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These featured pictures, as scheduled below, appeared as the picture of the day (POTD) on the English Wikipedia's Main Page in the last 30 days.

You can add an automatically updating POTD template to your user page using {{Pic of the day}} (version with blurb) or {{POTD}} (version without blurb). For instructions on how to make custom POTD layouts, see Wikipedia:Picture of the day.Purge server cache


January 16

Wrocław Cathedral

Wrocław Cathedral, or the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist, is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Wrocław and a landmark of the city of Wrocław in Poland. The building, constructed in the Gothic and Neo-Gothic styles, is the fourth church to be built in the location between the 10th and 20th centuries. This photograph of the cathedral's interior shows the choir and sanctuary, looking towards the high altar.

Photograph credit: Diego Delso


January 15

Frances Benjamin Johnston

Frances Benjamin Johnston (January 15, 1864 – May 16, 1952) was an early American photographer and photojournalist whose career lasted for almost half a century. She is most known for her portraits, images of Southern architecture, and various photographic series featuring African Americans and Native Americans at the turn of the 20th century. This 1896 photograph, entitled Self-Portrait (as "New Woman"), depicts Johnston seated in front of a fireplace, holding a cigarette in one hand and a beer stein in the other, in her studio in Washington, D.C.

Photograph credit: Frances Benjamin Johnston; restored by Adam Cuerden

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January 14

Messier 78

Messier 78 (M78) is a reflection nebula in the constellation Orion. It was discovered by French astronomer Pierre Méchain in 1780 and included by Charles Messier in his catalog of comet-like objects that same year. M78 is easily found with a small telescope as a hazy patch and features two stars of tenth and eleventh magnitude, which illuminate the cloud of dust in the nebula and make it visible. This photograph of the nebula was captured by the Wide Field Imager of the MPG/ESO telescope at the European Southern Observatory's La Silla Observatory in Chile.

Photograph credit: Igor Chekalin


January 13

Queen bee

A queen bee is typically an adult, mated female (gyne) that lives in a colony or hive of honey bees. The queen is usually the mother of most, if not all, of the bees in the hive. This close-up photograph shows numerous workers of the East African lowland honey bee surrounding a queen of the European honey bee. The queen bee is marked with a pink dot on the top of its thorax for identification.

Photograph credit: Scott Bauer


January 12

Safety Last! is a 1923 American silent romantic-comedy film starring Harold Lloyd. It includes one of the most famous images from the silent-film era: Lloyd clutching the hands of a large clock as he dangles from the outside of a skyscraper above moving traffic. The film was highly successful and critically hailed, and it cemented Lloyd's status as a major figure in early motion pictures. In 1994, Safety Last! was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". It is one of many works from 1923 that notably entered the public domain in the United States in 2019, the first time any works had done so in 20 years.

Film credit: Fred C. Newmeyer and Sam Taylor


January 11

Oliver Wolcott Jr.

Oliver Wolcott Jr. (January 11, 1760 – June 1, 1833) was the second United States secretary of the treasury under Presidents George Washington and John Adams, a circuit court judge, and the 24th governor of Connecticut. This line engraving of Wolcott was produced around 1902 by the Department of the Treasury's Bureau of Engraving and Printing (BEP) as part of a BEP presentation album of the first 42 secretaries of the treasury.

Engraving credit: Bureau of Engraving and Printing; restored by Andrew Shiva


January 10

Southern rough-winged swallow

The southern rough-winged swallow (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis) is a small member of the swallow family, Hirundinidae. It is native to Central and South America, with some populations being sedentary and others migratory. It occurs in forest clearings and other open areas and nests in holes in walls or banks. This bird, of the subspecies S. r. ruficollis, was photographed in the Pantanal in Brazil.

Photograph credit: Charles James Sharp


January 9

Carrie Chapman Catt

Carrie Chapman Catt (January 9, 1859 – March 9, 1947) was an American women's suffrage leader who campaigned for the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which gave U.S. women the right to vote. One of the best-known women of her time, Catt served as President of the National American Woman Suffrage Association from 1900 to 1904 and again from 1915 to 1920. She founded the International Woman Suffrage Alliance, later named the International Alliance of Women in 1904, and the League of Women Voters in 1920.

Photograph credit: unknown; restored by Adam Cuerden


January 8

POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews

The polychrome wooden vault and bimah of the Gwoździec Synagogue, painstakingly reconstructed in 2014, is the centerpiece of the permanent exhibition at the Polin Museum of the History of Polish Jews in Warsaw, Poland. The original synagogue, built in c. 1640 in what is now the Ukrainian town of Hvizdets, was burnt down in 1941 by Nazi German forces.

Photograph credit: Magdalena Starowieyska, Dariusz Golik


January 7

Flag and seal of Illinois

This historical coat of arms of Illinois is an illustration from State Arms of the Union by Henry Mitchell, published by Louis Prang in 1876. It depicts a bald eagle perched on a rock carrying a shield with the stars and stripes. In the eagle's beak there is a banner with the state motto, "State Sovereignty, National Union."

Illustration credit: Henry Mitchell; restored by Andrew Shiva


January 6

Gliophorus chromolimoneus

Gliophorus chromolimoneus is a species of agaric fungus in the family Hygrophoraceae found in New Zealand and Australia. The yellow fruiting bodies are sticky to the touch, and appear among the leaf litter under Nothofagus, Kunzea ericoides and Leptospermum scoparium trees. These two G. chromolimoneus fruiting bodies were photographed in Ferndale Park in New South Wales, Australia.

Photograph credit: John Harrison


January 5

Umberto Eco

Umberto Eco (5 January 1932 – 19 February 2016) was an Italian medievalist, philosopher, semiotician, cultural critic, political and social commentator, and novelist. In English, he is best known for his popular 1980 novel The Name of the Rose, a historical mystery combining semiotics in fiction with biblical analysis, medieval studies, and literary theory, and Foucault's Pendulum, his 1988 novel that touches on similar themes. This photograph of Eco was taken in 1984, during the period of more than thirty years in which he taught at the University of Bologna.

Photograph credit: Rob Bogaerts


January 4

Geastrum triplex

Geastrum triplex is a species of inedible fungus found growing in the detritus and leaf litter of hardwood forests around the world. It is the largest member of the genus Geastrum, the earthstar fungi, and expanded mature specimens can reach a tip-to-tip length of up to 12 centimetres (4.7 in). This G. triplex fruiting body was photographed in the Royal National Park in New South Wales, Australia.

Photograph credit: John Harrison


January 3

Thin section

In optical mineralogy and petrography, a thin section is a thin slice of a rock, mineral, soil, pottery, bones, or even metal sample, prepared in a laboratory, for use with a polarizing petrographic microscope, electron microscope and electron microprobe. A thin sliver of rock is cut from the sample with a diamond saw and ground optically flat. It is then mounted on a glass slide and then ground smooth using progressively finer abrasive grit until the sample is only 30 micrometres (0.0012 in) thick. This image shows a thin section of Siilinjärvi apatite ore from Finland in cross-polarized transmitted light; the specimen depicted here is approximately 36.6 mm (1.44 in) wide by 20 mm (0.79 in) high.

Photograph credit: Kallerna


January 2

Turkey vulture

The turkey vulture (Cathartes aura) is the most widespread of the New World vultures, with a range extending from southern Canada to the southernmost tip of South America. It feeds primarily on a wide variety of carrion, from small mammals to large herbivores, preferring those recently dead to putrefying carcasses; it rarely kills prey itself. Populations appear to be stable, and it is listed as a least-concern species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. This photograph shows a turkey vulture in flight in Cuba. It employs static soaring flight, in which it flaps its wings infrequently, and takes advantage of rising thermals to stay aloft.

Photograph credit: Charles James Sharp


January 1

Euro sign

The euro sign (€) is the currency symbol used for the euro, the official currency of the eurozone and a few other European countries. The design was presented to the public by the European Commission on 12 December 1996, and consists of a stylized letter E (or epsilon) crossed by two lines instead of one. While the Commission intended the euro sign to be a prescribed glyph, type designers made it clear that they intended instead to adapt the design to be consistent with the typefaces to which the symbol was to be added. Euro banknotes and coins entered into circulation on 1 January 2002, making it the day-to-day operating currency of its original members. This diagram shows the construction of the euro sign as formally specified by the European Commission.

Diagram credit: Erina


December 31

The Tales of Hoffmann

The Tales of Hoffmann is an opéra fantastique by the French composer Jacques Offenbach. The French libretto was written by Jules Barbier, based on three short stories by E. T. A. Hoffmann, the opera's protagonist. It was Offenbach's final work; he died in October 1880, four months before it premiered in Paris. This illustration of the opera's premiere, attributed to Pierre-Auguste Lamy, depicts the Olympia act, based on a portion of Hoffmann's "Der Sandmann".

Illustration credit: Pierre-Auguste Lamy (attributed); restored by Adam Cuerden


December 30

Grass snake

The grass snake (Natrix natrix) is a Eurasian non-venomous colubrid snake that grows to around a metre (3 ft) in length. It is often found near water and feeds almost exclusively on amphibians. Its prey, often common frogs or toads, is caught and swallowed whole. While digesting a large meal, the snake does not travel far, preferring to bask in the sun. Two or three significant food items may supply an individual's needs for the whole season, with the snake finding an underground refuge, not subject to freezing, in which to overwinter. This grass snake was photographed near Storkow in Brandenburg, Germany.

Photograph credit: Andreas Eichler


December 29

Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes

Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes (29 December 1719 – 13 February 1787), was a French statesman and diplomat. He served as the French foreign minister from 1774 during the reign of Louis XVI, notably during the American Revolutionary War. This oil-on-canvas portrait, by the French painter Antoine de Favray, depicts Vergennes in Turkish attire as ambassador to the Ottoman Empire. The painting is in the collection of the Pera Museum in Istanbul.

Painting credit: Antoine de Favray


December 28

Wat Phra Si Rattana Mahathat

Wat Phra Si Rattana Mahathat (Temple of the Great Jewelled Reliquary), colloquially referred to as Wat Phra Si or Wat Yai, is a Buddhist temple (wat) in Phitsanulok Province, Thailand. It is located on the east bank of the Nan River, near Naresuan Bridge. The temple is famous for its gilded statue of the Buddha, shown in this photograph. The statue is considered to be one of the most beautiful and classically magnificent figures of the Buddha in Thailand, and worthy of the highest respect among the Thai people.

Photograph credit: Supanut Arunoprayote


December 27

South-western black rhinoceros

The south-western black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis occidentalis) is a subspecies of the black rhinoceros found primarily in Namibia. The chief threat it faces is from illegal poaching for its valuable horn. It is listed as near threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. The total population is increasing, and numbered 1,920 animals in 2010. This female south-western black rhinoceros was photographed in Etosha National Park, Namibia.

Photograph credit: Charles James Sharp


December 26

Santo Stanislao dei Polacchi

Santo Stanislao dei Polacchi is a Catholic church in Rome, Italy, situated on Via delle Botteghe Oscure in the rione of Sant'Angelo. It is the national church of Poland in Rome and is dedicated to Saint Stanislaus of Szczepanów. The ceiling of its single nave is decorated with this painting by Ermenegildo Costantini, entitled The Glory of Saint Stanislaus.

Painting credit: Ermenegildo Costantini; photographed by Livioandronico


December 25

Melun Diptych

The Melun Diptych is a two-panel oil painting by the French court painter Jean Fouquet (c. 1420–1481) created around 1452. The name of the diptych came from its original home in the Collegiate Church of Notre-Dame in Melun. The left panel depicts Étienne Chevalier with his patron saint Saint Stephen and the right panel, seen here, depicts the Virgin and Christ child. The Madonna wears a blue dress, white mantle and a jewel-encrusted crown. On her lap sits the Christ child, who is making a pointing gesture at the patron and the saint. The two are surrounded by blue and red cherubim, which greatly contrast with the pale skin of the Virgin and Christ child.

Painting credit: Jean Fouquet


December 24

Jenny Nyström

Jenny Nyström (1854–1946) was a Swedish painter and illustrator who is mainly known as the creator of the image of the jultomte used on numerous Christmas cards and magazine covers, thus linking the Swedish version of Santa Claus to the gnomes and tomtar of Scandinavian folklore. This illustration for a Christmas card, depicting three jultomte working, was painted by Nyström around 1899.

Illustration credit: Jenny Nyström, restored by Adam Cuerden


December 23

General George Washington Resigning His Commission

General George Washington Resigning His Commission is a large-scale oil-on-canvas painting by the American artist John Trumbull depicting General George Washington's resignation as the commander-in-chief of the Continental Army on December 23, 1783, to the Congress of the Confederation. The painting now hangs in the United States Capitol rotunda. This engraved vignette, produced for the Bureau of Engraving and Printing, draws heavily on Trumbull's painting, and was used on the reverse of the 1000-dollar denomination of the first issue of National Bank Notes from 1875.

Engraving credit: Luigi (Louis) Delnoce and Frederick Girsch, after John Trumbull; restored by Andrew Shiva


December 22

Scintillant hummingbird

The scintillant hummingbird (Selasphorus scintilla) is a species of hummingbird endemic to Costa Rica and Panama. With a length of 6.5–8 cm (2.6–3.1 in), including the bill, and a weight of around 2 g (0.071 oz), it is one of the smallest known species of bird, marginally larger than the bee hummingbird. This female scintillant hummingbird was photographed in Panama feeding on a flower in the genus Abutilon.

Photograph credit: Charles James Sharp


December 21

"The Raven"

"The Raven" is a narrative poem by the American writer Edgar Allan Poe. This illustration by Édouard Manet was drawn for a French publication, and depicts the narrator half asleep, poring over ancient books at midnight on a drear winter night. He hears a tapping sound, and on investigation finds a raven at the window, which flies into his room and perches on a bust of Pallas Athena. The narrator asks the bird a series of questions, to which the bird replies only "Nevermore". Eventually, the narrator falls into despair and ends with his final admission that his soul is trapped beneath the raven's shadow and shall be lifted "nevermore". Originally published in 1845, the poem was widely popular and made Poe famous, though it did not bring him much financial success. "The Raven" has influenced many modern works and is referenced throughout popular culture in films, television, books, and music.

Illustration credit: Édouard Manet; restored by Lise Broer


December 20

Supreme Court of the United Kingdom

The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom is the final court of appeal in the United Kingdom for all civil cases, as well as for criminal cases originating in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. It also hears cases of the greatest public or constitutional importance affecting the whole population. The court is located in the Middlesex Guildhall on Parliament Square, London; this photograph depicts the interior of Court 1, the largest of the three courtrooms in the building.

Photograph credit: David Iliff


December 19

Common house gecko

The common house gecko (Hemidactylus frenatus) is a species of lizard native to southern and southeastern Asia. The undersides of this mating pair are viewed through the glass of a window. The male has inserted one of his two intromittent organs, the hemipenis, into the cloaca of the female. The adhesive lamellae with setae on the underside of the feet adhere to the glass and allow the reptiles to maintain traction on the smooth surface.

Photograph credit: Basile Morin


December 18

The Contrabandista

The Contrabandista is a two-act comic opera by Arthur Sullivan and F. C. Burnand. It premiered at St. George's Hall in London on 18 December 1867 under the management of Thomas German Reed for a run of 72 performances; this poster was produced to advertise the original production. There were brief revivals in Manchester in 1874 and the United States in 1880. In 1894, it was revised into a new opera, The Chieftain, with a completely different second act. The work was the first of Sullivan's full-length operas to be produced. It was not a great success, with Burnand's libretto coming in for the most criticism, but its music exhibits many of the qualities and techniques that Sullivan would employ in composing his twenty further comic operas, including the famous series of fourteen Gilbert and Sullivan operas produced between 1871 and 1896.

Poster credit: Robert Jacob Hamerton; restored by Adam Cuerden


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