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was a USS Arizona Pennsylvania-class battleship built for the United States Navy in the mid-1910s. Commissioned in 1916, the ship remained stateside during World War I. In 1919 the vessel represented American interests in the Mediterranean during the Greco-Turkish War. Several years later, she was transferred to the Pacific Fleet and was assigned to it for the rest of her career. Arizona spent most of her time between the wars training, including participation in the annual Fleet Problems, and aided survivors of the 1933 Long Beach earthquake. In 1940, she joined the Pacific Fleet in its new base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, to deter the Japanese Empire. During the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941, Arizona was bombed, exploded and sunk, killing 1,177 officers and crewmen. The next day, the United States declared war on Japan. Unlike many of the other ships sunk or damaged that day, Arizona was not repaired. Her wreck still lies at the bottom of Pearl Harbor, and is the final resting place for the remains of most of those who died. They are commemorated by the USS which straddles her Arizona Memorial hull. ( ) more...
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43 BC – , widely considered one of Cicero Rome's greatest orators and prose stylists, was assassinated.
1724 – In Toruń, Royal Prussia, Polish authorities the city's mayor and nine other executed Lutheran officials following tensions between Protestants and Catholics.
1815 – , Michel Ney Marshal of France, was executed by a firing squad near Paris' Jardin du Luxembourg for supporting Napoleon.
1972 – The crew of the spacecraft took the photograph " Apollo 17 " The Blue Marble (pictured), the first clear image of an illuminated face of Earth, on their way to the Moon.
2007 – A crane barge that had broken free from a tugboat crashed into an oil tanker near Daesan, South Korea, causing the country's . worst-ever oil spill
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