Wikipedia:Naming conventions (television)
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When disambiguating articles related to television from other similarly named programs, series, movies, books or terms, use the most appropriate method as described below. Remember that the disambiguator should be added only if multiple articles would normally have the same name. If the title of the television program is the most common usage of the phrase, let it be the title of the article; for example, The Prisoner or Guiding Light.
For guidelines relating to television broadcasting (networks, channels, stations, etc.), see Wikipedia:Naming conventions (broadcasting).
Most episodic television shows (both broadcast and cable) are typically produced under a single name, with each episode relating to the others in an understandable way. Examples:
When disambiguation is required, use (TV series), for example:
For the special case of episodic television known as "miniseries", when disambiguation is required, use: (miniseries) or (serial) according to common usage in the originating country – e.g. Taken (miniseries).
For non-episodic television, use the following when the name conflicts with other uses, rather than "TV series":
- Game shows use (game show)
- Talk shows use (talk show)
- For Television films whose names conflict with other uses, use (film) (see Wikipedia:Naming conventions (films)). For television films whose names conflict with other films, use (year film), where year corresponds to the year in which the film first aired on TV. If additional disambiguation is needed, due to conflict with other films from the same year, use (year TV film).
- For all other programs use (TV program) or (TV programme) according to common usage in the originating country
When there are two or more television productions of the same type and name, use one of the following methods:
- Prefix the country of broadcast – (U.S. TV series), (Canadian TV series), (UK TV series). Generally useful, especially when there are regional versions of the same format/premise.
- Important: Write U.S. with periods, but write UK without periods (full stops) as per WP:NCA.
- Prefix the year of release or progam debut – (1997 TV series). Generally useful when there are multiple programs with the same title within the same region and/or across multiple regions.
- Prefix with "animated" – (animated TV series) – to contrast with a live alternative.
In certain cases, when programs air in the same region within a few years of each other, it may also be advisable to create redirects that disambiguate using a prefix of the television network that the series has aired on (e.g. The Frank Sinatra Show (CBS TV series) for The Frank Sinatra Show (1950 TV series) vs. The Frank Sinatra Show (ABC TV series) for The Frank Sinatra Show (1957 TV series)). Articles, however, should not reside at a title that uses a television network as disambiguation, rather using one of the examples highlighted above.
When the content is presented as multiple related TV series or spans other media formats such as radio, film, video game, or print, then an associated overview page (an article describing and summarizing the items of the franchise) should occupy the primary article title (eg. Star Trek), but may be disambiguated as Series name (franchise) when required.
For an article that describes one season of a television show (possibly containing a section for episode summaries), the article should be named first by the name of the show, and then by the season/series number. Alternatively, if each season is referred to by a distinctive name, that should be used instead.
- 24 (season 1), 24 (season 2), ...
- In Bed with Medinner (series 1), In Bed with Medinner (series 2), ...
- Survivor: Borneo, Survivor: The Australian Outback, ...
A consistent naming scheme should be used for all season articles of a TV show: if one season is named something special, this should be noted through redirects and in the article's WP:LEAD, but the article should be named in the same fashion as the other season pages. For example "The Amazing Race 8" was known as "The Amazing Race: Family Edition", but maintains the naming format as other seasons, the second link being a redirect to the consistently named season page. Navigation to other season pages and to the main show page should be provided by navigation boxes at the bottom of the article, and it is often useful to include preceding and following seasons within the infobox (if one exists) for that season. Redirections should be created for ease of searching by the end user.
If there are multiple shows of the same name, include the disambiguation, similar to the above for TV series in the season description, for example, "The Apprentice (U.S. season 1)" and "The Apprentice (UK series one)". Similar names should continue even if one version of the show has several more seasons than the other; for example, in the case of the above, the U.S. version of The Apprentice has had four more seasons than the UK version, but the naming continues up through all of them, including "The Apprentice (U.S. season 11)". Hatnotes should be used to provide links to the other shows' existing season pages if needed.
For an article created about a single episode, add the series name in parentheses only if there are other articles by the same name.
- Bart the Genius (no other article with that name exists)
- The Sting (Futurama) (to differentiate the episode article from the 1973 film of the same name)
Where an episode title is the same as a character or object from the series which has its own page, disambiguate further using Title (Series episode).
Although editors should avoid preemptive disambiguation, they are encouraged to create extra redirects to help with internal linking and avoid creation of duplicate articles. For example, for the Lost episode, "All the Best Cowboys Have Daddy Issues", one could create the following redirects:
Disambiguation for list articles related to television productions should be used where necessary to make clear which title is being discussed. If the main TV series page title was disambiguated from other entertainment properties (e.g. other TV series, films, novels, etc.), related list pages may or may not need to be further disambiguated, depending on whether other list articles exist. Otherwise, the series title is sufficient.
- NCIS: New Orleans and List of NCIS: New Orleans episodes
- Fargo (TV series) and List of Fargo episodes
- The Flash (1990 TV series) vs. The Flash (2014 TV series) and List of The Flash episodes and List of The Flash characters (as no list articles exist for the 1990 series)
- Scream Queens (2008 TV series) and List of Scream Queens (2008 TV series) episodes vs. Scream Queens (2015 TV series) and List of Scream Queens (2015 TV series) episodes
- Mistresses (U.S. TV series) and List of Mistresses (U.S. TV series) episodes vs. Mistresses (UK TV series) and List of Mistresses (UK TV series) episodes
- List of Oz characters vs. List of Oz (TV series) characters
Articles about television
Articles which relate to general concepts related to television technology, terminology, and industry (but not programming) should use (television).
- Wikipedia:Naming conventions (broadcasting), for additional guidelines relating to television broadcasting (networks, channels, stations, etc.)