Wikipedia:Naming conventions (Cyrillic)
|The following is a proposed Wikipedia policy, guideline, or process. The proposal may still be in development, under discussion, or in the process of gathering consensus for adoption.|
This page documents the current usage of names in the Cyrillic script, and transliteration of those names in Wikipedia. This is not a recommendation. Discuss proposed recommendations at Wikipedia talk:Naming conventions (Cyrillic).
There are many more languages which use the Cyrillic alphabet.
- If a name or word has a conventional English spelling, that is used (see #Conventional names, below)
- In linguistics topics, scholarly transliteration is used
- Otherwise, the conventional transliteration method for a language is used (see below)
- Generally, Cyrillic is provided only where transliteration alone cannot convey the original spelling. Since many of the conventional systems are non-deterministic, this means that very often both the Cyrillic and transliteration are provided in a word's first occurrence in an article.
When no commonly accepted form exists in English
- The BGN/PCGN for Belarusian language system (1979) is to be used.
- The renderings of the Belarusian geographical names in the national Instruction on transliteration of Belarusian geographical names with letters of Latin script (recommended for use by the Working Group on Romanization Systems of the United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names, UNGEGN) may be additionally included, if sufficiently different from the BGN/PCGN version. The suggested form of writing it down, in absence of template would be: ...(BelarusianGeoNameBGNed, IOT2000: BelarusianGeoNameIOT2000ed)...
- Other systems and orthographies, e.g., ISO 9, GOST 1983 and derivatives, Lacinka are not to be used. See also Romanization of Belarusian, Łacinka alphabet
Nursultan Äbishulı Nazarbayev (Kazakh: Нұрсұлтан Әбішұлы Назарбаев [nʊrsʊlˈtɑn æbəʃʊˈlɯ nɑzɑrˈbɑ.jɪf]; Russian: Нурсултан Абишевич Назарбаев [nur.suɫˈtan ɐˈbʲi.ʂɨ.vʲɪt͡ɕ nə.zɐrˈba.jɪf]; born 6 July 1940) is the President of Kazakhstan, having served since before the nation's independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
- There are competing transcription systems. May be written as the Serbian latin spelling, with
- dz for ѕ
- kj or ć for ќ
- gj or đ for ѓ.
See also: Romanization of Macedonian
- Mongolian is transliterated using a modified BGN/PCGN system; details at Wikipedia:Naming conventions (Mongolian).
- Montenegrin Latin spelling is used
- Russian is transliterated using a modified version of the BGN/PCGN romanization of Russian; details at Wikipedia:Romanization of Russian. As in the below example, and following Russian and foreign dictionary practice, stress marks are shown on the Cyrillic name in brackets to aid pronunciation, since stress in Russian is irregular.
- Serbian Latin spelling is used. See also #Alphabets, Gaj's Latin alphabet, romanization of Serbian. Biographies usually use the term "Serbian Cyrillic" since the Latin alphabet is also Serbian. Example from Ivo Andrić:
The Unicode digraph combining n+j is not used in en.wp (nor in Serbian wikipedia) and substituted by normal n and j. The same applies to the digraphs lj and dž.
- Ukrainian is transliterated using the simplified BGN/PCGN romanization of Ukrainian.
- Official Ukrainian place names are defined by the Ukrainian National system of 1996. Details at Wikipedia:Romanization of Ukrainian. See also Ukrainian alphabet, Romanization of Ukrainian, Ukrainian Latin alphabet
- Old Church Slavonic: scientific transliteration would be appropriate in articles about this extinct language
- Modern Church Slavonic
- Non-Slavic languages: as for Russian [what about the extra characters].
See also Romanization of Kyrgyz.
When something has a conventional name in English, use that name instead of transliterating. Conventionally-used names may stem from various sources:
- They may be anglicized versions, e.g., Aleksandr→Alexander, Iosif→Joseph, Moskva→Moscow.
- They may be transliterated by a different system, or for another language, e.g., Rossiya→Rossija, Rus→Rus’, Chaykovskiy→Tchaikovsky.
- They may be simplified, more familiar-looking, or easier to pronounce for English-speakers, e.g., Gorbachyov→Gorbachev, Kray→Krai, Khrushchyov→Khruschev, Yuriy→Yuri.
- They may be names borrowed into Russian from a third language, e.g., Petergof→Peterhof.
There is no recommendation about how to cite Cyrillic bibliographic information. Most Cyrillic materials in libraries of the English-speaking world is catalogued in Library of Congress transliteration. If a reference has an ISBN, then it is easy for a reader to look it up.
General info: Wikipedia:Citing sources.
- REPORT ON THE CURRENT STATUS OF UNITED NATIONS ROMANIZATION SYSTEMS FOR GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES. Compiled by the UNGEGN Working Group on Romanization Systems. Version 4.0, February 2013. Belarusian // Working Group on Romanization Systems
- Чалавек і грамадства: Энцыклапедычны даведнік. Мн: Беларуская Энцыклапедыя, 1998. ISBN 985-11-0108-7
- Wikipedia:Naming conventions (geographic names)
- ISO 9
- Scientific transliteration, or Scholarly transliteration
- Cyrillic alphabets, for language-specific Cyrillic alphabets