Wikipedia:WikiProject Medicine

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WikiProject Medicine

Welcome to WikiProject Medicine! We discuss, collaborate, and debate anything and everything relating to medicine and health on Wikipedia on our discussion page.
Everyone is welcome to join!
Related Projects
Offline App


An introductory video about how to edit Wikipedia and medicine.
  • Wikipedia is an encyclopedia and has a distinct style that may take some time getting used to.
  • It is important that articles use the best sources and content is given due weight. Different from scientific papers, Wikipedia medical and health content is preferably sourced to secondary sources over primary sources. Citing a review article is preferred over an original trial.
  • To get you started and to explain why this is important here are a number of guides and guidelines:
Reliable Sources (medicine)      Manual of Style (medicine-related articles)
Conflicts of Interest      How to edit
Our guides complement Wikipedia:Policies and guidelines and take great care to explain why they are relevant.
More resources

OOjs UI icon listBullet-ltr.svgTasks
There is also a tool to find all our sub pages here — only for the truly curious

1000 Most Popular articles
(Assessment criteria)

WikiProject Medicine assessment statistics


128 edits SARS-CoV-2 Mu variant
119 edits COVID-19 vaccination in India
118 edits SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant
72 edits Clozapine
66 edits List of common misconceptions
60 edits COVID-19 pandemic in the Republic of Ireland
55 edits Timeline of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United Kingdom (July–December 2021)
55 edits Yinshu
54 edits Arthur Mitchell (physician)
50 edits COVID-19 pandemic in New South Wales

These are the articles that have been edited the most within the last seven days. Last updated 17 September 2021 by HotArticlesBot.

Each month we select a Medical Collaboration of the Month to focus our efforts on. Topics may either relate to medical basic sciences (such as anatomy or biochemistry), or clinical medicine (such as illnesses and surgical procedures). The project aims to improve medicine articles, and to give editors an opportunity to collaborate. Anyone can nominate an article, or vote on nominees at our project page. The collaboration of the month for September 2021 is Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease! Visit its talk page to help coordinate our efforts.

Wikipedia can be a great resource for getting to know a field — and it can give you an encyclopaedic overview of a subject, acting as a spring-board letting you dive deeper. It should however not be used as your only source when performing research, and you should never blindly trust Wikipedia. Over the years a lot of research has been amassed surrounding the reliability and biases of Wikipedia. To see some of the studies that have been produced on the quality and scope of medical information on Wikipedia take a look at some of the research:

Extended content

  1. Aucar, Nahir; Viteri-García, Andrés; Simancas-Racines, Daniel; Franco, Juan Víctor Ariel (2020-03-26). "Transferencia del conocimiento: Cochrane, Wikipedia e iniciativas con estudiantes". Medwave (in Spanish). 20 (2): e7859. doi:10.5867/medwave.2020.02.7859. PMID 32243430.
  2. Smith, Denise A. (2020-02-18). "Situating Wikipedia as a health information resource in various contexts: A scoping review". PLOS One. 15 (2): e0228786. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0228786. PMC 7028268. PMID 32069322.
  1. Willinsky, John M.; Maggio, Lauren A. (December 2019). "Is Medical Education Ready for Universal Open Access to Research?". Journal of Graduate Medical Education. 11 (6): 621–623. doi:10.4300/JGME-D-19-00699.1. PMID 31871557.
  2. Joorabchi, Arash; Doherty, Cailbhe; Dawson, Jennifer (23 December 2019). "'WP2Cochrane', a tool linking Wikipedia to the Cochrane Library: Results of a bibliometric analysis evaluating article quality and importance". Health Informatics Journal: 146045821989271. doi:10.1177/1460458219892711. PMID 31868082.
  3. Lagunes Garcia, Gerardo; Prieto Santamaria, Lucia; Garcia del Valle, Eduardo P.; Zanin, Massimiliano; Menasalvas Ruiz, Ernestina; Rodriguez Gonzalez, Alejandro (2019). Wikipedia Disease Articles: An Analysis of their Content and Evolution. IEEE. doi:10.1109/cbms.2019.00136. ISBN 978-1-7281-2286-1.
  4. Ngo, DH; Truran, D; Kemp, M; Lawley, M; Metke-Jimenez, A (8 Aug 2019). "Can Wikipedia Be Used to Derive an Open Clinical Terminology?". Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. 266 (Digital Health: Changing the Way Healthcare is Conceptualised and Delivered): 136–141. doi:10.3233/SHTI190785. PMID 31397314.
  5. Weiner, Shira Schecter; Horbacewicz, Jill; Rasberry, Lane; Bensinger-Brody, Yocheved (18 March 2019). "Improving the Quality of Consumer Health Information on Wikipedia: Case Series". Journal of Medical Internet Research. 21 (3): e12450. doi:10.2196/12450. PMC 6441860. PMID 30882357.
  6. Jemielniak, D; Masukume, G; Wilamowski, M (18 January 2019). "The Most Influential Medical Journals According to Wikipedia: Quantitative Analysis". Journal of Medical Internet Research. 21 (1): e11429. doi:10.2196/11429. PMC 6356187. PMID 30664451.
  7. Jabaley, Craig S.; Groff, Robert F.; O'Reilly-Shah, Vikas N. (2019-02-15). "Asthma Information Seeking via Wikipedia between 2015 and 2018: Implications for Awareness Promotion". American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 199 (4): 531–533. doi:10.1164/rccm.201809-1649LE. PMID 30521354.
  8. Watad, Abdulla; Watad, Samaa; Mahroum, Naim; Sharif, Kassem; Amital, Howard; Bragazzi, Nicola Luigi; Adawi, Mohammad (2019-02-28). "Forecasting the West Nile Virus in the United States: An Extensive Novel Data Streams–Based Time Series Analysis and Structural Equation Modeling of Related Digital Searching Behavior". JMIR Public Health and Surveillance. 5 (1): e9176. doi:10.2196/publichealth.9176. PMC 6416538. PMID 30601755.
  9. Miles, Randy C.; Baird, Grayson L.; Choi, Paul; Falomo, Eniola; Dibble, Elizabeth H.; Garg, Megha (April 2019). "Readability of Online Patient Educational Materials Related to Breast Lesions Requiring Surgery". Radiology. 291 (1): 112–118. doi:10.1148/radiol.2019182082. PMID 30694156.
  10. Mittermeier, John C.; Roll, Uri; Matthews, Thomas J.; Grenyer, Richard (2019-03-05). Jordano, Pedro (ed.). "A season for all things: Phenological imprints in Wikipedia usage and their relevance to conservation". PLOS Biology. 17 (3): e3000146. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.3000146. PMC 6400330. PMID 30835729.
  11. Weiner, Shira Schecter; Horbacewicz, Jill; Rasberry, Lane; Bensinger-Brody, Yocheved (2019-03-18). "Improving the Quality of Consumer Health Information on Wikipedia: Case Series". Journal of Medical Internet Research. 21 (3): e12450. doi:10.2196/12450. PMC 6441860. PMID 30882357.
  12. Oeberst, Aileen; von der Beck, Ina; Cress, Ulrike; Nestler, Steffen (2019-03-20). "Wikipedia outperforms individuals when it comes to hindsight bias". Psychological Research. doi:10.1007/s00426-019-01165-7. PMID 30895365.
  13. Hutton, Mary O.; Dawson, Jennifer E.; Lee, Kachiu C.; Shumaker, Peter R.; Doney, Elizabeth; Dellavalle, Robert P. (March 2019). "Improving Wikipedia Skin Disease Content". Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 81 (5): 1193–1195. doi:10.1016/j.jaad.2019.03.063. PMID 30928466.
  14. Yun, Jinhyuk; Lee, Sang Hoon; Jeong, Hawoong (Feb 2019). "Early onset of structural inequality in the formation of collaborative knowledge in all Wikimedia projects". Nature Human Behaviour. 3 (2): 155–163. arXiv:1610.06006. doi:10.1038/s41562-018-0488-z. PMID 30944440.
  15. Joshi, Mihir; Verduzco, Rafael; Yogi, Sara; Garcia, Maite; Saxena, Sanskriti; Tackett, Sean; Dexter, Nadine; Dempsey, Angela; Whitaker, Evans; Azzam, Amin (2019). "Wikipedia Editing Courses at Three US Medical Schools in the 2017-2018 Academic Year". MedEdPublish. 8 (2). doi:10.15694/mep.2019.000146.1.
  16. London, Daniel A.; Andelman, Steven M.; Christiano, Anthony V.; Kim, Joung Heon; Hausman, Michael R.; Kim, Jaehon M. (2019-07-01). "Is Wikipedia a complete and accurate source for musculoskeletal anatomy?". Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy. 41 (10): 1187–1192. doi:10.1007/s00276-019-02280-1. PMID 31264001.
  17. Suwannakhan, Athikhun; Casanova-Martínez, Daniel; Yurasakpong, Laphatrada; Montriwat, Punchalee; Meemon, Krai; Limpanuparb, Taweetham (2019-06-24). "The Quality and Readability of English Wikipedia Anatomy Articles". Anatomical Sciences Education. doi:10.1002/ase.1910. PMID 31233658.
  18. Brigo, Francesco; Lattanzi, Simona (2019). "Is it really epilepsy? Accuracy of images and videos conveying epilepsy-related information in Wikipedia". Epilepsy & Behavior. 96: 249–250. doi:10.1016/j.yebeh.2019.04.048. PMID 31130497.
  19. Rigamonti, L.; Dolci, A.; Galetta, F.; Stefanelli, C.; Hughes, M.; Bartsch, M.; Seidelmeier, I.; Bonaventura, K.; Back, D. A. (2019-05-09). "Social media and e-learning use among European exercise science students". Health Promotion International. doi:10.1093/heapro/daz046. PMID 31071200.
  20. {Cite journal|last=Murray|first=Heather|date=2019|title=More than 2 billion pairs of eyeballs: Why aren’t you sharing medical knowledge on Wikipedia?|url= Evidence-Based Medicine|language=en|volume=24|issue=3|pages=90–91|doi=10.1136/bmjebm-2018-111040|issn=2515-446X}}

  1. Apollonio, Dorie E.; Broyde, Keren; Azzam, Amin; De Guia, Michael; Heilman, James; Brock, Tina (2018-11-20). "Pharmacy students can improve access to quality medicines information by editing Wikipedia articles". BMC Medical Education. 18 (1): 265. doi:10.1186/s12909-018-1375-z. PMC 6245851. PMID 30454046.
  2. Meka, Jennifer; Vigliotti, Alyssa (2018). "Should Crowdsourced, Unvetted Content on Wikipedia Be Used in Health Sciences Teaching and Learning?". AMA Journal of Ethics. 20 (11): E1033–1040. doi:10.1001/amajethics.2018.1033. PMID 30499431.
  3. Hunter, Julia Alexandra; Lee, Taehoon; Persaud, Navindra (2 July 2018). "A comparison of the content and primary literature support for online medication information provided by Lexicomp and Wikipedia". Journal of the Medical Library Association. 106 (3): 352–360. doi:10.5195/jmla.2018.256. PMC 6013145. PMID 29962913.
  4. Mietchen, Daniel; Wodak, Shoshana; Wasik, Szymon; Szostak, Natalia; Dessimoz, Christophe (31 May 2018). "Submit a Topic Page to PLOS Computational Biology and Wikipedia". PLOS Computational Biology. 14 (5): e1006137. Bibcode:2018PLSCB..14E6137M. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1006137. PMC 5978877. PMID 29851950.
  5. Holtz, Peter; Fetahu, Besnik; Kimmerle, Joachim (10 May 2018). "Effects of Contributor Experience on the Quality of Health-Related Wikipedia Articles". Journal of Medical Internet Research. 20 (5): e171. doi:10.2196/jmir.9683. PMC 5968213. PMID 29748161.
  6. Antonio Mouriño García, Marcos; Pérez Rodríguez, Roberto; Anido Rifón, Luis (May 2018). "Leveraging Wikipedia knowledge to classify multilingual biomedical documents". Artificial Intelligence in Medicine. 88: 37–57. doi:10.1016/j.artmed.2018.04.007. PMID 29730047.
  7. Modiri, Omeed; Guha, Daipayan; Alotaibi, Naif M.; Ibrahim, George M.; Lipsman, Nir; Fallah, Aria (March 2018). "Readability and quality of wikipedia pages on neurosurgical topics". Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery. 166: 66–70. doi:10.1016/j.clineuro.2018.01.021. PMID 29408776.
  8. Brigo, F.; Lattanzi, S.; Bragazzi, N.; Nardone, R.; Moccia, M.; Lavorgna, L. (February 2018). "Why do people search Wikipedia for information on multiple sclerosis?". Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders. 20: 210–214. doi:10.1016/j.msard.2018.02.001. PMID 29428464.
  9. Brigo, Francesco; Lattanzi, Simona; Giussani, Giorgia; Tassi, Laura; Pietrafusa, Nicola; Galimberti, Carlo Andrea; Nardone, Raffaele; Bragazzi, Nicola Luigi; Mecarelli, Oriano (April 2018). "Italian Wikipedia and epilepsy: An infodemiological study of online information-seeking behavior". Epilepsy & Behavior. 81: 119–122. doi:10.1016/j.yebeh.2018.01.037. PMID 29454607.
  10. Mahroum, Naim; Bragazzi, Nicola Luigi; Sharif, Kassem; Gianfredi, Vincenza; Nucci, Daniele; Rosselli, Roberto; Brigo, Francesco; Adawi, Mohammad; Amital, Howard; Watad, Abdulla (June 2018). "Leveraging Google Trends, Twitter, and Wikipedia to Investigate the Impact of a Celebrityʼs Death From Rheumatoid Arthritis". Journal of Clinical Rheumatology. 24 (4): 188–192. doi:10.1097/RHU.0000000000000692. PMID 29461342.
  11. Tackett, Sean; Gaglani, Shiv; Heilman, James; Azzam, Amin (22 April 2018). "The reCAPTCHA of medical education". Medical Teacher. 41 (5): 598–600. doi:10.1080/0142159X.2018.1460463. PMID 29683009.

  1. Maggio, LA; Willinsky, JM; Steinberg, RM; Mietchen, D; Wass, JL; Dong, T (2017). "Wikipedia as a gateway to biomedical research: The relative distribution and use of citations in the English Wikipedia". PLOS One. 12 (12): e0190046. Bibcode:2017PLoSO..1290046M. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0190046. PMC 5739466. PMID 29267345.
  2. Church, Dawson; Feinstein, David (August 2017). "The Manual Stimulation of Acupuncture Points in the Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Review of Clinical Emotional Freedom Techniques". Medical Acupuncture. 29 (4): 194–205. doi:10.1089/acu.2017.1213. PMC 5580368. PMID 28874920.
    "In the early 2000s, a group of professional skeptics assumed control of the Wikipedia entries on complementary and alternative medicine..."
  3. Shafee, Thomas; Das, Diptanshu; Masukume, Gwinyai; Häggström, Mikael (2017-01-15). "WikiJournal of Medicine, the first Wikipedia-integrated academic journal". WikiJournal of Medicine. 4 (1). doi:10.15347/wjm/2017.001.
  4. Mandler, Michael D. (26 January 2017). "Glaring Chemical Errors Persist for Years on Wikipedia". Journal of Chemical Education. 94 (3): 271–272. Bibcode:2017JChEd..94..271M. doi:10.1021/acs.jchemed.6b00478.
  5. Shafee, Thomas; Mietchen, Daniel; Su, Andrew I. (2017-08-11). "Academics can help shape Wikipedia". Science. 357 (6351): 557–558. Bibcode:2017Sci...357..557S. doi:10.1126/science.aao0462. PMID 28798122. Archived from the original on 2017-10-29.
  6. Shafee, Thomas; Masukume, Gwinyai; Kipersztok, Lisa; Das, Diptanshu; Häggström, Mikael; Heilman, James (2017-10-29). "The evolution of Wikipedia's medical content: past, present and future". Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 71 (10): jech-2016-208601. doi:10.1136/jech-2016-208601. PMC 5847101. PMID 28847845.

  1. Shane-Simpson, Christina; Che, Elizabeth; Brooks, Patricia J. (31 July 2016). "Giving Psychology Away: Implementation of Wikipedia Editing in an Introductory Human Development Course". Psychology Learning & Teaching. 15 (3): 268–293. doi:10.1177/1475725716653081.
  2. James, Richard (2016). "WikiProject Medicine: Creating Credibility in Consumer Health". Journal of Hospital Librarianship. 16 (4): 344–351. doi:10.1080/15323269.2016.1221284.
  3. Azzam, Amin; Bresler, David; Leon, Armando; Maggio, Lauren; Whitaker, Evans; Heilman, James; Orlowitz, Jake; Swisher, Valerie; Rasberry, Lane; Otoide, Kingsley; Trotter, Fred; Ross, Will; McCue, Jack D. (2016). "Why Medical Schools Should Embrace Wikipedia". Academic Medicine. 92 (2): 194–200. doi:10.1097/ACM.0000000000001381. PMID 27627633.
  4. Conell, J (December 2016). "Online information seeking by patients with bipolar disorder: results from an international multisite survey". International Journal of Bipolar Disorders. 4 (1): 17. doi:10.1186/s40345-016-0058-0. PMC 4995194. PMID 27552813. 33% preferred Wikipedia
  5. Back, DA; Behringer, F; Haberstroh, N; Ehlers, JP; Sostmann, K; Peters, H (20 August 2016). "Learning management system and e-learning tools: an experience of medical students' usage and expectations". International Journal of Medical Education. 7: 267–73. doi:10.5116/ijme.57a5.f0f5. PMC 5018353. PMID 27544782. The participants valued lecture notes (73.7%) and Wikipedia (74%) as their most important online sources for knowledge acquisition.
  6. Sebelefsky, C; Voitl, J; Karner, D; Klein, F; Voitl, P; Böck, A (18 August 2016). "Internet use of parents before attending a general pediatric outpatient clinic: does it change their information level and assessment of acute diseases?". BMC Pediatrics. 16: 129. doi:10.1186/s12887-016-0677-8. PMC 4991080. PMID 27538782. Most common online resources utilized for this purpose are websites run by doctors (61.3 %), the outpatient clinic's homepage (56.3 %), Google (40 %), Wikipedia (32.5 %)
  7. Saparova, D; Nolan, NS (January 2016). "Evaluating the appropriateness of electronic information resources for learning". Journal of the Medical Library Association : JMLA. 104 (1): 24–32. doi:10.3163/1536-5050.104.1.004. PMC 4722638. PMID 26807049. Judging by the learning outcomes, all three information resources were found appropriate for learning. (Wikipedia, AccessMedicine, UpToDate)
  8. Torous, J; Franzan, J; O'Connor, R; Mathew, I; Keshavan, M; Kitts, R; Boland, R (December 2015). "Psychiatry Residents' Use of Educational Websites: A Pilot Survey Study". Academic Psychiatry : The Journal of the American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training and the Association for Academic Psychiatry. 39 (6): 630–3. doi:10.1007/s40596-015-0335-8. PMID 26077007. Residents reported utilizing online resources on average 68 % of the time, in comparison to 32 % on average for printed materials. Residents reported UpToDate, PubMed, and Wikipedia as the most visited websites and ranked each highly but for different purposes.
  9. Masukume, Gwinyai; Heilman, James; Häggström, Mikael (24 May 2016). "Why getting medical information from Wikipedia isn't always a bad idea". The Conversation. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
  10. Choi-Lundberg, DL; Low, TF; Patman, P; Turner, P; Sinha, SN (2016). "Medical student preferences for self-directed study resources in gross anatomy". Anatomical Sciences Education. 9 (2): 150–60. doi:10.1002/ase.1549. PMID 26033851.
  11. Kelton (February 2016), Pulse of Online Search Survey: Initial Data (PDF), Makovsky PR, retrieved 25 March 2016

  1. Putman, T.; Burgstaller, S.; Waagmeester, A.; Wu, C.; Su, A. I.; Good, B. (2015). "Centralizing content and distributing labor: a community model for curating the very long tail of microbial genomes". bioRxiv 10.1101/031286.
  2. Mitraka, E.; Waagmeester, A.; Burgstaller-Muehlbacher, S.; Schriml, L. M.; Su, A. I.; Good, B. M. (2015). "Wikidata: A platform for data integration and dissemination for the life sciences and beyond". bioRxiv 10.1101/031971.
  3. Pfundner, Alexander; Schönberg, Tobias; Horn, John; Boyce, Richard D; Samwald, Matthias (5 May 2015). "Utilizing the Wikidata System to Improve the Quality of Medical Content in Wikipedia in Diverse Languages: A Pilot Study". Journal of Medical Internet Research. 17 (5): e110. doi:10.2196/jmir.4163. PMID 25944105.
  4. Nowrouzi, Behdin; Gohar, Basem; Nowrouzi-Kia, Behnam; Garbaczewska, Martyna; Brewster, Keith (April 2015). "An Examination of Scope, Completeness, Credibility, and Readability of Health, Medical, and Nutritional Information on the Internet: A Comparative Study of Wikipedia, WebMD, and the Mayo Clinic Websites". Canadian Journal of Diabetes. 39: S71. doi:10.1016/j.jcjd.2015.01.267. (conference abstract in journal supplement)
  5. Herbert, Verena G; Frings, Andreas; Rehatschek, Herwig; Richard, Gisbert; Leithner, Andreas (2015). "Wikipedia – challenges and new horizons in enhancing medical education". BMC Medical Education. 15 (1): 32. doi:10.1186/s12909-015-0309-2. PMC 4384304. PMID 25879421.
  6. Azer, Samy A. (2015). "Is Wikipedia a reliable learning resource for medical students? Evaluating respiratory topics". Advances in Physiology Education. 39 (1): 5–14. doi:10.1152/advan.00110.2014. PMID 25727464.
  7. Heilman, James M; West, Andrew G (2015). "Wikipedia and Medicine: Quantifying Readership, Editors, and the Significance of Natural Language". Journal of Medical Internet Research. 17 (3): e62. doi:10.2196/jmir.4069. PMC 4376174. PMID 25739399.
  8. Venkatraman, Anand; Kumar, Nilay; Garg, Neetika (February 2015). "Greater freedom of speech on Web 2.0 correlates with dominance of views linking vaccines to autism". Vaccine. 33 (12): 1422–1425. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.01.078. PMID 25665960.
  9. Murray, T. (2 February 2015). "WikiProject Medicine making progress". Canadian Medical Association Journal. 187 (4): 245. doi:10.1503/cmaj.109-4982. PMC 4347770. PMID 25646285.
  10. Brigo, F; Erro, R (18 January 2015). "The readability of the English Wikipedia article on Parkinson's disease". Neurological Sciences. 36 (6): 1045–6. doi:10.1007/s10072-015-2077-5. PMID 25596713.
  11. Brigo, F; Otte, WM; Igwe, SC; Tezzon, F; Nardone, R (16 January 2015). "Clearly written, easily comprehended? The readability of websites providing information on epilepsy". Epilepsy & Behavior. 44C: 35–39. doi:10.1016/j.yebeh.2014.12.029. PMID 25601720.

For older articles see Research publications, or search PubMed: Wikipedia, Wikipedia AND Medicine

Offline Medical Wikipedia is a mobile app providing offline access to Wikipedia's health content. Built on Kiwix and supported by Wiki Project Med Foundation and Wikimedia Switzerland, the app is available for android, iOS, Windows, Mac, and Linux. It is available in several languages. The app includes medicine, anatomy, medication, and sanitation articles.

  • All versions of the app are free and available for download.

A fully offline distribution system known as Internet-in-a-Box is also available. These devices are made from a miniature computer that can be connected to via wifi. All the material that exists on the device can then be accessed. The devices are distributed for the price of the underlying hardware.