Polistes dominula, a species of paper wasp, a type of wasp that gathers fibers from dead wood and plant stems, which they mix with saliva, and use to construct water-resistant nests that appear to be made of gray or brown papery material. The nests of most true paper wasps are characterized by having open combs with cells for brood rearing, and a petiole, or constricted stalk, that anchors the nest.Photo credit: Joaquim Alves Gaspar
A 19th century cartoon from Punch showing men's and children's sea bathingswimsuits of the time. The caption reads, "Now then, Mossoo, your Form is of the Manliest Beauty, and you are altogether a most attractive Object; but you've stood there long enough. So jump in and have done with it!" Although swimwear from that era was quite modest, it was very common for men to swim naked when away from women in the UK.Image credit: George du Maurier
A table d'hôtemenu from 1893. A table d'hôte meal, literally "host's table" in French, is a multi-course meal with only a few choices, which is charged at a fixed price. The phrase originally meant literally a particular table, "a common table for guests at a hotel or eating-house". The meaning transferred thence to "a public meal served (at a common table) at a stated hour and at a fixed price". Eventually, the elements required for a meal where guests eat together, that is, at the same table at the same time, fell away so that the phrase persisted where only the fixed price element remained.
This menu was from a dinner given in honor of the conductorWalter Damrosch, whose autograph can be seen in the lower left.
A portrait of naturalist Charles Darwin in his old age, from the Victorian photography studio Elliott & Fry. By his final years Darwin's fame had spread far and wide, as had his image—always with his iconic beard—in the form of carte de visite and cabinet card photographs. This portrait is from a photography session at Darwin's home, Down House, in 1879. It is one of the most widely distributed images of Darwin: it was issued by Elliott & Fry on heavy card stock around 1880 and subsequently reproduced on postcards, cigarette cards, commemorative stamps, and other memorabilia.Photo credit: Elliott & Fry
Hilda Clark, shown here in an 1890s advertisement for Coca-Cola, was an American model and actress. She was born in 1872 in Leavenworth, Kansas, and moved east to Boston to become a popular music hall songstress and actress. However, Clark became famous as a model in 1895 when she became the first woman to be featured on a tin Coca-Cola tray. She remained the advertising "face" of Coca-Cola until February 1903.Image credit: The Coca-Cola Company
A Leucanthemum paludosum flower, one of the about 70 species of plants in the Leucanthemumgenus. The name derives from the Greek words leukos, "white," and anthemon, "flower". It occurs in Europe, Northern Africa and the temperate regions of Asia. Many species have been introduced into America, Australia and New Zealand.Photo credit: Laitche
Harriet Tubman at age 91. Tubman was an African-Americanabolitionist, humanitarian, and Union spy during the U.S. Civil War. After escaping from slavery, into which she was born, she made thirteen missions to rescue over seventy slaves using the network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the Underground Railroad. The first woman to lead an armed expedition in the war, she guided the raid on the Combahee River, which liberated more than seven hundred slaves. Tubman, widely known and well-respected while she was alive, became an American icon in the years after her death. She inspired generations of African Americans struggling for equality and civil rights; she was praised by leaders across the political spectrum.
Ever since vaccines were invented, there has been vaccine controversy, which is dispute over the morality, ethics, effectiveness, or safety of vaccination. This cartoon from 1802, entitled The Cow-Pock—or—the Wonderful Effects of the New Inoculation! mocks the rumour that cowpox vaccine would cause cow-like appendages to emerge.Image credit: James Gillray
An assassin bug belonging to the Reduviidae family of insects. A predatory insect so named because of its tendency to wait in ambush for its prey, the assassin bug uses its long rostrum to inject a lethal saliva that liquefies the internal structures of the prey, which are then sucked out.Photo credit: Fir0002