Wikipedia:Picture of the day/Archive

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A monthly archive of Wikipedia's pictures of the day

These featured pictures have previously appeared (or will appear) as picture of the day (POTD) on the Main Page, as scheduled below. You can add the automatically updating picture of the day to your userpage or talk page using {{Pic of the day}} (version with blurb) or {{POTD}} (version without blurb). For instructions on how to make custom POTD layouts, see Wikipedia:Picture of the day.

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September 1 – Sun

British propaganda during World War II
British propaganda during World War II was created by the Ministry of Information, which was recreated for the duration of World War II to generate propaganda to influence the population towards support for the war effort. A wide range of media was employed aimed at local and overseas audiences. Traditional forms such as newspapers and posters were joined by new media including cinema, newsreels and radio. A wide range of themes were addressed, fostering hostility to the enemy, support for allies, and specific pro-war projects such as conserving metal and growing vegetables.

This picture is a British propaganda poster warning against careless talk, which discouraged talking about sensitive material where it could be overheard by spies. The poster, produced by the pseudonymous artist "Whitear", depicts a glamorous woman seated on a bar stool making eye contact with the viewer, representing a conventional glamour spy, accompanied by the text "You forget – but she remembers" and "Careless talk costs lives".Poster credit: "Whitear"

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September 2 – Mon

Pied kingfisher
The pied kingfisher (Ceryle rudis) is a species of water kingfisher that is widely distributed across Africa and Asia. Originally described by Linnaeus in 1758, it has five recognised subspecies. Its black and white plumage and crest, as well as its habit of hovering over clear lakes and rivers before diving for fish, make it distinctive. Males have a double band across the breast, while females have a single gorget that is often broken in the middle. They are usually found in pairs or small family groups. When perched, they often bob their head and flick up their tail. This picture shows a female C. r. leucomelanurus individual.Photograph credit: Charles J. Sharp

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September 3 – Tue

The Entombment
The Entombment is a 1559 oil-on-canvas painting by the Italian artist Titian, commissioned by Philip II of Spain. It depicts the burial of Jesus in a stone sarcophagus, which is decorated with depictions of Cain and Abel and the binding of Isaac. The figure holding Christ's body is Nicodemus, the Jewish elder that secretly visited Jesus at night to learn about his teachings; the figure of Nicodemus bears the traits of the artist himself. This could have been inspired by Michelangelo's idea in his unfinished Deposition from 1550, depicting himself as Nicodemus, supporting the body of Christ, displayed in the cathedral in Florence. The painting exhibits a style under development by Titian at the time, characterized by the use of broad brushwork and brilliant colours. It is now in the permanent collection of the Museo del Prado, Madrid.Painting credit: Titian

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September 4 – Wed

Wells Cathedral
Wells Cathedral is an Anglican cathedral in Wells, Somerset, commenced around 1175; it is predominantly built in the Early English style. This interior view shows the nave, looking towards the altar. The arcade, which takes the same form in the nave, choir and transepts, is distinguished by the richness of both mouldings and carvings. Each pier of the arcade has a surface enrichment of 24 slender shafts in eight groups of three, rising beyond the capitals to form the deeply undulating mouldings of the arches. The capitals themselves are remarkable for the vitality of the stylised foliage, in a style known as "stiff-leaf". The liveliness contrasts with the formality of the moulded shafts and the smooth unbroken areas of ashlar masonry in the spandrels. Each capital is different, and some contain small figures illustrating narratives.

The vault of the nave rises steeply in a simple quadripartite form, in harmony with the nave arcade. The eastern end of the choir was extended and the whole upper part elaborated in the second quarter of the 14th century by William Joy. The choir vault has a multiplicity of ribs in a net-like form, which is very different from that of the nave, and is perhaps a recreation in stone of a local type of compartmented wooden roof of which examples remain from the 15th century, including those at St Cuthbert's Church, Wells. The vaults of the aisles of the choir also have a unique pattern.Photograph credit: David Iliff

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September 5 – Thu

Mammillaria spinosissima
Mammillaria spinosissima, also known as the spiny pincushion cactus, is a species of flowering plant in the cactus family, Cactaceae, endemic to the central Mexican states of Guerrero and Morelos, where they grow at elevations of approximately 1,600 to 1,900 metres (5,200 to 6,200 ft). The species was described in 1838 by James Forbes, gardener of the Duke of Bedford. Botanist David Hunt collected a specimen in 1971, when he located one near Sierra de Tepoztlan, Mexico. The cylindrical and elongated plants grow up to 30 centimetres (12 in) tall and 10 centimetres (3.9 in) wide. They reach full height after five to ten years. The spines are red-brown or white, with cream-colored radials and pink, funnel-shaped flowers that grow in a ring around the apex of the stem to approximately 2 centimetres (0.79 in) long. It grows low to the ground in solitary or in clusters, and its flowers produce generally bright red berries that are club-shaped, smooth, and juicy. This picture shows an M. spinosissima cactus of the 'rubrispina' ('Super Red') variety.Photograph credit: Rationalobserver

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September 6 – Fri

Jane Addams
Jane Addams (September 6, 1860 – May 21, 1935) was an American settlement activist, reformer, social worker, sociologist, public administrator and author. She was a notable figure in the history of social work and women's suffrage in the United States and an advocate for world peace. She co-founded Chicago's Hull House, one of America's most famous settlement houses. In 1910, Addams was awarded an honorary master of arts degree from Yale University, becoming the first woman to receive an honorary degree from the school. In 1920, she was a co-founder for the American Civil Liberties Union. In 1931, she became the first American woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, and is recognized as the founder of the social work profession in the United States. She is increasingly being recognized as a member of the American pragmatist school of philosophy, and is known by many as the first woman "public philosopher in the history of the United States".Photograph credit: Bain News Service; restored by Adam Cuerden

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September 7 – Sat

Cuban peso
The Cuban peso is one of two official currencies in use in Cuba, the other being the convertible peso. Most Cuban state workers receive their wages in national pesos, but some receive a portion of their salary in convertible pesos. Shops that sell basic necessities, such as groceries, generally accept only national pesos, whereas convertible pesos are much more commonplace in "dollar shops", which sell non-essential commodities and goods. The word "peso" may refer to either currency.

This picture shows a five-peso coin, dated 1915, containing on average 8.3592 grams (0.29486 oz) of gold (.900 fine), depicting José Martí on the obverse and the coat of arms of Cuba on the reverse. The coin was engraved by Chief Engraver of the United States Mint Charles E. Barber and struck at the Philadelphia Mint.Coin credit: Charles E. Barber and the Philadelphia Mint; photographed by the National Numismatic Collection

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September 8 – Sun

2017 Atlantic hurricane season
The 2017 Atlantic hurricane season was a hyperactive tropical cyclone season and the costliest on record, with a damage total of at least $282.02 billion (2017 USD). Featuring 17 named storms, 10 hurricanes and 6 major hurricanes, 2017 had the fifth-most named storms since reliable records began in 1851 – tied with 1936 – and the most major hurricanes since 2005. Collectively, the tropical cyclones were responsible for at least 3,364 deaths – the most fatalities in a single season since 2005. Most of the season's damage was due to hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria. Another notable hurricane, Nate, was the worst natural disaster in Costa Rican history. The names Harvey, Irma, Maria and Nate were retired following the season due to the number of deaths and amount of damage they caused. This season is also one of only six years on record to feature multiple Category 5 hurricanes and the only season other than 2007 with two hurricanes making landfall at that intensity. All ten of the season's hurricanes occurred in a row – the greatest number of consecutive hurricanes in the satellite era, and tied for the highest number of consecutive hurricanes ever observed in the Atlantic basin. A hyperactive season, 2017 had the highest accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) since 2005, while a record three hurricanes each had an ACE of over 40: Irma, Jose and Maria.

This picture, taken by the VIIRS instrument on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Suomi NPP satellite on September 8, 2017, shows three hurricanes simultaneously active in the western Atlantic: Katia (left) making landfall in the Mexican state of Veracruz, Irma (center) approaching Cuba, and Jose (right) northeast of the Leeward Islands at peak intensity.Photograph credit: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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September 9 – Mon

Cardinal Richelieu
Cardinal Richelieu (9 September 1585 – 4 December 1642) was a French clergyman and statesman. He was consecrated as a bishop in 1607 and was appointed foreign secretary in 1616. Richelieu soon rose in both the Catholic Church and the French government, becoming a cardinal in 1622 and King Louis XIII's chief minister in 1624. He remained in office until his death in 1642; he was succeeded by Cardinal Mazarin, whose career he had fostered.

This picture is an oil-on-canvas painting by French artist Philippe de Champaigne, entitled Triple Portrait of Cardinal de Richelieu, completed c. 1642. The portrait shows the cardinal from three angles: right profile, face-on, and left profile. Aged nearly 60, he wears a scarlet liturgical skullcap (zucchetto) and cape (mozzetta). Under the broad collar of a white shirt, tied at the neck with a trailing string, is the characteristic blue ribbon of the Order of the Holy Spirit, from which hangs the Maltese cross of the order as a pectoral cross. The painting is now in the collection of the National Gallery, London.Painting credit: Philippe de Champaigne

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September 10 – Tue

European migrant crisis
The European migrant crisis, also known as the refugee crisis, is a period beginning in 2015 characterised by high numbers of people arriving in the European Union from across the Mediterranean Sea or overland through Southeast Europe following Turkey's migrant crisis. It is part of a pattern of increased immigration to Europe from other continents, which began in the mid-20th century and which has encountered resistance in many European countries.

This picture shows Syrian and Iraqi refugees disembarking a boat upon reaching the coastal waters of the island of Lesbos, Greece, after having crossed the Mytilini Strait from Turkey. They are being assisted by volunteer lifeguards, in yellow and red clothes, from Proactiva Open Arms, a Spanish non-governmental organisation.Photograph credit: Georgios Giannopoulos

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September 11 – Wed

Collapse of the World Trade Center
The collapse of the World Trade Center in New York City occurred as a result of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, after the buildings were struck by two hijacked commercial airliners. The North Tower was hit at 8:46 am and collapsed at 10:28 am. The South Tower was hit at 9:03 am and collapsed at 9:59 am. The resulting debris severely damaged or destroyed more than a dozen other adjacent and nearby structures, ultimately leading to the collapse of Seven World Trade Center at 5:21 pm.

This picture, taken four days after the collapse, shows a New York City fireman calling for ten more rescue workers to make their way into the rubble of the World Trade Center.Photograph credit: Preston Keres; retouched by Lise Broer

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September 12 – Thu

Mae Jemison
Mae Jemison (born 1956) is an American engineer, physician and former NASA astronaut. She became the first black woman to travel in space when she served as a mission specialist aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour. Jemison joined NASA's astronaut corps in 1987 and was selected to serve for the STS-47 mission, during which she orbited the Earth for nearly eight days on September 12–20, 1992.

Born in Alabama and raised in Chicago, Jemison graduated from Stanford University with degrees in chemical engineering as well as African and African-American studies. She then earned her medical degree from Cornell University. Jemison was a doctor for the Peace Corps in Liberia and Sierra Leone from 1983 until 1985 and worked as a general practitioner. In pursuit of becoming an astronaut, she applied to NASA. Jemison left NASA in 1993 and founded a technology research company. She later formed a non-profit educational foundation and through the foundation is the principal of the 100 Year Starship project funded by DARPA. Jemison has also written several books for children and appeared on television several times, including in an episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation. She holds several honorary doctorates and has been inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame and the International Space Hall of Fame.

This picture is Jemison's official NASA portrait, taken in 1992, prior to her STS-47 spaceflight; she is depicted in her Launch Entry Suit.Photograph credit: NASA

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September 13 – Fri

Atractomorpha is a genus of grasshopper in the family Pyrgomorphidae, found in Africa, Asia and Australia. The genus name is derived from Greek and means 'spindle-shaped' or 'arrow-shaped', referring to the cone-shaped head found in individuals of the genus. Atractomorpha are active during the day, and their usual habitat is reeds and grasses close to rivers or streams.

This picture shows a grasshopper of the species A. crenulata, commonly known as the tobacco grasshopper, which has a distribution from South Asia to Vietnam.Photograph credit: Chris Woodrich

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September 14 – Sat

Lagu Kenangan
A promotional flyer for Lagu Kenangan ('Song of Memories'), a 1953 Indonesian film directed by L. Inata and produced by Djamaluddin Malik for the Persari Film Corporation. Starring Titien Sumarni and A. N. Alcaff, the film tells the story of a composer, Supardi, who lives with his wife, Surjati, and their two children Janti and Janto. The couple often fight, owing to Supardi's late hours, as he does his best work at night when the children are sleeping. Things escalate to the point that Surjati takes Janti and leaves. This separation nearly ends in divorce, but eventually with the support of their parents, Surjati and Supardi are able to reconcile. The film was one in a long line of commercially oriented ventures which had been produced by the Persari Film Corporation, starting with Sedap Malam in 1950.Flyer credit: Persari Film Corporation; image restored by Chris Woodrich

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September 15 – Sun

St. Jerome in His Study
St. Jerome in His Study is an oil-on-panel painting by the Italian Renaissance master Antonello da Messina, thought to have been completed around 1460 to 1475 during Antonello's Venetian sojourn. The small picture portrays Saint Jerome working in his studio, a room without walls and ceiling seen from a kind of triumphal arch (probably within some church of Aragonese style). As in several other works by the Messinese painter, the main scene is accompanied by a host of details that have points of contact with the contemporary Flemish school: books, animals and objects painted with a taste for detail and "optical truth". The painting is now in the collection of the National Gallery in London.Painting credit: Antonello da Messina

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September 16 – Mon

Iranian toman
The Iranian toman is a superunit of the official currency of Iran, the rial. One toman is equivalent to ten rials. Although the rial is the official currency, Iranians use the toman in everyday life.

This picture shows a ten-toman gold coin dated AH 1314 (c. 1896), depicting Mozaffar ad-Din, shah of the Qajar dynasty, on the obverse.Coin credit: Tehran Mint; photographed by the National Numismatic Collection

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September 17 – Tue

Mount Ararat
Mount Ararat is a snow-capped and dormant compound volcano in the extreme east of Turkey. It consists of two major volcanic cones: Greater Ararat and Little Ararat. Greater Ararat is the highest peak in Turkey and the Armenian plateau, with an elevation of 5,137 m (16,854 ft); Little Ararat's elevation is 3,896 m (12,782 ft). The Ararat massif is about 35 km (22 mi) wide at ground base. The first efforts to reach Ararat's summit were made in the Middle Ages. However, it was not until 1829 when Friedrich Parrot and Khachatur Abovian, accompanied by four others, made the first recorded ascent. Despite the scholarly consensus that the "mountains of Ararat" of the Book of Genesis (8:4) do not refer specifically to Mount Ararat, it has been widely accepted in Christianity as the resting place of Noah's Ark. It is the principal national symbol of Armenia and has been considered a sacred mountain by Armenians. It is featured prominently in Armenian literature and art and is an icon for Armenian irredentism. Along with Noah's Ark, it is depicted on the coat of arms of Armenia.

This picture is a panorama of Mount Ararat and the Ararat Plain as seen from near the city of Artashat, Armenia, showing both Little Ararat (left) and Greater Ararat (right). The historic Khor Virap monastery can be seen in the background on the far left.Photograph credit: Serouj Ourishian

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September 18 – Wed

Aletta Jacobs
Aletta JacobsPhotograph credit: Max Büttinghausen; restored by Adam Cuerden

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September 19 – Thu

Battus polydamas
Gold rim swallowtail butterfly (Battus polydamas jamaicensis). An endemic subspecies at the Green Castle Estate in Jamaica.Photograph credit: Charles J. Sharp

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September 20 – Fri


September 21 – Sat

AutumnPhotograph credit: Dietmar Rabich; retouched by Eric Gaba

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September 22 – Sun


September 23 – Mon


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September 24 – Tue


September 25 – Wed


September 26 – Thu

Saints Cosmas and Damian

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September 27 – Fri


September 28 – Sat


September 29 – Sun


September 30 – Mon


Picture of the day archive

Today is Sunday, September 15, 2019; it is now 16:08 UTC