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August 24[edit]

Malignant Narcissism[edit]

Sadly, my effort to talk to a human being has failed after more than one clock hour searching your voluminous libraries of how to contact and how to edit and how to get help. If you have a human volunteer that one human reader with handicaps (interfacing with modern internet software can communicate with, I did not get there and my time is over for this extremely stressful session.

The Wikipedia article is Malignant Narcissism.

My original intent, sirs and ma'ams, was to add two extremely important world-class, global researchers to the "See also" or "References" or "External links" section(s).

1. M. Scott Peck, M.D., contemporary American Psychiatrist clinician and researcher and more, author of the two popular bestsellers clearly identifying and warning and more, The Road Less Traveled and People of the Lie.

2. Viktor Frankl, M.D., established, famous Austrian or German Jew Psychiatrist who survived the Holocaust and wrote his unique journey of survival from the Nazis. He founded Logotherapy outlining his remarkable unique personal experience. His global-impact two bestsellers of timeless value to humanity are Man's Search for Meaning and Man's Search for Ultimate Meaning.

3. Why? Because you say on page 2 of 4, at the end of the "Spectrum of pathological narcissism and psychopathy" section: "Malignant narcissism is highlighted as a key area in the study of mass murder, sexual and serial murder. [10][11]

4. In 2015, new brain research and epigenetics research is seeking to identify folk like Adam Lanza and his mother from Newtown, Connecticut; the Boston Bombings two brothers; the radicalized American volunteers for Isis and the other terror groups; trying to profile the next mass murderer, sexual and serial murderer. Before the homicide, genocide . . .

5. I do not know any more enlightening pair of clinicians and researchers with boots on the ground, engaging in hand-to-hand combat with this evil spirit, whatever it is, attacking all humanity at this time in known public domain world history of humankind, attacking HEARTS, BRAINS, attacking MINDS. Covertly. Secretly. Subtly. Globally. Electronically. Internet webs, networks, portals . . .

6. Thank you. If a human can/will talk to me, you know how to reach me. Rose Vernier, A.A., B.A.E., M.Ed., University of Florida, United States of America — Preceding unsigned comment added by 2602:304:b0d5:d220:849d:4cf5:dd54:928d (talkcontribs)

Is this the article Malignant narcissism? I found this by typing the two words into the search box. [This page] may assist you and guide you to other useful pages. Richard Avery (talk) 06:30, 24 August 2015 (UTC)
Richard, the OP refers to the article, she knows where it is. She's asking if someone can alter it as she feels unable. Rojomoke (talk) 11:56, 24 August 2015 (UTC)
Ah, right, that academic language confused me ;-) Richard Avery (talk) 13:57, 24 August 2015 (UTC)
I added the request on the article's talkpage. I noticed that one of the psychiatrists was already mentioned there. Akseli9 (talk) 12:36, 24 August 2015 (UTC)
Wikipedia has just the thing for you (assuming this is something you'd like to be able to do by yourself, and assuming you'll be wanting to do this kind of thing in the future). Check out Wikipedia:Adopt-a-user - this is a place where you can ask for an actual human to help you out with whatever ails you on Wikipedia. Someone comes along and offers to "adopt" you - and if you accept, they'll offer advice, monitor your editing, help out where needed, suggest other pages that might benefit from your attention and so forth. Many adopters and adoptees wind up being friends over the longer term. It's a great program. SteveBaker (talk) 14:59, 24 August 2015 (UTC)

Stealing copper[edit]

Once a thief has stolen copper from a church roof or a telecommunications cable, how do they go about selling it? Who buys clearly stolen copper? — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 15:45, 24 August 2015 (UTC)

The scrap trade is huge, and plenty of people will sell e.g. perfectly legitimate left over cable to scrapyards, and the scrapyard will then either recycle the items or attempt to re-sell them as-is, depending on condition. The scrapyards can't really tell the provenance of things like this, so they usually just take anything on offer unless it is highly suspicious. For example, they might turn away a brand-new unused spool of cable, but accept a similar volume of clearly used and degraded cable. More info at junkyard, though the concept is not so centered on vehicles as the article implies. SemanticMantis (talk) 16:07, 24 August 2015 (UTC)
The problem with the junk dealer buyers is complex:
1) Some may know the goods are stolen and not care, as long as they have plausible deniability.
2) Others don't know if the items are stolen, but don't consider that to be their problem.
3) Others are good citizens and try to avoid buying stolen goods, but can't always tell.
Some approaches to solve the problem:
A) Require sellers to provide identification, such as a driver's license, which is then recorded. If any of the items sold to the dealer are later found to be stolen, the seller can then be tracked down.
B) Make it illegal to accept items from anyone previously convicted of selling stolen goods.
C) Add identifying serial numbers to scrapable items. This is for the future, as new items sold now can have the codes. It probably isn't practical to add such codes after installation.
D) Use less valuable materials. New LED street lights in Detroit now use aluminum wiring instead of copper, and the lower electricity requirement for LEDs means smaller diameter wire can be used.
E) Make devices which contain valuable materials less accessible. For example, a transformer formerly on the ground and requiring only basic tools to open can be put on top of a pole and have a lock on it. StuRat (talk) 16:25, 24 August 2015 (UTC)
Well, the obvious references to me, I'm a bit surprised no one linked these already, are fence and Blackmarket. Vespine (talk) 23:17, 24 August 2015 (UTC)
Duly noted, but I don't think most scrap yards are running fences, or that stolen copper ends up sold at mostly illicit venues. One coil of copper looks much like another, e.g. fungibility and commodity. Despite Stu's suggestion, it's untenable to have serial numbers and logged databases for every foot of copper piping, wire, etc. I don't think you need to find a black market fence to unload a few hundred dollars worth of copper scrap - that's depressingly part of the appeal :-/ SemanticMantis (talk) 23:57, 24 August 2015 (UTC)
Metal theft might be interesting reading. --jpgordon::==( o ) 05:25, 25 August 2015 (UTC)
In the UK the Scrap Metal Dealers Act 2013 was an attempt to make it harder for thieves to sell stolen metal. In particular it's illegal for a dealer to buy scrap metal for cash. (Our article isn't much to go on - better information and links here). AndrewWTaylor (talk) 08:02, 25 August 2015 (UTC)
Because of the factor AndrewWTaylor details, telecomms cables stolen in the UK are often now (it's believed) accumulated in shipping containers (along with other similar spoils) and exported (clandestinely, of course) to metals processors in Eastern Europe where checks on such activities are less stringent. This means that the thieves also now target aluminium cables, which previously were often substituted for better-performance (and actually cheaper) copper cables, with signage put up to advertise the fact — small UK scrap dealers usually can't melt down aluminium because its much higher melting point necessitates equipment they don't have.
Re StuRat's suggestion E) — increased inaccessibility would not help much, as most of such sites are already moderately secure, it's evident that the thieves often have some rigging expertise, and the components have to remain reasonably accessible for legitimate maintenance.
Disclosure: I work for a company whose work includes replacing such stolen cable, etc. on telecomms sites, often a 2-day job. On more than one occasion, we've returned on the second day to find our first day's replacements have been stolen again overnight! {The poster formerly known as} (talk) 13:51, 25 August 2015 (UTC)
Not serial numbers, but using DNA markers has apparently been really succesful. Sjö (talk) 16:00, 25 August 2015 (UTC)

Stopping the smell of rotting faeces?[edit]

When I was on a trip in my RV, I often did not have access to toilets. I used a bottle for my urine but for emptying my bowel I used small plastic bags. Yet, despite my best efforts tying the individual bags up, a bad smell permeated! I then moved the individual bags into a larger bin liner, yet the stink still found its way out?

What gives. Isn't plastic odour in permeable? Or is there a special way to tie them? I twisted the bags then knotted them. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 17:13, 24 August 2015 (UTC)

It depends a bit on the type of plastic. Many plastic bags are polyethylene - which is not totally impermeable. Here is a paper that discusses permeability of polyethylene films in the context of landfill covers. E.g. methane will seep through 2 mil film at a rate of 92 cm³/100 in²/day [1]. There are products like this [2] that claim to be "odor proof" and usable for human waste. They are still made of polyethylene, but probably denser and thicker than other normal bags. SemanticMantis (talk) 22:11, 24 August 2015 (UTC)
Whatever the UK equivalent of Pine-Sol is put into the larger bag should solve the smell. For several years all the houses had honey buckets and you always put some Pine-Sol in the liner first. It's not mentioned in the article but they do mention the ability to get rid of smells at the Pine-Sol site. CambridgeBayWeather, Uqaqtuq (talk), Sunasuttuq 01:15, 25 August 2015 (UTC)
Another approach might be to denature the feces, by submerging them in bleach. The problem here is that your typical bleach container has a rather small opening, so you would have to find a vapor- and liquid-proof bottle with a wide opening. Bleach isn't so good for the environment, but then neither are feces, which could contain a contagious disease. StuRat (talk) 01:34, 25 August 2015 (UTC)
Contagious diseases are part of the natural environment, not its enemy. If it wasn't for rotting shit and "bad" bacteria, we wouldn't have soil. No soil, no humans. InedibleHulk (talk) 21:33, August 25, 2015 (UTC)
Might be better to use the fluid for chemical toilets which is actually concocted for that specific purpose, such as Elsanol. You might even go the whole hog and buy a Porta Potti to save all that unpleasantness with plastic bags. Alansplodge (talk) 18:34, 25 August 2015 (UTC)
Ah but there wasn't anything like Elsanol at the one store. Plus Pine-Sol can be used for other things such as cleaning. CambridgeBayWeather, Uqaqtuq (talk), Sunasuttuq 01:28, 26 August 2015 (UTC)
  • Uhm... The OP's RV may not be large enough to accommodate a chemical toilet. Also, the chemicals mentioned are bulky. Also they wont stop the evolution of gases in a sealed bag; (this is what the Apollo Astronauts had to do to achieve that: Then they had to knead a germicide into their waste so that gas-expelling bacteria wouldn't flourish inside the sealed bag and cause it to explode). Might be worth the OP defecating into a cheap waxed-paper bag, though. Then adding a little quicklime or caustic soda (and giving it a little massage to mix). Rather than keep that soiled bag in the RV, give it a sallow burial a the earliest opportunity. Then wash hands. Potassium hydroxide is a little harder to get than household caustic soda (which is sold everywhere) but is more environmentally friendly. Of course, if his RV had a microwave – then just sterilize it and dump it.--Aspro (talk) 17:21, 26 August 2015 (UTC)
Mmmm...microturd. InedibleHulk (talk) 20:48, August 26, 2015 (UTC)
I agree. They deserved to be arrested for not selecting the auto-cook function that would have cooked it to a turd turn. Yet, maybe the 7-Eleven just had a cheap, use-once, single function, throw-away microwave, in which case the 7/11 only had themselves to blame.--Aspro (talk) 21:36, 26 August 2015 (UTC)
Quite the opposite. This microwave allegedly cost $3500. Mine cost $60, and I thought it did the same thing those do. Maybe theirs make very hot human feces smell particulary gruesome. Seems a strange feature to shell out for, so there's probably more to this story. InedibleHulk (talk) 00:15, August 27, 2015 (UTC)
Have you considered using a RubberMaid container? Solid seals, room for many turds, easy to dump, easy to clean. InedibleHulk (talk) 00:24, August 27, 2015 (UTC)
Those type of containers are not going to be able to resit the positive internal pressure of the evolving gasses ( In hot climes corpse can explode because the gas evolve faster then the tissue can purify). That why the Apollo astronauts had to spend so long kneading the bags to thoroughly mix the germicide into the turds. A simpler: defecate, add sterilizer (not bleach - too much organic matter) and depose method as I described, I think, is more efficacious and less messy (my apologies to any coprophil readers here that like the messy part – nothing personal against you). Airline sick-bags would be suitable plus a spoon full of caustic . The 3½ grand figure for the MW, indubitably includes all the labour charges and any other expenses the 7/11 could claim off their insurance company. Not the cost of the MW itself. I have never seen a commercial quality MW in any such store – never! Suggest the OP experiments. Then post back here with his results.--Aspro (talk) 17:56, 28 August 2015 (UTC)

August 25[edit]

Why are human stools so offensive?[edit]

In comparison to other mammals, why are human droppings so offensive. Rabbit pellets leave virtually no odour. Horse droppings whilst larger are relatively benign and not stink out. Same with sheep and cow faeces.

Yet, human stools smell the worst, far higher up the ick and gross factor than any of the mentioned above. I mean, just try getting dog (or human) crap off your shoes compared to say sheep droppings. I was even reading about farmers using sewage fertilise their fields and a whole town had to practically wear clips on their nose. Sure normal farm muck spreading is bad, but there's like no comparison. And, as a vegetarian (not quite a herbivore but still) the stuff is still far, far more foul than say horse droppings.

So what gives. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 12:26, 25 August 2015 (UTC)

I'm just making a WAG, but your non-smelly examples are all prey species, who want to avoid being noticed. Humans and dogs are predators, so that's not as much of a concern. Clarityfiend (talk) 13:22, 25 August 2015 (UTC)
Might be also that predators have territories and borders and land ownership and such, and use them as landmarks. Akseli9 (talk) 13:50, 25 August 2015 (UTC)
Wikipedia has an article titled disgust. It has a lot of good information which may help answer the question. --Jayron32 13:23, 25 August 2015 (UTC)
Surely it depends what the mammal ingests at the other end. Horses and rabbits tend to eat grass and other plants. Carnivorous or omnivorous mammals generally have foul smelling droppings; does anyone think that pig dung is "relatively benign"? Alansplodge (talk) 17:52, 25 August 2015 (UTC)
Aye, blame protein. Breaks down into methanethiol, indole, skatole and hydrogen sulfide. Partially explained in "Beans, Beans, the Musical Fruit". InedibleHulk (talk) 21:36, August 25, 2015 (UTC)
Some rabbit shit does stink, but they eat that stuff and just leave the "pellets" for us to smell, which are almost entirely fiber. InedibleHulk (talk) 21:47, August 25, 2015 (UTC)
Two articles in Wikipedia (feces and human feces) briefly touch upon the topic of the offensive odor of feces for both humans and other animals. Joseph A. Spadaro (talk) 05:10, 26 August 2015 (UTC)

How much to tip at Michelin-starred restaurant in NYC?[edit]

I'll be visiting NYC in the coming weeks and heard from colleagues that the average tip at a sit-down restaurant is 20% of the bill either pre or post-tax. How much should one tip at a high-end Michelin-starred restaurant when dining with 2 people? Whether it be one or three-starred, would it be appropriate to continue tipping 20%? Thanks. Acceptable (talk) 13:18, 25 August 2015 (UTC)

A 15 to 20% tip is standard in all restaurants in the U.S., as the wait staff receive lower wages than would be normal because a large percentage of their income comes from tips. This percentage does not vary whether the restaurant is a local diner or a three-star fancy place. The only difference is that some of the higher-priced establishments may already include a service charge on the bill (it will be clearly identified if that is the case). See Gratuity#United_States --Xuxl (talk) 14:02, 25 August 2015 (UTC)
I basically agree with Xuxl, though I would say I am more likely to tip at 20% or higher in a low-end restaurant because workers in those restaurants earn much less in tips (and wages) than workers in high-end restaurants. If anything, my tipping percentage falls as the total bill rises, though it is expected that you will tip at least 15%, and probably a little more, for acceptable service. Look at it this way: A 20% tip on a $10 meal is just $2. On a $100 meal, a 16% tip is a much more generous $16. A 20% tip would be $20. Did the waiter at the $100 restaurant offer service that was worth 10 times as much as the service offered by the waiter at the $10 restaurant? I doubt it. For that reason, I think it is okay to tip a little more modestly at high-end places. At less expensive places, you might consider exceeding 20%. Marco polo (talk) 15:19, 25 August 2015 (UTC)
Waiters won't agree with you. They indeed provide a top-class service that not many of their colleagues are capable who work in cheaper restaurants, and that's why they could apply in the first place for the job in such a demanding restaurant. They receive big tips from rich people, and they think they deserve it and rich people agree that they give big tips to top-class waiters and that's the reason why they prefer to eat there, because the food is good and because the waiters are topclass. Akseli9 (talk) 15:39, 25 August 2015 (UTC)
I'll echo what Akseli9 said. Restaurants that can command higher prices generally do so because the quality of service follows the quality of the food. (Where that is not the case, one can certainly adjust the tip amount to reflect service that exceeds – or falls short of – expectations.) But that's not the only consideration.
Higher-end restaurants that can charge much more per plate also tend to have more staff per diner. That is, each waiter is taking care of fewer tables and fewer customers, and so receives fewer individual tips. A cheap-and-cheerful chain restaurant can run through an appetizer and main and flip a table every hour; the waiter could get tipped on three consecutive checks for one table during the dinner service. Dinner at a fine-dining establishment serving a more relaxed meal (or a tasting menu) of three or more courses might run two or three hours; the waiter is lucky to get two checks from one table during the night and may only see one. I'll leave aside the 'tipping out' costs associated with sharing tips with a proportionally larger back-of-house staff.
So...if the fine-dining waiter has half as many tables to serve, and turns those tables over one-third as make the same amount in tips the fine-dining waiter needs to receive at least six times as much per tip just to break even with the cheap-restaurant waiter. And Marco Polo wants to knock the fine-dining waiter's tips down another 25% (from 20% to 15%)? Ouch. TenOfAllTrades(talk) 16:18, 25 August 2015 (UTC)
Just to confirm what all of the above have said; IF a restaurant is an upper echelon restaurant, the tip should STILL be the same percentage for several reasons 1) waiters at better restaurants are better trained, more experienced, and provide better service than those at your typical family restaurant. My brother works at such a restaurant (like $100 for a steak and lobster dinner sort of place) and they have very high standards for their waitstaff; he had over 15 years waiting experience before he got that job, and they wouldn't even look at applicants without at least 10 years waiting and with impeccable references. 2) Higher end restaurants have more waitstaff to pay out of tips for. Your average diner has a waitress with 5-6 tables she's responsible for, and she does it all herself. At a higher-end restaurant, there are less tables per waiter, and those restaurants also have non-table waitstaff, including food-runners, the guy who fills your water glass, a sommelier, bartenders, hostesses, etc. etc. Guess what, they also get paid a cut of the tips as well. When you short a waiter or waitress at a cheapo diner, you only short one person. When you short the waitstaff at a higher-end restaurant, you're screwing a whole bunch of people over. Now, that DOESN'T mean that you shouldn't alter your tip based on the level of service you receive (that is, if the wait staff does a bad job at an expensive steakhouse, you should lower your percentage accordingly), but good service should ALWAYS be met with the same percentage of tip regardless of how much the meal costs; largely because the more expensive restaurants ALSO provide more service and better service. --Jayron32 16:31, 25 August 2015 (UTC)
Americans disagree about tipping, and I'd rather agree to disagree. Of course, there is no harm done, except to your own wallet, if you want to tip 30% on a $300 check. Feel free. As for myself, I adhere to the convention that the tip should be no less than 15% for acceptable service. In practice, I never let it drop fully to 15%, since that is at the lower limit of what is expected. So I would tip something like $50 on a $300 table for two at a high-end place. I agree that the waiter at the high-end place can't wait as many tables per hour and that he has to share his tips. Still, tipping $60 on that $300 table seems wildly disproportionate if my 20% tip for good service at a $50 table for two at a restaurant with a kitchen that is not an assembly line yields the waiter (and the busboy and other staff) just $10. The ratio of staff to table-hour at the high-end place is nowhere near six times the ratio at the decent but reasonably priced place. At most the ratio is three times as large, which results in twice the pay per person, averaged across the (experienced) waiter and the Mexican busboy whose tiny share of the tip is not much greater in dollar terms than at the cheaper restaurant (meaning that the waiter probably gets at least 3 times as much). Really rich people can do as they please, but I don't like that kind of income inequality, and I think it is perfectly reasonable for me or anyone else to use a sliding scale when tipping. Marco polo (talk) 17:29, 25 August 2015 (UTC)
No one ever claimed that you should tip 30%. Your objection noted immediately above is the first time anyone ever mentioned that number. The standard is always 15-20%, based on level of service. The expectation is that 15% would be for minimal service, and 20% for high quality service. $50 on a $300 dinner would be exactly what was expected, no more, no less, and would be perfect. However, to tip ONLY $45 on a $300 dollar dinner at one restaurant, and then tip, say, $20 for a $100 dinner at another for the same level of service would be wrong, given equal levels of service, one should tip the same %, regardless of the amount spent on the food itself. --Jayron32 18:41, 25 August 2015 (UTC)
If you'd like some references rather than opinion, see Gratuity, the Emily Post institute guides to tipping [3], Fair_Labor_Standards_Act#Tip_credits_and_tip_pools (see fact sheet here [4]- it is legal to a pay a server $2.13 per hour in most states (including NY), provided that they earn $30/month in tips), and finally wage theft (e.g. here for how it's done to servers [5], [6]).
But - there is a way out of this confusing and unfair nonsense - go to a restaurant that doesn't allow tips! See e.g. here for a few examples in NYC [7] [8]. That way, you'll be supporting a business that actually pays its employees fair and living wages. SemanticMantis (talk) 19:14, 25 August 2015 (UTC)
However, based on the second source, it's very possible that these two restaurants are the only ones in New York to disallow tips. So this isn't really a feasible approach to take in general. -Elmer Clark (talk) 02:40, 26 August 2015 (UTC)
Indeed. However, similar "no-tip" restaurants are beginning to appear around the country: Chicago, San Francisco, Austin, Philedelphia, just to name a few I know of, and I thought OP an other readers would like to know that such establishments may be available for their patronage. Here's a few other articles about the rise of no-tip restaurants, one suggesting that we may see many more in the near future, influenced in part by changes and increases in local minimum wage - [9] [10]. SemanticMantis (talk) 14:42, 26 August 2015 (UTC)
While feeding your staff a decent wage seems a good idea, even these examples (at least the original NYC one, didn't read the later article) seem to show how ingrained tipping is, since rather than simply having listed prices sufficient to cover this decent wage, they still have a surcharge. Nil Einne (talk) 05:37, 27 August 2015 (UTC)
Well, at least a surcharge is clear and doesn't depend on weird subjective social norms and evaluation of service (e.g. some people will reward a chatty/friendly server with a good tip, other people hate that). The places I've been to just have a simple price list and a big "no tips accepted" sign (shout out to Black Star in Austin [] :) SemanticMantis (talk) 17:38, 27 August 2015 (UTC)
I would point out that my tipping practices are entirely in line with the 15-20% range mentioned in the linked Emily Post article, except that I will sometimes exceed that range in restaurants with table service and low prices. I'm not sure I understand the source of the vitriol if I choose to give a 30% tip at the family-owned Thai restaurant where family members give great service and work long hours below minimum wage while I give a tip of just 16% (with a dollar value several times greater than my tip at the Thai place) at the Chez Grand Argent. Marco polo (talk) 15:23, 26 August 2015 (UTC)
There's no vitriol over increasing your tip. Actually there's no vitriol at all. You're invited to, and allowed to, and to be commended for, tipping as high as you want; just don't lower your tip below the 15-20% range. --Jayron32 15:26, 26 August 2015 (UTC)
In France, it is now officially since many years tips are not required anymore, alas, tradition is too strong and you still need to give a tip, otherwise you would look stingy. It is such a relief for me when I eat in a restaurant in Germany or in Finland, where tips don't exist and would be considered as offensive as corruption. Akseli9 (talk) 15:32, 26 August 2015 (UTC)
For some reason, this topic seems to bring very extensive responses whenever it comes up. Link to previous discussion on this subject. --Viennese Waltz 08:09, 27 August 2015 (UTC)

Source for patches[edit]


THANK YOU , JOHN P. THIS WAS MY OUTFIT MARCH 1959 ( 2ND PLT., CO. A, 2ND BG, 8TH INFENTRY, 1ST DIV. FORT RILEY KANSAS The 8th Infantry Regiment of the United States, also known as the "Fighting Eagles,"[1] is an infantry regiment in the United States Army. The 8th Infantry participated in the Mexican War,American Civil War, World War I, World War II, Vietnam War and Iraq Campaign. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 2602:306:31DA:7570:A4F0:7909:FD9D:FD1A (talk) 13:52, 25 August 2015 (UTC)

I have added a section title, reformatted the question, and redacted the email address to protect you from spam. But there is no way of answering, because the question does not say what type of patch you are looking for. Probably you tried to include a picture with your question, but it didn't work. Looie496 (talk) 14:31, 25 August 2015 (UTC)
We have an article on 8th_Infantry_Regiment_(United_States), which shows a coat of arms and an insignia. Here [11] are various sellers that offer an 8th infantry patch. SemanticMantis (talk) 14:51, 25 August 2015 (UTC)

Being sent edited pages[edit]

I have been receiving notices (messages) claiming I had tried to edit two or more articles and I have never done this. I just use what I read as a tool to guide me through my book writing. I do not edit or would even know how to edit anything on Wikipedia. Please notify whom is the one responsible for misleading those in the two cases. Thank you, Heather — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 15:18, 25 August 2015 (UTC)

Hi Heather. I expect that the notices are intended for another editor using the same IP address (though not You probably have an internet connection that assigns a different address each time you use it, and the address you have today will have been used by someone else yesterday. You can avoid these unwanted messages by creating an account. Dbfirs 16:01, 25 August 2015 (UTC)

You can see the edits made via your IP address here: [12]. Of course, if you choose to register an account, it costs nothing, takes very little time and brings a number of advantages, so come on in, the water's lovely! --Dweller (talk) 15:42, 26 August 2015 (UTC)

August 27[edit]

Is public transport less safe on Christmas or the Super Bowl or the shift when a year or millennium ends?[edit]

Are there more plane or train or bus or subway accidents per mile then? Especially in places like extroverted and very Christian Utah on Christmas? Or a big football city during the Super Bowl game when the home team is playing? Maybe the average operator is less experienced or lower quality then? I know that the New York subway drivers have to cover for others until someone retires. They have a different route and time each day are forced to do the runs no one else wants to do like late night in the ghetto. Even if it's not like that everywhere the younger they are the less likely they'll have a spouse and kids to be away from, the more likely they are to find the extra pay for working a holiday worth it (cause they're less wealthy) and maybe they won't have their full attention on what they're doing. On the other hand, there's less traffic to collide with then. Sagittarian Milky Way (talk) 05:18, 27 August 2015 (UTC)

Are you referring to only risks coming from accidents involving the train or bus? I suspect in a number of places the biggest risk actually comes from being attacked or injured in an accident while on the train (or perhaps bus), not from the train (and perhaps bus) being involved in an accidents. Even more so if you include attacks while waiting for the train, let alone attacks or simply being involved in an accident while getting to the train station or bus stop or getting on the train etc. Nil Einne (talk) 05:42, 27 August 2015 (UTC)

Environmental Impact of Christian Countries[edit]

Women beating men[edit]

Are there any athletic events / sports competition where the women's world record is superior to the men's world record? Dragons flight (talk) 18:44, 27 August 2015 (UTC)

See Discus throw. Widneymanor (talk) 19:33, 27 August 2015 (UTC)
Though, to be fair, women's discus is of a different weight than men's, men throw a 2kg discus, women a 1kg discus. In ultra-Long-distance swimming, however, there are women's records that beat men's records under equal conditions. This article explains some of it, and notes several ultra-long distance swimming events where, both record and average times, women beat men. In fact, those are among the only sports I know of where, when placed on exactly equal footing, women outperform men. Oh, and childbirth. Still undefeated there. --Jayron32 19:46, 27 August 2015 (UTC)
Next time I'm sharing a post-coital jentacular cigarette with your dear wife, I'll tell her you think childbirth is a sport. -- Jack of Oz [pleasantries] 21:12, 27 August 2015 (UTC)
I don't smoke. The way I do conception is a sport, and I have to keep my body in tip-top shape. I'm almost down to world class speed, about to beat Usain Bolt's 100m dash record... --Jayron32 02:20, 28 August 2015 (UTC)
I'm the one having a hypothetical cigarette with her, so your smoker status is irrelevant here. But I'm pleased you've spilled your guts to the entire online world about your chronic premature jentaculation ejaculation. It must be so awfully embarrassing for you. Haven't the pills helped at all? I feel your pain. Naturally, I'm more of a marathon man myself.  :) -- Jack of Oz [pleasantries] 22:18, 28 August 2015 (UTC)
In the Mick Jagger sense? They're called Snickers over here these days. Tevildo (talk) 09:52, 29 August 2015 (UTC)
In 2002, Tanya Streeter held the "men or women" world record in No Limits free diving, during more than two months before Loïc Leferme beat her by 2 metres. Another woman, Audrey Mestre, was also diving deeper than most men in 2002 at the time she died, especially she was diving deeper than her teacher and coach Pipin Ferreras, although her records are not officially validated. Akseli9 (talk) 19:48, 27 August 2015 (UTC)
Not a world record, still a case of a woman beatin men, in the 90s in Finland, competition parachuting did not distinguish men and women. Both men and women were jumping at the same time from the same plane, under the same rules etc. In 1993, it's a woman, Raija Syyrakki, who won the Finnish championship. Akseli9 (talk) 19:48, 27 August 2015 (UTC)

Equestrian events are mixed sexes so yeah,women have often beaten men in them. Hotclaws (talk) 02:35, 28 August 2015 (UTC)

Some of Beryl Burton's records still stand 45+ years after she set them. --TrogWoolley (talk) 12:39, 28 August 2015 (UTC)

August 28[edit]

Clesson Harvey, author, scientist, educator, and egyptologist[edit]

I need reliable sources for Clesson H. Harvey, author, scientist, educator, and egyptologist.

Translated the Pyramid Texts. Wrote a book entitled The Short Path.

Taught at Berkeley High School, Berkeley, California. Checkingfax (talk) 05:45, 28 August 2015 (UTC)

[13], also [14]--Aspro (talk) 18:00, 28 August 2015 (UTC)
I suspect that Harvey's qualifications as an Egyptologist might be open to dispute - he seems to have somewhat unorthodox views: [15] AndyTheGrump (talk) 18:07, 28 August 2015 (UTC)

August 29[edit]

Religion in Peru[edit]

Are you aware that Jehovah's Witnesses in 2014 had 123,000 babtised members and possibly a similar number studying the bible with them. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 02:15, 29 August 2015 (UTC)

This is not a comment page. If you feel this information is relevant at a specific article and have a reliable third-party source to back it up, feel free to add it to that article. See WP:Teahouse if you need help making such an edit. μηδείς (talk) 03:11, 29 August 2015 (UTC)
  • No, I'm not aware that Jehovah's Witnesses in 2014 had 123,000 babtised members and possibly a similar number studying the bible with them. Next question! —Tamfang (talk) 04:18, 29 August 2015 (UTC)
That sounds like OR to me. Citation, please! -- Jack of Oz [pleasantries] 05:08, 29 August 2015 (UTC)
So how is Tamfang supposed to find a source to prove he didn't know. Tamfang, I believe you didn't know that and I don't need a source. CambridgeBayWeather, Uqaqtuq (talk), Sunasuttuq 05:20, 29 August 2015 (UTC)
Obviously, Tamfang should go publish a paper describing the state of Tamfang's ignorance. Preferably in an peer reviewed academic journal (no self-published sources, please). Dragons flight (talk) 10:13, 29 August 2015 (UTC)
To answer the OP's question, see Jehovah's Witnesses by country. Our article gives a figure of 194,860 for "Average Bible study", referenced to the 2015 Yearbook of Jehovah's Witnesses. I'm not sure what "average" means in this context, I must admit. Tevildo (talk) 10:00, 29 August 2015 (UTC)