Wikipedia:Jewish Encyclopedia topics/T

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1 to 100[edit]

1 – 20[edit]

  1. Ta'amim (JE | wp gwp g) -- redirects to Cantillation
  2. Ta'anit S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Treatise in the Mishnah, Tosefta, and both Talmuds, devoted chiefly to the fast-days, the practises peculiar to them, and the ......
  3. Tabernacle S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) The portable tent-like structure that served the Israelites as a sanctuary during their wanderings in the wilderness and in the ......
  4. Feast of Tabernacles (JE | wp gwp g) Third of the great festivals on which all males were required to make pilgrimages to the Temple at Jerusalem. The ...... --redirects to Sukkot
  5. Tabi (JE | wp gwp g) Slave of Gamaliel II., known for his acquaintance with the Talmudic laws and for his piety; mentioned in several instances ...... -- links to an article about Japanese socks.
  6. Table (JE | wp gwp g) -- See F457: Furniture, Household
  7. Golden Table (JE | wp gwp g) -- See S662: Showbread
  8. Tables of the Law (JE | wp gwp g) Tablets containing the Ten Commandments.—Biblical Data: Moses, bidden to go up to God on the mountain to receive "tables of ......
  9. Tabor (JE | wp gwp g) Mountain of Palestine, the modern Jabal al-Ṭur, on the northern edge of the plain of Jezreel. It is a dome-shaped ......
  10. Robert Tábóri JE S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Hungarian author; born at Almas Nov. 10, 1855; educated at Baja, Budapest, and Vienna. He began his literary career in ......
  11. Tabyomi (JE | wp gwp g) Babylonian amora of the fifth century; died at the end of Yom Kippur, 468. He achieved a reputation as a ......
  12. Tachau (JE | wp gwp g) City in Bohemia, thirty-three miles west of Pilsen; seat of one of the oldest Jewish communities of the country, as ......
  13. Tacitus (JE | wp gwp g) -- links to a Roman emperor of some sort
  14. Tadmor (JE | wp gwp g) -- links to the ancient city of Palmyra
  15. Tadshe JE (JE | wp gwp g) -- redirects to Midrash Tadshe, move to page M2?
  16. Tagin S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Decorative "crowns" which are sometimes placed on the letters of the Hebrew alphabet. The taga is regularly composed of three ......
  17. Tachanun (Tahanun) S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Prayer for grace; said after the "'Amidah" of the morning ("sha?arit") and afternoon ("min?ah") prayers on week-days. It is so ......
  18. Taharah S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Ceremony of washing a dead body before burial. This rite is performed by the members ("mit'assekim") of the "?ebra ?addisha." ......
  19. Tachash (Tahash) S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) A word translated in the A. V. by "badger." Ta?ash-skins were used in making the outer covering of the tent ......
  20. Tachkemoni (Tahkemoni) (JE | wp gwp g) -- See A1227: Al-Ḥarizi, Judah

21 – 40[edit]

  1. Gedaliah ben Abraham Menahem Taikos (JE | wp gwp g) German scholar of the eighteenth century. Under the title "Be'er ha-Torah" he translated into German the Pentateuch, the Hafṭarot, and ......
  2. Taitazaq (Taitazak) JE >> Jacob ben Samuel Taitazak JE, Joseph ben Solomon Taitazak JE, Judah ben Solomon Taitazak JE, Samuel Taitazak JE (JE | wp gwp g) Name of a prominent Spanish family, several members of which distinguished themselves as Talmudic authorities. Various opinions have been expressed ......
  3. Taqqanah (Takkanah) JE (JE | wp gwp g) An enactment which (1) revises an ordinance that no longer satisfies the requirements of the times or circumstances, or which ......
  4. Tal (JE | wp gwp g) -- the Tefillat Tal?
  5. Tobias Tal (JE | wp gwp g) Dutch rabbi; born at Amsterdam 1847; died at The Hague Oct. 24, 1898; studied at Dünner's theological seminary (1862-74) and ......
  6. Daniel Rahamim Talkar (JE | wp gwp g) Beni-Israel soldier; enlisted in the 4th Rifles on April 1, 1842. He was made jemidar and native adjutant on Jan. ......
  7. Ezekiel Talkar (JE | wp gwp g) Beni-Israel soldier; born at Ahmedabad, India, in 1848; joined the 3d Regiment, Native Light Infantry, now called Bombay Rifles, on ......
  8. Tallage JE S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) A tax arbitrarily imposed upon a community, which was made collectively responsible for the entire sum. This tax was frequently ......
  9. Tallit S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Mantle with fringes (?i?it) at the four corners; a prayer-shawl worn over the garments, and used by men after marriage ......
  10. Tally (JE | wp gwp g) A piece of wood on which is written a deed of indebtedness, the sum due being indicated by notches along ......
  11. Talmid Chakam (Talmid Hakam) JE (JE | wp gwp g) Honorific title given to one well versed in the Law. Prizing knowledge, especially that of the Torah, above all worldly ......
  12. Talmud S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Name of two works which have been preserved to posterity as the product of the Palestinian and Babylonian schools during ......
  13. Talmud Commentaries (JE | wp gwp g) The commentaries on the Talmud constitute only a small part of halakic literature in comparison with the responsa literature and ......
  14. Talmud Hermenutics JE (JE | wp gwp g) The science which defines the rules and methods for the investigation and exact determination of the meaning of the Scriptures, ......
  15. Talmudic Law (JE | wp gwp g) The development of thousands of years is represented by the Jewish law asit is found in the Shulḥan 'Aruk, Ḥoshen ...... -- links to Talmud
  16. Talmud Torah JE S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Public free school for poor and orphaned boys, who are there given an elementary education in Hebrew, the Scriptures (especially ......
  17. Jacob Tam (JE | wp gwp g) -- links to Rabbeinu Tam; same person?
  18. Jacob b. David ibn Yachya Tam (Jacob b. David ibn Yahya Tam) (JE | wp gwp g) Portuguese-Turkish rabbi and physician; born in Portugal in the second half of the fifteenth century;died in Constantinople between 1534 and ......
  19. Taman (JE | wp gwp g) Peninsula between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azof; now included in the Russian province of Kuban. It contains ......
  20. Tamar (JE | wp gwp g) City mentioned in the vision of Ezekiel (Ezek. xlvii. 19) as one terminus of the southern boundary-line of Canaan, which ......

41 – 60[edit]

  1. Tamar (JE | wp gwp g) Daughter-in-law of Judah. After the death of her husband, Er, she married his brother Onan; but when he also died, ......
  2. Tamarisk (JE | wp gwp g) Tree, several species of which are found in and around Palestine. The Hebrew term for the tamarisk is doubtful. The ......
  3. Tamid (JE | wp gwp g) Treatise in the Mishnah and the Babylonian Gemara; devoted chiefly to the regulations regarding the morning and evening burnt offerings ......
  4. Tammuz (JE | wp gwp g) Babylonian deity supposed to be referred to in Ezek. viii. 14. He is regarded as the husband, or sometimes as ......
  5. Tammuz (JE | wp gwp g) Fourth ecclesiastical and tenth civil month of the Hebrew calendar. It consists of twenty-nine days, and corresponds to part of ......
  6. Abraham Tang (JE | wp gwp g) English author; flourished in London in the latter half of the eighteenth century. In 1773 he published a philosophic commentary ......
  7. Tangier (JE | wp gwp g) -- See M801: Morocco
  8. Tanchum b. Eliezer (Tanhum b. Eliezer) (JE | wp gwp g) Lithuanian rabbi and merchant; born 1746; died in Grodno Jan. 12, 1819. He was the son of R. Eliezer of ......
  9. Tanchum bar Chanilai (Tanhum bar Hanilai) (JE | wp gwp g) Palestinian amora of the third century, although his father's name suggests a Babylonian origin. He transmitted the sayings of Joshua ......
  10. Tanchum b. Chiyya (Tanhum b. Hiyya) (JE | wp gwp g) Palestinian amora of the third century; a pupil of Simeon b. Pazzi, whose sayings he transmits. In the Babylonian Talmud ......
  11. Tanchum bar Jeremiah (Tanhum bar Jeremiah) (JE | wp gwp g) Palestinian amora of the fourth century; pupil of R. Manis the Elder. In the town of Ḥefer in Galilee he ......
  12. Tanchum ben Joseph Yerushalmi (Tanhum ben Joseph Yerushalmi) (JE | wp gwp g) Oriental philologist and exegete of the thirteenth century. He was a scholar of great merit and was one of the ......
  13. Tanchum of Nave (Tanhum of Nave) (JE | wp gwp g) -- See I362: Tanḥuma b. Abba
  14. Tanchuma b. Abba (Tanhuma b. Abba) (JE | wp gwp g) Palestinian amora of the fifth generation; one of the foremost haggadists of his time. He was a pupil of Ḥuna ......
  15. Midrash Tanchuma (Midrash Tanhuma) JE (JE | wp gwp g) Name given to three different collections of Pentateuch haggadot; two are extant, while the third is known only through citations. ......
  16. Tanchuma b. Skolastiqai (Tanchuma b. Skolastikai) (JE | wp gwp g) Palestinian teacher of the Law. His period is not known, but according to a conjecture (see "'Aruk," s.v. "Askolastika") he ......
  17. Tanna (JE | wp gwp g) See Tannaim and Amoraim.
  18. Tanna Debe Eliyahu JE (JE | wp gwp g) Composite name of a midrash, consisting of two parts, whose final redaction took place at the end of the tenth ......
  19. Tannaim and Amoraim (JE | wp gwp g) The name "tanna" is derived from the Aramaic "teni" or "tena" (="to teach"), and designates in general a teacher of ......
  20. Abner Tannenbaum (JE | wp gwp g) Yiddish and Hebrew journalist; born at Schirwind, East Prussia, March 1, 1848. He studied in Kamenetz-Podolsk and in the Kisbinef ......

61 – 80[edit]

  1. Ishmael ha-Horen Tanuji (JE | wp gwp g) Egyptian rabbi and author of the sixteenth century. He was a descendant of the Tanuji (from "Tanjah" ="Tangiers") family of ......
  2. Tanya (JE | wp gwp g) Collection of ritual laws and customs, published first at Mantua, 1514, then at Cremona, 1565, and later in two other ......
  3. Aaron Tänzer JE (JE | wp gwp g) Austrian rabbi; born at Presburg, Hungary, Jan. 30, 1871; studied at the Presburg Rabbinerschule, and Oriental philology and history at ......
  4. Tappuah (JE | wp gwp g) City in the Shefelah, described as lying between the towns of En-gannim and Enam; probably situated north of the ......
  5. Tarascon (JE | wp gwp g) City in the department of Bouches-du-Rhône, France. In 1276 King Charles I. intervened in behalf of its Jews against the ......
  6. Tarfon (JE | wp gwp g) Tanna of the third generation, living in the period between the destruction of the Temple and the fall of Bethar. ......
  7. Targum (JE | wp gwp g) The Aramaic translation of the Bible. It forms a part of the Jewish traditional literature, and in its inception is ......
  8. Tarnopol JE (JE | wp gwp g) Town of eastern Galicia, Austria; situated on the Sereth. It was founded in 1540 by the Polish hetman Johann Tarnowski. ......
  9. Tarnow (JE | wp gwp g) Town of Austrian Galicia. An organized community existed there in the middle of the sixteenth century. The Jews were, for ......
  10. Tarragona (JE | wp gwp g) Capital of the province of Tarragona, Spain; the ancient Tarraco. It was called the "City of the Jews" by Edrisi ......
  11. Siegbert Tarrasch (JE | wp gwp g) German physician and chess-master; born at Breslau March 5, 1862; studied medicine at the universities of Berlin, Halle, and Nuremberg, ......
  12. Tarrega (JE | wp gwp g) City of Catalonia. Jews were among its inhabitants when the counts of Barcelona took Catalonia from the Moors. They enjoyed ......
  13. Tarshish (JE | wp gwp g) In the genealogical table of the Noachidæ, Tarshish is given as the second son of Javan and is followed by ......
  14. Tarsus (JE | wp gwp g) Turkish town in the vilayet of Adana, 12 miles from the Mediterranean, on the River Cydnus. During the Roman period ......
  15. Tartak (JE | wp gwp g) Deity mentioned but once in the Bible (II Kings xvii. 31). His name occurs together with that of Nibhaz or ......
  16. Tartan (JE | wp gwp g) Title of an Assyrian official; twice mentioned in the Bible. A tartan, accompanied by a "rabsaris" and a "rab-shakeh," was ......
  17. David Tartas (JE | wp gwp g) -- See C257: Castro Tartas, David b. Abraham
  18. Isaac de Castro Tartas JE (JE | wp gwp g) -- See C258: Castro Tartas, Isaac
  19. Taryag Mitzwot (Taryag Mizwot, Taryag Mitzvot) (JE | wp gwp g) -- See C689: Commandments, The
  20. Tashlik (JE | wp gwp g) Propitiatory rite, the name of which is derived from the passage (Micah vii. 18-20) recited at the ceremony. In illustration ......

81 – 100[edit]

  1. Tatnai (JE | wp gwp g) Governor of Cœle-Syria under Darius Hystaspes (Ezra v. 3). He was one of those who tried to prevent Zerubbabel and ......
  2. Die Taube (JE | wp gwp g) -- See P199: Periodicals
  3. Tauber-Bischofsheim (JE | wp gwp g) -- See B1097: Bischofsheim-on-the-Tauber
  4. Aaron Moses b. Jacob Taubes (JE | wp gwp g) Rumanian rabbi and author; born in Lemberg 1787; died in Jassy 1852. He became rabbi of Sniatyn and its districts ......
  5. Taurida, Russia (JE | wp gwp g) -- See C888: Crimea
  6. Carl Tausig (JE | wp gwp g) Polish pianist and composer; born at Warsaw [Nov. 4, 1841; died at Leipsic July 17, 1871. He received his early ......
  7. Edward David Taussig (JE | wp gwp g) American naval officer; born at St. Louis, Mo., Nov. 20, 1847. Educated at the public schools of his native city, ......
  8. Eduard Tauwitz JE (JE | wp gwp g) German composer; born Jan. 21, 1812, at Glatz; died July 26, 1894, at Prague. While studying law at the University ......
  9. Taw (Tav) (JE | wp gwp g) The twenty-second letter of the Hebrew alphabet. Its name is connected with "taw" = "sign" ( see Alphabet). "Taw" has ......
  10. Jacob b. Joseph Tawus (JE | wp gwp g) Persian translator of the Bible; flourished in the sixteenth century. The polyglot Pentateuch printed at Constantinople in 1546 included a ......
  11. Abraham ben Jacob ibn Tawwah (JE | wp gwp g) Algerian Talmudist; flourished at Algiers in the sixteenth century. On his mother's side he was a grandson of Solomon b. ......
  12. Tax-Gatherers (JE | wp gwp g) During the Egyptian government of Palestine the taxes of each city were annually leased to the highest bidder (Josephus, "Ant." ......
  13. Taxation (JE | wp gwp g) The Bible gives scant information concerning the secular or political taxes of the Jews. Practically all that can be gathered ......
  14. Taxo (JE | wp gwp g) The mysterious name of "the man of the tribe of Levi" who, under a Roman governor in the time of ......
  15. Charles Taylor JE (JE | wp gwp g) English Christian Hebraist; born in London 1840; educated at King's College, London, and St. John's College, Cambridge, of which he ......
  16. Tayyib (JE | wp gwp g) Tunisian family, first known in the second half of the seventeenth century. The more prominent members are the following:Abraham ṭayyib: ......
  17. Tebet (JE | wp gwp g) Tenth ecclesiastical and fourth civil month; it invariably has twenty-nine days. The name, like those of the other months, appears ......
  18. Tebul Yom (JE | wp gwp g) Name of a treatise in the Mishnah and in the Tosefta; in most editions of the Mishnah it is tenth ......
  19. Marco Tedeschi (JE | wp gwp g) Italian rabbi and poet; born at Piova, Piedmont, in 1817; died at Triest in1870. He removed to Vercelli with his ......
  20. Moses Isaac Tedeschi (JE | wp gwp g) Italian translator, Biblical commentator, and teacher; born at Triest June 6, 1821; died there June 17, 1898. He lectured on ......

101 to 200[edit]

101 – 120[edit]

  1. Ignaz Amadeus Tedesco (JE | wp gwp g) Austrian pianist; born at Prague 1817; died at Odessa Nov. 13, 1882; a pupil of Triebensee and Tomaschek at Prague. ......
  2. Tefillin (JE | wp gwp g) -- See P290: Phylacteries
  3. Teheran (JE | wp gwp g) Capital and commercial center of Persia; situated about seventy miles south of the Caspian Sea. The chief development of the ......
  4. Abba Techina (Abba Tehina) (JE | wp gwp g) A leader of the Zealots. Together with Eleazar Ben Dinai, he is mentioned in the remarkable dictum of Johanan ben ......
  5. Techinnah (Tehinnah) (JE | wp gwp g) -- See D315: Devotional Literature
  6. Moses Teitelbaum JE (JE | wp gwp g) Austrian Ḥasid; died July 17, 1841. According to Löw, he signed his name Tamar, this being the equivalent of Teitelbaum, ......
  7. Teixeira (JE | wp gwp g) Noble Portuguese Marano family, originally bearing the surname of Sampayo. In accordance with a decree of King Philip IV. of ......
  8. Pedro Teixeira (JE | wp gwp g) Portuguese traveler; born at Lisbon of Marano parents; died about the middle of the seventeenth century either at Verona (according ......
  9. Teqi'ah (Teki'ah) (JE | wp gwp g) -- See S653: Shofar
  10. Tekoa (JE | wp gwp g) City of southern Judea, frequently mentioned in the Old Testament. The "wise woman" who brought about the recall of Absalom ......
  11. Tequfah (Tekufah) JE (JE | wp gwp g) Season of the year. The four teḳufot are: (1) Teḳufat Nisan, the vernal equinox (March 21), when the sun enters ......
  12. Telassar (JE | wp gwp g) City, along with Gozan, Haran, and Reseph, which Rabshakeh mentions as having been conquered by Sennacherib's predecessors (II Kings xix. ......
  13. Eduard Telcs JE (JE | wp gwp g) Hungarian sculptor; born at Baja May 12, 1872. At the age of twelve he went to Budapest and studied decorative ......
  14. Telesinus (JE | wp gwp g) Jew of Telesia, who lived at Rome about 480. Not only did Pope Gelasius refer to him, in a letter ......
  15. Tell El-Amarna (JE | wp gwp g) Name derived from the Beni'Amran or El-Amarna Bedouins, and now given to the extensive ruins and rock-cut tombs which are ......
  16. Leopold Teller JE (JE | wp gwp g) Hungarian actor; born at Budapest April 3, 1844. For a time he studied medicine at the University of Vienna, but ......
  17. Probst Teller (JE | wp gwp g) -- See F398: Friedländer, David
  18. Caroline Tellheim (JE | wp gwp g) See Bettelheim, Caroline von. ......
  19. Teman (JE | wp gwp g) Originally, the name of a tribe and then of a district of the Edomites. In Biblical genealogy it is the ......
  20. Jacob ben Eliezer Temerls (JE | wp gwp g) German Talmudist and cabalist; born at Worms at the end of the sixteenth century; died at Vienna about 1667. At ......

121 – 140[edit]

  1. Temesvar (JE | wp gwp g) Hungarian city. The oldest gravestone in the Jewish cemetery is dated 1636, and was erected in memory of Azriel Assach ......
  2. Administration and Service of Temple (JE | wp gwp g) The affairs of the Second Temple were managed by a board of fifteen appointed officers ("memunnim"). The Mishnah records the ......
  3. Temple of Herod (JE | wp gwp g) In the eighteenth year (20-19 B.C.) of his reign Herod rebuilt the Temple on a more magnificent scale. There are ......
  4. Temple of Mount Gerizim (JE | wp gwp g) -- See G158: Gerizim, Mount
  5. Temple of Onias JE (JE | wp gwp g) -- See L206: Leontopolis
  6. Plan of Second Temple (JE | wp gwp g) The plan and description of the Second Temple according to Talmudic sources were as follows:Mount Moriah, known as the "Har ......
  7. Temple in Rabbinical Literature (JE | wp gwp g) Mount Moriah was allotted by Joshua to the tribes of Judah and Benjamin. The area of the mount, the halls, ......
  8. Second Temple (JE | wp gwp g) The Temple of Solomon was destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 B.C. (II Kings xxv. 9). It is usually supposed that ......
  9. Temple of Solomon JE (JE | wp gwp g) David, according to II Sam. vii. 2 et seq., desired to build a temple for Yhwh, but was not permitted ......
  10. Bernhard Templer (JE | wp gwp g) Austrian theologian; born at Brzesko, Galicia, May 1, 1865; educated at the University and the Bet ha-Midrash of Vienna, and ......
  11. Temurah (JE | wp gwp g) Treatise in the Mishnah, Tosefta, and Babylonian Talmud mainly concerned with the regulations in Lev. xxvii. 10, 33 regarding the ......
  12. Midrash Temurah JE (JE | wp gwp g) Ethical haggadic work consisting of three chapters. Its tendency is to prove that changes and differences are necessary to the ......
  13. Ten (JE | wp gwp g) The art of counting was founded on the number of the fingers and toes, which constituted the basis for the ......
  14. Ten Commandments (JE | wp gwp g) -- See D192: Decalogue
  15. Ten Plagues (JE | wp gwp g) -- See P367: Plague
  16. Tenant (JE | wp gwp g) -- See L52: Landlord and Tenant
  17. Paul Tenczer JE (JE | wp gwp g) Hungarian author; born at Nagy Bejom April 11, 1836; died at Budapest Feb. 6, 1905. He was educated at Keszthely ......
  18. Tennessee (JE | wp gwp g) State of the Southern States of the American Union; admitted in 1796—the third after the incorporation of the original thirteen; ......
  19. Tent (JE | wp gwp g) The usual home of nomads, who are accordingly described as dwelling in tents (Gen. iv. 20). As distinguished from the ......
  20. Hezekiah (Feiwel) ben Jonah Te'omim (JE | wp gwp g) Rabbi at Przemysl; lived in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He was the author of "Teḳa' be-Shofar" (Breslau, 1719), containing ......

141 – 160[edit]

  1. Jonah ben Isaiah Te'omim (JE | wp gwp g) Bohemian rabbi at Prague; died at Metz April 16, 1669. After having exercised the function of rabbi at Nikolsburg and ......
  2. Jonah (Chayyim) ben Joshua Feiwel Te'omim (Jonah (Hayyim) ben Joshua Feiwel Te'omim) (JE | wp gwp g) Rabbi successively at Przemysl, Zülz, and Breslau; lived in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; son-in-law of David Oppenheim, rabbi of ......
  3. Joseph ben Meïr Te'omim (JE | wp gwp g) Galician rabbi; born at Lemberg in 1727; died at Frankfort-on-the-Oder in 1793. While still young he succeeded his father in ......
  4. Joshua Feiwel ben Jonah Te'omim (JE | wp gwp g) Rabbi at Przemysl in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He was the author of "Panim Masbirot," a polemical work directed ......
  5. Löb ben Moses Te'omim (Aryeh Judah) JE (JE | wp gwp g) Rabbi and scholar of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; lived in Pinczow, and later in Plotzk. He was the author ......
  6. Meïr ben Samuel Te'omim (JE | wp gwp g) Polish Talmudist of the eighteenth century; died July, 10, 1773. Meïr was a grandson of Joseph Te'omim, and was a ......
  7. Baruch ben David Te'omim-Fränkel (JE | wp gwp g) Rabbi at Wisnicz, Austrian Galicia, and at Leipnik, Moravia, during the first half of the nineteenth century; grandson of Aryeh ......
  8. Teplitz (JE | wp gwp g) Town in northern Bohemia, about 46 miles northwest of Prague. The earliest documentary evidence of the presence of Jews there ......
  9. Terah (JE | wp gwp g) Father of Abraham, Nahor, and Haran (Gen. xi. 26). His original home was Ur of the Chaldees; but later he ......
  10. Teraphim JE (JE | wp gwp g) Plural word of unknown derivation used in the Old Testament to denote the primitive Semitic house-gods whose cult had been ......
  11. Terebinth S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) -- See O1: Oak and Terebinth
  12. Terefah (JE | wp gwp g) Term signifying originally the flesh of a clean animal that had been torn or mortally wounded by beasts of prey, ......
  13. Daniel ben Moses David Terni (JE | wp gwp g) Italian rabbi, poet, and Biblical commentator of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; a native of Ancona. After having taught for ......
  14. Mattathiah Nissim ben Jacob Israel Terni (JE | wp gwp g) Italian rabbi and poet; flourished in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. He was rabbi at Florence, Urbino, Pesaro, and Sinigaglia. ......
  15. Raphael Benito Terongi (JE | wp gwp g) Martyr. He, his teacher Raphael Valls, and his sister Catalina Terongi were together publicly burned as "Judios impenitentes" at the ......
  16. Olry Terquem (JE | wp gwp g) French mathematician; born at Metz June 16, 1782; died at Paris May 6, 1862. In 1801 he began his studies ......
  17. Terracino (JE | wp gwp g) Italian rabbinical family, of which the following members are known:David Mordecai Terracino: Rabbi at Asti in the nineteenth century.Hezekiah Terracino: ......
  18. Territorialists (JE | wp gwp g) -- See Z132: Zionism
  19. Teru'ah (JE | wp gwp g) -- See S653: Shofar
  20. Teruel (JE | wp gwp g) City of Aragon. In the Middle Ages it possessed a prominent Jewish community, which enjoyed several privileges, and which paid ......

161 – 180[edit]

  1. Terumot (JE | wp gwp g) Treatise in the Mishnah, Tosefta, and Palestinian Talmud. There were two kinds of heave-offerings or gifts to the priest: one ......
  2. Testament (JE | wp gwp g) See Wills. ......
  3. Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs JE (JE | wp gwp g) Title of twelve connected documents which purport to record the last words and exhortations of the twelve sons of Jacob. ......
  4. Tet (JE | wp gwp g) Ninth letter of the Hebrew alphabet. The signification of its name is uncertain. Its sound is that of an emphatic ......
  5. Tetragrammaton S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) The quadriliteral name of God, V12p118001.jpg, which is thus referred to in Josephus, in the Church Fathers, in the magic ......
  6. Tetrarch (JE | wp gwp g) A governor of a quarter of a province; the title of several feudal lords of Palestine and neighboring countries who ......
  7. Tetuan (JE | wp gwp g) -- See M801: Morocco
  8. Heinrich Teweles (JE | wp gwp g) Austrian dramatist; born at Prague Nov. 13, 1856. He made his début in 1881 with a drama entitled "Die Schauspielerin." ......
  9. Texas (JE | wp gwp g) Largest state in the American Union; admitted in 1845; seceded Feb. 1, 1861; and readmitted in 1870. Previous to its ......
  10. Texeira (JE | wp gwp g) -- See T107: Teixeira
  11. Thanskgiving (JE | wp gwp g) -- See B697: Benedictions
  12. Koppel Theben (Jacob ben Abraham Mandl) (JE | wp gwp g) President of the Jewish community in Presburg; died at Prague Aug. 26, 1799. As "sheṭadlan" of the Hungarian Jews he ......
  13. Thebes (JE | wp gwp g) Ancient and famous city of Greece; capital of Bœotia. Although there is no documentary evidence of the presence of Jews ......
  14. Theft and Stolen Goods (JE | wp gwp g) To steal is to break one of the Ten Commandments, "Thou shalt not steal"; and it is immaterial whether one ......
  15. Theocracy (JE | wp gwp g) System of state organization and government in which God is recognized as the ruler in whose name authority is exercised ......
  16. Julius (Judah) Theodor (JE | wp gwp g) German rabbi; born Dec. 28, 1849, at Schmalleningken, East Prussia. He studied philosophy and Orientalia at the University of Breslau ......
  17. Theodora (JE | wp gwp g) Queen of Bulgaria from 1335 to 1355; born at Tirnova la Grande, capital of the ancient kingdom of Bulgaria, of ......
  18. Theodore of Mopsuestia (JE | wp gwp g) Christian bishop and Church father; born and educated at Antioch; died at Mopsuestia about 429; teacher of Nestorius and Theodoret, ......
  19. Theodosia (JE | wp gwp g) -- See K13: Kaffa
  20. Theodotion (JE | wp gwp g) One of the Greek translators of the Old Testament (see Jew. Encyc. iii. 187, s.v. Bible Translations). He is the ......

181 – 200[edit]

  1. Theology (JE | wp gwp g) The science that treats of God and of His relation to the world in general and to man in particular; ......
  2. Theophany (JE | wp gwp g) Manifestation of a god to man; the sensible sign by which the presence of a divinity is revealed. If the ......
  3. Theophilus (JE | wp gwp g) High priest; son of Anan, and brother of Jonathan, who was deposed by Vitellius in 37 C.E. in favor of ......
  4. Theosophy (JE | wp gwp g) -- See C1: Cabala
  5. Therapeutae (JE | wp gwp g) A community of Jewish ascetics settled on Lake Mareotis in the vicinity of Alexandria at the time of Philo, who ......
  6. Thessalonica (JE | wp gwp g) -- See S93: Salonica
  7. Thessaly (JE | wp gwp g) Province of northern Greece, on the Ægean Sea. It numbered Jews among its inhabitants at a very early date, although ......
  8. Theudas (JE | wp gwp g) Pseudo-Messiah, who appeared during the consulate of Cuspius Fadus and succeeded in winning a large number of adherents. In proof ......
  9. Thief (JE | wp gwp g) -- See T174: Theft and Stolen Goods
  10. Thiengen (JE | wp gwp g) -- See T372: Typography
  11. Thistles (JE | wp gwp g) -- See T196: Thorns and Thistles
  12. Emile Thomas (Emil Tobias) (JE | wp gwp g) German actor; born at Berlin Nov. 24, 1836. Thomas has had a most varied career. He made his début in ......
  13. Father Thomas (JE | wp gwp g) -- See D22: Damascus Affair
  14. Boris Thomashefski (JE | wp gwp g) Judæo-German actor; born at Kiev May 30, 1866. He went to New York to seek work in 1881 and soon ......
  15. Thorn (JE | wp gwp g) Town of West Prussia, founded in 1233 by the Knights of the Teutonic Order. Jews were not permitted to dwell ......
  16. Thorns and Thistles (JE | wp gwp g) The desert flora of Palestine is unusually rich in thorns and thistles, containing a whole series of acanthaceous shrubs and ......
  17. Thrashing-Floor (JE | wp gwp g) -- See A910: Agriculture
  18. Three (JE | wp gwp g) -- See N366: Numbers and Numerals
  19. Threshold (JE | wp gwp g) In early times the threshold had a special sanctity; and that of the Temple was a marked spot, indicating specific ......
  20. Throne (JE | wp gwp g) A royal seat, or chair of state. The king sits "upon the throne of his kingdom" (Deut. xvii. 18). Pharaoh ......

201 to 300[edit]

201 – 220[edit]

  1. Thunder (JE | wp gwp g) The sound that follows lightning. The proper Hebrew term for it is V12p142001.jpg (Ps. lxxvii. 19 et passim; Job xxvi. ......
  2. Thurgau (JE | wp gwp g) -- See S1201: Switzerland
  3. Tiao Kiu Kiaou (JE | wp gwp g) -- See C461: China
  4. Tibbon (JE | wp gwp g) -- See I52: Ibn Tibbon
  5. Tiberias (JE | wp gwp g) City founded by Herod Antipas in the year 26 C.E., and named in honor of the emperor Tiberius; situated on ......
  6. Lake Tiberias (JE | wp gwp g) -- See C462: Chinnereth
  7. Julius Alexander Tiberius (JE | wp gwp g) -- See A1159: Alexander, Tiberius Julius
  8. Tibni (JE | wp gwp g) One of the rulers of the kingdom of Israel during the interregnum between Zimri and Omri; son of Ginath. When ......
  9. Tien-Tsin (Tianjin) (JE | wp gwp g) Commercial city of China. Its Jewish inhabitants number about 150, most of whom are Russian and Polish. They have not ......
  10. Hermann Tietz JE (JE | wp gwp g) German rabbi; born at Birnbaum, Posen, Germany, Sept. 3, 1834, and educated at the University of Berlin (Ph. D. Halle). He ......
  11. Tiflis (JE | wp gwp g) -- See C279: Caucasus
  12. Tiglath-Pileser (JE | wp gwp g) King of Assyria from 747 to 727 B.C.; designated by modern Oriental historians as Tiglath-pileser III. He first appears under ......
  13. Tigris (JE | wp gwp g) One of the four streams mentioned in Gen. ii. 14 as watering the Garden of Eden, and described, from the ......
  14. Tiktin (JE | wp gwp g) A Silesian family of rabbis originating from Tiktin, a town in Poland.Abraham ben Gedaliah Tiktin: German rabbi; born at Schwersenz, ......
  15. Judah Löb ben Simchah Tiktiner (Judah Löb ben Simhah Tiktiner) (JE | wp gwp g) Russian rabbi of the eighteenth century. He officiated as ab bet din in Zagora, and later was a resident of ......
  16. Rebecca bat Meïr Tiktiner (JE | wp gwp g) Austrian authoress of the sixteenth century; flourished at Prague, where she died, apparently in 1550. She wrote two works: (1) ......
  17. Chayyim Judah Löb b. Samuel Tiktinski (Hayyim Judah Löb b. Samuel Tiktinski) (JE | wp gwp g) Lithuanian Talmudist; born in Mir Oct. 13, 1823; died in Warsaw March 30, 1899. He was the second son of ......
  18. Timbrel (JE | wp gwp g) Musical instrument. In the Hebrew music of Old Testament times, as indeed in Oriental music to-day, rhythm was of much ......
  19. Timnath-serah (JE | wp gwp g) Town in Mount Ephraim, situated on the northern slope of the hill of Gaash (Josh. xxiv. 30). It was given ......
  20. Tin (JE | wp gwp g) -- See M516: Metals

221 – 240[edit]

  1. Jacob Tirado JE (JE | wp gwp g) Convert to Judaism in Amsterdam in the sixteenth century; died in Jerusalem. With several Maranos he sailed from Portugal in ......
  2. Tirhakah (JE | wp gwp g) King of Ethiopia (i.e., Nubia). When Sennacherib and his general (Rabshakeh) were besieging Lachish, Libnah, and Jerusalem, it was reported ......
  3. Tirzah (JE | wp gwp g) Ancient Canaanitish capital (Josh. xii. 24), which, from the context, seems to have been situated in the northern part of ......
  4. Elijah Tishbi (JE | wp gwp g) -- See L298: Levita, Elijah
  5. Judah ben Elijah Tishbi (JE | wp gwp g) Karaite scholar and liturgical poet; flourished at Belgrade in the first half of the sixteenth century; grandson of Abraham ben ......
  6. Tisza-Eszlar Affair JE (JE | wp gwp g) Accusation of ritual murder brought against the Jews of Tisza-Eszlar, a Hungarian town situated on the ......
  7. Tithe (JE | wp gwp g) The tenth part of anything, appropriated as tax or sacrifice.—Biblical Data: Tithing one's possessions was a very ancient custom, existing ......
  8. Title Page (JE | wp gwp g) Decorations.In the early sixteenth century the colophon still predominated. The title of the "Sefer Minhag Abot," the condensed liturgical code ......
  9. Titles of Hebrew Books (JE | wp gwp g) In Hebrew literature, books, with few exceptions, are recognized by their titles independently of their authors' names. Citations from and ......
  10. Titles of Honor (JE | wp gwp g) Words and phrases applied to persons to distinguish their noble birth, or their official or social rank and station, or ......
  11. Titus (JE | wp gwp g) Emperor of Rome from 79 to 81; born in 39 or 41; died Sept. 13, 81; son of Vespasian, the ......
  12. Arch of Titus (JE | wp gwp g) A triumphal arch erected at Rome in honor of the emperor Titus and in celebration of his victory over the ......
  13. Joseph Tob 'Elem JE (JE | wp gwp g) -- See B1296: Bonfils, Joseph b. Samuel
  14. Tob le-Hodot (JE | wp gwp g) -- See M672: Mizmor Shir le-Yom ha-Shabbat
  15. Tobacco (JE | wp gwp g) The use of tobacco for smoking and in the form of snuff is commonamong Jews, who in some countries control ......
  16. Tobia ben Moses ha-Abel (JE | wp gwp g) Karaite scholar, Biblical commentator, liturgical poet, and translator; flourished at Constantinople in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Fürst ("Gesch. des ......
  17. Tobiads (JE | wp gwp g) Jewish party in the Maccabean period. A combination of the statements of Josephus ("Ant." xii. 4, §§ 1-11) and of ......
  18. Tobiah ben Eliezer JE (JE | wp gwp g) Talmudist and poet of the eleventh century; author of the "Leḳaḥ Ṭob" or "Pesiḳta Zuṭarta," a midrashic commentary on the ......
  19. Tobiah ben Elijah of Vienne (Burgundy) (JE | wp gwp g) French tosafist of the thirteenth century. He was a younger contemporary, and perhaps also a pupil, of Isaac ben Abraham ......
  20. Emil Tobias (JE | wp gwp g) -- See T192: Thomas, Emile

241 – 260[edit]

  1. Book of Tobit (JE | wp gwp g) A late Jewish work, never received into the Jewish canon, and included in the Apocrypha by Protestants, although it was ......
  2. Mordecai ben Abraham Tockels (JE | wp gwp g) German Talmudist; born at Lissa; died in Berlin June 12, 1743. As a poor young man he went to Berlin, ......
  3. Hermann Todesco (JE | wp gwp g) Austrian financier and philanthropist; born at Presburg 1792; died there Nov. 23, 1844. At first engaging in the silk trade, ......
  4. Todros of Beaucaire (JE | wp gwp g) (called Ha-Ḳaẓin). One of the chief poets of the second half of the thirteenth century; resided in Montpellier. In 1277 ......
  5. Todros of Cavaillon (JE | wp gwp g) French physician of the latter part of the fourteenth century, who flourished, according to Carmoly, about 1375. He was the ......
  6. Todros ben Isaac (JE | wp gwp g) Talmudist; lived in Italy or in southern France in the latter part of the thirteenth century and the early part ......
  7. Todros ben Kalonymus (JE | wp gwp g) French scholar and liturgical poet; lived at Narbonne in the first half of the twelfth century; son of Kalonymus the ......
  8. Todros ben Meshullam ben David (JE | wp gwp g) Provençal translator; born at Arles in the early part of the fourteenth century. Of his life no details are known ......
  9. Todros ben Moses Yom-Tob (JE | wp gwp g) French physician; flourished at Cavaillon in the second half of the fourteenth century; identified by Steinschneider with Todros of Cavaillon. ......
  10. Tohorot (JE | wp gwp g) Name of the sixth and last order in the Mishnah and the Tosefta. "Ṭohorot" is a euphemism for uncleanness, all ......
  11. Tokachah (Tokahah) (JE | wp gwp g) The term used to connote the prediction by Moses of due punishment in case of disobedience of the divine law ......
  12. Tola (JE | wp gwp g) A son of Issachar who had journeyed to Egypt with Jacob (Gen. xlvi. 13). In the census of the people ......
  13. Toledano (JE | wp gwp g) A family taking its name from Toledo, the city in which it originated, and including printers, Talmudic scholars, rabbis, and ......
  14. Toledo (JE | wp gwp g) Several Jewish authors who wrote in Arabic were born and probably educated at Toledo, even after its conquest by the ......
  15. Toledo, Ohio (JE | wp gwp g) -- See O37: Ohio
  16. Toledot Yeshu' (JE | wp gwp g) See Jesus in Jewish Legend. ......
  17. Toleranzpatent (JE | wp gwp g) -- See J443: Joseph
  18. Toll (JE | wp gwp g) -- See L160: Leibzoll
  19. Jacob b. Simeon Tomashov (JE | wp gwp g) Polish rabbi of the seventeenth century. His father is styled "ha-Ḳadosh," a term generally given to a martyr, so that ......
  20. Tombs (JE | wp gwp g) From the earliest times the Hebrews practised burial of the dead (V12p183001.jpg, whence "ḳeber" = "tomb"), so that cremation, which ......

261 – 280[edit]

  1. Tombstones (JE | wp gwp g) The custom of marking a grave by a stone which bore an inscription describing the qualities of the deceased and ......
  2. Topaz (JE | wp gwp g) -- See G131: Gems
  3. Topeka (JE | wp gwp g) -- See K91: Kansas
  4. Tophet (JE | wp gwp g) Old Testament term used chiefly by Jeremiah (vii. 31, 32; xix. 6, 11, 12, 13, 14) and once in II ......
  5. Torah (JE | wp gwp g) Name applied to the five books of Moses, Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. The contents of the Torah as ......
  6. Torat Kohanim (Sifra) (JE | wp gwp g) -- See M587: Midrash Haggadah
  7. Tordesillas (JE | wp gwp g) Spanish city near Valladolid, with a Jewish community, which was visited by Vicente Ferrer toward the end of 1411 for ......
  8. Moses Ha-Kohen de Tordesillas JE (JE | wp gwp g) Spanish controversialist, who was called upon to suffer for his faith, an attempt being made to convert him to Christianity ......
  9. Toronto (JE | wp gwp g) Canadian city; capital of the province of Ontario. Toronto possesses four regularly organized Jewish congregations, the oldest being the Holy ......
  10. Tomas de Torquemada (JE | wp gwp g) -- See A2155: Auto da Fé
  11. Lelio (Hillel) della Torre (JE | wp gwp g) Italian rabbi and educator; born in Cuneo, Piedmont, Jan. 11, 1805; died in Padua July 9, 1871. His father, Solomon ......
  12. Tort (JE | wp gwp g) Any wrongful act, neglect, or default whereby legal damage is caused to the person, property, or reputation of another. Liability ......
  13. Tortoise (JE | wp gwp g) Rendering in the Authorized Version of the Hebrew word "ẓab" (Lev. xi. 29; see Lizard). Some commentators assume "gallim" in ......
  14. Tortosa (JE | wp gwp g) City in Catalonia where Jews lived and owned land as early as the Roman period. This Jewish community was one ......
  15. Löb b. Abraham Tortschiner (JE | wp gwp g) -- See C774: Cordovero, Aryeh Löb
  16. Tosafot JE >> List of Tosafists JE, Isaac ben Abraham of Dampierre JE, Judah ben Nathan JE (JE | wp gwp g) Critical and explanatory glosses on the Talmud, printed, in almost all editions, on the outer margin and opposite Rashi's notes. ......
  17. Tosefta (JE | wp gwp g) Name of a collection of baraitot which treat in a more complete form than does the Mishnah the subject of ......
  18. Tötbrief (JE | wp gwp g) Term applied in Germany to the edicts issued by the kings and emperors, to the papal bulls, and to the ......
  19. Totemism (JE | wp gwp g) A primitive social system in which members of a clan reckoned kinship through their mothers, and worshiped some animal or ......
  20. Toul (JE | wp gwp g) Capital of an arrondissement in the department of Meurthe-et-Moselle, France, with a Jewish population dating from the thirteenth century. Among ......

281 – 300[edit]

  1. Toulon (JE | wp gwp g) Capital of an arrondissement in the department of the Var, France. Like most of the principal cities of Provence, Toulon ......
  2. Toulouse (JE | wp gwp g) Capital of the department of Haute-Garonne, France, where a large number of Jews lived as early as the beginning of ......
  3. Judah Touro (JE | wp gwp g) American philanthropist; born at Newport, R. I., June 16, 1775; died at New Orleans, La., Jan. 13, 1854; son of ......
  4. Tours (JE | wp gwp g) Capital of the department of Indre-et-Loire, France. Since the first half of the sixth century Jews have lived either in ......
  5. Tower (JE | wp gwp g) A building of strength or magnificence (Isa. ii. 15; Cant. iv. 4, vii. 4), and, with a more limited connotation, ......
  6. Crawford Howell Toy (JE | wp gwp g) American Christian Orientalist; born at Norfolk, Va., March 23, 1836. He was educated at the University of Virginia, and studied ......
  7. Trabot (Trabotti) (JE | wp gwp g) Family of Italian scholars of the fifteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth centuries, which immigrated to Italy from France, so that several ......
  8. Herman Trachtenberg JE (JE | wp gwp g) Russian jurist; born in Jitomir 1839; died there 1895. He studied law at the University of St. Petersburg, and at ......
  9. Trade (JE | wp gwp g) -- See C693: Commerce
  10. Trade unionism (JE | wp gwp g) Excepting in Holland, the creation of a Jewish proletariat has everywhere followed immigration from the east-European centers, where the massing ......
  11. Das Traditionelle Judenthum (JE | wp gwp g) -- See P199: Periodicals
  12. Traditions (JE | wp gwp g) Doctrines and sayings transmitted from father to son by word of mouth, and thus preserved among the people. Such traditions ......
  13. Trajan (JE | wp gwp g) Roman emperor from 98 to 117. Like Vespasian, Titus, and Hadrian, he is frequently mentioned by Jewish writers; and he ......
  14. Trani UNR >> Moses ben Joseph di Trani JE, Joseph Trani JE (JE | wp gwp g) Family of scholars, members of which were prominent in Spain and the Levant.Aaron di Trani: Spanish tosafist; born in Castile; ......
  15. Transfer (JE | wp gwp g) -- See A1234: Alienation and Acquisition
  16. Translations (JE | wp gwp g) After the early victories of the Mohammedans and the consequent spread of Arabic civilization, the Jews of the Eastern countries ......
  17. Transliteration (JE | wp gwp g) The Greek and Latin words which entered into the language of the Hebrews are transcribed in the Talmud, Midrash, and ......
  18. Transmigration of souls (JE | wp gwp g) The passing of souls into successive bodily forms, either human or animal. According to Pythagoras, who probably learned the doctrine ......
  19. Transvaal (JE | wp gwp g) -- See S988: South Africa
  20. Transylvania (JE | wp gwp g) A district which has formed a part of Hungary since 1867. According to one tradition, the first Jewish settlers of ......

301 to 400[edit]

301 – 320[edit]

  1. Trastevere S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) -- See R352: Rome
  2. Ludwig Traube S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) German physician and medical author; born at Ratibor, Prussian Silesia, Jan. 18, 1818; died at Berlin April 11, 1876; elder ......
  3. Horace Traubel (JE | wp gwp g) American editor; born at Camden, N. J., Dec. 19, 1858; educated in the public schools of his native town. In ......
  4. Travelers S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Jews early became accustomed to wandering, either by compulsion, as in the Exile and in the Diaspora, or through natural ......
  5. Travnik S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Town of Bosnia. The first Jews settled there at the beginning of the nineteenth century, during the reign of the ......
  6. Treason S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) In the strictest sense there is no record in the Bible of an attempt to betray one's country, nor is ......
  7. Treasure-Trove (JE | wp gwp g) -- See F144: Finder of Property
  8. Tomas Trebino de Sobremonte (Tomas Tremino de Sobremonte) (JE | wp gwp g) Martyr; burned at the stake at Mexico, or Lima, April 11, 1649. He had previously been reconciled by the Inquisition; ......
  9. Abraham ben Reuben Chayyat Trebitsch (Abraham ben Reuben Hayyat Trebitsch) JE S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Austrian scholar; born at Trebitsch, Moravia, about 1760; died at Nikolsburg in the first half of the nineteenth century. He ......
  10. Nehemiah (Menahem Nahum) Trebitsch JE S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Austrian rabbi; born at Prague Aug. 14, 1779; died there July 4, 1842. He was a son of Selig Trebitsch, ......
  11. Tree of Life S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) According to Gen. ii. 9, there stood in the midst of the Garden of Eden a "tree of life," apparently ......
  12. Tree worship S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Trees have been objects of worship in all parts of the world (comp. Mannhardt, "Wald- und Feldkulte," Berlin, 1875). They ......
  13. Laws Concerning Trees (JE | wp gwp g) Cutting down fruit-bearing and useful trees is forbidden by the Mosaic law. In time of war the fruit-trees about...
  14. John Immanuel Tremellius JE (JE | wp gwp g) Italian Hebraist; born at Ferrara 1510; died at Sedan Oct. 9, 1580. He was educated at the University of Padua. ......
  15. Isaac Trenel (JE | wp gwp g) French rabbi; born at Metz Dec. 28, 1822; died at Paris in 1890. He studied at Marmoutier under his uncle ......
  16. Trent S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Oldest city of the Tyrol; a sovereign bishopric from 1027 to 1803. During the first half of the fourteenth century ......
  17. Trespass S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Injury done directly, in most cases purposely, to the person or property of another. Trespass on the person has been ......
  18. Trespass-Offerings (JE | wp gwp g) -- See S35: Sacrifice
  19. Der treue Zionswächter (JE | wp gwp g) -- See P199: Periodicals
  20. Jacob Treuenburg (JE | wp gwp g) -- See B410: Bassevi, Jacob

321 – 340[edit]

  1. Treves S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) City of Rhenish Prussia, formerly an electorate comprising upper and lower bishoprics with Treves and Coblenz as capitals (see Jew. ......
  2. Treves >> Abraham ben Solomon Treves JE, Naphtali Hirsch Treves JE (JE | wp gwp g) Family which derived its name from the Prussian city of Treves, famous for its prominentmen. No other family can boast ......
  3. Trévoux S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Principal town of the arrondissement of the same name in the department of Ain, France. Henry of Villars, Archbishop of ......
  4. Trial S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) -- See P538: Procedure in Civil Causes
  5. Lost Ten Tribes S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) According to the Bible, Tiglath-pileser (II Kings xv. 29) or Shalmaneser (ib. xvii. 6, xviii. 11), after the defeat of ......
  6. Twelve Tribes (JE | wp gwp g) The individual tribes having been treated under their respective captions, it is proposed to discuss in the present article the ......
  7. Triennial Cycle (JE | wp gwp g) A cycle of three years, in the course of which the whole Law is read on Sabbaths and festivals. This ......
  8. Ernst Johannes Trier (JE | wp gwp g) Danish educator; born in Copenhagen Jan. 23, 1837; died at Vallekilde Dec. 29, 1893. He was graduated from the University ......
  9. Jacob Frederik Trier (JE | wp gwp g) Danish physician; born in Copenhagen June 14, 1831; died there May 17, 1898. He studied at the Metropolitan School and ......
  10. Herman Trier (JE | wp gwp g) Danish educator, writer, and politician; born in Copenhagen May 10, 1845. He received his early education at the Von Westenske ......
  11. Salomon Meyer Trier (JE | wp gwp g) Danish pharmacist; born in Copenhagen in 1804; died there in Dec., 1888. He was graduated from the Copenhagen College of ......
  12. Seligmann Meyer Trier (JE | wp gwp g) Danish physician; born in Copenhagen June 7, 1800; died there Dec. 20, 1863. He was the son of poor parents, ......
  13. Triesch S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) City in Moravia. Its Jewish congregation was most probably founded by exiles from Iglau shortly after 1426. In the latter ......
  14. Friedrich Gustav Triesch (JE | wp gwp g) Austrian dramatist; born at Vienna June 16, 1845. Triesch studied sculpture for a time at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste, ......
  15. Triest S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) A commercial city and an important seaport, situated at the head of the Adriatic; ethnographically Italian, but politically Austrian. Although ......
  16. Gabriel Trieste (JE | wp gwp g) Italian merchant and philanthropist; born Dec. 24, 1784; died at Padua March 9, 1860. He was president of the Jewish ......
  17. Eliezer ben Joseph Yospa Trillinger (JE | wp gwp g) Austrian rabbi; lived in the latter half of the seventeenth and at the beginning of the eighteenth century; died at ......
  18. Trinity S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) The fundamental dogma of Christianity; the concept of the union in one God of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit as ......
  19. Trinquetaille S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Suburb of Arles, France, on the right bank of the Rhone. Its Jewish community was of much importance in the ......
  20. Tripoli S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Seaport on the northern coast of Africa; capital of the Turkish vilayet of the same name. Local tradition states that ......

341 – 360[edit]

  1. Henry Baker Tristram S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) English clergyman, Biblical scholar, and traveler in Palestine; born May 11, 1822, at Eglingham, Northumberland. He was educated at Durham ......
  2. Joseph Elijah Triwosch (JE | wp gwp g) Russian Hebrew writer and poet; born at Wilna Jan. 18, 1856; settled at Grodno as a teacher of Hebrew and ......
  3. Troki S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) District city in the government of Wilna, Russia. It was an important Jewish center in the fourteenth, fifteenth, and sixteenth ......
  4. Troki (JE | wp gwp g) Karaite family deriving its name from the city of Troki, in the government of Wilna, Russia. The more important members ......
  5. Trop (JE | wp gwp g) Judæo-German term for tropes, the short musical cadences, called "distinctions" in theChurch plain-song, which are the traditional vocal interpretation of ...... -- links to Cantillation
  6. Troy, New York S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) City and the capital of Rensselaer county in the state of New York; situated on the east bank of the ......
  7. Troyes S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Capital of the department of Aube, France. It contained a Jewish population as early as the tenth century, as is ......
  8. Henry Clay Trumbull S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) American Christian Orientalist; born at Stonington, Conn., June 8, 1830; died at Philadelphia Dec. 8, 1903. He was educated at ......
  9. Trumpet S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) In Shab. 36a (comp. Suk. 34a) it is noted that since the destruction of the Temple the names for the ......
  10. Feast of Trumpets S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) -- See N246: New-Year
  11. Trusts and Trustees (JE | wp gwp g) It has been shown under Guardian and Ward and under Community how the Jewish law took notice of the various ......
  12. Tryphon S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Son of Theudion; one of the four envoys sent by the Jews in 45 C.E. to petition Emperor Claudius that ......
  13. Tschernigoff (JE | wp gwp g) -- See C431: Chernigov
  14. Tubal-Cain (JE | wp gwp g) Brother of Jabal and Jubal, sons of Lamech, who appear to have been the originators of several industries and arts. ...... -- redirects to Lamech
  15. Tuberculosis S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) -- See C751: Consumption
  16. Jules Tuchmann (JE | wp gwp g) French folklorist; born in Paris March 23, 1830; died there Feb. 28, 1901. Privately educated, he devoted his whole life ......
  17. Tudela JE S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) The oldest and most important Jewish community in the former kingdom of Navarre. When Alfonso the Valiant captured the city ......
  18. Jacob Tugenhold (JE | wp gwp g) Russian educator and author; born in Breslau 1791; died at Warsaw April 20, 1871. Realizing that education was one of ......
  19. Wolf Tugenhold (JE | wp gwp g) Russian educator and author; brother of Jacob Tugendhold. He was teacher in the rabbinical school of Wilna and also censor ......
  20. Edmund Tull JE S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Hungarian artist; born at Szekesfejervar 1870. He was educated at Budapest, Milan, and Paris, being in the last-named city a ......

361 – 380[edit]

  1. Tunis S 2007-12-01 >> History of the Jews in Tunisia JE (JE | wp gwp g) Formerly one of the Barbary States of North Africa, but since 1881 a dependency of France; situated between latitude 31� ......
  2. Naphtali Wolf Tur (JE | wp gwp g) Russian Hebraist; born at Wilna; died there May 29, 1885 (according to Zeitlin, June 8, 1884). Tur settled in Warsaw, ......
  3. Turim (JE | wp gwp g) -- See J29: Jacob ben Asher
  4. Turin S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Italian city on the River Po; formerly capital of the duchy of Savoy, and later of the kingdom of Sardinia; ......
  5. Turkey S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Empire of southeastern Europe and western Asia. For present purposes Turkey is taken to mean that part of Europe which ......
  6. Wilhelm Turteltaub (JE | wp gwp g) Austrian physician and poet; born at Rzeszow, Galicia, March 25, 1816. At the age of twelve he wrote a comedy ......
  7. Turtle dove S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) -- See D456: Dove
  8. Jacob Tus (JE | wp gwp g) -- See T90: Tawus
  9. Tushiyyah (JE | wp gwp g) Publishing establishment founded in Warsaw in 1896, which, though a private enterprise, is in reality a Hebrew publication society striving ......
  10. Olaus Gerhard Tychsen S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Christian Hebraist and Orientalist; born at Tondern in Sleswick, Denmark, Dec. 14, 1734; died at Rostock, Germany, Dec. 30, 1815. ......
  11. Anthropological types (JE | wp gwp g) Correlated norms of racial qualities. Individuals who present an interrelation between the color of the hair...
  12. Typography S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) The art of printing. The invention of printing was welcomed by the Jews as "the art of writing with many ......
  13. Tyre S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Principal city of Phenicia. By "the strong city Tyre," mentioned in Josh. xix. 29 and II Sam. xxiv. 7 as ......
  14. Tyria (JE | wp gwp g) City of Asia Minor, sixty miles from Smyrna. Its Jewish community is of ancient date, the earliest members having arrived ......
  15. Tyrnau S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Manufacturing town of western Hungary. It was the scene of two martyrdoms of Jews: the first, in 1494, when fourteen ......
  16. Tyrol S 2007-12-01 (JE | wp gwp g) Crownland of Austria. The earliest documents referring to its Jews date from thebeginning of the fourteenth century. The statement, found ......
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