Wikipedia:Jewish Encyclopedia topics/V

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Jewish Encyclopedia topics
Directory of articles

A1 - A2 - A3 - A4 - A5 - B1 - B2 - B3 - B4 - C1 - C2 - D1 - D2 - E1 - E2 - F - G1 - G2 - H1 - H2 - H3 - I - J1 - J2 - K - L1 - L2 - M1 - M2 - M3 - N - O - P1 - P2 - Q - R - S1 - S2 - S3 - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

1 to 100[edit]

1 – 20[edit]

  1. Vaez (JE | WP GWP G

) Prominent family of Lisbon, whose foremost members, the four brothers Immanuel, Pedro, Ayres, and Salvador, resided in Portugal as Maranos ......

  1. Albin Valabrègue (JE | WP GWP G

) French dramatist; born at Carpentras, Vaucluse, Dec. 17, 1853. He is one of the most prolific of modern French dramatists, ......

  1. Mardochee-Georges Valabrègue (JE | WP GWP G

) French general; born at Carpentras, Vaucluse, Sept. 20, 1852. He was educated at the Ecole Polytechnique and the Ecole d'Application ......

  1. Valence (JE | WP GWP G

) Chief town of the department of the Drome and former capital of the county of Valentinois in the ancient province ......

  1. Valencia (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of the former kingdom of the same name. During the dominion of the Moors, Valencia had a Jewish community ......

  1. Gabriel Gustav Valentin (JE | WP GWP G

) German physiologist; born at Breslau July, 1810; died at Bern, Switzerland, May 24, 1883. He was educated at the University ......

  1. Valentinois (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See V4: Valence

  1. Samuel ben Judah Valerio (JE | WP GWP G

) Physician and author who lived in the Grecian Archipelago in the second half of the sixteenth century. He wrote the ......

  1. Moses David Vali (Valle) (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian rabbi and physician; born at Padua; died there 1777. He was a cabalistic scholar of repute, and lectured before ......

  1. Valladolid (JE | WP GWP G

) Former residence of the kings of Castile and Spain; noteworthy for the numerous assemblies of the Cortes which were held ......

  1. Isaac Valentine (JE | WP GWP G

) English journalist and communal worker; born in Belgium 1793; died in London 1868; son of the Rev. N. I. Vallentine. ......

  1. Raphael Valls (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish Marano; burned at the stake by the Inquisition at Palma, Majorca, on May 6, 1691, as the "rabbi" of ......

  1. Valuation (JE | WP GWP G

) Estimate of the value of the sacred gifts when a money substitute was required for them. The chief Biblical passage ......

  1. Arminius Vámbéry JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian traveler and Orientalist; born at Duna-Szerdahely, on the island of Schütt, near Presburg, March 19, 1832. He was apprenticed ......

  1. Franz van den Ende (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S1016: Spinoza

  1. Abraham van Oven (JE | WP GWP G

) Physician; died in England 1778; grandson of Samuel Basan, who, fleeing from Spain at the beginning of the eighteenth century, ......

  1. Barnard van Oven (JE | WP GWP G

) English physician and communal worker; born in London 1796; died there July 9, 1860; youngest son of Joshua Van Oven. ......

  1. Joshua van Oven (JE | WP GWP G

) English surgeon and communal worker; born in England 1766; died in Liverpool 1838; son of Abraham Van Oven. He was ......

  1. William van Praagh (JE | WP GWP G

) Pioneer of lipreading for deaf-mutes in England; born in Rotterdam June 11, 1845. Having studied under Dr. Hirsch, who had ......

  1. Samuel van Straalen (JE | WP GWP G

) English Hebraist and librarian; born at Gouda, Holland, 1845; died in London, England, 1902. In 1873 he was appointed Hebrew ......

21 – 40[edit]

  1. Vancouver (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C80: Canada

  1. Vanities (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See I85: Idols

  1. Rahel Varnhagen (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L286: Levin (Robert), Rahel Antonie Friederike

  1. Quintlius Varus (JE | WP GWP G

) Roman governor of Syria 6-4 B.C.; successor of Saturninus. He first became prominent in Jewish history when Herod the Great ......

  1. Vashti (JE | WP GWP G

) The first wife of Ahasuerus; her disobedience and subsequent punishment furnish the theme for the introduction to the story of ......

  1. Vatican Library (JE | WP GWP G

) Papal library; originally housed, with its archives, in the Lateran Palace, where it was enriched, in the course of time, ......

  1. Johann Karl Wilhelm Vatke (JE | WP GWP G

) Christian Hebraist; born March 14, 1806, at Behndorf, Saxony; died in Berlin April 19, 1882. After studying in Halle, Göttingen, ......

  1. Vav (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See W57: Waw

  1. Wilhelm Vázsonyi JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian publicist and deputy; born at Sümegh (Sümeg) 1868. He was educated at Budapest, where his remarkable eloquence made him ......

  1. Del Vecchio (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian family, tracing its descent from the period of the destruction of the Second Temple. Some members of this family ......

  1. Joseph Vecinho (Vizino) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Portuguese court physician and scientist at the end of the fifteenth century. He was a pupil of Abraham Zacuto, under ......

  1. Joseph de la Vega JE (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P174: Penso, Joseph

  1. Judah Vega JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Rabbi and author; flourished in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Vega was the first rabbi of the second synagogue of ......

  1. Vegetarianism (JE | WP GWP G

) The theory according to which it is desirable to sustain the body with vegetables and fruits, and abstain from eating ......

  1. Leo Veigelsberg JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian publicist; born at Nagy-Boldogasszony Jan. 18, 1846; educated at Kis-Körös, Budapest, and Vienna. For a short time he taught ......

  1. Veil (JE | WP GWP G

) A cover for the face; a disguise. From the earliest times it has been a sign of chastity and decency ......

  1. Johannes Veit (JE | WP GWP G

) German painter; born in Berlin 1790; died at Rome 1854. He studied at Vienna and at Rome, where he especially ......

  1. Philipp Veit (JE | WP GWP G

) German portrait- and genre-painter; born Feb. 13, 1793, in Berlin; died Dec. 18, 1877, at Mayence. His father died while ......

  1. Ephraim Veitel (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H538: Heine, Heinrich

  1. Vellum (JE | WP GWP G

) Skins of animals constituted the ancient Oriental writing-material (Herodotus, v. 58; Strabo, xv. 1; Pauly-Wissowa, "Real-Encyc." ii. 944), and the ......

41 – 60[edit]

  1. Vendor and Purchaser (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S71: Sale

  1. Ludwig Venetianer JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian rabbi and writer; born May 19, 1867, at Kecskemet. He studied at the rabbinical seminary and the University of ......

  1. Emmanuel Felix Veneziani (JE | WP GWP G

) French philanthropist; born at Leghorn in 1825; died at Paris Feb. 5, 1889. At an early age he went to ......

  1. Venice (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian city; formerly capital of a republic embracing northeastern Italy and some islands in the Mediterranean. The first Venetian document, ......

  1. Ventura >> Moses Ventura JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Family of rabbis and scholars prominent in Italy and Greece in the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries.Eliezer ben Samuel Ventura: ......

  1. Rubino Ventura (JE | WP GWP G

) Soldier; born at Finale, Modena, 1795; died at Toulouse, France, April 5, 1858. At the age of seventeen he was ......

  1. Mardochée Venture (JE | WP GWP G

) French scholar; flourished at Avignon in the latter part of the eighteenth century. In collaboration with Isaiah Vidal he composed ......

  1. Lope de Vera y Alarcon (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish martyr and knight ("caballero i mui emparentado," as he is designated by a contemporary) of noble family; born about ......

  1. Verband der Vereine für Jüdische Geschichte und Literatur in Deutschland (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See V56: Verein Für Jüdische Geschichte und Literatur

  1. Gregori Leontyevich Verblovski (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian jurist; born in the first quarter of the nineteenth century; died at Moscow 1900. He studied law at the ......

  1. Vercelli (JE | WP GWP G

) City in the compartimento of Piedmont, Italy. The oldest document in existence concerning its Jews is dated Feb. 16, 1446, ......

  1. Verdict (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J691: Judgment

  1. Verdun (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of the department of Meuse, France. Jews resided there from the twelfth century; and among the scholars of the ......

  1. Verein zur Abwehr des Anti-Semitismus (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of two societies for combating anti-Semitism. The first was formed in Berlin toward the end of 1890 by twelve ......

  1. Verein für Cultur und Wissenschaft der Juden (JE | WP GWP G

) Society founded at Berlin (Nov. 27, 1819) by Leopold Zunz, Eduard Gans, and Moses Moser. The objects of the society ......

  1. Verein für Jüdische Geschichte und Literatur (JE | WP GWP G

) Name of societies founded in many German cities since about 1890 for the spread of the study of Jewish history ......

  1. La Vérité Israélite (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Verona (JE | WP GWP G

) Chief city of the Italian province of the same name. As early as the tenth century it numbered Jews among ......

  1. Verse-Division (JE | WP GWP G

) The system of breaking up the Biblical text into verses may seem, both in the original and in the versions, ......

  1. Versicle Themes (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See K184: Ḳerobot

61 – 80[edit]

  1. Elchanan Verveer (JE | WP GWP G

) Dutch painter and vignette-engraver; born at The Hague April 19, 1826. He received instruction from his brother Samuel L. Verveer, ......

  1. Samuel Leonardus Verveer (JE | WP GWP G

) Dutch landscape- and genre-painter; born at The Hague Nov. 30, 1813; died there Jan. 5, 1876. He was a pupil ......

  1. Vesoul (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of the department of Haute-Saône, France. Jews first settled there in the latter part of the thirteenth century, under ......

  1. Vespasian (JE | WP GWP G

) Emperor of Rome from 69 to 79; founder of the Flavian dynasty. The defeat of Cestius Gallus convinced Nero that ......

  1. Sacred Vessels (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See T122: Temple, Administration of

  1. Il Vessillo Israelitico (JE | WP GWP G

) An Italian monthly; the continuation of the "Educatore Israelita" (founded 1853), which, upon the death of its editor Giuseppe Levi ......

  1. Joseph Vészi JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian editor and deputy; born at Arad Nov. 6, 1858. He was educated at the gymnasium of his native town, ......

  1. Victoria, Australia (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A2151: Australia

  1. Victoria, British Columbia (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C80: Canada

  1. Vidal b. Benveniste ibn Labi (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L6: Labi, Joseph ibn

  1. Menahem b. Solomon Meiri Vidal (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See M368: Me'iri, Menahem

  1. Vidal of Tolosa JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish scholar of the latter half of the fourteenth century. He resided in Catalonia, where he prepared his most important ......

  1. Samuel Emanuel Vidal-Naquet (JE | WP GWP G

) French financier; born at Paris Aug. 22, 1859. Educated in his native city, he graduated from the Law Faculty and ......

  1. Elijah b. Moses de Vidas (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See E278: Elijah b. Moses de Vidas

  1. Samuel ben Chabib de Vidas (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish scholar and Bible commentator of the fifteenth century; it is said, but not known with certainty, that he was ......

  1. Vienna (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital of Austria-Hungary. Legend asserts that Jews settled in this city in the remotest antiquity, and it is alleged that ......

  1. Vienne (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the ancient province of Dauphiné, France. Jews dwelt there as early as the tenth century (Gross, "Gallia Judaica," ......

  1. Villefranche (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the mountain district of the department of Rousillon, France; belonged formerly to Aragon. It was founded in 1095, ......

  1. Vine (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See G414: Grape

  1. Vinegar (JE | WP GWP G

) In the Biblical period vinegar was prepared either from wine or from cider, the former variety being termed "ḥomeẓ yayin," ......

81 – 100[edit]

  1. Vineyards (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See G414: Grape

  1. Vinnitsa (Vinitza) (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian town in the government of Podolia; situated on the banks of the Bug. Vinnitsa was founded in the fourteenth ......

  1. Viol (JE | WP GWP G

) Musical instrument; next to the "kinnor," it was the one most used by the Israelites. The Old Testament furnishes no ......

  1. Viper (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S491: Serpent

  1. Virginia (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the Middle Atlantic states and one of the thirteen original states of the United States of America; seceded ......

  1. Original Virtue (JE | WP GWP G

) A term invented by S. Levy as a contrast to the expression "original sin," and designating the specifically Jewish concept ......

  1. Visigoths (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See S992: Spain

  1. Soma Visontai JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Hungarian lawyer and deputy; born at Gyöngyös Nov. 9, 1854; educated at Budapest, where he became an attorney ......

  1. Vita (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H71: Ḥayyim

  1. Vita della Volta (Solomon Chayyim) (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian physician and Hebraist; born Sept. 24, 1772; died March 29, 1853; flourished in Mantua. He was the owner of ......

  1. Vital >> Samuel Vital JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian family, including several scholars, of whom the best known are:Ḥayyim Vital: Cabalist; son of Joseph Vital; born at Safed ......

  1. David b. Solomon Vital ha-Rofe Vital (JE | WP GWP G

) Spanish scholar; emigrated from Spain in the early part of the sixteenth century; died at Arta, or Narda, in Greece, ......

  1. Benjamin Alessandro Vitale (Coen) (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C566: Coen, Benjamin Vitale

  1. Vitebsk (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian city; capital of the government of the same name; situated on both banks of the Düna. .....

  1. Vitoria (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B399: Basque Provinces

  1. Campegius Vitringa (the Elder) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Dutch Christian Hebraist; born at Leeuwarden May 16, 1669; died at Franeker March 31, 1722. He was educated at the ......

  1. Simchah b. Samuel Vitry (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See M75: Maḥzor

  1. Vizhainy (Vizhuny, Vizan, Vizany) (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian town in the government of Suwalki. On Jan. 29, 1723, Moses Yefraimovich, an elder of the Grodno ḳahal, presented ......

  1. Vocalization (JE | WP GWP G

) All Semitic script, excepting Ethiopic and Assyro-Babylonian, the latter of which in its origin is held by many to be ......

  1. Sir Julius Vogel JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Agent-general in London for New Zealand; born in London Feb. 25, 1835; died there March 13, 1899. He was the son ......

101 to 200[edit]

101 – 120[edit]

  1. Hermann Vogelstein (JE | WP GWP G

) German rabbi and historian; born at Pilsen, Bohemia, Jan. 8, 1870. His father was Heinemann Vogelstein, rabbi of Stettin. Vogelstein ......

  1. Voice of Heaven (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See B417: Bat Ḳol

  1. Voice of Israel (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Voice of Jacob (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Void and Voidable Contracts (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See C753: Contract

  1. Volozhin (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian town in the government of Wilna; at the present time (1905) it belongs to Prince ......

  1. Voltaire (JE | WP GWP G

) French poet, historian, and essayist; born at Paris Nov. 21, 1694; died there May 30, 1778. His name was originally ......

  1. Aaron Chai Volterra (JE | WP GWP G

) Liturgical poet of the first half of the eighteenth century; rabbi of the Italian communities in Massa e Carrara. He ......

  1. Meshullam ben Menahem Volterra (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian jeweler of the fifteenth century. He lived in Florence, where he and his father, Menahem ben Aaron Volterra (who ......

  1. Jacob Voorsanger (JE | WP GWP G

) American rabbi; born at Amsterdam, Holland, Nov. 13, 1852. He was educated at the Jewish Theological Seminary of Amsterdam, and ......

  1. Vorarlberg (JE | WP GWP G

) Extreme western district of the Austrian empire. In the Middle Ages it was called "Vor dem Arlberg," and was divided ......

  1. Vorspiel (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See M213: Marriage

  1. Voskhod (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See R479: Russia—Periodicals

  1. Isaac Vossius (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See M126: Manasseh ben Israel

  1. Vows (Nedarim) (JE | WP GWP G

) Promises made under religious sanction. In Talmudic law distinction is made between two ......

  1. Vulgate (JE | WP GWP G

) Latin version of the Bible authorized by the Council of Trent in 1546 as the ......

  1. Vulture (JE | WP GWP G

) The Hebrew terms rendered in one or the other of the English versions by "vulture" are: "da'ah" (Lev. xi. 14) ...... Our article is about bird

Directory of articles

A1 - A2 - A3 - A4 - A5 - B1 - B2 - B3 - B4 - C1 - C2 - D1 - D2 - E1 - E2 - F - G1 - G2 - H1 - H2 - H3 - I - J1 - J2 - K - L1 - L2 - M1 - M2 - M3 - N - O - P1 - P2 - Q - R - S1 - S2 - S3 - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z