Wikipedia:Reference desk/Archives/Miscellaneous/2012 April 28

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April 28[edit]

graphic design[edit]

What are the programs used in graphic design — Preceding unsigned comment added by 41.95.115.120 (talk) 08:42, 28 April 2012 (UTC)

Did you bother to check graphic design, for starters? -- ♬ Jack of Oz[your turn] 09:30, 28 April 2012 (UTC)
Basically anything in the Adobe Design Premium Suite is an example of a genre of program used in graphic design. The one thing they lack there is any kind of 3D modeler, which is also pretty common these days. Graphic design is an extremely broad category at this point; most graphic designers specialize in a subset of these programs (e.g. only print, or only web, or only film). --Mr.98 (talk) 14:24, 28 April 2012 (UTC)
I don't know if this is still true, but apart from Aldus/Adobe PageMaker (now superseded by the Adobe InDesign suite), the other family of graphic design programs was QuarkXPress when I took some typography summer classes at RISD twenty years ago. One summer we used PageMaker and the next one (with a different instructor) we used Quark. But, as Mr. 98 said above, graphic design is a very broad field, whose ranges and possibilities have exploded over the last couple of decades. If you could give us more a more specific field of graphic design, someone here could probably give you a more useful answer. —— Shakescene (talk) 07:52, 5 May 2012 (UTC)

squeaking with a saxaphone reed[edit]

the article sweep (puppet) says that the puppet Sweeps voice was made with a saxophone reed. but how do i actually make all those noises with just a reed?? Thanks 139.184.30.132 (talk) 10:42, 28 April 2012 (UTC)

If you mean with just a piece of reed (or grass), watch this YouTube video. Category: What children did before Xbox was invented - hours of fun. Alansplodge (talk) 16:15, 28 April 2012 (UTC)
See also: Swazzle, kazoo. These are Wikipedia articles that describe something of how performers get sound out of such things, so please don't just remove my comment without an edit summary again. 86.140.54.3 (talk) 16:26, 28 April 2012 (UTC)
Apologies if that's what happened. There was an edit conflict and we lost both our revisions. You may be interested in this Japanese chap playing a tune with a lilly leaf. Alansplodge (talk) 16:34, 28 April 2012 (UTC)
I'm getting lots of edit conflicts lately; previews are taking way too long and sometimes don't come through at all; even saves are taking way too long; and diffs are horrible and almost unreadable, with silly non-functioning horizontal scroll bars interspersed through them. What have they done with our beloved Wikipedia? -- ♬ Jack of Oz[your turn] 21:43, 28 April 2012 (UTC)
I am not familiar with the character, but I watched this video and that sounds like a saxophone mouthpiece fitted with a reed (but no actual saxophone to fill out the sound). Perfect for annoying your band director when you're 10. Orange Suede Sofa (talk) 03:12, 30 April 2012 (UTC)

Hi All, You need a reed,a mouthpiece (sax, clarinet, oboe or bassoon all work)and a balloon/rubber bladder. Wet the reed in your mouth or in water, cover the mouthpiece with the neck of the balloon and cinch it down with a rubber band (as you would form a seal with your lips when playing) and give it a squeeze. Larger, stiffer balloons allow longer, more precise or controlled sounds. Try it!

Ford Consul Capri 1962-64[edit]

ford consul capri 62-64 any info on hooper [coachbuilder] version with full leather very rare — Preceding unsigned comment added by 81.157.109.182 (talk) 19:03, 28 April 2012 (UTC)

Have you read our article on the Ford Capri? If that doesn't have the information you're looking for, can you please be more speficic with your question as to what information you're seeking? RudolfRed (talk) 22:53, 28 April 2012 (UTC)
This blog is about the restoration of a Hooper Consul Capri in the UK. Some more information on this page which includes links. Here is a translation of the German page. We have an article on Hooper (coachbuilder) although it doesn't mention the Capri, neither does THE COACHBUILDERS ENCYCLOPEDIA: Hooper & Co. If you have £4.99 to spare, you could buy this advertisement on eBay. Alansplodge (talk) 00:37, 29 April 2012 (UTC)

Broom handles[edit]

How are cylindrical broom handles made?--92.25.110.185 (talk) 20:42, 28 April 2012 (UTC)

By woodturning on a lathe, or are they too long? Mikenorton (talk) 20:47, 28 April 2012 (UTC)
if you were making broom handles to sell at a profit, wood you turn them? also, you cant see any turning marks on them.--92.25.110.185 (talk) 20:58, 28 April 2012 (UTC)
Perhaps Season 4 ep. 6 of How it's made shows how they make it? Jarkeld.alt (Talk) 20:59, 28 April 2012 (UTC)
I have a broom with a light iron or steel pipe as a handle. It was very cheap. HiLo48 (talk) 21:58, 28 April 2012 (UTC)
Im talking wooden broom handles.--92.25.110.185 (talk) 23:16, 28 April 2012 (UTC)
This suggests that my first idea was probably right, a list of wood turners and several of them producing broom handles. Mikenorton (talk) 23:26, 28 April 2012 (UTC)
Broom handles and dowels could be made by turning, but they could also be made by a machine which moved a billet of wood through a set of cutters with several tools cutting along the length of the billet. I see longitudinal marks left from the cutting rather than circular marks going around the handle on mass produced brooms.If they were turned on a lathe, the length and thinness would make them whip around if spun at typical high speeds. A way around this would be to turn down one or more spots to the final radius, then support the work there with a roller while the rest of the cutting was done. If the billet of square stick were pushed through an assembly of cutters cutting the wood, this problem would not bee seen. The rounded end could be done with a separate spinning rotating cutter. Edison (talk) 00:49, 29 April 2012 (UTC)

I am reminded of the "Fork Handles" joke ! — Preceding unsigned comment added by 85.211.154.241 (talk) 05:55, 29 April 2012 (UTC)

i.e. Fork Handles. --ColinFine (talk) 16:15, 29 April 2012 (UTC)
Is it possible that some manufacturers use the dowel plate method?--78.148.133.150 (talk) 17:05, 29 April 2012 (UTC)
At a guess, a long stick is probably fed into a lathe with a cutter head that rotates around the stick (rather then rotating the stick against a stationary cutter). The rotating head probably includes a sanding element for a smooth finish. A different part of the same machine, probably separates the resulting dowel into individual broom handles. Dowel#Manufacturing process has some insight into the process. Astronaut (talk) 00:22, 1 May 2012 (UTC)

Folk music[edit]

Why is it that foreign folk music sounds good but American folk music doesn't? --108.206.4.199 (talk) 21:22, 28 April 2012 (UTC)

Because different people have different musical tastes. --Colapeninsula (talk) 21:37, 28 April 2012 (UTC)
The question is based on the falsest of false premises. If you assume that whatever you like is what everyone else likes, and whatever you dislike is what everyone else dislikes, then all I can say is, you're dead wrong. -- ♬ Jack of Oz[your turn] 21:39, 28 April 2012 (UTC)
Because you are more susceptible to fashion than you thought you were. 86.140.54.3 (talk) 21:40, 28 April 2012 (UTC)
Assuming you're American, it's the same principle by which we often consider foreign accents to be charming. It's different. I imagine psychologists have some technical term for it. Clarityfiend (talk) 00:23, 29 April 2012 (UTC)
The question assumes an unsubstantiated claim is true. Edison (talk) 00:42, 29 April 2012 (UTC)
It's the same guy who asked why feminists "support" porn. I detect a trend. ←Baseball Bugs What's up, Doc? carrots→ 00:52, 29 April 2012 (UTC)
Same IP address does not mean it's the same person. RudolfRed (talk) 01:14, 29 April 2012 (UTC)
Loaded questions based on bogus premises, 3 of them (at least) from the same IP. Do the math. ←Baseball Bugs What's up, Doc? carrots→ 03:46, 29 April 2012 (UTC)
Tom Lehrer had some comments on the theory:[1]Baseball Bugs What's up, Doc? carrots→ 00:50, 29 April 2012 (UTC)
Oh BB, I've been a fan of Tom for a very long time, but never encountered that one. It's a gem. Thank you. Now, is Tom Lehrer's work folk music? HiLo48 (talk) 01:19, 29 April 2012 (UTC)
I would say it qualifies as "satire". For further commentary on folk songs, see if you can find the one called "The Folk Song Army". ←Baseball Bugs What's up, Doc? carrots→ 03:45, 29 April 2012 (UTC)
Tom Lehrer satirised all folk music [2] - including his "Irish Ballad". Mikenorton (talk) 09:20, 29 April 2012 (UTC)

Blues is American folk music, and its popularity is undisputed, particularly if you consider that rock and roll derives from it. Country & Western has a lot of followers too. Itsmejudith (talk) 18:08, 29 April 2012 (UTC)

There is also a lot of American folk music which is not blues. --Viennese Waltz 07:27, 30 April 2012 (UTC)
Unfortunately, the OP doesn't seem interested in followup discussion. ←Baseball Bugs What's up, Doc? carrots→ 04:19, 1 May 2012 (UTC)