Wikipedia:Reference desk archive/Miscellaneous/January 2006

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January 1[edit]

Books of Wisdom above 33 degrees?[edit]

There is a buzz around that some institution of higher learning has broken the seal of Solomon and has released a brand new book of Wisdom, revealing wisdom above 33° from Solomon's Temple? Any informaton on published data on the subject?

The ritual information revealed in Masonic and other organizations' rites is not actually from such places as Solomon's Temple. A glimpse at our articles on Solomon's temple and Freemasonry will make that clear. Given that, it is quite impossible for a university or research institution to have done what you talk about. My father, a lifelong Mason who recently did advanced work, is unaware of any new rituals above the (honorary) 33 degree in that organization. --George 22:03, 1 January 2006 (UTC)

Small Island[edit]

Does anybody know of any small inhabited islands roughly 3 by 8 miles beginning with A?

Try looking here List of islands. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 00:39, 1 January 2006 (UTC)
These look better List of islands by name and Islands (look for ones about 62km2 or 24 sq mi). CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 00:48, 1 January 2006 (UTC)


This is probably a strange place to ask, but I'm not sure where else to do so. I'm looking for a good pair of luxury ("designer") mens' slippers. Any tips? --Anon.

  • Try here. It's's Mens Slippers, highest price first. Or here, a simple Google search. Happy New Year! Deltabeignet 05:23, 1 January 2006 (UTC)
    • I've always been happy with the stuff from Woolrich and L.L. Bean. Dismas|(talk) 18:14, 1 January 2006 (UTC)
      • Try - the stuff is great and the price is right.


-- 01:31, 1 January 2006 (UTC)marquisa@...t I am looking for information on the first gun ever built. It was called an arcabus (the spelling could be off)If anyone knows anything about this could they please let me know. Edit - removed email.

Try arquebus. alteripse 01:35, 1 January 2006 (UTC)
However, the earliest gun would be the Gonne, not the Arquebus GeeJo (t) (c) 02:32, 1 January 2006 (UTC)


The articles for both Collegeboard and ETS state that they are indepedent entities, and that one "administers" the test while the other "develops" it or something ambiguous like that. What exactly is the distinction? -JianLi 16:22, 28 December 2005 (UTC)

It looks like Collegeboard set the exams, and ETS mark them (to a provided mark scheme). Morwen - Talk 16:25, 28 December 2005 (UTC)

Where did the hejab originate?[edit]

Try Hijab as it has information. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 04:38, 1 January 2006 (UTC)

Does Italy have "pictures" as symbols for different words[edit]

My boyfriend and i want to get matching tatoos. We are both Italian and think it would be fit to put love, trust and friendship. We would like to do it in symbols instead of words and i was hoping that maybe there is some sort of Italian symbol for each just as, for example, the Celtic symbol is the Celtic knot. —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talkcontribs)

I don't believe Italy has such a thing. The closest I could think of would be writing it all in Latin. You could try looking for Ancient Roman symbology. (Also, the 'meanings' behind Celtic knotwork are relatively modern - we have no proof that they meant anything.) DuctapeDaredevil 21:12, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

jeezy and akon[edit]

about young jeezy and akon, are they related? well i came up with this question because jeezy(or akon i think) gave a hint on 106 and park about it so im wondering if its true.

this question might be more easily answered by people who have time to waste on such things... 04:49, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

Unknown necklace symbol[edit]

What is this?

I found the following necklace among a big box of jumble. It came with a small insert saying "what it was and what it does" which I wished to parody on my blog (does anyone actually buy these things!?) but alas i threw the paper away. Does anyone know what this represents (if anything) - i'd much appreciate any help anyone can give :) -Benbread 12:11, 1 January 2006 (UTC)

It's a rune, specifically a tiwaz. From [1]: "Tiwaz: (T: Tyr, the sky god.) Honor, justice, leadership and authority. Analysis, rationality. Knowing where one's true strengths lie. Willingness to self-sacrifice. Victory and success in any competition or in legal matters. Tiwaz Reversed or Merkstave: One's energy and creative flow are blocked. Mental paralysis, over-analysis, over-sacrifice, injustice, imbalance. Strife, war, conflict, failure in competition. Dwindling passion, difficulties in communication, and possibly separation." Natgoo 12:57, 1 January 2006 (UTC)
Tyr was not the "sky god". He was the god of war. --BluePlatypus 16:16, 1 January 2006 (UTC)
The page linked to above could be clearer, granted - they need a semicolon between 'Tyr' and 'the sky god' instead of a comma. The Tyr article tells us that Tyr "goes back to a Proto-Germanic Tîwaz, continuing Proto-Indo-European Dyeus". Moving on to the Dyeus article, we read that "he was the god of the daylit sky" and "addressed as the Sky Father". According to these articles, then, Tiwaz is both Tyr and the sky god. Natgoo 16:40, 1 January 2006 (UTC)
Ha! I should have read the Tyr article further - there is a whole section on this particular rune. Try the Tyr rune, Benbread. Natgoo 16:48, 1 January 2006 (UTC)
Looks like an arrow to me. Kid Apathy 21:30, 1 January 2006 (UTC)
Spot on, Kid. Without a frame of reference, it's a bit much to say categorically what it "is". JackofOz 00:02, 2 January 2006 (UTC)
some amrican skinheads use it as a symbol meaning "ANTI SEMITE" which of course means they hate jews. i saw it on a commercial too for above the influence. an anti drug campaign

Australian new years honours list.[edit]

Does anyone have a link to the Australian new year's honours list?

Is this: what you need? - Akamad 20:33, 1 January 2006 (UTC)
We don't do honours on New Year's Day, we do them on Australia Day and the Queen's Birthday. See Order of Australia. I think some military honours are also handed out on Anzac Day. --Robert Merkel 22:58, 1 January 2006 (UTC)

computer ram[edit]

if i buy a computer with 256mb ram can i upgrade it by buying a 512mb ram and putting it in?

If it's a newer computer it can probably handle it but without knowing the model number and manufacturer, there's no way of saying definitely whether or not it would work. Dismas|(talk) 15:33, 1 January 2006 (UTC)

You can with most PCs, but still check it out.

  • What you want to check for is to make sure that you have an empty bank of RAM on the motherboard or that the RAM which comes with it can be removed. You might also want to check exactly what kind of RAM it takes and how available it is ahead of time, both to check if it is available (it probably is) and whether you will save much by scrimping. But generally speaking, yes, you can usually upgrade RAM separately on new computers and you can often save a lot of money by doing it through a 3rd party rather than buying your RAM direct from the computer distributor. --Fastfission 22:15, 1 January 2006 (UTC)
  • Crucial's website has a service to check what is the right memory for most common computer systems. Try there first. If you computer is there it will tell you the kind of memory it can take and how much. - Taxman Talk 14:31, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

You more than likely can add RAM (memory to it) make sure it is the right speed of RAM, it has to match exactly. Most computers nowadays have about 512 RAM in them. RAM allows you to open more windows and do more options like also play a CD at the same time without slowing down your computer. 256 RAM isn't bad if you are just using your computer for e-mail and IMing. If you are doing something like gaming with heavy graphics or graphic engineering you would need at least 512 RAM, probably 1 GB (Gigabyte) for good performance. -Rod O-


What was the second most traded commodity in the world in 2004?

Not antimatter, if it's that expensive. Kid Apathy 22:23, 1 January 2006 (UTC)
According to this page ("After oil, coffee is the world’s most traded commodity") it's coffee. I'm a bit sceptical though - to begin with, the page doesn't say if it's counted in weight, volume or value. And even though oil seems reasonable as #1, there are many commodities that I personally use a lot more of (wheat for example, or water). And I live in the second-most coffe-drinking country in the world, Sweden! This page seems more reasonable to me, but they also, unfortunately, seem to have a totally differing definition of "commodity". So the answer, really, is "it depends", I guess. You'll get more possible sources if you google for "most traded" commodities world TERdON 00:22, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

For another older discussion on this see Talk:Coffee#Economic Aspects of Coffee. DirkvdM 18:46, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

Worth its weight in gold?[edit]

Just wondering... What is the most expensive thing in the world per unit mass? How much is it worth?--Fangz 20:15, 1 January 2006 (UTC)

I'm not sure by mass, but by volume, it is apparently printer ink. smurrayinchester(User), (Talk) 20:24, 1 January 2006 (UTC)
Cecil Adams thinks it is (or was) californium-252. --zenohockey 20:30, 1 January 2006 (UTC)
I'd say antimatter, at about $2,000,000,000,000 per ounce. GeeJo (t) (c) 20:34, 1 January 2006 (UTC)
Antimatter, according to what Google turned up, costs "$62.5 trillion per gram". - Fredrik | tc 20:34, 1 January 2006 (UTC)
Definitely antimatter, but you might also want to check Treskilling Yellow. ☢ Ҡieff 22:47, 1 January 2006 (UTC)
I guess it remains to make a Treskilling Yellow out of antimatter.--Fangz 00:18, 2 January 2006 (UTC)
Kids until you have grandchildren. Will always cost more money than you have but in the end are worth it.CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 23:39, 1 January 2006 (UTC)
Children should be eaten and not heard. Which makes them more immediately useful than antimatter, I guess, but I still think it's more expensive. --George 19:21, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

Umm... cocaine is significantly more expensive than gold by volume. Approximately $60/gram retail, depending on your location.

Is Inkjet ink still more expensive than gold, or was that a myth? Ojw 01:00, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
Checking up, the RSPB claims that printer ink is actually just the most expensive liquid (more than champagne, oil or rocket fuel). Presumably molten gold is worth more than inkjet ink though. smurrayinchester(User), (Talk) 17:09, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

In spices, saffron is quite pricey, while in medications, epoetin is extremely expensive, especially when you discount the water and only consider the active ingredient. StuRat 22:29, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

Weighing in at 2,300,000 troy ounces (71,668 kg), each B-2 Bomber cost over $950.00 per troy ounce ($30/g) which is just under double its weight in gold. TomStar81 00:17, 7 January 2006 (UTC)


What would it be if someone thought they were insane, but it turned out just to be a delusion? Kid Apathy 20:37, 1 January 2006 (UTC)

Delusions don't qualify as insanity? —Keenan Pepper 21:42, 1 January 2006 (UTC)
Quite often they do, sometimes. I think. Kid Apathy 21:43, 1 January 2006 (UTC)
Then they are delusionally insane. --Nelson Ricardo 22:33, 1 January 2006 (UTC)

This is a false paradox, a semantic artefact, not a real paradox. alteripse 00:13, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

Semantic artefact, eh? What does that even mean? Kid Apathy 14:33, 2 January 2006 (UTC)
Well, an artefact is something that is 'made' or (here, rather) 'made up'. Semantics is about the meaning of words. So 'semantic artefact' would refer to juggling with words to suggest a meaning that does not exist in the real world. I came up with this without looking up the term (look mum, no hands!). Am I close? DirkvdM 18:52, 2 January 2006 (UTC)
Spot on, as they say somewhere. Lots of apparent paradoxes have no reality other than a contradiction created by imprecise language. Recognizing this resulted in lots of metaphysicians having to find day jobs. alteripse 18:58, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

Back itching[edit]

Why would putting my socks on make my back itch?

Could be you're hitting a reflex zone. :) GeeJo (t) (c) 02:39, 2 January 2006 (UTC)
While there's no real reason I can think of here's another idea. If perhaps at one time when you put your socks on, as a coincidence your back became itchy. This set up in your mind the idea that putting on socks makes your back itchy. Now, every time you put them on then your brain tells you that your back is itchy. This is not quite as silly as it sounds. After getting very sick from eating spoiled mushrooms I find that I can no longer eat them at all. Yet even though I know that fresh mushrooms will not make me sick I am unable to eat them. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 02:43, 2 January 2006 (UTC)
It could be that you have dry skin on your back, and when you bend over to put on your socks, you stretch that dry skin and irritate it. Also, are you putting on your socks after taking a shower? Soap can further dry your skin, so you'll notice it as you dress. Moisturize! 16:32, 4 January 2006 (UTC)TheSPY
It may have to do with your shoes to: every time you remove your foot from a shoe the sock your waring will have collected everything in your shoe. Additionally, when one washes socks one usually adds soap and stain removers, so its possible you skin is reacting to some chemical in the cleaning supplies. TomStar81 00:21, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

XP Startup[edit]

How do I stop programs in XP from starting up? --hello, i'm a member | talk to me! 21:23, 1 January 2006 (UTC)

You mean stopping a program from being executed automatically at startup? There's 4 places to look:
  • First, look in Start Menu>Programs>Startup and remove any unwanted entries.
  • Then use the registry editor to locate the keys HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/Software/Microsoft/Windows/Currentversion/Run and Runonce (directly below) and remove any unwanted entries (be careful here, regedit doesn't have an undo function, and it's easy to completely mess up your XP installation if you don't know exactly what you are doing).
  • Some programs might also be executed as a service (ie, a background task); these can be controlled from control panel>administrative tools>services (again, be careful not to deactivate necessary services).
  • Finally, locate a file called win.ini, open it with the text editor and look for an entry called "run="; some programs might be started that way. Note: win.ini is there for backward compatibility with the stone age (ie, Win3.11), I am not sure if starting programs from there still works in XP (I am fairly certain it still worked in Win2k, though).
Hope that helped, -- Ferkelparade π 21:41, 1 January 2006 (UTC)
  • Some anti-adware software centralizes all of this and makes it pretty easy to see what is starting up and disable it safely. I know that Spybot - Search & Destroy has a tool that does this included in it; it might make things easier for you than messing with the Registry, which can be daunting and dangerous for someone who doesn't know how to use it. --Fastfission 22:10, 1 January 2006 (UTC)
  • Rather than look in all four places mentioned above, you can use Start->Run->msconfig to get a built-in tool to look at and disable startup programs.-gadfium 23:19, 1 January 2006 (UTC)
    • This is an excellent solution. You might also want to try CCleaner.

Chesapeake Bay[edit]

What is the name of the peninsula directly east of the Chesapeake Bay? I'm talking about the one that includes Delaware, eastern Maryland, and a bit of land belonging to Virginia.

-- 21:41, 1 January 2006 (UTC)

Try Delmarva Peninsula, I think it's waht you want. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 22:00, 1 January 2006 (UTC)

Trying to find out something about my family[edit]

I'm not entirely sure if you can help me or not, but I am trying to trace back some of my family history, but with not much luck. I have quite an unusual surname and my family originates in the Durham area of England, Uk. This seems to be where Right Honourable James Craggs the Elder (see links below) came from. I would like to trace back my family history and rule in or out affiliation (if there is any) with this man, as the family name comes from the same area, which is certainly not very large at all.

Can you help me to trace the family history of James Craggs the Elder to as near to the present day as possible, and if poss. let me how a title becomes extinct, relating to the Viscount Clare peerage, which seems to be related to the 1st Earl Nugent, Robert Craggs-Nugent?

Thank you so much for your time, and I look forward to hearing from anyone!


James Craggs,_1st_Earl_Nugent

See the history of the Earl Nugent. 04:34, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

money makers' sites[edit]

I came across many sites that suggest it's possible making (a lot of) extra money without ever leaving home by simply :

1- paying an entry fee (one to some hundred dollars)

2- entering data/ doing some typing/ doing some contacts (mails, phone calls, etc.) for companies that will be notified to the person that will accept to enter in that sort of business.

Generally at the end, in a sort of a "Disclaimer Statement", the site practically disclaims all responsibility for/over the promises made in the beginning of the proposal (certainty of gain, ease of use/contact, etc.). This leaves me very suspicious and insecure.

Am I right to feel so? Is there any catch(es) to avoid? Are there any forums or blogs that discuss mishappenings or bad experiences linked to the kind of sites I described?

Thank you for your help and advice.

You will not hear anything from them after step 1 - they just want that entry fee. No honest employer ask for an entry fee to give you work. Simply forget it unless you have a lot of money to waste, but that one you better donate to Wikimedia :-) andy 22:22, 1 January 2006 (UTC)
There is a forum called (I haven't really looked at it myself, so I don't know how useful it is). The Wikipedia article on Internet fraud also gives plenty of information about the different types of fraud out there, and what to look out for. - Akamad 10:36, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

January 2[edit]

Family Friendly Gaming magazine?[edit]

How come you list gaming magazines like Gamepro, and EGM but not Family Friendly Gaming? is their website.

Feel free to create an article on it yourself! Just click here and type what you know about it. --zenohockey 02:02, 2 January 2006 (UTC)
Wikipedia is not a directory of everything on the internet. For discussion of website article inclusion, see WP:WEB. If you do think that the page warrants inclusion, then be bold and create it yourself - but be aware that it may be subsequently deleted.--Fangz 02:05, 2 January 2006 (UTC)
I'm guessing it may have to do with the site's apparent lack of popularity.[2] --Maxamegalon2000 04:07, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

what is another name for smoked salmon?[edit]

Lox. User:Zoe|(talk) 03:43, 2 January 2006 (UTC)


There are various types of budgets such as operating, capital complimentary and comprehensive. I am having a hard time finding any information on complimentary budgets. Would you be able to help please?

I think you may mean "complementary budget". Neither term appears within the articles at Wikipedia. -- Rick Block (talk) 04:17, 2 January 2006 (UTC)


There is a series called Spiderwick, is it true stories? Because at the start of the 1st one they show they letter they got from the grave children, Holly Black types that it is true, if it's not or if it is can you please show me your proof that it isn't or it is?

Please don't vote.

It's fictional. I remember Fargo did a similar thing, putting a notice at the start of the film proclaiming that the film was based on true events when in fact it's not. the filmmakers felt that if the entire film is fictinal, why should the disclaimer be true? GeeJo (t) (c) 04:21, 2 January 2006 (UTC)
However, it may just be referring to the Cottingley Fairies GeeJo (t) (c) 04:21, 2 January 2006 (UTC)
The Spiderwick article says they are fantasy and book sellers list them under Juvenile Fiction so I would say they are fiction. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 04:22, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

On average how much are volcanologists paid and which college in the Oregon Columbia Gorge should i go to?[edit]

I want to be a volcanologist when I graduate from college so i was wondering which college I should go to in Oregon I should go to because that is where i want to live and on average how much would i be paid.

Thank you, April

Start with Do you want to become a volcanologist? and Work as a volcanologist. At the first on you can ask questions. You would then need to research which college would be the best. There is no information at volcanologist. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 05:25, 2 January 2006 (UTC)
Are you sure you want the Oregon Columbia Gorge? May I recommend the University of Hawaii at Hilo, my alma mater? My roommate worked, as an undergraduate, in the Center for the Study of Active Volcanoes and loved it. Of course, he ended up moving to Portland after getting his B.S. Mitchell k dwyer 09:33, 2 January 2006 (UTC)
Wasn't this asked before? About one or two months ago, possibly at the science ref desk. DirkvdM 18:57, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

social lives of home schooled children[edit]

What does the phrase "healthy social lives" mean? Thank you very much.

A chance to interact with people outside the family in a variety of relationships. Society has an interest in whether chidren are raised in a way that they can function outside the family. An example of an "unhealthy" social life occurs when one member restricts and controls all the interactions of the others with people outside the home. alteripse 05:17, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

Morgan Silver Dollar[edit]

Depending on condition of the coin, how much could an 1888 Morgan Silver Dollar be worth these days?

-- 04:45, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

Try Morgan Dollars and scroll down. There are three types. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 05:19, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

Hedi Slimane[edit]

who is hedi slimane?

Try Hedi Slimane's offical website. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 05:19, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

about management information systems[edit]


I was wondering if there was a site about fairie sightings in Australia? And also what is the difference between Fairie and Faerie?

There does not seem to be any. The spelling fairie seems to be a common mistake. The plural of fairy is fairies but there is no dictionary entry for fairie that I can find. If you google fairie it will show 500,000+ hits but asks if you wanted faerie. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 06:17, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

And then there's also the "fairy" spelling. I think "faerie" is especially popular amonst fantasy writers and those havea knack for odd spellings. - 10:33, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

There is no tradition of faeries in Australian folklore, either within dreamtime or post-1788 mythology (Aboriginal legends centred instead on larger creatures like bunyips). Roisterer 10:54, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

Frequently, the spelling "Faerie" is used for the land where the Fairies dwell. User:Zoe|(talk) 01:48, 3 January 2006 (UTC)


How can I play it in my PC?--TheDoctor10 (talk|email) 07:48, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

  • RAM means random access memory. Don't you mean DVD-ROM? Anyway, does your computer have a DVD player or recorder. They are similar to CD-ROM drives, but read (and/or write) DVDs instead. - 10:35, 2 January 2006 (UTC)
  • DVD-RAM is a special kind of DVD drives that never became a consumer hit. Its main use has been backup systems, but even there it's not ubiqutous. Most drives nowadays don't have support for it. Unless you have an old drive around, you'll probably have to shop specifically for this feature as it normally isn't included anymore in standard drives. Count on having to pay more than for a regular drive. TERdON 15:00, 2 January 2006 (UTC)
RAM indeed means 'random access memory', but what they meant is that the disk is writeable, which is something completely different. It's a misconception that RAM is the opposite of ROM (which means 'read only memory'). Just because of the stupidity of the name (a disk can never be ram) I'm glad that that attempt at a standard did not succeed. DirkvdM 19:02, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

A DVD-RAM disc can play in your DVD-based drive, assuming that drive is compatible. I would need to know the actual model of your drive, and possibly the firmware as well, to be certain.

MSTCrow 12:18, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

Psychology symbols[edit]

Is there a symbol used by psychologists, or representing psychology, in the way the Caduceus is used for physicians?

Well, at least here in Brazil they use the greek letter Psi, shown at right
Greek alphabet psi.png
Is it a coincidence that looks like a pitchfork? --Phroziac . o º O (♥♥♥♥ chocolate!) 14:09, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

career path[edit]

For the same question i asked on 31 dec 2005, i want to continue with giving my own information which is asked by answerer.Here it is: From childhood my math and science r good.I have done Bhachlors degree from pune university with First class and Masters in chemical engg from IIT kgp with 8.84/10 cgpa.I am technically sound.I also have interest in sports too like boxing, but i haven't tried that one. NOw doing job in a reputed company still i don't know whether i am utilising my all potential or not.Will you suggest me what will b the apropriate path for me to do justice for my education and also earning handsome money.Don't advise for business it requires lot of investment which i cann't do.

It would appear from your writing that English is not your first language, so if you want a career in an English speaking nation, you need to do serious improvement in your communication skills. For example, you have not put this into the earlier Q+A area, which means you lack the English skills to read the instructions at the top of the page. Don't worrry, lots of people are incapable of reading those instructions, and those same people have trouble getting a job, because at any employer, there's all kinds of pre-employment forms to fill out, and people who can't comprehend the forms, do not get the jobs. Your above question is filled with lots of non-standard abbreviations, which is why I think English is not your first language.
If you now have the degree, you should look for companies whose work use what that degree is in ... this is something you should have figured out while you were still working towards the degree. It should be evident from the classes in the subject material, what kinds of enterprises logically would do that work. There are engineers who have to figure out how to design products, that are safe for the workers, and economical for the businesses. A product needs to work correctly in all kinds of environments ... outdoors where it rains a lot, temperature extremes. The food industry is a branch of chemilcal engineering. This is more demanding because of safety to the consumers. Pharmaceuticals are even more demanding, because to the testing needied to prove that they are safe.
If you are still working towards a degree, ask if your University has a co-op program. This is where students spend several months in classes, and several months in entry level positions at enterprises related to the classroom subjects. If the enterprise likes your skills, talent, dedication, etc. they may offer you a job upon graduation. The University will have an office to help you locate companies that support the co-op system. You get paid, low wages to be sure, at the co-op work. but that can help with tuition expenses.
Many people want a handsome income. Many other people want an interesting life, good job security, respectable work. Ideal is if you can get all of it. Most people end up spending first few years of their career in jobs that are none of the above. User:AlMac|(talk) 10:50, 2 January 2006 (UTC)
If you ask a hundred people this question, you will receive a hundred different answers, but allow me to offer my own perspective. First of all, forget about "utilizing all your potential" or "doing your education justice." What do you want to do? What is either going to (a) help you live the life you want to live or (b) give your life meaning and satisfaction? I realize these two questions are BIG questions, and a lot of us try our whole lives to get answers to them without success, but it's a good place to start. The truth is, whatever you find yourself doing, if you care enough about it (for whatever reason), you will put your education to use and you will realize your potential. I've been a high school teacher for ten years, and despite seeing friends of lesser ability make three times as much money as me in careers that are one-third as difficult, I know I've chosen the right path. Good luck in your search. Mitchell k dwyer 10:59, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

Artistic licence[edit]

The article Artistic licence has a link to what seems to be an almost completely unrelated Wikinews articles. I can't see a connection, but I don't know whether to remove the link in case it has some meaning to the article. smurrayinchester(User), (Talk) 10:33, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

  • Well, the Wikinews article does comment upon artistic licence. --jpgordon∇∆∇∆ 17:37, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

Which Walt Disney Film[edit]

The song:- "When you wish upon a Star" appears in what Disney film - please?

That would be Pinocchio Ferkelparade π 11:32, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

why the double standards in wikipedia?[edit]

why celebrities/people who are american jewish refered as american jewish while anyone else simply referred as american?

just a simple example:

Jennifer Aniston (no mention of her religion, simply american actress) Courteney Cox Arquette(no mention,simply american actress) Lisa Kudrow(referred as jewish american) Matt LeBlanc(no mention of religion, simply american actor) Matthew Perry(referred as american/canadian actor) David Schwimmer(referred as jewish american)

why the double standards, either mention all their religions or don't mention any, stop the bias.

Maybe there isn't any information available. As I am sure you are aware, anyway, there is more to being Jewish than religion. [[Sam Korn]] 13:31, 2 January 2006 (UTC)
Yeah, but also, some editors have made particular efforts to mark any Jewish subject of an article as Jewish. Oddly enough, sometimes it's obvious Jew-haters doing it; sometimes it's otherwise. It's pretty peculiar. --jpgordon∇∆∇∆ 17:33, 2 January 2006 (UTC)
I don't think the original statement is true, despite the evidence given. Sticking with the Friends theme, we also have Lauren Tom (introduced as Chinese American), Gabrielle Union (African American), and Sherilyn Fenn (Italian, Irish, French, and Hungarian). 18:08, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

Somewhat related: is anyone ever branded 'European American' or 'American American'? DirkvdM 19:07, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

I suspect the prevalence of the Jewish mention is a combination of several factors: some people are famously Jewish, some anti-Semites put in the mention because they think it matters, some fans put it in because they want everything known about their hero to be mentioned, some Jewish people want there to be lots of Jewish role models.
I haven't seen a lot of Euro-American mentions. If you ask a queer theorist, they'll probably say it's an ethnic variant of heteronormativity. If you ask Frank Weltner he'll probably say it's because us academic liberals don't want Euro-Americans to be proud of their heritage. If you ask me, it's because 1) in our post-PC times being Euro-American is boring, and 2) it's pretty obvious from a picture of Jennifer Aniston that she ain't Laotian. --George 20:00, 2 January 2006 (UTC)
Nice reply, although I didn't get all of it :) . To add, 'American American' is probably too painful a reminder to use. Actually, this has probably been suppressed so much that maybe not too many people would get what the term means. DirkvdM 12:13, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

Bermuda triangle[edit]

does the bermuda triangle really exist?

In the sense that there's a roughly triangular stretch of ocean carrying that name, yes; in the sense that there is some credibility to reports of disappearing ships, probably not. See our fine article on the subject. -- Ferkelparade π 14:31, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

Hindi film song identification request[edit]

Hi, here's a clip I made from a song that is in the movie Kismat (2004), but it doesn't seem to be on the soundtrack. Overall pretty awful movie, but a catchy song and I was hoping someone could identify it. Thank you - Taxman Talk 14:21, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

Hi, The song is not composed for this film.The song has two versions, the orginal older version was sang by Lata Mangeskar and the newer version can be found in the album named UMI-10,it is a remix version which has been used in the film. 16:15, 2 January 2006 (UTC)D.R.

Great, thanks, that makes sense, but can you tell me the title of the song? Lata has done thousands and UMI-10 appears to be at least 5 albums. - Taxman Talk 03:51, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
I guess the title is Kaliyon ka Chaman. deeptrivia (talk) 05:32, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
Yes, that's the one. It's on the third volume of the UMI-10. That's awesome, thanks. - Taxman Talk 06:25, 3 January 2006 (UTC)


What is a complimentary budget? Where does it fit in with an operating budget? I'd appreciate any insight on the subject, thanks.-- 14:49, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

Andy Griggs[edit]

In what city and in what year was Andy Griggs born?

Andy Griggs was born Aug. 13, 1973, in Moore, La. For more information on him, you can go to: [[3]] --Sister coley729 16:54, 2 January 2006 (UTC)


Do chickens have feet?

    • I do not know that they are called feet, but they do have talons to walk around on. I suppose that most people would call them feet. --Sister coley729 16:50, 2 January 2006 (UTC)
  • Certainly they have feet. Chicken feet are edible, and may be purchased at many ethnic groceries in the United States (I don't know about the rest of the world). They are also sometimes used in voodoo ceremonies. User:Zoe|(talk) 01:54, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
  • Thanks for pointing out the edibility. Human feet are also edible for that matter. deeptrivia (talk) 05:27, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
They are, but you'd be arrested for doing so in most countries. - Mgm|(talk) 10:22, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
Yep! Stinks of speciesism ? deeptrivia (talk) 16:51, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

Which rock/metal song is this?[edit]

Recently I have been hearing a song, which I would describe to be of a metal/rock genre. The song in question is typically played loud at a nightclub and it is hard to distinguish the words. From listening, the chorus has the words 'woo hoo' or 'wer-hoo!' followed by some sort of piano rhythm. The rest of the lyrics seem to be a miss-mash of hardcore vocals as well as something along the lines of 'knock knock, who's there' etc. I don't expect the song to be main stream but I believe it is well know amongst the metal scene. I've been searching for the song for sometime on google but obviously there are many ways to spell 'woo hoo' and so on, I am not looking for Song 2 by Blur by the way! Thanks for any help anyone can give me with this, I really want to buy the song for a friend who is also in a similar quest for the song! --Aaron Horn 01:33, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

Damn, I remember looking for what this song was called a long time ago and giving up... I'll tell you if anything comes up. — flamingspinach | (talk) 19:51, 2 January 2006 (UTC)
Woo hoo or rather woo woo, I've found the answer. The lyrics are actually 'woo woo' and very quickly I was able to find this song is Diamonds and Guns by Transplant! --Aaron Horn 01:33, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
This song is also used in Garnier Fructis commercials Night Gyr 08:25, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

Not to appear rude or as a name-nazi, but the band is The Transplants. Just thought I'd throw that in there.

4 wheelers[edit]

What are the laws for 4 wheelers in Derry, NH?

Usually, when I see a placename in such a form, it refers to a US state, but I can't place NH. To me that means North Holland. And Derry is in Ireland as far as I know. Could you be more specific? And by 4 wheeler you probably don't mean anything on 4 wheels. Maybe 4 wheel drive? DirkvdM 19:10, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

New Hampshire, the glorious Granite State. Silly foreigners. :-) But I'm too lazy to Lexis the question. --George 19:17, 2 January 2006 (UTC)
As in "4 wheeler" I'm guessing you mean an ATV and not a Jeep or similar short wheel base off road vehicle. Well, I'll tell ya right now that you probably will not find much public land to wheel on. The northeast U.S. is very wheeler non-friendly. The only way to find land for me to go on with my Jeep is to be a member of a club. If I were you though, I'd try asking around at The Northeast Online Wheelers forums. There are many people there from NH that should be able to help you. Also, if you don't mind the drive over to VT (that's Vermont for all the non-Americans here :-) ), there was an article in Seven Days about a group of 4 wheelers who got permission to wheel in the Green Mountain National Forest. Good luck and please remember to Tread Lightly. Dismas|(talk) 21:55, 2 January 2006 (UTC)


Crap, I just bought a bunch of dates and I don't know what to do with them. I'm looking for a healthy and tasty recipe. Cost is not an issue. Gracias!

Ehm, just eat them! :) Tasty enough, and I believe dates are rather healthy too. And you've already made the expense, so that won't be an issue anymore, as requested. :) Alternatively, have a look at Date Palm#Food uses of Dates and Date and walnut loaf. But why did you buy them in the first place? DirkvdM 19:15, 2 January 2006 (UTC)
A search at Epicurious found 103 date recipes; a similar search at AllRecipes found 147 recipes. I've always found both sites to be quite nice, though Epicurious generally has rather fancier recipes. --George 01:22, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
Also, it seems that the Wikibooks Cookbook has some date recipes. Apart from the Date category, I also found Kashmiri Pulao and Date nut bar. I haven't tested them myself, but some propaganda for another Wikimedia project is never wrong, is it? 20:19, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

The best thing to do with dates is to make a date shake. Be sure that, the next time you visit Indio, California, that you have the date shakes at Shield's Date Gardens and Farm. User:Zoe|(talk) 01:58, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

Also, be sure you are fully stocked with toilet paper before eating all those dates. StuRat 06:40, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

College Football Bowl Games[edit]

Why were no college bowl games played on January 1 this year? I have been told that it is illegal for college football games to be played on the same day as NFL games. Is this correct?

Nothing illegal about it. It all has to do with television coverage. User:Zoe|(talk) 01:59, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
There is a law (15 USC 1293) that limits the ability of the NFL to televize games played on Fridays and Saturdays. This was intented to protect high school and college football from NFL competition. -- Mwalcoff 04:11, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
NFL games are televised on Saturdays in December and January. Is that because high school season is over? User:Zoe|(talk) 17:37, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
And the college regular season. -- Mwalcoff 23:56, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

Distance from Bergen-op-Zoom to Charleroi Airport[edit]

Can anyone tell me this please?


For Charleroi in Belgium it's about 121 km, for Charleroi in the US it's about 6275 km. These are very rough figures. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 23:43, 2 January 2006 (UTC)

January 3[edit]

why has lou dobbs been out[edit]

i don`t know if you have noticed but if you watch CNN you would now that lou dobbs the host of lou dobbs tonight has been out lately if possible could you tell me why sorry if this is one for the humanties section.

Does he ever get a vacation? I have noticed that the kind of editorial content he does, the other folks are doing similar commentary, so I am sure he has not been forceably retired. Have you read the Wiki article on Lou Dobbs?
* CNN has a web site on what is coming up on Lou Dobbs tonite.
* The Lou Dobbs financial advice newsletter got cancelled because his advice turned out to not have a good track record.
User:AlMac|(talk) 03:30, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

Jack and the beanstalk[edit]

Is there anyone who can direct me to a website where there is a complete French version of the story of Jack and the Beanstalk? Thank you.

  • I know it's not what you asked for, but your local library may be of help in obtaining this. - Mgm|(talk) 10:24, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
.. .  .  .. .  .  
..  .  . .. .   . 
   .  .     .     

Searched google for "Jacques haricot magique" and look at that : jackharicot. --Harvestman 19:56, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

Jim Wales[edit]

Jimbo Wales is my hero! hahaha, he's so cool! is there any page here at wikipedia that talks about him besides his user page?.--Cosmic girl 00:53, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

Jimmy Wales Dismas|(talk) 01:21, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

Human article has been vandalized.[edit]

Why does in the clasification and all that in the article about humans say penis and stuff on the box below the picture? has it been vandalized? I'd fix it but I don't know how.--Cosmic girl 01:01, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

Thanks so much for telling us; I've corrected it. In the future, you can revert yourself it to the last good version: Wikipedia:Revert --George 01:21, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

Black forest ham[edit]

Why is black forest ham called "black forest ham"? --HappyCamper 05:40, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

Because it originated in a region in south-western Germany known as the Black Forest. It's a smoked variety of ham; the original German word for it is Schwarzwaldschinken. Like Emmental cheese—although what is sold in the U.S. under that label is a pale shadow of true Emmentaler from the Emmental in Switzerland (and typically doesn't even come from the Emmental; "Emmentaler" is not a protected appellation, only "Emmentaler Switzerland" is a registered trademark). Lupo 08:46, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
Now that that is answered, room for some off-topicity. These names can have amusing effects, like Limburger often being used for Limburger cheese, know locally as 'stink cheese' (for a rather obvious reason). So Limburgers are known to stink. And I am a Limburger, so therefore I stink?  :) And what if Kennedy would have had his Berlin speech in Hamburg? He would then have had to say "I am a Hamburger". :) DirkvdM 12:25, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
And why would that be more humourous than "Ich bin ein Berliner"?? :-) Lupo 16:48, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
Ha, didn't know about that one! At first I thought this would only be amusing to Germans (to whom he said it). But this section suggests that even that is not necessarily the case. Nice one! DirkvdM 10:29, 4 January 2006 (UTC)


As a perfect athlet(boxer), what should be my weight for the height 5 ft 6"?

Hmm...I would be extremely surprised if someone quoted an exact number for you here. There really isn't a "perfect" weight for this sort of stuff. There are lots of other things that go into being a great athlete other than being physically fit. Are you asking instead, for a list of statistics somewhere which describes the physical stature of boxers in your height categorization, and which also comes with a proper statistical interpretation? --HappyCamper 06:05, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

Which are the other things than physical fitness for perfect boxer and also i would like to know the range of weight to my mentioned height?

  • According to these tables on Body Mass indices your ideal weight would lie between 124 and 155 pounds (assuming you are male). Since you're a boxer, I would recommend going with the higher end of this estimate to allow some weight for your muscles. I wouldn't worry about your weight too much unless your weight goes above 186 pounds which is considered obese. The main thing is that you eat enough and get yourself enough calories so you have enough energy for boxing. Trying to lose weight often causes adverse effects. Please see Body mass index for more information on how I calculated this. - Mgm|(talk) 10:36, 3 January 2006 (UTC)


Has Brian Froud, author of 'Fearies' seen a fearie? And also in the movie Fairy Tale, are all of the events true? Like did that journalist really see the Joseph? And did the parents really see a fairy?

See the article Cottingley Fairies for the circumstances behind the Fairy Tale movie. Bear in mind that the movie did imply that the fairies were real, although they have been comprehensively proven to have been cut out of a picture book owned by one of the girls. Brian Froud is an illustrator, there is no fairy-squashing Lady Cottington, she is fictional as are the faeries in Froud's delightful books. --Canley 08:45, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

Simbang Gabi[edit]

What is the Spanish name for the Filipinos' Simbang Gabi, the nine dawn masses preceding Christmas Day? I read in the article here that they're called Misas de Aguinaldo or "Gift Masses", but what I know (which I verified in some books I read) is that the Simbang Gabi is referred to as the Misa de Gallo or "Rooster's Mass". Could somebody clear this up? Thanks. [And please, no inaccurate Google references or inter-Wiki references!] Igor the Lion(Roar!) 08:10, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

Well, I can't vouch for the accuracy of this Google reference, but this link confirms what you suggest above. If this isn't enough for you, what did you want? Another book reference or a fluent (preferably Filipino) Spanish speaker? You could ask User:Evertype (who added that article) on his talk page about his source for the Spanish phrase (looks like he speaks Spanish too so he should be able to help you). --Canley 10:59, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
Ok, thanks. Igor the Lion(Roar!) 16:57, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

Stanley Kubrick exhibition in Victoria, Australia.[edit]

At the moment, there is a Kubrick exhibition showing somewhere in Victoria. Does anyone know the name of the exhibition, or the place where it's being held, or anything else I could use to track down its website?

It's at ACMI (Australian Centre for the Moving Image, at Federation Square in Melbourne, and it's called "Stanley Kubrick: Inside the mind of a visionary filmmaker". Enjoy. JackofOz 11:59, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

Thanks a lot. :)

name some of the outrageous services that ultraluxury automotive manufacturers offer to their customers?[edit]

like for example, maybach offers their customers a number of an assistant whome they can call for basically everything they weant like tickets to the opera or directions the the conference or something like that. are there oters who offer something similar or anything?

A chauffeur drives someone around...maybe that's it? But generally speaking, I don't think it is the automotive industry that would provide these services. It would be the services and hospitality industry, the tourism industry, and the the like. --HappyCamper 12:39, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
I think the services are those that the questioner listed - in the instance of the Maybach, I'd call the service a personal assistant. Presumably there's no limit on the outrageousness of the service offered in the premium market. Graduations of service like this are offered by some car companies, by insurance companies, roadside assistance companies, and some electronic information companies, but are most typically restricted to providing information assistance, or roadside repair and recovery. --Tagishsimon (talk)
I've forgotten where I read it but a couple weeks ago I read about a German car company that has some special services. One of them was that they would make the vehicle at their factory in Germany and then when you came to pick it up you could take it for a spin on the autobahn before having it shipped off to your home country. This way you could drive your new sports car at higher speeds than may be legal in your home country. I don't remember which company it was though. Dismas|(talk) 19:39, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
most german car ompanies offer that. it is called european delivery program.

What is "bunkering"?[edit]

See wikt:bunkering.'s not in Wikitionary. Well. I guess we'll have to wait and see. --HappyCamper 12:54, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
AFAIK, the storage of fuel and lubricants, generally at ports and for the maritime industry. Google may help --Tagishsimon (talk)
Farmers often store their silage in a concrete encloser that is called a bunker. I would suppose that the act of putting the silage into the bunker could be referred to as "bunkering" though I've never heard the term used. Dismas|(talk) 19:43, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
In paintball, bunkering is when you eliminate an opponent who is stuck behind an obstacle (a "bunker"). See this article for details. thejabberwock 02:02, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
There's a Dutch word, 'bunkeren', which my dictionary translates as 'stuff oneself' (ie with food). But there's another Dutch meaning, namely to stock up on something of which one thinks there might be a shortage in the near future, such as when there is a war threat. But if enough people do it, it might become a self-fulfilling prophecy. Which was a major reason for the long lines in Russia - as soon as something became available in a shop, people would buy it 'just in case'. Thus causing eternal shortages and lines whenever something becomes available again - etc. I believe this has long been a Russian 'tradition', from before the USSR. Is this true? And does it still happen? DirkvdM 10:39, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

Brian Froud[edit]

How can I contact the author 'Brian Froud', preferably by email but address is fine.

Via his publisher - Pavillion Books, an imprint of Chrysalis Books --Tagishsimon (talk)

Search for Indian actor 'SRK'[edit]

hi, I have just seen the article on indian super star movie actor Shahrukh Khan its was great but there was no mention about where and how to contact him. Could it be possible to ge his contact address like an email address? tnx

Here's his blog or you could try a fan site like this. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 14:21, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

Area codes[edit]

Where would someone have the area code +1233? It looks like an American number, but I don't think it is Sceptre (Talk) 13:43, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

Try here or here. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 14:13, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
Well, as list of country calling codes says, anything starting with +1 sounds like an international reference to the North American Numbering Plan, but according to this site 233 is not currently an area code in the U.S. or Canada. So perhaps there was an error in communicating the number. Sharkford 21:13, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
The reports under this page on the North American Numbering Plan Administration web site confirm that there is no area code 233, and no current plan to introduce one either. So +1233 is defintely wrong. If this was found in some material written in English, my guess is that this is supposed to be the area code for Ashford, Kent, and its surrounding area in southeast England. Locally that would be written 01233; in international dialing it would be +44 1233; and you can imagine someone who didn't understand that the country code (44) was required might get it wrong when converting the one to the other.
Say, that's interesting -- Wikipedia's article for Ashford says the area code is 01622, which is actually for the nearby town of Maidstone according to British Telecom's web site and this other one I checked. I'll fix it now. -- 21:47, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
Oh, after writing that, I wondered if 233 might simply be a mistake for 223. But the NANPA web site says there is no 223 in North America either. Another possibility is that 1233 is not an area code (or country code and area code) at all, but a dialing code within some system. However, maybe the context makes that impossible. -- 21:53, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

Medical diagnosis[edit]

posted in header by mistake -- Ec5618 15:05, 3 January 2006 (UTC) good morning.i was wondering if there is anyone who could share thoughts about this..that is my preliminary diagnosis.i'm frightened.i'm looking for answers to a concrete,definable answer to my myriad of symptoms:dizziness intermittently,ataxia,freezing cold then very warm.perepheral vasccular changes.i'm walking with a cane.seeing a physical therapist 3 times a week for strengthening,as iam weak for the last 2 months.please help if you can.happy new year to all,margi

If you are using the word ataxia the way doctors use it, and it is objectively demonstrable (rather than something you just "feel"), a neurologist should be able to make a definitive diagnosis for you. The other symptoms may be too vague and subjective to be of much diagnostic use. Good luck. alteripse 01:05, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
I agree with Alteripse advice that you should seek a professional opinion, but it my own opinion it sounds somewhat like multiple sclerosis. TomStar81 00:31, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

VLC media player[edit]

Is there some way to make VLC media player show all my videos at 2x zoom, instead of me doing it manually every time?

You'd probably be best asking in one of the Videolan support forums listed on their support page. --Robert Merkel 13:01, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

Sniper suit[edit]

(heading added by Akamad 22:10, 3 January 2006 (UTC))

Is there really a new kind of suit which prevents snipers to be detected through thermal heat detection?

Er, why do you ask? I hope you're not a sniper trying to avoid detection! An insulated suit which reduces one's thermal signature would certainly exist and is not really new. Depends on how powerful the thermal detection is, and the coverage of the suit. --Canley 02:29, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

There is stuff that is still somewhat secret, such as the British Navy applying stealth technology, originally developed for the US Airforce and submarines, to surface warships. I have no idea how they are going to avoid collisions with each other when this becomes a widespread state-of-art. User:AlMac|(talk) 10:48, 4 January 2006 (UTC)


In "Hand In His Pocket," why do u think the boy slips his hand in his pocket when he sees a stranger? thank you

Is this a homework assignment? --Optichan 17:38, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
Because he has ugly hands. DuctapeDaredevil 20:07, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
For a quick game of pocket pool ? StuRat 21:35, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

Bomber beer size[edit]

What is the source of the "bomber" size of beer?

What is the world's most commonly consumed fruit?[edit]

What is the world's most consumed fruit? This question was asked at my local pub quiz and I thought the answer was banana (which I understood to be the item most sold in UK supermarkets), but I was told that the correct answer was in fact the tomato. A friend of mine was then asked the same question in a quiz later that week, and answered tomato thinking this was correct, but was told that the correct answer was the grape! In an attempt to end the confusion over this question, I looked to the humble internet, only to find a huge disparity over claims to the world's most consumed fruit. There seems to be an almost even split between sites claiming that the mango and banana are the most consumed fruit, but there are various other claims around. Does anyone have a definitive answer to this question, or perhaps you happen to have some statistics on the matter? Any help would be most appreciated, thank you!

It's very difficult to definitively quantify such a question. I imagine most estimates would be based on import/export or agriculture figures, which can vary by country and be inaccurately recorded or compiled. Also, someone in a country may consider their country's most popular fruit to be the world's most popular fruit, which may not be the case. Another complication is that the tomato, which strictly speaking is a fruit, is often considered a vegetable and some estimates may hence disregard it. Some Google searching produced wildly varying results as you'd expect: [4] (banana); [5] (tomato, banana, apple, orange, watermelon) - this site does have statistics but no source; [6] (apple, oranges, banana); [7] (mangoes). Never heard of the grape being that popular - they can be quite difficult to grow as well. Maybe that source was using number of grapes rather than weight of fruit consumed! --Canley 01:01, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
There's also no indication of whether the fruit is consumed whole or in a product. If you count ketchup, marinara sauce, salsa, and other tomato products, that greatly changes the number of tomatoes consumed. 16:41, 4 January 2006 (UTC)TheSPY
Those well known botanists, the US Supreme Court, have established that a tomato is not a fruit, but a vegetable, in the case of Nix v. Hedden. But I'm guessing you aren't in their juristiction. Notinasnaid 16:28, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

Computer History Files[edit]

While online, you can view the History files in which tell you exactly what you have done on the Computer. You can delete these files, but is there any way of finding out, after they have been deleted? I am the defendant, not the checker. Thank you!!--Young XenoNeon (converse) 17:45, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

When a file is deleted, it remains on the disk, but the area it formerly resided in is marked as usable. It can be recovered as long as it is not overwritten by other data. That's the key. There is software that is capable of overwriting a file many times with a bunch of random crap to ensure the data cannot be recovered. --Optichan 18:50, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
Even then if you have enough money the data can be recoved. Sometimes even if the disk has been in a fire. There is also inexpensive software available that can recover the data even if it has been overwritten several times. I have recovered files that were deleted and then reformatted and written over several times. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 19:45, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
Wow! Anyone knows how that works (recovery of overwritten data) ? deeptrivia (talk) 20:03, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
Well Zero Assumption Recovery and Active Undelete are both pretty good. I've used the second but not the first. I have a friend that's tried both and says that ZAR is better. However, the best I ever tried was, I think, by PowerQuest but is no longer available. You had to have two hard drive's and the second had to be blank and larger than the first. It ran from a floppy and spent several hours scanning the hard drive. You were then presented with a huge list of possible files and directories to recover. If you run it on a second hand drive it's very interesting what you can find. The hardest place to recover files from is a USB thumb drive and the cards that are used in digital cameras, etc. Almost anything deleted from one of those is gone forever. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 01:14, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
CBW, I always wondered why setting all of the the relevant memory locations to say zero in one pass wouldn't be a secure erase. --hydnjo talk 02:23, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
Read our article on data recovery and some of the links from it. --Robert Merkel 02:48, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
"when a 1 bit is written over a zero bit, the "actual effect is closer to obtaining a .95 when a zero is overwritten with a one, and a 1.05 when a one is overwritten with a one". Given that, given a read head 20 times as sensitive as the one in the drive, and given the pattern of overwrite bits one could recover the under-data."
This is super interesting stuff!!! deeptrivia (talk) 03:33, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
Well, I'll no longer need to wonder. Thanks, --hydnjo talk 16:07, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
The only way to delete a file unequivocably is to have spent a lot of time on it and have it due the next day. At this point, anything negative you do to it will be completely unreversable, guaranteed. --Fastfission 21:51, 4 January 2006 (UTC)


What percertage of GDP do the Fortune 500 companies contribute verse privately owned businesses in the US? Thank you for your help!

The Fortune 500 are all privately, as in, not state owned, but if you mean not publicly traded, you're asking for something that's inherently hard to determine, because privately held businesses do not publish the figures that publicly traded ones are required to. There are untold tens or hundreds of thousands of private businesses, so it'd be hard to determine. You might want to try taking some statistics from the IRS or another agency and subtracting out public totals to find what's left. Night Gyr 01:44, 5 January 2006 (UTC)


Are Hazelnuts considered true nuts?

See the second paragraph of the Hazelnut article. Dismas|(talk) 19:33, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
Which also taught me that the peanut isn't a nut either. Which were the other ones again? This was one of those quicmk sumups (though not as long as the the list of Scottish inventions - has anyone recorded that? I'd like to read through it again). DirkvdM 10:52, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
I think cashews are also "nuts that aren't actually nuts". Yeltensic42.618 ambition makes you look pretty ugly 01:06, 6 January 2006 (UTC)

University of Miami Trivia[edit]

Who was the U of Miami Quarterback in 1993?

--Heisman Trophy Winner Gino Torretta

Emperor Norton[edit]

So...Is it true that Emperor Norton actually did contact and/or give advice to legit rulers of the time? I'm especially intrested in King Kamehameha of Hawai'i. I found a few paragraphs in 'Classic Tales of California History', by Alton Pryor (can be found by putting 'Emperor Norton' into Google Book Search, pg 17), but I'm not sure if this is true. DuctapeDaredevil 20:04, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

Yes. From the Asian Wall Street Journal of December 13, 2002:
Norton sent frequent cables to fellow rulers offering surprisingly well-informed advice. King Kamehameha of Hawaii (then the Sandwich Islands) was so taken with the Emperor's insight and understanding that towards the end of his life Kamehameha refused to recognize the U.S. State Department, saying he would deal only with representatives of the Norton Empire. [8]
--Neutralitytalk 07:58, 5 January 2006 (UTC)


What is someone supposed to do if no place will hire them? Not even Mcdonalds or Wal-mart?

I'd try taking free classes until I had skills someone would want. You could also try going to the unemployment office, signing up for food stamps, or becoming a bum on a street corner. DuctapeDaredevil 20:46, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
You can also do volunteer work or join the military. Both will add to your resume and prove that you can work in a team. Also, try to identify what is making you unemployable. It could be your look, for example in you have hundreds of face peircings, it could be your way of talking, if they can barely understand you, or it might be how you are dressed, etc. StuRat 21:07, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
This is the best suggestion, because turning the tables, it is very hard for companies to find good employees that can really do a good job. Most people that complain about not having good jobs then proceed to exhibit many behaviors that make them terrible employees. Most things that would keep you from being employed are fixable, so fix them and find a way to demonstrate that you have the work ethic and skills the employer is looking for. If you can demonstrate to an employer that you can make more money for them than you cost in pay, benefits, etc, then they will usually hire you, and if not, someone else will. The key is if you really can demonstrate it so find some way to do that, even if it is volunteer work (as mentioned above) while you sqeak by wherever you're living and eating even if it is a homeless shelter. So if you're persistent enough you'll be fine. If it's a criminal record that is the problem, that may be a little tougher, but that's the breaks, and it's still possible. There are generally government programs for helping people get jobs, and some charity options, so go to a local library and do some research on those until you find someone that can help you. If people reallize you are serious about helping yourself, they will go out of their way to help you. - Taxman Talk 15:38, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
  • It's unfair, but some people tend to be unemployed, because they are still studying and because the company can hire a younger person, which costs them less money. I know... - Mgm|(talk) 21:45, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
Well, you could live off social security. It exists (if it does in your contry, that is) for just that reason. You could then do volunteer work, such as working on Wikipedia (if you have knowledge that is still lacking). Probably not what you were asking for, but, depending on your country's social security and your material needs, a viable option. And nothing to be ashamed of, as long as you make yourself useful. But maybe this is too much of a Dutch perspective. DirkvdM 10:56, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

who is the one person that contributed something to America?[edit]

i need to know someone who was born in america and helped america in some could be a musician or a artist or a writer,but whoever the person is,he/she must have contributed something (in a good way )that helped America to be a better country.

  • Do your own homework. android79 20:54, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
  • There's scores of famous Americans who made some positive contribution and there's a good chance you know at least one of them. Try Category:American musicians, Category:American actors, Category:American inventors, etc for inspiration. - Mgm|(talk) 21:49, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
  • How about your mother or father? Most of us have at least one parent who was more of an asset than a liability to society, even if only by contributing taxes and children. alteripse 03:03, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
  • "Better country" doesn't sound WP:NPOV. So I can't help you. --Optichan 15:18, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
    • This is why we're not allowed to make Wikipedia better. Proto t c 16:58, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
    • Better than it was before. -Del

Holidays in the United States[edit]

Is it true that, in the United States, when a holiday, such as New Years day falls on a weekend, workers get another day off work? That is, so that they don't miss any holiday time because a weekend and a holiday coincide? Oskar 21:29, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

Yes, typically a Monday is given off when a holiday falls on a Sunday and a Friday is given off when a holiday falls on Saturday. StuRat 21:37, 3 January 2006 (UTC)
For example, this year January 2 was a legal holiday because January 1, New Year's Day, was a Sunday. --Maxamegalon2000 05:27, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
Its the same in Australia too--Ali K 05:36, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
It depends to a degree. On Federal Holidays, which are nationally recongnized holidays, the answer is yes, people typically get another day off of work. In the case of lesser known holidays or relegious holidays, that may not nessicarily be the case; for instance, Easter always falls on a Sunday, but most workers do not get monday off, and some public and private schools will not take extra days off if holidays such as Presidents Day and Martin Luther King Day fall over the weekend. TomStar81
To clarify on the Australia thing - it is generally the Monday which is the holiday, whether the public holiday is a Saturday or a Sunday. If Christmas day is the Saturday and Boxing Day the Sunday, both Monday 27th and Tuesday 28th are given as days off. -- Chuq 12:37, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

music uploading in canada[edit]

i am canadian, and i am a heavy user of music sharing. i upload a large amount (mostly underground downloadable music) on p2p networks, if i were to share copyrighted music from american and canadian artists would there be a chance of me getting caught? because i've read on several news websites that it is legal to download material in canada. so should i cut down on the uploading? or is there no danger?

I'm not entirely sure of this, but I think that it is illegal in Canada. As for you possibly getting caught, I would say it's possible but very very unlikely (partly depending on how much you upload). Flea110 23:09, 3 January 2006 (UTC)

can you only be caught if you are seen directly in the p2p program? or can they catch you from spying on your bandwidth usage, then somehow knowing that you are transfering copyrighted music?

Um, Wikipedia doesn't offer legal advice...I believe there was a supreme court case in Canada that settled this once and for all, but I forgot what the case was called. --HappyCamper 04:58, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

January 4[edit]

Business Phone numbers[edit]

How can i find out what business in Omaha Nebraska has 402-938-1100 for a phone number, other than calling it?

  • According to several White Page sites, it's Teleport Communications Group. Sputnikcccp 01:52, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
    • According to, that's the number's carrier. Whoever's on the other end of the line, I can't find. Probably a telemarketer. android79 01:59, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

It can't be a telemarketer, because my cell phone bill said i call it.

  • Oh, you're calling them? Then I'd guess it's a cell phone. Just a guess, though. Only one way to find out for sure... android79 02:02, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
As a general tip for future reference, Google is often a useful way to find which business has a known phone number. It doesn't help this time, though: there are no hits on a search for 402-938-1100. --Anonymous, 06:56 UTC, January 4
Key phone # into Google, or another search engine, just the #s, no other text, and you will find where that # has shown up various places on the Internet (like here), in some phone directory some place, and while this might include who has the # now, it also include who had # some time in the past, because you know when a # goes out of service, it gets reassigned to future people needing #s.
Also, it is only a matter of time before the viruses get into cell phones to make phone calls for the purpose of you being billed for money to go to the virus writers, like those 1-900 scams. User:AlMac|(talk) 10:53, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

Dummies books, Idiots guides, K.I.S.S. books[edit]

For a lay person who knows virtually nothing about a given topic, are these series generally considered to be better than other introductory books? I see ever-increasing topics covered in all three series, and the ones I've read seem pretty good at explaining the basics and are long enough to satisfy one's curiosity. Of course, nothing beats Wikipedia

  • It depends on the subject matter, I would guess, but from personal experience, the "...For Dummies" series isn't terrible. The one on golf was actually very good, IMO, as was the one on HTML. They really are designed for someone who knows absolutely nothing or nearly nothing about the subject; I picked up the one on American football and there was nearly nothing new to learn from it. If you're looking for a free alternative to these sorts of books, you might try Wikibooks... ;-) android79 01:54, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
  • These books are terrific, not because they go back to the very beginning and assume you know nothing, but because they are written simply and clearly, with communication being their first priority, not maintaining the elitism that language can automatically provide for an "in" group. If textbooks were all written like this, more people would actually learn something in school. I can't vouch for the K*I*S*S books, but I will say the the Dummies series and the Complte Idiots series are quite terrific. Mitchell k dwyer 02:34, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
  • I've always found the For Dummies books very good, mostly I've seen ones on computing but others on non-tecchy subjects have been good too. On computing again, SAMS guides seem very good. However, I'd strongly recommend that before buying any individual book checking the feedback at Amazon and/or visiting some websites on the subject and seeing if they review the book. --bodnotbod 00:17, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

Closing a business[edit]

Where do I look to find out how to close a business without getting sued by the employees? Any help would be greatful.


What country is your business in? That may help people give you an idea of where you should be looking. Although, no matter what country, consulting a lawyer would probably be everyone's first suggestion. Dismas|(talk) 06:51, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
Sued? Just fire them and close down. Surely, they cannot expect employment in perpetuity. --Nelson Ricardo 07:30, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
  • They can expect to get paid for as long as the contract says they are employed. If you were to fire them, they could sue you for breech of contract no matter what. However, offering a few months extra pay may convince some to leave of their own free will. Still, the lawyer suggestion is the best, though. Asking complete strangers for legal advice is not really a good idea. - 09:34, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

You need to have a lawyer, or legal expert check the law in your geography. Many states in the USA, for example, require that you give 3 months notice, or some similar time period, before closing your doors, because it is going to have a major impact on the taxes collected, and money to budget to pay unemployment compensation to your former employees. User:AlMac|(talk) 10:58, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

Why would you worry about getting sued? If they think the business is worth continuing enough to sue you for it then sell it to them at a fair price and walk away. Still get a good lawyer to make sure all the odds and ends are handled right. - Taxman Talk 15:26, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

NFL History[edit]

The website states in 1938 the Green Bay Packers played one game that wasn't an official NFL game. Who would they have played, and could this happen today?

If I'm reading correctly, the site actually states that one game in 1938 was played at a neutral site. Except for the Super Bowl and the preseason Pro Football Hall of Fame Game, games are never scheduled for neutral sites anymore, although I think some get moved occassionally to escape various natural disasters. As for playing games that are not official NFL games, this would never ever happen today, probably for various contract reasons. --Maxamegalon2000 06:19, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
If I had to venture a guess, I'd say they probably played the Chicago Bears. The cities are close enough to each other that they could easily have met for a scimage match. Dismas|(talk) 06:49, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
The neutral-site game was a Sept. 29, 1938 contest against the Chicago Cardinals in Buffalo. Oddly, the teams had met four days earlier in Milwaukee. It's no surprise they moved a Cardinals game, since the Cards got poor attendance in Chicago. Perhaps they scheduled the game that way so the teams could save money by traveling together. -- Mwalcoff 01:42, 5 January 2006 (UTC)


IS there any land unexlored or any region where humans are still living in ancient old age condition with isolated comunity?

Antarctica is mostly unmapped, and various extensive cave systems are yet to be fully explored. There are a few isolated communities of native americans living in the Amazon rainforest in their traditional manner, as well as traditionalist Bedouins and the Amish (if you consider their way of life "ancient old age"), among others. GeeJo (t) (c) 09:23, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
The Pirahã people of the Amazon are pretty isolated, and also really trippy. The Pirahã language is one of the strangest in the world. I would love to go live with the Pirahã for a few months. —Keenan Pepper 09:30, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
  • No doubt there's still tribes living traditionally around Borneo, Cambodia and other Asian countries. Also, there's several such tribes in Africa. - 09:35, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
I suppose you mean unexplored by Westerners (if there are people there then the region is by definition explored :) ). Depends on how isolated you mean. In Borneo the Dayaks are well accustomed to western stuff, although they don't always adopt it (good on 'm). However, the Penan are traditionally hunters/gatherers and although they are receiving incentives to settle down, some will still be living traditionally (don't know how many, though). But they all know about Western culture and few still dress in bark loincloths. As for peoples who have never contacted Western culture, your only chances will probably be in Amazonia. But then, how would we know about them? :) DirkvdM 11:08, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
You could say that the bottom of the oceans are yet to be explored. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk)

Another candidate for most isolated and primitive people is the Tasaday; our article is excellent. Scratch the Amish from your list: their culture is a mixture of 17th to 20th century customs and tools but doesnt belong in a discussion with primitive peoples of the undeveloped regions. alteripse 13:07, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

I recall articles after the tsunami about a isolated peoples, I think it was some island(s?) in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The Indian government went to special lengths not to contact them too much in an effort to preserve their aboriginal culture. - Taxman Talk 15:23, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

On this note, I can't remember what it's called, but I think it was somewhere in Africa, a language only spoken by one person. There are also some Aboriginal Australian languages spoken by less than 10 people. Yeltensic42.618 ambition makes you look pretty ugly 01:12, 6 January 2006 (UTC)

  • There's an isolated community referred to in Guns, Germs and Steel but I forget which. Whether it remains isolated is another matter. I think it may have been Papua New Guinea. In the book it was used to illustrate a society that had not advanced very much since antiquity. Somewhere on the web (at an American public broadcasting site of some description?) there is a transcript of a documentary series based on the book which is where I get my hazily remembered info from, so if you feel suitably motivated you could seek it out. --bodnotbod 00:21, 12 January 2006 (UTC)


I am single 25 yr 66 kg (male).What should be my frequency of masterbate?

About 40 strokes a minute. - Nunh-huh 09:32, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
Some would say the ideal frequency is never, some would say as much as you want. See Masturbation#Health and psychological effects. —Keenan Pepper 09:34, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

I am trying to ask the frquency means, how many times with in a particular period?

Yes. I think Nunh-huh was attempting humor. —Keenan Pepper 09:52, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

Why do you mention your weight? Without your size (body size I mean :) ) that doesn't say a lot. And even being fat or skinny doesn't seem relevant. Apart from that, Keenan already gave the answer I wanted to give. DirkvdM 11:15, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

The average for a person your sex and age is a couple of times a week. If these sorts of topics are frequently on your mind, you might want to read this overview of sex in America. --George 16:44, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
  • Two times a week? Blimey. I'm glad we're much less Christian here in the United Kingdom. I'd be left with an awful lot of spare time on my hands. As it stands (parp!) I'm left with something else on them.... --bodnotbod 00:24, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

Sounds like a Science Desk question. Loveline is probably even better, but you can never get through on the phones from what I understand. Now, while I won't say I'm a seasoned expert on this subject (though I do my fair share as any healthy young male like myself should -- HA!), I will say that perhaps the way to know how often is too often is to determine whether or not it's interfering with your life mentally, physically, or socially. In theory, if a man produces new sperm every fifteen minutes, you could do it 4x hourly, which means that you could stroke it 96 times in a 24 hour period. This, of course, is not something I'd recommend, but if you're daring, you could try. Once in the morning and once in the evening seems to do it for me, though I have been known to "alter" this schedule should the "need" "arise." Cernen 09:33, 8 January 2006 (UTC)


Is anyone a member of those contact a celebrity websites? I really want Trish Stratus's e-mail.Does anyone know it? Or any sites which will give it away for free?

I'll give it to you for $500. --Optichan 15:43, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
  • You never know if such contact details are current. I wouldn't take out my cash for any such sites. I would recommend trying to find a official website for this person, or track down their management or employer. - Mgm|(talk) 19:16, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
Her official website is at According to the contact page, fan mail can be sent to:
Stratus Enterprises, Inc.
5468 Dundas Street West
Suite #579
Toronto, ON
M9B 6E3
I hope that helps. Because I don't actually have her e-mail address. --Optichan 20:38, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
'Giveaway sites' only have addresses if they are contracted to distribute the details by the person/company or their representative. (Privacy laws, I think.) So, if you want her address...then just follow Optichan's advice. --JB Adder | Talk 22:43, 10 January 2006 (UTC)

Pound to currency conversions[edit]

My sister created an article, Pound to Currency Conversions. It seems to have been deleted. Does anyone know an archived record of the discussion, or if it even has been deleted?My sisters anonymous, by the way--Young XenoNeon (converse) 09:37, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Pound to currency conversions. —Keenan Pepper 09:50, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
That doesn't give the deleted article. I've come across this problem too (can't remember which article). Is such an article physically deleted? If not, it might be accessible through the list of contributions. Under what address did your sister do the edit(s)? If it is physically deleted then Wikipedia is not a good place to keep prove of having come up with something for the first time. This will probably turn out to be historically insignificant, but I put my alternative for the Big Bang theory on my user page so that in case someone else comes up with this I can say "Ah, but I was first". :) This is probably aminor thing (only the future can tell), but more in general this is an interresting thing. How secure is info on Wikipedia? I read that drive space is not a premium and terefore assumed that nothing (especially when it's only text of a few KB) will ever get removed. I mean physically, so it is always accessible through the history. DirkvdM 11:32, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

Deleted article text is preserved in the Wikipedia database. It is accessible to administrators and can be undeleted following a mistaken deletion or a discussion at Wikipedia:Deletion review. Gdr 11:37, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

Additionally, I offer to email the deleted text to anyone. Morwen - Talk 14:06, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
  • You don't really need the article text. Google will give a more up-to-date conversion rate. - Mgm|(talk) 19:20, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

"Thank God for Hurricane Katrina" extremist group[edit]

A while ago, I saw an article on a religious extremist group that are involved in protesting gay marriage, abortions, etc etc. They were in the news for displaying signs that said "Thank God for Hurricane Katrina". Can anyone remind me of the name of this group? If I recall correctly, there weren't many members and they lived in a compound of some variety.

That would be the work of the Westboro Baptist Church. And the link you seek is here. Dismas|(talk) 13:38, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

"Everything I haven't heard of is crap."[edit]

My sister genuinely believes that anything she hasn't heard of is crap (her own words). This includes things like Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Citizen Kane, Abbey Road, Norway, the Super Nintendo, A Midsummer Night's Dream and Buddhism. What can I tell her to illustrate how ridiculous this view is? Is there a word for this sort of person?

  • Egocentrism, perhaps, though the phrasing I'd use is "self-centered moron"
I am quite surprised she can get through doors with a head that size. Tell her that if she hasn't heard of such things, it is due to ignorance, not some sort of omniscience of what is not "crap". Grumpy Troll (talk) 15:00, 4 January 2006 (UTC).
Actually more than doing something to convince her, you should probably just record her saying that so you have proof later when she reallizes she is wrong. Her view is basically an immature response to insecurity about their being so much out there that she doesn't know. It's not a terribly contructive stance, but it's not terribly destructive either, as it's not likely to effect more than her. - Taxman Talk 15:15, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
How old is she? Maybe it is just a phase.--Ali K 15:28, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
I would be genuinely interested in knowing how old she is, as I find it amazing anyone would not have heard of every one of Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Citizen Kane, Abbey Road, Norway, the Super Nintendo, A Midsummer Night's Dream and Buddhism, let alone not have heard of any of them. Has she been outside her home town in her entire life? — JIP | Talk 18:08, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
I didn't know who Pierre-Auguste Renoir was. Probably because I know nothing about culture. --Optichan 18:27, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
Maybe if you heard his name spoken it would sound more familiary: Ren-wah. --Fastfission 21:46, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
Not caring about something and not having heard of it are completely different things. I have heard of all the above but don't care about all of them.
  • I know Pierre-Auguste Renoir was some French painter. After looking at the article, I remembered he did some city landscapes. Not interesting enough.
  • I know Citizen Kane was Orson Welles's breakthrough movie and considered one of the best movies ever. I have seen it and frankly don't like it very much at all. His later movie, The Touch of Evil, was much better.
  • Norway is a really cool place, even though it's really expensive, and all the Norwegians speak Swedish in a funny way. =)
  • The Super Nintendo is really great. I finally own one (after fifteen years) but I can't get the sound working. If someone offered to swap it for a GameCube I wouldn't do it.
  • I saw A Midsummer Night's Dream in a Finnish summer theatre many years ago. It was rather entertaining but not specially great.
  • Buddhism is a really cool thing. Myself, I don't subscribe to any religion, but I find the principles of Buddhism interesting. — JIP | Talk 22:09, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
On the other hand, maybe she's brilliant, in a weird way, depending on what she means by "crap." Once you cite an example of something she hasn't heard of that isn't crap, she can say, "Well, now I've heard of it, so it isn't crap." If Citizen Kane is not something significant enough for her to be made aware of it, perhaps it is "crap." I know I'm not articulating this well, but there's something strangely intriguing -- beyond the obvious maddening egocentrism -- going on here. Mitchell k dwyer 15:35, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
Tell her that what she's just said is a Paradox, and there are plenty of paradoxes she has yet to hear of. -- Halidecyphon 18:54, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
I agree. If you needs support, use the debate of what she had heard of when she was younger, compared to what she's heard of now. --JB Adder | Talk 22:53, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
If we assume she at one point knew nothing, then that means that everything must be crap. Or, if we assume her "taste" is only now evolved, it means that she is simply saying that she does not believe that she will ever experience anything meaningful again. Pity her, until she grows out of this silliness, for she has decided to go the way of the close-minded. --Fastfission 21:49, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
Tell her that she shouldn't be such a dick, and that the two of you need to have a nice cup of tea and a sit down. Cernen 09:42, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
Avoid self references ;) Scott5114 01:50, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

can castilla be promoted if real madrid get relegated?[edit]

can castilla be promoted if real madrid get relegated?

I think La Liga rules say that the B-team can not be higher than the A-team. So if Real Madrid fell to the Segunda división, Castilla would go to Segunda B. And even if that happen, I think that they would just move Castilla's players to Real Madrid and Real Madrid's to Castilla. If they don't release them all, of course. Luigi30 (Ταλκ) 17:52, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
Oh, so we're talking about soccer here? --Optichan 18:22, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
I believe the correct term is football :) Natgoo 20:10, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
I was trying to differentiate between football and football to confuse the least people. --Optichan 17:52, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

Lutz Remediation[edit]

I heard the phrase "Lutz Remediation" and can not find any info on it. I may have heard the word "Lutz" wrong, but it is associated with cleaning up an environmental problem. Any info?

Can you give some more context, such as where you did hear that phrase? Assuming you got the "Lutz" part right, it might be either related to some remediation project at Lutz, Florida, or have something to do with the following papers:
  • Lutz, E.J. Jr.; Lee, M.D. ; Bartlett, C.L.; Buchanan, R.J.; Ellis, D.E.; Harkness, M.R.; DeWeerd, K.A.: Accelerated Anaerobic Bioremediation Pilot Study Final Report - Dover Air Force Base. Remediation Technology Development Forum Bioremediation of Chlorinated Solvents Work Group document; Dover AFB, May 22, 2000.
  • Ellis, D.E.; Lutz, E.J. Jr.; Odom, J.M.; Buchanan, R.J. Jr.; Bartlett, C.L.; Lee, M.D.; Harkness, M.R.; DeWeerd, K.A.: Bioaugmentation for Accelerated In Situ Anaerobic Bioremediation; Env. Sci. and Tech. 34(11), pp. 2254 – 2260. 2000.
HTH. Lupo 08:15, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

I found out it is Lust Property. Thanks.


Please can you give me an article on the actions of the BRACHIO-RADIALIS (muscle) Thank-you P Thomas

No problem. Brachioradialis. Took me one Google search to find that. -- Ec5618 17:38, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

The heights of the Bushes[edit]

Exactly how tall is George W. Bush in comparison with his father, George H. W. Bush (not in metric)?

Thank you in advance. Mothperson cocoon 19:01, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

See List of U.S. Presidents by height order. User:Zoe|(talk) 20:31, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
We have a list about that? --cesarb 20:38, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
Haven't had such a good laugh in a long time! DirkvdM 07:57, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
Apparently Wikipedia has a lot of lists about the US presidents. --Optichan 20:50, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
Just be grateful nobody's created Category:Taller-than-average U.S. presidents. JamesMLane 02:31, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
What do you have against metric? Anyway, I decided one day to take the trouble of memorising the full names of all eleven Finnish presidents in chronological order. I've now managed to do it well enough that you can pick any number from 1 to 11 and within less than a minute I'll tell you which president that was, and hopefully some general info about him/her. (You don't have any "her" in the United States Presidents, do you?) — JIP | Talk 21:38, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

We are all extremely sick. I have nothing against metric. I just can't visualize well. So tell me about number - 4! The clock is ticking. Mothperson cocoon 22:07, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

Try Kyösti Kallio. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 02:13, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
Sorry, you wrote your answer at a time when I was already sleeping at night. CambridgeBayWeather already answered your question. — JIP | Talk 06:13, 5 January 2006 (UTC)


What General avation air craft is considered the cadillac of airplanes?

Depends on what you consider a GA aircraft. From our General Aviation article, GA includes all non-airline flights, in which case the Saudi Royal Family's private Boeing 747 would probably take the cake. If you take a more modest definition of a plane that the owner flies himself (or herself), then IMO a King Air 350 is the nicest GA plane I've seen. Mind you this is just opinion, and I knew a guy who flew his own Citation IISP which some might consider nicer. -User:Lommer | talk 23:45, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
Personally, I would prefer the Porsche of GA aircraft (if it ever gets off the ground...) - ATG Javelin. Anybody got a spare 3-4 million USD (got to have some money for fuel and maintenance...) --Robert Merkel 23:03, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

sheep's testicles[edit]

Is there another term for sheep's testicles? The French call them wiktionary:rognons blancs (white kidneys). Do we have sth poetic too? Wonderfool --Fooled...err..1 19:09, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

Bull testicles are called Rocky Mountain oysters... —Keenan Pepper 19:45, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
But only when cooked. User:Zoe|(talk) 21:32, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
I had goat's testicles in Africa, but I don't know what they were called. DirkvdM 07:59, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
Some Australians call them "lambs fry", but most others reserve that term for the lamb's liver. JackofOz 00:53, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
Bo Peep's Meatballs. Cernen 09:47, 8 January 2006 (UTC)


can these be used in a computer-- 19:09, 4 January 2006 (UTC)

Where else would you stick 'm? It's a computer medium. Yes, you can use them in stand-alone machines too, but those are just dedicated computers (not general purpose, like a pc), despite what the manual may tell you. The problem is the other way around. The standalone machines can only read a few formats. A pc could in principle read anything, but laws may prevent software vendors to give functionality for certain formats, meaning you'd have to find an illegal solution (or pay if that is an option). I'd say everyone stick to mpeg and that problem is solved. Or is there a reason not to use mpeg? DirkvdM 08:06, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

It's not working on mine.-- 17:01, 6 January 2006 (UTC)

Just to make sure; you don't happen to stick it in a CD or 'DVD RAM' drive? (Sorry if I offended you, but I can't know your level of expertise.) If not, at the bottom of the DVD+RW Alliance article it says that both 'plus' and 'minus' disks should work in the vast majority of DVD players. Maybe you have one of the few that can't handle the 'minus' disks. Don't know off hand where you could check that. DirkvdM 07:42, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

hover cars[edit]

how far off are we from making 'hover cars'?

I don't know about hover cars, but the Moller Skycar may go into production at some point. A "hover car" that floats above the ground using fans or jets is probably unlikely, because it would take too much energy to keep the car hovering. Rhobite 20:18, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
The Moller Skycar has been "about to go into production" for decades. As far as something that actually worked goes, there was the Williams X-Jet, which actually flew back in the 1980's. In any case, the FAA and public liability laws nearly killed off conventional private planes 20 years ago, and the airlines are already beginning to complain about the safety risks the VLJ will pose to airliners. The professionals like having the air to themselves as much as possible.--Robert Merkel 22:47, 4 January 2006 (UTC)
Personal flying vehicles for all may never happen, since the risks would be so great. A car that stalls and won't restart usually just blocks traffic, while a plane that stalls and won't restart often gets people killed. A hovercraft which is only a foot above the ground poses less of a risk, but still more than a car. The strong wind blowing out from around the skirt also would be quite annoying to pedestrians and would effect other hovercrafts nearby, and steering is not as precise in a hovercraft, necessitating wider lanes to prevent collisions. The noise level would also be unacceptable. So, I also doubt if we will ever have hovercrafts for everyone. Electric cars for everyone does seem like a possibility, once the technology is improved. StuRat 00:04, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
Moving cars also have a tendency to kill people (close to 30 million by now I believe - that's world war scale) and that hasn't caused any major uproar yet, as far as I know (alas). If you mean futuristic hovercars, well, they're as yet futuristic :) . But a hovercraft is also a hovercar. It happens to be used on water, but can also be used on land (or any other relatively flat surface). Just see the opening scenes of Die another day. StuRat already beat me to mentioning the disadvantages of land use for the general public. And similar disadvantages go for hovering with a (different sort of) jet stream.
Another option might be an adaption of magnetic rail. But that would require a complete change of infrastructure, so it's not likely to get used for anything but public transport over much used routes. The photo at Aérotrain, however, looks suspiciously like a car. And futuristic (does it use jet propulsion?).
Or did you have a specific technology in mind? DirkvdM 08:41, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
According to Back to the Future II, we'll have them in nine years, in 2015,and according to Lost in Space we had them 8 years ago. Yeltensic42.618 ambition makes you look pretty ugly 01:27, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
I'm not an engineer but... Given the poor record of the Sinclair C5, the Segway and the current hoo-hah about oil supplies running out I think hover cars will remain firmly in the realm of The Jetsons and Futurama. --bodnotbod 00:45, 12 January 2006 (UTC)


What does the phrase (broken arrow and a bottle of wine) mean and where did it come from?

TV show[edit]

I am looking for a TV series that

  • took place in the late 90's that
  • ran in Nashville area about a man
  • Who lived in a luxury apartment
  • And also a box inside the apartment.
  • And lived a life of crime.
  • It is baffling everyone.
  • Main character's name was probably Johnny.

Main character plotted to murder someone every episode. Everyone is puzzled as to what show this is might have run on FOX or local cable TV in Nashville.

Thank you,
Rod O'Connor

  • I've formatted the question a little bit. Unfortunately, I don't know the answer. - Mgm|(talk) 09:47, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
    • I don't know the answer either, but do you know about how many episodes the series ran, and do you happen to know what night it ran on? That information could also help narrow it down some. TomStar81 00:47, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
  • Try They might have what you're looking for. --JB Adder | Talk 23:00, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
    • TVtome is now, but anywhoo check they have a section called "Stump the Shark" that may help you out. Deathawk 01:23, 14 January 2006 (UTC)

January 5[edit]

Citing Sources[edit]

How does one cite a comic book? (MLA format) Do you have to bother with pencilers, inkers, and letterers? Or perhaps just the writer and the colorist? DuctapeDaredevil 00:52, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

I think it might depend on what you were referencing - the artwork or the storyline - and decide what's appropriate to leave out. This site has some suggestions and examples, and the standard citation they give is to list the writer (w), penciller (p) and inker (i) like this: Fox, Gardner F. (w), Mike Sekowsky (p), and Bernard Sachs (i). "The Wheel of Misfortune." Justice League of America #6 (Aug.-Sep. 1961), National Comics Publications [DC Comics]. --Canley 01:33, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
Thannnnkkkk Yooooouuuuu! (And I was refrencing a quote.) DuctapeDaredevil 03:00, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

Human Meat[edit]

Does anyone here know or can make a scientificly accurate estimate as to what human meat would taste like medium cooked and unseasoned of a average weight, build, cholesterol etc. man/woman, taken from standard muscle tissue, and then a comparison to more dense muscle tissue?

I would presume that there would be an internal bodily system to discourage the taste or thought of eating human meat.

PLease use as much detail as possible texture, taste, smell etc. (7121989 01:24, 5 January 2006 (UTC))

Try Cannibalism check out the see also and this guy Armin Meiwes has some information on what sauteéd penis tastes like. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 02:22, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
Tastes like chicken of course. --hydnjo talk 03:54, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
Shouldn't be very different from other meats. And I don't think there's any "an internal bodily system to discourage the taste or thought of eating human meat." I guess it's a matter of culture. I have the same repulsion and disgust for eating any kind of meat. deeptrivia (talk) 05:09, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
Why would there be an 'internal bodily system' to discourage eating human meat? One reason would be that the closer the animal you eat is to you, the greater the chances that any disease it has will be contagious to you. And that would especially go for human meat. Indeed, there is a disease one can only get from eating human brains (some Papuas still get that disease occasionally, I've heard....). But that should then discourage us eating any meat that is close to us, like pigs or monkeys. I tried a monkey once and my travelling companion pointed out to me that that was probably the closest we'd ever get to eating human meat. Tasted ok, though (a bit stringy). But eating human flesh can also be a life saver. In mankind's history, we've mostly been hunters/gatherers, living in small bands. When such a group was going through a difficult period food-wise, I suppose they ate each other (first the dead and then the weak?). And it seems to me that that option is a stronger advantage than the disadvantage of the risk of infection. There might be some built-in mechanism to prevent us eating meat that shows signs of disease, though. Oh, but I believe meat eaters don't eat meat eaters. We're omnivores, though. DirkvdM 08:52, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
There are often bodily systems put in place as 7121989 stated which prevent humans harming each other out of cause. This was put in place long ago through evolution to ensure no self-harm to a species, so that it be preserved. This is evident in many animals and a human example is the 'wrongness' of murder and the human guilt that can occur after murder eg. macbeth syndrome etc. Serial killers suffer from a distinct lack of this sympathy and there is also a reverse an urge for murder in cold blood.
  • How something tastest is entirely subjective, so even if you do get an answer, you may not agree with it (assuming you ever tasted to compare). - Mgm|(talk) 09:49, 5 January 2006 (UTC)1

Allow me to point you in the direction of That's an archive link, as it's sadly died, so don't go there now, as it's just advertising. Take a look on google for information about it (sadly, it turned out to be a hoax) Proto t c 14:41, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

Allen, Gary. 1999. What is the Flavor of Human Flesh? Presented at the Symposium Cultural and Historical Aspects of Foods Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR [9] --George 14:46, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

Grant Hill[edit]

What happened to Grant Hill?

Grant Hill who? CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 02:16, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

Could this be OCD?[edit]

I have a "need" to exert pressure on my hands and feet, especially in the evening before I go to sleep. I usually put my hand into a fist and squeeze it between the bed and wall, or between the mattresses. I also tend to push my feet between couch cushions or under the body of my partner. This is a behavior I have had since childhood. Is there a name for this?

This does not fit the diagnostic criteria for obsessive-compulsive disorder. It does remind me of a similar and fairly widespread phenomenon: that of hugging or squeezing or immobilizing for comfort or calming. See hug machine for a more extreme example of this. alteripse 03:22, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

I vaguely remember once hearing that such squeezing reminds one of being in the womb.
The following is a bit off-topic, but could still be helpful. At Rainbow Gatherings there is a custom to hug one another, which is quite a nice feeling once you give into it. You may have to break some psychological barrier and maybe that itself gives the liberating sensation. But my guess it has indeed to do with bodily contact. The squeeze is quite important. I've seen a couple hug tightly for a few minutes and break out in tears. It can be quite powerful. There's even a 'hug police' that looks around for people who feel glum, upon which they hug them to cheer them up. And I once heard of someone breaking up a fight by hugging one of the fighters. Of course that person was thus immobilised and the other may have felt ashamed to take advantage of the situation. Or maybe they were so flabbergasted they forgot about the fight. :) DirkvdM 09:07, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
You could have Restless legs syndrome. It's a horrible thing that robs you of your sleep. I have a milder version, but it was only discovered when I went to a sleep clinic. You need some good drugs from a specialist, which really work. --Zeizmic 13:53, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
To clear confusion, there is something called Hypnic jerk which is very normal and always drives the slower sleeping partner nuts. You will also notice this if your dog likes to sleep on you. --Zeizmic 21:25, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

Trees of Oklahoma[edit]

Bold text

So it is! (?) And this is in italics. Know any more? DirkvdM 08:59, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
AND THIS IS IN ALL CAPS. Yeltensic42.618 ambition makes you look pretty ugly 01:44, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
strikethrough and underline! And ALL TOGETHER NOW!! DirkvdM 08:26, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
Small text. Yeltensic42.618 ambition makes you look pretty ugly 14:17, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
large text Yeltensic42.618 ambition makes you look pretty ugly 14:23, 6 January 2006 (UTC)

.txet sdrawkcaB 21:11, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Headline text[edit]

I need more information on the Trees of Oklahoma, what link can i find this information?

Sincerely, Janice Johnson <removed email address>

[10] seems like a good place to start. Take a look at the Flora project. GeeJo (t) (c) 03:56, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
Please don't post your email address here. Spammers love that sort of thing. User:Zoe|(talk) 16:33, 5 January 2006 (UTC)


What is Franc's main export?

From the Economy of France artice:
Principal French exports to the United States are aircraft and engines, beverages, electrical equipment, chemicals, cosmetics, and luxury products. France is the ninth-largest trading partner of the U.S. СПУТНИКСССР 02:50, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
You're aware that not all exports end up in the US, right? In fact it's close to only 6% of their exported goods. In general, machinery and transportation equipment, chemicals, iron and steel products; agricultural products, textiles and clothing are the principal exports of France, mostly to other EU members. GeeJo (t) (c) 03:49, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

Searching college graduates (quebec)[edit]

Is there a place online where I am able to check if a certain person is a college graduate (documents available from 80's). This is for people in Quebec. If not, what would I have to do to search up a person to see their education?

Search for the person's name in Google! You won't be able to prove the person isn't a college graduate, but their name should appear somewhere online if they are and you might be able to glean some educational information from the search results. --Canley 04:12, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
Good lord! It's a huge assumption to think that every uni graduate is going to be mentioned online in a way that confirms their education. Can you contact the university the person says they graduated from and ask? Also ask to see their degree/s and academic transcript. Natgoo 11:09, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
Absoultely, it's a big assumption. Obviously Google isn't a definitive college record! However, many graduates (and I did say should) appear online if they have written a paper which is stored somewhere on the web, or if their graduation record is stored online. Very unlikely for the 80s of course, but it's the best chance this person has (apart from the obvious - actually asking the person to provide proof). -Canley 17:45, 6 January 2006 (UTC)

hair locks[edit]

why the hair gets locked for some people? What is the scientific reaction behind this phenominon ? Nirmala

Do you mean like dreadlocks? That's just a matter of not combing one's hair. Your question suggests that doesn't happen for all hair types. Which ones? Stiff curly hair maybe? DirkvdM 09:14, 5 January 2006 (UTC)


IS there any goggle made which can visiualise beyond someone's wearing?Is it possible to see through wall of bricks by using it?Any technical base for that?

Kind off; special thermal imaging cameras have been used to that effect; see X-ray vision and X-Ray Specs (novelty). Great artist's impression on there! smurrayinchester(User), (Talk) 07:56, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
Something similar exists for viewing through walls. However, with this, you only see heat transmitted by the bodies. If you want to see in 'normal light', that light would have to reflect off the body and then pass through the clothes. But then you wouldn't need special goggles or whatever. Of course, there's also that picture of Diana in a see-through dress, but that requires special clothing on the part of the 'victim' (also, it was just a silhouette). And that is one of the prerequisites. The other is the light being strong enough. In other words, this can't be done secretly. Or is there a wavelength that would pass through clothes but get reflected off skin? The result would be black and white, though (or whatever monochromatic colour you want to give it).
There's a much simpler solution, though. Break into a girl's shower room (at a sports stadium) and install a camera with a radio transmitter. Or isn't that what you were thinking of? :) DirkvdM 09:25, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
Some airports security have this box you walk into. You are fully clothed but the security guards see you naked, and what's in all the pockets of your clothes. If you not want them to see you like this, then either not go through those airports, or see if they will let you wear a Scots Sporran. User:AlMac|(talk) 09:53, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
How does that work then? Or what is that called? DirkvdM 10:49, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
Backscatter X-ray machine. Basically, while a normal X-ray machine measures the X-rays which can get through, Backscatter measures those which can't get through. These are reflected back into the machine, which can then generate a 3D image of every layer of the subject. smurrayinchester(User), (Talk) 18:58, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
Wouldn't that require much (much much) stronger radiation than a 'normal' (silhouette) x-ray image? And wouldn't that be a health hazard? I wouldn't mind people seeing me 'naked', but I do value my health. Shouldn't (by law - whose law?) a warning be given whenever a journey involves going through such a box? And where are they in use? DirkvdM 08:34, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
It actually requires weaker x-rays; normal x-rays need to be so strong that they can pass right through your muscle and fatty tissue, while backscatter needs weaker x-rays; the x-rays are bounced back harmlessly off the skin. smurrayinchester(User), (Talk) 17:08, 6 January 2006 (UTC)

Any way to "break" the password of a RAR file?[edit]

Is there any way to extract files from a passworded RAR file (in this case, various .r01, r.02 files, etc) without the password?

It's rather difficult. As our article on RAR notes, strong encryption is used, so the only feasible attack is a dictionary attack (essentially, getting a computer to guess the password). If a good password has been chosen, you won't be able to read the files. Elcomsoft sells software for this purpose; it wouldn't be hard to write an open source version but it'll be much easier to just pay the money to buy the software (though they do have a free 30-day trial). --Robert Merkel 09:56, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
Many uploaders include the password in the .nfo file posted with the rars. Make sure you read the .nfo file before assuming you don't have the password - you may need to download a viewer (such as DAMN NFO viewer) to read. Natgoo 10:59, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
Notepad will usually open up an .nfo file easily enough. Proto t c 16:15, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
Heh I didn't know that. Makes total sense, though, being a text file and all. Duh. Thanks :) Natgoo 18:58, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

Photoshop assistance...[edit]

Could someone with photoshop cut the main figure out of this photograph, and paste him onto a white background?

Thanks a lot. :)

Again? Why can't you do it yourself? Lupo 12:29, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

Wow, I'm so sorry, I didn't realise I'd already put it on... Sorry!


In HTML script, I just can't figure out how to make multiple web pages for your site(in addition to your home page, you know, a scroll along the side). You know, a trivia section of your website etc. Its tearing me apart! My website was perfect!--Young XenoNeon (converse) 12:18, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

Try looking at the HTML source of this page. Taiq 13:50, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

This is good: I already knew how to provide links to URLs. How do you create the subpage URLs that you link to?--Young XenoNeon (converse) 16:36, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

I assume you're talking about anchors. Here's a page that has some.

So to make the first one, I would start with

<a href="#jormun">Jormungand</a>

That makes the link. Then I would put:

<a name="jormun">Jormungand</a>

to get the header, and the place to link to. See how the name defined in the second part is the thing linked to? You can also link directly to an anchor on a diffrent page by typing out the web address, then adding a hash mark (#) and the anchor name. 20:54, 5 January 2006 (UTC) Or maybe it's the creation of the subpages themselves, in which case it depends on your webhosting provider. But most of them have a little link in your file manager that says 'create new file'. -Del

Owen Jackson[edit]

Who is owen jackson

A Google search shows that Owen Jackson is currently the Director of Procurement and E-Commerce for the Jamaica Business Resource Center. Did you mean Gwyneth Owen-Jackson? Taiq 13:52, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

long haul flights[edit]

I'm about to fly from England and Australia and wondered how pilots on long haul flights stay awake? Is there really enough work to keep the crew fully occupied? Or do they just sit there and drink coffee? --Shantavira 14:20, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

I would imagine the co-pilot takes over while the pilot naps, but that's just a guess. Taiq 14:21, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

On long haul flights, there is more than one set of crew, and they rotate. There'd be up to 3 co-pilots. There is only one captain / pilot, who must be at the stick for take-off and landing, and so for a lot of the cruising at altitude, two of the co-pilots wil be flying the plane. Proto t c 14:36, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
Ok, but wouldn't they just fly on auto-pilot? --Shantavira 14:52, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
Yes, but they still have to be there, in case anything goes wrong. Proto t c 14:57, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
So my original questions stand. --Shantavira 16:02, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
As does my answer - the autopilot handles the flying once the plane has reached cruising altitude, but at all times there needs to be two people capable of piloting the plane in the cockpit, on duty. On a long haul flight, there are more than two on the plane, and they rotate. There is always plenty to keep the flight crew occupied, even when autopilot is engaged; autopilots are not that clever, and will only keep the plane moving in a straight line at a set height - any and all course changes must be carried out by the flight crew. And those changes take place a lot, due to weather conditions, turbulence, etc. They have to remain in contact with various air traffic controls, watch out for other planes, monitor the status of the plane itself, and so on. Proto t c 16:13, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
Thanks Proto, that is reassuring. --Shantavira 16:34, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
I imagine you're asking partially because you feel horribly lethargic and distracted after even a medium-haul flight, and you can't imagine doing something important like flying an aircraft. Pilots don't, really, feel any worse than you'd feel after a long day at the office. One reason is, as you say, that they have stuff to do. But another reason is that they're getting oxygen-enriched air; although the air pressure in the cockpit is the same as in the rest of the aircraft (which is around 80% of stp) the partial pressure of oxygen is about the same as at stp. So while you're back in cattle class with mild oxygen deprivation, they're fine up at the pointy end. How, you might ask, do the cabin staff cope, particularly given that they're doing aerobic exercise while you're just sitting there like a pudding? Partially they're used to it (which I guess means that they've got more red blood cells than they would do otherwise), partially they can get a little shot of oxygen from a mask in the galley, and partially they don't - I've been on several flights (well, two, I think) where a member of cabinstaff has fainted. Proto's sleeping-and-turn-taking answer works fine for commercial aircraft, but it's harder to do for long-haul military aircraft such as the B-2 Spirit - for that they still try to sleep, but eventually they break out the Dextroamphetamine. Read the side-effects section of that article and think how you feel about someone armed with a theromonuclear bomb taking some. -- Finlay McWalter | Talk 21:33, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
That might explain why Slim Pickens was so excitable at the end of Dr Strangelove. Perhaps he had been helping himself to the emergency rations. --Heron 12:43, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

Wikipedia's "date and time" preference.[edit]

When I set my preferences in Wikipedia, I set the time offset to 11 hours -- it shows the correct time in the "Local time" box... but whenever I sign a post, it still shows up as the server time (14:21), when it should say 01:23. What's wrong? Taiq 14:23, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

You'd want all signatures to use the same time zone, so that when reading a conversation you can know the order of things. Notinasnaid 16:20, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
The obvious follow-up to that one, is, of course, "Then why can't that common timezone be my timezone?". The answer, is, of course, that the WP database format really isn't made for that (remember, you aren't the only WP user). After signing with your signature (~~~~), they are immediately exchanged with the current date and time, and are stored in the database at pure ASCII text. Fixing old signatures basically is impossible. What would be feasible though, is to make future time stamps dynamically recomputed to match the timezone of choice of the user. I don't suppose this is high on the developers' to-do-list, though, and it would probably eat some server performance as well. TERdON 22:25, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

It's not server time — the servers are mostly in St Petersburg, Florida — but UTC, as it says in parentheses on every signature! Gdr 22:17, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

  • Note that the date/time stamp in your signature adds "(UTC)" indicating that the date/times have been converted to a common time zone. The notation of your post in the Page history however, should reflect the time zone of your preference. --hydnjo talk 22:23, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

Words to describe a person[edit]


what I am looking for is how could I find different words to describe a person? Because someone once asked me describe your husband in one word.

I need help trying to find the perfect word for my husband!!!!! HELP!!!

A thesaurus is a great reference for this sort of thing. As a specific word, though, I suggest ineffable (definition #1). — Lomn | Talk / RfC 16:10, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
Nobody can really be summed up in one word, and English is very rich in adjectives. Try describing you husband in several words to start with, and see if a theme emerges. If he resembles somebody (or something) famous, that name might provide a useful shortcut. --Shantavira 16:11, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

Assuming this is a national emergency, I suggest you rip out all the pages from your dictionary and start throwing darts. Cernen 06:57, 9 January 2006 (UTC)

Weight of Planet Earth[edit]

Does the burning of fossil fuels and forest fires have any significant effect on the weight of the Earth and will it have adverse effects in the future in relation to gravity, axis, rotation etc; Bearing in mind that the Earth year, we are told, was once about 400 days?

Burning merely changes the matter from one form into another. See Law of conservation of matter. --Shantavira 16:15, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
In conjunction with the above, the matter remains (for all practical intents and purposes) as part of the closed Earth system. Smoke does not appreciably escape into interplanetary space. Tides, however, do effect a slowing of the Earth's rotation. — Lomn | Talk / RfC 16:20, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
The only way a chemical reaction could change the mass of the Earth is if a light gas, like hydrogen or helium gas, was produced. Such gases move to the upper atmosphere, where the force of gravity is less, then get blown into space by the solar wind or their own thermal energy. Nuclear reactions, on the other hand, directly reduce the mass of the elements undergoing fusion or fission, by changing some of that mass into energy. However, the amount of mass converted to energy is insignificant as compared with the total mass of Earth. StuRat 21:05, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
That last point is about a mistaken assumption I've often heard people make in various reasonings. Earth's radius is roughly 6000 km. Earth's atmosphere is a few hundred km thick if you stretch the term. But only 100 km up is already almost vacuum. And 50% of the mass of the atmosphere is located in the bottom 5 km. That's just 1/1000 of Earth's radius. But this is linear and the Earth is three dimensional, so this has to be raised to the power 3, so that's one billionth of the volume (times two, because we're talking about 50% of the atmosphere, but that's nitpicking, relatively speaking). Add to that that the atmosphere is gas and the Earth is solid mass and you have to conclude that the atmosphere is a flimsy, almost negligible, layer from Earth's perspective (if the Earth would have a perspective :) ). DirkvdM 09:12, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
Days are getting longer by about 1.5 microseconds per year, but this is due to the Moon (see tidal acceleration). This might explain why there are now fewer days in a year than there used to be. The "400 days" comes from palaeontological observations (explained here). To go from 400 days to 365 days at 1.5 us per year would take 2 trillion years, which is much longer than the age of the Earth. Therefore the rate of slowing must have been much greater in the planet's youth, probably because the Moon was closer to the Earth. None of this has anything to do with the burning of fossil fuels. Mankind doesn't yet have the power to ruin the solar system (but we're working on it). --Heron 12:34, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
The Earth actualy keep getting heavier. Every day about 100 tons of Space dust fall on the Earth. --Sherool (talk) 01:02, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
  • What about house dust (ie, human skin)? Does that add to the weight too? --bodnotbod 01:24, 12 January 2006 (UTC)
  • Nope house dust is just matter moving from one form to another. Dead skin cells, sweat and other -- waste products your body discard have at one point been added to your body as food or drink. It gets broken down and re-shaped by various chemical and biological processes, but the sum of it all would still weight the same (if you take into acount the gasses that are created too). --Sherool (talk) 04:47, 12 January 2006 (UTC)
  • Yes, of course you're right. I've been a fool. --bodnotbod 11:36, 13 January 2006 (UTC)


Which dinosaur was the biggest?

  • Try this search on the website for the Guiness World Records book. - Mgm|(talk) 19:25, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
Very interesting: they actually spell it Guinness, but the URL works with either or They're obviously used to people getting it wrong! --Anonymous, 06:12 UTC, January 7, 2006
Qantas had the same problem, so they list themselves under Quantas in lots of places. JackofOz 00:59, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

number and names of US trade corporate book publishers as of 1/2006[edit]

PSP Locationfree player help[edit]

Hi, I was wondering what the base player is, for example, have a Sony Network Media Reciver (PCNA-MR10A) and was wondering if i could connect this to the PSP as the base player, and if so how?

How many different book publishing contracts with major publishing houses and their imprints are available as of 1/2006[edit]

Q: How many different book publishing contracts with major publishing houses and their imprints are available to a writer or a literary agent submitting an original work of fiction or of nonfiction, adult or children, for publication in English in the US?

"...ten years ago today,there were a lot more ...large-ish publishers for agents and packagers to sell to in all markets than there are now [2005]...The biggest publishers have been buying companies a level or two down from them and reducing the combined title output as well as reducing the types of deals that writers and their agents are able to make." E.g., One contract boilerplate for Random House, Inc., owned by Bertelsmann AG., which is home to: Ballantine Books Ballantine Reader's Circle Del Rey Del Rey/LucasBooks Fawcett Ivy One World Wellspring Bantam Hardcover Bantam Mass Market Bantam Trade Paperbacks Crimeline Delacorte Press Dell Delta Domain DTP Fanfare Island Spectra The Dial Press Bell Tower Clarkson Potter Crown Business Crown Publishers Inc. Harmony Books Prima Shaye Areheart Books Three Rivers Press Broadway Books Currency Doubleday Doubleday Image Doubleday Religious Publishing Main Street Books Nan A. Talese Harlem Moon Alfred A. Knopf Anchor Everyman's Library Pantheon Books Schocken Books Vintage Random House Audio Publishing Group Villard Books The Modern Library RH Trade Paperbacks Striver's Row Books Random House Children's Books: Alfred A. Knopf, Bantam, Crown, David Fickling Books, Delacorte Press, Dell Dragonfly, Dell Laurel-Leaf, Dell Yearling Books, Doubleday, Wendy Lamb Books

    1. end##

Business Enquiry[edit]

Dear Sir/Madam,

I am a business Man who deals with NAT OIL and am just searching for companies or factories that deals with that type of products and I am fortunate to come across your site. Can you please help me with companies or indusries that deals with such products. If you dont have any knowledge about any company dealing with NAT OIL then I will like if possible you help me with SOAP OIL COMPANIES IN EUROPE OR ASIA.

NB:I would like to put my email address for any one who want to help me with such companies(email removed)

I shall be very grateful if my request is giving a cosideration.

Thanks Lamin Dampha


Where can I find out when a person has aphasia although they can't talk coherently can they think straight?````

From his neurologist, if it's a question about a specific person. If it's a general question, many people with aphasia have no trouble thinking. But there are all kinds of aphasias (expressive, fluent aphasia, etc.) depending on the location of the brain lesion causing it. People with expressive aphasias in particular usually have no problem with comprehension or thinking. - Nunh-huh 21:23, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

I periodically suffer from the effects of aphasia during Transient ischemic attack. Typically for me the aphasia is nounal, that is, I cannot communicate clearly, but I can sometimes use articles and verbs, and express a certain amount of anxiety at my condition (typically by cursing). I'm not sure what your question is, though. If you have any questions, feel free to ask, either on here on my user page. Bethefawn 10:14, 10 January 2006 (UTC)

Trouble's my middle name?[edit]

How many people have been unfortunate enough to actually have 'danger' or 'trouble' or whatever as their middle name? --Fangz 21:56, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

Austin Danger Powers is one of them. Yeltensic42.618 ambition makes you look pretty ugly 01:50, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
  • You know, I rather think Fangz was asking about real people. For myself, I can't think of any. --Anonymous, 06:00 UTC, January 7
Not a middle name, but a first name from history: Dangereuse de l'Isle Bouchard, wife of Aimery I de Rochefoucauld, Vicomte de Chatellerhault. - Nunh-huh 03:10, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
Should we have an article about her, or her husband? —Keenan Pepper 08:01, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
Both would be nice, though I don't know enough to write them.

Aumary I de Rochefoucauld (b. 1077 (l'Isle-Bouchard, France), d. 7 November 1151 at L'Abbaye de Notre Dame de Noyers-sur-Cher, Indre-et-Loire, Centre, France), son of Boso II de Chastellerault (-1092) and his wife Eleanor de Thouars. He married in 1109 Dangereuse de l'Isle-Bouchard (also known as Dangerose and as Dangerosa), b. about 1079 Isle Bouchard, France, d. after 1119), daughter of Barthollomew de l'Isle-Bouchard and his wife Gerberga. Dangereuse either had a sister named Mauberge, or Maubergeonne or Maubergeron, or herself used the name Maubergeonne, as a woman by that name was also married to Aumary I de Rochefoucauld. One of them (Dangereuse or Maubergeonne) or Dangereuse/Maubergeonne, if she was one woman and not two, was also mistress of Duke William "the Troubadour" of Potou. Through their daughter Eleonore, who married Duke William X of Aquitaine, Count of Poitou 1126-1137, Dangereuse and Aumary were ancestors of King George I of Great Britain, Lady Diana, Prime Minister Chruchill, George Washingtion, and Louis XVII. - 08:41, 6 January 2006 (UTC)

my 9/11 videogame[edit]

hi iam an aspiring videogame designer i have an idea for a videogame about the september 11 th terriost attacks the premise of the game is to be told the mission from none other than bin laden himself and then you will choose which one of the 9/11 hijackers you want to be.what i want to know is are you disguted with my videogame idea or not if you are i won`t go through with it.

Yes, I am disgusted with it, as would be many others. I suspect legal and extralegal actions might be taken against you if you make such a game. In the US, for example, there is a law against profitting from a criminal act, which this seems to be. You could also be sued by the families of individual victims, who would argue that you are profiting from the deaths of their loved ones, without their permission, and thus owe them money. StuRat 22:36, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
IANAL, but profiting from a criminal act isn't federal law but state law and where it is, it applies only to the person(s) convicted of the crime. And I doubt very much you'd get any money in a civil case. Do I have to pay the Kennedys if I write a book on the JFK assassination? I think not. It doesn't change the fact that it's a highly insensitive and stupid thing to do. But stupidity isn't illegal - Freedom of speech is more important than hurt feelings. Anyway.. the author should perhaps also think less about his 'storyline' and concern himself more about what makes a good game. The background story had little to do with it, last I played something. --BluePlatypus 01:12, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
Indeed, a company recently announced a game where the player plays Oswald and has to perfectly reproduce the fatal shots [11]. I don't know what came of it, but its website could be read to now say that it was a joke announcement. It certainly garnered a huge, and entirely unfavourable, response. -- Finlay McWalter | Talk 17:47, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
You're kidding, right? There's no way in the world any commercial distributor would fund or sell a game like that in the Western world. In fact, *any* game where the human player plays a terrorist is likely to get you into trouble. Think up something a little less politically contentious (set your game in the future or the more distant past, for a start). --Robert Merkel 22:59, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

Unlike StuRat, I don't see any good legal basis on which you could be sued, unless there's a specific statute that's been passed regarding 9/11. If you do make the game, though, you should certainly talk to a lawyer about it. Regardless of the legalities, I doubt it would sell very well. It's a sensitive topic. (But to answer your question: No, I'm not disgusted. "At ev'ry Trifle scorn to take Offense, / That always shows Great Pride, or Little Sense") --George 23:47, 5 January 2006 (UTC)
Even if they lose, having to defend yourself against multiple lawsuits could still be rather unpleasant and expensive. As far as extralegal methods, you might find your company, or any company associated with the sale of such a game, is the target of a boycott. You might also be threatened physically by angry family members of victims. If you want to make a 9-11 video game, make it based on stopping the terrorists. You could be an air marshall on one of the planes, for example. This would still upset many people, but not to the extent of taking the side of the terrorists would. If you set it in the future, and maybe call it Air Marshall, then you might have a good seller that doesn't anger people so much. StuRat 03:19, 6 January 2006 (UTC)

You could reverse the concept and be a fireman or a cop or a civillian and save people. -Del

You will probably face lawsuits and media blacklisting. (If anyone notices.) But the idea in itself is probably protected under free speech rights. In the end, it probably depends on how you treat the case. Will you be sensitive? Will you glorify or trivialise the attacks? What choices will the player have? What rewards? There have been plenty of fictional works focusing on crimes from the viewpoint of the perpetrators. e.g. [12], [13], so there is nothing intrinsically wrong with it. --Fangz 00:25, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
Something else you may want to consider as well: The USA PATRIOT ACT could be used against you to investigate your personal/profesional history, along the money trail that such a game may or may not bring in. If the United States Government deems the game to be terrorist supportive they may make a preemptive move to sieze the game before you have a chance to do anything with it. Additionally, the ESRB will rate your game according to several criteria, if you end up with a game rating of Mature (M) or Adult Only (AO) the number of stores that will consider carrying your product will nosedive faster than a speeding bullet. Those still interested in your game at that point would probably be required to show ID when they go to buy or rent it. Just throwing that out their. (And for the record, I am very distugusted with the concept). TomStar81 00:59, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

Also, the US Congress would likely ban pro-terrorist video games by passing laws. I doubt if the now quite conservative US Supreme Court would overturn such laws in the current climate. StuRat 01:40, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

And at the end of it all, you'll surely become famous. deeptrivia (talk) 06:07, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

All of the above responses seem to be about the US. In other countries 1) law suits aren't nearly as common as in the US (it seems half the world's lawyers live in the US) and 2) there isn't quite as strong a sentiment about the attacks and there are probably loads of people who would want to play such a game. After all there are loads of people who hate the US sufficiently for this. So you may be out of luck in the US, but the rest of the world is still quite a considerable market, to put it mildly :) . That's the power of information; distribution is so cheap the world is your oyster. Having said that, I like neither video games nor violence (nor oysters, for that matter :) ). That's violence of any kind, real, fake, terrorist or 'official' military. So I'll certainly not be a customer.

By the way, can the US supreme court overrule government laws? Isn't that in violation of the trias politica, supposedly one of the cornerstones of modern western societies? Then again, I recently realised that in the Netherlands executive power and legislative power overlap. What's next? DirkvdM 08:38, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

Yes, the supreme court can do that. For congress to get around that little road block they can add an ammendment to the US Constitution; since the Constitution is the supreme law of the United States it can not be overuled without an ammendment to that effect. A really good example of this is the 18th ammendment, which could only be overuled by adding the 21st ammendment. TomStar81

Acclaim Entertainment tried to sell their games using publicity stunts. They went bust. Gdr 16:20, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

It's a good thing the Supreme Court can do that, or Bush would do even more damage than he already does. (unless of course his appointees make the court a reflection of him). Your game doesn't disgust me, but I won't be a customer, I love video games (even violent ones, though I'm not a fan of actual violence) but that one doesn't sound like it's down my alley. Yeltensic42.618 ambition makes you look pretty ugly 21:52, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

So it's even worse, the Supreme Court can even amend the constitution! I suppose this makes sense where there is just one person in power. But not from a perspective of the Netherlands, where a parliament off 225 people have to agree to a change in the constitution over two consecutive terms of government. DirkvdM 08:25, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
An amendment requires the approval of two-thirds of each house in Congress and three-quarters of state legislatures (I think those are the right numbers). The Supreme Court doesn't decide that, they can only declare laws unconstitutional according to how the Constitution already is. Yeltensic42.618 ambition makes you look pretty ugly 00:00, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
Exactly. The supreme court is bound by the US constitution, they can not overule the constitution because they are sworn to defend it. This goes back to the checks and balances: Congressional laws can be overturned by the US Supreme Court; however Congress’ check against the supreme court is the ability to ammend th US Constitution to reflect the laws they wish the United States to uphold. The supreme court is powerless to stop such a process, and when a law becomes an ammendment the supreme court must uphold that ammendment. TomStar81 01:15, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
Several years ago I played Operation Olympic (game) which was the secret code name for the Allies plan to invade Japan at the end of WW II, when development of Nuclear weapons was even more so a top secret. If you played the game, and the result was that 1 million GI's got killed, then the result was considered consistent with historical expectations. If less than 1 million GI's got killed, then the American side had won, because the American player had done a better job than the historical plan expected. If more than 1 million GI's got killed, then the Japanese side had won. It was a foregone conclusion that Japan would be defeated. The point of the game was to maximize or minimuze Allied casualties.
Now such a game is playable and marketable, when the pain of memories of the time has sufficiently faded from the consiousness of the people who lived through the reality, and that of their descendents. I dare say a game about the Holocaust would not yet fly, because that pain was so great that it will be felt for many generations to come. Games about what went on in the Korean War might fly, but I think the Vietnam War was too recent. You have to weigh how great the pain and upheaval of an event was in history, and how long ago, before it is grist for some game design. I think with 9/11 we need to wait 200 years before it is a safe topic for a game.
User:AlMac|(talk) 01:30, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
There've been many Vietnam games already, some of which were published while the war was still going on. The problem with a 9/11 game isn't the recency, but that so many people would consider it to be in very bad taste. The First Amendment doesn't protect against economic censorship. As others have noted, you couldn't find investors, distributors, etc. You might move a few copies as shareware to the kind of people who, immediately after 9/11, participated in betting pools about what the final casualty total would be. If you're moved to do a game about a surprise attack, though, try something like Washington's crossing of the Delaware. If you want the subject to be an attack on civilians, consider Wounded Knee Massacre. As for the Holocaust, again I don't think it's the recency, but rather the idea of having a player in the role of committing genocide. You could certainly do a game in which the player leads a team of commandos trying to liberate the inmates of a concentration camp. JamesMLane 03:14, 10 January 2006 (UTC)

I would like to see you make this game just to see what would happen. Bethefawn 02:50, 10 January 2006 (UTC)

Georgia history[edit]

Which region of Georgia had the fastest population growth rate after WWII?

Which Georgia? The US state or the former Soviet republic (it could even be the town of Georgia, Vermont)? — Lomn | Talk / RfC 22:52, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

Most efficient gear?[edit]

I have only had my driver's license for three-four months now, and only had my own car for about two. When driving uphill at approx. 60 km/h (~40 mph) which gear is the most efficient (as in fuel consumption) and which induces the least wear on the engine of 3rd and 4th, where the engine's RPM is at about 2500 and 1500 respectively?

The reason I'm wondering is that I want to be an efficient driver, using the least amounts of fuel possible when driving, but I don't know which uses more fuel. You would immediately think that having a lower RPM would use less fuel, as the engine has to do fewer rounds, where each round uses fuel, but on the other hand, when the RPM is higher, the engine doesn't have to put in as much fuel per round to keep the car moving, and my car has electronic fuel injection, so when it has no resistance (as when taking the foot off the throttle during downhill travel) it uses very little fuel at all. It's also interesting to know which causes the most wear on the engine, as, although it's not too important, avoiding unnecessary wear is also a good thing.

DarkPhoenix 23:51, 5 January 2006 (UTC)

In practice, in a normal car, you'd either be in third or fourth - third for a steeper hill, fourth for a gentle one. You really shouldn't worry one iota about engine wear, as it is highly unlikely you will ever wear out an engine - really the only dramatic thing that ever happens to most car's engines during a normal lifespan is the timing belt snapping, and only a preventative replacement will make any difference to that. Basing gear selection on efficiency or engine-wear is a bad idea - use the safest gear which gives you the control you need for those circumstances. If you want to be efficient, accelerate moderately, don't drive too fast, and keep your car well maintained and the suspension and tires in good condition. -- Finlay McWalter | Talk 00:14, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
OK, so I know about the accelerate moderately, drive at sensible speeds and keeping my car maintained is the best way. However, disregard that for a second, and just answer the first part of the question with no regard to my reasoning in the second paragraph. I'm not even sure why I added that, as it really doesn't help any. DarkPhoenix 00:38, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
If you want to stay cool by driving with windows open, that air drag contributes to more fuel consumption. Are you better off using the car's air conditioner? Well if your # 1 priority is lowest fuel consumption, then drive with air conditioner off, and windows closed. Me, I drive with windows open in stop and go driving, and airconditioner on when I drive the limited access highways, because my personal comfort is more important to me than preserving fuel consumption.
You also need to keep the vehicle in good running condition. The owner's mannual may suggest an oil change every 7 or 8 thousand miles. But if you do this every 2 or 3 thousand miles, it is a lot better for the long life of the engine. Check into tips like that. What can you do to care for the car that will also translate into long life and low maintenance costs. My personal car has 300,000 miles on it and is 25 years old, and still running fine, because I take good care of it, better than what the owner's manual calls for. My previous personal car went past the ceiling on the odometer (back to zero) several times ... I lost count how many times. User:AlMac|(talk) 01:38, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
In general, running at lower rpms will have lower fuel consumption. -User:Lommer | talk 05:14, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

January 6[edit]

Weight Loss and Breast Size[edit]

My girlfriend recently started a diet and I was wondering: will her breasts get smaller as she loses weight?

Yes, losing weight is likely to reduce breast size. StuRat 03:14, 6 January 2006 (UTC)

Homepage Traffic[edit]

My homepage is already listed on major search engines, but how can i get more people to visit it?

Offer pornography. On a more serious note, you could ask your friends who have web sites to place a link to your page on their pages. Then "repay" them by placing a link for their site on yours. Or if this is a business you could go to message boards for people with an interest in what you are selling and let them know about your site. Or if you have the money for it, advertising. Dismas|(talk) 03:02, 6 January 2006 (UTC)

I was hoping to get a more seriious answer than pornography.

And I gave you one. Ah, yet another person my humor is lost on... Dismas|(talk) 09:31, 9 January 2006 (UTC)

I get more people to visit my Wikipedia userpage by putting a link to it on my profile and in my signature on the IMDB and GameFAQs message boards, and on IMDB I add,"Click here for free porn." (btw there isn't any) So you could do something similar, maybe that will help (you can leave out the porn bit if you want). Yeltensic42.618 ambition makes you look pretty ugly 14:33, 6 January 2006 (UTC)

If you are offering a genuine service of some sort you may consider placing a link to it from Wikipedia pages dealing with the subject; however, external links are checked often here, and those found to be of little or no use are deleted. TomStar81 01:04, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
Are you just interrested in more traffic? Don't you just want the people who might be interrested to drop by? Just go to internet discussions about the subject of your site and 'drop your name' (ie URL). Unless it's a commercial site, that is. DirkvdM 08:43, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

Anyone know any good exercises for a twelve yoear old girl to strengthen knee muscles? And make thighs larger?[edit]

Hi my daughter is twelve and she has a weak knee problem. And her thighs need to be harder and more in shape. Anyone have any exercise suggestians? She is 5 foot 3. Thanks!

If you've consulted a doctor who diagnosed this problem then the best person to ask would be the doctor. Dismas|(talk) 03:09, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
Deep knee bends come to mind. She can start with one a day and work her way up from there. StuRat 03:09, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
Depending on how weak her legs are, I suggest swimming, starting with floatation assistance, so if she not doing anything, in the water, she not sinkng. I think swimming is a great form of exercise, that not put great strain on us, learn different kinds of swimming that put different stresses on various limbs. Over time, on a regular schedule of using a swimming pool, try to do more laps than on prior visits. User:AlMac|(talk) 06:53, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
Of course, if there's a particular medical issue, see a doctor first. That said, the quickest way to fix the problem would be fairly heavy weightlifting using motions like squats and leg presses. try this url: to find a good exercise for the muscles she wants to target, and just make sure the exercise is done properly to prevent injury. I realize a 12 year old girl is not the demographic you traditionally think of powerlifting, but that's the best way to get results. I had weak hip muscles for years and it affected my balance pretty severely, 3 weeks of squats and deadlifts fixed the problem. Pick exercises that make use of dumbbells rather than big barbells, she won't need much weight anyway and dumbbells are easier to manage. --Osbojos 15:54, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
I thought weight training was bad for children.. is that an urban myth? Rhobite 16:25, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
Yes, supposedely it stunts children's growth, but this has no basis in fact. --Osbojos 00:08, 14 January 2006 (UTC)

Need boobs larger![edit]

This sounds stupid but i want to make by boobs larger and stuff. I am 12 to 13 years old. Is there any method or food or thing that will make my boobs larger. Without getting implants please. Excersise, food? maybe? Yah so help me please. Oh yeah and no crap like wait till they mature!

Well, waiting is the obvious answer. Stuffing your bra works, too. If you can afford them, there are decent push-up bras like the Wonder Bra and falsies that can look very convincing. As far as food goes, breasts are mostly fat, so putting on a lot of weight will increase your breast size, but also your butt, thighs, etc. StuRat 03:06, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
More than this, some help with the right clothes, hairstyle, and cosmetics can completely transform how you look, to a degree that will amaze you and freak out your parents. And you'll discover, when you get older, that the body shapes that boys find attractive vary greatly from boy to boy. Some famous women nearly starve themselves to achieve the "waif look" - that is, be thin with small breasts! It illustrates, however, that women never seem to be happy with the bodies they have. Eat healthily, exercise, and take care of yourself, and your body will thank you now and into the future. --Robert Merkel 03:40, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
Weightlessness causes the body's fluid to redistribute itself and makes breasts fuller and perkier (hmm, maybe the article should mention this). So, study your math and science so you can become an astronaut. —Keenan Pepper 03:46, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
That reminds me of an episode of the Daily Show with a bit about plans for a Girls Gone Wild video made in orbit (the owner said,"We're going to see tits in space!" and the Daily Show correspondent said in a voiceover,"One small step for man, one giant leap backward for mankind.") Yeltensic42.618 ambition makes you look pretty ugly 14:43, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
But anyway that isn't stupid, but Robert Merkel is right, a lot of guys like small boobs, or don't care about the size. Yeltensic42.618 ambition makes you look pretty ugly 14:43, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
So do a lot of girls. Bethefawn 03:01, 10 January 2006 (UTC)

There are also different kinds of shirt/dress styles that can accentuate the positive. Try things with the waistband right below your breasts, or low v-necks. -Del

If you can learn to walk on high heels, it causes your behind to sway in a way that excites males. User:AlMac|(talk) 06:56, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
But not selectively. Which is to say, the ones it excites may not be the ones you want to excite. -- Jmabel | Talk 09:10, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
Huh I've never really noticed that they do that. I wonder how much difference it really makes? Yeltensic42.618 don't panic 17:18, 9 January 2006 (UTC)

APO addresses[edit]

Who is elegible for APO addresses?

See Military mail. Dismas|(talk) 13:57, 6 January 2006 (UTC)

Address of Sago Baptist Church[edit]

I'm trying to find the address of Sago Baptist Church (the one near the mining disaster) but I'm having no luck online. Can anyone help out? Thanks. Rampart 04:05, 6 January 2006 (UTC)

Which group deposited fake CDs on store shelves?[edit]

What is the program where people were purposely bringing fake CDs into music stores and leaving them on the shelves with a note? I ran into this about 2 or 3 years ago, it was a political protest of some type. People were making their own CDs, perhaps live recordings, and then dropping them on the shelves of stores so people would pick them up by mistake. They figured the clerk would see it had no tag and give it away. Was it copies of DeCSS or something similar? Were they just trying to promote a specific free music recording? Anyone remember? I really didn't know how/where to ask this question so I'm asking here. Thanks in advance. J. Straub 04:10, 6 January 2006 (UTC)

  • I don't know what group was behind the specific incident, but in general this is a tactic of culture jamming; planting free stuff in a place of commerce is supposed to be a subversion of consumerism.--Pharos 04:53, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

Reverse Phone Look Up[edit]

How Do I Do A Reverse Phone Look Up?

Google seems to be able to find at least listed phone numbers (just enter the number). -- Rick Block (talk) 05:53, 6 January 2006 (UTC) can also do that, although they have a few pop up ads to get past if you don't have a blocker. Dismas|(talk) 13:52, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
You didn't specify what country you are in. In Hungary for example, you can do it online from a webpage [14], by phone calling 198, and probably also with the CD phonebook. – b_jonas 16:36, 8 January 2006 (UTC)


hi thanks for help but how could i find any soccer club in western samoan and american samoa??

  • For the Independent State of Samoa (no longer commonly known as Western Samoa), see the Soccer Samoa web site for contact information. The American Samoa Football Association doesn't have a web site, but they can be contacted by e-mail; the address can be found on their page on the FIFA web site. --Metropolitan90 02:31, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

Transmission gears revisited - Variomatic / CVT[edit]

The question above about the most efficient gear made me think about the variomatic. Being Dutch, I first learned about the variomatic. Only later I learned about other automatic gears and in comparison I thought the idea was really silly; to have a sort of handgear that shifts automatically. Isn't a variomatic much more logical and efficient? You're always in precisely the right gear. So why did it disappear? Apparently they were banned from formula 1 racing because they gave an 'unfair advantage'. What the fuck? And in the backward racing contests that were held in the Netherlands a while back they were in their own class because the gears work in reverse as well (another 'unfair advantage'). I now read in the article that a new version is continuously variable transmission but that is in use in just a handful of cars (given the total amount of different car brands and makes). Why don't all cars have this? The only real disadvantage that is mentioned in the article is that it can only be used in lighter cars. But it's also used in Rovers and Volvo's, not really light cars. The other, perceived, disadvantage is actually an advantage (smoother operation). So isn't this a much more efficient transmission? And how does it perform when going up hill (considering the torque problem)? DirkvdM 09:41, 6 January 2006 (UTC)

  1. Yes
  2. There're a fair few examples of better technology losing out to another product that just appeared more appealing to the publi perception, Betamax being the classic example. In this case, it's for the same reason that the figures on speedometers go beyond what the car is capable of performing - people want to feel like they have a powerful car. The old variomatic system didnt provide the jerks people associated with more powerful cars.
  3. They were likely banned for the same reason most automatic systems were banned in formula one. People want to watch humans racing, not computers, and the FIA complied.
  4. Car manufacturers are wary of stepping out of line to change industry standards to a system most people haven't heard of and a large number wouldn't care for, for fear of profit-loss (aside from Japanese manufacturers, most companies don't turn out large profits).
  5. Yes, it is.
  6. The system performs fairly well on gentler slopes, but it does struggle with the larger gradients. The drive-belt also wears out a lot faster.

Hope that helps GeeJo (t) (c) 13:32, 6 January 2006 (UTC)

Now I wish I had numbered my questions :) . But if it's a more efficient gear then won't it save fuel and wouldn't that be a strong sales argument? Maybe not so much in the US, but in Europe fuel costs 3 to 4 times as much (don't know about elsewhere). Then again, in Europe handgears are much more popular than automatic gears, probably for the same reason as answer 2. I suppose the market tools (ie taxes) don't work here because of the status symbolism of cars. Maybe tougher laws would be in order. But then many wouldn't vote for a party that promotes that. Market doesn't work, democracy doesn't work. Is there a third option? DirkvdM 08:55, 7 January 2006 (UTC)


what are the streghts, weaknesses and oppurtunities in seniority?

You need to provide some sort of context. Seniority can mean being older or superior in station. for the former, see Ageing. For the latter, Seniority. GeeJo (t) (c) 13:16, 6 January 2006 (UTC)

Modern chariot racing[edit]

Isn't there a modern sport where jockeys drive horses from tiny chariot-like vehicles behind the animals? I can't for the life of me think of the name of the sport. Thanks! — BrianSmithson 14:51, 6 January 2006 (UTC)

Is Harness racing perhaps what you're thinking of? --BluePlatypus 15:43, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
That's the one; thanks. — BrianSmithson 16:18, 6 January 2006 (UTC)

Production of Coke Cans[edit]

How are coke cans produced? T

'Tis explained in the article Aluminium can. --Canley 17:49, 6 January 2006 (UTC)

word trouble[edit]

What's the word for when you want to honor a god but you don't practice their religion? Or when you do practice their religion? Like a goddess at a spring? -Del

Tribute? Of course, if the people around who do practice the religion know that you don't the word may be 'mockery' or 'blasphemy'.Brian Schlosser42 18:00, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
But like, if you respect other's religions and you want to show honor by offering something, and you do it the same as the people who do... Thank you for 'tribute'. DuctapeDaredevil 18:20, 6 January 2006 (UTC)(Just realized that the block on logins is off...)
I think Deitism is the honor of a God without formal religious practice. And when you do...well, you answered your own question there. --JB Adder | Talk 23:19, 10 January 2006 (UTC)

Decimal clock[edit]

Decimal system rocks

Where can I buy a clock with a decimal clockface, like the one on the right? Ebay doesn't have it. deeptrivia (talk) 17:27, 6 January 2006 (UTC)

It shouldn't be too hard to make. The mechanism is the same, right? Just get a 12-hour clock and paint the decimal markings on the face.Keenan Pepper 17:59, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
It can't be the same mechanism, can it? The decimal clock had 10 hours with 100 minutes per hour and 100 seconds per minute, right? So the hour hand made 1 revolution per day, the minute hand makes 10, and the second hand makes 1000 as opposed to a 12 hour clock where the hour hand makes 2 revolutions, the minute hand 24, and the second hand makes 1440. That would require a whole different set of gears, wouldn't it? Brian Schlosser42 18:13, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
Right... Don't know what I was thinking. =P —Keenan Pepper 18:15, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
I've seen decimal clocks that use just one hand. -Tim Rhymeless (Er...let's shimmy) 01:53, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
Which is probably simply Keenan's method. DirkvdM 08:58, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
Except it has to run at half the speed. (1 revolution = 1 day.) deeptrivia (talk) 01:20, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
Right, so what I said really made no sense at all. Brain fart. —Keenan Pepper 03:28, 8 January 2006 (UTC)

Here and there are two, but they're already sold :-) Or maybe you were looking for something like [ this]? Or you could build one yourself... Finally, here's the one from Metropolis. Lupo 20:58, 8 January 2006 (UTC)

Wow..the cafepress one is cool..i also have coupons to use! Thanks!! deeptrivia (talk) 22:50, 8 January 2006 (UTC)

Why are Left-wingers pro-Palestine and Right-wingers pro-Israel?[edit]

Thank you,

--anon 17:34, 6 January 2006 (UTC).

I think that that's kind of a broad generalization. Speaking as a left-wing American Democrat, I support both the state of Isreal and a potential Palestinian state. Brian Schlosser42 18:05, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
That is also a broad generalization, since most people in the pro-Palestinian camp also recognize Israel. --BluePlatypus 19:10, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
Because Israel is strong and Palestine is weak. Left-wingers support the underdog, right-wingers support the top-dog. Back in the 60s and 70s, when it was Israel v. the Arab states rather than Israel v. Palestinians, left-wing support for Israel (being the underdog) was much stronger. Mark1 19:26, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
There's also some cold war history - Israel was an ally in the cold war, while there were socialist groups on the Palestinian side, and remains a military ally of the US. Also there's the religion-politics issue - some Christian groups believe that the rebuilding of the temple and reestablisment of the state of Israel are requirements for the Rapture, so supporting Israel may hasten the endtimes. These groups also tend to support right-wing politicians. Guettarda 19:33, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
Left-wingers tend to be idealists, thinking all people should be treated equally, including terrorists. They view them as poor, confused vicitms of society, who are not to blame for their actions. Right-wingers, on the other hand, see them as evil bastards who all should be killed. Hence left-wingers tend to support whichever side is using terrorists and right-wingers support the other side. StuRat 19:36, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
StuRat, are you trying to start a flamewar? Anyway, I'm one leftwinger who sympathizes with neither side. It's nice that Israel is a democracy, but it should be treated as an embarrassment to American Jews the way it is now. They're all elbows, and while I don't want Israel to be wiped out I don't think the US should be as gung-ho to support them as they are. If anything the Palestinians living on Israeli soil should be offered full Israeli citizenship. I don't support the Palestinians either though -- I don't support terrorism. Haikupoet 19:57, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
I think Isreal is doing the best they can with building a wall and unilaterally withdrawing from Gaza. They can't negotiate with the Palestinians, since any Palestinian who negotiates is seen as "week". A sizable portion of Palestinians want all Isrealis dead, and you can't negotiate with that, anyway. StuRat 20:30, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
More oversimplified (and flamebait) nonsense. What about the Israeli terrorists such as Irgun and Lehi? Viewing one side as "terrorists" is not an informed and balanced viewpoint of the conflict. Besides which, it isn't a left-vs-right issue anyway: It's the American right-wing which is strongly pro-Israel. The right-wing parties in the rest of the democratic world are not much bigger supporters of Israel than the left-wing ones. Nor was right-or-left wing US policy pro-Israel the way it is today until the last 30 years. (post 6-day war.) --BluePlatypus 22:25, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
When one side has overwhelmingly more terrorists than the other, including state support for suicide bombers, the right-wingers take the side with the fewer terrorists, while the left-wingers point to one or two counterexamples and say the two are "morally equivalent". Using such logic, the US may be judged to be morally equivalent to al Queada, since the US has had some domestic terrorists, such as in the Oklahoma City bombing. StuRat 01:07, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
One or two counterexamples? Let's talk totals. Since Sept 2000, 123 Israeli and 704 Palestinian children have ben killed. There are overwhelmingly more Palestinian civilian casualties (not only among children). I don't believe in eye-for-an-eye mentality. Both sides share in the blame. But the fact that you apparently aren't prepared to accept that Israel has at least equal blame here either means that you are uninformed or devoid of basic compassion. Or are you really prepared to make the argument that Israeli children are "more innocent" than Palestinian ones? --BluePlatypus 01:39, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
The Palestinian children are more stupid perhaps, as when they throw stones at tanks, intermixed with armed gunmen firing at the tanks, instead of taking cover. Confronting armed troops instead of doing what they say results in most of those casualties, not suicide bombers against Palestinians. And yes, I think somebody throwing a stone is more guilty of inciting violence than somebody eating pizza at a restaurant. StuRat 01:44, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
An interesting article: [15] --Fangz 00:12, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
This is indeed an interesting question. As other comments have pointed out, it is not as simple as left vs. right. In the U.S., few people in the political mainstream are anti-Israel to the extent that many people in Europe are. But even within countries, there is a clear right-left division on the Israel issue. In America, publications like The Progressive and The Nation are pro-Palestinian, while much of the Christian Right is more Zionist than the Israelis themselves. In Norway, the conservative Progress Party is pro-Israel, while the Socialist Left is anti-Israel. You can see the same trends in Canada (Stockwell Day vs. Svend Robinson) or Britain (David Cameron vs. George Galloway).
I think Mark1 puts it pretty well. The Palestinians have successfully marketed themselves as the underdog. In the 1940s, when the fighting was seen as the Jews against the Arabs and the British Empire, the Left was very much in favor of Zionism. The recasting of the fight as Israelis vs. Palestinians switches David and Goliath. Now to some people, it's big, bad Israel against a poor, oppressed group. Of course, in actuality, the actors are still the same; only the names have changed.
StuRat also has a point about the way leftists see the world. There's a conservative taunt that when a liberal sees a mugging victim lying on the ground bleeding, the liberal says, "Whoever did this must need help!" There's a tendency among the Left to believe that if someone is resorting to crime or terror, he must be a victim of persecution. Thus, when a leftist sees an act of terrorism, he or she is likely to seek the so-called root causes and sympathize with the terrorists' people, if not the act of terrorism itself.
A corollary to this is the tendency of the Western Left to always side against the West in any skirmish between it and other peoples. Leftists cannot go back in time and stop their own country's offenses against the indigenous peoples of the world (African slavery, Indian wars, etc.), so they take out their frustration on American foreign policy and on Israel. The latter country can be perceived as an old-fashioned European colony carved out of land that should belong to a non-European people. Of course, the situation is far more complicated than that -- most Israeli Jews trace at least part of their immediate ancestry to the Muslim world, not to Europe, and they were more likely to come to Israel as refugees than as colonizers. But the Left doesn't have a real European colony (like the Belgian Congo) in existence nowadays to kick around instead.
The colonialism issue, real or imagined, is probably why leftists will focus on the human rights record of Israel rather than on the far worse records of countries like China, Russia, Burma and just about all of the Arab world.
I don't want to launch a flame war here, but I have to say that the Left's antipathy toward Israel does make for some strange bedfellows. I mean, Israel might not be the world's most progressive country on issues like women's rights or gay rights. But if I were someone like Svend Robinson -- an irreligious, gay social liberal -- I would think I'd feel much more at home in Tel-Aviv than in Ramallah. -- 03:32, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
Another point to consider that "pro-Israel" and "pro-Palestinian" are like "anti-American" as highly misleading terms. Just because one might oppose the actions of the present Israeli government doesn't make you "anti-Israel" any more than disliking the current US President makes you anti-American. Calling somebody "anti country X" is a useful debating tactic but hardly realistic when often there are large minorities in the country concerned who feel the same way. --Robert Merkel 06:32, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
I would think you can often distinquish between the two cases, such as protesters yelling "Down with Bush !" versus "Death to America !". StuRat 07:37, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
Also, anti-Israel doesn't necessarily mean pro-Palestine.
As someone who on average leans towards the left (though I'm certainly not leftwing out of principle), let me give my view, which, according to above reasoning, is more right-wing. At first, Israel was a bad thing because it robbed Palestinians of their land. Now, however, most Israelis are born in Israel and have as much right to live there as the Palestinians had (notice the past tense). The solution used to be simple, now I don't see one anymore and side with anyone who doesn't use violence (ie neither) or is the victim (ie both).

Also, note that, apart from the title, Mark1 and me, no-one speaks of Palestine, but in stead of Palestinians. Which can be seen a political statement in itself. DirkvdM 09:25, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

Actually, come to think of it, when I was clearly anti-Israel I was pretty right-wing (I voted VVD then). I now blame that on teenage ignorance. :) But I've always remained a liberal in both the leftwing and rightwing sense of the word. DirkvdM 11:34, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

The Right is usually concerned with dealing with direct symptoms of social problems. When the worker complains of labour conditions, you fire him. When oil starts to run out, you put up prices, or make deals with dodgy people. When crime puts your country above others, you build more jails. When the continuing conflict claims more casualties, you escalate it.
The Left is opposed to Israel's policies in the conflict, not to Israel itself. It's opposed, because the left percieves the actions has a continuous disregard of the lessons of history and which cannot create a stable and long term situation in the area. The left believes that it is possible to understand actions without justifying it. And the left believes that this can be done as well as fighting the symptoms, not 'instead' as some people think. The left does not believe that a conflict can be divided into two obvious sides, and that you need to support one, or the other.
And the left are the only people tackling and campaigning against human rights abuses in anywhere near a fair way. Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch etc are all leftist organisations. Who's actually doing the deals with China these days? Are they the leftists?--Fangz 15:01, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
The only policy Israel could have which might stop suicide bombers would be if they all left Israel and gave the country to the Palestinians. I don't think they see that as much of an option. StuRat 16:51, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
Also, left wingers are typically more optimistic about humanity, and the eventual triumph of reason etc.--Fangz 19:38, 8 January 2006 (UTC) +

I agree with what DirkvdM said up there about Israel and the Palestinians. Also, I think what's incredibly stupid and dangerous about both sides is using religion to justify that they should live there, especially when the land they're fighting over has no other real purpose. It would make a lot more sense for one side to just have their state somewhere else in the Middle East, it's not as if Israel is the only country there. Yeltensic42.618 ambition makes you look pretty ugly 22:38, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

Religion is rarely the real reason for wars. It's a war between peoples whose can most easily be distinguished through religion. And religion is also a way to get people to do weird stuff (with the promise of a reward in the afterlife). Likewise, in Ireland it is/was not about catholics and protestants but about Irish and English. And I believe even the crusades were not about religion but about encroaching eastern culture. DirkvdM 08:34, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
An interesting presentation about what exactly "kills" Palestinian children: [16] deeptrivia (talk) 09:08, 8 January 2006 (UTC)

Pressure treated wood.[edit]

I plan to make several picnic tables using Pressure Treated Wood. Are there any special precautions I need to take in painting this wood? Thanks, WSC

Pressure treated wood contains low levels of toxic materials, including arsenic. In general, that shouldn't be a problem, but if you're planning on making tables that people will be eating off of, the arsenic could leach into the food and the utensils. User:Zoe|(talk) 21:46, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
Take a look at this article and be sure that you don't use CCA treated lumber for your table. --hydnjo talk 02:12, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
No pressure-treated wood is toxic these days. However, I would always seal the wood to prevent splinters. A very bad thing for picnic tables. --Zeizmic 15:11, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
Pressure-treated wood is wet. It needs to dry and/or be sealed before paining. See [17]. Also note that you need to use stainless steel or zinc coated nails, bolts and screws when building with pressure treated wood to prevent oxidation reactions (chemical rusting). Rmhermen 17:43, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
"Love is a many-splendored thing...or, in the case of Pinocchio, a many-splintered thing." StuRat 16:44, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

Aerial Dumping[edit]

Do or have airplanes ever dumped wastes directly from the lavatory? There most be holding tanks, but do they ever dump them while in-flight?

Yes, but not intentionally. I don't think they have a remote control opening device which would allow them to do so, even if they wanted to. However, the drain which is normally used to empty the tanks when on the ground sometimes leaks, and at least one person found a "blue ice" meteor smashed thru their roof. The "blue ice" is the frozen disinfectant fluid used on airplanes.StuRat 19:26, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
Blue ice was once the cause of death in a episode of one of the CSI series. _ Mgm|(talk) 11:36, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
So the sucking noise is not the poo being sucked out of the airplane and that hole some planes have in the rear isn't a poophole? One is never to young to learn :) . DirkvdM 09:32, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
My favourite was the old British trains, and the sign "Do not flush while at a station". When you flushed you were staring at the tracks! --Zeizmic 13:38, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
That's pretty gross, alright, but at least it wasn't falling on anybody's head (except maybe a worm between the tracks). I sure would hate to have to do track maintenance on those tracks, though. StuRat 16:42, 7 January 2006 (UTC) +
Scottish comedian Billy Connolly has a famous joke wherein he postulates the "jobbie wheecher", a catapult-like device which is used for ejecting toilet material from aircraft. Futher, he warns of the danger of hapless passengers becoming entangled with this device and themselves being "wheeched" out of the plane. -- Finlay McWalter | Talk 16:47, 7 January 2006 (UTC)


question from school. what do the letters S.A.F. stand for?

Try our article SAF; there are many possibilities. Unfortunately, none has much at all to do with sport. BrianSmithson 21:33, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
Here's a wild guess: Standard Athletic Field or maybe Sports/Athletic Field. StuRat 22:12, 6 January 2006 (UTC)
South Asian Federation (SAF) Games? DirkvdM 09:35, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
While I'm much too lazy to find the answer for you, I can offer [18] - they have yet to fail me in my time of need. Cernen 06:38, 9 January 2006 (UTC)

Can phone numbers be sold?[edit]

I have heard of cases where companies have bought a phone number from a private party because they wanted the number. Their company's name could be spelled out with the numbers or some such thing. This was in the U.S. I don't know about the legality or possibility of it in other countries. Dismas|(talk) 20:40, 6 January 2006 (UTC)

In Japan it's possible, and in fact is very common among the ex-pat population. Just ask NTT. Givnan 08:28, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

dodge neon 1998[edit]

What is the size of the mounting nut for the driver side spindle on a 1998 dodge neon?

You might be better off asking this question in one of the internet forums specifically dedicated to the Neon. Do a google search for "dodge neon forum" and you'll find plenty of places where Neon enthusiasts discuss their car. Alternatively, you could purchase a service manual like this one and give it a try. --Robert Merkel 06:22, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

What is the phone number[edit]

{formatting of this question needs fixing & User:AlMac|(talk) trying to do so)

- + - what is the phone number of the jagex guy andrew gower?-- 22:21, 6 January 2006 (UTC)nebyou + - *It's quite uncommon to be able to contact the biggest boss of a company by phone directly. However, Jagex's official site does list multiple email address you can use to contact them, depending on the issue. - Mgm|(talk) 11:58, 8 January 2006 (UTC) + - +

January 7[edit]

{formatting of this question needs fixing & User:AlMac|(talk) trying to do so)

- +

What are some of the stranger looking animals?[edit]

Things like aarvarks, tanuki, owls, etc... Could anyone inform me of strange-looking animals, particularly mammals?

Platypus and kangaroo - Akamad 00:55, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
Star-nosed Mole Flea110 01:00, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
Hey! Platypuses look completely normal. From the platypus-perspective of course. It's the rest who look funny. --BluePlatypus 01:59, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
Yes, there was a Star Trek: The Next Generation episode where the aliens referred to humans as "ugly bags of mostly water". StuRat 02:29, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
Naked Mole Rat - 02:49, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
Puffer fish, sloth, Anglerfish, Frill-necked Lizard, Kiwi. And then there's a fish named somehing like caelocanthus (what is that again?). And a little night creature with huge eyes and a long thin finger. And that mouse with an ear on its back. And ehm, these two? And of course giraffes look pretty funny, but we're too used to them. DirkvdM 09:57, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
Coelacanth. And it isn't that weird. DuctapeDaredevil 01:32, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
The Elephant Nose fish is a strange looking fish (Gnathonemus Petersi) Dematthew 12:05, 7 January 2006
Some of these mammals are rather odd looking. --George 02:43, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
The ocean, especially deep down, is full of strange looking creatures (like this, this, or these), not to forget these or these. As for strange looking mammals, other than the ones already mentioned, these are pretty strange looking, as are these, these (or these), these, (these are more cute than strange), and let's not forget these. What about these or these? Other strange non-mammals include these, these, and of course, this. And that's not even the tip of the iceberg; there are the invertebrates, which in my opinion are much stranger in many was than mammals. I mean, how about this, this/this, or this? Or this? What about this or this? And there are hundreds more of unusual and beautiful creatures like these. The motto is, we are blessed to live on an earth so diverse, mysterious, and often majestic. СПУТНИКССС Р 03:41, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
DirkvdM is on the right path, any animal can look odd or not. Barring human intervention, animals tend to adapt to their environment, so really they only look odd because you are seeing them out of place. To a certain extent it can be said that humans are odd looking based on the body modifications and clothing that we choose. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 07:07, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
here's one vote for the okapi, a relative of the giraffe and a mammal I have a fondness for. They seem like such peaceful, singular animals. Mitchell k dwyer 08:06, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
Silly me, I forgot about my own photographs. Especially that big bee (a few cm long!) and the next one, with the flag-legs that did sort of leg-stretch exercises, probably to attract members of the opposite sex.
And, along the lines of the giraffe, we're used to elephants, but an elephant's trunk is pretty weird isn't it? Suppose we knew of no elephants and someone would tell us about this animal that is huge and round with a nose that is 2 meters long, which the animal uses as a hand to bring food to it's mouth and suck up water to use as a shower and which they use when walking in line by holding the other's puny tail. Yeah right! You told us about the platypus and that was weird, but how can you expect anyone to believe this? DirkvdM 09:03, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
  • It all depends on your perception of odd. But I think manatees count... - Mgm|(talk) 12:00, 8 January 2006 (UTC)

Regarding storyline in snes game "Secret of Mana"[edit]

formatting of this question needs fixing & User:AlMac|(talk) trying to do so) I'm wondering if when you enter "gaias navel" the scene where the girl doesn't want to go in and ditches the guy there, does that have to happen? or is there a different path that you're supposed to go on? I made a bet with some one about this but I can't seem to find the necessary information on walkthroughs of the game and other such documents. Flea110 01:21, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

Does this answer your question? Gdr 16:05, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
I tried your link, but it appeared to be broken somehow. I actually managed to find out the answer on my own. It would seem that I need to try to do more research on my own before asking here (because I tend to find the answers on my own shortly after asking). Thanks for replying though. Flea110 04:54, 8 January 2006 (UTC)

Yes, it seems GameFAQs don't like people reading their FAQs without seeing the ads... Gdr 15:06, 8 January 2006 (UTC)


i am douing a panda report and i need help i need to find out.... what is the pandas physical appearance?

Giant Panda gives a good description and it even has a picture. --Ali K 04:13, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
Also, there are other pandas, like the red panda. StuRat 11:13, 9 January 2006 (UTC)

information about UEFA Cup[edit]

I am writing to ask that how many goals Maradona had made for Napoli in the Tournament of UEFA Cup of 1988-89, as the runner-up finally?

Cargo and Courier Services[edit]

Overall which is shipping service is best: UPS DHL Fedex (all services)

I really want to know the truth about this issue.

How do you define "best" ? Cheapest ? Most locations ? Highest on-time delivery rate ? Friendliest ? StuRat 11:28, 8 January 2006 (UTC)

unreported U.S. military deaths in Iraq[edit]

What are the total US military deaths in Iraq that includes not only killed in action but those who died after being evacuated? And also non-combatant deaths.

These two sources ( and give it as 2193 (with 2189 confirmed by DoD). I imagine this includes non-combatants and those killed after being evacuated because both of those sites appear to be anti-war, so I imagine they would want to make the numbers look as bad as possible. - Akamad 14:14, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

How much is that Bishy in the window?[edit]

CVG question, project members and Zelda fans encouraged to answer, people who think Zelda is a ripoff of Secret of Mana need not apply. (And you're wholly wrong, because Zelda came out BEFORE SoM. HA!)

Zelda = Sheik. This much I know. And, having read the section on "Alternate Egos of Princess Zelda," I have discovered (besides the fact that I have enough pictures of this sexy man/womanbeast to fill a sperm bank full of bishounen-style pictures of a fake male) that Sheik wears a form fitting blue suit of sorts.

K. Here's the question. What the hell is it called, and any speculation as to what material it might be? See, thing is, I wouldn't be nearly so curious if it weren't for the fact that Sheik is really quite the looker. Also, recently I bought a gamecube, and with it, SSB Melee, and discovered that all of the bishounen characters are anatomically correct. (Doubters, please perform Ganondorf's pose move, and as he turns to face the camera, examine his crotch. Thank you.)

So...yeah. What's the name for the kind of outfit Sheik is wearing, and what kind of material do you think it might be. Cernen 12:11, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

I reckon it's made of 100% genuine polygons. Gdr 16:02, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
Ha ha ha...this is a serious question, though. I'm writing a short story. This almost puzzles me as much as why, when tunics are generally something a woman wears, Link has three in various colors. (Feel free to answer that one if you want, too...) Cernen 10:03, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
In ancient times men wore tunics, togas, etc., too. Pants were a later invention, as they require individual tailoring, while tunics are one-size-fits-all.. StuRat 11:21, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
Ah. That's fallen out of use since then, I suppose? Cernen 06:34, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
What's fallen out of use ? Tunics for men ? Sure. Pants really are better, especially when one has curious dogs at ones feet or "jack frost nipping at your, um, nose". And since automated production methods have been adopted, they can be mass produced cheaply enough for everyone to afford them. StuRat 11:09, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
Another thing, related to Jack Frost, one geographical variation in ancient times was that tunics and togas were popular in southern Europe and pants were popular in northern Europe. Yeltensic42.618 don't panic 17:25, 9 January 2006 (UTC)

Easter in the UK[edit]

(section title added by Smurrayinchester)

how do british celebrate easter?

We celebrate Easter in a similar way to America, with Easter eggs (although generally not the Easter bunny). Some people go to church to celebrate, some don't. The only difference is that at the start of Lent, on Shrove Tuesday, us Brits tend to eat pancakes instead of normal food (see Pancake Day). smurrayinchester(User), (Talk) 14:08, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
And we have a four day holiday, usually a good time for house cleaning and painting. Easter Sunday is the only day of the year when most shops are legally required to be closed. -- Arwel (talk) 15:30, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
See also Simnel cake and Paschal Lamb (which sadly redirects to some theological thing rather than talking about a nice roast leg of lamb. adamsan 16:22, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

Post Office Promotional Materials[edit]

I saw a San Marino post office promtional package today at a friend's home. It contains a photograph of two postage stamps and a four-language brouchure for that set of stamps and a large official envelope. These promtional materials were sent to stamp collectors and dealers in the 1980s. How do I call these promtional packages? How do I find these things? Do post offices all over the world publish such materials today? -- Toytoy 13:17, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

Most do, these days - I get them from Iceland, Norway, Denmark, the Faeroes, and Liechtenstein, and used to get them from Ireland and the UK too. I just call them brochures or flyers. Basically you just have to open an account with the country's Philatelic Bureau, and these sort of things will flood through your mailbox. -- Arwel (talk) 15:27, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
Do they have a name? Do they have an article? Do they have a market? Do they have a catalog? Is there a site on the Internet that displays these flyers? -- Toytoy 23:05, 7 January 2006 (UTC)


I find the use of CE (common era) offensive as it is what it is...AD Why must you be "religiously neutral". Everyone for all these centuries has called it what it is. I will refer to it as 'common error" if I ever use your encyclopedia again. Thank you.

Does this really belong in the Reference Desk? Please see Wikipedia:Neutral point of view. Elle vécut heureusement toujours dorénavant (Be eudaimonic!) 14:06, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
Personally, I find that CE pisses me off. If you have a problem with thhe date system being based on the birth of a holy man, why not...i don't know...use a DIFFERENT one? It's the same thing with a different name! And it looks ugly! --Phroziac . o º O (???? chocolate!) 14:07, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
See Common Era for arguments both ways. Personally, I feel that if the entire world, not just the Christian world, is going to use a system, it might as well be secular, but it doesn't matter. After all, Jesus was most probably not born in year 1 AD/CE, but somewhere around 5-3 BC/BCE. Of course, if you really hate it, it can also mean "Christian Era". smurrayinchester(User), (Talk) 14:14, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
It's not secular if it's just a renamed religous system. I'm all for a secular system. But not Common Era. --Phroziac . o º O (???? chocolate!) 14:56, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

The most important thing is that everyone use the same system, so we don't need to find some way to convert dates between systems. What someone chooses to call the system really doesn't much matter. If you want to call it AD, please continue to do so. If a non-Christian is offended by that and wants to call it CE, let them have their way, too. I would actually prefer that it be based on some nuetral secular event, say the largest eruption of Krakatoa, but this would require worldwide agreement and lots of conversion at this point, so let's just stick with what we have. StuRat 16:30, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

Then what does a PC BC stand for? --Zeizmic 19:18, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

The PC term is BCE (Before Common Era) deeptrivia (talk)

I fully agree with Phroziac. It's the same thing by a different name. So if we continue using the same thing why give it a differnt name? That's just confusing. It's like the recent change in the Dutch language that exchanges one illogical set of rules for another one. But this is worse, because it's the same rule (which is as (il)logical as any other would be). And the Common Era article starts by pointing out that it can also be read as Christian Era. So we're back where we started. Before I encountered this here (I've never seen it used aywhere else) I never thought about what 'AD' stood for (although I was aware of it). Now I'm irritated everytime I see a date (well, that's an exaggeration).
A rule I often follow is that if you want to change something, the more traditional it is, the stronger your arguments have to be. Well, tradition is long and strong here and I don't see a single argument for the change. All that is achieved is that people get confused. I still do, even though I know about it (which most people won't). A change that would make sense would be to introduce a year zero, in accordance with all other measurements. Or make time measurement decimal (10 hours per day, 100 minutes per hour, that sort of thing). But that's a different story. DirkvdM 09:26, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
I do like the idea of going to decimal time, which has been tried occasionally, such as after the French Revolution, but never really caught on. I would also like to stop the silly use of time zones and daylight savings time and have everyone go to Universal Coordinated Time. It really is the same time everywhere, as measured from the Big Bang or creation of the universe by your favorite diety, but we pretend it is different times to make the Sun rise at approximately the same time all over the world (plus or minus about 3 hours, which hardly seems worth the effort !). StuRat 09:50, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
Apparently you don't do much reading, DirkdvdM. The terms "CE" and "BCE" have been in general use for about 20 years and have achieved wide acceptance throughout the English-speaking world. That doesn't happen overnight. JackofOz 09:34, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
  • Well, Dirk's not the only one. I never came across it before it cropped up at Wikipedia either. What really ticks me off about the issue is how it pretty much still refers to the same year and event. I can't see how calling it something different makes it any more neutral in that regard. - Mgm|(talk) 12:04, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
    • Dirk and mgm don't live in the English-speaking world, it might be that it isn't commonly used in the Netherlands. Yeltensic42.618 don't panic 17:35, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
It's like the diff between "Merry Christmas" and "Happy Holidays", if you know you're addressing a Christian, then "Merry Christmas" is OK, but to be safe around people you aren't sure of, stick with "Happy Holidays". Of course, if one encounters a Grinch like me, one may well find a candy cane inserted in a most inconvenient location, regardless of the seasonal greeting used. StuRat 11:03, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
Another point: my (rather extensive) English-Dutch dictionary does not list CE or BCE. And actually, I do do a lot of reading, and often in English (my reasoning being that I already know Dutch, so if I get my info from English texts I learn that language better in the process). And if I come across something new I look it up, of course. But if the dictionary doesn't list it I'll assume it's not important. So maybe I have come across it once or twice and decided it wasn't worth remembering. DirkvdM 09:30, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
When I studied History at school, my textbooks used BC and AD, despite the fact that Indian textbooks are known for their PC-ness. Maybe now they use BCE and CE. deeptrivia (talk) 04:05, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
That PC again. Do you mean a computer? What does that have to do with it? DirkvdM 09:51, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
It's political correctness. Yeltensic42.618 don't panic 15:13, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

Wine longevity[edit]

How long will a good wine last when kept at room temperature?

In an unopened bottle, probably years, though the wine may suffer. In a glass, nasty by tomorrow. An unsealed bottle will suffer by tomorrow, though a robust red may be drinkable for a few days. In a resealed bottle, could keep a few days, depends on the temperature of your room, and the wine: some are more forgiving than others. My kitchen, at around 8 degrees centigrade in winter, is a good place to stand wine. Houses at 28 degrees will cook it quickly. Several techniques exist for stretching a resealed bottle to a couple of weeks. Sweet wines keep better, and fortified ones keep excellently. Notinasnaid 17:59, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
Your kitchen is 8 degrees C ? I guess you have a blue chef to go along with the bleu cheese. StuRat 18:18, 7 January 2006 (UTC)


The Argonauts were in search of the golden fleece in Greek Mythology,,Is the word "Argonaut" also used to describe 49er's of California Gold Rush times? Gary Day Rocklin California

I've never heard it used that way. StuRat 18:15, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
Yes, most definitely. Check out this Google search. User:Zoe|(talk) 19:51, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

currency question[edit]

I have two 20,000 peso bills from 1988 (one is serie CS and the other is serie DA). I also have three 2,000 peso bills from 1987 (one is serie CW, another is serie DB and the third one is serie DA). Can anyone tell me the value of these bills and where I could exchange them into US dollars if I ever choose to?

The peso is the unit of currency in many countries, which one do you mean ? StuRat 18:13, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
Two very simple answers: (1) The value fluxuates. If they are collector's items, you need to ask an appraiser who specializes in that sort of thing, or go hunting for currency collector's websites or things like this. (2) Most banks and international airports (they have currency exchange stands, international ones do). Cernen 10:07, 8 January 2006 (UTC)

I have a question about sanctifying the temple ground.[edit]

I'm trying to find the link between the red cow and the sanctification of the ground that the temple is to be built on. Is it the blood that santifies the ground. Also is it the ashes and water that washes away sin? It is Judaism. And I'm in the (USA)

It would be helpful if you said what country you live in, what religion you're talking about, and so on. —Keenan Pepper 22:37, 7 January 2006 (UTC)
I think the questioner is referring to the red heifer in Judaism.--Pharos 23:46, 7 January 2006 (UTC)

mass media[edit]

Is cellphone a mass media?

No. Cellular phones are a means of personal communication, not a way to send the same message to a large audience. —Keenan Pepper 00:20, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
I think some do have the option to send a phone or text message to multiple recipients. Still, this is far short of "mass media", which typically involves the ability to send messages to thousands or millions of people at once. StuRat 01:58, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
They can be used as a mass medium though; Berlusconi's government once sent an SMS to every mobile phone in Italy, reminding people to vote. David Sneek 08:08, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
  • That's just mean to the Italian youth. A lot of phones are sold to young people who aren't yet allowed to vote. Isn't that similar to spamming? - Mgm|(talk) 12:06, 8 January 2006 (UTC)

January 8[edit]

Angostura Aromatic Bitters[edit]

Could you please tell me what 45% alcohol by volume means? Is this product safe for children or people who should not drink alcohol? Could this product produce intoxication, or cause a person to smell as if they have been drinking (alcohol/liquor)? Thank You, DB

Alcohol by volume is a measure of what proportion of the total volume of the beverage is composed of alcohol. (It is also the proof divided by two.) So 45% ABV means that just shy of half the liquid in Angostura bitters is alcohol.
As to whether it's safe, that depends on your standards. Bitters are typically used in very small quantities - one or two drops at a time - so the amount of alcohol you'll get from an average serving is tiny, far too little to get even a child drunk. However, some people who abstain as part of their treatment for alcoholism will not even drink that little bit. --George 00:54, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
Note that many cold remedies for children also contain alcohol. The same logic applies, they just don't drink enough to get intoxicated. StuRat 01:55, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
For clarification: one could also measure the alcohol content by weight. Since alcohol is much lighter than water (the main other constituent of just about any drink), that percentage would be lower. Why volume is used in stead of weight, I don't know, but I suppose it was just a matter of flipping a coin, so to say. DirkvdM 09:39, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
  • I suppose it makes things easier when determining how much alcohol someone is allowed to have in their system. Blood alcohol levels are also easily determined in percentages. - Mgm|(talk) 12:08, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
  • (After edit conflict) Well, manufacturers could manipulate alcohol by weight measures by using more or less dense mixers. The good thing about alcohol by volume is that given a vessel or serving of known volume, it doesn't take any further tools to work out the amount of alcohol in that vessel. (In the UK, the size of spirit serving must by law be displayed). The responsible drinker than therefore plan their intake. The irresponsible drinker too, if they can still do arithmetic. To the original poster: 45% by volume is about as much alchohol as whisky has in it, but it would be harder to drink bitters to excess (for most people). Notinasnaid 12:15, 8 January 2006 (UTC)

need information about claude hollingsworth murder on mt lemon, approx. november 18-20, 1999[edit]

need info about claude hollingsworth murder on mt lemon from tucson newspaper.What info is available?

You could do a google search for any newspapers that are published in Tucson. Then search the newspaper's archives which are normally available on their web sites. A small fee is sometimes charged to get the whole article. This would probably be easier and less time consuming for you considering you'd have to wait for someone here to perform the same searches that you're able to do yourself. Dismas|(talk) 05:04, 8 January 2006 (UTC)

Trying to find out something about my family[edit]

I would like to trace back my family history and rule in or out affiliation (if there is any) with James Craggs the Elder.

well, the key is in tracing back from you rather than forward from him (or from his ancestors).

Can you .... let me how a title becomes extinct, relating to the Viscount Clare peerage, which seems to be related to the 1st Earl Nugent, Robert Craggs-Nugent?

The Viscountcy of Clare, created for Robert Craggs-Nugent on 19 January 1767 in the Peerage of Ireland, became extinct on his death, because he had no male heirs. The Barony of Nugent of Carlanstown also became extinct on his death, for the same reason (it was recreated for the 1st Earl's daughter, the wife of the 2nd Earl, with a special remainder to her son George, but that also became extinct when George died without children). The title of Earl Nugent didn't become extinct on the 1st Earl's death, because it was created with a special remainder, failing heirs male of his body, to his son-in-law, George Grenville, who became the 2nd Earl. The Earldom became extinct on the death of the second earl's great-grandson, the last heir male of his body, in 1889. - Nunh-huh 04:16, 8 January 2006 (UTC)

asociation of relexologist in the uk e-mail address[edit]

Try Association of Reflexologists. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 10:42, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
Which spot do you need to stimulate to improve the spelling and capitalization skills of the patient ? StuRat 11:16, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
A swift kick in the ass. Cernen 06:44, 9 January 2006 (UTC)

Les Elephants[edit]

Nicknamed Les Elephants, this team's greatest achievement until 2005 was winning an inter-continental trophy in 1992. it will make its debut on its sport's greatest stage in 2006. which team?

  • Are you genuinely interested in knowing the answer or are you trying to quiz us? — JIP | Talk 10:38, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
Try soccer. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 10:41, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
Given that the question is quoted almost verbatim from the intro to our article on the Ivorian national football team, I'm assuming that they're quizzing us. ByeByeBaby 21:27, 8 January 2006 (UTC)

PC Assembly Guide[edit]


I am interested in building my own computer, but I have not done anything like this before. I was hoping that someone could provide me with information as to where I can find guides and such for building a machine, where to buy parts from, what sort of parts I should get, and how to store those components (if a special storage method is necessary.)

I currently use a Dell XPS with a 3.60 GHz processor, and 1022 RAM, but I don't necessarily need all that for my first machine, it really depends on how much it will cost and how difficult it will be to make.

Thanks in advance, Demonesque 11:20, 8 January 2006 (UTC)

This isn't an answer, but just an observation: if you want to do this to save money, you will be disappointed. It will almost certainly cost more to buy the parts than to buy an assembled computer. (That's not a reason not to do it, it's interesting and educational, but you need a realistic view.) In addition, if you want to run Windows, it costs *much* more to buy a copy of Microsoft Windows at retail than it does for your PC manufacturer (who buys OEM copies in bulk at a huge discount); transferring Windows from another machine is not generally a legal solution because it will probably be OEM (and untransferable, even if sending the machine to landfill). This doesn't apply if you want to run Linux. Notinasnaid 11:41, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
Shuttle Computers aren't bad for starting off, they're small-factor computers and you buy the case with the motherboard already in. You then buy all the other components and fit them in yourself. See 15:16, 8 January 2006 (UTC)

  • Building a computer is a bit like a puzzle; if you're a logical thinker, and you're good at them, it shouldn't be too hard to assemble them, provided you follow the instructions.
  • It'll cost more to build your own, but there will be more of a "wow, I did it" feeling once you're finished. (Which also means you'll cry when it dies.)
  • Store components in an anti-static bag. They're not necessarily rare, but they can be pricey from what I understand. I used to get mine from work; we had a general excess of them.

As long as you keep the amount of stuff you buy to a minimum (buy your video card and memory last; it'll be cheaper when you're done), take your time, buy an anti-static wrist strap, and follow all directions, you should be fine. Oh, and don't use Windows. Use Linux. Cernen 06:50, 9 January 2006 (UTC)

In my experience, physically putting together a computer is easier than installing all the software. With msWindows that is, because you have to install everything yourself. Linux distros often come with a humungous amount of software that you can install along with the OS, which even installs more easily than msWindows these days. The only problem is when you want to install other software, because getting the dependencies fulfilled (or how do you say that) can be hell. But Debian seem to have cracked that.
But back to the hardware. Last time I put a computer together I didn't have a proper manual for what goes where and the architecture was new to me, but everything went well because you simply can't stick something in the wrong place - it just won't fit. The only exception was with some minor connectors (builtin beepspeaker and such), but the coding gave that away (with some educated guessing). DirkvdM 09:49, 9 January 2006 (UTC)

Sorry for bolding, but isn't there anyone that has noticed that there is a complete Wikibook on the topic in question??? TERdON 11:20, 9 January 2006 (UTC)


is us invasation on iraq is right? did they found any weapens of mass destraction.

They didn't find any Weapons of Mass Destruction, but whether its right or not depends on your opinion. smurrayinchester(User), (Talk) 15:57, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
There is an entire article on the invasion including extensive discussion of the reasons for it, please see 2003 Invasion of Iraq. -- Rick Block (talk) 19:02, 8 January 2006 (UTC)

Please keep in mind that Saddam was the biggest Weapon of Mass Destruction of them all.

Interresting typo. The best way to avert attention from domestic problems is to create a common enemy. Thatcher used the Falklands for that (from the article: a wave of patriotic sentiment swept through the United Kingdom, bolstering the government of British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher.). And Bush used Iraq for that purpose, so to him that invasion was a "Weapon of Mass Distraction". :) DirkvdM 09:55, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
I don't think that was quite it in either case. Bush wanted to avenge the assassination attempt on his father by Iraq and Thatcher was reacting to the insult on British pride at having their islands captured by a nation with a third-rate military. StuRat 10:55, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
Oops, I got that the wrong way around. It was actually Argentina that used this to avert attention from domestic problems. Although it happened to help Thatcher too (maybe they made a deal? - another one for the conspiracy freaks :) ). If that assassination attempt at old Bush was the reason the reaction came a little late, didn't it? DirkvdM 09:59, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
Well, Clinton was in office at the time, so did nothing. Bush Jr. invaded Iraq as quickly as he could, having to first get elected and invade Afghanistan, since that was where al-Queada actually was, before getting around to pretending they were hiding in Iraq so he could invade there. StuRat 04:25, 14 January 2006 (UTC)

français: jeux de scène[edit]

Hello, I am currently doing some homework for my french class about Fables de la Fontaine and we have to chose one and say how we would make it into a play. There is just one phrase that I cannot understand, it is "Jeux de scène" and i was wondering if anyone would please help me finding a pretty much exact definition for it so that i can understand the question. Could you please post you answers before the 9th of January 2006 G.M.T.+1 Thank you in advance, Daniel.

Bonjour, je suis couramment entrain de faire un devoir pour mon professeur de français sur les Fables de la Fontaine, on doit en choisir une et puis dire comment on le mettrais en théâtre. Il y a just une chose que je ne comprends pas, c'est "Jeux de scène" et je me demandai si quelqu'un aurait le gentilesse de m'aider trouver un définition pour que je puisse comprendre la question. Veillez répondre avant le 9 Janvier 2006 en heure française. Merci d'avance, Daniel.

Might you consider showing us the context in which it is used?
Veuillez nous montrer la phrase dans laquelle elle est utilisée.
En anglais, ça veux dire "stage business", unpredictable or incidental activities performed by actors on the stage for dramatic effect. deeptrivia (talk) 05:03, 9 January 2006 (UTC)

Thank you, for your answer. Merci pour votre réponse. daniel 14:49, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Searchable index of pages.[edit]

I have little knowledge of things like PHP, MySQL, etc etc. In fact, I can barely write HTML. Despite this, I'd like to make a small searchable database (I believe this is the correct term) for personal use. I would have a page for each item -- in this case, each item is an episode of a TV series I own. For example, I'd have a list of TV shows - I'd click Frasier, then Season 1, and it would show all 24 episodes, then I'd click one and it would bring up a page about it, with guest stars, trivia, what disc it's on in my DVD cabinet, what special features it has, and more importantly, keywords I've entered for it. I'd be able to search the database for a keyword to find things.

What would I need in order to actually make this? It is basically just using a search-box to find keywords I've attached to a .HTML page. It would only need to search in the "keywords" section, if it makes it easier. Thank you. ----Alice Barron, January 9 2006

  • The problem is that search box has to correspond with not only searching code but a database chock full of information. There is no terribly simple way to create a custom database, unfortunately. An easier solution than trying to create on with a web interface (because even simple ones require a lot of learning in terms of PHP and MySQL) is to try a dedicated database creation program. Most of these cost money — FileMaker and Microsoft Access are two of the most popular ones. The only one I know of that doesn't cost money is Base, though my brief playing with it had not made feel that it is very easy to use (its interface is modeled on Access, which is not the most intuitive program). It would be very easy for someone with some minimal database-creation experience to make what you would want, but it would be a lot of investment for someone without any experience to make such a thing if they didn't plan on doing anything else with the knowledge. My suggestion is to poke around online for someone who would be willing to create such a thing for you, or else commit to learning how to use one of the above solutions. --Fastfission 17:11, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
I've been using Advanced File Organizer for years, and find it suits my needs. It does all that you've listed above. Natgoo 18:25, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
I don't know what else to say but this: why hasn't anyone suggested she get herself a wiki? It doesn't take much effort to set up if you follow the instructions they provide at Meta. I have my own wiki and love it to death, use it for all sorts of things. They come with built-in search, and if you've ever used Wikipedia, then you'd already have an idea of how to get it running. That's my suggestion. Cernen Xanthine Katrena 08:29, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

Quotation marks[edit]

When should I use single quotation marks over double? eg. 'Death of a salesman' OR "Death of a salesman"?

There is no universal agreement. Most people in North America use double quotes as the primary type and reserve single quotes for quotations within quotations. This is sometimes done in Britain, but the opposite style is more commonly seen there. (There are also a few people who vary between single and double quotes depending on exactly what they are using the quotation marks for, but that's definitely nonstandard.) The quotation marks article mentions this, but probably should go into it in a bit more depth.
The specific example was a title. For titles, it is often recommended that quotation marks should be reserved for shorter works such as short stories; titles of books, plays, and movies go in italics (or they are underlined if italics are not available). So rather than either 'Death of a Salesman' or "Death of a Salesman", the preferred choice is Death of a Salesman.
--Anonymous, 17:40 UTC, January 8, 2006
If you are referring to how to use quotes specifically for Wikipedia articles, it's given in the manual of style. - Akamad 19:15, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
Funny, I was just told off by gidonb on the Netherlands talk page (last posting) for using single quotes in phrases like "The English plural 'Netherlands' is a remnant from ...". Note the double quotes around the whole phrase (because it is a quote) and the single quotes around 'Netherlands' to mark it as a word that is not part of the sentence but the subject of it. Gidonb changed that to double quotes. I've always believed that my method was standard (and I've been altering it all over Wikipedia), but now I've started to doubt. The manual of style does not address this, only the use of quotation marks for quotes. DirkvdM 10:25, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
Thank you

How can I view older versions of Wikipedia pages?[edit]

I'd like to read the article on the Deep Throat informant and Watergate as it read prior to May, 2005. Is it possible to read older versions?

  • Yes. Click on "history" at the top bar and select the date of the revision you want. — JIP | Talk 17:04, 8 January 2006 (UTC)

Prime Minister Sharon[edit]

Which of the 12 original tribes does Prime Minister Sharon belong to? E-mail address removed

The Jews are said to descend from the tribes of Judah and Benjamin. The other 10 tribes (the Ten Lost Tribes) "disappeared" after the fall of the Kingdom of Israel in the 8th century BCE. It is, of course, quite possible that over the past 3,000 years, Sharon's ancestors intermarried with people of various ethnicities. -- Mwalcoff 21:18, 8 January 2006 (UTC)

Most expensive movie[edit]

i can't find this anywhere i looked on imdb but it wasn't clear, what is the highest budget film, and therefore the most expensive film to date?

List of most expensive films. MeltBanana 20:44, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
Incredible how many lousy films (Titanic and such) and films I never heard of are on that list. And not one of the Lord of the Rings films on it. Those guys really knew how to use a budget! DirkvdM 10:07, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
Thank you
That lousy film Titanic that won best picture? The great budgeting of the Lord of the Rings movies, by the same people who made King Kong, the film that tops that list? User:Zoe|(talk) 22:44, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
Right! Haven't seen King Kong yet, but I should. If only to see what those guys can do with such a huge budget :) . Whose best picture did that Titanic movie win? :) DirkvdM 07:50, 11 January 2006 (UTC)


There is no article on this, at least i don't think so, what is it called, and what is it used for other than something to do with number, also what are its origins? (7121989 20:00, 8 January 2006 (UTC))

Yes there is, see Number sign. It has lots of names... Lupo 20:21, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
I know it as hash, but I haven't yet tried to smoke it. :) DirkvdM 10:29, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
Smoking that kind of #=<+ results. ~ next time I feel witty, WAvegetarian (talk) (email) (contribs) 07:40, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
Less than plus results? DirkvdM 10:08, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
Thank you
Less than positive, but yeah. I've found that, generally, you don't get great results from smoking printer paper covered in #s. WAvegetarian (talk) (email) (contribs) 08:48, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
Nay! The results are doubleplusgood! That is, if you fill the paper with real hash...then you get that good ol' hashhash effect going...mmmmyeah... Cernen Xanthine Katrena 20:47, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

Lease contract[edit]

Hello. I bought a truck. Truck is on my name but a company is using that truck. At present time they are paying monthly payments to the bank. They wrote me letter: lease agreement for 60 month and that they agree to pay my loan for truck. But it's just letter. I understand I need some legal contract. May be I could find online the car lease form? And have I notarise it or not? Thank You, Natalia.

Wikipedia does not give legal advice. You should talk to a lawyer or a financial advisor. --Canley 22:16, 8 January 2006 (UTC)

Music download[edit]

What kind of music is safe to download in the US using a P2P software? How can I figure out whether a particular file is legal to download? I am especially talking about music made outside the US, and possibly having (or not having) copyrights in other countries. deeptrivia (talk) 22:53, 8 January 2006 (UTC)

  • You should generally be very wary of anything you download using P2P. Some independent bands (and occasionally major ones) will release their music via the Internet and permit free distribution. Some of these are even "sponsored bands" who work directly with some of the peer-to-peer programs to get their music out. A simple, general rule is that if you could buy the music somewhere, it's probably illegal to download it - but this of course does not constitute legal advice. (ESkog)(Talk) 23:54, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
    • Note: that last rule is note necessarily true. For example, Amazon has a fairly large collection of free and legal downloads, many of which one would have to pay a dollar for on iTunes. Zafiroblue05 22:26, 14 January 2006 (UTC)
Thanks! One clarification: Does "somewhere" mean somewhere in the US, or anywhere in the world? deeptrivia (talk) 23:59, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
Almost anywhere. See Berne Convention. —Keenan Pepper 00:13, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
But it may soon be legal in france and sweeden (?) as they try to make a change in copyright law .

Music in Ocean's Twelve[edit]

Hello, There is a song that plays in the background, where the other theift, François Toulour (played by Vincent Cassel), is stealing the replica Fabergé egg. It is a dance song with a Arabian tone to it. I would very much appreatiate if anyone knew the name. Also, I looked at the sound track and it wasn't on it. Thank you --(Aytakin) | Talk 23:13, 8 January 2006 (UTC)

The song is called "Thé à la Menthe" and is performed by La Caution ☢ Ҡieff 04:16, 9 January 2006 (UTC)


Hi, I need your guys help relating to the country Russia. Russia is a country in Asia. But we dont call them Asians like the other countries (China, Japan, Korea etc...)thier is a certain word that people use to call Russian's, Siberian's, etc... I saw when I was about to take a test, and you have to bubble in what nationality you are, so I saw it said Russia and other countries listed. Then thier was a bracket to combine all those countries, and a word next to it that tells you what nationality they really are or what you would call them. I need to know this word, I think it starts when an "S" but i'm not a 100% sure. please help, thanks.

The word (and article) you are looking for might be Slavic. --Canley 23:55, 8 January 2006 (UTC)
It's worth pointing out here that Russia is a country of very many ethnicities, so you have to distinguish between Russian nationality (as in someone born in Russia) and Russian ethnicity. Ethnic Russians are Slavs, not Asians. But native peoples of east-Siberia such as Buryats are Asians, not Slavs. But they still have a Russian nationality. See the article Demographics of Russia, which has a quite impressive list of ethnical groups. --BluePlatypus 00:18, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
A big chunk of Russia is in Europe. --Nelson Ricardo 00:44, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
Not the biggest chunk in size (it's the part west of the Ural), but certainly the most populous part. And that's where the Russian Slavs live. Actually, all Slavs are Europeans. And most Russians. DirkvdM 10:36, 9 January 2006 (UTC)

The ruling class has always been of European ancestry and culture, starting with Vikings, I believe. This is why it's considered a European country even though most of it is in Asia. In a reverse example, Turkey could perhaps be considered an Asian country, even though part of it is in Europe, since it's people are primarily of Asian descent. StuRat 10:45, 9 January 2006 (UTC)

The word you may be looking for is Eurasian MeltBanana 19:33, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
Right, the distinction is pretty arbitrary, geographically speaking. But this is more about cultural differences. And it's that which dominates the discussion about entry of Turkey into the EU for many people. DirkvdM 10:11, 10 January 2006 (UTC)


I know a man whose mother passed away and his step father remarried...he was having an affair with his step dads new wife...would you consider this incest?

  • Well, have a look at incest. In the introduction, it says that some cultures only consider incest to be sexual relations among blood relatives, while others include marriage and adoption as taboos. (ESkog)(Talk) 23:51, 8 January 2006 (UTC)

January 9[edit]

Ohio River Travel Times[edit]

What is the travel time by boat from Cincinnati, OH to Pittsburhg, PA?

What kind of boat are you talking about? There are two slow steamboat cruises run by Delta Queen which take either four or five nights to travel between the cities you mention. --Canley 02:02, 9 January 2006 (UTC)

Moustache and glasses[edit]

Is there any specific name for the type of oft-caricatured "disguise" that consists of glasses attached to a fake nose, attached to a fake moustache? --JianLi 02:06, 9 January 2006 (UTC)

  • Hey, NonFreeImageRemoved.svg do you think this is easy? --hydnjo talk 03:54, 9 January 2006 (UTC)

do plastic give off Dioxons when frozen?[edit]

The amount of dioxin in plastics is so little as to be arguably clinically meaningless. Plastics are continuously off gassing, so I would assume some would be released while it was frozen. See dioxin for more information. WAvegetarian (talk) (email) (contribs) 04:32, 9 January 2006 (UTC)

This is an urban myth]. --BluePlatypus 04:46, 9 January 2006 (UTC)

Nigeria Olympic Team[edit]

>What sports will the Nigeria Winter Olympic Team compete in? Who will compete?

I'm not sure that Nigeria has a delegate to the 2006 Winter Games in Torino. WAvegetarian (talk) (email) (contribs) 07:52, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
I think they actually do, and I think he's a skier. You might need to clarify that one. --JB Adder | Talk 23:24, 10 January 2006 (UTC)

how invinted the passport[edit]

See Passport. --Canley 05:11, 9 January 2006 (UTC)

Friends DVD's[edit]

Is there a way i can tell if my Friend copied my DVD without letting me knowing, beside's asking him?

Even if there is, I guess it would be prohibitingly expensive. I can't think of any way they might be able to do it. deeptrivia (talk) 05:09, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
No, there isn't, unless you happen to find the copy. --cesarb 05:20, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
  • I haven't tried copying one, but aren't those protected from copying? - Mgm|(talk) 08:30, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
You're probably thinking of movies on DVD's. It's the movies that are protected, not the DVD format. And even the movies aren't always protected. DirkvdM 10:43, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
Okay aren't commercial films on a DVD protected against illegal copying? (Is that better phrased, Dirk?)
They are but the protection (CSS) was cracked some years ago. So Copying is about as easy as pressing the copy button. helohe (talk) 22:17, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

I suppose there might be some single bit errors which would then be replicated on the copy. If you had such an original and a possible copy, the presence of the same single bit errors would indicate a copy, or possibly that both were copied from a common source. If your copy is perfect, however, I don't see how you could tell. And if, as I suspect, you have no access to the potential copy, then there is no way to know. StuRat 10:37, 9 January 2006 (UTC)

Untrue, because the strong Error Correcting Code used by DVDs fixes all single-bit errors. --cesarb 14:27, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
To see if anyone else had opened it you could dust the DVD or its case for fingerprints. Or with a little advance planning you could seal the case with a small piece of tape so that you could see if it has been opened. Or place a tiny scrap of paper in the case which will fall out if the case is opened in your absence. --Shantavira 16:58, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
You could just accuse your friend of copying your DVD and see how he reacts.  ;-) hydnjo talk 20:48, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
Or if you wanted you could install monitoring software on your computer. Then the logs would tell you if they were making copies plus everything else they did. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 00:00, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
If it's just a film (and therefore nothing personal), what does it matter? DirkvdM 10:16, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
It's all about bragging rights.   freshgavin TALK    06:03, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

Jews in Saudi Arabia[edit]

Is it true that no Jews are allowed to enter Saudi Arabia? What's the reason? deeptrivia (talk) 05:46, 9 January 2006 (UTC)

  • Due to Arab-Israeli conflict, holders of Israeli passports are not allowed entry into Saudi Arabia. Moreover, Saudi Arabian immigration authorities may not issue visas to people they suspect to be linked with Israel. As a peripheral piece of information, many Saudi banks (through Letter of Credit terms) insist ocean vessels to issue certificates that they are not of Israeli origin nor have they called on Israeli ports on that voyage. --Tachs 07:17, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
Right, so it's not about Jews (which would have been odd since they're all Semites) but about Israel. This sort of thing is not uncommon. Eg, you can't enter the US with a Cuban stamp in your passport (which is why your passport doesn't get stamped when entering Cuba). There are more examples, but I can't think of any now. DirkvdM 10:48, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
Does the Cuban example apply to everyone, or only to Americans? For example, I'm British and can visit Cuba freely - if I flew from Britain to Cuba, then from there to (say) Canada, would I be prevented from crossing the Canada/US border? Loganberry (Talk) 12:23, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
I know dozens of Canadians who have been to Cuba, and not one has ever been prevented from entering the US. DJ Clayworth 21:26, 10 January 2006 (UTC)

I read on the Passport article that Jews, irrespective of nationality, are not allowed in Saudi Arabia! deeptrivia (talk) 14:02, 9 January 2006 (UTC)

It is true that Jews (in addition to those who hold Israeli passports or passports with Israeli stamps, people who are inappropriately dressed, and people who are visibly drunk [19]) are not allowed into the country. I don't know how strictly this rule is enforced; it's not always easy to tell if someone is Jewish. —Charles P. (Mirv) 15:02, 9 January 2006 (UTC)

Thanks! Would they ask your religion before they let you enter? I know that several Islamic countries do not allow Israelis. Do some of them also similarly ban all Jews? deeptrivia (talk) 15:11, 9 January 2006 (UTC)

I doubt anyone bans Jews in practice. How exactly would they determine your faith? (Impossible) Or would they go by who has a jewish-sounding surname? (error-prone) Or do a genealogy of every visitor? (Too labor-intensive) This page (for Syria) says they'll stop you if you have an Israeli passport, visa or stamp. For fairness sake, it's worth mentioning it's not easy to get into Israel with a Syrian or Egyptian passport either. --BluePlatypus 22:10, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
  • According to this, the ban on Jews was put on their home-page last year, together with bans on "those who don't abide by the Saudi traditions concerning appearance and behaviours" and "those under the influence of alcohol". After protests, this page has been removed. None of these bans appear to be particularily practical to enforce at the border, and I have no idea if they're being enforced in practice right now. But there's no doubt they'll throw you out of the country if you're drunk in public, wearing a bikini or preaching Christianity or Judaism. But that's not really news either. --BluePlatypus 22:24, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
  • I personally know a Jew who was banned from engineering work in Saudi Arabia (this was in the 1960s or 70s) simply on the basis of ethnicity. It is possible that this was not offical law but a "sensitive" company policy; I don't know enough to say for sure. Thomas Friedman has of course visited Saudia Arabia many times in recent years (then again, he is a very public figure).--Pharos 00:46, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
Loganberry, about not being alowed to visit Cuba, you're right, that only applies to US citizens. Still, the immigration might give you a hard time just to piss you off (any excuse will do for those bastards). But the visa is a loose leaflet, so just take it out of the passport. By the way, it's not stricly true that US'ers aren't allowed to visit Cuba. They're just not allowed to spend any money there. Right!  :)
And about the Jew-thing. Sounds unlikely it applies in either case, but the word can mean two completely different things; religion and ancestry/ethnicity (what is the right word here?). And both would be extremely hard to check (if not impossible, unless the person says it). And anyway, as I already suggested, why would the Arabs mind? It's Israel they have problems with. DirkvdM 10:32, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
Why would anyone "mind" if someone of the "wrong" ethnicity comes into their country? Bigotry; it exists in Arab countries unfortunately as it exists in other parts of the world.--Pharos 23:42, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
Do you have any examples? Being a traveller, I'd really like to know. DirkvdM 07:52, 11 January 2006 (UTC)



Why not? (if you'd like a more thorough answer, you'll have to supply a more thorough question) Dismas|(talk) 11:16, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
Such as "as opposed to what?" DirkvdM 11:38, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
Since everyone wanted to get everywhere, horses and carriages weren't useful any more. Necessity is the mother of invention. Kid Apathy 15:37, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
Well there were also trains, but those needed a separate infrastructure, which wasn't quite as extensive yet as roads were. By the way, I don't think everyone wanted to get everywhere (talking about the 18th century now). The vast majority of people could't afford a car (couldn't afford a ford :) ) (or even a decent meal for many). Only about half a century ago were cars cheap enough and wages high enough for many people to be able to buy a car. So it might as well be that the invention createed the sense of necessity (the rich have it, we wants it too, our prrrrecious). And for another by the way, even now not quite everyone has a car (in the Netherlands it's one car per 3 people and that's a wealthy country). And cars as they are now can never be for everyone. Just think of toddlers and demented people. And many people who are allowed to drive cars shouldn't. The result is a death toll of 25 million (25 million!).
So why cars indeed? (good question after all :) )DirkvdM 10:44, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
Cdr. – b_jonas 21:33, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

Pele the Brazilian[edit]

I have noticed that Pele the soccer player is described as a forward. Does this mean that he was a striker or an attacking midfielder? A jersey number alone does not determine a players position on the field so please consider this before you give me an answer.

Pelé was known for his beautiful goals, which is a dead give-away. And forward indeed means attacker. By the way, the game is called 'football'. Or association football if you wish. Abbreviating that to 'soccer' is like calling american football 'merrer'. If you think that sounds ugly, well that's how most of the world feels about the term 'soccer'. So don't let me catch you using that name again. :) DirkvdM 11:00, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
Soccer was called that in the UK for a while to distinguish it from Rugby football, soccer obviously being short for association football. Since America already had a game we just called football, the term soccer never fell out of usage. So it's perfectly valid. :) Luigi30 (Ταλκ) 15:19, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
That's stupid. They don't even use their feet most of the time! And before you say rugby players don't either, no-one calls it rugby football any more. Just one of the many things I have an opinion on. Kid Apathy 15:33, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
So you're saying the Rugby Football League doesn't really exist? User:Zoe|(talk) 22:49, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
The US already had a game called football? Football was played in Europe centuries before the US even came into existence! Well, the rules changed over time and there were ultimately two versions, the other being rugby. And American football is much more like rugby, so why isn't it called 'American rugby'? Or 'merrer', like I said. If you insist on 'soccer' you have to be a good sport and accept that name too. Would you? And if you wouldn't, then can you accept why we won't accept 'soccer'? DirkvdM 10:51, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
Don't complain, DirkvdM. The English invented the word "soccer." It's a very British word. If Americans were to come up with a short form of "Association football," they would call it "soc-ball" (pronounced "soash-ball") or something.
It's interesting, actually. I looked through the headlines in the New York Times archives and found the semantic discrepancy between (American) "football" and "soccer" did not really come up until the early 1900s, when colleges were looking for a substitute for the American game (American-football players of the period had the nasty habit of getting killed during games). Between the introduction of organized "football" (closer to rugby) in the US in the 1870s and the 1900s, there was only one popular autumn game: "football," which gradually became a specifically American game over those decades. By the time of the great controversy (around 1905), advocates of "English rugby," "Association football" and even Canadian football pleaded their case for their games to replace American football as the big autumn sport. Of those sports, soccer made the greatest progress, but lost most of its inroads after reforms made American football safer. The point is, by the time organized FA-rules "soccer" hit American shores, the word "football" in the US had already been reserved for a game that had branched off from rugby.
Oh, and see football (word) -- Mwalcoff 01:18, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Yeah, I know the English invented the abbreviation soccer, but that was kids. Adults hardly ever use it, do they? The BBC don't and their word is gospel to me. :)
I always thought that merrer players were a bunch of sissie with their helmets and shoulder padding, but if people got killed playing it, that explains a lot. Does any of this happen in Aussie rules? Seems a lot tougher, and they don't use any protection. Or rugby, for that matter (for which the knocked out teeth are an indication). DirkvdM 08:02, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

federal penalties for having a mtn bike in wilderness[edit]

Would anyone out there know what the federal penalty (fines and/or prison term) for riding a mountain bike in a federally designated wilderness area.

Thanks in advance. —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talkcontribs)

What country? Yeltensic42.618 don't panic 17:50, 9 January 2006 (UTC)

His or her ISP seems to be located in South Dakota. --Optichan 18:54, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
  • Hmm, I tried googling on this, and turned up a curious result: [20] Apparently the banning of mountain bikes is a mistake, but it's still prohibited by forest service regs. Penalties seem to also be a matter of forest service regs and it's about several hundred dollars for various degrees of violations. Haven't seen any reference to prison time though. Night Gyr 23:45, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
How do you find the location of the ISP? DirkvdM 10:52, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
DirkvdM, you can use an IP lookup tool, sometimes called WHOIS for some reason. For example I use the "WHOIS Lookup" box (left column) here. It gave me South Dakota for the questioner above, and worked out my location corrrectly, so it's one of the better IP lookups out there.--Commander Keane 11:54, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
Looks like a very handy set of tools. I've bookmarked the page. Thanks. DirkvdM 08:06, 11 January 2006 (UTC)


Is it recommended that you wash your hair everyday?

Generally, yes. But it also depends on some factors, such as age (eg yes if you're 15 like me, not necessarily if you're 8). Yeltensic42.618 don't panic 17:49, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
Depends on your quality of hair (thin/thick, oily/dry, etc), the quality of the skin of your scalp, and so on. You can damage your hair by washing it too much. If you work out a lot and usually shower or bathe twice a day, you might not want to shampoo your hair both times. Although some people have no problems with this. If you have long hair, you might want to wash it less often than once a day. But if you have an oily scalp, you might want to wash more often. --BluePlatypus 22:34, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
As indirectly indicated above, a distinction should be made between washing with water and with water and soap (ie shampoo). I wash my hair daily, but I haven't used shampoo for 15 years now (except occasionally when I'm really dirty for some reason) and that stopped my hair from falling out (else I would have gotten as bald as my brother). A midway solution might be to use baby shampoo. DirkvdM 10:59, 10 January 2006 (UTC)

Victorian era[edit]

Who were the leaders in the Victorian Era? What were the politics like? And who were Queen Victoria's friends?

You don't mention if you have read the Victorian era article or not so it makes your question difficult to answer. hydnjo talk 20:41, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
The leaders of what? The United Kingdom? For Victoria's friends, see 'Early reign' in Victoria of the United Kingdom. See also John Brown (servant). For leaders and politics, search for "Prime Minister" and follow the links. --Canley 23:44, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
One leader of the victorian era is a bit obvious: queen Victoria. DirkvdM 11:00, 10 January 2006 (UTC)


I am trying to locate vital records of Warren County in the early to mid-1800's. Where can I find such records?

A key question is "Warren county, where?" Anyway, I'd start by checking for records at a local library (or consulting with their reference desk for where local records are stored). — Lomn | Talk / RfC 21:53, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
When you visit the Warren county public library, be sure to ask at their reference desk if there is any kind of historical society for the region. User:AlMac|(talk) 23:18, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
Just about every LDS Steak Center will have a Family History Center that you can visit and look up records in. There's also the big huge one in Salt Lake, but it gets hot during the summer, so dress light. Heh. Cernen Xanthine Katrena 11:17, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

shape shifting device[edit]

Is it possible for scientists to make a device that allows the user to change into any biological form (excluding single-celled organisms and plantlife) using the creatures DNA?

Neat science fiction scenario; I saw it in Tank Girl! I think someday you will be able to grow extra limbs, but you could never map them into your brain. We will just have to be happy with Doc Oc exo-suits. --Zeizmic 21:15, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
I wouldn't be so sure. If/when we perfect nanotechnology, amazing things may become possible. Pure speculation right now though. —Keenan Pepper 01:26, 10 January 2006 (UTC)

Two things would need to be considered, even if it was possible:

  • Conservation of mass. An object, even a living one, can't just increase or decrease in mass spontaneously. It could change density, and therefore volume, however.
  • Speed of change. There are organisms that undergo amazing changes now, like a caterpillar into a butterfly. However, such changes don't occur instantly, but take quite a long time for a transition period.

StuRat 06:27, 10 January 2006 (UTC)


If you conceptually trust the concept of Star Trek beaming yourself into a computer system of some kind, e-mailing yourself to a different computer system, then rematerializing at the destination, the computer systems could perhaps analyse you so as to reconstitute you in a smaller mass, that retains the memories, and adds some motor functions to help you cope. Like if you were a biped and are now an octopus you might need help maneuvering the extra limbs. User:AlMac|(talk) 23:22, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
"Is it possible?" is a vague sort of question. There is no technology today that gives any prospect of doing this sort of thing or being extended in the foreseeable future to do it. However, there is no physical law that keeps the matter of a living thing's body from being rearranged, as StuRat's example of the caterpillar shows. Imagine a primitive man looking at a bird and remembering how he once made a weapon out of a sharpened stick, and asking "Is it possible that someone will make a thing that will let fly through the air and carry people at 20 times that speed?" Is the answer yes or no? Depends on what you mean by "possible", right? Well, this is like that. --Anonymous, 05:54 UTC, Jan. 11, 2006

California drought in '70s or '80s[edit]

I heard sometime in the 70's or 80's that there was a drought in Southern California that lasted 5 years. It was said that when it finally rained schools were called off because the young children living in the area had never seen rain fall from the sky. I would like to have this story verified.

As far as I know that story is false. It sounds like an urban legend. You might try looking at WAvegetarian (talk) (email) (contribs) 21:51, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
hmm... I remember reading that alot of rainstorms were happening there around that time, so, a district court judge ordered the rain to stop, and it did for 5 years, after which the judge overturned his decision. it rained the day after.
His name was Samuel King. The citation for where I heard it was "Lawyer's Wit and Wisdom", Bruce Nash and Allan Zullo/Kathryn Zullo. Running Press: Philadelphia, 1994. Page 34. LoC number 94-73880, ISBN 1 56138 650 2.


I have google earth(c) on my computer, and in the Washington D.C. area, where Massachusetts Ave. connects with Observatory Rd., there is a circular area where the resolution is extremely low, while everything else on the earth in the program is Hi-Res. That area seems to have been manipulated. so, does anybody know what that area is?

Disclaimer: google(c) earth(c) belongs to Google(c)

It's the US Naval Observatory. (not to be confused with Navel-gazing.) --BluePlatypus 22:46, 9 January 2006 (UTC)
Who somewhat ironically have a more detailed aerial shot here. --BluePlatypus 22:48, 9 January 2006 (UTC)

Thanx, but I still wonder why it was manipulated... Oh well, Thanx! :D

Do you really??? It's a security issue. The Naval observatory is a major military location not to mention the site of the VPs home. Not the sort of thing the US government wants made available. Look up other major military sites and you'll see the same thing.

I have, but they are all in Hi-Res.

The Vice President lives at an observatory? Dismas|(talk) 11:27, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
Well sure. I mean, it's gotta have a nice view, right? WAvegetarian (talk) (email) (contribs) 12:39, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
They've manipulated a fair few images; the White House has its roof covered in red to hide whatever is actually on the roof (rocket launchers and such and such). smurrayinchester(User), (Talk) 21:34, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
I always thought he lived in a hole in the ground and, should he appear during Election Season, would mean that there would be six more months of War. Cernen Xanthine Katrena 10:17, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

January 10[edit]

Eye black - how does it work?[edit]

After reading the Wikipedia article and linked pages I'm still puzzled. The region below the eyes will reflect light, but unless the athlete is wearing goggles or glasses, I don't see how it reduces glare, since there is no surface for the reflected light to strike.

Black does not reflect. It absorbs all light. --Nelson Ricardo 00:30, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
In the Light pollution article there is a description of glare. In this case, glare is caused by the sun hitting the skin on your face and bouncing into your eyes. Eye black absorbs that light. You may be thinking of glare on your car window, for example. In that case, glare is caused by the sun hitting the window and bouncing into your eyes.--Commander Keane 04:56, 10 January 2006 (UTC)

Neopets: The Darkest Faerie[edit]

Hello, I am having trouble finding out how to get through the endless staircase in Act II. I was wondering if someone could help me with that. Thanks!! Zach 02:26, 10 January 2006 (UTC)

If you search google for Neopets: The Darkest Faerie walkthrough, the first page links to this, which is a walkthrough for the entire game. It is done chronologically as the game progresses so don't scroll down past where you are or it will spoil the next part of the game for you. WAvegetarian (talk) (email) (contribs) 07:31, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
You can't link directly to the walkthroughs. You have to go through GameFAQs or GameSpot to get there. [21] --Optichan 15:39, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
Unfortunitly, the walkthrough only goes up until the part right before i need it. Oh well. Zach 22:08, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
While this isn't helpful advice at all, I'll give you the same advice I give my mother, who insists on playing Super Smash Bros. Melee with me, when she can't figure out how to do something. "It just takes practice." All the walkthroughs in the world won't make up for lack of skill. (I learned that the hard way too many times.) Skill can only be gained by wasting your life. So, waste away! Grab a case of Bawls and some Pringles and get crackin'! Cernen Xanthine Katrena 22:27, 10 January 2006 (UTC) (P.S.: GameFAQs are helpful, but some are better written than others. Look at all the walkthroughs available, esp. the ones with the largest file size.)
Yea, thats some good advice alright!! :) I will use it wisely Thanks!! Zach 01:05, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

world health organisation[edit]

please provide me with the answers of the following questions related to the world health day. i am curious to find out more about it.

  1. which countries are the members of this organisation?
  2. what is the world health day?
  3. why is the world health day important?
As stated at the top of the page, we do not answer homework questions. You might start your research at World Health Day and WHO. --WAvegetarian (talk) (email) (contribs) 07:24, 10 January 2006 (UTC)

It might also be useful for you to know that the World Health Organization is an organization within the United Nations. Generally, every nation that is a member of the UN is also a member of each of its organizations. Their individual level of involvement may vary however. User:AlMac|(talk) 10:37, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

Authenticity of Wikipedia[edit]

How is wikipedia different , authentic than other encyclopedia's that are present on net ?

Wikipedia is different in that it is the largest encyclopedia in the world, on the net or otherwise. I'm not quite sure what you mean by "authentic." You can find out more about Wikipedia by clicking on the link in this sentence. That article includes links to further reading if you can't find what you're looking for. You might also look at Wikipedia:Wikipedia Signpost/2005-10-31/Guardian rates articles and Wikipedia:Wikipedia Signpost/2005-12-19/Nature study. WAvegetarian (talk) (email) (contribs) 07:21, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
Wikipedia is written by n00bs, which makes it better than other encyclopedias. --Optichan 15:37, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
Damn right.--Fangz 19:54, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
The Wik is different because here, information is written by people, and checked by people, who know stuff about other stuff. It's not like Encyclopedia Brittanica where you have information that may be useful but not entertaining and/or particularly interesting. Exploding whale is a good example of an entertaining article you won't find in THEIR encyclopedia. Also, how many published works do you know of that have articles on koopa troopas, goombas, Sonic the Hedgehog, and a list of every pricing game on The Price Is Right? We're better because we're not stuffy librarians holed up in some cubicle. We're better because we're actual people who know actual stuff about actual topics. Cernen Xanthine Katrena 11:11, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

who first said "the first time is an outlier, second is coincidence, third a trend"[edit]

I'd like to know who first said the phrase (or most similar to): "the first time is an outlier, second is coincidence, third a trend"

I've found some information below but I can't find the definitive first source, ie. person, page number, book type reference. Thanks in advance! "Once is an accident; twice is a coincidence; three times....a conspiracy" - A.C. Clarke "Once is an accident, twice is a coincidence, three times is enemy action." Old soldier¹s adage. ... work with the old adage: “Once is an accident,twice is a coincidence and three times is proof.” more by the adage, "One is an isolated incident, twice is a coincidence, three times is a pattern." I am reminded of the words of General Baya; "Once is an incident, twice is a coincidence and three times an enemy action." ...reminded of the adage “Once is a fluke, twice is a coincidence, and three times is a pattern” ...based on the old adage that "Once is an accident, twice is a coincidence, but three times makes it true." There's an adage that goes, "once is a fluke, twice is a coincidence, thrice is a trend, four times is a fact, and five times is a conspiracy." Jerry Weinberg: "Once is an event; twice is a coincidence; three times is a pattern." "Proving it really is a pattern A pattern description should contain at least three known uses, preferably from different unrelated projects. This is considered important, since otherwise a pattern cannot be distinguished from a clever design which has yet to be proved to be a recurring pattern. Consider Jerry Weinberg: "Once is an event; twice is a coincidence; three times is a pattern.""

Many thanks. drcraig -- 10:05, 10 January 2006 (UTC)

"Once is happenstance, twice is coincidence, third time is enemy action" is a line in the James Bond book Goldfinger, by Ian Fleming. I seem to remember that Auric Goldfinger says it to Bond, describing it as a saying used in Chicago by the famous gangster Al Capone. It's also on the inside front page of the book. I'm not sure if the line is used in the movie of the same name. Proto t c 15:14, 10 January 2006 (UTC)

Role-play PW[edit]

What does PW stand for in computer role-play game parlance? -- SGBailey 11:57, 10 January 2006 (UTC)

It means "Persistent world". --Canley 13:39, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
I suppose the general computer meaning, PassWord, could also apply here. StuRat 06:52, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

measurement in teaching/definition of standardised achievement test[edit]

Do you mean SAT? See that article. СПУТНИКССС Р 13:25, 10 January 2006 (UTC)

Earliest colour film?[edit]

What was the earliest colour film made? (7121989 13:29, 10 January 2006 (UTC))

See the article Color photography. Unless you meant the first colour movie, in which case see Film. --Canley 13:44, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
Thank you
  • I can't remember a specific title, but somewhere in the back of my mind I seem to remember the year 1926 which appears to fit with the Film article's description of the introduction of color in films. - Mgm|(talk) 21:23, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
  • Methinks not. A search of imdb comes up with 234 color films made between 1890 and 1920. Go to, click on "power search" on the left, in Section 2 under "Color" choose "Color", under "Year" choose "1890" - "1920". I can find seventeen between 1890 and 1900. Now, I know some of those were probably hand-tinted ... User:Zoe|(talk) 22:56, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
  • Looks like all but two of those 1890s films were hand-painted, the two not listed as such are French - Jules Moy and Mariette Sully. User:Zoe|(talk) 22:59, 10 January 2006 (UTC)

I think the The Wizard of Oz (1939 film) might be one of the earliest major movies with real color, although there were certainly smaller films with color far before that. As for photography, their was a Russian photographer, Prokudin-Gorskii who took 3 pictures of each scene, with different color filters on each, in Tsarist Russia. In recent times those sets of images were each reassambled into a single high quality color photograph. StuRat 06:40, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

The 1935 film Becky Sharp [22] is considered the first full length technicolour film. Bonus points to whoever knows which former US First Lady appeared in this film. --Roisterer 11:11, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
I never would have guessed her. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 11:33, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

Is there a technical term for the event horizon of a sneeze?[edit]

And if there isn't, can we invent one? Kid Apathy 15:01, 10 January 2006 (UTC)

I have one! Sternuofinitor! Kid Apathy 15:10, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
I would think it would just be called the range. This is an important thing to know if you want to avoid catching the flu this winter. StuRat 06:30, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Good point. I once read that the range isn't too great. If you're sitting opposite someone in a train that distance should be safe. But I now realise that someone who sneezes flexes forward (is that good English?). And this may very well be the reason for that (from the flu's point of view, that is).
By the way, the event horizon of a sneeze would be where nothing escapes it anymore. It would make more sense to speak of the event horizon of taking a deep breath. :) DirkvdM 08:17, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
I've heard the range is quite long, say 20 feet, since light droplets of snot and saliva can stay aloft for quite a while. It's a good idea to avoid this "sneeze zone" for a few minutes until everything settles down. You could still touch a saliva drop on a surface, but that's less likely to infect you than inhaling it. StuRat 10:44, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
No, I mean like the point where you can't stop a sneeze coming. I can never reach that point, even when I have a cold. It's super irritating. (this is Kid, btw) 11:06, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Hmm, "point of no return", "tipping point", or "critical mass" might be better terms for that. I wonder if you have other weak involuntary responses, like the vomit response. On the plus side, I'll bet you don't get hiccups, which is a malfunction of this involuntary response system. StuRat 11:49, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Oh, that's annoying. A good sneeze is as good as an orgasm (well, close, anyway). We've already had two threads about a trick to get a sneeze going. Looking up into the sun or even a lightbulb can help. For me, after a while, just looking up sufficed. And now I only need to think about it. It's psychosomatic or something, I suppose. See also Photic sneeze reflex. DirkvdM 09:23, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

Problem with PSP[edit]

i have a psp and i was exiting the game star wars battlefront II after it crashed, so i pressed 'home' and then 'yes' to exit to the 'home' but now it just says 'please wait' with a grey screen i can't switch it off either what can do?

Aren't PSPs notorious for breaking? Just like Xbox 360s. Stupid screwy breaking things. Kid Apathy 15:31, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
That really isn't an answer to a question, Kid Apathy. Perhaps you could find another area of Wikipedia where you would be able to be more constructive. Try pulling the battery out and putting it back in. If it's still broken, you may have damaged the flash memory, so you may want to call the Technical Support line listed in the documentation for your country, and cross your fingers that your PSP is still under warranty. Proto t c 15:35, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
No real need to jump down my neck like that. Kid Apathy 15:37, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
Sigh. See your talk page. Proto t c 15:55, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
Thank you
I think being told that a product is prone to breakdown would be useful info. This makes it more likely that it is broken beyond repair and needs to be replaced, which is one possible legitimate answer. And I don't mind going a bit off subject on occasion myself, like "what's with those PSP ads that say 'It's like portable cheese you can listen to'. How many video games do you have to play for this type of ad to make sense to you ?" StuRat 06:25, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
We had a PSP in the Netherlands too, but they went green and left. DirkvdM 08:19, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
You probobly could call Sony's technical support line and ask them, yourself, it's probobly still under waranty. Deathawk 15:36, 14 January 2006 (UTC)

New York City block -- average size[edit]

What are the dimensions (in feet) of an average New York City block?

Uhm... if I knew the number of blocks in NY, then I could figure it out. But I can't find that out anywhere. It's pretty difficult to define a "block", if NYC is anything like London. There are 26537.216828478964401294498381877 people per square mile in NYC, though. I think. (This is my attempt at a useful answer.) Kid Apathy 16:52, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
I Googled "new york city block length" and found: 20 uptown/downtown blocks and 10 crosstown blocks equal approximately one mile. That puts the average downtown Manhattan block at about 530 ft by 260 ft. Also, Kid, please respect WP:POINT. Population density to 30 significant figures is patently useless. — Lomn | Talk / RfC 19:59, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
The streets are about 250 ft apart and the avenues vary but are about 2 to 3 times further apart than the streets. hydnjo talk 20:08, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
That given population density is off by several orders of magnitudes. Keep in mind NYC has millions of residents while its total area is measured in square miles in the single digits. --Cyde Weys votetalk 05:25, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Our article puts it at 309 square miles, with a pop of 8.2 million, which is how Kid Apathy got his correct, if excessively accurate, answer. StuRat 06:11, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

Kid Apathy, check Significant figures deeptrivia (talk) 05:51, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

My fav sig digits joke:
Kid: "Hey mister, how old is that dinosaur skeleton ?"
Security guard: "200,000,007 years old"
Kid: "How do you know so exactly ?"
Security guard: "Well, it was 200,000,000 years old when I started working here 7 years ago, so..."
My fav significant digits usage: I've seen products in the store, with expiration dates several months away, which specify not only the year, month, and day, but also the hour and minute the product expires. I am contemplating writing them a letter criticizing their negligence at failing to include seconds, LOL. StuRat 06:16, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

(I was writing this simultaneously and had an edit conflict. I'll post it anyway; apologies for the partial duplication.)

According to New York City, the city's population is 8.2 million and the area is 309 square miles (which is not in single digits). But these aren't exact numbers; the population is probably being rounded to the nearest 0.1 million and the area to the nearest square mile. There is no point in giving the population density to any greater accuracy: all you can say is that it's about 26,500, and the "5" is questionable. (There are more precise ways to express the uncertainty, of course.)

And then it's even worse than that. I was suspicious about that 309 square miles because it converts to exactly 800 km²; I wondered if someone had started with a metric figure to the nearest 100 km² and converted it with spurious accuracy. So I did some web searching and found that Wikipedia's New York metropolitan area article, as well as the Encarta and Information Please web sites, agree on an area of 303 square miles for the city. (Encarta gives areas of individual boroughs to one decimal place in some cases, too, and the five areas as given total 303.3 square miles.) But the city's official web site gives the area as 321 square miles, and some other sites show that number too. So we can say at least that the 309 is not necessarily accurate to the nearest square mile.

When people say "New York City", sometimes they mean the Borough of Manhattan alone. The original poster's reference to blocks suggests that that was the intended meaning. Likewise for the answers by Lomn and Hydnjo. Blocks in the other boroughs are a good deal more varied. Manhattan has an area of only 23 square miles (still not single digits, but getting there) and a population of over 1.5 million; its population density is around 70,000 per square mile.

--Anonymous, 06:30 UTC, January 11, 2006.

  • cries* I was trying to help. Kid Apathy 11:10, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

asking how old is a site in NE Ohio[edit]

I have found a site in ohio that has untouched fossil remains of plants and small living items of long ago. I plan a site draft soon. Now my question is how do i find out how old this this region in north east Ohio is? Is there a site I can go to.

Thank you for any and all help Mike from Ohio

Here is a start: geological maps of Ohio [23]. I am assuming you know how to match up geological era with typical fossils. alteripse 17:58, 10 January 2006 (UTC)

  • If you think the site is potentially of any scientific interest, I strongly suggest you contact Ohio State University and tell them about your find. An uninformed amateur excavation could seriously damage the paleontological record and deprive from human understanding rare remains that have been preserved for millions of years. If they do find anything interesting there, by the way, you'll be first in line to have a species named after you.--Pharos 00:05, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
  • You'd better hope they don't name a parasitic worm that lives in the human rectum after you. StuRat 10:39, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

I think you should revise your question to "how old is this site at a depth of ...". You could mean the surface, or a depth of zero, or some other depth. Typically, but not always, the deeper you go, the older you go. StuRat 06:05, 11 January 2006 (UTC)



Why do you want to live in a freight container? --Optichan 18:30, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
From the top of this page:Be courteous - questions are answered by humans, not computers. This is not a search engine. Leaving a quick "Thank you" note if you found an answer useful would be polite. Don't write in ALL CAPITAL LETTERS.
As for your question, take a look at Containerization and Shipping Container Architecture. Also, this and that for external links. hydnjo talk 19:12, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
I believe temperature control will be a problem. They are not well insulated, so tend to get very cold at night in winter and very hot during the days in the summer. Perhaps there are insulated shipping containers, but those might be harder to obtain. Some type of spray-on foam insulation might be the easiest way to improve the situation, but certainly won't look very appealing. You could put some sheet rock up to give it a nice homey look inside, I suppose, maybe along with a suspended ceiling and linoleum floor. The outside will tend to rust over time, but it will be many years before the rust perforates to the interior. Still, it could look quite hideous with rust stains on the sides. A nice brick wall around the shipping container would improve the looks immensely and also help the insulation. StuRat 06:56, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
I didn't read the question because I abhor shouting.
Might this reply be made into a template? DirkvdM 08:22, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Done, Dirk. {{User:Cernen/Template:nocapsplz|~~~~}} generates: . Cernen Xanthine Katrena 10:43, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Thanks. That's quite a bit stronger than what I wrote. Actually, I wonder if we're allowed to do this. Of course we could just post the message and not actually delete, but I don't like making loose threats. Let's see what happens. :) DirkvdM 09:36, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

Looking for celebrated birth anniversary date of Guru Nanak in the year 1970.[edit]

I've been looking for calendars of the year 1970 to check on which date in that year Guru Nanak's birthday anniversary was celebrated. Please let me know if such calendars or references exist.

Thanks for the help.

Neelu P.

If you check 1970 you see that it was a Common year starting on Thursday. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 21:10, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
It falls on the full moon day of the Kaartika month. Maybe this information will help someone find it for you. deeptrivia (talk) 05:49, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

Taxes and social security number[edit]

I am an employer who has several general contractors. I recently was told that one of my contractors gave me the wrong social security number for his form 1099. Does he have to pay income for his mistake or can he get away with not reporting the 1099 back? Is there any negative effect on me for reporting the wrong ss# on his form?

While I can't answer your question directly I would suggest that you be upfront with your tax department about what happened. At the same time notify the contractor that you are going to advise the tax people. If you don't inform the tax department and then they find out they might wonder what else you have been doing, even if it's all above board. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 21:30, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
If this was a Form 1099 for the year 2005, and you know the correct social security number for the payee, the Form 1099 instructions explain how to correct the error. [24] If you don't know the person's actual SSN, things will be more complicated; contact an attorney. This is not intended as legal advice. You should make an effort to correct the error, particularly if the SSN belongs to somebody else; if the error is not corrected, the IRS will treat the actual holder of that SSN as having received the income and tax them accordingly. --Metropolitan90 02:30, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Yes he has to report the income correctly and pay any tax due. There's not likely any liability to you for the initial error, but there could be if you don't fix it now that you've found out. - Taxman Talk 16:58, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Wikipedia Servers[edit]

What's the address of the (Florida) building that contains the Wikipedia servers? I'd like to find it on Google Earth, but I can't find the address. smurrayinchester(User), (Talk) 21:28, 10 January 2006 (UTC) Laser-painting the building of the Wikipedia servers for an airstrike is not allowed. But, if you need the address...well, it's a secret the Cabal doesn't want you to know about. (The building, however, is in Tampa; perhaps a cursory search of the phone book will give you what you're looking for?) Cernen Xanthine Katrena 10:40, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

Curses! My plan is ruined! Digruntled Britannica Employee 15:07, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
I've found it anyway. There seem to be two, a couple of miles apart, here and here. smurrayinchester(User), (Talk) 15:14, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Aren't the servers themselves in a colocation centre? —Charles P. (Mirv) 15:18, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
(answering myself) Yes they are, and to the best of my knowledge it is somewhere near here: [25]Charles P. (Mirv) 16:11, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

Huh, I thought they were in St. Petersburg, on the opposite shore of Tampa Bay (that's cool if they are in Tampa though, I happen to have been born in Tampa and would be honored to hail from the same city as Wikipedia). Yeltensic42.618 don't panic 23:38, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

Well, this says Tampa. But it does say in large letters "Do not rely on any information on this page being up-to-date or correct". style="color:#00AA77">inchester(User), (Talk) 14:39, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Apparently, 412 East Madison Street Suite 1100 Tampa, Florida 33602, according to [26]. Night Gyr 09:34, 14 January 2006 (UTC)[edit]

How do you give somebody neopoints on neopets? I was told there was a way...

Try Neopets. O_o Cernen Xanthine Katrena 22:32, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
As far as I know, no way to give actual Neopoints. I've been looking for months. However, check the Help guides on the site. (In all honesty, hat was the first place you should've looked!) --JB Adder | Talk 23:30, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
There's no way to do it that I can think of without exchanging items as well. For instance, you could buy something from that person's shop. You could also theoretically do it through the trading post. Have that person put an item up for trade, and offer to trade him/her a junk item and np. Hbackman 01:11, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

Drum Magazine[edit]

What exactly is a drum magazine for the smg (submachine gun)?

A drum magazine is a magazine that looks like a drum.  :-P I don't know if any modern guns use one but the old "Tommy guns" used them. It was as if you took a very long magazine and started rolling it up like a blanket so that it had a round appearance. And for some reason, we don't have an article on them... A google image search turned up this picture and this picture. Dismas|(talk) 22:52, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
Actually, there are some modern refinements and derivatives, the Beta-C Mag is one. It's a double drum that fits standard NATO .223, 7.62x51 or 9mm mag slots. Drum mags aren't very common these days because of the added complexity and weight compared to using a straight mag or a belt feed in a bag. They're harder to load and harder to tuck away in a convienent pocket. Night Gyr 09:25, 14 January 2006 (UTC)

Historical World Population[edit]

If we look at the world population since the first human being existed until actual times, are there more people dead (that have died since the first human being until now) or alive today (the 6.7+ Billion people that exists today).

In other words... Which is true?: Population Alive Today > Population that have died since the first human being that existed. Or the contrary?

Thanks, Raul Dominican Republic

  • It's usually estimated that there have been (very roughly) 100 billion members of Homo sapiens over the course of the species' approx. 100,000-year history. Of course, for the vast majority of that long epoch, the population was much smaller than it is today; it is their endurance that gives the prehistoric population its census advantage.--Pharos 23:47, 10 January 2006 (UTC)
*Are humans (alive today) > (total dead)? Is this your question (please respond in some way). hydnjo talk 03:21, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
So, roughly 7 percent as many people are alive now as are dead. For people who believe in ghosts, this would mean the Earth would be clogged with them. And, if they stay where they lived or died, ancient cities with large historic populations, like Rome and Baghdad, would be even more crowded, so crowded you couldn't take a step without walking through one. Only places never much inhabited, like Antarctica, would be sparsely populated with ghosts. StuRat 04:20, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Well, since this is obviously the silly season: those who believe in ghosts are quite likely to also believe in reincarnation. It is said a spirit is reincarnated many, many times into different bodies. So there are probably far, far fewer ghosts than c. 93 billion. Possibly only about 1 billion (but that's as scientific a guess as I can manage today, sorry). JackofOz 07:14, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
All of the reincarnation beliefs that I am familiar with are at odds with the existence of ghosts. After a being has successfully passed through the highest level of reincarnation, said being either starts over again or dissolves into the universal spirit. WAvegetarian (talk) (email) (contribs) 08:32, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
That's cruel. After a few billion years you've finally worked your way up from microbe to enlightenment and then you have to start all over again? Or can microbes also be enlightened? DirkvdM 08:37, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

January 11[edit]

Most Educated Person[edit]

Who, living or dead, has received the most master's/doctorate degrees? —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talkcontribs)

Do you mean to include honorary degrees granted to esteemed personalities or only those earned (by scholarship) degrees? hydnjo talk 03:31, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
I mean only those earned.
I only asked that question to stall for time and I'm still stumped :-( --hydnjo talk 21:18, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
I'm guessing Francis Nigel Lee, but be warned, googling suggests that all those with more than five or six doctorates have earned most of them in religion-oriented subjects. I will refrain from comments about the relative ease with which one can earn degrees in fairy tales. —James S. 22:41, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Nice use of paralipsis! —Keenan Pepper 01:57, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
I can't refrain from adding this : "His wife Nellie is in Fulltime Christian Service as a godly Homemaker." Aw, bless. Natgoo 23:10, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Erasmus is sometimes credited as the last man to know everything. After that the sphere of human knowledge became too large. He obviously didn't have the internut. MeltBanana 02:38, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

linseed oil[edit]

is linseed oil hazardous to animals also linseed oil mixed with motor oil and turpentine. is this mixture hazardous to animals helen

I don't know about pure linseed oil, but that mixture would certainly be harmful if they consumed it. StuRat 04:14, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Linseed oil isn't toxic by ingestion, although I for one wouldn't drink it. (I suspect it may give you diarrhea, as can any oil in enough quantity). Motor oil isn't terribly toxic either, but again, I wouldn't drink it. Turpentine is toxic and dangerous to ingest, to inhale and in skin contact. So the mixture would be dangerous. An additional warning: Linseed oil oxidizes in air, and rags soaked in it are known to self-ignite and start a fire, especially if they're put in a confined space where the heat of oxidation cannot escape. Wash them with water before disposing of them. --BluePlatypus 05:17, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
A distinction should be made between new motor oil, which should be safe except for some additives which might be toxic, and used motor oil, which is likely to contain a soup of toxic chemicals. StuRat 05:44, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Rather surprisingly, Wikipedia has an article on Linseed oil, where it is pointed out that what is sold as boiled linseed oil is inedible. That means it is hazardous to animals. Words like "kidney failure" in the article on turpentine also indicates that it can be hazardous to animals. Chris the speller 04:24, 16 January 2006 (UTC)


why does the earth rotate? —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talkcontribs)

And you're convinced that the earth rotates because? hydnjo talk 04:14, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Aristotle told me so. --BluePlatypus 05:39, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Did he? I doubt that! Greeks hardly knew a thing about it. deeptrivia (talk) 05:45, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Not knowing anything about it never stopped the ancient Greeks! --BluePlatypus 22:33, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Because of the Foucault pendulum. Chuck 20:10, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

The Earth roates now because it has since it was formed and "an object in motion (rotational, in this case) stays in motion unless another force acts upon it". It formed from a rotating cloud due to the solar system's rotation. The solar system's rotation is due to the Milky Way galaxy's rotation, which is due to an uneven distribution of mass following the Big Bang. Now, what caused that, we don't know. StuRat 05:48, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

Most planets rotate in the direction in which they evolve around the Sun. You'd think that if the initial rotating disk was faster at the centre that at the rim that would be the other way around. But I recently heard (if I remember correctly) that galaxies rotate faster at the rim. Which is counterintuitive, although I can't really say why. Maybe I'm used to the driving force of a rotating disk being at the centre (as in human engineering) and there being friction at the rim. But that doesn't apply here. Still, I see no reason why it is the way it is. DirkvdM 08:47, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Yea. galaxies are weird. They don't seem to behave the way one would expect. This is an argument for hidden matter and forces. StuRat 10:34, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

What is that droning sound one hears when one is surrounded by complete silence?[edit]

That high-pitched sound you can hear when you're at home and everything is completely silent.--Fito 04:35, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

  • I know exactly what you mean. Composer John Cage had a similar experience. Cage went to a soundproof room, but heard two drones. An engineer told him the high drone was his nervous system operating, while the low one was his blood flowing. Sadly, the engineer probably wasn't right. (See 4'33" for the rest of the fascinating story.) I don't think anyone's sure, though it may be a mild case of tinnitus. Deltabeignet 04:55, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
  • Like in Simon and Garfunkel's The Sound of Silence? Nah, I know what you mean, I hear it too sometimes. It's not high-pitched (for me) but more like an ocean's wave roar. I thought I was the only one! hydnjo talk 04:57, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

For what it's worth when I am in complete silence I am actually in complete silence, and I suspect it is this way for at least some other people out there too. Sad to say, your hearing is probably defective; most likely it is tinnitus. --Cyde Weys votetalk 05:23, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

I hear it too. I think there may be "background noises", like mild breezes rustling dust around, that are below the level of perception normally, but become audible when everyday sounds are removed. StuRat 05:37, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Tinnitus may be part of the answer. But even for people with no tinnitus, when in complete external silence (which assumes the person is at complete rest) they can still hear some of their own internal processes such as heart beat, blood flow through the ears, etc. To that degree, there probably is no such thing, for a sentient being with hearing, as "complete silence". JackofOz 05:55, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Probably not what you meant, but I sometimes hear a very high pitch (at the very top of my hearing range) that suddenly sets in and then dies away in a few seconds. I've always assumed that that is my hearing deteriorating (as is normal as one gets older) by a hair cell dying on me. DirkvdM 08:53, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
No, that's a nerve dying, just as you thought, and you can hear those even at normal noise levels. It is odd that it's always a high pitched one, why don't bass nerves die like that ? StuRat 10:20, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
If you only hear it at home it could be the cooling fans present inside so many electrical appliances. Or other electrical effects (e.g. some kinds of lighting may make a noise). Boy is it quiet here when there is a power cut. Notinasnaid 10:03, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

I had an interesting silence related experience once....I was doing the laundry, had both the washer and dryer going, and the A/C and also had the TV and several lights on, then I found a pill bug/rolly-polly/armadillo bug on the wall. I flushed it down the toilet, and right as it disappeared the house went dark and silent. Before I figure out it was the fuse I thought, "oh damn, that bug must have been God, and now I've gone and destroyed the universe." StuRat 10:27, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

Possibly the "complete silence" you are hearing is not really silence at all. You may be hearing stuff that you normally tune out. Also silence in your house is louder than silence when you are 100 miles away from any other person out on the tundra. To actually do that is to really "hear silence". CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 21:16, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

I would think that there's some wind on the tundra. For the best example of places to go to "hear" absolute silence, I'd suggest a cave. Deepest you can find. No wind and any noise from the outside world would be dampened to nothing by the surrounding dirt/rock. Dismas|(talk) 21:23, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
I did mean on a calm day. It's a very strange experience. I just thought that possibly the house sound may be releated to the sound you hear when you put a seashell to your ear and would not a cave have the same effect? It may well be that the only place you could find a complete absence of noise is in a specially designed room. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 12:08, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

Some cathode ray tubes can emit a high pitched sound, probably a sub-resonance of the horizontal scan rate (the actual scan rate is well above our hearing range.) You might find it goes away if you turn off all televisions and computer monitors in your house. Hearing decays with age; I used to be able to hear a television a room away, but no longer. Sdedeo (tips) 23:59, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

I hear it too. I've heard that males loose high-pitched hearing first, and woman loose low-pitched hearing first. It might have something to do with it, being that males hear high-pitched and females low, or vise versa, so on... --Anonymous

Car Restoration[edit]

Hi, can you help me locate article regarding car retoration tips ? Iam a amateaur or new in car restoration that needs help. I will be glad to receive any article on the said topics. topics like rust prevention or convertion , best way to remove rust , how to clean metals , etc. thanks210.213.163.179 04:55, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

You must decide what type of restoration you want to do. Some don't care a bit about the "historic" value of the car, and just want to tear out all the old junk and get a decent car out of the deal. Others are so extreme about keeping everything "original" that they keep unsafe features (like a lack of seat belts) and unsightly features (like oxidized, ugly old paint). Most restorers are somewhere in-between on this continuum. StuRat 05:40, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

Cooking oil[edit]

Why does boiling oil pop? -Tim Rhymeless (Er...let's shimmy) 08:26, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

Pure oil doesn't. The "pop" is from water boiling in the oil. When the water turns to steam it rushes to the top pushing oil along with it. It can be sudden and explosive giving the audible "pop".WAvegetarian (talk) (email) (contribs) 08:41, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

relationship bitween ships price and tonnage[edit]

hi please send me any kind information about relationship bitween ships price and tonnage like as text, graph,news etc. thanks

What do you mean by "ship's price"? Construction cost positively correlates strongly with tonnage. Shipping costs would tend to have a weak positive correlation, though there's generally little direct competition between very large and very small cargo ships. Passage costs would have no correlation to tonnage. — Lomn | Talk / RfC 14:35, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Could you read through tonnage and say if you mean the amount of cargo it can hold or the actual size of a ship. A ship of the type used in the America's Cup or an executive vessel as used by the stereotypical Greek shipping magnate is going to be very expensive for it's size. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 15:55, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

Lawsuits against Wikipedia[edit]

Hi, I was just wondering if there have been any lawsuits against Wikipedia for any reason. So, have there been? 14:18, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

There have been innumerable threats to sue Wikipedia, its editors, and the Wikimedia Foundation. None of them, as far as I know, have ever made it to court. Someday one will. Libel (think Seigenthaler) and copyright infringement seem the most likely grounds. —Charles P. (Mirv) 15:13, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
This is why we have No legal threats. smurrayinchester(User), (Talk) 15:15, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
And demand that editers cite sources TomStar81 17:55, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
And' ask that our editors not be dicks. Cernen Xanthine Katrena 20:00, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Before reading above links, my first reaction is "we don't sell anything". It's all for free, for you to use. If you don't like it, don't use it. Your decision, not ours. As for the copyrights, this is not a book. It's a place where people can dump their knowledge. If that is copyrighted info, then who would you sue? The owners of the hardware (whoever they are)? They just provide a service, not the info. If I transmit copyrighted info over the internet, could my ISP be sued for that? This is entirely new ground that laws have not been devised for and I don't know a solution either. Well, I do, but it's rather radical. People would start calling me a communist. (oh dear....). DirkvdM 19:28, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
It's not that new. Wikipedia is subject to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, which outlines ways for demanding the takedown of copyrighted material online. The owners of the hardware are the Wikimedia Foundation, who are also the owners of Wikipedia. --Fastfission 15:31, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
The is this site: - Akamad 19:45, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Have you read this site? It does not read like it was written by someone who knows what he or she is doing. Here's a sentence from the introductory paragraph: "The system is full of problems and these are intentional in design and purposeful in their intent; to cause harm, to permit and encourage a system of anonymous libel and we submit, the result of Wales' deep-seated upset with ridicule he suffered the result of his porn business; something like the way that Richard Desmond acts because he has never quite been accepted into 'society' because of his King of Porn history. Similarly, Wales uses Wikipedia to libel and 'get back' of those he doesn't like..."
"his...upset with ridicule?" "he suffered the result of his porn buisness?" "something like the way that?" "uses Wikipedia to 'get back" of those he doesn't like?" Who the heck wrote this thing, my nine-year-old nephew? Mitchell k dwyer 19:53, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Followup. I ran a WHOIS on the site and then googled the registrant. Turns out I'm not the first person to do so--this thing's all over the web. The registrant, Jennifer Monroe, is also the registrant of QuakeAID's website. It's kind of an amusing saga. Mitchell k dwyer 20:22, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
LOL. If anyone is guilty of libel and copyright infringement it's them, though I doubt if this is really meant seriously. :)
I find it wonderfully ironic that they accuse of Wikipedia being sourceless, inaccurate and hateful how? By being sourceless, inaccurate and hateful. smurrayinchester(User), (Talk) 16:05, 12 January 2006 (UTC)
Still, I wonder who can be said to be the owners. Wikipedia runs on gifts and the ones who use that money to buy hardware simply provide a service. They don't own the stuff. To stress this point, could they at one point say, ok this is a nice set of hardware. Let's sell it and retire. If they could not legally do that, they're not the owners, are they? So neither the info nor the hardware is owned by anyone. DirkvdM 19:54, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Don't forget Jeff Merkey. Anyone who dares edit his article seems to get threated with legal action and ends up on his hate page.
  • That site is completely nonsensical. I stopped reading after finding the sentence you cited. "The system is full of problems and these are intentional in design and purposeful in their intent; to cause harm, to permit and encourage a system of anonymous libel". We encourage citation of sources and work to remove any libel we are told about and we also encourage friendly discussion and concensus building. Nothing is designed to cause harm, so they clearly have some issues. - Mgm|(talk) 10:12, 12 January 2006 (UTC)
Time to update: see Tron (hacker) aka Boris Floricic. Elle vécut heureuse à jamais (Be eudaimonic!) 20:54, 14 January 2006 (UTC)

dumb blonde jokes[edit]

What is the origin of dumb blonde jokes? When did they originate? Where? By whom?

The origin is most likely linked to the stereotype of the dumb blonde. And as with any stereotype, jokes get made about it. Every race and ethnicity and etc. has a stereotype which seems to have a joke about it, so why not blondes? Dismas|(talk) 19:30, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
In that case, why aren't there any brunette jokes? --Shantavira 19:44, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Okay, "Most every race, ethnicity, etc...." Dismas|(talk) 19:52, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
The Blond article says that "Caucasian babies are generally born with the slightest wisp of fair hair". In the next section it goes on to say "Some research suggests that fair hair, being characteristic of young children, evokes parent-like feelings of affection and protection in others. This association with children may also be the cause of the common Western stereotype of blonde women as being unintelligent..." In other words we associate blond hair with child like behaviour. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 21:06, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Any blonde joke can be told as a brunette joke. For instance: Why are blonde jokes usually short? So brunettes can remember them. --WAvegetarian (talk) (email) (contribs) 22:11, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
I have one. It's about blondes too, though.
  • Why did God create blondes?
  • The sheep couldn't fetch beer in the fridge!
  • Then, why did God create brunettes?
  • Neither could the blondes...
My guess is that there was a fad for women to dye their hair blonde at some point in the 20th Century (most likely the 1940s or 1950s). Combine that with a single hugely popular example of the stereotypical "ditzy blonde" (think Marilyn Monroe or any of a number of early 1950s tv stars), and the emergence of the jokes became almost inevitable. --Aaron 22:17, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

17-pack of chewing gum?[edit]

Why does gum come in 17-packs? Most items come in 6- or 10- or 12-packs, and 17 seems like such an arbitrary number. I searched the recent archives for this (obvious) question already, but couldn't find a place where it was asked. Tigger89 18:43, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

Maybe it makes the pack up to a particular weight, or particular dimension, that is popular with retailers: standard sizes make shelf stacking easier. Notinasnaid 18:47, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Or it could be that this was the largest that the particular machinery in use at the factories when this size was introduced could handle. (I have a 17-pack here and I note that the dimension through the 17 sticks is exactly 4 cm. Coincidence? Could be.) Another reason odd sizes happen is that the makers start with a round-number size, then decide to manipulate the market by enlarging or reducing it a bit. They might start with a 20-pack, then decide to raise the price by keeping the price the same and reducing it to 18, then 17 sticks. Or conversely they might start with 15, then say "now 2 extra sticks" to produce a temporary price reduction, then later raise the price to match. This sort of thing goes on all the time with all sorts of products, although I'm not aware of any earlier size of 17-packs of gum. --Anonymous, 21:25 UTC, January 11.
This is pure conjecture on my part, but these days most manufacturers engage in a lot of research to determine just what size/amount of a given product at a given price will result in maximum profits for the company. For example (and I'm just making these numbers up for the sake of argument), if you sell a bottle of Coca-Cola for 99 cents, it may prove to be more beneficial for Coke to make that bottle contain 20 oz. of liquid instead of 16 oz., because otherwise consumers may think they're not getting their money's worth. A million variables can go into this sort of thing; here in the U.S., Coke is sold in 8 oz. bottles and cans, 12 oz. cans, 16 oz. glass bottles, 16.9 oz. plastic bottles, 20 oz. bottles, 1 liter bottles, 2 liter bottles ... and probably several other sizes I'm not aware of. In each case, Coke spends a huge amount of time researching precisely how to price each size to maximize sales. So what does this have to do with gum? Perhaps the 17-pack was a very early example of such research; it's possible Wrigley Gum experimented with an 18-pack and discovered it didn't increase sales, and that a 16-pack did cause a decrease in sales, thus the 17-pack was decided upon as the most profitable size for the price. --Aaron 21:51, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
This is also pure speculation on my part, but sometimes these sizes are dictated by the manufacturing or packaging process. For example, perhaps the strips of paper that make the individual wrappers for the sticks of gum divide easily in such a way that you can get seventeen wrappers from one unit of paper, or perhaps the gum itself dictates a convenient seventeen-stick unit, perhaps as a quarter of a pound, or one rotation of the machinery that processes the sticks. Mitchell k dwyer 03:11, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

Making Money[edit]

How can I make a lot of money with the least amount of work? I don't want to do anything illegal, and I don't want to work too hard because I am lazy. I also have no money to start with so I can't have other people do the work for me. Is there a get rich scheme that really works? Is there anyone with a little money to spare that may feel sorry for me? Also, does anyone know the contact info for Donald Trump or Bill Gates? Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thanks!

Alright, I'll point out the obvious. What do you think someone who knew would do with that knowledge? Tell you? DirkvdM 19:22, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Get rich schemes are scams that only work for the people who take money from you. Find something you feel really enthusiatic about, preferably in a growth industry. That will at least snap you out of your laziness. --Shantavira 19:48, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Well, strictly speaking there's one exception. Marry a rich person. That takes only a little work, but a lot of luck :) --Ornil 22:27, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
All you need is a dollar and a dream. --Aaron 21:40, 11 January 2006 (UTC)

Sales jobs can earn you a lot of money with very little work. The trick is, you need to have a certain personality type to do it. You need to treat everyone like your best friend then rip these "friends" off at the first opportunity. If this is you, then go into sales. StuRat 03:15, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

Gift economy. ;-) Elle vécu heureuse à jamais (Be eudaimonic!) 03:23, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

Have you considered prostitution? User:Zoe|(talk) 00:09, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Or Pornography, which is safer - I understand that they make hundreds of dollars (US) an hour. -- Pakaran 00:13, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
Women make more than men in the pornography trade. Men usually make maybe $100 where as the women can make several times that. Dismas|(talk) 02:27, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
Yeah, but that would be because they can't keep at it 8 hours a day. Well, at least the men (physically speaking, that is). Which is why also prostitutes and taxis are so expensive - they sit around doing nothing most of the time. And sports professionals, in a different way - they're 'used up' after a decade or two. Which makes me think. You could try darts. Maybe you're a natural. Practise for a few months and become a professional. If you can reach the world top there's good money to be made. And you can keep this up longer than most sports. And you can do the practising at home. It's hardly work. Drinking on the job helps. All you need to do is concentrate, for which you need to empty your mind. Sounds like your sort of thing. :) And mine, for that matter, but my mind isn't stable enough for it - I keep on distracting myself (believe me, I've tried and tried). DirkvdM 11:03, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

iTunes problem[edit]

i have a problem with iTunes right won't play my music. the bar doesn't even move when i hit 'play'; it just starts at 0:00 and won't continue. i don't have any sound throughout the rest of my computer either, but my speakers are in. but when i go to the control panel, it says it doesn't detect an audio device. is this why iTunes won't work? —Preceding unsigned comment added by Marak24 (talkcontribs)

Mac or Windows? --Aaron 22:18, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Probably Windows if they say Control Panel rather than System Preferences. A few more questions: can you get any other sounds out of your computer or is it just iTunes? Apple released a new version of iTunes yesterday, have you or have you not updated? --Canley 01:39, 12 January 2006 (UTC)
nope. still won't work as well as any other sound on the computer. windows media player will play video, but no audio. iTunes is still unresponsive... --Marak24
Have you checked the volume controls screen? See if anything is turned all the way down, or if anything is checked not to play sounds. User:Zoe|(talk) 00:10, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
The volume controls are normal; it doesn't have anything to do with that it think. it's probably by speakers or sound card. Marak24
Mmmm...most interesting. iTunes generally doesn't just not work. If you took music from a friend's computer, stuff that he bought, and try to use it on yours, it won't play at all; I had this problem when I signed up for .mac and had to get two ITMS accounts to work on one computer (a royal pain in the ass, mind you). That's probably why iTunes won't play. As for your "audio device" problem, that could mean a number of things. Your sound card could be shot for whatever reason, and depending on how old your computer is, finding a replacement might be difficult unless you try eBay. Windows might not have any drivers for it, and if that's the case, it's as simple as installing the drivers; of course, you'll have to either find out the manufacturer of your sound card, or find the disks that came with your computer. The best solution, however, is probably to reinstall Windows. (Be careful how you go about that, though; if you do it the wrong way, Windows will be generous enough to format your whole hard drive.) Cernen Xanthine Katrena 08:44, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
thanks, i'll try your advice! Marak24

Bike Tube[edit]

I was switching out the tube to my bike tire and then realized that I have a presta rim and only a shrader tube. I don't really want to bore out the presta to a shrader on the rim, so any suggestions of how I could ghetto rig a patch for my old presta tube with materials found in an ordinary dorm room? It's just a small hole. Thanks!! —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talkcontribs)

Ha ha, good joke. Next question! --Zeizmic 23:33, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
And this question is a joke because? hydnjo talk 23:43, 11 January 2006 (UTC)
Well, answer it then! --Zeizmic 00:13, 12 January 2006 (UTC)
No, I (we) don't understand, so from before, "this is a joke because?"hydnjo talk 02:28, 12 January 2006 (UTC)
I suppose you don't have any old tube lying around, or else you'd probably just use a piece of that, right? If you've got latex gloves (you know, the kind you use for housecleaning), you might try that with some rubber cement. I'm assuming you've patched holes before, but in case you haven't, get a nail file from somewhere and some rubber cement. Find the hole, rough up the surface with the nail file, cut out a small circle of rubber from an old tube, rough that up, apply rubber cement to both surfaces, then press together. This is probably not a long-term fix, but it'll get you to the bike shop. If you have no use for the Schroeder tube, which it sounds like you don't with the rims you've got, just use a piece of that. Mitchell k dwyer 03:05, 12 January 2006 (UTC)
Now that makes sense. I didn't understand the prior frivolous response as it didn't seem to get anything done. Thanks Mitchell k dwyer for your thoughtful reply, I'm sure it will be helpful to (if he checks back). hydnjo talk 05:08, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

January 12[edit]

What famous people were Scorpios?[edit]

The preceding unsigned header was added by (talk • contribs) .

We're not going to list them here. Just do a Google search for "famous scorpios". --Canley 00:38, 12 January 2006 (UTC)
Wikipedia is incredibly thorough on many things, but listing people by their star signs is not one of them. Sorry! — QuantumEleven | (talk) 13:04, 12 January 2006 (UTC)
Although, come to think of it, such a listing would be of a lot more interest/use than some of the stuff we do have. JackofOz 13:30, 12 January 2006 (UTC)
Many of the articles about Japanese people of note do in fact include their star signs. It seems to be of some importance there. Dismas|(talk) 16:25, 12 January 2006 (UTC)
Actually, we had such listings but they were deleted because they'd be enormous categories and redundant with looking up births by month. Night Gyr 08:50, 14 January 2006 (UTC)
Well, it would be a long list. Around 8-9% of all famous people are scorpios. Notinasnaid 12:34, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Sherlock Holmes' Dr. Watson played by Ian Fleming[edit]

I have two Sherlock Holmes movies from the 1930's staring Arthur Wontner in the title role where Ian Fleming is credited as playing Dr. Watson. I have found no documentation that the James Bond author did any acting. Is this some other "Ian Fleming"?

Movies: "The Triumph of Sherlock Holmes" (1934) and "Murder at the Baskervilles" (1937)

William Johnston

According to the Internet Movie Database, the Ian Fleming in those movies isn't the same one as the Ian Fleming of Bond fame. Although the latter seems to have had a cameo in "River Rivals" from 1967. (Never heard of it). --BluePlatypus 01:07, 12 January 2006 (UTC)
It is indeed a different Ian Fleming. See the Internet Movie Database - he was an Australian-born British actor. He played Watson in two other Sherlock Holmes films: "The Missing Rembrandt" (1932) and "Silver Blaze" (1937). --Canley 01:09, 12 January 2006 (UTC)
As to "River Rivals", I'd be inclined to suspect an error in the IMDB. Like Wikipedia, they rely largely on user-submitted data and therefore can be unreliable, particularly for less-well-known movies. Perhaps someone just picked the wrong Ian Fleming and the manager in charge of cast lists didn't notice. It seems particularly likely in view of the fact that Fleming the author died in 1964. --Anonymous, 07:10 UTC, January 12.
That's why it must've been an effective cameo! ;) Or it was the Dr Watson-Fleming. Either that or I suppose one must postulate the existance of yet another Ian Fleming. --BluePlatypus 13:45, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

The Exorcism of Emily Rose[edit]

Hello, I had a few questions about The Exorcism of Emily Rose. I was wondering who the demons were that posesed her and how significant they are.Thanks a million!! Zach 01:08, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

According to our article on Anneliese Michel (whose exorcism was the inspiration for the movie), she claimed to have been possessed by Lucifer, Cain, Judas Iscariot, Nero, Legion and Belial. Hitler dropped by too sometimes. David Sneek 08:28, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

Thanks! And what are the words that emily speeks when she says "I am the devil that dewlls within"? --Zach 20:18, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

song lyrics[edit]

Does anyone know a song that kinda has these lyrics?:

"I dont get no sleep, deep down inside. Buddha. That Funky Buddha."

then it goes to repeating the words:

"music music music music music music music music...."

for about 30 seconds.

The song is sung using a computer's voice, kind of like the Microsoft Sam voice. The song is a dance song. thanks-- 02:25, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

A quick search of AllMusic suggests that it could be Funky Buddha by Reel Two Real, available on the 1997 compilation House Mix, Vol. 1 (on Spg Records). --George 02:04, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Food service[edit]

As a supervisor in a restaurant,why is it important to keep colleagues infromed about your work and other issues that may affact them?

Buying/downloading episodes of radio show "Loveline"[edit]

I very much enjoy this show, but it was taken off the radio station that I used to listen to it on. Where can I check to see if it is available on any radio station in my area? Is there anywhere where I can legally buy or download episodes of it? I know that there are a few episodes available on filesharing programs, but the selection is extremely limited. Flea110 06:52, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

  • You can get some old best-of clips here. It seems you want the current shows, though, so that's not what you want. (But then again, with Adam Carolla gone, the show's no longer worth listening to, so maybe you should stick to the old stuff. :p) At any rate, some radio stations stream their content online, so I'd check the various stations that still do carry Loveline in other cities. Zafiroblue05 08:15, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

PS2 + Videogme release dates[edit]

Is there somewhere that has a list of the PS2, DS, etc games coming out in the next month or less, with their exact dates listed? I know places like IGN have dates, but I just need a list of everything coming out within the next month.

Try asking your local video games store, I'm sure they would be happy to assist. Proto t c 09:30, 12 January 2006 (UTC)
  • Try click on your platform of choice and check under "coming soon". Deathawk 01:52, 14 January 2006 (UTC)

How did General John Pershing get the name Black Jack?[edit]

This is discussed in the article on General John Pershing. David Sneek 10:55, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

Food service[edit]

please help me this question. As a supervisor in a restaurant,why is it important to keep colleagues infromed about my work and other issues that may affact them?

We can give you a common sense answer, but presumably your course materials discuss this question. The examiner almost certainly wants the answer in the textbook. --Robert Merkel 08:51, 12 January 2006 (UTC)
Excellent suggestion. You could also do this: Imagine you are one of your colleagues. Why would you want to know what your supervisor is up to? Why might it be helpful to you as someone following a leader, or just as someone following orders (no pun intended)? Mitchell k dwyer 09:07, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

Please don't double post. DirkvdM 09:57, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

DirkvdM! I believe it is time for another useless Reference Desk template!

Please do not post your questions more than once. We may not know the answer to your question, are still figuring it out, or are refusing to answer for one of the reasons stated at the top of this page. Asking us a second time will not likely get you your answer either, and almost guarantees you we will be ignoring you in the future. Your question may be deleted if you see this notice; you should reformat it to prevent this from happening.

Imagine working at a place where the employees are supposed to know important stuff by telepathy because no one ever tells them though any official channels. Further suppose that none of the employees can actually do telepathy, because the hiring department neglected to test for that skill, because the people who run the hiring department lack the telepathy to know that is a requirement of people being hired there. You'd be surprised how many work places the above is true for. Now imagine what could possibly go wrong as a result of this break down in communications and hiring practices.
  • Customers could get poisoned for example.
  • The store can run out of essential ingredients.
  • There can be mistakes made with the money.
  • Customers do not show up because the signage outside looks like the place is closed.
  • The place is left unlocked overnite, and some miscreant walks off with a lot of stuff they not entitled to.

Can you add to this list? User:AlMac|(talk) 10:49, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

Is this an answer to the question or a reaction to me? I don't see how it applies to either. DirkvdM 07:57, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

Reporting Fraudulent and Unethical practices from ISP's.[edit]

What agency would I use to report an ISP for charging me for services I never agreed to or signed up for. I cancelled my membership in June of 2005 and my bank account is still being drafted around $50.00 per month. I have all the documentation to prove their illegal actions, but I'm not sure which agency is the one that can help me. Any help in this matter would be greatly appreacited. I've tried to get the ISP to stop these charges and refund my money, but every time I contact them it's like talking to a zombie. I know there are lawsuits pending against them and for exactly the same complaints I have. I just need to know who to contact. Thank You, T. L. Smith

It does help if you tell where you are from. If you're from Sweden, try Swedish National Board for Consumer Complaints. TERdON 15:07, 12 January 2006 (UTC)
Well, somewhere with dollars I guess. Have you asked your bank to block the draft? I know in Australia it's recommended that when you have a direct debit/standing order that you cancel it with the provider and your bank as well. Doesn't help with the refund though. If you are in Australia, there is a Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman who probably would deal with this sort of matter. --Canley 22:31, 12 January 2006 (UTC)


How much money would it cost for 20 million t-shirts?

in those quantities, you're talking case-to-case deals, but it would be no more than the bulk price per t-shirt times 20 million. You'd also have to specify at what stage you're getting the t-shirts (immediately after manufacture or after printing). — Lomn Talk 16:12, 12 January 2006 (UTC)
I would think it would also depend on the quality of the shirt. Are you talking some thin cotton shirt that will last for a couple washings before only being suitable for washing your car or are you thinking of a heavier cotton that will take plenty of abuse and plenty of washings? I don't have an answer for you either way but with the question as stated, the answer could vary wildly. Dismas|(talk) 17:57, 12 January 2006 (UTC)
Also depends strongly on where you buy them. deeptrivia (talk) 20:57, 12 January 2006 (UTC)
Note: it would probably be considerably cheaper to buy a factory capable of producing the shirts, as such an order would amount to the same thing. Bethefawn 02:13, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
The only organizations that I could think of who would order T-shirts in such quantities are retail chains like Wal-Mart. But in any case you could get an upper bound on the cost by having a poke around on this site. It looks like plain T-shirts are available for about 1.45 USD; in the quantities you're talking about I'd reckon you could get them for under a dollar. --Robert Merkel 04:59, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Military Shops in foreign countries[edit]

What is the shop called where American troops stationed abroad can buy american goods?

the PX is a general-purpose store for military personnel on army bases stateside; I imagine terminology is unchanged elsewhere. — Lomn Talk 16:10, 12 January 2006 (UTC)
PX goes to a disambig page. The letters stand for Post Exchange. Army "bases" are usually called "posts" by Army personnel that's why it's Post Exchange instead of Base Exchange. Dismas|(talk) 18:02, 12 January 2006 (UTC)
Air Force installations are called "bases" and some Air Force people refer to their exchanges as BXes, for "Base Exchange."


(no question)

What about economics? Dismas|(talk) 18:03, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

Poem that was turned into a song[edit]

(no question)

Could you be more specific? Most songs are generally thought of as a form of poetry set to music. Dismas|(talk) 18:06, 12 January 2006 (UTC)
see also poem and songLomn Talk 18:06, 12 January 2006 (UTC)


can a snake, specifically a king cobra bite 3 people in a row with enough venom to kill all three? if so, what size would the snake need to be, or does that not really effect anything?

Well King Cobra says that the venom is weaker than other snakes. But it injects a large amount .2 fluid ounces (7 ml) and that can kill 20-30 people. So if you can find a site that indicates how much it carries at any one time then you would know if it could kill 3 people in a row. Also as long as it does not inject more than 2 ml a person then yes it could kill 3 in a row. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 22:43, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

whiptail lizzards[edit]

is it true that they reproduce without the need of a partner? I read in that they basicly clone themselves...I find this really weird, is it true?--Cosmic girl 20:14, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

See Teiidae it would appear they are parthenogenic, external links confirm here and here. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 22:05, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

The Ring Two[edit]

I was wondering what happened to the physiatrist that was talking to aiden in the hospital. Did she die? What did she inject in her neck? --Zach 20:22, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

She was supposed to have died from injecting air bubbles into her carotid artery. I was wondering why the pediatrics unit would leave syringes with needles in areas plainly accessible to young children. This is a really blatant safety violation. StuRat 10:49, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Russian word[edit]

what is a russian word translated into english that begins with yo?

Um. All words which start with yo in English have a Russian translation. Each such translation is therefore a Russian word translated into English that begins with yo. --Ornil 04:08, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
Don't worry, I think I know what you wanted. One example is "yolka", a transliteration of the Russian word for "fir tree". JackofOz 04:24, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
Does that mean yodel and yoga are Russian? DirkvdM 11:09, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
They are Russian words translated into English. --Optichan 19:01, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
You forgot the smiley. :) You are joking, aren't you? DirkvdM 08:28, 14 January 2006 (UTC)
Yeah, I'm joking. I'm also assuming Ornil was joking. --Optichan 21:05, 14 January 2006 (UTC)


why do humans have appendix

See Vermiform appendix CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 21:56, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

Ice block[edit]

Exploring random article I came across something where this effect:

was significant. Unfortunately I forget what it was, but I'm sure that there is a name for what these photos show --Fir0002 23:25, 12 January 2006 (UTC)

Ice spike MeltBanana 01:15, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
Better answer than my idea, which was to ask the person that uploaded the pictures. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 16:22, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

January 13[edit]


There are many references in the Federal tax code to incomes of at least $108.28 for members of the clergy. This is a very strange number, and I wonder where it came from. Does anyone know?

-- 00:49, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Which country, as many have a federal government. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 00:57, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
I think I remember seeing it in the context of US taxes. No idea where it came from, though... —Keenan Pepper 02:04, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
That is a seriously weird number. [28] shows its use. --jpgordon∇∆∇∆ 02:06, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
Perhaps it was previously $100 or some other round number, and then was adjusted for inflation. I know there are lots of similarly "weird" numbers in Canadian taxes for that reason. --Anonymous, 06:45 UTC, January 13, 2006
That seems to be the reason. See the Social Security Handbook, 1136.4. Calculating back using the U.S. inflation rates given here, it appears that it's inflation-adjusted from 2003. Lupo 09:03, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
That's boring and anticlimactic. —Keenan Pepper 13:18, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
For a concise definition of "church employee income" (to which this figure applies) see 2005 Instructions for Schedule SE (Form 1040) (2005): it does not apply to clergy in general. Lupo 09:08, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

U.S. Presidential Line of Succession[edit]

Why wasn't the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Included in the Presidential Line of Succession? The preceding unsigned comment was added by (talk • contribs) 21:48, January 12, 2006.

It's a Separation of powers issue. The Judicial branch is meant to interpret the law; if the Chief Justice were to be suddenly thrust into the presidency, he'd suddenly be part of making it. There's also the matter of experience; even the lowest-ranking people on the Presidential line of succession list have extensive experience working at the highest levels of the Executive branch; the Chief Justice usually has none at all, and if he does, it tends to have been many years in the past. --Aaron 03:21, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
In fact, there's some degree of concern with having members of the Legislative branch in the line of succession. Suppose that the government is obliterated to the point that the Secretary of the Interior becomes acting President. At that point, Congressional remnants could elect a new Speaker of the House, conceivably of a different party, who would then have precedence and supplant the acting President. — Lomn Talk 05:20, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
No, if the Secretary of the Interior were inaugurated, he or she would remain President even if some of the positions that would have had precedence are later filled. On your reasoning, the new President couldn't appoint a Secretary of State without instantly being ousted from office in favor of that new appointee. JamesMLane 07:31, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
I have perhaps not relayed the scenario exactly, but this problem (among others) is suggested in our article. — Lomn Talk 03:10, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
See, now this is the kind of stuff that belongs at the Reference Desk. Cernen Xanthine Katrena 10:40, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

cigarette smoking[edit]

Does anybody know what those long, wooden, hollow shafts that people would smoke a cigarette with are called. Rose uses one in Titanic when she's having lunch on the first day and her mom scolds her for smoking. It's basically a long, probably wooden, shaft. One puts the cigarette in one end and smokes through the other. They're typically seen with high-class women. Cruella De Ville uses one in the animated version of 101 Dalmations. If anybody knows what these things are called, it would help me a lot!!

They are rather non-imaginitively called cigarette holders. Dismas|(talk) 03:21, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Body Movement[edit]

Is it possible to dislocate your skull?

  • No, dislocation usually only happens with joints. If you were to dislocate your skull you'd break an important part of your skeleton, probably severing your spinal nerves. - 09:19, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
Note that the bones of the skull do have "joints" or articulations, but they're not designed to allow movement at all, so "dislocation" doesn't really apply. —Keenan Pepper 13:17, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
If you count the mandible as part of the skull, it is possible to dislocate it. Mirv 13:55, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Of course it is possible. Any bone connected to another bone by ligaments or muscles can be "dislocated" in the sense of the spatial relationship between the two bones being shifted to a physical force producing an abnormal configuration with stretching or tearing of the ligaments or muscles. The skull is articulated with the topmost vertebral body (C1). Dislocation of the skull with respect to C1 can occur with hanging or other traumatic injuries. If the spinal cord is injured as the bones shift, death can occur. alteripse 16:48, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

what happened the day i was born, september 27th 1990?[edit]

The Board of Visitors of Old Dominion University met in regular session on Thursday, September 27, 1990, at 1:00 PM at the Virginia Beach Graduate Center. Present were:

George Dragas, Jr., Rector Gene R. Carter, Sr. James K. Hall Gabriel Kavadias Beverley R. Lawler Arnold B. McKinnon Hugo A. Owens Jackson K. Parker J. Michael Pitchford H. B. Price III Sybil M. Walker Robert E. Washington William C. Wiley Brenda T. Williams

If you want a more useful answer, go to your local research library and ask the librarians about how to retrieve the contents of a newspaper from that date. We don't have anything specific listed on 1990, nor September 27. --Robert Merkel 04:49, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
You would do better to ask for newspapers from September 28, 1990, if you want to know what happened on September 27 -- although you might find both dates on the same reel of microfilm anyway. As well as public libraries, there are online resources such as the Toronto Star's Pages of the Past, too, but as far as I know they all cost money.
You might also want to try selecting the same two dates in Google Groups (using the "Return messages posted between" field in their advanced groups search form) to see what people were talking about in different Usenet newsgroups then. However, with many thousands of messages available in different newsgroups, you might have to search a while to find any related to anything of interest to you. Despite the word "newsgroups", most discussion on Usenet is not about current events, and it never has been.
Side comment: as someone old enough to have first encountered Usenet after I was a university graduate, I find it slightly mind-boggling to be suggesting to someone that they search for their own date of birth! In fact the Google Groups archive has postings going back to 1981, long before Google itself existed.
--Anonymous, 07:05 UTC, January 13.
This all comes from the New York Times archive -- 23:31, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Mobile Ringtones[edit]

Where can i get a free normal ringing ringtone? I prefer a traditional normal sounding tone.

There isn't a plain ringtone built into your phone? —Keenan Pepper 05:11, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
There should be an inbuilt one, as Keenan said but if you have accidently deleted this then you can create your own. Your phone's manual should tell you how to go about this.--Ali K 07:06, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
Depends on what (s)he means by traditional. Pre-mobile, perhaps. Maybe one of those really old ones that were so loud it's surprising they didn't fly off the wall. Imagine that going off accidentally in a concert hall. DirkvdM 11:17, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Most read articles[edit]

Are there any records of the number of hits each of the wikipedia articles gets? deeptrivia (talk) 05:22, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

There's This page, but it's horrendously inaccurate, and out of date to boot. GeeJo (t) (c) 08:12, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
MediaWiki can provide a hit counter in the footer of each and every page. The feature was long ago turned off on Wikipedia due to server load (as I recall), but you can still see it on other sites using the software. I suppose there are still records, but you'd need access to the server logs to see them. —Charles P. (Mirv) 13:49, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
Anecdotal evidence (source: me) indicates that my user page is wildly popular among the better sort of Wikipedia contributer. This is doubtless because of my invaluable contributinos to the Reference Desk and Wildean wit. --George 18:59, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Blank pages at the end of a book[edit]

Why do many books have a series of blank pages at the end? --Tothebarricades 09:08, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

See Intentionally blank page for a pretty detailed summary. GeeJo 09:15, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
To add to that: since the blank pages result from printing processes that typically make page counts a multiple of some number like 16, 24 or 32, there would be many more blank pages if it were not for a number of techniques. Techniques for avoiding blank pages at the end include
  • varying the printing process so that a multiple of a different number has less waste
  • cutting out blank pages
  • using layout (e.g. extra publisher's pages at the front, bigger or smaller fonts)
  • adding adverts or other material
  • printing "NOTES" on the top of the pages so it looks like you are being generous
  • above all, ruthless editing: popular fiction especially tends to be produced to fit a particular page count, and editors just cut stuff (or even write padding) until it fits, frequently with no involvement from the author.

Notinasnaid 09:57, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Quake 4[edit]

The interior of every building is green. What's wrong?

Saint Patrick's Day comes early? GeeJo (t) (c) 10:37, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Don't be stupid. I think there is something wrong with the gamma correction.

Being stupid can be fun. StuRat 11:43, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
Though not helpful. I had this problem too: I think it's because of having an older graphics card. The solution for me was to right-click the shortcut, go on Properties, then add +seta r_renderer "ARB" to the Target, so you get C:\Program Files\id Software\Quake 4\Quake4.exe" +seta r_renderer "ARB". --Sum0 23:43, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Kong question[edit]

In the new movie king kong in the island of kong, all animals are giants, but the dinosaurs are at the normal size. This is wrong or the dinosaurs are very small dinosaurs that are at giants size??

The scientific reference for this is the 1933 movie. I can confirm that Skull Island does indeed have large apes with normal dinosaurs. --Zeizmic 13:11, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
Zeismic is being having a joke with you (sorry to be a spoilsport, Zeismic, but presumably the question was asked seriously). What Zeismic is saying in a roundabout sort of way is that King Kong is a piece of entertainment and is not intended to be scientifically accurate, any more than Godzilla, Star Wars, or Peter Jackson's last project Lord of the Rings. --Robert Merkel 14:06, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
According to Foster's rule on the isolated island both the dinosaurs and the apes should probably have become smaller over evolutionary time. David Sneek 16:24, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
It's possible that Kong wasn't born on Skull Island but came over from some other unknown island, where he's the runt of the bunch. User:Zoe|(talk) 19:57, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

I (the person that made the question) am not questioning if this is scientifically accurate, my question was only that if all animals are at giant size, the dinosaurs need to be at giant size too(so this is a error of the film or the dinosaurs are very small dinosaurs at giant size)??

I don't think it is ever implied anywhere that all of the animals on Skull Island are meant to be at giant size. As far as I know, the dinosaurs are at their correct sizes. --Maxamegalon2000 21:09, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
Our article explains this. See King_Kong_(2005_film)#Bestiary. Night Gyr 08:23, 14 January 2006 (UTC)
Well, dinosaurs are giant size, aren't they? There is a limit to the size of animals. Firstly, there is the problem of supporting ones own weight. Dinosaurs pretty much reached the limit of that, I believe (for land animals, that is). Mammals can also be quite big, and have been in the past, just not as big as King Kong, afaik. There is, however, a problem with the insects at the bottom of the crevice. At least some of them looked like insects, like those weta-like animals (it being a New Zealand film I imagine it was modeled after this insect). Insects use trachea for breathing, and from the article: " Insects do not carry oxygen in their blood, as do vertebrates; this may limit their size." The trachea need air circulation and as insects get bigger, their volume increases with a power 3 where the surface of the trachea increases with a power 2. Flying insects can probably get biggest because of their fast movement and wing flapping, causing more air current, but I'm guessing now. DirkvdM 08:43, 14 January 2006 (UTC)
Maybe the island is an an area where the oxygen is more powerful, and deposits of cavorite mean that larger animals can evolve. Notinasnaid 14:54, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
Which makes me think. Why didn't they bring some kryptonite to take down Kong? Seems a lot easier than chloroform. DirkvdM 08:03, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

Movie or Radio Quote in "Sorry Louie" by Eazy-E[edit]

Hi, this question has been asked before, so sorry for the redundancy, but it wasn't answered, and I've been trawling all over the 'net for the answer. Does anyone know where the introductory quote, "Hi! Claude again! Remember how I told you about my cousin when I was fifteen? Well, the year after that, I killed this kid, Louie. Bashed his head in with my Louisville Slugger! Ha ha ha . . .I got away with it! But, I gotta apologize to Louie . . .I'm sorry, Louie." came from? It's on Eazy-E's Str8 Off Tha Streetz Of Muthaphukkin Compton album.

This is just a guess, since I haven't heard the song, but does it sound like Humphrey Bogart in Casablanca? --Mitchell k dwyer 19:43, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
That's not a line from Casablanca. User:Zoe|(talk) 19:58, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
No, it's definitely not a line from Casablanca, however, it really sounds like an old-ish movie. The guy talking sounds like a psycho white guy. Perhaps a little bit "camp". I really want to find out, so I can watch the movie, OR, if it was a radio story, listen to it.
I'd like to know too! Maikel 23:39, 7 April 2007 (UTC)
Yea can someone pleeeeaaase anwser this


I found "test-tree", apparently referring to a particular species of tree, in a 1912 translation of Old Irish crand fir[29]. For all I can tell, the literal meaning of crand fir is "true tree", and "test-tree" would seem to be an actual English name. Can anybody tell me what tree is being referred to here? Is the name still in use? dab () 12:52, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

It's probably a local name. The only mention in the OED equates it with the tree of knowledge of good and evil: "1883 G. M. Hopkins Let. 25 Oct. (1956) 323 This was the sin of Adam and Eve, who, both in different ways, eat of the ‘Test-tree’." --Shantavira 14:09, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
It says Aspen in your link AllanHainey 16:25, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Gas station storage tanks[edit]

I am trying to determine at what time in the 1900's did gas stations, within the United States, begin to bury their storage tanks?--LLaPoint

That's a very interesting question!
If I may hazard a guess, one of the requirements to store fuel underground would have been the supply of mains power, so if the location you're concerned about was remote, in the early 20th century there probably wasn't a suitable power source to pump the tanks.
Aside from my standard response of "go ask at a research library", perhaps the people in the best position to help you might be the oil companies themselves; many of them have direct corporate lineage to Standard Oil and might have internal company documents on the topic. One useful piece of evidence might be pictures of old gas stations. One other source of potentially useful information might be safety standards documents; if you find standards for underground fuel storage tanks, presumably they must have been in use by that date (or soon afterward).
Hopefully somebody can give you a more direct answer. --Robert Merkel 14:02, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
"Mains power" just means electric service. I don't know when but they certainly are a lot of them. From the EPA website: "EPA estimates that over 95 percent of the nation's two million underground storage tanks hold petroleum products. Of all tanks in use, an estimated 80 percent are unprotected bare-steel tanks, which are most likely to corrode and leak;..." Rmhermen 14:24, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

This is a good question. I went into my research mode and looked things up. A great reference is here [30] It seems that above-ground tanks were common until the 60's, but they kept blowing up and killing people. To stop this, they put the tanks underground. A bare steel tank can only last about 20-30 years, so the original tanks are all gone now, with major pollution problems. New underground tanks have onerous conditions, so there may be a swing back to above-ground tanks. --Zeizmic 15:05, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Your reference seems a bit biased though and I doubt above-ground tanks will return. It's easier to make an underground tank leak-proof than keep an above-ground tank safe from fire and accidents. The main problem in the USA has been lax regulation on the environmental requirements for underground tanks. Europe has had far less problems in this respect. Still, leaks are less of a problem today, since 1) Tanks installed today are either fiberglass-reinforced-plastic or steel with FRP as corrosion protection. 2) Tighter regulations on underground tanks. Today, leaks can be cleaned up more efficiently too (although that's no excuse!), since there are now mobile plants to treat contaminated soil. Groundwater contamination is a major problem in the US due to the sins of the past though, also due to the increased use of the water-soluble gasoline additive MTBE. --BluePlatypus 16:55, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Yes, that reference was from an above-ground tank maker, but it had the history (which was the question), and it's the only one I found (with history). They are using new above-ground tanks at the cottage marina. It's just a matter of economics, and I think that soon underground tanks will have to be double-walled, with leak detection (ie. very expensive) --Zeizmic 18:01, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Crypto machine maker: Ottico Meccanica Italiana[edit]

I've been trying to find out more about the Ottico Meccanica Italiana company, which I believe was operating in Rome in the sixties, and produced the OMI cryptograph. I'd like to try and find out more about the machine, and the obvious starting point is to find out more about the company. However, I've Googled on the topic, and there's mostly only Italian-language references to the company (which I don't speak too well). I don't suppose anyone knows anything about this company, specifically, are they still operating? If so, do they have a contact address/email? Thanks for any help! — Matt Crypto 14:37, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Perhaps if I used the correct spelling it would help! I've corrected "Ottica"->"Ottico". — Matt Crypto 14:43, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
Founded in Rome in 1926 by Umberto Nistri (1895 - 1962) [31], producing photogrammetric instruments. From 1962 on, Raffaele Nistri (1920-1981), son of Umberto, was president of the company. Since the 1980s a part of Agusta [32]. Known for some time as "Agusta OMI". Apparently once also known as OMI-NISTRI in English-speaking countries, but you already knew that, didn't you? The air photography branch split into S.A.R.A. Nistri and Aerofotogrammetrica Nistri (see here for address and phone numbers; no web site found). Don't know when and where and how any of these got involved with cryptography. Lupo 10:27, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

hospitality industry[edit]

'i would like to know any related news/an articles about hospitality industries...'-- 14:43, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

  • Your question is very broad, and it is unlikely that you will get a useful repsonse. I think that you would be better off using the search feature ont he left of your screen to search Wikipedia. You can also try starting at hospitality industry. Ground Zero | t 14:47, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
Maybe it's better posed on Language, but what's the deal with the term "Hospitality Industry" anyway? When did they start calling it that? Makes me associate to a manufacturing plant for guest-greeting robots. --BluePlatypus 16:24, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
Yea, it sounds like prostitution to me. But then, I suppose that all depends on what comes with the room. StuRat 04:07, 14 January 2006 (UTC)

DON'T SHOUT DirkvdM 08:48, 14 January 2006 (UTC)

A good place to start would be the List of lodging types article from thier you can narow your research down to what you want to know about but that should get you started. Deathawk 23:10, 14 January 2006 (UTC)

where does the name wikipedia come from[edit]

It's a Portmanteau of "Wiki" and "encyclopedia". --BluePlatypus 18:28, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
Or you could also read the Wikipedia article. Dismas|(talk) 23:28, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Looking for an old game.[edit]

I use to play this old game i loved 'Rage of Mages 2: Necromancer' and around 6 months ago i felt like playing it again so i started trying to look for it everywhere (internet/stores) but couldn't it anywhere, does anyone have a clue where i can buy or download it?

You can buy it from a number of stores. Rage of Mages 2 at Froogle.

german wirehair pointers[edit]

(no question posted)

[33] CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 19:58, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Gay CEOs[edit]

Are there any openly gay men or women CEOs in the Fortune 500? If so, who?

This site thought (in 1998) not. hydnjo talk 20:10, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
Well, there is that waterpark run by a half dozen gay men...oh wait, that's Six FLAGS, my bad. StuRat 18:34, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

metal genre[edit]

at wikipedia we can find a very large numbers of mental genre and sub-genres, there is some that is metal with rap, metal with hardcore rock... So, my question is exist a genre or sub-genre of metal that is metal with eletronic music??

There are quite a few bands that integrate synthesizers and samplers, the key elements of most electronic music, with metal guitars. Most Industrial Rock or Industrial Metal bands would fall into this area. Night Gyr 07:57, 14 January 2006 (UTC)
A lot of progressive metal and symphonic metal is heavy on keys and synths, but I'm not sure you'd call most of it "electronic" music. --Mitchell k dwyer 08:13, 14 January 2006 (UTC)
There's also electronica that sounds like metal e.g. "La Rock 01", "Newman", and "My Friend Dario" by Vitalic. chocolateboy 12:40, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

engineering department[edit]


We are having problem to define the role of a engineering department, in automotive parts manufacturing company.Can you give me any description, definition, or example?


How about designing, testing, and setting up manufacturing methods for said parts ? StuRat 07:24, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
Ooh! Ooh! I know! Engineering. Cernen Xanthine Katrena 10:04, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
You might look at the links from Enterprise resource planning and other manufacturing articles. How to manufacture various widgets, chemicals, foods, pharaseuticals, etc. depending on type of industry, this has to be defined to the computer system in a consistent manner, typically using some combination of bill of material or product structure (components] in combination with routings (step by step manufacturing process), with provision for the best places to be inspection points to verify correct manufacturing up to a point, before what got made so far gets covered up by whatever protective covering or packaging. There is also a process of quotes to potential customers, how much it might make to manufacture some new product in what quantities, using access to existing records on similar parts the company already makes, and might also use some engineering drawing software like auto cad, and production of samples to test the quality of the proposed work. User:AlMac|(talk) 09:40, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

Nick and Lou Saban. Related?[edit]

Is Nick Saban, current Miami Dolphins coach, the son of Lou Saban, who coached the Buffalo Bills in the 1960s?

If you go here and scroll down to "Miscellaneous Ramblings" there is some information. The history here says it's his son. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 18:57, 14 January 2006 (UTC)


Is the a quiz on the internet that determins how long you could be in prison for all the wrong doings you have done? I know there is as people have told me but I don't know the website

Sounds like a good scam. You list your criminal history then they blackmail you. I wish I'd thought of that, LOL. StuRat 04:01, 14 January 2006 (UTC)
  • It would depend a lot on the country you reside in. - 13:17, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
    • 'Twould also depend on, depending on what country, what principality, province, state, county, city, urban sprawl, township, fellowship...etc. that you lived in. Everywhere has different definition of crimes (save for things like "murder" and "rape," and even those definitions are adjusted for certain degrees, and tuned and tweaked to fit neat words like manslaughter and sexual assault), so finding out how much jail time you'd do for a bank robbery, rape, and murder would probably differ between Washington and Rhode Island (though in the good ol' Evergreen State they'd prolly give you the needle anyway and settle things right then and there...) Cernen Xanthine Katrena 10:46, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
Are you perhaps thinking of The Privacy Calculator? – b_jonas 23:59, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

News Articles On People Who Walked Across The USA.[edit]

Who was the person who was disabled ( had one artificial leg ) who walked across the US and only ate snickers bars as his food throughout the journey? Where can I get a summary article on his walk or about him? This may have been in the 90s or the 80s !

Thank you!

-- 23:04, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Do you mean Peter Jenkins or this guy? CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 01:08, 14 January 2006 (UTC)
Are you thinking of Terry Fox? Hmm, probably not, according to your description. – b_jonas 23:54, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

Can't get images to load in Firefox![edit] the title says, what gives? The images load fine if I use IE, but nothing shows up with Firefox. If I go to the image description page and then click on the filename, I can view the image, but how do I fix this so that I can view them normally? 23:42, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

How about tools\options\web features and then check the load images box. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 01:04, 14 January 2006 (UTC)
Many (most) of the complaints along similar lines turn out to be due to overzealous adblocking software. Note that images are served from a different domain than webpages, and that some images reside in directories with "ad" in their name ; both of these are common heuristics used by various adblockers. I suggest turning off all your adblocking firefox extensions and restarting; if that fixes things, you can turn them back on and try to set an option in the relevant one which will exempt and -- Finlay McWalter | Talk 01:12, 14 January 2006 (UTC)
There was a problem yesterday with Wikipedia's image server. Are you still having problems? User:Zoe|(talk) 21:55, 14 January 2006 (UTC)
To expand a bit on Finlay's comment, a very common reason for images not loading in Firefox is that the popular Adblock extension by default blocks any URL with "ad" in it, which also blocks Wikipedia's images since they are retrieved from If you have Adblock installed, check for an entry "ad*" at the beginning of its list of blocked sites and change that to "http://ad*" - I had the same problem when I first installed adblock and was quite happy when I found the solution :) -- Ferkelparade π 00:14, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

It worked! All I had to do was "allow" to load images. Thanks everyone! 16:35, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

The best way to fix any mozzila related problem is to get rid of firefex and use internet explorer, which is the best browser.

January 14[edit]

longest article in wikipedia[edit]

What is the longest article in terms of text on Wikipedia?

See Special:Longpages Rmhermen 01:54, 14 January 2006 (UTC)


I stumbled across this article. Is this the longest one-word article title on Wikipedia? --Nelson Ricardo 03:31, 14 January 2006 (UTC)

My bet is on Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis, Twoallbeefpattiesspecialsaucelettucecheesepicklesonionsonasesameseedbun, Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateapokaiwhenuakitanatahu, Gorsafawddacha'idraigodanheddogleddollônpenrhynareurdraethceredigion, Chargoggagoggmanchauggagoggchaubunagungamaugg, or Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch. See others at longest word in English. --Quasipalm 03:46, 14 January 2006 (UTC)
Lengths of page titles are limited because of technical reasons. If they had not been, one of the longest titles would probably have been Methionylglutaminyl...serine. There are some more candidates at Longest word in English, but all the longer chemical compounds mentioned have shorter names as well. TERdON
Well, if it wasn't abbreviated to Titin, I think s:Methionylthreonylthreonyl...isoleucine would have a pretty decent go at it, being too long (at 189,819 letters, nearly 100 times as large as Methionylglutaminyl...serine) to even appear in it's own article. GeeJo (t) (c) 12:42, 14 January 2006 (UTC)

Thanks guys. Some scientists must have waaaaay too much on their hands. --Nelson Ricardo 15:01, 14 January 2006 (UTC)

Don't blame the scientists, they're not just making this up!   freshgavin TALK    06:36, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

Eye Care[edit]

Yes, of course. Very important. Don't do any boxing, for example. And don't do this either: " Newton slid a darning needle around the side of his eye until he could poke at its rear side, dispassionately noting "white, darke & coloured circles" so long as he kept stirring with "ye bodkin." DirkvdM 09:07, 14 January 2006 (UTC)


  1. Shaving lather is used to soften the hairs. Which has to soak for a few minutes. But if you do the same with just water, that works too; I shave after showering and just wetting my face (water only) has the same effect. So what is the use of the lather? And what are those irritating sticky strips on 'modern' razors for? They feel yuck and getting modern razors without them is by now almost impossible.
  2. It is advised to shave with the grain. I, however, find it more effective to go against the grain (still talking about shaving :) ).
  3. What is the use of after shave? The practical use I thought it had (never used the stuff myself) is to close and disinfect any cuts. But to do that with alcohol...? But now read in the shaving article that it doesn't by itself close cuts, so just a piece of toilet paper will do (that's what I use - if ever). My guess is perfume manufacturers realised they didn't sell to half of mankind and then came up with the idea to change the presentation a bit and associate it with something masculine like shaving. And hey presto, their sales doubled. Of course, perfume for men is much older, but that was to do away with the stench. Since 'we westerners' don't 'stink' anymore, what is the point?
  4. And now for the most important one. Why were those 'modern razors' such a success? Half a year ago I was out of blades and decided to try my father's old razor (what are those things called - I mean with a loose blade). The first time I made a bloody mess, but buy the third time I had figured it out; use less presure. Now I always use it because it shaves faster and smoother. Especially when I haven't shaven for a few days. Shaving that with a modern blade (double as it may be) is a lot of work. With an oldfashioned loose-blade razor there is no difference. Even a two week beard comes all off straight away. with the first stroke.
  5. Have electric razors improved in the last decades? I have an old Philips razor from around 1980 and found it wasn't nearly as good as wet shaving (even with a 'modern' razors). Then I heard they had improved and I bought a Braun but found it was no better than my father's old Braun. Then I heard that Philips electric razors are better than Brauns, but I'm not going to put money in something I won't use again. DirkvdM 09:51, 14 January 2006 (UTC)

I think the progression from the straight razor (the big knife) to the safety razor with disposable razor blades to the disposable safety razor to the electric razor is a steady move from more dangerous and more effective razors to safer and less effective razors. While a straight razor (the old fashioned one) can do an excellent job, you could also possibly kill yourself if you don't know what you're doing. A safety razor can't kill you, but you could still manage to cut yourself. With an electric razor, it's almost impossible to cut yourself or to get a smooth shave. Note that travelling with a straight razor may be troublesome, as it could be considered a weapon. Razor blades could also be considered a weapon. Those "lubrication strips" on some disposable safety razors are supposed to soften up the hair. I prefer Bic disposable razors, which don't have those strips.

One recent annoyance is the "more is better" trend in safety razors. Two blades was questionable, as the claim that "the first blade lifts and the second cuts close" seems suspect, but now they are up to four blades, which is absurd. You are just going to get 4 times the cuts and abrasions from 4 blades, not 4 times a closer cut. I wonder if we will be up to 10 blades on a safety razor (that looks more like a cheese grater) in a few generations. LOL. StuRat 10:26, 14 January 2006 (UTC)

Hint. Just let it grow. You get a great beard and don't have to spend any money on razors, lotions, lathers, blood coagulants (styptic pencils), bandages, etc. Plus then people will make all kinds of amusing religious/ethnic assumptions about you. Rmhermen 14:50, 14 January 2006 (UTC)
I second that. As a college student, I can use the money. Plus, going to school in rural Ohio, people think I'm Amish. WAvegetarian (talk) (email) (contribs) 17:33, 14 January 2006 (UTC)
I agree too. Don't shave. It also has the advantage that you don't look so bad if you for some reason don't shave one day. Also, if you want to cut off a two week's beard, try a scissors to cut most of your beard and then any razor should take the rest down very fast. – b_jonas 23:30, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

arctic foxes[edit]

How do zoos keep arctic foxes white the whole year? --KeeganB--

White out. Seriously, I don't think that they do. You can read more about them in our article on Arctic Foxes. -WAvegetarian (talk) (email) (contribs) 17:28, 14 January 2006 (UTC)
I've been thinking about this. You would need to know why arctic foxes and hares change colour in the summer. If they do it due to the days getting longer or due to the snow melting. Either way it's possible that the zoo could provide a fake winter environment that stopped the foxes from changing. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 18:47, 14 January 2006 (UTC)
Or just keep 'em near the polar bears; that will scare them white. --jpgordon∇∆∇∆ 23:43, 14 January 2006 (UTC)
Signals for winter and summer, ie. sunlight, (as discussed in chronobiology) must some how affect hormone levels, which then affect pigment production. So I would think (if the zoo wanted to), was to just inject them with hormones. Of course, summer coats may be caused by the presence of a hormone, but I would think there would be a way to neutralise that hormone in itself. Elle vécut heureuse à jamais (Be eudaimonic!) 13:50, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
Wouldn't the environmentalist groups, besides protesting the animals being caged up, protest the use of hormones to change the lifecycle of the animals? I would think it would be a big item for them. Dismas|(talk) 15:24, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
It may not be sunlight that affects them but some other signal. I have a cat which likes to be outdoors when the temperature is warmer than -20C. I assumed that she was basing her outdoor life on the amount of sunlight due to the fact that in the Arctic it's more noticeable than in southern areas. However, a couple of months ago the temperature rose from -30C to -10C and the cat went crazy trying to get out and spent up to 30 minutes outside at a time. So it was, for this one cat, something other than the sunlight that affected her. Thus for foxes and hares it may be the lack of snow cover that causes the change from white to gray/brown. In which case all the zoo would have to do is provide a white background/enclosure for the animals. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 15:48, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

Well, I think I'm going to email the Albuquerque zoo and ask them. I saw white arctic foxes there and at the San Diego zoo. KeeganB

Do they really?? They don't do so in zoos over here (other side of the pond), where these foxes have a white fur only in winter. Lupo 12:51, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

EPDM rubber compatability[edit]

Useful for determining which condom to use, I'm sure. Cernen Xanthine Katrena 10:47, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

Hoover dam[edit]

Is Hoover Dam actually located in Las Vegas?

The Hoover Dam article gives its location. It is 48km/30 miles southeast of Las Vegas. - Akamad 13:43, 14 January 2006 (UTC)


hi, is there any place online where I can ask for the advice of an expert in philosophy?--Cosmic girl 15:42, 14 January 2006 (UTC)

I'm sure there are quite a few Wikipedians who are professional philosophers: put "philosopher" in the search box but click on search instead of go, then scroll down to the bottom and check off the User box and uncheck the others, then search again. You could also ask your question at Google Answers, although that costs money. WAvegetarian (talk) (email) (contribs) 15:58, 14 January 2006 (UTC)
Hmm, that Wikipedia search results in a lot of user pages without the word 'philosopher' in them. I wonder why that is, but then what does an amateur philosopher know. Speaking of which, I don't appear in that list because on my page I use the word 'philosophy' (for the study I've done). Alas, using that term doesn't help in finding me either on the first page :( . Luckily, there is not a whole bunch of people who use phrases like "my philosophy is..." in a sense that has nothing to do with philosophy. If you Google that term you're even bothered with loads of companies that think they 'have a philosophy' when they've come up with a marketing scheme.
As for 'expert in philosophy'. That can roughly mean two things; people who have read loads of thick books by long dead people with long beards or people who like to take a step back and think reality over for themselves. The latter are the philosophers themselves. DirkvdM 07:55, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
Not to be a spoilsport, but having read loads of thick books by long dead people means that you don't waste time having brilliant insights that, say, Plato refuted a couple of thousand years ago. There's no point reinventing the philosophical wheel...--Robert Merkel 21:54, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
Philosophy covers anything that isn't already covered by some science. Which is a rather broad area, to put it mildly :) . So when you do philosophy, what are the chances that you come up with a subject that has already been covered by a previous philosopher? So reading those books will have the effect limiting your thoughts to those subjects. This may (and for many people does) go so far that you think that that is all that philosophy is about. I'm certainly not saying that those books are not worth reading. But to understand them you have to be a bit of a philosopher yourself. And for that you must have first freed your mind by taking that step back and doing some original thinking. Ideally, that would be an iterative process, going back and forth between reading and thinking. Too many people, however, are stuck in the reading bit, taking the words of Plato and the like for gospel (who in turn, by the way, mostly just regurgitated what he had heard from Socrates). Oh, and as soon as some idea has been refuted by someone you're in the realm of proofs and certainties and therefore science and not philosophy. Alright, that's a bit strong, but there is an element of truth in it. I mean there are no certainties in philosophy. And. like I said, to understand the books, it helps to have thought about it for yourself (even if your conclusions may be 'wrong' - whatever that is). DirkvdM 08:38, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

amount of water used in a shower[edit]

no question

This depends on how long you spend in the shower and the flow rate of the shower head you are using. Some will use as much as 8 gallons per minute while others use as little as 2.5 gallons per minute. You can read more here. WAvegetarian (talk) (email) (contribs) 17:23, 14 January 2006 (UTC)
As a general rule, a normal shower uses less water than a bath, while a power shower uses more water. smurrayinchester(User), (Talk) 17:29, 14 January 2006 (UTC)


What antidepressant is most often reffered to by snide shrinks as "Slo Mo"? I can't figure it out... I'm not a drug-expert. Thanks in advance.

Did you get 14 Across yet? :) Bethefawn 05:24, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

Your answer could be many things. It could be Valium, a drug used for depression, but also pain killing and other fun things; Lithium carbonate, a drug that takes two weeks to fully establish itself in your system; Wellbutrin XR, an extended-release form of Bupropion...better to ask this question either at the Science desk, or at your locak psychiatry office. Cernen Xanthine Katrena 04:50, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

The Kate Shelley streamliner between Clinton, IA and Chicago, IL[edit]

When was the last run of the Kate Shelley streamliner (train) from Clinton, IA to Chicago? My guess is the late '60s. Thank you to whomever might be able to come up with this useless bit of trivia that will settle a long discussion over last night's dinner. Bill Bangs

Try Chicago and North Western Railway and if not then try here. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 18:35, 14 January 2006 (UTC)
Want a picture? The 2 at the bottom left are the train, the bottom right is the Kate Shelly museum and the rest are the Kate Shelly bridge. OK, my question is who is why is there no Kate Shelly article? CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 18:41, 14 January 2006 (UTC)


do you think there should be another holiday for another famous american if so who in your opinon do you think it should be. just for the record iam not doing my homework.

Bah, be grateful for getting 10 Federal holidays per year (not to mention all the other Holidays of the United States.) Over here in the UK we only get 8. GeeJo (t) (c) 22:14, 14 January 2006 (UTC)
Yeah, but how much paid vacation time to UK workers get? Germans seem to have it the best, anyway. --jpgordon∇∆∇∆ 23:40, 14 January 2006 (UTC)
Also, only government workers get all of those holidays off. Few others get Columbus Day off, and most people have to work on Martin Luther King Day, Presidents Day and Veterans Day. Many retail stores close only on Christmas and New Year's. -- Mwalcoff 01:20, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

Yeah! The more the merrier! deeptrivia (talk) 05:54, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

How about a holiday to commemorate George W Bush? It would be six weeks long, every year. DJ Clayworth 15:22, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
We never had holidays for sock puppets that I recall... Cernen Xanthine Katrena 08:25, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

Religion-Friendly ISPs[edit]

wasn't there an internet service provider available that was operated by a group of religious leaders, one of which was creflow dollar; with no offensive activity; still exist?

(Question niftily reformatted by the resident refdesk whore Cernen Xanthine Katrena at 11:05, 15 January 2006 (UTC))

Greek naming conventions[edit]

Attempting to settle something amidst a roleplaying group. In modern-day Greece...

Are patronymics used (as in Russian)? Or is it more like Western middle names? --Penta 20:43, 14 January 2006 (UTC)

While I am too lazy to answer your question directly (mostly 'cuz I don't know the answer) I can direct you to Greece, Greek Orthodoxy, Patronymics. Cernen Xanthine Katrena 10:59, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

Yes, Greeks used to use patronymics. For instance: "Stephanopoulos", "Constantinopoulos" = Son of Stephen, Constantine. --BluePlatypus 11:19, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
Thanks, but the question wasn't "did they previously?", it was "do they now?" --Penta 14:37, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
Ok, well that wasn't clear (Russian doesn't use them nowadays). Anyway: No, I don't think think the Greeks use them now (which is why I wrote 'used to'). The only culture I know of which still uses patronymics as the norm is Iceland. The rest of Scandinavia (which probably had the most widespread use) having dropped them in the mid-19th century. (and are thus the latest to have dropped them, AFAIK) --BluePlatypus 17:19, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
Just to clarify: By "use" them I of course mean that they don't form new patronymic names. People are of course still using the old ones that they've inherited. --BluePlatypus 17:24, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

Simpsons Botanical Joke[edit]

One episode of the Simpons (Moe Baby Blues) features a botantical garden with the slogan "Our Stamens are a Pistil. I know what a stamen and a pistil is, but I don't get the joke (which Lisa does). I know having a joke explained is meant to stop it being funny, but it's really bugging me... smurrayinchester(User), (Talk) 21:03, 14 January 2006 (UTC)

It's a pun on the word pistol, used metaphorically to mean someone who "goes off" easily, I think... —Keenan Pepper 23:35, 14 January 2006 (UTC)
I believe "he's a pistol" is an old expression for a funny person, something like "he's a riot". StuRat 02:30, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
According to my step-father it might be based on a quote from some movie. --Optichan 15:43, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

James Bond[edit]

After "Casino Royale", will there be a "James Bond 22" and what would be the appropriate title be for the 22nd adventure of James Bond?

As long as they continue to make money there is no reason for them to stop making films. As to the title, well some of the films made are not from any of the original books and were turned into books after the movie. So the title could be really anything. See James Bond. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 00:19, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
Considering they just went through considerable trouble finding the next James Bond and gave him a three film contract, I would almost guarantee there being a JB 22. Dismas|(talk) 15:19, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

January 15[edit]

Private Investigator[edit]

How may I contact a Private Investigator the province/state of Karbardino - Balkariya in Southern Russia ? signed -- 02:39, 15 January 2006 (UTC).

Aren't they listed in the local phone book ? StuRat 02:48, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
Seriously, assuming you don't speak Russian you will almost certainly need to find somebody who does just to arrange to hire one. That said, the backblocks of Russia are (by all reports) the kind of place where a foriegner looking for trouble hard enough could certainly find it. Make sure you know what you're getting into. --Robert Merkel 06:30, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

Geneaology Abbv.[edit]

Does GES when used in the context of a birth date mean anything in a geneaological sense? DuctapeDaredevil 03:17, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

Where did you see it? The only thing I could find was some sort of degree awarded to (I think) German botanists. As a guess I came up with "Graveyard EStimate" or "GuESs". In other words, a gravestone says "Died Month, Day, Year, Aged XX" and the birthday is worked out from that. If you could provide a bit more context, such as country, etc, it might help. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 13:23, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
Sorry. It's US, I think. A baby who died in the hospital, presumably the same day it was born. DuctapeDaredevil 19:44, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
I'm going to venture a guess and say "gestational," or perhaps "died during GEStation," something like that. Cernen Xanthine Katrena 08:19, 18 January 2006 (UTC)


--Flashy tag removed by resident refdesk whore, Cernen Xanthine Katrena, at 10:50, 16 January 2006 (UTC).--

Y'know, that's a really good question. I was born once. Cernen Xanthine Katrena 10:16, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

That tag is kinda flashy, kinda brought my attention to this worthless non-question. Kinda wish it wasn't there so I could ignore it. I agree with the sentiment though. Bethefawn 05:29, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
Yeah, these templates are way too conspicuous. Can't a version with just plain text and no colour be made? Or box, for that matter.
Also, this happens quite often - no question, just a header. Is there some common reason for people to do this? DirkvdM 08:44, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
The way these questionless headers are typed in, I'm guessing that people think the question window is a search engine. --Mitchell k dwyer 19:15, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
Of COURSE I can cut new versions of those templates and will be more than happy to do so. That's a good point there, Bethefawn. And, DirkvdM, idiocy seems to be the common cause.

Oil Prices[edit]

How much effect will the Emir of Kuwait's death have on Oil prices?

Short answer - who knows, and if you could predict it accurately you could make a pile of money for yourself. Slightly longer answer - according to this BBC report the country has effectively been run by the Crown Prince and the Prime Minister, who is the brother of the Crown Prince, for a while now. If you need more accurate advice than that, consult a professional. --Robert Merkel 06:36, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

--template removed by CXK; I was being a dick and just realized it--

Excuse me, but this is no homework question, I am not even in school. I am a concerned American, and just remember when the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia died and the Oil Prices went up.

When was this? The only rises in oil prices I've seen were the recent ones of note. --removed homework template; apologizes profusely-- Cernen Xanthine Katrena 04:33, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

Forgive me, I said Crowned Prince. King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud of Saudi Arabia Died August 1, 2005. Oil Prices shot up shortly after he died.

animated series identification[edit]

Okay, I've already done some research on my own and I've gotten nowhere. When I was young I used to rent videos from the kids section. When I was 5 or 6 I rented a video that had a few episodes of some 70's series. It was about a middle-aged man with an overactive imagination. He also had a talking dog as a friend. In one of the episodes he imagines himself as a London detective on the trail of an evil milkman. He is too late to stop the milkman from giving a family poisoned milk that makes their ears grow to a large size. The family likes their new ears. It had a theme song that went "sunflower, sunflower, sunflower" in one part. Does anybody know the name of this series? --KeeganB--

Please list the location and nail down the time frame tighter than the 1970's. StuRat 07:27, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

Aw shit, it's a lost cause. KeeganB 1:34 AM sunday morning

I daresay this sounds a lot like Wallace and Gromit mixed with LSD. Cernen Xanthine Katrena 10:08, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

I was thinking the exact same thing. WereRabbit meets Wrong Trousers meets acid trip. WAvegetarian (talk) (email) (contribs) 10:25, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
This is bizarre, and intriguing, especially the theme tune. Was it a UK or US series? Was it animated or live action? Could you have dreamed it? Have you looked through the list at at Children's television series? --Shantavira 10:25, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
  • I guess it's a UK series. Why else would he imagine being a london detective? - 13:26, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

Could it have been Mr Benn? He was a guy in a bowler hat that used to go to a costume shop and have bizarre adventures. Jon 14:50, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

Wow, this is tugging at something waaaaay back in the darkest depths of my memory, but could it have been Mr Rossi? The dog, themesong, and style of adventures in particular sound about right. There doesn't seem to be an article on the series yet, in fact, I can't even find any particularly good websites, but there's a picture and very brief description here and the theme song lyrics here. Also, it seems the series was Italian, and originally called Signor Rossi, but shown in the UK as Mr Rossi. Noodhoog 14:39, 22 January 2006 (UTC)

How can i...[edit]

I was banned from a posting forum,is there any way to trick it into comimg back,since it recognize my IP and wont let me even re-register....I downloaded some kind of "ip hider",but it only changes my "proxt"(whatever that is),but it aint changin my IP hider... Can you please help me... Thank you...

Read the article proxy.

While I'm not generally one to aid in the perpetration of such could always post from a different computer. Cernen Xanthine Katrena 10:10, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

  • Try apologizing to whoever runs it and to not do whatever got you banned in the first place. - 13:27, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
It wasn't on Wikipedia, was it? :) DirkvdM 08:46, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

No,it wasnt on Wikipedia,why the hell would I been banned from Wikipedia?

Not signing your posts might be one reason. :-) DJ Clayworth 15:19, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

You can move your household to a different building, which will mean you have a different IP address. The move will probably only cost you a few thousand dollars, if you in USA. While doing this, think long and hard why you want to be in that forum, and what it was you were doing that got you banned, and if you want to go through this time and expense of moving again. User:AlMac|(talk) 09:48, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

Yes! There are! Use any of these ip-hiding websites: or <<<note; people might have already tryed using these website, and got their ip's banned

Animated TV series[edit]

(I'm not the same poster as the fellow above, but his post reminded me to make this one.) In the early to mid 90s, I rented a series of videotapes for my daughter that I'd like to find the name of. They were animated kid's shows, featuring a girl with animals (not real ones, maybe magic kinds) in her hair. I can't remember much else...

What kind of animals? And do you remeber anything else about the videos, like a song or perhaps a few lines? TomStar81 06:46, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
I think her hair was rainbow, and there might have been castles involved.

What is the most-visited website?[edit]

I'd think either Wikipedia, Google or IMDb. What are the few most visited sites?

Check out the alexa rankings. WAvegetarian (talk) (email) (contribs) 10:21, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
My connection fails whenever I try to load that page, or even
1. Yahoo!
2. Microsoft Network (MSN)
3. Google
4. EBay
7. Myspace
8. Microsoft Corporation
9. Google UK
10. AOL
Grumpy Troll (talk) 10:43, 15 January 2006 (UTC).
That list only English language websites, though. The global top 10 contains 5 non-English sites. Fredrik Johansson - talk - contribs 10:50, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
I suppose Google isn't at the top of the list because there are several Googles, dus to the way it is split up (eg google. com and, whereas the Wikipedias are all under the same sitename (the distinction between the languages comes before wikipedia. org). Wikipedia is, however, still strongly on the rise), whereas google isn't, nor are ebay, amazon and msn. Oddly, they've all got a dip in mid 2004, except Wikipedia. Anyone know what that is? DirkvdM 09:03, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
  • It should also be noted that Alexa Internet rankings have some systemic biases -- they only record the viewing habits of people using Internet Explorer on a Microsoft Windows PC who happen to be running the Alexa toolbar software. What this means in general is that you are missing a rather large segment of computer savvy people, though I don't know how many people that includes on the whole. --Fastfission 21:47, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
    • Internet Explorer on a Windows PC. That would probably explain the popularity of MSN. People can't be bothered to change their home page. :) --Optichan 15:57, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

Island in San Francisco[edit]

What is the island in San Francisco?

Thanking you,

Grumpy Troll (talk) 11:01, 15 January 2006 (UTC).

Treasure Island, California -- Finlay McWalter | Talk 11:10, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
Angel Island. Alcatraz. Although none of them is in San Francisco. User:Zoe|(talk) 00:18, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
The photo GrumpyTroll linked certainly shows Treasure Island. In the legal sense of "in" it, and indeed Alcatraz and Yerba Buena, are inside SF. Angel isn't (it's in Marin). The only (non trivial) island I can find that's in the real people sense of "in" is Strawberry Hill in Stow Lake in Golden Gate Park. Google. -- Finlay McWalter | Talk 00:49, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

Chicago Bears Gayle Sayers[edit]

no question

Chicago BearsGayle Sayers. That help? GeeJo (t) (c) 14:53, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

Towns Name[edit]

Who is the town of Garrett named after?

What country is it in? CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 14:38, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
Probably, my most educated useless guess: some guy named Garret who did something useful. Kind of like how the town of Roy, WA was named after a guy named Roy, Seattle was named after Chief Seattle... Cernen Xanthine Katrena 20:43, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
Maybe the questioner means Garrett, Indiana? Rmhermen 20:48, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
Garrett, Illinois, Garrett, Pennsylvania, Garrett, Texas, Garrett, Washington... Grutness...wha? 04:51, 21 January 2006 (UTC)

i want names of Defence Minister[edit]

Hello to everybody of wikipedia, and i really appreciate of the work of the supporters, i have problem , hope tht u will solve it, the problem is that i had a interview some days before sorry to say this i was failed to pass that interview, coz they asked from me abt the defence ministers of different countries, that's why i wanna ur site to give me the names of defence ministers of Whole world, whole countries, plzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz

I m in great trouble, try to give me names of defence minister as soon as possible...


See Defence minister for a start. Dismas|(talk) 15:41, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
Sam, for major countries, each country article is likely to have links to a list of cabinet members for that country. With a little a bit of effort, you will be able to find this information for yourself. Ground Zero | t 15:44, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
I know it isn't like me to disparage other people's questions ( -insert someone rolling their eyes here- ) but does this not sound suspicious to anyone? Who asks that sort of question in a job interview? Cernen Xanthine Katrena 04:42, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
A similar question was asked of George W. Bush by a journalist when he was running for President; the purpose of the question was as a litmus test of rudimentary foriegn policy expertise. It would be a perfectly reasonable question to ask of somebody who is applying for a job in defence-related foriegn affairs; for instance, somebody who wanted to work in sales for an arms manufacturer. The morality of such a profession is something you might quibble with, but it's perfectly legal in most Western countries and a growing number of other ones with indigenous arms industries; India's, for instance. --Robert Merkel 09:41, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
It would also be a reasonable question to ask an aspiring political journalist, or a recruit to the diplomatic or intelligence services. DJ Clayworth 15:17, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
Indeed. I would hope, however, that someone applying for one of the jobs people have suggested would have better grammar and spelling than "coz they asked from me abt the defence ministers of different countries, that's why i wanna ur site to give me the names of defence ministers of Whole world, whole countries, plzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz." Sigh... Zafiroblue05 04:56, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
Zafiroblue, it would appear that the reference desk is almost a...shall we say...textbook demonstration of the ignore all rules guideline. Especially the ones listed at WP:MOS. (Of course, it's also the hangout for all the disgruntled reference desk employees, and we have been known to either egg on the poor fools or condemn them to hell ^_^). Cernen Xanthine Katrena 07:08, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

What is the first analog video gaming input device?[edit]

N64 controller? or the atari 5200 controller? I read the entry "analog joystick" but i think back in the atrai 5200 time, analog is useless?(I think the 5200's controller was not analog, all it did have was the "stick") 18:05, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

I wonder, was the Spacewar! joystick analog or digital? I'd guess digital. --jpgordon∇∆∇∆ 18:32, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
Spacewar! did not use a joystick. Originally it used the front panel switches of PDP-1. Then a pair of controllers were built using toggle switches. -- RTC 05:52, 18 December 2006 (UTC)
Thank you for the term "toggle switch". Not sure if this helps but HTML comments in this section note Kotok's view that NASA had similar control boxes by the time he and Saunders built some for Spacewar!. In the PDP-1 restoration celebration video, Samson said the Spacewar! controllers did double duty in the PDP-1 drafting program T-Square (a program that may or may not have some relation in common with Sketchpad). I don't know for what purpose NASA had them. Susanlesch 06:45, 18 December 2006 (UTC)
Higinbotham's tennis probably used a simple rotary potentiometer. Later games, such as Pong, also used rotary pots. -- Finlay McWalter | Talk 18:40, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
Incidentally the 2600 had a digital joystick (which you used for most things) and an optional analog rotary pot (which you used for tennis type games). There's nothing terribly hard or novel about an analog controller - all it is is one or more potentiometers linked to analog-to-digital converter circuits. -- Finlay McWalter | Talk 18:47, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

Rules to last pocket eight ball[edit]

Can you clarify your question? Here are rules for 8 ball: [34][35]. If "last pocket 8 ball" is a specific variation, I could not find it online nor in the print edition of the official rules for pocket billiards from the BCA. alteripse 18:47, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

Rules to last pocket eight ball[edit]

If you call a side shot but the eight ball is in the corner that you can not get out. DO you spot it? Signed LLH

I am sorry, I have access to standard 8 ball rules and will try to help, but I do not understand your question at all. Could you please specify whether you are referring to standard 8 ball or a variant game, and rephrase your question? alteripse 20:35, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

Mm. I believe he's referring to just straight 8. In which case, no. You can't spot the eight ball in eight ball. That's a mortal sin. There are only two times you can win in eight-ball if you sink it: one is on the break (an automatic win), and the other is when you call the shot ("eight ball, side pocket") and all your balls (stripes/solids) are off the table. If you pocket the eight-ball at any other time, it's an automatic loss. At least, that's how I was taught to play. Cernen Xanthine Katrena 04:39, 16 January 2006 (UTC)


What animal is represented in the Chinese New year 1956??


Chinese astrology#Table of the Lunar Calendar and Zodiac says "goat". -- Finlay McWalter | Talk 19:09, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
From Jan 24 1955 to Feb 11 1956 was the year of the Goat, and from Feb 12 1956 to Jan 30 1957 was the year of the monkey. See Chinese astrology. СПУТНИКССС Р 19:14, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

Recipe Fat and Calorie Content[edit]

Where can i find out how much fat and Calories are in This recipe on this website:

If you google fat content you will find a lot of sites with fat and calorie charts and tables. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 20:30, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

I want to know how much is in this particular recipe.

For us to give you an answer we would have to know how much fat there is in the cheeses you are using. This varies widely depending on where and when it was produced. Without that information, there is no way we could answer correctly. You can look up the nutrition data of individual ingredients at Just add to get the total for the recipe. --WAvegetarian (talk) (email) (contribs) 22:06, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

Audible Silence[edit]

At Stanford University (and probably elsewhere), there are fire alarm panels in some of the buildings which have some interesting things on them. One is the mode for the alarm. An operator can set it to either "alarm" or "audible silence." What is audible silence and does it really work as an alarm? (Yes, I was inspired by the earlier question about silence on this page.) --N Shar 21:41, 15 January 2006 (UTC)

Read our Fire alarm control panel article. WAvegetarian (talk) (email) (contribs) 21:56, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
Thanks :) I searched but didn't find this article for some reason. --N Shar 22:18, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
SILENT ALARM ACTIVATED!!! --Optichan 15:14, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

snake and songs[edit]

Do Snakes get attracted by song or whisteling sound? in certain parts of India, it is been told not to whistle in the night, is that because it attracts sanke or other dangerous creatures?

I had heard that snakes were totally deaf. It turns out they can hear, just not very well. They are most sensitive to frequencies around 200-300 hertz, and whistling is a few octaves higher than that, so they may not be able to hear it at all. —Keenan Pepper 23:55, 15 January 2006 (UTC)
Approaching animals make the ground shake at low frequencies, which the snakes pick up. Snakes literally have their ear to the ground :) . DirkvdM 09:09, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
  • Any truth to the claim they can feel/see the motion of the flute of a snake charmer? - Mgm|(talk)
Of course they can see the motion of the flute. They aren't blind. StuRat 10:08, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

As I understand it, cobras will be "at ease" if you are far away and will strike at the nearest moving object if you are close enough. However, there is a range between these two distances where they rise and prepare to strike the nearest moving object, but wait for it to move into range. By keeping in this distance range you can keep them in their raised stance for quite a while. For safety, it makes sense to have an inanimate object closest to the snake, so it will strike that, instead of you, if you get too close. Using a flute as the object gives the fun illusion that the cobra is being "charmed by the music", especially when they "dance" to the flute as they turn to face the moving flute to improve their striking ability. StuRat 10:06, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

Conversely I saw a documentary where the snake charmers had ripped out the fangs of the cobras, rendering their bite nearly harmless.--Commander Keane 10:33, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
Hmm, maybe we should rip some part off of politicians bodies to make them harmless ? StuRat 15:07, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
Their brains? If we can locate them, that is... DirkvdM 08:06, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
There's something glaringly wrong with your answer: politicians have no brains. Cernen Xanthine Katrena 12:05, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

January 16[edit]

Commercial Music[edit]

Does anyone know what the song is from the new 24 commercial on Fox?-Ridge Racer 01:30, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

"Club Foot" by Kasabian. Here's the link to that song on iTunes so you can double-check. (You may want to search on "Kasabian" in iTunes as well, because there are at least two other mixes of that song available.) --Aaron 19:31, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

Thanks a bunch!--Ridge Racer 01:19, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

Foreign Direct Investment Inward/Outward Stock[edit]

In the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development's World Investment Report, they refer to Foreign Direct Investment(FDI)inward/outward stock. Are these actual stock investments in private companies? --mb

What is a pilot's loss of licence cover[edit]

Your question is at the very least confusing... Do you mean to ask about what happens if a pilot loses their license to fly? This would vary wildly depending on what they did in order to warrant it being taken away. The very least that it means is that they are not legally allowed to fly an aircraft. Dismas|(talk) 14:16, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
Are you referring to insurance that a professional pilot might take out against their losing their license for some reason? I've never encountered it, but I would imagine it exists, if only to cover unexpected medical problems. DJ Clayworth 15:12, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

Maori tribal symbol or band.. for a tattoo.[edit]

My husband is wanting a Native People Maori (People of New Zeland)symbol or band. He is wanting it for a tattoo. He has some ties through the military in New Zeland and was wanting the tattoo to go on his back across his shoulders? Can anyone help me with this design??? Thank you! Needing help... Michelle

You might want to read this. The symbolism of the tattoos is sacred. I would suggest doing a google image search if you want to find a pattern, but know that he could piss off some Maori. WAvegetarian (talk) (email) (contribs) 06:11, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
A Maori-style tattoo should be okay though - the meanings are in the designs themselves, so a non-Maori can't draw an original piece with cultural significance. Google 'Maori tattoo designs', take a look at what other people have drawn, see what your husband likes and then discuss it with the tattoo artist - she's probably done hundreds and has some designs. Natgoo 19:56, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
That's social role valorisation : a tattoo artist is a she-one. --DLL 23:56, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

Professional Management[edit]

what is professional Management?

Management that gets paid.--Ridge Racer 01:21, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
An oxymoron. Cernen Xanthine Katrena 08:12, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

I'm so not cool[edit]

In the world of mountain biker's they have a term called "pro ho" What does it mean?

  • Essentially a groupie [36] - the term refers to women hanging around pro athletes. Natgoo 09:43, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
    • Or maybe, a ho for the pros.

carrots and onions[edit]

Many Mexican brands of canned Jalapeños and Serrano chiles include a few onions and carrot slices along with the chiles. Does anybody know the reason? KeeganB

No particular functional reason. It just gives you spicy onions and carrots, which is tasty. --BluePlatypus 18:02, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
Indeed. And the carrots are brilliant! -- Rune Welsh | ταλκ 21:39, 23 January 2006 (UTC)

Loan Facilities for UG students of Victoria University Wellington[edit]

  • Try reading the instructions at the top of the page. They're there for a reason. - Mgm|(talk) 09:53, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

There's something glaringly wrong with your question: You didn't even ask a question in the first place. You should check the list of things to do before you post at the very top of this page before posting a question. Your question may be deleted if you see this notice; you should reformat it to prevent this from happening. If you want the answer to this supposed question, I suggest you ask your Financial Aid office. Cernen Xanthine Katrena 12:02, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

what are "hits" on the web?[edit]

The total number of times a given web page is displayed on any computer anywhere. StuRat 12:17, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
That is broadly the meaning, but the actual technical meaning is very much more complicated, because of the way the web works. For instance, suppose you look at a web page with two frames, a style sheet and three pictures. The first time you visit that page there will be 8 separate connections to the web site (for the page, the two frames, the style sheet, and the three pictures). So the count of connections versus pages is important: some people will inflate their hit count by counting connections. But what happens next time? Well, if you look at the same page in an hour's time there will probably be no connections. Next day, maybe your computer will check to see if the page or other files have changed, maybe not. So displaying the page again might or might not count as a hit. Some software tries to account for these multiple requests for the same page from the same computer, to count "real" different viewers (people). But all they have is the IP address, and that might be used by more than one person. In the case of someone like AOL who uses proxy servers, there may be thousands of people seeing a page but only one request. Bottom line: hit counts are interesting, and are an indication of how popular a page is. But they are not an exact measure. Notinasnaid 12:57, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
Actually, they're more of an indication of how popular the pages that link to them are, at least in as far as it concerns people who follow such a link. Once there, they may decide it's not what they wanted (of course, this depends on how you define 'popularity'). Popularity of the page itself would be indicated by returning visitors - ie the 'multiple requests' you're talking about. DirkvdM 08:14, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

Squash and... squash[edit]

I can't find any information about the "Sweet Mama" squash, also known as "Sugar Loaf". (Produce code 4779 if anyone keeps up with that sort of thing.) Does anyone here know their squash? --Syndrome 14:16, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

  • What sort of information are you seeking? Google provides a lot of hits. --jpgordon∇∆∇∆ 16:14, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

types of selection and retcruitment?[edit]

types of selection and retcruitment of people in an organisation it may be a service sector, manufacturing industry or any and what are the merits and demerits present in selection and retcruitment.and what are the steps followed by them

Please read the instructions at the top of this page concerning asking homework questions. Dismas|(talk) 15:33, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
I second that! And I never did see the short-lived template that heaps scorn and abuse on homework-seekers. Not that I would ever do that.... --Zeizmic 16:18, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
Oh, you mean this one? It used to look like a cleanup box, but someone thought it was much too fangly and I thought it did too, now that he/she/it mentioned it. Please do your own homework. We are not going to help you cheat. We do or have already done our homework; it's your turn to do yours. Your question may be deleted if you see this notice; you should reformat it to prevent this from happening.

How much of a drug constitutes "personal use"?[edit]

How much marijuana or cocaine can you have in Australia and still have it count as personal use? (and this isn't anything shady, I'm writing a short story).

In Canada, it's as much as you can fit in a standard 16' canoe. --Zeizmic 16:20, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
In which state have you set your story? Criminal law is decided by the states and territories, and what you ask is different in each - unless your character is importing the drugs into the country (which is covered by Federal statute). This page might be a good place to start looking for general information, otherwise searching for 'NSW drug laws' or 'Queensland drug laws' or whatever is probably your best option. Natgoo 19:00, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
  • In the USA, I recently saw a case where $180 worth of marijuana was considered to be in the gray area between criminal possession (what casual smokers and addicts get charged with) and criminal possession with intent to distribute (what small-time dealers get charged with). --Mareino 19:10, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

Availability of TV Pilots[edit]

Is there any way I could see television pilot episodes that never generated a series? What is the copyright status of the recordings, and who could I obtain them from? Would a network destroy the episodes, keep them on casette/film/etc, or give them back to the director? 16:40, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

The same copyright status applies to those as would to shows that were picked up. The networks would certainly keep the pilots and that's probably the best place to go. - Akamad 19:32, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
I would think the production company that created the pilot (and there are, I imagine, hundreds of pilots every year) would keep the rejected ones. --jpgordon∇∆∇∆ 20:23, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
Seconding jpgordon. The network would most likely just refer you to the production company anyway, so you might as well eliminate the middleman. By the way, some pilots end up floating around the net because various collectors may have an interest in the producer, one of the actors involved, etc. If you provide a name I could do a quick dig around for you. --Aaron 23:05, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
  • The Museum of TV and Radio might be willing to help you, if you can give them a legitimate reason for your interest. From what I recall, they only have the pilots of very successful shows in their own collection, but they have very good contacts with just about every company in showbiz.--Mareino 19:07, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

Windows registry help![edit]

Is there a way to replace or edit the Windows XP registry file with another file if you hook up the disc with Windows XP on it to another computer. This would be because Windows XP will not start up on that machine with that disc in there, so I hooked it up to another machine running windows in the hope that it I could copy over a good backed up registry file. Is this possible? If so how do you do it and what file do you replace?

Advising someone to fiddle with the windows' registry is equivalent to telling them how to diffuse a bomb (cut the red wire!). --Zeizmic 18:37, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
I'm not sure I understand your question. Are you asking "Is there way to replace a copy of the Windows XP registry with a backup copy on disk?"? If so, I believe the answer is "yes" but I don't remember how to do it exactly. I recommend taking a look at what Microsoft has to say on restoring the registry as it might be helpful. --Fastfission 21:40, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
As with all my advice on Windows Registry modifications: If you have to ask, reinstall Windows. If you have to ask twice, buy a Mac. And if you have to ask a third time, why didn't you listen to me when I told you to buy a Mac? Cernen Xanthine Katrena 11:52, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
See, now I feel guilty for having killed this topic, so I'm going to give you an honest answer now. In Windows of old, there were two "real" files for the registry: "User.dat/da0" and "System.dat/da0." Now, there are five. Two of them are "SAM" and "HIVE" but I can't recall the other three. Like I suggested before, reinstalling windows is your 100% best bet, as editing the registry can at the worst tank any chance of you ever getting Windows to reinstall. And of course, my original suggestion still stands: buy a Mac. They don't have a tendency to murder themselves. Cernen Xanthine Katrena 08:08, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
  • Your not really supposed to do that. KILO-LIMA 19:11, 23 January 2006 (UTC)

The Quizzes[edit]

Whats the best program to do quizzes in? How exactly do you make them? Can you point me out to a tutorial? Thanks --Young XenoNeon (converse) 17:50, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

There are lots of different kinds of quizzes. For instance, there are quizzes that a person prints out, writes on, and sends back to you. Or there are quizzes that go on a web server, so you do it all on the web. And many other. Perhaps you could tell us what sort of quizzes you've seen, or you like, or you want to create. Notinasnaid 18:47, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

I would wish to create quizzes similar to the Funtrivia format - you do the quiz and you press a button and it assesses if your answers are correct.--Young XenoNeon (converse) 19:28, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

That go on a web server and automatically perform such operations--Young XenoNeon (converse) 19:30, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

Please answer this question. I want to know--Young XenoNeon (converse) 19:14, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
Please keep in mind, Xeno, that if we can't answer a question, we won't, or give you a fair shot at a decent answer that'll get you where you need to go. Patience is a virtue... Cernen Xanthine Katrena 21:18, 19 January 2006 (UTC)
Waiting Patiently... *years later Xenos questions have not been answered--Young XenoNeon (converse) 11:26, 21 January 2006 (UTC)

Snes games[edit]

does anynone know ALL snes game that you are able to play with mouse, play with the scope, and play with more than 2 players??

Just visited an article similar to the one you seem to be seeking, good fellow: List of SNES games. While I don't know ALL of them, I do know that Caesar's Palace and Mario Paint can both be played with the mouse; Yoshi's Safari can be played with the Scope, and most of the Bomberman games utilized the Multi-Tap (as it was Hudson that created it...) Cernen Xanthine Katrena 11:45, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

console sounds band[edit]

there is a band called Machinae Supremacy that uses sounds of commodore 64, there is a band that use sounds of sega master system or snes??

I'm not sure what you mean by "sounds". There are plenty of cover bands out there, though, that play video game music on their own way (usually crappy rock\metal). For SNES I guess you could start at Minibosses. Not particularly aware of any cover band for SMS, but there's Mega Driver for the Sega Mega Drive / Genesis. ☢ Ҡieff 20:05, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
Try Estradasphere, and perhaps the The One-Up Mushrooms (I am rather surprised nobody has written an article about they who hath done a medley of Super Mario World themes for a christmas song...I shall have to start one, I suppose). Cernen Xanthine Katrena 11:49, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
There's a whole genre of music produced with obsolete computer/console sound chips. See Chip music. [37] [38] chocolateboy 13:12, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

Supply Chain: Use of ICTs[edit]

Explain ways that using ICTs within a supply chain can make a difference to an organisation

Do your own homework. Well, think about it, if I wanted to write a report if I was a school teacher, if I had knowledge of ICT it would help, wouldn't it?--Young XenoNeon (converse) 19:40, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

Y'know, Xeno, it'd be really sad if he was the school teacher. Cernen Xanthine Katrena 08:03, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

Trying to Find the type of Cat my mother has[edit]

Hello Wikipedia Reference Staff:

My mother was recently given a kitten. This kitten is long-haired, grey and white (patchy) with a long bushy tail and it has big blue eyes. It has a very odd doubt tuft of hair growing out of each of it's ears and a friend told my mother that this cat is a very rare breed. The cat was purchased at the local Humane Society and we cannot find out if it really is "a type". All I know is that my mother loves "Baby" and Baby is a very sweet cat. Is there anything in what I've given you that could help you figure out if it does come from a particular breed?

Many thanks. Catherine Stuart Email: cstuart at hydro dot mb dot ca

Do you have a picture of the cat you could link to, just to help reduce the possibilities? GeeJo (t) (c) 20:19, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
You might have a look at our List of cat breeds to see if anything matches. Note that even if your cat resembles, and seems to have parentage from a specific breed, without a written pedigree recording its ancestry back several generations it's not going to be valuable for commercial breeding, but that in no way affects Baby's ability to be a loving pet! By the way, feral cats are a major environmental and animal welfare problem in many places; you should strongly consider getting your mother's cat desexed. --Robert Merkel 04:25, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
  • "grey and white with big blue eyes" sounds a lot like the new Blue Peter kitten Socks who's a ragdoll (long hair and bright blue eyes are their trademark). Without a photograph I can't be sure about that, though. Maybe your local vet can tell you what breed it is. - Mgm|(talk) 08:55, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
I'm thinking Norwegian Forest Cat. (grey and white ones do have blue eyes sometimes). --BluePlatypus 16:30, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

Article Creation[edit]

I very well understand from the website how to write an article and edit it. Problem is, I still don't understand how to set a new category to put it in, or how to make a new page that I could paste it into. How?

Please read the directions above and ask this question at the WP:Help desk, which is full of people eager to help you with question about how to do things here and how wikipedia works. alteripse 22:37, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

To avoid having to repaste the question, you need to add [[Category:Foo]] to an article to put it into a category, and by convention it's typically put at the end of the text. To find the most appropriate/specific category to add it to, have a look around related categories and see where they branch out, or see what categories that related articles have been put into (avoid creating new, overly-specific categories if you can help it.) As to creating a new page, just search for a topic by entering it into the search bar. If we don't have an article on it, you'll get a prompt asking if you want to create one. Hope that helps! GeeJo (t) (c) 23:40, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
Also, it's not required that every article be categorized. You could create the article without a category. You or someone else might later find or create an appropriate category for it. If not, you've still helped to improve the encyclopedia, assuming the new article is a legitimate one. JamesMLane 10:20, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
And don't worry; we won't think it's vandalism, because if you actually put [[Category:Foo]] in a new article, we're gonna know it's you and attack you with welcome templates and wikithankses and barnstars oh my! Cernen Xanthine Katrena 11:39, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
A couple of other points - even a very general category is better than none, and if you can't even think of a general category, you can always add {{catneeded}}, which will alert other editors to the fact that it's an article without a category. Grutness...wha? 05:03, 21 January 2006 (UTC)

A movie title[edit]

I can't remember the name of a movie from about 1985-1995 which was about a man who dressed and lived as a woman (transvestite?)and his true gender wasn't revealed until the end of the movie. It was a very powerful movie and I think it was nominated for an Academy Award in some category. Please help me find the title! Thanks... Karen

I'm quite sure I know the movie you're talking about, but don't want to put a spoiler on this page. If you'd like to email me, I'll be happy to get back to you: mitchell (at) mitchellkdwyer (dot) net. --Mitchell k dwyer 22:54, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
Very noble of you, but seriously, does anyone who cares not know that spoiler? Anyway, if you want to know what it is, click on this IMDB link. --Canley 00:01, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
Seriously, of course there are people who don't know. Remember, new people are coming along all the time, and they'll appreciate you doing it that way. --Anon 08:49 UTC.

{{spoiler-blank|The movie title you've requested is listed below, but because I'd rather not spoil it for the rest of the people here, even though to spoil it, they'd have to know what movie it is, I put this warning here to keep them all at bay so I don't get lynched or sent to RfA.}}

To Wong Foo, Thanks For Everything, Julie Newmar. Yeah, that's a spoiler, but that's why we have Cernen Xanthine Katrena 11:21, 17 January 2006 (UTC)


Be warned, folks.. it's a big spoiler. Right up there with the truth about the mother of the guy who ran that motel, if you know what I mean. --BluePlatypus 16:27, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
If you're worried, you could put the spoiler on your talk page and link it from here. – b_jonas 23:06, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

So you do what they told you[edit]

A while back I heard a song on the radio with the lyric "So you do what they told you". I thought of it recently, but I can't remember what it was, can anyone tell me what the song is called and the band/artist? I think it was on a station that plays alternative rock, if that helps. Thanks in advance, Yeltensic42.618 don't panic 23:35, 16 January 2006 (UTC)

Could it be "Killing in the Name" by Rage Against the Machine? -- Mitchell k dwyer 23:47, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
I'd say given the station, it could also be Arctic Monkeys' Riot Van, though I did think of RATM GeeJo (t) (c) 23:50, 16 January 2006 (UTC)
I'm not sure if either of those are it, but thank you. Yeltensic42.618 don't panic 02:17, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
After consulting an offline "witness", I think it's more likely that it was RATM. Thanks again for your help. Yeltensic42.618 don't panic 19:28, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

January 17[edit]

Great White Shark[edit]

I looked through your GW shark page but couldn't find that answer to "What is the average size of the Great White Shark jaw?" I don't want the record size, just average for an adult. Thanks! :)

This site sells replicas with the following description and price(!):
Size: 36"W, 30"H, 21" jaw opening
Origin: Oceanic Islands, Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean.
Our Price:$ 3,195.00 --hydnjo talk 01:27, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

do you accept new links[edit]


I'm writing to you today because I recently browsed your website at:

I was wondering if your web site accepts new links.

I am looking for websites like yours to trade reciprocal links with. I think the topic of our site is compatible with the content of your site. It would be beneficial for both of us to trade links. Our website, http:// www dot kofutu dot com promotes Kofutu Spiritual Healing courses, Personal Development, Meditation classes, Lists Healers, Instructors, and Links.

If you do accept new links please post this link and email me at lonnkofutu at yahoo dot com With the NAME: URL: and DESCRIPTION: of the link you would like posted to the Kofutu Links Page at: http:// www dot kofutu dot com/links dot htm

Regards, Lonn Lilledahl Links Administrator lonnl at kofutu dot com http:// www dot kofutu dot com

K space Rice space Publishing P.O. space Box space 1744 space Minnetonka, space MN space 55345-0744

Sorry, but we do not accept commercial links. Thanks for the offer anyway. alteripse 02:07, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

where to hit a billiard ball[edit]

The preceding unsigned header was added by AnneatAdminqld (talk • contribs) . Please see Billiards#Shooting techniques/mechanics. The answer depends on what you're trying to do. -- Rick Block (talk) 05:02, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

woman flatulence[edit]

do woman have flatulence at times?

Yes. —Keenan Pepper 03:49, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
Robert Mitchum's successful proposal to his future wife, stick with me and you'll be farting through silk. hydnjo talk 03:55, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
Ooo can I add that to the article? Do you have a source? —Keenan Pepper 04:52, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
Take your pick hydnjo talk 16:44, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
[39] Look down the page for a reviewer named Jason Parkes. If he is to be believed--and what would be the point of his lying?-- it's in the book Robert Mitchum: "Baby, I Don't Care by Lee Server. I haven't read it myself so I can't say for certain.--Pucktalk 14:52, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

At times? I recently heard how often your average person farts in one day. I can't remember exactly what it was, but it was well over ten times. And I don't see how female digestion would be so different that they'd fart more or less than men. DirkvdM 08:28, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
Yes, but on average in many societies (a) women are more polite than men and (b) flatulence, especially if audible, is considered impolite. Therefore on average more women will work to hold it in. Notinasnaid 09:16, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
Of course, they all say their farts smell like rose petals, or potpurri or some other fragrant thing that doesn't smell like...well...farts. Is this because of that whole "more polite than men" bit or egocentricity or what? I don't understand that part. (I didn't ask this question, I swear.) Cernen Xanthine Katrena 11:15, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

"Have you passed gas yet?" is one of the first questions surgeons on morning rounds ask their patients recovering from abdominal surgery. That and the presence of bowel sounds (by listening to the abdomen with a stethoscope) are prime indicators that the bowels are working and eating can be resumed. alteripse 13:49, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

  • Whoopi Goldberg is eloquent on her different kind of farts in the book 'Whoopi Goldberg Book'.


I'm looking for the correct way to cause a 'burnout' in my car. you know, spinning tires, lots of noise, rubber on the road. i'm driving a manual transmission mazda rx-8, rear wheel drive, if that makes any difference.

this guy suggests some techniques; basically it's got to do with holding the brakes on lightly and standing on the throttle. Please note Wikipedia:Risk disclaimer and don't try it on public roads, where there's anybody close by, or you'll put yourself in danger if you stuff it up (for instance, you suddenly gain traction and start accelerating towards the scenery at an alarming rate). Note also that burnouts are also a good way to destroy tyres and shorten the life of other driveline components. But it's your money and your life...--Robert Merkel 04:17, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

person on pitbull's shirt[edit]

OK in pitbull's music video "dammit man" and at the end, the camera pointed at pitbull's shirt which looked like some religious leader or something that has something to do with cuba. who is that? P.S. sorry, can't supply a pic for ya, you are on your own.

I haven't seen the video, but it's probably Che Guevera (sp?).
Does it look like this? If so, it's Che Guevara.

not sure[edit]

In a computer class do not understand converting words to bytes or how many bytes are contained in a word. For instance how many bytes in the words Genaral Ledger? Is each letter a bit I know it takes 8 bits to make a byte so since there are 13 letters would this be 1 byte?

One bit is only enough information to distinguish between two possibilities. There are more than two letters, so each letter must be more than a bit. ASCII and many other character encodings use one byte per letter, but not always. —Keenan Pepper 04:49, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
If "Genaral Ledger" were a C-style string it would contain the characters 'G', 'e', 'n', 'a', 'r', 'a', 'l', ' ', 'L', 'e', 'd', 'g', 'e', 'r', and the terminating '\0', so it would be 15 bytes long. —Keenan Pepper 04:55, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
For further information, see bit, byte, word (computer science), and character encoding. --Robert Merkel 05:06, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
EBCDIC, which is an alternative to ASCII, has 16 bits in a byte. Then there are 64 bit systems. That space between General and Ledger is also a byte in most every system I know. Now General Ledger is the name of a type of accounting application which can contain millions of bytes. User:AlMac|(talk) 09:57, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
This is kind of getting off track, but the EBCDIC I learned was a character code with no more than 256 positions, and was normally stored in 8-bit bytes. Variations for character code length include UCS-2 (a kind of Unicode) with 16 bytes, CDC display code with 6 bytes, and UTF-8, with a variable number of bytes between 1 and 6. But this doesn't really help to explain the original question. Let's try this...
Characters are really numbers. There are different lists of numbers used, but for instance, number 32 is a space in many lists, and 65 is a letter "A". When you put these numbers in a computer, they need a certain amount of space. The most common systems used in English-speaking countries have 256 characters in all, numbered from 0 to 255. Numbers from 0 to 255 can be all stored in 8 bits. On most modern computers, 8 bits is a byte. Except for the idea that characters are really numbers, any of these things are just examples, and may be different. Why? Well, think about the Japanese, who have tens of thousands of characters: they will need a different system. That's probably enough for now. There's a lot more to be said: I have an 1100 page book on the subject in front of me, and that only covers Chinese, Japanese, Korean and Vietnamese. Notinasnaid 10:17, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
Oops, I still didn't answer the question about words. Well, words are usually made up of bytes. I have used computers with 2, 4, 8 or 10 bytes per word. So to find out how many words a string uses you must (1) find out how many bytes for that string (2) find out how many bytes in a word (3) divide one by the other, rounding the result up. Notinasnaid 10:19, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
Then there is also Huffman coding, which uses different numbers of bits for different letters. Common letters use fewer bits, so an average text will get shorter than if coded with ASCII. 22:02, 21 January 2006 (UTC)

Why is it called an iPod?[edit]

(no question other than the header)

Personally I think it's to do with the rest of Apple's products - nearly all of them have a vowel in the start of their names. User:bd

  • iDon't know, and iDon't care; it's one of the best MP3 players I've ever owned. Cernen Xanthine Katrena 11:11, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

Fable: Lost Chapters[edit]

How do I get out the sword stuck in the stone near the Temple of Avo?

Beef up your strength, you'll need the top level of it to pull it out. GeeJo (t) (c) 19:19, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

Name a few good places to get experience.

try looking through Category:Red-light districts.

lp cleaning[edit]

I've been cleaning lp's with a disco-antistat cleaning kit, but using a mix of demineralised water and washing up liquid (Dubro). I've cleaned about 60 lp's in three batches, with overall good results. But one lp still had that easily recognisable crackling noise that dust gives. So I played it wet and it sounded just fine. So I gave it another bath, this time with just demineralised water. That seemed to improve things a bit, but the result was nowhere near as good as playing wet (which gave hardly any noise). So I tried two more baths, each time with more washing up liquid, because without that, the water sticks to the lp, not dripping off well enough (it needs to drip because else it will evaporate and leave the dust on the lp). With no improvement. This is driving me nuts. How can all other lp's be just fine and this one not? And how can there still be dust (or what else could it be?) on the lp after four baths? Bathing should have the same effect as playing wet, right? The album is 'No heavy petting' by UFO (1976), Chrysalis records, printed in Germany (Phonogram). I see nothing else on the lp to distinguish it from others. DirkvdM 10:58, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

  • In the world of IT, rubbing alcohol seems to do the trick on just about anything. WD-40 is also a possibility, but I've never cleaned LP records before. (Though it may make sense to try WD-40; while it is a lubricant, it might make the LP stay "wet" in a sense... Cernen Xanthine Katrena 11:07, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
    • WD-40 makes a bad lubricant. I know, tons of people use it as one but there are better lubricants. And the WD stands for "water displacement" so it would keep water off the records and still keep that "wet" feeling. Although it will trap dust and dirt. That's one of the major drawbacks of using it as a lubricant. Dismas|(talk) 11:55, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
I'd say any lubricant is bad because the needle has to be in as direct a contact with the groove as possible. And it's an oil, meaning dust would stick to the record, which is baaaad (the article even states that it collects dust). The idea is to remove everything from the surface. To clarify; after bathing I hang up the record on a steel bar (through the hole) to let it drip dry (not evaporate, because that would leave a residue). But the point is that the washing up liquid bath works fine for all records except this one. And the treatment should work as well as playing wet, shouldn't it? DirkvdM 12:37, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
For old, out of print recordings, I recommend not living in the US, and using a gnutella variant on the Internet. Most likely some audio hobbyist has made a clean recording off the vinyl. If you are a fanatic, you might have to look for the 24 bit stuff. --Zeizmic 14:07, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

Thanks for all the tips, but the question was meant more theoretical, or how should I put that. Let me rephrase it. If I've thoroughly cleaned the lp, then what on Earth can cause the crackling? I bought the lp 2nd hand, so might it be that the previous owner somehow caused loads of tiny scratches (which I can't see, by the way), and, if so, how does playing the lp wet stop them from crackling? DirkvdM 15:51, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

Presumably through the water filling out the cracks. Which means that it's also filling out the grooves which are intended to be there, and you'll have a loss of fidelity. Basically the same effect as a low-pass filter. --BluePlatypus 16:23, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
I thought about that too, but the low-pass filter effect would indeed follow from it, and that makes it rather unlikely because some audio freaks play all their records wet. Could be snobism, but then the real experts would point that out and I've done a fair bit of reading on the subject a few years ago and I would surely have come across any comments on that. Which I haven't. DirkvdM 19:42, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
Maybe the water prevents the needle from jumping around due to surface tension. --Uthbrian (talk) 23:17, 22 January 2006 (UTC)

Time measurement[edit]

Could someone please tell me Who invented the measurement of time. EG: Division of days into hours etc. Division of years into months etc.

All are lost in mists of prehistory. There is much evidence that both Sumerians and Egyptians had elaborate time systems (calendars, etc), but we do not know for certain that they were the first. Some have argued that various stone age relics such as bone carving show time records such as day tallies. It seems likely that some sort of time marking occurred at very early stages of human society all over the world. alteripse 12:32, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

Wow, I was surprised that you just didn't tell them to to type 'time' into THE BOX, until I read it. Those dang Philosophers have gone to town again, and done something that competes with Scientific method, as 'most obscure'. --Zeizmic 13:06, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
The Romans named some months, such as after an emperor (July for Julius and August for, ehm, August) or a God (March for Mars and June for Juno). And they added a ninth month (november, after 'novem' for 'nine') and a tenth month (december, from deca). Somehow these came to be our 11th and 12th month. DirkvdM 13:40, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
And we've got 365 days in a year because of the Egyptians - that was the average time between the risings of this one star, and the one star rose every time the Nile was about to flood. The Romans came up with a twelve hour day, but I think the Egyptians might have had a 24 hour day.


What are the genres of pornography

See List of pornographic sub-genres. Dismas|(talk) 13:56, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
Ohmigod, they actually have genres of pornography? They barely have PLOTS. Cernen Xanthine Katrena 07:56, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
I think by 'genres', they mean 'positions'.--Fangz 04:02, 19 January 2006 (UTC)
Heh-heh! KILO-LIMA 19:09, 23 January 2006 (UTC)

Things on the cereal box[edit]

Near the product name on a cereal box there is a small "K" what does the K mean?

Could it be a hechsher? —Keenan Pepper 14:31, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

Perhaps Kellogs? KILO-LIMA 19:08, 23 January 2006 (UTC)

Jimmy Timmy Power Hour 2 on YTV?[edit]

I have watched Jimmy Timmy Power Hour, a crossover between Jimmy Neutron Boy Genius (television series) and Fairly-Odd Parents (another TV series) on YTV. The first one... but the second one has still not aired. And I read that it will be aired on the 16th, but on Nickledeon. So can you please tell me when Jimmy Timmy Power Hour 2 will air on YTV. And League of Villians (Jimmy Neutron special) as well.

Thank you very much.

I await for your answer.

Please tell us what country and city you're from - there are far too many television stations in the world to be able to provide and answer with what you've provided us. Plus, this kind of information is much more likely to be found on YTV's website, or the website of your local YTV affiliate. — QuantumEleven | (talk) 14:24, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

Okay I'm from Winnipeg, Manitoba. And I checked the YTV website, they have nothing on Jimmy Timmy Power Hour, or the second one for that matter.

Dr Me[edit]

I'm in the UK, and would like to be a Dr of something. I don't want to take the cheaters route of changing my name, I want to be a genuine Dr. I have heard the Doctor of Education is the simplest doctorate to do (no offence to those who have one), any better ideas? Bear in mind I am very, very lazy. Cheers guys. Jon 14:41, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

Easy if you have the cash. See diploma mill or google diploma mill and you will get lots of hits. For specific ads, look in the classified ad pages of magazines whose reading audience is generally non-collegiate (like Soldier of Fortune). Good luck, future doctor! alteripse 14:45, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

  • Easy is rather subjective. That works in your favor. Is there something that you like to read about, study, or pontificate about? It can be silly, like "how to brew beer so that it has more bubbles" or "the ancient history of toilets." As long as it's something where you would actually enjoy the long hours of figuring out what has been undocumented by scholars and then documenting it, then you can get a doctorate in it. --Mareino 19:03, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
You can't just 'do a doctorate', you need an undergraduate degree first. And it'll usually need to be in that field to qualify you for postgraduate studies. Spending years studying something just because you want nothing but a title is silly. (And unheard of. None of the PhDs I know even use their title outside of academic contexts.) Titles have no value in themselves. --BluePlatypus 19:34, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
Would it have to be a British degree? Maybe in some countries you can more easily get one. Don't know where, just an idea. DirkvdM 20:37, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
Speaking as somebody who has a PhD: Go join a band instead. It's easier, and it'll probably impress more people, particularly young members of the appropriate gender ;) --02:53, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

A series engine modifications[edit]

I would like to find out more information about the MAE engine and its development and variants could somebody steer me please. Many thanks JW


Is it possible to track an persons address from his IP Address? or how closely is it possible(country,county,city?). unsigned question by User:Jonoleth

IP addresses are all registered to a particular organisation, and the registration information is often public. A lot depends on the organisation. For example, if the IP address belonged to a company with offices in only one place, and with people working there using the internet, this will tell you where they work. The company itself might or might not be able to identify an individual. By contrast, if the address is shown as belonging to AOL, this may tell you nothing except that the person is an AOL subscriber (probably in a specific country); AOL may have detailed logs identifying the person who was using a particular IP address at a given time. Notinasnaid 18:09, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
In the middle of those two extremes are companies like Verizon which have regional NOCs. For instance, my IPs always trace to Reston, VA. It's close, but in my case you'd never know I actually live in a different state.--Pucktalk 19:46, 17 January 2006 (UTC) might help. Haven't used it myself much yet, so I don't know how reliable it is, but the place to enter the IP address is under WHOIS lookup (third down on the left). DirkvdM 20:50, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

Gun barrel bore.[edit]

Why is 9mm such a popular bore size for hand guns. Why not 10mm or 8mm? wsc

  • It's a common bullet design that's achieved popularity, and since it works well, we keep using it. There are larger bullets out there, but they have correspondingly greater recoil; a .45 or 10mm kicks much more than a 9mm. A .40 S&W is basically a reduced power 10mm, for lower recoil and reduced stress on the gun. A smaller bullet like an 8mm would probably carry much less power, especially at the (relatively) low velocities that a handgun produces. .32 ACP is one 8mm pistol cartridge out there.
There's an enormous logistical inertia connected to any cartridge in military service. 9mm is the NATO standard and not likely to go away soon. .30-06 stuck around for almost 50 years. It's the economics of volume. The common nature of the bullets makes them cheap to buy and popular to use, and their popularity in guns leads to greater volumes of manufacture and lower cost. Night Gyr 17:39, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

planting avocado seeds[edit]

What is the correct way to plant an avocado seed so it grows into a plant, up or down?

Seeds are gravitropic, they'll germinate towards the surface no matter which way up they are GeeJo (t) (c) 19:14, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
See this article for some growing tips. hydnjo talk 19:58, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

I have a similar question. I am able to get avocado pits to grow, but at some point they seem to die off. I call this "puberty", as it happens when they are about a meter high and start to produce what looks like wood in the formerly green stalk. The leaves shrivel and drop off from the bottom up. During this time new leaves are growing at the top, but at a slower rate than the old leaves at the bottom are dropping off. Eventually the final leaves at the top die. Do they need something different when this occurs ? StuRat

Are the roots in good condition ? Also, cropping plants might make them stronger ? --DLL 22:32, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

Worldwide List of Military Academies[edit]

Does anyone know how the list of "Government-run higher-level military academies" in the "Military academies" article got populated? I am engaged in a research project in which I am trying to identify all the military academies in the world, their dates of functioning, any previous names, whether they are state-controlled and -funded, and whether their graduates receive commissions in their countries' armed forces. So, does anyone know of a global listing of military academies?

Thank you very much in advance.


-- 17:33, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

game space on HD[edit]

Is Unreal Tournament the most HD-space-hungry computer game?

I strongly suggest you reword this question, because I have no idea what you're asking. I'll give a punt, but I can't guarantee anything.
Now, is Unreal Tournament the most HD-space-hungry computer game? Answer: I'd don't think so. F.E.A.R. I think has since taken the record, if the distribution medium is anything to go off; however that is set to change as artificial intelligence engines, like the Unreal Engine, become more sophisticated, and therefore requiring more memory and more HDD space to store the AI code. --JB Adder | Talk 11:54, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
I'm not even sure that FPS games are the most HD-space-hungry; I haven't installed FEAR, so I don't know how much HD space it actually uses, but from my experience, commercial Flightsims like MSFS or Xplane take up much more HD space than shooters - not because the code is so complicated but because the sheer amount of terrain data is so huge. If you count third-party add-ons, an installation of MSFS can grow well beyond 10GB in no time at all -- Ferkelparade π 14:09, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
AI Code is nothing when it comes to the amount of hard drive space a game needs. Millions of lines of code are still just a few tens of megabytes compiled. They may need more RAM to load and calculate, but that's not the question. The single largest space consumer is the art, especially high resolution, high quality textures, which can easily take up several megabytes just for the data to create a single 3d model. With the growing size and detail level of environments, graphics are going to be the big driver of space requirements. Night Gyr 08:29, 19 January 2006 (UTC)

xplane 8 need 10GB in HD.There is a game that need more space than that game.

FEAR isn't that big: a snug 5GB. Metal Gear Solid 2: Substance came out to a ginormous 10GB, probably because of all the movies and voice acting. I can't think of anything bigger, besides things like flight simulators. --Sum0 16:40, 18 January 2006 (UTC)


IDENTITY, definition[edit]

Hello, the subject of particular interest is identity in the architecture, but before approaching it I need it to start from a state of the question of the word and to analyze the different definitions and the connotations that it acquires. I would appreciate that you recommend me bibliography referred to the general and specific subject.

(Maybe the reason no one is answering is because you need to narrow your question down to something less vague. —Keenan Pepper 18:53, 20 January 2006 (UTC))


What type of economic system does the Ukraine have? ie-capitalist, socialist, communist, mixed, etc.

According to Ukraine#Economy of Ukraine, socialist, with the current government leaning towards privatisation. GeeJo (t) (c) 19:39, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
The main Economy of Ukraine article has a lot more detail. If you read this article and the article linked in GeeJo's post (above) you wil know more about this subject than any of your classmates.  :-) hydnjo talk 19:48, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
Terminology is a bit tricky here. GeeJo's answer is about the common usage, but strictly speaking they've got a capitalist economy, like pretty much any country in the world. Even the Netherlands; despite the many socialist 'corrections', the basis is still capitalist (ie we've got a liberal (free) market system). The Ukraine used to have a socialist ecomomy when it was part of the USSR. See socialism. Particularly the second line; Communist economies don't exist (yet?) on a national scale. The largest scale example of that would probably be Israel's kibbutzim. Impress your teach with that bit of wisdom! DirkvdM 21:00, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
Terminology isn't really that tricky if people would stop confusing political terms with economic ones. :) I'd put it this way: There are free markets, regulated markets and planned economies, and they form a spectrum from the 100% free to the 100% planned. Politically, the right favors more free markets and the left favors more regulated markets. --BluePlatypus 09:56, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

But in many non-Anglo-Saxon countries the political right doesnt like business getting too much power, so favours more political control as well. The nationalist politicians of Eastern Europe may well go down this route (like Putin) Jameswilson

What is the windiest street in the world?[edit]

Many websites make the claim that Lombard Street in San Francisco, California, is the windiest street in the world ("windiest" as in "lots of twists and turns", not as in "gusty and breezy"). I see that our own article on that street doesn't make such a grand claim, stating instead that Lombard Street is the "crookedest [most winding] street in the United States". But is that even true? What is the crookedest street in the world? In the United States? My own vote has to go to the highway that leads south of Ebolowa, Cameroon, to the border with Gabon. Switchback after switchback, apparently so that the Cameroonian military can hide just out of sight in case the Gabonese army decides to invade. But, then, it's a highway, so maybe it doesn't count. Any objective sources on this topic? — BrianSmithson 20:08, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

  • Lombard isn't even the crookedest street in San Francisco; Vermont St. has one fewer curves, but they're all a lot sharper and steeper. No pretty flowers, though. --jpgordon∇∆∇∆ 21:02, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
Wellington is also known as 'windy city'. Which street would be windiest, I haven't a clue. As for crooked streets, old European cities made their streets crooked deliberately to slow down invading armies. And Amsterdam's canals make a half circle. But in the sense of winding streets, ones that make long steep climbs would probably qualify best. Maybe the Khyber pass? And then there's always the 'long and winding road that leads to your door'. Don't know where that is, though, probably somewhere in Liverpool. :) DirkvdM 21:04, 17 January 2006 (UTC)\
Can't speak for the world, but Melbourne is by far the windiest place in Australia in my experience, and the non-Paris end of Collins St is easily the windiest place in Melbourne I know of. JackofOz 21:21, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

I have a question also. I was told by a science professor that Perth, Western Australia is the second windiest city after Chicago. Is this true or just some made up informtion to keep the students interested?

I would have thought Mexico City would be the windiest city, based on the number of inhabitants and quantity of refried beans consumed there. StuRat 10:23, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

Hell`s thermodynamics[edit]

I was wondering if there is any hint in any of the religions that consider the existence of hell as to hell is either exothermic(that releases heat) or endothermic (that absorbes heat). You could also address the problem outside of the religious scope if you wish. Thanks.

Raul Ovalle. Dominican Republic

  • Have a look at this[[40]]. --Goshawk 20:54, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
  • Yup, that's an old joke. (well, to me anyway..) In any case the existence of Hell is rather disputed. Judaisim didn't really have one, and neither did early Christianity (One of the early fathers of the church, Origen flat-out denied it). So there certainly isn't any proper Canon as to the thermodynamic nature of hell. As quoted in the Hell article, Pope JP2 said: Hell indicates the state of those who freely and definitively separate themselves from God, the source of all life and joy., so you could, I suppose, interpret that as an "isolated system" in thermodynamic terms. --BluePlatypus 21:00, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
Hmm, not 'after they die'? So they (including me) are already in hell? So hell is here on Earth? And if I'm already in hell, then what did the poor buggers in war zones and natural disaster areas do wrong? Or might that be heaven? Does God have a sense of humour we don't get? DirkvdM 07:45, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
  • Cool, I agree with BluePlatypus! I think the answer to DirkvdM's question requires taking the Pope's definition of hell at face value. The Pope meant hell is a state of spritual isolation AND ALSO NOT a physical location with brimstone and armies of darkness and such. So those of us who are living in comfort but nevertheless feeling spiritually unsatisfied are in hell (or are hell-bound, I'm not really sure which the Pope meant), but the people in, say, Sudan, who live in a world that rather resembles the American pop-culture hell, are not living in metaphysical hell (unless they, too, are feeling spiritually detached, which must be a great temptation). They are still miserable, but the Christian God seems to have no problem with the "bad things happen to good people" conundrum that makes us mortals very confused; see Book of Job. --Mareino 13:39, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
You have to estimate the amount of fuel needed to burn all the dead people since hell came into action. Still, they shall burn a very long time without disappearing in ashes. Then make an assumption wether hell is isolated or not from the rest of the universe (a black hole ? the center of earth ?), and so on. Good luck.
Can't believe people believing in some hell. It makes the question of God's benevolence and power too hard. Wouldn't Occam stir in his seat in Paradise with such unnecessary concepts. --DLL 22:28, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
That's not hard to believe. If there is a personification of good, then there should also be a personification of bad. Unless the two are rolled into one. Actually, the mediaeval God was a bit of that (in the sense of being the judge, although he left the dirty part of job to the Devil). And why not a personification of all sorts of qualities and phenomena. Most religions seem to have that. I'd say it's rather the concept of one good God without at least one counterpart that's 'unnatural'. Why is it that monotheism has taken off so strongly. Understanding that would give a good insight into the human mind. By the way, funny, it's 'God' and ' the Devil'. Never noticed that before. If there's only one Devil, then why not just 'Devil'? DirkvdM 08:09, 19 January 2006 (UTC)
More than one Devil. Technicaly, it's more like a title. Think of Lucifer and Beelzebub and Satan and all the rest.
I said that wrong, I meant that 'the' should be dropped if it's a name, like 'God'. That would also explain the capitalisation. But if there are so many devils (as with 'gods', the plural is supposedly not to be capitalised), then how can it be 'the' Devil? Aren't those just different names for the same guy (girl?)? DirkvdM 07:42, 21 January 2006 (UTC)
It makes more sense if you do this: replace 'Devil' with 'King'. All those entities were 'Kings' of Hell, i.e., the 'Devil'. And I don't think that they're interchangable, but some people do. It's a matter of opinion. Maybe someday I'll read the Bible and find out if I'm right.
It's worth remembering that some descriptions of Hell (such as Dante's) include both fiery and frozen regions, so in those decriptions there may be equilibrium. Grutness...wha? 05:17, 21 January 2006 (UTC)

Accounting-income statement[edit]

I have an unaudited income statement and i am asked to fix it base on the informations provided. 1. This is a company only run for 4 months every year. The income statement showed only the 4 months rent expense and the information provided the amount of annual rent. However, the information did not state whather the company really paid for 4 months or annual rent. So the question is should I change the amoung of rent expense or not? 2. The company is run by the owner and a part-time employee. The income statement showed only the wages of the part-time employee. So should I add the owner's salary? However, the information did not provide whether the owner really received salary or not, or he only received the company profit. —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talkcontribs)

Is this a question from an H&R Block exam? ..."What is H&R Block?" on the Final Jeopardy! clue. The clue read "Most of this firm's 70,000 seasonal white-collar employees work only four months a year." hydnjo talk 21:31, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

Nope. It is not a question from an H&R Block exam. In fact, I do not know what is H&R Block.

FYI, this site is only to familiarize you with the company. Sorry that I couldn't help with your actual question. hydnjo talk 23:35, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

Accounting regulations vary according to the state or country. The basis is always in the law of the contracts, e.g., is the rent made to the owner or to the company ? If the company uses the premises only four months, who does use it (and pays) during the other seasons when there is no activity ? Then if there is a debt, does it appear in the information provided, and so on. --DLL 22:19, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

The question did not state which state or country, the rent is made to the owner or to the company, the company needed to pay for the whole year or only 4 months. That is the reasons why i do not know to do this question, since the question has many unclear points. May be the question is set to be unclear, in order to let us determine by ourselves.

Rome and the sea[edit]

What's the shortest distance from the city-centre of current-day Rome to the Mediterranean Sea? (And don't say "a straight line" :P) GeeJo (t) (c) 22:33, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

I seem to remember from my Roman history class that it was 12 miles inland, but i can't verify that for you. СПУТНИКССС Р 22:40, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
Ah that would be from the Tyrrhenian Sea. To the Mediterranean would depend on where the "border" between the Tyrrhenian, Ionian Sea and the Mediterranean is. I just measured it on an atlas and it's at least 550 km (342 miles) to Cape Spartivento, Calabria. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 23:17, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
Ta muchly! Sputnik correctly assumed I had no idea about the existence of the Tyrrhenian Sea, so it looks like I both got the answer I wanted and learned something new. :) GeeJo (t) (c) 23:21, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
That's also the reason I come to the reference desk. See the question below. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 00:22, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

The distance is 0 km from Rome to the Papal see, LOL. StuRat 10:43, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

Signal Corps in WWII[edit]

My Grandfather was in the Signal Corps in WWII. I have an item which I do not know what it is. It is in german and looks like a match box. On the fron of it is written: SAKERHETS TANDSTICKOR It lookslike a mechanical device. I would like to know what it is and what it was use for. Any help you could give me would be greatly appreciated.

Jeff haggard

They were a Swedish brand of matches. They also made lighters and according to one thing I just read they also made hand buzzers. Try google "SAKERHETS TANDSTICKOR", plenty of hits. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 23:00, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
Can't find a picture. Do you have one I'm curious. Thanks. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 23:03, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
We don't have an article on that? I had always assumed that that was the matchstick brand. Or is that just in the Netherlands? Well, Sweden too, I assume. By the way, 'tandstickor' sounds a lot like the Dutch word for 'toothpick'. Is that what it means? And, if so, what effect does sulfur have on teeth? :) DirkvdM 07:58, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
"Tand" is indeed "tooth" in Swedish as well, so "tandsticka" could be used to mean toothpick, although "tandpetare" (tooth-picker) is the more common word. "tänd-", however, is from the word "tända" (to light). --BluePlatypus 09:46, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
It's not a brand, "säkerhets tändstickor" (or more correctly "säkerhetständstickor") is Swedish for "safety matches". Safety matches was a Swedish invention, and they held a worldwide monopoly. See also Ivar Kreuger. There are some nice pictures here of some of the various brand-names they were sold under (webpage of the Matchstick Museum in Jönköping). So the reason why your thing has the word "safety matches" on it must be because it's intended to look like a matchbox. So it's probably some kind of novelty item. --BluePlatypus 15:18, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

Fun With Dick & Jane[edit]

Does "Fun With Dick & Jane" have passion, revenge and anything that has something to do with a soap opera?

See Dick and Jane. Given the usage of sentences like "Oh, see. Oh, see Jane. Funny, funny Jane," I can't really see them being particularly controversial in their topic choices. GeeJo (t) (c) 23:02, 17 January 2006 (UTC)
I believe the questioner is referring to Fun with Dick and Jane (2005 movie). Read the article, click on the links. Natgoo 00:13, 18 January 2006 (UTC)


Is any type of arthritis cureable?

By curable do you mean treatable? The section Arthritis#Treatment has some discussion about treatment. hydnjo talk 23:41, 17 January 2006 (UTC)

Sure, septic arthritis is curable with antibiotics. alteripse 01:18, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

January 18[edit]

international business[edit]

in what ways does a company making a direct foreign investment in a new factory have more control than a company engaged in direct exporting? 01:32, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

Your answer: Please do your own homework. Most of us are already in school or have already been through school and have done our homework; it's your turn to do yours. Your question may be deleted if you see this notice; you should reformat it to prevent this from happening. Cernen Xanthine Katrena 07:48, 18 January 2006 (UTC)


I'm trying to make a good analogy--what is the hardiest plant? Or a plant that grows under very extreme conditions? I can't be too specific as to what I'm looking for, a flower(ing plant) would be nice, if one exists; anyway I mean plant like a five-year-old means plant, so while it would be interesting to know of some algae or something that lives on the geothermal ducts (maybe I could use that I guess...), I'd be nice to know of some beautiful flower that grows at in some kind of ridiculous conditions.

Well, the first thing that comes to mind is a cactus. I mean, it doesn't get much more extreme than a desert. Cactus flowers are very beautiful, as well. Also, i've seen some trees, like firs and such, growing right out of a rock face. That's pretty hardy. You might want to take a look at Biome for different habitats, and follow the links to different regions, with different vegatation. You could also take a look at extremophiles, but like you said, most of those creatures would not be recognizable as plants. Hope this is of help... СПУТНИКССС Р 02:39, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
The "Methuselah" tree, a bristlecone, earth's oldest living inhabitant at the age of 4767(±) years would have standing to claim "most hardy". hydnjo talk 02:57, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
I'd say the Methuselah would take the cake. See the bristlecone link for more. The lone cypress tree on the 17-Mile Drive on Pebble Beach is their official symbol (according to our article) and is pretty iconic too in any case. Oh, and Mav has a picture on his userpage of a flower growing on the edge of Death Valley, which would pretty much meet your last point exactly. - Taxman Talk 06:19, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
Edelweiss? Though the article doesn't say it grows in extreme conditions, just inaccessible places. By the way, long-living doesn't necessarily mean hardy, well in pants anyway (dependign on what you mean by the term). Plants that grow under extremely dry conditions have little opportunity to grow, so they grow slowly. And slowing down means living longer, especially in plants. Right? DirkvdM 08:14, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
Try Purple Saxifrage, Arctic Bell-heather, Dwarf Willow, Polar Willow, Lichen, moss and on and on. The heather is used to boil water to give a special flavour to tea and there are several varieties of berries that are edible. There is also the banana plant (don't know the real name) that is yellow and edible, the Inuit children would eat it as candy. For other arctic plants try this and [41]. All of these survive at -50C. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 11:48, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
How about an air fern? I don't think anything kills them. User:Zoe|(talk) 17:23, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
Because they're already dead. Read the article!
Dandelion? Those damn things don't go away, ever...even during the winter...Cernen Xanthine Katrena 23:25, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
...and you just about need napalm to be rid of convolvulus. Grutness...wha? 05:21, 21 January 2006 (UTC)

Adequate ventilation[edit]

My dad had to solder a few wires in my room with lead solder. We opened up the window in order to allow the fumes out. Is this considered adequate ventilation? I'm concerned about lead poisoning. KeeganB

If the solder was was purchased in the last 20 years or so, it probably didn't contain any lead at all. In any event, the heat that your dad used to solder a few wires melted the soldering alloy but was not sufficiently hot so as to vaporize any significant amount of the the metals within the alloy. The smoke that was produced was a result of vaporizing the flux that was included within the soldering material. hydnjo talk 05:35, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
In other words, we aren't doctors but we think that you should be fine. Dismas|(talk) 05:52, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

I know for sure it was lead solder. My dad refuses to use anything else; according to him lead-free solder is inadequate for certain things. KeeganB

If you're not puking, or showing signs of cancer, then my guess is you're a-okay. If you can still smell something, chances are you should put a fan up against the window facing outwards to blow out anything residual. I do this to air out my room every once in a while. It starts to smell like male in here often. Suppose I should clean it more, but meh. Cernen Xanthine Katrena 07:46, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
Yeah, you should be just fine. Lead poisoning is not as great a risk with metallic lead. --BluePlatypus 11:35, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
But don't take my word for it.. Here's a Material Safety Data Sheet for lead. Solid lead is believed to present a relatively low hazard to health, but it is a cumulative poison, and can cause serious harm if inhaled as a powder, or ingested over a long period.. So as long as you ventilate and don't eat it, it should be safe. --BluePlatypus 11:38, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

There is no lead exposure, but I think solder fume is on par with ciggie smoke.[42]

gestion de production[edit]

comment et pourquoi est apparue la gestion de production dans les entreprises ?

Transliteration: how and why the management of production in the companies appeared. Of course, Babelfish is a great big fat liar and nobody should ever trust it/him/her, but still. Any takers? Cernen Xanthine Katrena 07:43, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

Translation seems fine (had to look up 'gestion' though). Haven't a clue what the questioneer is asking though. Some hoax, perchance. Don't get it, so must be German. DirkvdM 08:21, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
Yeah, it's production management. This looks like a typical homework question. Fais ton travail toi-même s'il te plait: deeptrivia (talk) 14:47, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
Do your home work AND try the French reference Desk : "Poser une question" sur la page d'Accueil (Main). They have a "Les questions les plus drôles ou absurdes: Anthologie de l'Oracle" section (funniest questions).
Now, how and why ? Why, because there was a need for management (too much unemployed workers, put some at the top) ; how, by giving high wages to them. --DLL 22:01, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
Please do your own homework. Most of us are already in school or have already been through school and have done our homework; it's your turn to do yours. Your question may be deleted if you see this notice; you should reformat it to prevent this from happening. Cernen Xanthine Katrena 23:23, 18 January 2006 (UTC)


Can anybody help me figure out just what this is all about? I can't seem to figure out if it's some sort of legitimate football league that I've never heard of (somewhat doubtful), if it's some sort of weird fantasy league [ (with many marginal players that have been off of professional for a few years!), or some sort of strange, elaborate hoax. I'm really confused. Any help would be appreciated. -Tim Rhymeless (Er...let's shimmy) 10:14, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

Some sort of weird fantasy league = very yes. There's a place for owners to log in, and the message board sub-heading is "Sim Football." But the message board hasn't been posted on in over 4 months and the most users ever online was 13, so I'm guessing it's defunct. And I'm pretty sure Maurice Clarett has never played for the Colorado Venom. --Maxamegalon2000 16:05, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

Rainbow trout and the environment[edit]

Do rainbow trout have a detrimental effect on the environment? I've searched extensively on the web but can't find any relevant articles. Thanks in advance. 11:27, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

I think not, but then it depends on where you are too. Working off my few trips to the Trout Farm in Ebor, New South Wales, I'd say it doesn't have a detrimental effect there. A more accurate answer can be given when you specify a more definite location. Sorry I can't be of any more help. --JB Adder | Talk 11:37, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
No, that's very helpful, thank you. Sorry, I wasn't more specific -- I'm researching the impact of this alien species in the UK. It seems there are conflicting views on this subject, especially regarding fish farms. I'm also interested in whether self-sustaining communities of trout in the UK -- in rivers, ponds and reservoirs where they haven't been introduced for sport -- have had a negative impact on water ecology. If you have any more suggestions, I would greatly appreciate them. -- 11:59, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
Rainbow trout are very similar in habits & ecological impact to native Brown trout (though not as tasty) so I'd expect them to have minimal impact in the UK. AllanHainey 12:40, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
I would expect the rainbow trout to partially or fully displace the brown trout, if they occupy the same ecological niche. StuRat


HI, Do you by any chance know how many states there are in the world? 13:27, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

Are you talking about countries or states?..i think he was talking about states..not countries.....
Jayant, 17 Years, India|(Talk) 14:37, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
The original meaning of the word "state" is "country". It has come to also mean province in some countries, such as the US and Australia. I assume they meant the original meaning, or country, as asking how many provinces there are in the world is a weird question to pose. StuRat 14:43, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
Searching for a true definition of a state. Houses of representatives ? US states got them. Own's money ? EU countries share the Euro. Seat in the UN ? Some won't. Being sovereign is vague. Capacity to enter into relations with the other states, as in the Montevideo Convention ? Some other states won't speak with you! Just search for friends, a territory, a flag, and create a government, you'l have one more. --DLL 21:50, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
On the other hand, if "states" is meant in the sense where it is equivalent to "provinces", or administrative divisions of a country in general, then this page on the CIA World Factbook web site is may be useful. To get a proper total would require examining each entry to extract the correct detail, which I leave to the original poster if interested; but just stripping out some obviously irrelevant things like dates and adding up the remaining numbers in the file, I get a total of 4,637. It seems likely enough that the true answer is somewhere above 2,500, anyway. --Anonymous, 00:20 UTC, January 19, 2006.

There is no one true answer, because of the different definitions you can use. Even if you're talking about countries, rather than subnational states (like, say, Oklahoma), you'll get a different answer depending on your definition. There are 191 UN members, but there are some internationally recognised countries that aren't members (like the Vatican City). then there are countries which have only limited recognition, either for political reasons (like Turkish Cyprus and Somaliland) or because they only have nominal independence (like Wales or Guam). An approximate answer would be between 191 and about 220 (for what it's worth, both the Olympics and FIFA have 203 member nations - and not entirely the same 203!). If you mean "states" as in the 50 subregions of the US, then you have even more problems, because not all countries call their subdivisions states - there are provinces, oblasts, wilayas, counties, departements, lander, cantons... this one may simply be unanswerable. Grutness...wha? 05:35, 21 January 2006 (UTC)

Quake 4[edit]

The interior of every building is green. What's wrong?

Saint Patrick's Day comes early? GeeJo (t) (c) 10:37, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

Don't be stupid. I think there is something wrong with the gamma correction.

Being stupid can be fun. StuRat 11:43, 13 January 2006 (UTC)
Though not helpful. I had this problem too: I think it's because of having an older graphics card. The solution for me was to right-click the shortcut, go on Properties, then add +seta r_renderer "ARB" to the Target, so you get C:\Program Files\id Software\Quake 4\Quake4.exe" +seta r_renderer "ARB". --Sum0 23:43, 13 January 2006 (UTC)

It didn't work. Look, I've got an ATI Radeon 9200 with a one year old driver on my HP PC which I got from England.

I have to say it took me a while to make any sort of connection between the title and the question. JIP | Talk 10:05, 19 January 2006 (UTC)

Well, I think it's quite straightforward. Can a patch fix this?

ram and game question[edit]

my friend said that he saw on a site that there is a game (or they are creating one)that will need 6GB of ram, to the game run. This is true??

If it is, you'd need a $4000 PC. User:bd

This game doesn't sound like it would have a very big audience if it is true. Who do you know that has 6 GB of memory in their PC? --Optichan 17:21, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
On the other hand, if they were starting work on a game which will take several years to develop, they might be assuming the price of that much RAM will have come down to a reasonable level by then, and will be widely available on most PCs. StuRat 23:33, 19 January 2006 (UTC)

Days of Our Lives[edit]

In which state is the fictional town of "Salem" in? The viewers are so, so, so dying to know.

Tamil Nadu. (as good a guess as any..) --BluePlatypus 16:48, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

It's a fictional town. It doesn't exist. So it isn't in a state. If the script-writers choose to tell you that it is fictionally located in Utah, for example, then that's where you can imagine it being. Our article on Days of Our Lives, which you should have checked first, indicates that the first episode told viewers what state it was in. Ground Zero | t 17:51, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

Try Days of Our Lives#The first episode and read to the end of the paragraph. CambridgeBayWeather (Talk) 17:52, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
I still think it's in India. :) --BluePlatypus 19:13, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
Are there witches in Tamil Nadu ? DLL 21:40, 18 January 2006 (UTC)

Length of shore lines of Lakes Michigan, Erie and Ontario[edit]

I'm trying to find out what the total length of the combined shorelines of North America's Great Lakes is. Of the Wikipedia articles on individual lakes, only those on Lakes Superior and Huron seem to provide that figure. Are corresponding figures available for Lakes Michigan, Erie and Ontario?

As coastlines and shorelines have Hausdorff dimension between 1 and 2, the length will vary according to which resolution you use. If you use a map with higher resolution, you will see more small irregularities like bays and peninsulas, and get a longer shoreline. See also How Long Is the Coast of Britain?, an academic paper on the subject. Unfortunately this is not much help... 17:07, 18 January 2006 (UTC) (Essin on Swedish Wikipedia)
Alliance for the Great Lakes[43] gives 1,640 miles for Lake Michigan. Sea Grant Wisconsin[44] gives 856 miles of shoreline for Lake Erie and 726 miles of shoreline for Lake Ontario. Rmhermen 18:56, 18 January 2006 (UTC)
Many thanks!


How long in miles is Oslofjord from the mouth to Oslo ?? thank you

From Færder Fyr lighthouse (See the map at: Oslo Fjord) to Oslo, the distance is 60 nautical miles (110 km, 70 mi