Wikipedia:Picture of the day/December 2020

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These featured pictures, as scheduled below, have been chosen to appear as the picture of the day (POTD) on the English Wikipedia's Main Page. Individual sections for each day on this page can be linked to with the day number as the anchor name (e.g. [[Wikipedia:Picture of the day/December 2020#1]] for December 1).

You can add an automatically updating POTD template to your user page using {{Pic of the day}} (version with blurb) or {{POTD}} (version without blurb). For instructions on how to make custom POTD layouts, see Wikipedia:Picture of the day.Purge server cache


December 1

Portrait of Cardinal Niccolò Albergati
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The Portrait of Cardinal Niccolò Albergati is an oil on oak painting by early Netherlandish painter Jan van Eyck, dating to the 1430s. The work is of considerable interest to art historians because the preliminary drawing made by the artist survives. This shows an elderly cleric who is visibly ageing, his face seamed with deep lines below the eyes; it is accompanied by notes on the colours to be used in the final painting. Comparison between this drawing and the portrait shows that van Eyck changed several details, such as the depth of the shoulders, the lower curve of the nose, the depth of the mouth and the size of the ear.

The painting hangs at the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, while the drawing is at Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden.

Painting credit: Jan van Eyck


December 2

La favorite

La favorite (The Favourite) is a grand opera in four acts by Gaetano Donizetti to a French-language libretto by Alphonse Royer and Gustave Vaëz, based on the play Le comte de Comminges by Baculard d'Arnaud. The plot revolves about a love triangle involving the King of Castile, Alfonso XI, his mistress Leonora, and her lover Fernando, the story unfolds against the background of the Moorish invasions of Spain and power struggles between church and state. The opera premiered in Paris in 1840, with further performances being staged in England, Italy, the United States and elsewhere. This lithograph shows the frontispiece to the first edition of the vocal score.

Illustration credit: Émile Desmaisons, after François-Gabriel Lépaulle; restored by Adam Cuerden


December 3

Mantled guereza

The Mantled guereza (Colobus guereza) is a species of Old World monkey native to much of West Central and East Africa. Although its colouring is somewhat variable across its range, it has a distinctive pelage which is mostly black, with a white facial disc and long white fringes of silky hair along the sides of its body. The tail is long and ends in a white tuft of variable length. It is a diurnal, mostly arboreal monkey, with groups moving through the canopy feeding mainly on leaves, with some fruits and other food items. This male was photographed in Amora Gedel Park in Ethiopia; it is classified as the subspecies C. g. guereza, the Abyssinian black-and-white colobus.

Photograph credit: Charles J Sharp


December 4

Santa Maria della Vittoria, Rome

Santa Maria della Vittoria, Rome is a Catholic titular church dedicated to the Virgin Mary located in Rome, Italy. Completed in 1620, it is the only structure designed and completed by the early Baroque architect Carlo Maderno. The interior has a single wide nave under a low segmental vault, with three interconnecting side chapels behind arches separated by colossal corinthian pilasters with gilded capitals that support an enriched entablature. Contrasting marble revetments are enriched with white and gilded stucco angels and putti in full relief.

Photograph credit: LivioAndronico


December 5

Martin Van Buren

Martin Van Buren (5 December 1782 – 24 July 1862) was an American statesman who served as the eighth president of the United States from 1837 to 1841. A founder of the Democratic Party, he won the 1836 presidential election with the endorsement of popular outgoing President Andrew Jackson and the organizational strength of his party. He lost his 1840 reelection bid to Whig Party nominee William Henry Harrison, thanks in part to the poor economic conditions surrounding the Panic of 1837, a financial crisis that touched off a major depression.

Design credit: Bureau of Engraving and Printing; restored by Andrew Shiva


December 6

The Day Dream (painting)

The Day Dream is an oil on canvas painting created by the Pre-Raphaelite poet and artist Dante Gabriel Rossetti in 1880. His model was Jane Morris, with whom he had a complex relationship, and who "consumed and obsessed him in paint, poetry, and life". She is shown in this painting in a flowing green silk dress, surrounded by the dark, shady foliage of a sycamore tree. Her book forgotten, she is immersed in her day dreams, while a sprig of honeysuckle dangles from her fingers, perhaps a token of love. The painting is in the collection of the Victoria and Albert Museum.

Painting credit: Dante Gabriel Rossetti


December 7

Seal of Delaware

The Delaware state coat of arms. On the shield, the wheat sheaf, corn cob and ox represent the importance of agriculture to the state's economy, and the blue horizontal stripe refers to the Delaware River. The ship is a symbol of the state's extensive coastal commerce, the farmer with his hoe represents the central role of farming to the state and the militiaman recognizes the crucial role of the citizen-soldier to the maintenance of American liberties. The motto was provided by the Society of the Cincinnati. Delaware ratified the United States Constitution on December 7, 1787, being the first state to do so.

Design credit: Henry Mitchell; restored by Andrew Shiva


December 8

Golden-headed cisticola

The golden-headed cisticola (Cisticola exilis) is a species of warbler in the family Cisticolidae, found in Asia and Australia. An unobtrusive bird, it forages for invertebrates, such as insects and small slugs, near the ground, but supplements its diet with grass seeds. Both sexes construct the rounded nest with a side entrance in a grass tussock or among tangled herbage. Built of green leaves and fine grasses and lined with soft plant down, it is stitched together with cobweb silk and camouflaged on the outside with further herbage. The female incubates the eggs and the male drives off intruders, but despite this concealment and care, only 32% of the eggs successfully hatch.

Photograph credit: JJ Harrison


December 9

Wat Arun

Wat Arun is a Buddhist temple in Bangkok Yai District of Bangkok, Thailand. The temple derives its name from the Hindu god Aruṇa. This photograph shows the sculptures of two mythical giant demons, Thotsakan (the green-skinned one) and Sahatsadecha (the white one). They are guarding the eastern gate of the ubosot, a building designated for the performance of upasampadā, the Buddhist ordination ritual, and other ritual ceremonies. The entrance of the ordination hall has a roof with a central spire, decorated in coloured ceramic and stucco sheathed in coloured china.

Photograph credit: BerryJ


December 10

Lies Noor

Lies Noor (c. 1938 – 14 March 1961) was an Indonesian actress.

Photograph credit: Djakartawood Studio, Semarang; restored by Chris Woodrich


December 11

Bernina railway

The Bernina railway is a single-track metre-gauge railway line forming part of the Rhaetian Railway. It links the spa resort of St. Moritz, in the canton of Graubünden, Switzerland, with the town of Tirano, in the Province of Sondrio, Italy. The photograph, which is annotated, shows a train near the top of the Bernina Pass at an elevation of over 2,100 metres (7,000 ft). The two ABe 4/4 multiple units have excess power with only two passenger cars, so some freight is carried along at the rear of the train.

Photograph credit: David Gubler


December 12

Rory Kennedy

Rory Kennedy (born December 12, 1968) is an American documentary filmmaker and youngest child of U.S. Senator Robert Kennedy and Ethel Skakel.

Photograph credit: Lyndie Benson

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December 13

1862 gold mohur, minted in the reign of Victoria
1835 gold two mohur, minted in the reign of William IV

The mohur is a gold coin that was formerly minted by several governments, including British India. It was usually equivalent in value to fifteen silver rupees. Gold mohurs issued by the British East India Company or the British Crown are valuable collector items and sell in auctions for high prices. The double mohur (minted between 1835 and 1918) with a value of 30 rupees is the highest denomination circulating coin issued till date. An 1835 double mohur was sold at a Bangalore auction in 2012 for Rs. 11.5 lakhs making it the highest ever coin bid in India.

The coins shown here are in the collection of the National Numismatic Collection at the National Museum of American History.

Design and engraving credit: East India Company and Calcutta Mint; photographed by Andrew Shiva


December 14

Charles IV of Spain

Charles IV of Spain was King of Spain and the Spanish Empire from 14 December 1788, until 19 March 1808.

Painting credit: Francisco Goya

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December 15

The featured picture for this day has not yet been chosen.
In general, pictures of the day are scheduled in order of promotion to featured status. See Wikipedia:Picture of the day/Guidelines for full guidelines.

December 16

Camille Saint-Saëns

Camille Saint-Saëns (9 October 1835 – 16 December 1921) was a French composer, organist, conductor and pianist of the Romantic era.

Photograph credit: Pierre Petit; restored by Adam Cuerden

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December 17

Chelsea Manning

Chelsea Manning (born December 17, 1987)

Photograph credit: Tim Travers Hawkins


December 18

The featured picture for this day has not yet been chosen.
In general, pictures of the day are scheduled in order of promotion to featured status. See Wikipedia:Picture of the day/Guidelines for full guidelines.

December 19

NGC 6357

NGC 6357

Photograph credit: NASA


December 20

Violet-backed starling

Violet-backed starling (Cinnyricinclus leucogaster verreauxi) male drinking in Damaraland, Namibia

photograph by Charlesjsharp

Recently featured:

December 21

Anne Vallayer-Coster

Anne Vallayer-Coster (21 December 1744 – 28 February 1818) was an 18th-century French painter best known for her still lifes.

Painting credit: Alexander Roslin

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December 22

The featured picture for this day has not yet been chosen.
In general, pictures of the day are scheduled in order of promotion to featured status. See Wikipedia:Picture of the day/Guidelines for full guidelines.

December 23

The featured picture for this day has not yet been chosen.
In general, pictures of the day are scheduled in order of promotion to featured status. See Wikipedia:Picture of the day/Guidelines for full guidelines.

December 24

Recently featured:

December 25

Pope Pius VI

Pope Pius VI (25 December 1717 – 29 August 1799)

Painting credit: Pompeo Batoni

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December 26

Arg e Bam

The Arg e Bam, in Kerman Province in southeastern Iran, is the largest adobe building in the world and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The ancient citadel has a history dating back around 2,000 years, to the Parthian Empire (248 BC–224 AD), but most buildings were built during the Safavid dynasty. A devastating earthquake on 26 December 2003 largely devastated the fortress and the nearby modern city of Bam. The citadel, including the governor’s residence, the main tower, the Four Seasons Palace and the hammam, were nearly totally destroyed.

Photograph credit: Diego Delso

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December 27

The featured picture for this day has not yet been chosen.
In general, pictures of the day are scheduled in order of promotion to featured status. See Wikipedia:Picture of the day/Guidelines for full guidelines.

December 28

Thomas Ewing

Thomas Ewing (December 28, 1789 – October 26, 1871)

This picture is a line engraving of Ewing, produced around 1902 by the Department of the Treasury's Bureau of Engraving and Printing (BEP), as part of a BEP presentation album of the first 42 secretaries of the treasury, which was reportedly presented to Secretary Lyman J. Gage.

Engraving credit: Bureau of Engraving and Printing; restored by Andrew Shiva

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December 29

Wounded Knee Massacre

Corpses wrapped in blankets, three weeks after the Wounded Knee Massacre, which took place near Wounded Knee Creek, South Dakota, United States, on December 29, 1890. In what was supposed to be a peaceful transport operation, troops of the 7th Cavalry and contingent of Miniconjou and Hunkpapa Sioux (Lakotas) engaged in battle, resulting in the deaths of 146 Lakotas and 25 troopers.

Photograph: Trager & Kuhn, Chadron, Nebraska; Restoration: Lise Broer

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December 30

Llama

The llama (Lama glama) is a domesticated South American camelid, widely used as a meat and pack animal by Andean cultures since the Pre-Columbian era. A full-grown llama can reach a height of 1.7 to 1.8 m (5 ft 7 in to 5 ft 11 in) at the top of the head, and can weigh between 130 and 200 kg (290 and 440 lb). At birth, a baby llama (called a cria) can weigh between 9 and 14 kg (20 and 31 lb). Llamas typically live for 15 to 25 years, with some individuals surviving 30 years or more.

This picture shows a dam and her cria at Laguna Colorada, Eduardo Avaroa Andean Fauna National Reserve, Bolivia.

Photograph credit: kallerna

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December 31

The featured picture for this day has not yet been chosen.
In general, pictures of the day are scheduled in order of promotion to featured status. See Wikipedia:Picture of the day/Guidelines for full guidelines.

Picture of the day archive

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