Wikipedia:Reference Desk archive unanswered 2005

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Voltage and Current Surge[edit]

In an avionics circuit with power and a number of devices attached what is current in rush and surge, and what are the cautions/preventive measures to be taken.

A parachute and life insurance.

In an incandescent light bulb there is a piece of wire that is designed to have, when the rated voltage is applied, just the right impedance for the current to be no less than to make that wire give off enough light, yet no more so as to make that wire melt ("burn out"). Usually the impedance depends on the temperature of that wire, it being (much?) less while cold, and therefore at the very beginning of switching on the current is (much?) higher than normal, for just a short time, and there is what is called a current surge.

  • A squirrel cage motor, one of the many kinds of Electric motors powered by AC, starts off running with a current surge that is roughly about 7 times the normal current.
  • A DC-operated motor starts off running with just its resistance plus that of an external starter rheostat in circuit, causing an initial current surge, but as the speed increases a voltage is created that opposes the applied voltage so that the current decreases to normal; also then the resistance of the external starter rheostat can be reduced slowly to zero.
  • In a circuit containing an inductor the voltage across that inductance can at times increase above normal for a short time, and there is what is called a voltage surge. Sometimes the light bulbs for just a short moment may give off more light than is normal as a result of a voltage surge created by some outside source.
  • Computers and other electronic equipment can be damaged by voltage surges, and surge suppressors are available to prevent such damage.

QUITTNER 19:06, 2 September 2005 (UTC)

QUITTNER 19:59, 8 September 2005 (UTC)

QUITTNER you seem to be very knowledgeable in the electronics field are you a motor specialist or a electronics specialist? Your answers were very well supportedand i enjoyed the info. -- snoopy612

A Netherwood, painter British (?)[edit]

Can you help me to find any information on the artist A Netherwood RCA. This name is on a family painting of a country scene, probably painted early 1900s???? I cannot find an artist by this name I would appreciate any help you can give Many thanks Jenny Foulds

RCA probably stands for Royal Canadian Academy in this case. You could try emailing them. Their homepage is [1]. -- John Fader 19:56, 26 Feb 2005 (UTC)
Or maybe Royal Cambrian Academy [2]. -- John Fader 20:01, 26 Feb 2005 (UTC)
Arthur Netherwood born 1864 died 1930, British.  Exhibited many works at the Royal Academy and the Royal Cambrian Academy (of which he was a member) and in the provinces.  He worked in oil and watercolour usually depicting views of towns and villages or country scenes.  His works sell from around £150 to around £800. However, be careful as there are prints in circulation.

A Netherwood was born in Huddersfield. RCA stands for Royal Cumbria Academy. Served on Conway Borough Council for 25 years. Moved to Shrewsbury in 1923. One of his sons, Norman, was a painter

school killings[edit]

I was just wondering if you can e-mail me more recent issues on school killings because i am a 10th grade and i am doing a speech on how we can prevent kids from killing eachother and i would appreciate the help...Thanks..Bye

My e-mail is

crazY_kryS69 { a t }

Well, sadly, now that the Virginia Tech shootings occured, it certainly looks like you will have your fair share of information. . .

information for Scholarship[edit]

    Hello. It is really so nice to write you this massage. Really, I need your help. I think the best thing in life is to help the others who really need help.
    My name is Mohammed Wesam A. M. Amer. I live in Khanyounis refugees' camp, southern Gaza strip, Palestine. I graduated from English department, Education collage at the Al-Azhar university-Gaza. am font of education, and human rights. So I am planning to further my study in civics and democratic rights. I send this massage, for I would like you to provide me with information as possible as you can about scholarships for such program , and information of how can I get a scholarship to help me further my study in such major .
I will be glad with getting information.
I am ready to send my statements of purpose and of future plans.
I am ready also to provide you with all information you need or you request.
It will be nice to hear from you.
For contact,
Mohammed Wesam Amer
333-51 Hai Al-Amel , KhanYounis , Gaza strip, Palestine, via Israel
E-mail address: m_w_amer { a t } .
Massager: m_w_amer
Hotmail messenger: wisamlove1980 { a t }
Cell phone: 00 972 59 862 630
  With best regards
  Mohammed Wesam A. M. Amer

Fleet Air Arm versus Luftwaffe[edit]


I was attempting to find information about any air battles between Fleet Air Arm (FAA) Corsairs and Hellcats versus German ME 109s and FW 190s? I know that the first German aircraft shot down over Britain by an American made plane was done by a pair of FAA Martlets (AKA. Widcats); and I was curious to see how well the Royal Navy F4Us and F6Fs did against the German fighters?



DFCONCON { a t }

Indian Government Copyrights[edit]

Are Indian government webpages copyrighted? If so (and I guess they probably are) do they offer any sort of unrestrictive license to use their work? --Xiaopo's Talk 07:14, Jan 18, 2004 (UTC)

I did not find a copyright link on the page any where. However if u see it says that,

"DISCLAIMER : Please note that this page also provides links to the websites / webpages of Government Ministries/ Departments/ Organisations. The content of these websites are owned by the respective organisations and they may be contacted for any further information or suggestion".

So what page u specifically looking for?

--kunjan1029 08:03, 1 Mar 2004 (UTC)

Yes, they are copyrighted. Indian Government copyright runs for 60 years from date of publication. David Newton 20:49, 31 Mar 2004 (UTC)

Help needed[edit]

posted to Wikipedia:Village pump by anonymous User:

During the down fall( 1799) of Tippu Sultan , my ancestor migrated from ARABIA and came to the court of Tippu Sultan . He was appointed as Patel and was posted to Chickmagalore . Is it possible to obtain details about him from old records, if so what is the appropraite action I have to take . Thanks a lot Azeez


I don't know of anywhere else to ask this, but does anyone know where I could find a free Forth System that supports pixel-level graphics? The only ones I can find either cost money, only support character-color graphics, or fail to work with my computer (e.x. Colorforth). Can anyone help? User:128

SourceForge of Course! [3]

"Win32Forth is ANS compatible, Forth language application development system with many tools; Interactive console, integrated extensible debugger, a GUI file editor, hypertext rendering, hyperlinked source files. VIEW <word-name> to explore the many files."

--Artoftransformation 02:35, 10 November 2005 (UTC)

Botanist needed![edit]

Can some botanist check the new flower pics I uploaded and tell me their official names? Image:Violet-flower-160px.jpg, Image:Beautiful-flower-160px.jpg, Image:Yellow-group-of-flowers-160px.jpg, Image:Yellow-flower-160px.jpg. Thanks! Better to answer on my talk page. Optim 12:41, 22 Jan 2004 (UTC)

Amazing flowers. -Itai 22:29, 14 Feb 2004 (UTC)
 :) Optim 03:19, 20 Feb 2004 (UTC)


sir,i want to know about recent topics in finance for doing project. i mainly concentrate on share market and banking sector.if you can help me i am greatful to you, so i humbly request you to help me. my e-mail id is resmi_rajagopal { a t }

Info Please[edit]


I haven't been able to find any information, but know that your query ranks 11th on Google's search for "Victor Coules". Sometimes I wonder whether there is any future in the web, and if there is, whether I'll be able to find it.
- Itai 22:26, 14 Feb 2004 (UTC)

Intense Pulse Light treatments - scars[edit]


I am of East Indian origin and have recently had Intense Pulse Light treatment to remove a few moles on my face. Even though I was assured by the lab technicians than this treatment does not leave behind any scars, I was left with a scab on two of the treated spots followed by a dark scar. This was last October, 3 months ago and despite the application of Vitamin A & E creams, the marks are still there, just a little lighter. Is there hope that they will eventually disappear? The lab technicians keep reassuring me that they will. The reason it is taking so long is because I have pigmented skin. Please advise as to what I can do to hasten the process of clearing up.

Thank you.


Althougt the application of topical Vitiman A and E are very good, you may want to look on the internet, or in beauty magizines for diet tips to help with your skin healing. Everyone has pigmented skin, (even a scot), except for Albinos. If you are of East Indian Origin, you must possess some of the most beautifull skin in the world. Ask the Lab Technicitans about other cases with skin of your color. Talk to a dermatologist. Artoftransformation 06:03, 9 November 2005 (UTC)

Production of 'Perfect" Light by a Firefly[edit]

Oxygen plus luciferin results in a chemical reaction that produces the "cold" light at almost 100 % efficiency. [Compared to the ca 10 % light, 90 % heat of a household Tungsten filament bulb] How is the system regenerated? Some reduction reaction must take place.


Your question looks very similar to information in this article:

Ceramic and Clay Sound Analysis[edit]

Ceramic and Clay Sound Analysis I am doing resarch on this for my final year paper (mechanical engineering). Please contact me if there is any information or if you have any leads or links to this sort of matter, please do inform me. I do need a big hand here whether from Nobel Prize Winners or from pre-school geniuses. Thank you so much.

E-mail: neospunk { a t }

Metropolitan Police changes due to CDPA 1988[edit]


I work for NCALT in association with the Metropolitan Police and have been recently tasked the job of researching and analysing the recent changes to the CDPA 1988 in the UK. I was wondering if you had any articles discussing these changes and what they mean. It is a matter of urgency because my analysis has to be completed this week. So if you could direct me to where i could find articles on your site relating to the CDPA 1988 i would be very greatful.

Many Thanks

Kamran Habib

Red Barron[edit]

I need to know the Military ID Number of Manfred von Richthofen. Can anyone help. Email me at smith63 { a t }


Glenn Smith

Rifle valuation[edit]

I would like some information on the value of a Whitworth percussion muzzle loading rifle by Cartmell. (hexagonal bore .65) Do you know of anyone in Ottawa, Canada who could give me an accurate appraisal?

Sweden's Deaf Schools[edit]

I am writing a paper about Sweden's Deaf school and would like to know what kind of budget and/or resources are devoted to their education? Any input would be greatly appreciated.

Thank you,


World War II Vets Interviewed[edit]

I remember hearing something about either the Smithsonian or the National Archive interviewing World War II vetrans. They want to record the vets' stories, for posterity's sake. Can anyone give me more information on this? →Raul654 06:54, Jan 31, 2004 (UTC) World war II vetrans have extensivly interviewed over the last 60 years this seems unneccesary.

translation needed![edit]

My name is Daniel Molina, I am a Brazilian and a i live in São Paulo, 23 years old. My question is:

"God be with you"

I really want this sentence translate it in western aramaic, i was searching in the internet and only what a found is alphabet of neo aramaic.

Please help this brasilian student!


Daniel Molina

please white it back at:

beatman { a t }

beatman { a t }

My Ancestors--Help, Please.--from Elizabeth L. Nice[edit]

Hello, My name is Elizabeth L. Nice. I am in the United States. My Father was Franklin Motes Nice and all the Nices dateing back to the 1500-1700's were from Nice, France. I have an official coat of arms and I am looking into my ancestoral background. Any information you could give me would be greatly appreciated. My Grandfathers with the name "Nice" came to the United States we believe sometime in the 1700's--As far as we know, they were all doctors--My father broke that chain and did not become a doctor. I was also told that my ancestors founded Nicetown,Philadelphia. My one Grandfather, John Jacob Mickley has the credit for being one of the men responsible for rescuing the Liberty Bell during the Revolutionary War when the British were coming to attack Philadelphia and destroy the Bell. Thankyou so much for your time and any information about my ancestors from France. Very Sincerely Yours, Elizabeth Lee Nice

re: Brigadier General Robert M Montague[edit]

I would like any information regarding the general that you have. This is extremely important as I have discovered something regarding him that should not have been discovered here. My address is www.Budmanky { a t }


While reading your info re the ancient city of Nineveh, I was wondering where I could find more information specifically about the tablets of history found while unearthing the ruins. Where are they displayed, and where have they been recorded for public interest. I am trying to find specifics regarding the historical evidence of Jonah and his ministry in Nineveh. Thank you for your help.

I will Nineveh tell you.
Britsh Museams might have a few. Artoftransformation 07:28, 9 November 2005 (UTC)

Unknown Artist[edit]

My wife and I bought a still life painting, fruit & flowers, large framed in the 1970's on the east coast, this has hung on our wall since, we have tried to research this artist with no results, I believe he may be Italian, but I don't know, the painting is signed lower right corner M. Ruggio, any help as to age or value will be most appreciated if possible, photo can be sent if needed, thank you

Victor Kovach/ email: trljcky { a t }

Observability Duals[edit]

What is observability duals in Control theory? What is defining H as G^T? -- snsendam { a t }

According to Dorf, "Modern Control Systems" There is no refrence. Let see if our friends at google can be helpfull? observability duals Return only your question. There are no Refrences. It does not mean that there are not refrences or ideas, They just are not availble on the web.

I would start by looking for a nerby univeristy that teaches Control Theory, and peek at their textbooks. Especially the indexes. Artoftransformation 07:40, 9 November 2005 (UTC)

Is Canadian american records owned or in anyway a part of MCA?[edit]

Is Canadian american records owned or in anyway a part of MCA?

sources quoted evade me[edit]

I am a student of any and all types of scripture. Albeit semi retired. Please help me to understand how the following site is "represented" (or "mis"-represented). Tidbits From The Talmud [4]

I feel like it's out of context in the worst degree and would like to see it (if it is) exposed, not to mention for my purposes of clarification. The references to the sources quoted evade me. I hope someone on the roster who would benifit by tackling this issue can help me out in this regard.

Thank You,

-- 01:21, 10 Mar 2004 (UTC)Jack William Carter

After looking at at least 10 of these sites, NONE give either the source or the expertise in hebrew scolarship nessesary for the translation. At Wikipedia, We INSIST on quoting sources,(exactly like I did.)

The quotes you have referred are both mistranslated, and out of context. (see Ask A Rabbi)

A source for reading the Talmud [Online Sacred Texts: The Talmud]

Your Talmud quotes:

[Ask a Rabbi]

"whosoever disobeys the rabbis deserves death and will be punished by being boiled in hot excrement in hell [Erubin 21b]" is not even found in the Talmud. The correct statement is "whosoever transgresses the words of the Scribes is liable for the death penalty."

[Ask a Rabbi]

"The problem stems from a misunderstanding, or a perversion, of the literature of the Talmud. The Talmud is a collection of discussions on various topics of Jewish law, but not all of the material in every discussion:

  1. ) represents the majority view;
  2. ) applies today;
  3. ) was meant to be taken seriously. "

--Artoftransformation 09:52, 10 November 2005 (UTC)


I'm looking for my friend, Deborah Sweet Walters, who worked at Eaton as controller of one of the divisions 7 yrs ago; I don't remember which one. My last number for her is (216) 523-4632.

If you can help me, I'd surely appreciate it. Thank you for your time. -- carolcartr { a t }

Wu Dynasty[edit]

From the Village pump

Dear Sir/Madam

I was wanting to know the Family Crest of this dynasty? Or if not the symbole of this dynasty! Thanks

Wu Chong Chiu

From this source: [[5]]
Please indicate the time or dynasty for which you are looking for a Crest or Coat of Arms. (Wu Who?)

and [[6]]

Are you referring to the Three kingdoms Wu "229-280 -- Wu"
These people say they have a 'Wu' Family coat of arms.
[[7]], but there is NO Picture

Sense and Reference vs. Intension and Extension[edit]

Several of the philosophy of language articles insist that the former concept should not be confused with the latter. If this is so, could someone please give some explicit criteria by which not to confuse them? Is the only difference that the former pair is for proper names while the latter is for kind terms? --Ryguasu 02:34, 18 Mar 2004 (UTC)

Are Steward and Stadtholder different?[edit]

I wonder about the relation between the concepts of Governor, Steward and Stadtholder, and about their scope of usage in English.
--Ruhrjung 02:45, 21 Mar 2004 (UTC) These title all imply the governing of something on behalf of another. Being steward, often implies being trustee, governor in its tradiional coloinial sense basicing ment representing a government in its colonial region, Stadholder, is similar to a governor. In American English Stadholder is never used, governor can imply more traditional colonial governor, but usually refers a state governor, only the term stutart suggests controlling something for someone elses benefit.

scrimshaw engravings on ivory tusks[edit]

I've got a tusk or tooth of a whale or wallrus that has an engraving of a guy in a military suit with medals on one side and 3 boats in a harbor on the other side. I think this is from the early 1800's. I'am trying to find out its origin and who made it ? craig griffin

William H. Wickham[edit]

(moved from Library Reference Services, a now deleted page. Posted there by User: moink 19:13, 22 Mar 2004 (UTC))

I have in my possesion a cane handle that was presented to A.Weitheimer Jan. 1, 1875 by Hon. W.H. Wickham who was at one time a New York City Mayor. I am trying to research the background history of this decorative cane handle. Any help would be greatly appreciated.

Johann Leaser[edit]

I have a relative which was born in Bavaria town appears to be Weivarsfeld on 11th day of October A.D. 1802 and he imagrated from the Port of Breman he left on the 26th day of September A.D.1839 I would like to know more about the area. Possibly what ship would have left at that tme. He landed in Bedford Pennsylvania United States.

Any help would be appreacaited. Sharon

James Gordon Bennett[edit]

(moved from now-deleted page moink 01:44, 23 Mar 2004 (UTC))

how did he die and where did he die and what year did he die? did he die in the texas battle ? what were the names of his pARENTS AND HIS BROTHERS OR HIS SISTERS IF HE HAD ANY?

Genealogy of Caroline Heller (Hohenzollern family)[edit]

Caroline (Hohenzollern family) was born in 1819 in Braunsch, Prussia. She was disowned by her family when she married a poor shephard named Frederick Heller (born 1811 in Braunsch, Prussia). Caroline and Frederick had a son, Albert, who was born October 12, 1842. In 1861 the family moved to Washington Township, Beecher, Illinios, USA. I'm looking for information about Caroline's parents, grandparents, siblings, etc.

Marina Tsvietaeva's suicide[edit]

Did she hang herself with a rope, a belt, or another type of cord?

Marina Ivanova Tsvetaeva. ( No 'i' ) "she hanged herself ten days later on August 31, 1941.".

You can speculate that rope was in short supply, due to the war, and curtan ropes would not be plentifull either. A belt would be the most handy, haven taken a few in a haste to evacuate. What other type of cord would be in plentifull supply, that would be commonly used for women to hang themselves? A scarf? Not likely givene the date.

Note: I cannot locate her grave either! Artoftransformation 05:29, 9 November 2005 (UTC)

Speaker of the British House of Commons[edit]

Not sure if I'm posting this in the right place, but an anononymous user added information to this article which I think is incorect but I'm certain enough to remove it. See Talk:Speaker of the British House of Commons for more information. Saul Taylor 03:37, 25 Mar 2004 (UTC)

Loose shoes[edit]

What does it mean when a person is said to prefer loose shoes?

In the earlier half of the century, a woman who wore open-toed shoes was said to be sexually "easy." Could this work in context? (In Japan, loose socks have the same connotation...) Garrett Albright 09:19, 25 Mar 2004 (UTC)

Such contation does not exist any. In my graduating law school class their was a conservative Muslim woman, always wore head scarf, it seems like she sometimes wore those types of shoes.

HTML Virus[edit]

Today I discovered that an HTML file which I had created and saved was infected by some kind of VBScript-based virus or worm. You ought to have an article on this and what to do about it... or would that just encourage the malicious? --Juuitchan 2004-03-26

Thanks. Since you have VBSCript running, and you have other things attached to text files besides text, I would suggest that you regualary scan for viruses, using a tool with the latest virus definitions. ( I do this at the beginning of every day I turn on the computer. )
A {{Compter_Virus]] requires that something both
  1. Execute and
  2. reproduce

A Raw text file, composed of HTML commands cannot execute, or reproduce, but if it contains links to activeX controls, then the HTML can, with the browsers help, install an ActiveX Control that is malicious.

Artoftransformation 05:40, 9 November 2005 (UTC)

Chatham Dockyard--1811, Kent, England[edit]

Chatham Dockyard, 1811.

1.)Where would a ship's crew be billeted while their ship was made ready to sail?
(The marines would be housed in the Marine Barracks at Brompton.)
2.)Where would the officers (Post Captain to Midshipmen) stay during this time?

I deeply appreciate answers with a reference. Thanks.

A. Milton rudolph9076 { a t }


I am trying to find out if Winfield Scott had a daughter, named Mary A. Scott, and any information I can find out about her. Please respond to etietke { a t }

Ymer Pampuri[edit]

I am trying to find some more information on the Albanian weightlifter Ymer Pampuri, but so far I have mostly Albanian sources. He has apparently broken an Olympic record in 1972, and I would like to confirm this. Here is a pdf with some details: [8] (or if you want the google HTML version [9]). A photo: [10]. Any info would be appreciated. Thanks Dori | Talk 17:16, Mar 28, 2004 (UTC)

African American Discovery Trail brochure.[edit]

I am looking for information about a brochure that was published back in 1997. It was called the "African American Discovery trail" Can anyone help me locate this brochure. I have been able to get resources of where I can go to copy the brochure but I want to see if I can get it already a pre print bonded somewhere. I know at one time it did exist.

It might be related to the Underground railroad which is how I have been looking for it since I began my search for it some time ago. Can anyone out there help me, or give me a excellent lead to find this information and publication.

Thank you in advance

Stephen Hosmer-

Sidereal vs Tropical Year and Procession of the Night Sky[edit]

I was reading about the length of the year and the different measures thereof. If I understand correctly, the fact that a sidereal year is about 20 minutes longer than a tropical year (or a vernal equinox year) would mean that a constellation near the celestial equator such as Orion which is curently only visible in the Winter (since it rises during the day in the summer), will in approximately 13,150 years time, only be visible in the summer (because the procession of the equinoxes will move about 180 degrees in that time). Does anyone know if this is correct?

It is correct, assuming that you remain on the Northern Hemisphere, above the Tropic of Cancer, you will see the Orion ( Winter constellation ) in the summer.

It has to do with the earth's precession in rotation.

The diffrence btween the sideral year, and the tropical year is:

Sideral Year: 365.242199. Tropical Year: 365.25. Diffrence = 0.007801 Days. 0.0078 Days = 0.187224 Hours = 11 Minutes 14.0064 Seconds.

And accounts for the erroius shift of the date of the equanox, and Pope Gregory's effort to fix it. ( Rotation, vs Revolution )

See Chandler_wobble, Precession, Precession and seasons.jpg Aztec_calendar [[11]]

english history[edit]

who were the members of the committeees of safety during the commonwealth 1659-60

Yiye Avila[edit]

What can you tell me regarding his television show "Miracle Network", and his article. How can I subscribe to his article.

He has a web site in Spanish:, as well as one for his TV network.

John Ericsson memorial[edit]

Can anyone give me some resources (more than 1 or 2) of the history of the John Ericsson memorial that is in Washington dc.

Thank you Stephen Hosmer-



Who Was First?[edit]

Did pedro de Quexoia come to present-day North Carolina in 1520? If he did why Giovanni da Verrazano and his crew are said to be the first Europeans to come to present-day North Carolina in 1524, if Pedro de Quexoia came in 1520?

Could you provide more information? I am unable to locate any "Quexoia" on the Internet. This site provides a brief history of early North Carolina, and mentions Giovanni da Verrazano as you did. Where did you encounter the name "Pedro de Quexoia"? func(talk) 03:20, 24 Sep 2004 (UTC)

Cartoon with polar bears=?[edit]

I saw a cartoon movie several years ago, where there was a bunch of polar bears living in Alaska or somewhere snowy and then some hunters came to kill the polar bears, but one polar bear saves all the others. Does anybody know the name of this caartoon movie?--elpenmaster

Krishna Yajur Vedataittiriya Upanishad 2.2.2[edit]

  1. What is a translation of this?
Your looking for a translation of the Upanishads.
[Vedas and Upanishads by Sanderson Beck]
[Links related to upanishads]

I can find no link to the Krishna Yajur Vedataittiriya Upanishad. But there is this "taittirIya (kRshNa yajurveda)"


"Taittiriiyopanishhad: The Taittiriiyopanishad belongs to Krishna (Black) Yajur Veda and forms the 7th - 9th chapters of the Taittiriiya Aranyaka. The Narayana Upanishad is the 10th chapter of this Aranyaka."

so: taittiriya Upanishad 2.2.2 would be:

"They who worship food as Brahman, obtain all food. For food is the oldest of all beings, and therefore it is called panacea. From food all creatures are produced; by food, when born, they grow. Because it is fed on, or because it feeds on beings, therefore it is called food (anna)."

This is probibly the most famous of the Upanaishads.

and: Krishna Yajur Veda would be: ( 7th~9th Chapters of the Taittiriiyopanishad )

"'In the beginning this was non-existent (not yet defined by form and name). From it was born what exists. That made itself its Self, therefore it is called the Self-made.'"


"Let there be a noble young man, who is well read (in the Veda), very swift, firm, and strong, and let the whole world be full of wealth for him, that is one measure of human bliss.

One hundred times that human bliss (2) is one measure of the bliss of human Gandharvas (genii), and likewise of a great sage (learned in the Vedas) who is free from desires.

One hundred times that bliss of human Gandharvas is one measure of the bliss of divine Gandharvas (genii), and likewise of a great sage who is free from desires.

One hundred times that bliss of divine Gandharvas is one measure of the bliss of the Fathers, enjoying their long estate, and likewise of a great sage who is free from desires.

One hundred times that bliss of the Fathers is one measure of the bliss of the Devas, born in the Agana heaven (through the merit of their lawful works), (3) and likewise of a great sage who is free from desires.

One hundred times that bliss of the Devas born in the Agana heaven is one measure of the bliss of the sacrificial Devas, who go to the Devas by means of their Vaidik sacrifices, and likewise of a great sage who is free from desires.

One hundred times that bliss of the sacrificial Devas is one measure of the bliss of the (thirty-three) Devas, and likewise of a great sage who is free from desires.

One hundred times that bliss of the (thirty-three) Devas is one measure of the bliss of Indra, (4) and likewise of a great sage who is free from desires.

One hundred times that bliss of Indra is one measure of the bliss of Brihaspati, and likewise of a great sage who is free from desires.

One hundred times that bliss of Brihaspati is one measure of the bliss of Pragapati, and likewise of a great sage who is free from desires.

One hundred times that bliss of Pragapati is one measure of the bliss of Brahman, and likewise of a great sage who is free from desires.

(5) He who is this (Brahman) in man, and he who is that (Brahman) in the sun, both are one.

He who knows this, when he has departed this world, reaches and comprehends the Self which consists of food, the Self which consists of breath, the Self which consists of mind, the Self which consists of understanding, the Self which consists of bliss. On this there is also this Sloka:

"He who knows the bliss of that Brahman, from whence all speech, with the mind, turns away unable to reach it, he fears nothing.'"

2. Should that be Krishna Yajur Vedataittiriya Upanishad?

No, I would guess Krishna Yajur Veda taittiriya Upanishad Taittiriya_Upanishad

3. How are the verses numbered?

The verses are numbered sequentially, but the books are orginized in a structure that is content related. (Extreme over simplification)
This is 2.2.2 is Second Valli.Second Anuvaka.Second Verse
Please forgive this old brown blood bag, his forgetting of sanskrit. --Artoftransformation 05:43, 10 November 2005 (UTC)

-[[User:Eequor|η♀υωρ]] 02:57, 1 Oct 2004 (UTC)

Quartic Equation[edit]

I would be glad, if somebody with good math skills could check, if I changed the article Quartic equation correctly, and if yes: Why is it correct? Thank you. --Riddick 20:57, 1 Oct 2004 (UTC)

what type of processor?[edit]

hi what type of processor can i use to connect to 20connections which are connected to a 12 v motor and to gun aiming target and someother connections like that?how they can be connected and what is the reason to connect that only? - Anonymous

I'm afraid I don't understand what this question is asking. -- Cyrius| 05:59, 7 Oct 2004 (UTC)

Army Shoulder Cords[edit]

What are the guidelines and regulations for wearing the Army Branch Shoulder Cords on the right shoulder. Can't find anything on this.

AR 670-1 only specifies the guidelines for wearing them on the uniform, not for earning them.

These are not aiguilettes, which Staff wear, These are shoulder cords of of the color of every Branch in the Army. The most prevalent is the Infantry (Light Blue).

Please respond to papi539 { a t }

What butterfly species ?[edit]

User Donarreiskofferhas uploaded several butterfly pictures and released them under GFDL. Pictures were taken in a butterfly garden, so they don't have species information. Also it is not known where on the Earth the species are from. Does someone recognize what species they are? I think Image:Butterfly_zwin2.jpg looks a lot like zebra heliconian and Image:Butterfly zwin8.jpg thoas swallowtail. I need other people's estimates. Then the pictures could ideally be used in species articles or genus articles. -Hapsiainen 17:03, Oct 8, 2004 (UTC)

Is it possible to build a cable SCART to SVHS?[edit]

(output)VCR-SCART to (input)SVHS capture card on PC.

Television Markets[edit]

Do we have pages anywhere that list the counties in each television market? PedanticallySpeaking 17:01, Oct 12, 2004 (UTC)

Ancient designs[edit]

can anyone help me find information on ancient building designs? I am a student from Texas State Techinical College. I have a term paper on the "evolution of Drafting and Design" I would greatly appreaciate any help I can get.My e-mail is morris_prevatt2000 { a t }

Local on site support for Server 2003[edit]

Is there anyone who does on site set up of Server 2003 in Lafayette, IN (or from Chicago to Indianapolis)?


Kung Fu movies[edit]

Does anyone know a good site (or article here) that lists some of the most essential kung fu movies (classics)? Any must-see recommandations would be cool as well. Thanks, Dori | Talk 04:49, Oct 24, 2004 (UTC)

Domino's Bubble Gum[edit]

I was searching through the clearance bin of a rather disreputable store around here, and found the store's item tag for "Domino's Bubble Gum". Anybody know anything about this? Was it made by the pizza chain? (There's probably an article in the making...) [[User:Rhymeless|Rhymeless | (Methyl Remiss)]] 06:42, 25 Oct 2004 (UTC)

Had nothing to do with the Pizza chain. As a kid we would buy it in order to get either the Baseball or Football cards. Cost about 5 cents a pack - got a wad of gum and 3 cards.

Chemical Dependency classes[edit]

I'm trying to find classes for my CEU. Can you help me

Seattle sports trivia (ANSWERED)[edit]

Can someone tell me when was the last time that the University of Washington Huskies, and the Seattle Seahawks both won home games in Seattle on the same weekend? Seems a long, long time. Thanks if you can help.

November 1-2, 2003. UW beat Oregon 42-10, and the Seahawks beat Pittsburgh 23-16. --Matt Yeager 07:21, August 21, 2005 (UTC)

band - Uberschall[edit]

I would like to see something written about the group/band Uberschall that works with the Blue Man Group in the Music/heavy metal section plese. Information on the band members, bios, etc. thank you. wanda bradford <email address removed>

free radio stations to download[edit]

Howdy I am looking for free radio staions to download ....Thank you for a prompt consise answer...

Stationripper - Lakeman

statistics question[edit]

I have some data, but they've been stratified to reduce a confounder. I have calculated the odds ratio in each group, and am aware of what a 95% confidence interval is. How do I calculate a pooled estimate of the odds ratio together with a 95% confidence interval? Dunc| 22:37, 15 Dec 2004 (UTC)

Rubber Ducky song (no, not that one)[edit]

Years ago, I heard the rubber ducky song, but I can't remember the words or find it on the net. No, not the one that Ernie sings, but the one that replaces references to Ernie's favorite toy with references to the floppy antenna frequently used by handheld Amateur radios (and uses the same tune). What were the (parodyed) words? --ssd 05:21, 17 Dec 2004 (UTC)

there was a spinoff of the Kylie Minogue song going 2I should b so lucky zith my rubber ducky". But then again, i know thats not helpful--Wonderfool 00:19, 22 Dec 2004 (UTC)


I am interested in any information on the % of African Americans that celebrate Kwanzaa. Is this proportion rising or falling? Is it more prevalent among any particular sub-groups (blacks in Southern states vs. Northern; Christian vs. non-Christian; rich vs. poor). ike9898 17:09, Dec 18, 2004 (UTC)

  • Here's some information: a 2003 poll by the National Retail Federation said that 1.6% of all American consumers would celebrate Kwanzaa that year. [14] The same poll is cited in the Kwanzaa article. Similarly, a Fox News poll in 2004 reported that 2% of all Americans celebrate Kwanzaa. [15] African-Americans make up about 12.9% of the US population, so this suggests that less than one-sixth of African-Americans celebrate Kwanzaa. (In other words, I don't know how many non-black Americans celebrate Kwanzaa, but even if everyone who celebrated Kwanzaa were black, these polls suggest that the Kwanzaa celebrators would make up less than 1/6 of the black population.) I can't find any data about subgroups. --Metropolitan90 06:07, 10 November 2005 (UTC)

ABC Past television broadcast of college football games[edit]

Hi hoping you can help me or point me in right direction.Looking for past broadcast of college football games played in the 60's and 70's. Wondering if there is a archive or central place i could contact to talk about to about a game to see if it exist and the possibility of seeing or getting a copy of the past broadcast. Hoping there is a central contact source or point to start at.

Thank you and Happy Holidays

M67 90mm Recoilless Rifle Maker[edit]

Does anyone know what company manufactured the M67 recoilless rifle? The closest I could get with google was that it was made by the US, but I'm pretty sure the US gov didn't make it themselves. --Aqua 09:27, Dec 23, 2004 (UTC)


Copied from article namespace:
i want to know more about gulu district in uganda,i also want to know about the districts that sorround gulu and also the towns and villages in gulu. User:

Radioactive decay chains[edit]

I'm looking for someone who knows anything at all about this topic. Please see Talk:Decay chain. --Smack 20:43, 28 Dec 2004 (UTC)

Music list from Rollcage Stage 2 on PC[edit]

Hi, Can anyone supply me with a track list (music, that is, not racetrack) from the PC videogame Rollcage Stage 2? I know two of the tracks on it - track 2 is Control by MKL and track 3 is Surrender by MKL. Also, the music on the PC is not the same as on the Playstation version, which was used as the basis for the album "Rollcage Stage 2: the soundtrack"

Thanks Noodhoog 23:30, 11 Jun 2005 (UTC)

"Millimeter waves"[edit]

In my copy of New Scientist's 100 things to do before you die suppliment, it discusses "millimeter waves" as being rather like a real version of the "x-ray goggles" that used to be advertised in magazines. It says merely that they are between infrared and microwaves in wave length, they pass through clothing and reflect of anything contain water. It goes on to say that law enforcement agencies use "millimeter wave cameras" which can frisk people from a distance.

What are these? Do we have an aricle on them? I trust New Scientist, but haven't heard of this before... — Asbestos | Talk 00:18, 12 Jun 2005 (UTC)

Oh wait, found the article Terahertz radiation, which is obviously what NS was talking about. They only mention technologies under development, though. Does any technology using these waves currently exit, as the New Scientist claims? — Asbestos | Talk 00:21, 12 Jun 2005 (UTC)
I've never heard of any application which exploits the electromagnetic spectrum at these frequencies. It would be quite an innovation though I think. I'm sort of curious about the sorts of transitions that this would cause in the water molecule which would prevent it from "passing" through it. I might ask around and get back to you if I find something useful; it does sound quite neat! Thanks for sharing it with the reference desk. --HappyCamper 04:06, 15 Jun 2005 (UTC)

Need literary source of illustration of "wonderful moo-moo bird"[edit]

I am trying to find the source fairy tale or fable that was used to generate the illustration of the "wonderful moo-moo bird" in the 1930's art poster by Jaro Hess of "The Land of Make Believe". Glassylady

The Wonderful Moo-moo Bird was an invention of the fantasy illustrator Jaro Hess. It was published in a wonderful children's poster, first published in 1930, entitled "The Land of Make Believe"

For more information, refer to:'%20Columns.htm Reproduced here:

July 17, 2005 “The Wonderful Moo-Moo Bird”

Jaro Hess was born in Czechoslovakia in 1895, into a well to do family. His father was an engineer in a steel mill. Young Jaro learned to speak German from his governess. In 1916 he painted a watercolor of a tranquil lakeside scene. At some point he emigrated to America, where he worked in the steel mills of Gary, Indiana, and later owned a successful landscape gardening firm in Michigan. During World War II he worked in an aircraft factory in Virginia, and also as a tool designer. His brother was Alexander Hess, a much-decorated Czech pilot. In 1975 Jaro Hess won a second place award at the Grand Valley (Michigan) artist’s show for his painting “The Jungle,” which he described as a fantasy. Jaro Hess died in 1981.

And that’s all we know about Jaro Hess, except for one other thing: In 1933 he entered another of his paintings, “The Land of Make Believe,” into a competition at the Chicago World’s Fair, where it won an award in the Children’s Literature Division. A mystery in that painting has been driving us, and many of our customers, and (through the wonder of email and book chat groups) people all over the world, crazy for the past month or so, and so now we’re doing what we should have done in the first place: We’re asking you to help solve it.

Many of you remember Sarah Robinson, who occupied this space in the newspaper some years ago. Sarah is a good friend of ours, and also a good customer, and also a prolific reader, and also a doting grandmother. She was also a child once herself, and one of the things she remembers from her childhood is the beautiful poster which hung in her bedroom. It depicted many scenes from children’s books, and Sarah remembered it so fondly that she wished to give the same poster to her own grandchild, and also to give the child copies of each of the stories depicted on the poster. After a long search, Sarah did in fact find the poster on the internet, and did in fact order copies for her grandchild. That poster, it turns out, is a copy of Jaro Hess’s World’s Fair painting, “The Land of Make Believe,” and it is in fact stunningly beautiful. Our jaws dropped when we saw it.

We saw it when Sarah brought the poster by the store, and asked us to order whatever books were necessary so that her grandchild could pick out any scene on the poster and then be able to read the story it represented. “No problem,” we said, and then proceeded to eat those words, for it turns out that we know far less than we think we do. There are 60 scenes on the poster. We pretty quickly identified 44 of them, but that left 16 we just could not figure out.

Again, because we never learn, we said “No problem.” We would just ask the help of our customers, who we thought knew everything. But rather than ask about 16 obscure scenes from children’s literature, we thought we’d just ask about one at a time, so we picked out the most intriguing of the 16 and emailed our entire customer list and asked, “Do you know of a character in children’s literature called The Wonderful Moo-Moo Bird?”

Nothing we’ve ever done has created so much uproar, to so little effect. There have been scores of guesses, but no correct ones. People stop us on the street to ask if we’ve found the right book. One lady got mad at us, because she thought we knew the answer but were withholding it (we don’t). Many people have done a Google search and discovered a book, The Brown Moo Bird, by Aymon de Sales, but it was published too recently, in 1970.

So now we turn to the person we obviously should have started with – YOU! Please, help put an end to this. Call, write, email, or come by the store, but please tell us: Who – or what - was the Wonderful Moo-Moo Bird?

And after that, we have 15 more questions for you.

To view this amazing painting, and to purchase a print, refer to the URL below.

Image Gallery One contains close shots of:

The Sun Compass The shoe where the old lady lives Red Riding Hood visits Grandma The Pied Pipper The Mermaids Jack climbing the bean stalk Humpty-Dumpty's great fall Sailing Ship The Talking Bird Moo-Moo Bird Magic Carpet The Wind and the Sea Babies

Jaro Hess also produced another poster entitled "The Land of the New Testament"

Additional information:

Jaro J. Hess (d. 1981; American). Tranquil lakeside scene; watercolor, signed and dated ("1910") LL (10" x 13"). SOLD. (#C204)

Fractal Brownian Motion[edit]

I have been stuck on this for a while. What is maximum likelihood function for fractal brownian motion? It is related to brownian motion and gaussian distributions. I am also looking for the original paper where this is derived. Thanks in advance! --HappyCamper 12:58, 15 Jun 2005 (UTC)

If fractal brownian motion is the same as a Lévy flight then try Lévy distribution. Gandalf61 14:53, Jun 15, 2005 (UTC)
Hmm...I don't think that's what I'm looking for. The sequence should be normally distributed, but somehow it's autocorrelation decreases exponentially... --HappyCamper 20:38, 15 Jun 2005 (UTC)
Maybe Autoregressive moving average model PAR 16:54, 24 September 2005 (UTC)


Would a kind synthetic chemist volunteer to make a small quantity of buckminsterfullerene, dissolve it in a vial of benzene, and take a picture of it for Wikipedia? What colour is the substance in and out of solution? --HappyCamper 15:00, 20 Jun 2005 (UTC)

  • I think it takes too long to just make it especially for wikipedia, but if someone got it lying around, I think you've got a good chance, I'll check with my local organic chemistry department to see if they know. - Mgm|(talk) 15:48, Jun 20, 2005 (UTC)
  • I'm sure you know the solvent can influence the color of a solution, why do you want it to be dissolved in benzene? - Mgm|(talk) 15:50, Jun 20, 2005 (UTC)
I think a dilute solution of buckminsterfullerene in benzene (or even toulene) should give a pretty colour. It would be good for the article, as it would impress on the reader that buckminsterfullerene is indeed a novel substance. Even though it can be found in say, soot (and might even look like soot at first sight), it has some very unique chemical properties. --HappyCamper 23:49, 20 Jun 2005 (UTC)
you're about a decade too late most people just buy the stuff these days. The colour depends a lot on impurities though.Geni 02:24, 25 Jun 2005 (UTC)
What colour is it? I'd really like to know, even if it has impurities, it should not significant enough to shift the spectrum so much. Is it reddish-yellowish? Or bluish-purplish? --HappyCamper 15:43, 25 Jun 2005 (UTC)

Palm 500 sync with Thunderbird[edit]

I am migrating from Outlook on Win2k to Thunderbird on Win2k. I used to sync my email inbox with Outhouse, and want to do the same for Thunderbird. I am of the opinion that this has nothing to do with the address book / contacts issue, which is all I can find on the web. Any help would be gratfully recieved. Palm probss 02:25, 22 Jun 2005 (UTC)

What is the history of the Ethene industry?[edit]

I am doing an assignment on the ethene industry and I am having trouble finding information on ethene, such as when it was first manufactured/how and when newer methods were first used ie fractional distillation. And I have tried searching using ethylene and I am still coming up blank. Thanx in advance, Jon Wednesday, June 22 2005

Did you spell it correctly? "ethylene"
Are you a revenuer?

:The process was probably first used in the production of intoxicating beverages.

Which would implicate the french chemists of the .. Oh!

[[16]] "brandy was actually invented by Dutch wine merchants. During the 15th century"

Artoftransformation 05:53, 9 November 2005 (UTC)

Fertility and age[edit]

Does WP have an article about the ages women have had kids in the past and do now? For example, the BBC's "Infertility time bomb" warning says they were intended to have kids late teens/early twenties.--anon

Identify my shell stone?[edit]

I found this shell stone on the beach at Redcliffe (Moreton Bay, in Queensland) when I was six years old in 1970. I always carried it in my pocket. Years later at high school, I was sent to the Science Master to get 6 cuts from his cane for playing up. I whipped my shell stone from my pocket and engaged him in conversation about it: "Ahh! An Operculum!" he said. Completely forgot about whacking me. Can anyone identify the gastropod from which it came?

I've reduced your images to thumbnails, to save everyone's bandwidth.-gadfium 09:16, 25 Jun 2005 (UTC)
Thank you... training wheels got a speed wobble-cathetus

New poem by Sappho[edit]

If anyone has the Times Literary Supplement, can you please type out the original text of the new poem by Sappho? [17] that would be great; dab () 18:33, 25 Jun 2005 (UTC)

Dante's Divine Comedy dramatised: characters individiualised by dialects & languages[edit]

I am in the final stages of writing an Italian/English dramatisation of Dante's Divina Commedia. Naturally, it contains a lot of talk and it has occurred to me belatedly that the characters could be individualised with accents or an occasional word or phrase appropriate to their region, time and status. The dialects/languages are mostly of Italy but there is also Latin, French, Frankish, Aramaic and Greek. I can supply Dante's words (with English) for the character(s). Can anybody help me? All contributions will be responded to and contributors will ultimately be acknowledged in the dramatisations's Programme.

I can supply - not dialect words - but anyhow a related hint. In February 2004 the City Theatre of Gothenburg, Sweden <> presented a highly praised stage dramatisation of the "Commedia". It ran in Swedish, which is not your line. But you might perhaps get interesting impulses from another scenic version of the story.


What is the theological basis for the succession of Levitical Priesthood in the Eastern Orthodox Church? Christans saw themselves as the choosen people, succeding the jews in that role, christian thus saw it as succeeding the jewish priesthood.


I have a oil painting by Tovine I would like to know who tovine is How old the painting is or print Icant seam to find anything about tovine anywhere. thank you



I have the original, is it worth much? Considering selling it to museum.

After Leon Trotsky's death, was Frida Kahlo for or against Stalin?[edit]

Hi Wikipedians! I have been learning about Frida Kahlo, and it seems that there is an inconsistency b/w the descriptions of Frida's political affiliation after the death of Leon Trotsky within the entry for Frida Khalo and the entry for Diego Rivera.

Diego Rivera entry says:

"Following Trotsky's Death Rivera and Kahlo both became Anti-Revisionists/Anti-Stalinists." NOTE - Who writes this crap? you couldn't be anti-revisionist and anti-stalinist. The anti-stalinists were the revisionists!

Frida Khalo's entry says:

"Sometime after Trotsky's death, Frida denounced her former friend and praised the Soviet Union under Stalin. She spoke favorably of Mao, calling China "the new socialist hope". Her home was decorated with socialist art, including portraits of Marx, Engels, Stalin, and Mao."

...uh, which is it? NOTE - I would suggest the Diego Rivera entry is clearly at fault since it is a contradiction, Kahlo's entry appears correct, though I would reccomend reading a BOOK if you actually want to learn something. Every entry on wikipedia is full of innaccuracies and misinformation

thanks! --David Knight Freida had an affair with trotsky, and they where close personal friends. It is likely that the event made her unsympathetic to Stalin. Diego Rivera was also friends with Trotsky, originally allowed Trotsky to stay his secure estate, when he found out Trotsky was with his wife he made leave, the home trotsky aquired was less secure, making easier for a homeinvading asassin to get him. After trotsky was killed Rivera blamed himself for trotskys death.

Reference page on U.S.S. HENLEY[edit]

(preceding unsigned comment by 2005-07-05 21:08:44 CDT)

Erm, did you try USS Henley? What was the question? Bovlb 2005-07-06 04:03:36 (UTC)

Office of Special Plans article...about the annexe to the Committee Report[edit]

In the Wikipedia article about the Office of Special Plans, it mentions an annexe to the Report of the Subcommittee on Pre-war Intellgence about WMDs. However, I have not been able to find this annexe on the internet. Could you provide a link where this information can be found?

Robert Wangila[edit]

Moved from Robert Wangila:

Was Robert Wangila the only person in olympic history to knockout 5 people???

In case it's not clear, Wangila was a boxer who won an Olympic gold for Kenya in the welterweight division in Seoul. --Robert Merkel 6 July 2005 04:43 (UTC)

iris weiss bennett[edit]

I am looking for information on either Iris Bennett, wife of Thomsas Izod Bennett, Godfather of Thomas Merton and/or her father, who is described as a great Protestant patriach who dominated French Calvinism from the Rue des Saints-Peres.

Fox McCloud[edit]

Does Fox McCloud in Star Fox have any siblings that people know about? Does Fox McCloud have a Mom?, and if so what is her name?


Television Advertising - permitted maximum[edit]

I read in the business pages of The Times of 12th July, 2005 that Commercial TV will lose it's restrictions of 12 minutes advertising per hour. Does this effect all UK Commercial Stations? Brooke1.--Brooke1 15:01, 13 July 2005 (UTC)

Coastal Survey Schooner Phoenix[edit]

The Coastal Survey had acquired Phoenix from the U.S.Navy in late 1845. In November of 1845 Coastal Survey Schooner Phoenix sailed from New York to the vicinity of Mobile Bay and was the first vessel of the Survey on the Gulf Coast. In 1847 she was used for hydrographic studies but was soon relegated to the role of providing transportation and housing for triangulation and topographic parties for the remainder of her life in the Survey. The Coast Survey Schooner Phoenix was a typical Coast Survey vessel with a length of 70 feet, a beam of 17 feet, and draft of 7 feet. The Phoenix served with the Survey until 1857 and her final disposition is not known.

I am looking for additional historical information regarding this schooner as well as any images (line drawings or photographs)of the schooner.

Thank you,

Robert M. Pendleton Email: <e-mail address removed>

Name on back of vintage photo 1880-1900[edit]

I cannot read the name on the back of a very old Cabinet photo that I have. It is from the Odessa, Washington area and probably dates in the 1880's. I believe that the photo is of children of imigrants that came to America. The name on the back of the photo looks like it could be Hebrew. I have made a copy of the front and back of the photo and am hoping that someone could let me know what it says. I can email the copy to someone if they are interested in helping me and I would really appreciate any help. The words look like: Jolhlinb Yofmomb iful of ifur. Thank you.


Is there any Livingston estates in Wales that haven't been resolved? There is a family story that there was a Livingston that left 20 million dollars to his family in America?

USA Heritage railroads[edit]

Is there a list of heritage or preserved railroads in USA?

Is shoe polish a colloid?[edit]

Is shoe polish a colloid, and if so, what kind of colloid is it? Cheers. Proto t c 09:02, 19 July 2005 (UTC)

Uncle Tom's Cabin[edit]

Is Adolph the husband of Mammy in Uncle Tom's Cabin? If not, then is he married to any of the other St. Clare slaves? Karl.

Muntinlupa as the Emerald City of the Philippines[edit]

How did this come to be? I’m really curious.

Cleopatras Needle, Embankment London UK[edit]


I am resaerching my family history and it has been brought to my attention that my family may have been involved in supplying the scaffolding for Cleopatra's Needle on the Embankment, London.

My ancestors were of the surname Parsons, and I think it may have been a George Robert Parsons involved with the Parsons and Sons haulage contractors of Commercial Rd London.

Just a long shot but would you know anything about this or where I could look to try and authenticate the story.

Thank you hopefully