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1508 – The Papal States, France, Aragon and the Holy Roman Empire formed the , an alliance against the League of Cambrai Republic of Venice.
1861 – Forces led by , an anti-colonial Nguyễn Trung Trực guerrilla leader in southern Vietnam, sank the French lorcha L'Esperance.
1884 – by American author Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Mark Twain was first published in the United Kingdom and Canada.
1901 – The first were awarded, on the anniversary of the 1896 death of their founder, Swedish chemist and industrialist Nobel Prizes Alfred Nobel.
1909 – Swedish author became the first woman to be awarded the Selma Lagerlöf Nobel Prize in Literature.
1911 – completed the first transcontinental flight across the United States. Calbraith Rodgers
1936 – Edward VIII, desiring to marry American socialite Wallis Simpson against widespread opposition, . abdicated the throne
1941 – Second World War: Imperial Japanese Navy torpedo bombers the sank Royal Navy capital ships HMS and Prince of Wales HMS east of Repulse Malaya.
1979 – The Kuomintang (KMT) dictatorship of Taiwan a large number of opposition leaders who had organized pro-democracy demonstrations, an incident credited with ending the KMT's rule in 2000. arrested
1983 – became the first democratically elected Raúl Alfonsín President of Argentina to take office after the fall of the military dictatorship.
1989 – At the first open pro-democracy demonstration in Mongolia, journalist announced the formation of the Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj Mongolian Democratic Union, which would be instrumental in ending Communist rule four months later. Born/died this day: (d. 1041) Michael IV the Paphlagonian · (b. 1953) Diane Schuur
: December 10 ; Human Rights Day
The original brown dog statue
1684 – Edmond Halley presented the paper , containing De motu corporum in gyrum Isaac Newton's derivation of Kepler's laws from his theory of gravity, to the Royal Society.
1898 – The Spanish–American War ended with the signing of the , with Spain recognizing the independence of Cuba and ceding Guam, the Philippines, and Puerto Rico to the United States. Treaty of Paris
1907 – During the , about 1,000 protesters marched through London and then clashed with 400 police officers in Brown Dog affair Trafalgar Square over the existence of a memorial (pictured) for animals that had been vivisected.
1942 – Edward Raczyński of the Polish government-in-exile issued that was the first official report on a note the Holocaust. 1978 – Starring Christopher Reeve in the title role, , the first big-budget Superman , premiered in Superman film Washington, D.C.
(b. 1783) María Bibiana Benítez · (b. 1878) C. Rajagopalachari · (d. 2014)
Ziad Abu Ein