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The Leningrad première of Shostakovich's Symphony No. 7
occurred on 9 August 1942 during the Second World War
, while the city of Leningrad
(now St. Petersburg) was under siege
by Nazi German
. Dmitri Shostakovich
had intended for the piece to be premièred by the Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra, but because of the siege that group was evacuated from the city. The world première of the symphony was held in Kuibyshev
with the Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra
. The Leningrad première was performed by the surviving musicians of the Leningrad Radio Orchestra
, supplemented with military performers. Most of the musicians were starving, they frequently collapsed during rehearsals, and three died. The orchestra was able to play the symphony all the way through only once before the concert. The concert was highly successful, prompting an hour-long ovation. It was supported by a Soviet military offensive, code-named Squall, intended to silence German forces during the performance. The symphony was broadcast to the German lines by loudspeaker as a form of psychological warfare
. The Leningrad première was considered by music critics to be one of the most important artistic performances of the war because of its psychological and political effects. The conductor concluded that "in that moment, we triumphed over the soulless Nazi war machine". (Full article...
USS Iowa (BB-61)
- Parked here to save the blurb; article still needs more work. -- Dianna (talk) 18:43, 20 September 2012 (UTC)
Eris (dwarf planet)
8 January 2015
9 April 2015
Jenna Jameson is an American entrepreneur and pornographic actress, who has been called the world's most famous adult-entertainment performer and "The Queen of Porn". She started acting in erotic videos in 1993 after having worked as a stripper and glamour model. By 1996, she had won the "top newcomer" award from each of the three major adult movie organizations. She has since won more than 20 adult video awards, and has been inducted into both the X-Rated Critics Organization (XRCO) and Adult Video News (AVN) Halls of Fame. Jameson founded the adult-entertainment company ClubJenna in 2000 with Jay Grdina, whom she later married and divorced. Initially a single website, this business expanded into managing similar websites of other stars and began producing sexually explicit videos in 2001. The first such movie, Briana Loves Jenna (with Briana Banks), was named at the 2003 AVN Awards as the best-selling and best-renting pornographic title for 2002. By 2005, ClubJenna had revenues of US$30 million with profits estimated at half that. Advertisements for her site and films, often bearing her picture, have towered on a 48-foot-tall billboard in New York City's Times Square.
Examples of free style
Reception history of Jane Austen
This article appeared as TFA on 28 January 2013.
The reception history of Jane Austen follows a path from modest fame to wild popularity; her novels are both the subject of intense scholarly study and the centre of a diverse fan culture. Jane Austen, the author of such works as Pride and Prejudice (1813) and Emma (1815), has become one of the best-known and widely read novelists in the English language. During her lifetime, Austen's novels brought her little personal fame; like many women writers, she chose to publish anonymously and it was only among members of the aristocracy that her authorship was an open secret. At the time they were published, Austen's works were considered fashionable by members of high society but received few positive reviews. By the mid-19th century, her novels were admired by members of the literary elite who viewed their appreciation of her works as a mark of cultivation. By the turn of the 20th century, competing groups had sprung up—some to worship her and some to defend her from the "teeming masses"—but all claiming to be the true Janeites, or those who properly appreciated Austen. It was not until the 1940s that Austen was widely accepted in academia as a "great English novelist". The second half of the 20th century saw a proliferation of Austen scholarship, which explored numerous aspects of her works: artistic, ideological, and historical. As of the early 21st century, Austen fandom supports an industry of printed sequels and prequels as well as television and film adaptations, which started with the 1940 Pride and Prejudice and evolved to include the 2004 Bollywood-style production Bride and Prejudice. (more ...)
This article appeared as TFA on 5 June 2013.
(1871–1900) was an American novelist, short story writer, poet and journalist. Prolific throughout his short life, he wrote notable works in the Realist
tradition as well as early examples of American Naturalism
. Crane's first novel was the 1893 Bowery
tale Maggie: A Girl of the Streets
. He won international acclaim for his 1895 Civil War
novel The Red Badge of Courage
, written without any battle experience. Late that year he accepted an offer to cover the Spanish-American War
as a war correspondent
. As he waited in Jacksonville, Florida
for passage to Cuba, he met Cora Taylor
, the madam of a brothel, with whom he would have a lasting relationship. Plagued by financial difficulties and ill health, Crane died of tuberculosis
at the age of 28. Although recognized primarily for The Red Badge of Courage
, Crane is also known for short stories such as "The Open Boat
", "The Blue Hotel
", "The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky
", and The Monster
. Stylistically, his works are characterized by vivid intensity, distinctive dialects
, and irony
. Common themes involve fear, spiritual crises and social isolation. His writing made a deep impression on 20th century writers, most prominent among them Ernest Hemingway
, and is thought to have inspired the Modernists
and the Imagists
. (more ...