British propaganda during World War II was created by the Ministry of Information, which was recreated for the duration of World War II to generate propaganda to influence the population towards support for the war effort. A wide range of media was employed aimed at local and overseas audiences. Traditional forms such as newspapers and posters were joined by new media including cinema, newsreels and radio. A wide range of themes were addressed, fostering hostility to the enemy, support for allies, and specific pro-war projects such as conserving metal and growing vegetables.
This picture is a British propaganda poster warning against careless talk, which discouraged talking about sensitive material where it could be overheard by spies. The poster, produced by the pseudonymous artist "Whitear", depicts a glamorous woman seated on a bar stool making eye contact with the viewer, representing a conventional glamour spy, accompanied by the text "You forget – but she remembers" and "Careless talk costs lives".Poster credit: "Whitear"
The pied kingfisher (Ceryle rudis) is a species of water kingfisher that is widely distributed across Africa and Asia. Originally described by Linnaeus in 1758, it has five recognised subspecies. Its black and white plumage and crest, as well as its habit of hovering over clear lakes and rivers before diving for fish, make it distinctive. Males have a double band across the breast, while females have a single gorget that is often broken in the middle. They are usually found in pairs or small family groups. When perched, they often bob their head and flick up their tail. This picture shows a female C. r. leucomelanurus individual.Photograph credit: Charles J. Sharp
The Entombment is a 1559 oil-on-canvas painting by the Italian artist Titian, commissioned by Philip II of Spain. It depicts the burial of Jesus in a stone sarcophagus, which is decorated with depictions of Cain and Abel and the binding of Isaac. The figure holding Christ's body is Nicodemus, the Jewish elder that secretly visited Jesus at night to learn about his teachings; the figure of Nicodemus bears the traits of the artist himself. This could have been inspired by Michelangelo's idea in his unfinished Deposition from 1550, depicting himself as Nicodemus, supporting the body of Christ, displayed in the cathedral in Florence. The painting exhibits a style under development by Titian at the time, characterized by the use of broad brushwork and brilliant colours. It is now in the permanent collection of the Museo del Prado, Madrid.Painting credit: Titian
Wells Cathedral is an Anglican cathedral in Wells, Somerset, commenced around 1175; it is predominantly built in the Early English style. This interior view shows the nave, looking towards the altar. The arcade, which takes the same form in the nave, choir and transepts, is distinguished by the richness of both mouldings and carvings. Each pier of the arcade has a surface enrichment of 24 slender shafts in eight groups of three, rising beyond the capitals to form the deeply undulating mouldings of the arches. The capitals themselves are remarkable for the vitality of the stylised foliage, in a style known as "stiff-leaf". The liveliness contrasts with the formality of the moulded shafts and the smooth unbroken areas of ashlar masonry in the spandrels. Each capital is different, and some contain small figures illustrating narratives.
The vault of the nave rises steeply in a simple quadripartite form, in harmony with the nave arcade. The eastern end of the choir was extended and the whole upper part elaborated in the second quarter of the 14th century by William Joy. The choir vault has a multiplicity of ribs in a net-like form, which is very different from that of the nave, and is perhaps a recreation in stone of a local type of compartmented wooden roof of which examples remain from the 15th century, including those at St Cuthbert's Church, Wells. The vaults of the aisles of the choir also have a unique pattern.Photograph credit: David Iliff
Mammillaria spinosissima, also known as the spiny pincushion cactus, is a species of flowering plant in the cactus family, Cactaceae, endemic to the central Mexican states of Guerrero and Morelos, where they grow at elevations of approximately 1,600 to 1,900 metres (5,200 to 6,200 ft). The species was described in 1838 by James Forbes, gardener of the Duke of Bedford. Botanist David Hunt collected a specimen in 1971, when he located one near Sierra de Tepoztlan, Mexico. The cylindrical and elongated plants grow up to 30 centimetres (12 in) tall and 10 centimetres (3.9 in) wide. They reach full height after five to ten years. The spines are red-brown or white, with cream-colored radials and pink, funnel-shaped flowers that grow in a ring around the apex of the stem to approximately 2 centimetres (0.79 in) long. It grows low to the ground in solitary or in clusters, and its flowers produce generally bright red berries that are club-shaped, smooth, and juicy. This picture shows an M. spinosissima cactus of the 'rubrispina' ('Super Red') variety.Photograph credit: Rationalobserver
The Cuban peso is one of two official currencies in use in Cuba, the other being the convertible peso. Most Cuban state workers receive their wages in national pesos, but some receive a portion of their salary in convertible pesos. Shops that sell basic necessities, such as groceries, generally accept only national pesos, whereas convertible pesos are much more commonplace in "dollar shops", which sell non-essential commodities and goods. The word "peso" may refer to either currency.
The 2017 Atlantic hurricane season was a hyperactive tropical cyclone season and the costliest on record, with a damage total of at least $282.02 billion (2017 USD). Featuring 17 named storms, 10 hurricanes and 6 major hurricanes, 2017 had the fifth-most named storms since reliable records began in 1851 – tied with 1936 – and the most major hurricanes since 2005. Collectively, the tropical cyclones were responsible for at least 3,364 deaths – the most fatalities in a single season since 2005. Most of the season's damage was due to hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria. Another notable hurricane, Nate, was the worst natural disaster in Costa Rican history. The names Harvey, Irma, Maria and Nate were retired following the season due to the number of deaths and amount of damage they caused. This season is also one of only six years on record to feature multiple Category 5 hurricanes and the only season other than 2007 with two hurricanes making landfall at that intensity. All ten of the season's hurricanes occurred in a row – the greatest number of consecutive hurricanes in the satellite era, and tied for the highest number of consecutive hurricanes ever observed in the Atlantic basin. A hyperactive season, 2017 had the highest accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) since 2005, while a record three hurricanes each had an ACE of over 40: Irma, Jose and Maria.
Cardinal Richelieu (9 September 1585 – 4 December 1642) was a French clergyman and statesman. He was consecrated as a bishop in 1607 and was appointed foreign secretary in 1616. Richelieu soon rose in both the Catholic Church and the French government, becoming a cardinal in 1622 and King Louis XIII's chief minister in 1624. He remained in office until his death in 1642; he was succeeded by Cardinal Mazarin, whose career he had fostered.
This picture, taken four days after the collapse, shows a New York City fireman calling for ten more rescue workers to make their way into the rubble of the World Trade Center.Photograph credit: Preston Keres; retouched by Lise Broer
Mae Jemison (born 1956) is an American engineer, physician and former NASA astronaut. She became the first black woman to travel in space when she served as a mission specialist aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour. Jemison joined NASA's astronaut corps in 1987 and was selected to serve for the STS-47 mission, during which she orbited the Earth for nearly eight days on September 12–20, 1992.
Atractomorpha is a genus of grasshopper in the family Pyrgomorphidae, found in Africa, Asia and Australia. The genus name is derived from Greek and means 'spindle-shaped' or 'arrow-shaped', referring to the cone-shaped head found in individuals of the genus. Atractomorpha are active during the day, and their usual habitat is reeds and grasses close to rivers or streams.
This picture shows a grasshopper of the species A. crenulata, commonly known as the tobacco grasshopper, which has a distribution from South Asia to Vietnam.Photograph credit: Chris Woodrich
A promotional flyer for Lagu Kenangan ('Song of Memories'), a 1953 Indonesian film directed by L. Inata and produced by Djamaluddin Malik for the Persari Film Corporation. Starring Titien Sumarni and A. N. Alcaff, the film tells the story of a composer, Supardi, who lives with his wife, Surjati, and their two children Janti and Janto. The couple often fight, owing to Supardi's late hours, as he does his best work at night when the children are sleeping. Things escalate to the point that Surjati takes Janti and leaves. This separation nearly ends in divorce, but eventually with the support of their parents, Surjati and Supardi are able to reconcile. The film was one in a long line of commercially oriented ventures which had been produced by the Persari Film Corporation, starting with Sedap Malam in 1950.Flyer credit: Persari Film Corporation; image restored by Chris Woodrich
St. Jerome in His Study is an oil-on-panel painting by the Italian Renaissance master Antonello da Messina, thought to have been completed around 1460 to 1475 during Antonello's Venetian sojourn. The small picture portrays Saint Jerome working in his studio, a room without walls and ceiling seen from a kind of triumphal arch (probably within some church of Aragonese style). As in several other works by the Messinese painter, the main scene is accompanied by a host of details that have points of contact with the contemporary Flemish school: books, animals and objects painted with a taste for detail and "optical truth". The painting is now in the collection of the National Gallery in London.Painting credit: Antonello da Messina
This picture is a panorama of Mount Ararat and the Ararat Plain as seen from near the city of Artashat, Armenia, showing both Little Ararat (left) and Greater Ararat (right). The historic Khor Virap monastery can be seen in the background on the far left.Photograph credit: Serouj Ourishian
Aletta Jacobs (1854–1929) was a Dutch physician and women's suffrage activist. Jacobs strove throughout her life to change laws that limited women's access to equality, starting in 1883 with an unsuccessful court challenge and eventually achieving success 100 years ago today, on 18 September 1919, with the signing of a suffrage bill into law. She is also noted for founding the world's first birth control clinic, in 1882. As a child Jacobs yearned to become a doctor like her father and, despite existing barriers, she fought to gain entry to higher education and became the first woman officially to attend a Dutch university, and one of the first female physicians in the Netherlands. Providing medical services to women and children, she grew concerned over the health of working women, and although she continued to practice medicine until 1903, she increasingly turned her attention to activism with a view to improving women's lives. In addition to her suffrage work she led campaigns aimed at deregulating prostitution, improving women's working conditions, and promoting peace.Photograph credit: Max Büttinghausen; restored by Adam Cuerden
Battus polydamas, also known as the gold rim swallowtail, the Polydamas swallowtail or the tailless swallowtail, is a species of butterfly in the family Papilionidae, found in the neotropic ecozone of South America, the southeastern U.S. and Mexico. The species was first described by Carl Linnaeus in his 10th edition of Systema Naturae, published in 1758. Its wingspan is 90 to 120 mm (3.5 to 4.7 in) without the tail. The oversides of the wings are black, with a broad submarginal band formed by large yellow spots. The undersides of the forewings have the same pattern, while the hindwings have a submarginal row of red lunules. The larvae feed on Aristolochia plant species.
This picture shows the underside of a B. p. jamaicensis butterfly, a subspecies endemic to Jamaica.Photograph credit: Charles J. Sharp
The Kiss is an oil-on-canvas painting with added gold leaf, silver and platinum by Austrian Symbolist painter Gustav Klimt. It was painted at some point in 1907 and 1908, during the height of what scholars call Klimt's "Golden Period". The painting depicts a couple embracing each other, their bodies entwined in elaborate beautiful robes decorated in a style influenced by the contemporary Art Nouveau style and the organic forms of the earlier Arts and Crafts movement. Despite an ongoing controversy regarding Klimt's three-part Vienna Ceiling series, which was criticized as pornographic, The Kiss was enthusiastically received and was purchased, still unfinished, by the Austrian government when it was put on public exhibition. The painting is considered by scholars to be a masterpiece of Vienna Secession. It now hangs in the Österreichische Galerie Belvedere museum in the Belvedere, Vienna.Painting credit: Gustav Klimt
Dried bark strips, bark powder and dried flowers of the small tree Cinnamomum verum. Native to Sri Lanka, C. verum, also known as true cinnamon, is an evergreen of the family Lauraceae. The tree's inner bark is used to make the spice cinnamon, although most of the world's supply comes from several other Cinnamomum species. Sri Lanka produces 80 to 90 per cent of C. verum cinnamon; the tree is also cultivated commercially in the Seychelles and Madagascar.Photograph credit: Simon A. Eugster
Neptune is the eighth and farthest known planet from the Sun in the Solar System. In the Solar System, it is the fourth-largest planet by diameter, the third-most-massive planet and the densest giant planet. Neptune is 17 times the mass of Earth, slightly more massive than its near-twin Uranus. Neptune is denser and physically smaller than Uranus because its greater mass causes more gravitational compression of its atmosphere. Neptune orbits the Sun once every 164.8 years at an average distance of 30.1 au (4.5 billion km; 2.8 billion mi). It is named after the Roman god of the sea and has the astronomical symbol ♆, a stylised version of the god Neptune's trident.
This picture of Neptune was taken by NASA's Voyager 2 spacecraft in 1989, at a range of 4.4 million miles (7.1 million kilometres) from the planet, approximately four days before closest approach. The photograph shows the Great Dark Spot, a storm about the size of Earth, in the centre, while the fast-moving bright feature nicknamed the "Scooter" and the Small Dark Spot can be seen on the western limb. These clouds were seen to persist for as long as the spacecraft's cameras could resolve them.Photograph credit: NASA / JPL
This picture shows the cathedral's chancel, which, along with the transepts, are the only remaining sections of the original medieval building. The baptismal font, made to a ninth-century Greek design, is placed in the centre.Photograph credit: David Iliff
This picture shows Lauderdale Tower, one of three residential towers in the estate, all at a height of 42 storeys and 123 m (404 ft). The top two or three floors of each block comprise three penthouse flats. Once the tallest residential towers in London, they were surpassed by the Pan Peninsula development on the Isle of Dogs.Photograph credit: Daniel Case
Saints Cosmas and Damian were two Arab physicians, reputedly twin brothers, and early Christian martyrs. They practised their profession in the seaport of Aegeae, then in the Roman province of Syria. Accepting no payment for their services led to them being named anargyroi ('unmercenaries'); it has been said that, by this, they attracted many to the Christian faith. During the persecution under Diocletian, Cosmas and Damian were arrested by order of the prefect of Cilicia, one Lysias who is otherwise unknown, who ordered them under torture to recant. However, according to legend, they stayed true to their faith, enduring being hung on a cross, stoned and shot by arrows and finally suffering execution by beheading. Anthimus, Leontius and Euprepius, their younger brothers, who were inseparable from them throughout life, shared in their martyrdom.
Agdam is a ghost town in the southwest part of Azerbaijan and the formal capital of its Agdam District, today controlled by the de facto Republic of Artsakh, but de jure internationally recognized territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Armenian forces captured Agdam in July 1993 during the Nagorno-Karabakh War. The heavy fighting forced the entire population to flee eastwards. Upon seizing the city, Nagorno-Karabakh Republic forces destroyed much of the town to discourage Azerbaijanis from returning. More damage occurred in the following decades when locals looted the abandoned town for building materials. It is currently almost entirely ruined and uninhabited.Photograph credit: KennyOMG
The Mazda6 is a mid-size car produced by Mazda since 2002, replacing the long-produced Capella/626. The car was popular among consumers, selling faster than all previous Mazda models. The Mazda6 was marketed as the first example of the company's "Stylish, Insightful, and Spirited" design philosophy, followed by the Mazda2 in December 2002, the RX-8 in August 2003, the Mazda3 in January 2004, the Mazda5 in the summer of 2005, the MX-5 in October 2005, and the CX-7 in November 2006. The 2003 Mazda6 is essentially the sixth generation Mazda 626, as the Mazda6 continues on the G platform, progressing from the GF-platform 626/Capella to the GG-platform Mazda6. This picture shows a 2003 Mazda6 hatchback in Classic trim.Photograph credit: John O'Neill
The gentoo penguin (Pygoscelis papua) is a penguin species in the genus Pygoscelis, most closely related to the Adélie penguin and the chinstrap penguin. The earliest scientific description was made in 1781 by Johann Reinhold Forster with a reference point of the Falkland Islands. They call in a variety of ways, but the most frequently heard is a loud trumpeting which the bird emits with its head thrown back. The gentoo penguin is easily recognized by the wide white stripe extending like a bonnet across the top of its head and its bright orange-red bill. It has pale whitish-pink webbed feet and a fairly long tail – the most prominent tail of all penguin species. Chicks have grey backs with white fronts. As the gentoo penguin waddles along on land, its tail sticks out behind, sweeping from side to side, hence the scientific name Pygoscelis, which means 'rump-tailed'.Photograph credit: Andrew Shiva