Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/August 19
This is a list of selected August 19 anniversaries that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can be bold and edit this page. Please read the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant their subjects are. Only 5–6 events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is "most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is not generally posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled August 19, 2018 featured article or the August 19, 2018 featured picture.
To report an error when this appears on the Main Page, see Main Page errors. Please remember that this list defers to the supporting articles, so it is best to achieve consensus and make any necessary changes there first.
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|Feast of the Transfiguration (Julian calendar)||Refimprove|
|Independence Day in Afghanistan (1919)||refimprove section|
|National Aviation Day in the United States||stub|
|295 BC – The oldest known temple to Venus, the Roman goddess of love, beauty and fertility, was dedicated.||refimprove section|
|1666 – Second Anglo-Dutch War: English Rear-Admiral Robert Holmes led a raid on Terschelling and on the Vlie estuary in the Netherlands, destroying 130 merchant ships within two days.||refimprove sections|
|1782 – American Revolutionary War: Ten months after the British had surrendered, a combined force of British rangers and American Indians routed Kentucky militiamen at the Battle of Blue Licks.||needs more footnotes|
|1812 – War of 1812: American Navy frigate USS Constitution defeated British Royal Navy frigate HMS Guerriere off the coast of Nova Scotia, Canada, earning her nickname "Old Ironsides".||unreferenced section|
|1895 – American outlaw and folk hero John Wesley Hardin was shot dead by an off-duty lawman in El Paso, Texas.||cleanup required|
|1909 – The first auto race was held at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway (pictured), the highest-capacity sports venue in the world.||refimprove|
|1929 – The highly influential American radio comedy show Amos 'n' Andy made its debut.||refimprove section|
|1942 – Second World War: Allied forces suffered over 3,000 casualties when they unsuccessfully raided the German-occupied port of Dieppe, France.||refimprove|
|1945 – During the August Revolution against French colonial rule, the Viet Minh under Ho Chi Minh took control of Hanoi in northern Vietnam.||unreferenced section|
|1991 – During a Soviet coup attempt led by Gennady Yanayev and other top level government officials, it was announced to the public that President Mikhail Gorbachev had been relieved of his duties "due to illness".||refimprove section|
|2003 – A car bomb destroyed the United Nations headquarters at Baghdad's Canal Hotel, killing Brazilian diplomat Sérgio Vieira de Mello and 21 others.||outdated section|
- 1953 – The intelligence agencies of the United Kingdom and the United States orchestrated a coup d'état of Prime Minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddegh and restored the constitutional monarchy of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
- 1960 – Soviet space dogs Belka and Strelka began to orbit the Earth aboard the Korabl-Sputnik 2 spacecraft.
- 1978 - The Cinema Rex in Abadan, Iran, was set on fire, leading to the death of 470 people.
- 1980 – A fire on Saudi Arabian Airlines Flight 163 killed all 301 people on board after it made an emergency landing at Riyadh International Airport in Saudi Arabia.
- 1981 – Two U.S. Navy F-14 Tomcats shot down two Libyan Su-22 Fitters during military exercises in the Gulf of Sidra.
- 1989 – Hungary opened its border with Austria as part of the Pan-European Picnic, allowing several hundred East Germans to defect to the West.
- 1991 – A Hasidic man accidentally struck two Guyanese immigrant children with his car in the Crown Heights neighborhood of New York City, initiating three days of rioting.
- 2002 – The single deadliest helicopter crash took place when a team of Chechen separatists brought down a Russian Mil Mi-26 with a man-portable air-defense system, resulting in 127 deaths.
- 2005 – Thunderstorms in southern Ontario, Canada, spawned at least three tornadoes that caused over C$500 million in damage.
- 1745 – Bonnie Prince Charlie raised the Jacobite standard at Glenfinnan in the Scottish Highlands to begin the Second Jacobite Rising.
- 1934 – A German referendum supported the recent merging of the posts of Chancellor and President, consolidating Adolf Hitler's assumption of supreme power.
- 1964 – Over 17,000 fans saw the Beatles (pictured) on the opening date of the group's first nationwide U.S. tour.
- 1987 – A 27-year-old unemployed local labourer shot and killed sixteen people and wounded fifteen others before fatally shooting himself in Hungerford, Berkshire, England, one of the worst criminal atrocities involving firearms in British history.
- 2003 – A Hamas suicide bomber killed 23 people and wounded over 130 others on a crowded public bus in the Shmuel HaNavi quarter in Jerusalem.