Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/April 27
This is a list of selected April 27 anniversaries that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can be bold and edit this page. Please read the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant their subjects are. Only 5–6 events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is "most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is not generally posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled April 27, 2017 featured article or the April 27, 2017 featured picture.
To report an error when this appears on the Main Page, see Main Page errors. Please remember that this list defers to the supporting articles, so it is best to achieve consensus and make any necessary changes there first.
Use only ONE image at a time
Eugène Ferdinand Victor Delacroix 032 cropped.jpg
John Milton (requires undeletion)
|Independence Day in Togo (1960) and Sierra Leone (1961)||Togo: multiple issues: Sierra Leone: outdated|
|1296 – In the first battle of the First War of Scottish Independence, the English defeated the Scots near Dunbar, Scotland.||no footnotes|
|1565 – Conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi and 500 armed soldiers established the first Spanish settlement in the Philippines, Cebu.||López: refimprove; Cebu: refimprove section|
|1650 – Wars of the Three Kingdoms: The Covenanters defeated an invading Royalist army at the Battle of Carbisdale near the village of Culrain, Scotland.||refimprove|
|1805 – First Barbary War: US Marines engaged forces of the Barbary Coast at the Battle of Derne in Tripoli, marking the first recorded land battle by the United States on foreign soil.||refimprove section|
|1909 – After the government was restored following the 31 March Incident and the Adana massacre, Abdul Hamid II, the last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire to rule with absolute power, was overthrown by Mehmed V.||Abdul Hamid II: appears on August 31; Mehmed V: unreferenced section|
|1967 – The Expo 67 world's fair opened in Montreal, with 62 nations and more than 50 million visitors ultimately attending.||external links|
|1992 – Betty Boothroyd became the first female Speaker of the British House of Commons.||refimprove|
|1994 – Nelson Mandela and the African National Congress won a landslide victory in the first non-racial elections in the history of South Africa.||expand|
- 395 – Aelia Eudoxia married Byzantine emperor Arcadius without the knowledge or consent of Rufinus, the Praetorian prefect who had intended for his own daughter to wed the emperor.
- 629 – Shahrbaraz usurped the throne of the Sasanian Empire from Ardashir III, but was himself deposed only forty days later.
- 1522 – Italian War of 1521–26: The combined forces of Spain and the Papal States defeated a French and Venetian army at the Battle of Bicocca.
- 1777 – American Revolutionary War: British Army regulars defeated Patriot militias in the Battle of Ridgefield, galvanizing resistance in the Connecticut Colony.
- 1865 – An explosion destroyed the steamboat Sultana on the Mississippi River, killing an estimated 1,800 of the 2,400 passengers.
- 1904 – Chris Watson became the first Australian Prime Minister from the Australian Labour Party, and the first Labour Party prime minister in the world.
- 1906 – The State Duma of the Russian Empire met for the first time.
- 1911 – Following the resignation of William P. Frye, a compromise was reached in the United States Senate to rotate the office of the President pro tempore of the United States Senate.
- 1961 – Milton Margai took office as the first Prime Minister of Sierra Leone upon the nation's independence from the United Kingdom.
- 2005 – The Airbus A380, the largest passenger airliner in the world, made its maiden flight from Toulouse, France.
- 1521 – Filipino natives led by chieftain Lapu-Lapu killed Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan and more than forty Spanish soldiers at the Battle of Mactan.
- 1667 – John Milton, blind and impoverished, sold the copyright of Paradise Lost for £10.
- 1810 – Ludwig van Beethoven composed his "Bagatelle No. 25 in A minor", better known as "Für Elise" (audio featured), one of his most popular compositions.
- 1941 – Boris Kidrič and Edvard Kardelj founded the Liberation Front of the Slovene Nation, the main anti-fascist Slovene civil resistance and political organization.
- 1993 – Members of the Zambia national football team were killed in a plane crash en route to play a 1994 World Cup qualifying match against Senegal.