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Napoléon at the Battle of Austerlitz
National Day in ( Laos 1975) and the ( United Arab Emirates 1971)
United Arab Emirates and Laos: refimprove section
1409 – in Leipzig University Leipzig, Saxony, Germany, one of the oldest universities in Europe, was established.
refimprove section, citation style
1763 – The , the oldest surviving Jewish Touro Synagogue synagogue building in North America, was formally dedicated.
1848 – became Franz Joseph Emperor of Austria.
1852 – On the one-year anniversary of his dissolution of the Second French Republic, Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte declared himself Emperor of the French and took the name .
Napoleon III unreferenced section
1908 – Two-year-old became Puyi Emperor of China, the last one before the Republic of China was declared in 1912.
featured on February 12
1920 – The , a peace treaty between the Treaty of Alexandropol Democratic Republic of Armenia and the Grand National Assembly of Turkey ending the Turkish Invasion of Armenia, was signed before the declaration of the Republic of Turkey.
1942 – The Manhattan Project: Scientists led by Enrico Fermi initiated the first self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction in the experimental nuclear reactor .
Chicago Pile-1 TFA for 2017
1975 – The overthrew the royalist government in Pathet Lao Vientiane, forcing King Savang Vatthana to abdicate, and established the Lao People's Democratic Republic.
Pathet Lao: refimprove; Laos: refimprove
1999 – The United Kingdom devolved political power in Northern Ireland to the .
Northern Ireland Executive refimprove section
2008 – Thai political crisis: The Constitutional Court of Thailand dissolved three political parties, including the governing People's Power Party, leading to the resignation of Prime Minister .
Somchai Wongsawat Crisis: unreferenced section; Wongsawat: fact not in article, incomplete section
1805 – War of the Third Coalition: French forces led by Napoleon decisively defeated a Russo-Austrian army commanded by Tsar in the Alexander I . Battle of Austerlitz
1899 – Philippine–American War: A 60-man Filipino rear guard was defeated in the , but delayed the American advance long enough to ensure Battle of Tirad Pass Emilio Aguinaldo's escape.
1943 – World War II: The conducted a Luftwaffe on surprise air raid Allied ships in Bari, Italy, sinking 18 ships and releasing one ship's secret cargo of mustard gas.
1956 – Cuban Revolution: The yacht , carrying Granma Fidel Castro, Che Guevara and 80 other members of the 26th of July Movement, reached the shores of Cuba.
1962 – Returning from a fact-finding mission, U.S. Senator became the first American official to comment adversely on the progress of the Mike Mansfield Vietnam War.
1980 – were murdered by a military Four American misisonaries death squad in El Salvador.
2001 – Less than two months after accounting violations, Texas-based energy firm disclosing Enron filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, evaporating nearly $11 billion in shareholder wealth.
2016 – Thirty-six people died when at an illegally converted warehouse in a fire broke out Oakland, California, the deadliest U.S. building fire since 2003. Born/died: (d. 1985) Philip Larkin
Napoleon I of France
(b. 1827) • William Burges (d. 1885) • Allen Wright (b. 1981)