Wikipedia:Main Page history/2014 March 24

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The obverse of the Kennedy half dollar

The Kennedy half dollar is a fifty cent coin issued by the U.S. Mint. Intended as a memorial to the assassinated President John F. Kennedy, it was authorized by Congress just over a month after his death. Use of existing works by Mint sculptors Gilroy Roberts and Frank Gasparro allowed dies to be prepared quickly, and striking of the new coins began in January 1964. The coins vanished from circulation upon their release in March 1964 due to collectors, hoarders, and those interested in a memento of the late president. Although the Mint greatly increased production, they still failed to circulate. Starting with 1965-dated pieces, the percentage of fine silver was reduced from 90% to 40% (silver clad), but even this change failed to restore the coin to circulation. In 1971, silver was eliminated entirely. A special design for the reverse of the half dollar was issued for the United States Bicentennial and was struck in 1975 and 1976. Even though ample supplies of half dollars are now available, their circulation is extremely limited. Since 2002, Kennedy half dollars have only been struck to satisfy the demand from collectors, and are available at a premium through the Mint. (Full article...)

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A page of a yellowed newspaper that has "Asia-Raya" written at the top in stylized letters, the rest of the page filled with smaller text

Literary works published in Asia Raja, a newspaper in the Dutch East Indies and early Indonesia, were mostly written by Japanese and native contributors, with the latter more active; works by two foreign authors, Rabindranath Tagore and Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, were also published in translation. A total of sixty-nine poems, sixty short stories, and three serials were published in Asia Raja, which was first published on 29 April 1942, months after the Empire of Japan invaded the Indies. Asia Raja was established under the occupation government and intended as a vehicle for pro-Japanese propaganda – including literature. The single most-published writer in Asia Raja was Rosihan Anwar, a recent senior high school graduate, who published seven poems and nine short stories while working for the newspaper. Andjar Asmara, a former film director, published the most serials; both of his serials were based on films he had made before the occupation. (Full list...)

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John Jay

John Jay (1745–1829), an American statesman and judge, in a portrait by Gilbert Stuart. Born into a wealthy family of merchants, he became a lawyer and organized opposition to British rule. During the American Revolution, Jay was an ambassador and Secretary of Foreign Affairs. Later he contributed to the Federalist Papers supporting ratification of the new U.S. Constitution; when it was adopted in 1789, he was made the first Chief Justice, a position he held until elected governor of New York in 1795. He then helped begin the process that emancipated all of the state's slaves.

Painting: Gilbert Stuart

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