This is an explanatory essay about the protection policy's extended-confirmed protection section.
Articles under extended confirmed protection (ECP) can be edited only by extended-confirmed accounts – accounts that have been registered for at least 30 days and have made at least 500 edits. Extended confirmed (30/500) protection is therefore a stronger form of protection than semi-protection (rough guide).
The official policy related to applying extended confirmed protection is located at Wikipedia:Protection policy § Extended confirmed protection. This rough guide describes how that policy is currently being applied by administrators.
Generally, articles should first be placed under semi-protection to see if semi-protection in combination with appropriate blocks can give sufficient protection to obviate the need for extended confirmed protection. If semi-protection proves too weak even in combination with blocks that are appropriate, extended confirmed protection can be deployed. In the rare case of a long history of disruptive editing of an unprotected article by multiple autoconfirmed accounts (usually due to sockpuppetry), administrators can bypass semi-protection and apply extended confirmed protection immediately.
As of August 2023, it is still true that if protection is elevated from semi-protection to extended confirmed protection with an expiry that is sooner than the expiry of the original protection, the original protection will not be continued after the expiry of extended confirmed protection. Instead, it must be manually configured again when ECP has expired. It has occasionally proved useful to also enable pending changes indefinitely when setting a time-limited EC protection, so that articles do not become entirely unprotected.
As arbitration enforcement
Deployment of extended confirmed protection may be mandated or permitted as a remedy in Arbitration Committee (ArbCom) decisions. Any protection made as arbitration enforcement must be logged at Wikipedia:Arbitration enforcement log.
The topics which ArbCom has explicitly specified for use of ECP are the Arab–Israeli conflict and the history of Jews and antisemitism in Poland during World War II (1933–45). The community has further authorized blanket ECP for Armenia-Azerbaijan topics as a general sanctions measure. Administrators may apply indefinite extended confirmed protection at any time to any page in the conflict area at their discretion, whether or not there has been disruptive editing on the page. There is a general consensus that administrators should neither apply ECP to pages with only a tenuous link to the conflict nor seek out articles in this topic area to protect pre-emptively. Many administrators will only apply ECP in circumstances where there have been editing disputes involving accounts that fail the 30/500 rule.
Discretionary sanctions (which can be applied to articles on a number of topics specified by ArbCom) do not explicitly include ECP. However, ECP has been applied to a number of pages as a discretionary sanction. This includes pages related to the Gamergate controversy and Indian castes.
Discussion of an administrator's decision to apply ECP
As with other protection decisions, if a decision to apply ECP needs to be discussed, this should first be raised on the protecting administrator's talk page.
While the RfC that allowed ECP to be used outside topics specified by ArbCom mentions a notification on the administrator's noticeboard, most admins consider this requirement to be met by the bot that updates the table on WP:AN and so expect discussions to be held in the usual place.
- To find such instances, search for "ECP", "30/500" and "500/30". The use of all three terms is required due to inconsistencies in how such protections have been logged.
- Per Wikipedia:Arbitration/Requests/Case/Palestine-Israel articles 3#500/30
- Wikipedia:Arbitration/Requests/Case/Antisemitism_in_Poland#Antisemitism_in_Poland:_Motion_(May_2020): "All IP editors, users with fewer than 500 edits, and users with less than 30 days' tenure are prohibited from editing articles related to the history of Jews and antisemitism in Poland during World War II (1933–45), including the Holocaust in Poland."
- Per Wikipedia:General sanctions/Armenia and Azerbaijan
- Per Wikipedia:Administrators' noticeboard/Archive284#Extended confirmed protection & ArbCom sanctions
- Per https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wikipedia_talk:Arbitration_Committee&oldid=758046416#Should_Arab-Israeli_conflict_pages_be_protected_pre-emptively.3F
- Per Wikipedia:Arbitration/Requests/Enforcement/Archive173#TheRedPenOfDoom, third filing, as modified by an ArbCom amendment: Special:Diff/745583904#GamerGate:_Motion_regarding_Talk:Gamergate_controversy
- Per Wikipedia:Arbitration enforcement log/2016#GamerGate (superseded by Gender and sexuality).
- Per Wikipedia:Arbitration/Requests/Enforcement/Archive183#Caste articles and talk pages.