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selected that appear in the "On this day" section of the anniversaries December 17 Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases, you can and edit this page. be bold Please read the However, if your addition might be controversial or on a day that is or will soon be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. talk page instead.
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Memorial to victims killed during the Polish 1970 protests
Demonstrators in the
Fire in the Winter Palace
497 BC – The temple to the Roman god Saturn was dedicated in the Roman Forum; its anniversary was celebrated as . Saturnalia
546 – After a nearly year-long siege, the Ostrogoths led by Totila . sacked Rome
942 – of William Longsword Normandy was ambushed and assassinated by supporters of , while the two were at a peace conference to settle their differences. Arnulf I, Count of Flanders
1583 – Cologne War: Forces under Ernest of Bavaria defeated the troops under Gebhard Truchsess von Waldburg at the . Siege of Godesberg
1837 – A in fire in the Winter Palace Saint Petersburg broke out, damaging the palace and killing thirty guardsmen.
1862 – American Civil War: Union General Ulysses S. Grant issued , expelling Jews from General Order No. 11 Tennessee, Mississippi, and Kentucky.
1918 – About 1,000 demonstrators on marched Government House in Darwin, Australia, where they burnt an effigy of Administrator John Gilruth and demanded his resignation.
1926 – by the A coup d'état Lithuanian military replaced the democratically elected President Kazys Grinius with Antanas Smetona.
1944 – Nazi troops under Joachim Peiper unarmed killed prisoners of war, captured during the Battle of the Bulge, with machine guns near Malmedy, Belgium.
1948 – The was established to remove Finnish Security Police communist leadership from its predecessor, the State Police.
1951 – The Civil Rights Congress, an American civil rights group, presented a document to the United Nations Genocide Convention against charging the United States government with genocide African Americans.
1960 – A U.S. Air Force Convair C-131 Samaritan shortly after take-off into downtown crashed Munich due to fuel contamination, killing all 20 people on board as well as 32 more on the ground.
1967 – Harold Holt, Prime Minister of Australia, while swimming near disappeared Portsea, Victoria; his body was never recovered.
1970 – Soldiers emerging from trains in fired at workers Gdynia, Poland, beginning the government's brutal crackdown on mass anti-communist protests across the country.
1983 – The Provisional Irish Republican Army just outside detonated a car bomb Harrods in London, killing six people and injuring about 90 others.
2010 – Tunisian street vendor Mohamed Bouazizi set himself on fire to protest against police harassment, triggering the Tunisian Revolution. Born/died this day: (d. 1273) Rumi · (b. 1616) Roger L'Estrange · (d. 1847) Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma · (d. 1917) Elizabeth Garrett Anderson · (d. 2004) Agnes Mary Mansour · (d. 2012) Daniel Inouye
1790 – The , now a modern symbol of Mexican culture, was excavated in the Aztec sun stone Zócalo, the main square of Mexico City.
1903 – Aboard the Wright Flyer (pictured) in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, conducted the first successful flights of a powered Orville and Wilbur Wright fixed-wing aircraft.
1939 – World : After sustaining moderate damage in the War II Battle of the River Plate two days earlier, the German cruiser was scuttled by its commander, Graf Spee Hans Langsdorff, to avoid its internment by Uruguay.
1989 – , the longest running American The Simpsons prime-time entertainment series, made its debut on the Fox television network with the episode " Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire". 2009 – The livestock transport ship capsized and sank in bad weather off the coast of Lebanon, resulting in 43 human and more than 28,000 sheep and cattle deaths. MV Danny F II
(b. 1749) Domenico Cimarosa · (b. 1908) Willard Libby · (d. 2011)