G

) English rabbi; born in London 1836; died at Cape Town Dec. 6, 1895. He was at first a teacher in ......

  1. Jacob Meshullam Ornstein (JE | WP GWP G

) Galician rabbinical authority; died at Lemberg 1839. He was the son of the Lemberg rabbi Mordecai Zeeb Ornstein. Jacob Meshullam ......

  1. Mordecai Zeeb Ornstein (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian rabbinic scholar; died at Lemberg Oct. 28, 1837; son of Jacob Meshullam Ornstein, rabbi of that city, by whom ......

  1. Tzebi Hirsch Ornstein (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian rabbi; born at Lemberg; died there March 21, 1888; son of Mordecai Zeeb Ornstein, and grandson of Jacob Meshullam ......

  1. Orobio de Castro (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C255: Castro, de, family

141 – 160[edit]

  1. Orpah (JE | WP GWP G

) A Moabitess; daughter-in-law of Naomi, and wife of Mahlon. After the death of her husband, Orpah and her sister-in-law Ruth ......

  1. Orphan (JE | WP GWP G

) A child bereft of one or both parents, more commonly the latter .—Biblical Data: The Authorized Version, in all cases ......

  1. Orsha (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the government of Moghilef. Orsha is mentioned in the Russian chronicles of the eleventh century. In 1579 Isaac ......

  1. Ilya Grigoryevich Orshanski (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian jurist and author; born at Yekaterinoslav 1846; died there Sept. 5, 1875. He was descended from a family which ......

  1. Isaac Orshanski (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian physician; born in Yekaterinoslav about 1851. His early education was confined to the study of the Old Testament and ......

  1. Baruch Oser (JE | WP GWP G

) German ab bet din; born about 1743 at Prague; died 1822 at Hamburg. From 1783 to 1814 he was dayyan ......

  1. Leopold Oser (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian physician; born at Nikolsburg, Moravia, July 27, 1839; studied medicine at Vienna University, graduating and establishing himself as a ......

  1. Marco Osimo (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian physician; born at Montagnana in 1818; died at Padua May 1, 1881. He received his degree in medicine at ......

  1. Daniel Osiris (JE | WP GWP G

) French philanthropist and art patron; born at Bordeaux July 23, 1825. For more than half a century a close friend ......

  1. Justinus Oskar (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C652: Cohn, Oskar Justinus

  1. Osnabrück (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of the district of the same name in the province of Hanover, Prussia. A Jew named Jacob is mentioned ......

  1. Osnapper (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A2021: Asnapper

  1. Osprey (JE | WP GWP G

) Rendering in the English versions of the Hebrew "'ozniyyah" in the list of unclean birds in Lev. xi. 13 and ......

  1. Ossifrage (JE | WP GWP G

) An unclean bird, mentioned in Lev. xi. 13 and Deut. xiv. 12; the Gypaetus barbatus, commonly known as the lammergeier ......

  1. Max Osterberg (JE | WP GWP G

) American electrical engineer; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main June 12, 1869. He accompanied his parents to America (New York) in 1884, where ......

  1. Josephmanes Österreicher JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian physician; born at Alt-Ofen 1756; died at Vienna Dec. 14, 1831. He studied medicine, but could not practise until ......

  1. Ostrau (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See M74: MÄhrish-Ostrau

  1. Ostrich (JE | WP GWP G

) The Hebrew term for this bird occurring most frequently in the Bible is "bat ha-ya 'anah"; the plural form "ye'enim" ......

  1. Ostrog (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian city in the government of Volhynia. A Jewish community was probably founded at Ostrog toward the end of the ......

  1. Moisei Yakovlevich Ostrogorski (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian political economist and sociologist; born in the year 1854. He is the son of a Jewish teacher at Grodno ......

161 – 180[edit]

  1. Samson ben Pesah Ostropoli JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish rabbi; martyred at Polonnoye, government of Podolia, in the Cossacks' Uprising July 15, 1648. When the Cossacks laid siege ......

  1. Ostrowo (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P467: Posen

  1. Othniel (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the sons of Kenaz, according to the chronicler (I Chron. iv. 13); hence one of the Kenizzites. After ......

  1. Ottiyot de-Rabbi Akiba (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A1034: Akiba ben Joseph, Alphabet of

  1. Ottranto (JE | WP GWP G

) City of southern Italy. It was one of the oldest seats of Jewish learning in Europe, so that at an ......

  1. Henriette Ottenheimer (JE | WP GWP G

) German poetess; born at Stuttgart Sept. 10, 1807; died there 1883. A faithful Jewess, she was filled with the desire, ......

  1. David Ottensooser (JE | WP GWP G

) German author; born 1784; died May 22, 1858, at Fürth. An infant prodigy, he was an omnivorous reader from early ......

  1. Lazarus Ottensoser (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; born at Weimarsschmieden in 1798; died at Hochstädt Aug., 1878; son of the "Cultusbeamte" Naphtali Ottensoser of Weimarsschmieden, ......

  1. Öttingen (JE | WP GWP G

) Former principality and county of Germany, covering about 100 square kilometers. It belonged to the two houses of Öttingen-Spielberg and ......

  1. Elijah b. Abraham b. Mordecai ha-Levi Öttingen (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi at Wengrow, Poland, in the first half of the seventeenth century. His first work, "Berit ha-Lewi" (Lublin, 1645), is ......

  1. Öttinger (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See E509: Ettinger

  1. Eduard Maria Öttinger (JE | WP GWP G

) German writer; born at Breslau Nov. 19, 1808; died at Blasewitz, near Dresden, June 26, 1872. In 1828 he became ......

  1. Jacob Joseph Öttinger (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi; born at Glogau 1780; died at Berlin Nov. 7, 1860. A pupil of Hirsch Samose, he acquired a ......

  1. Joseph Öttinger (JE | WP GWP G

) Austrian physician; born at Tarnow, Galicia, May 7, 1818; died at Cracow Oct. 2, 1895. He was educated at the ......

  1. Julius Conrad Otto (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See M186: Margolioth

  1. Abraham Azariah (Bonajut) Ottolenghi (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian rabbi; born at Acqui 1776; died in 1851; brother of Israel Emanuel Ottolenghi. On the occasion of the entrance ......

  1. Donato Ottolenghi (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian author; born at Acqui Nov. 7, 1820; died Oct. 5, 1883, at Alessandria, Piedmont, where he had resided since ......

  1. Emilio Ottolenghi (Count of Vallepiana) (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian philanthropist; born at Acqui Nov. 5, 1830; since 1848 he has been a resident of Alessandria, Piedmont. In 1882 ......

  1. Giuseppe Ottolenghi (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian general; born at Sabbionetta, Lombardy, Dec. 26, 1838; died at Turin Nov. 2, 1904. He began the study of ......

  1. Lazzaro Ottolenghi (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian rabbi; born at Acqui 1820; died in Rome 1890. He occupied successively the rabbinates of Turin, Moncalvo, and (1858) ......

181 – 200[edit]

  1. Leonetto Ottolenghi (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian philanthropist; born at Asti Nov. 3, 1829; died at Pisa Feb. 20, 1904. In 1889 he rebuilt the Jewish ......

  1. Salvatore Ottolenghi (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian physician; born at Asti March 20, 1861. He received his education at his native town and at the University ......

  1. Joseph Ottolengo (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian scholar of the sixteenth century; died about 1570. He was a German by birth, but went from Ettlingen to ......

  1. Samuel David ben Jehiel Ottolengo (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian rabbi of the cabalistic school; flourished in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; born at Casale Monferrato; died 25th of Ab, ......

  1. Charles Narcisse Oulif (JE | WP GWP G

) French lawyer; born at Metz July, 1794; died in Paris March 3, 1867; educated at the Imperial Lyceum of Metz ......

  1. Leopold Óváry JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian historian; custodian of the Hungarian state archives; born at Veszprim Dec. 31, 1833. He took part in the Hungarian ......

  1. Oven (JE | WP GWP G

) Stoves built into a room for the purpose of heating it have always been unknown in the East. The substitute ......

  1. Overreaching (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See O70: Ona'ah

  1. Ovruch (Ovrutch) (JE | WP GWP G

) District town in Volhynia. In 1629 only three houses there were owned by Jews; but a fairly large Jewish community ......

  1. Owl (JE | WP GWP G

) Rendering in the English versions of the following Hebrew words: "kos" (Lev. xi. 17; A. V. "little owl"); "yanshuf" (ib.; ......

  1. The Owl (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Ownership (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P552: Property

  1. Ox (JE | WP GWP G

) Among the agricultural Semites the ox or bull had a sacred character. Thus in Sabea it was sacred to Athtar ......

  1. Oxford (JE | WP GWP G

) County town of Oxfordshire, England. According to Anthony à Wood, Jews settled there almost immediately after the Conquest. They located ......

  1. Otzar Ha-Chokmah Weha-Madda' (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Otzar Nechmad (JE | WP GWP G

) Hebrew annual founded and published at Vienna by Ignatz Blumenthal of Brody, Galicia, in 1836. Only four volumes appeared, in ......

  1. Otzar Ha-Sifrut (JE | WP GWP G

) Hebrew annual devoted to Jewish literature, science, poetry, and belles-lettres; founded by Isaac Shaltiel Gräber at Yaroslav, Galicia, in 1887. ......

  1. 'Ozer ben Meïr (JE | WP GWP G

) Polish rabbi; died at Zolkiev May, 1710; great-grandson of Solomon Luria. 'Ozer was rabbi at Clementow. He wrote: "Eben 'Ozer ......

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