Wikipedia:Jewish Encyclopedia topics/Y

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A1 - A2 - A3 - A4 - A5 - B1 - B2 - B3 - B4 - C1 - C2 - D1 - D2 - E1 - E2 - F - G1 - G2 - H1 - H2 - H3 - I - J1 - J2 - K - L1 - L2 - M1 - M2 - M3 - N - O - P1 - P2 - Q - R - S1 - S2 - S3 - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

1 to 100[edit]

1 – 20[edit]

  1. Ya'abetz (Ya'abez) (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See E341: Emden, Jacob Israel ben Ẓebi Ashkenazi

  1. Ya'aleh (JE | WP GWP G

) The introductory hymn prefixed to the seliḥot which follow the evening service proper of the Day of Atonement (comp. Kol ......

  1. Yad S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) A pointer to guide the reading in public of the text of the Sefer Torah. During the reading of the ......

  1. Yadayim (JE | WP GWP G

) Treatise of the Mishnah and the Tosefta, dealing with the uncleanness of the hands and their ablution. It stands eleventh ......

  1. Yah Shimeka (JE | WP GWP G

) Hymn of five long stanzas which forms the introduction to the Ḳaddish before "Bareku" in the morning service of the ......

  1. Yachbi'enu (Yahbi'enu) (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See H998: Ne'ilah (Hymn Tunes, 1)

  1. Yachya (Yahya) DAB >> David ibn Yahya ben Solomon JE, Gedaliah ibn Yahya ben Joseph JE (JE | WP GWP G

) Portuguese family of the Middle Ages, members of which were prominent in Portugal, Spain, Italy, and Turkey. Certain individuals of ......

  1. David b. Abraham bin Ya'ish (JE | WP GWP G

) Representative of the community of Seville and contemporary of Asher b. Jehiel. He was probably a brother of Solomon b. ......

  1. Yarim (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A1095: Alcimus

  1. Abraham Yakini (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A605: Abraham ha-Yakini

  1. Yaqqar ben Samuel ha-Levi I (Yakkar ben Samuel ha-Levi I) (JE | WP GWP G

) German scholar of the eleventh century; lived for a short time in Speyer. He was a pupil of Kalonymus of ......

  1. Yaqqar ben Samuel ha-Levi II (Yakkar ben Samuel ha-Levi I) (JE | WP GWP G

) German scholar and liturgical poet of the second half of the thirteenth ceutury; flourished in Cologneand in Mayence. He was ......

  1. Yalqut (Yalkut) >> Yalkut Shimoni JE (JE | WP GWP G

) A haggadic compilation on the books of the Old Testament. From such older haggadot as were accessible to him, the ......

  1. Yannai (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the third century; father-in-law of Ammi. According to his own statement, he had a grandson of the ......

  1. Yannai (JE | WP GWP G

) First payyeṭan to employ rime and introduce his name in acrostics; flourished, probably in Palestine, in the first half of ......

  1. Yannai (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the first generation (2d and 3d cent.). A genealogical chart found at Jerusalem traced his descent from ......

  1. Yannai ben Ishmael (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the third century; a contemporary of Ze'era and of Abba bar Kahana. There exist a few halakot ......

  1. Yannai the Younger (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the fourth generation; called "the Younger " ("ze'era") to distinguish him from Yannai b. Ishmael. When his ......

  1. Abraham Yarchi (Abraham Yarhi) (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A547: Abraham Ben Nathan

  1. Yarmouth S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Seaport of Norfolk, England. Jews must have resided in this town at an early date. In the Lansdowne MS. under ......

21 – 40[edit]

  1. Yarmuk S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) River of Palestine; its various sources rise in the mountains of Hauran and Jaulan; it flows generally west and empties ......

  1. Yaroslav (Jaroslaw) + (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in Galicia, known as one of the principal seats of the Council of Four Lands. The fair of Yaroslav, ......

  1. Sefer ha-Yashar (JE | WP GWP G

) One of the latest works of the midrashic Haggadah; known also under the titles "Toledot Adam" and "Dibre ha-Yamim be-'Aruk." ......

  1. Yates Pedigree (JE | WP GWP G

) See Samuel and Yates Pedigree. ......

  1. Benjamin Eliakim Yates (JE | WP GWP G

) First minister of the congregation at Liverpool, England; died there 1798. He was the elder son of Eliakim Getz (Goetz) ......

  1. Yawan (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J176: Javan

  1. Year-Book (JE | WP GWP G

) An annual publication that contains not only a calendar and a review of the year, but also articles of literary ......

  1. Yedaya S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A451: Bedersi or Bedaresi, Jedaiah ben Abraham

  1. Yehudai ben Nachman (Yehudai ben Nahman) (JE | WP GWP G

) Gaon of Sura from 760 to 764. After the office of the gaonate was left vacant by the death of ......

  1. Yekaterinoslaf (Yekaterinoslav) (JE | WP GWP G

) Russian city founded in 1787 during the reign of Catherine II.; capital of the government of the same name. It ......

  1. Yelammedenu JE (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See M591: Tanḥuma Midrash

  1. Yelisavetgrad (Elizabethgrad) S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Town in the government of Kherson, Russia. It was founded in 1754, and soon became one of the most important ......

  1. Yemen S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Province comprising the southwestern part of Arabia. Various traditions trace the earliest settlement of Jews in this region back to ......

  1. Solomon b. Menahem Yeurshalmi (JE | WP GWP G

) Scholar of the early part of the sixteenth century. He wrote a commentary on the Book of Ruth which he ......

  1. Yeshibah (Yeshiva) S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) A high school; a rabbinical college. It is the oldest institution of Jewish learning, and ranks higher than the ?eder ......

  1. Yeshu'ah (Jeshuah) ben Elijah Ha-Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) African scholar and, perhaps, liturgical poet; of unknown date. He collected the poems of Judah ha-Levi into a diwan, providing ......

  1. Yeshu'ah (Jeshuah) ben Joseph Ha-Levi (JE | WP GWP G

) Algerian Talmudist of the fifteenth century; born at Tlemçen. In 1467, owing to the massacres of the Jews of Tlemçen ......

  1. Yevreiskaya Biblioteka (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Russia, Periodicals

  1. Yetzer Ha-Ra' (Yezer Ha-Ra, Yetzer Ha-Ra) (JE | WP GWP G

) Evil inclination or impulse, popularly identified with the lusts of the flesh. The idea is derived from Gen. viii. 21: ......

  1. Sefer Yetzirah (Sefer Yezirah) S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) The title of two esoteric books. Of these the older is also called "Hilkot Ye?irah" (Rules of Creation), and is ......

41 – 60[edit]

  1. Yibbum JE S 2005-08-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See L293: Levirate marriage

  1. Yigdal JE S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) The hymn which in the various rituals shares with Adon 'Olam the place of honor at the opening of the ......

  1. Yimlok Adonai (JE | WP GWP G

) The tenth and final verse of Ps. cxlvi., which opens the series of HalleluiahPsalms that conclude the Psalter. The verse ......

  1. Yir'am of Magdiel JE S 2005-08-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Italian Biblical commentator; lived at Rome in the tenth century. Yir'am was styled "of Magdiel " in conformity with the ......

  1. Yishai (Jesse) ben Hezekiah (JE | WP GWP G

) Exilarch of Damascus toward the end of the thirteenth century. He was a very prominent defender of the writings of ......

  1. Yishar Kocheka (Yishar Koheka) (JE | WP GWP G

) A frequent exclamation and expression of thanks. The first part of the formula is derived by Levy and Kohut from ......

  1. Yisrael Nosha' (JE | WP GWP G

) A hymn composed by an early medieval writer named Shephatiah (Zunz, "Literaturgesch." p. 235), and forming the pizmon, or chief ......

  1. Yitzchaq (Yizhak, Isaac) (JE | WP GWP G

) Tanna of the early post-Hadrianic period (2d cent. C.E.); a halakic exegete whose Biblical exegesis mostly belongs to the Mekilta ......

  1. Yitzchaq bar Adda (Yizhak bar Adda) (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of uncertain period. He interpreted Ps. xcii. 13 as meaning that even as the shade of the palm-tree ......

  1. Yitzchaq Ha-Babli (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora. His period is unknown. Two haggadot of his are extant. The king Melchizedek, who went to meet Abraham, ......

  1. Yitzchaq of Carthage (JE | WP GWP G

) In an edition of the Pesiḳta Rabbati by Buber (xiv. 64a) occurs the word V12p613006.jpg, written incorrectly for V12p613007.jpg = ......

  1. Yitzchaq b. Eleazar of Caesarea (Yizhak b. Eleazar of Caesarea) (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the fourth century. He was a teacher of law in the old synagogue of Cæsarea, where he was so loved by pupils and friends that Jacob of ......

  1. Yitzchaq ben Chaqola (Yizhak ben Hakola) (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the third century. He was a contemporary of Joshua ben Levi and Johanan, and belonged to the ......

  1. Yitzchaq ben Chiyya the Scribe (Yizhak ben Hiyya the Scribe) (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the fourth century; contemporary of Mani. He was well known as a scribe, and was the author ......

  1. Yitzchaq bar Joseph (Yizhak bar Joseph) (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the third and fourth centuries. He was a pupil of Abbahu and of Johanan, and transmitted almost ......

  1. Yitzchaq bar Judah (Yizhak bar Judah) (JE | WP GWP G

) Babylonian amora of the fourth century; a junior contemporary of Ulla. He was educated at his father's house in Pumbedita; ......

  1. Yitzchaq of Magdala (Yizhak of Magdala) (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the third century. He engaged in various midrashic controversies. Among them was one with Levi concerning I ......

  1. Yitzchaq ben Maryon (Yizhak ben Maryon (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the third century; contemporary of Eleazar ben Pedat (Yer. Suk. 53a). He transmitted some haggadic maxims in ......

  1. Yitzchaq bar Nachman (Yizhak bar Nahman) (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the third century; a friend of Jacob bar Idi, together with whom he officiated as poor-law commissioner ......

  1. Yitzchaq Nappacha (Yizhak Nappaha) (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the third and fourth centuries. He is found under the name "Nappaḥa" only in the Babylonian Talmud, ......

61 – 80[edit]

  1. Yitzchaq ben Parnak (Yizhak ben Parnak) (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of uncertain period. He is named as the author of an apocryphal work entitled V12p616001.jpg, which describes the ......

  1. Yitzchaq bar Redifa (Yizhak bar Redifa) (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the fourth century; the transmitter of the haggadah of R. Ammi (Lev. R. xii., beginning; Ex. R. ......

  1. Yitzchaq ben Samuel ben Marta (Yizhak ben Samuel ben Marta) (JE | WP GWP G

) Babylonian amora of the third and fourth centuries. He was a pupil of R. Naḥman, to whom he directed questions ......

  1. Yitzchaq ben Tablai (Yizhak ben Tablai) (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the fourth century; a contemporary of Jacob ben Zabdai and Ḥelbo, together with both of whom he ......

  1. Yitzchaq ben Ze'era (Yizhak ben Ze'era) (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the fourth century. He interpreted the word V12p617008.jpg in Ps. xix. 6, in connection with Gen. xviii. ......

  1. Yitzchaq (Yizhak) (JE | WP GWP G

)

  1. Abraham Yitzchaqi (Abraham Yizhaki) (JE | WP GWP G

) Turkish Talmudist; lived at Salonica toward the end of the sixteenth century. He was dayyan under Rabbi Solomon ha-Levi, after ......

  1. Abraham ben David Yitzchaqi (Abraham ben David Yitzchaqi) (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian rabbi and anti-Shabbethaian; born in 1661; died at Jerusalem June 10, 1729; on his mother's side a grandson of ......

  1. Abraham Gabbai Yizidro (Abraham Gabbai Ysidro) (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See G1: Gabbai

  1. Yod S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Tenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet. The name seems to be connected with "yad," meaning "hand"; the Phenician "yod" remotely ......

  1. Yoke (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A910: Agriculture

  1. Ha-Yom (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See P199: Periodicals

  1. Yom Kippur S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See A2093: Atonement, Day of

  1. Yom Kippur Qatan (Yom Kippur Katan) JE (JE | WP GWP G

) The "Minor Day of Atonement"; observed on the day preceding each Rosh Ḥodesh or New-Moon Day, the observance consisting of ......

  1. Yom-Tob ben Abraham Ishbili (JE | WP GWP G

) Famous Talmudic commentator of the first half of the fourteenth century. He received his name from the city of Seville; ......

  1. Yom-Tob ben Isaac of Joigny (JE | WP GWP G

) Tosafist and liturgical poet who suffered martyrdom at York, Eingland, in March, 1190, as has been proved by Grätz ("Gesch." ......

  1. Yoma (JE | WP GWP G

) A treatise in the Mishnah, in the Tosefta, and in both Talmudim, treating of the divineservice on the Day of ......

  1. York S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Capital town of Yorkshire, England, and seat of a metropolitan see. In the Angevin period it was the second city ......

  1. Yosippon S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J473: Joseph ben Gorion

  1. Young Men's Hebrew Association S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Communal institution organized in various cities of the United States for the mental, moral, social, and physical improvement of Jewish ......

81 – 100[edit]

  1. Yotzerot (Yozerot) (JE | WP GWP G

) The collective name for the piyyuṭim introduced in the recitation of the morning service on the festivals and on special ......

  1. Abraham Gabbai Ysidro (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See G1: Gabbai

  1. Yudan (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the fourth century. His name does not occur in the Babylonian Talmud, whereas it is often mentioned ......

  1. Yudan ben Ishmael (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the third century; probably a brother of Yannai ben Ishmael. He solved the question whether instructors in ......

  1. Yudan ben Manasseh (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the third century. One of his halakic maxims has been preserved in the Jerusalem Talmud (Kil. 27a), ......

  1. Yudan ben Simeon (JE | WP GWP G

) Palestinian amora of the third century; a contemporary of Johanan, who in his name transmits a ruling relating to the ......

  1. Yughanites (JE | WP GWP G

) Members of the Jewish sect called "Al-Yudghaniyyah," after the name of its founder, Yudghan or Judah of Hamadan, a disciple ......

  1. Sefer ha-Yuchasin (Sefer ha-Yuhasin) (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See Z7: Zacuto, Abraham

  1. David Levy Yulee S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) American politician; born in St. Thomas, West Indies, in 1811; died in New York city Oct. 10, 1886. He went ......

  1. Samuel Yuly (Samuel Yulee) (JE | WP GWP G

) Moorish envoy to England; born in Mogador, Morocco, at the end of the eighteenth century; died at Portsea, England, in ......

  1. Abu Ya'qub Yusuf ibn Nuch (Abu Ya'kub Yusuf ibn Nuch) (JE | WP GWP G

) -- See J514: Joseph b. Noah ha-Baṣri

  1. Yusuf ibn Teshufin S 2006-02-19 (JE | WP GWP G

) Almoravid king of Spain in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. He was the only Almoravid ruler hostile to the Jews, ......

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