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Destroyed buildings after the attack in the Anglo-Zanzibar War
Moscow's Ostankino Tower burning
Independence Day in ( Moldova 1991)
1689 – The Tsardom of Russia and Qing China signed the , the first treaty between the two nations.
Treaty of Nerchinsk unreferenced sections
1893 – The made landfall near Sea Islands hurricane Savannah, Georgia, U.S., causing at least 1,000 deaths.
1918 – Border War: United States Army troops engaged the Carrancistas garrison in the ; because the latter had the assistance of German military advisers, it was also the only battle of Battle of Ambos Nogales World War I fought on U.S. soil.
1922 – Turkish forces re-captured Afyon, the first victory of their counterattack during the .
Greco-Turkish War unreferenced section
1939 – Flown by German test pilot Erich Warsitz, experimental jet plane became the world's first Heinkel He 178 aircraft to fly under turbojet power.
1957 – The came into force, three days before the Constitution of Malaya Federation of Malaya achieved formal independence from the United Kingdom.
1964 – South Vietnamese junta leader entered into a Nguyễn Khánh triumvirate power-sharing arrangement with rival generals and Trần Thiện Khiêm , who had both been involved in plots to unseat Khánh.
Dương Văn Minh Dương: refimprove section
1985 – The Nigerian government of Muhammadu Buhari was overthrown by .
Ibrahim Babangida refimprove; Buhari appears on December 31
1991 – Dissolution of the Soviet Union: Moldova declared its independence during the aftermath of the failure of the Soviet .
coup d'état attempt too detailed
2000 – Moscow's caught fire, killing four people and disrupting television and radio signals around the city.
Ostankino Tower unreferenced section
2013 – between Hindus and Muslims erupted in Religious violence Muzaffarnagar district, Uttar Pradesh, India, leaving 62 people dead.
1832 – , leader of the Black Hawk Sauk tribe of Native Americans, surrendered to U.S. authorities, ending the . Black Hawk War
1859 – Edwin Drake successfully drilled for oil in Titusville, Pennsylvania, resulting in the , the first Pennsylvania oil rush oil boom in the United States.
1896 – The United Kingdom and Zanzibar , with Zanzibar surrendering less than an hour after the conflict broke out. went to war
1927 – Five Canadian women to ask the filed a petition Supreme Court of Canada, "Does the word 'Persons' in Section 24 of the British North America Act, 1867, include female persons," to which the court eventually replied that it does not.
1942 – Nazi troops and the Ukrainian Auxiliary Police began more than 14,000 people, mostly Jews, in and around systematically executing Sarny in occupied Poland.
1979 – In two separate attacks, IRA bombs near killed 18 British soldiers Warrenpoint, British admiral Louis Mountbatten and three others in County Sligo.
2003 – The first round of to find a peaceful resolution to the security concerns as a result of the six-party talks North Korean nuclear weapons program opened.
2006 – crashed while inadvertently attempting to take off from the wrong runway at Comair Flight 5191 Blue Grass Airport in Lexington, Kentucky, killing 49 of the 50 people on board, and causing the Federal Aviation Administration to modify rules regarding air traffic controllers.
2009 – The Burmese military junta and ethnic armies began in the three days of violent clashes Kokang Special Region. Born/died: (d. 1611) Tomás Luis de Victoria · (d. 1748) James Thomson · (b. 1890) Man Ray · (d. 1967) Brian Epstein
: August 27 in the Philippines (2018)
National Heroes' Day
Stevie Ray Vaughan
1776 – British forces led by William Howe defeated the American Continental Army under George Washington at the , the largest battle of the Battle of Long Island American Revolutionary War.
1810 – Napoleonic Wars: The French Navy the defeated Royal Navy, preventing them from taking the harbour of Grand Port on Mauritius.
1928 – The first three of over sixty nations signed the , renouncing war as an instrument of national policy. Kellogg–Briand Pact
1990 – American musician Stevie Ray Vaughan (pictured), one of the most influential guitarists in the revival of blues in the 1980s, in a helicopter crash. was killed 2003 – made its closest approach to Earth in nearly 60,000 years, passing within approximately 55,758,000 kilometres (34,650,000 mi). Mars
(d. 1521) Josquin des Prez · (b. 1886) Rebecca Clarke · (d. 1979)