This is a list of
selected that appear in the "On this day" section of the anniversaries December 22 Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases, you can and edit this page. be bold Please read the However, if your addition might be controversial or on a day that is or will soon be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative their subjects are. Only four to five events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is " article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is generally not posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled featured article or picture of the day.
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President Hamid Karzai of Afghanistan
President Hamid Karzai of Afghanistan
President Ion Iliescu of Romania
Deng Xiaoping, paramount leader of PR China
Prime Minister Ito Hirobumi of Japan
Aerial view of the Kingston Fossil Plant coal fly ash slurry spill
title=Chico Mendes in 1988
Entrance to the Lincoln Tunnel in New Jersey
(Southern Hemisphere, 2011);
Midsummer festivities Brazil is the only Southern Hemisphere country listed in the article
Mother's Day refimprove section
1216 – Pope Honorius III issued the papal bull to establish the Religiosam vitam .
Dominican Order refimprove
1808 – German composer Ludwig van Beethoven premiered his and Fifth , Sixth Symphonies , and Fourth Piano Concerto , at the Choral Fantasy Theater an der Wien in Vienna.
5th: refimprove section
1864 – American Civil War: Union General William Tecumseh Sherman's ended with the capture of March to the Sea Savannah, Georgia.
1885 – , a Itō Hirobumi samurai from Chōshū, became the first Prime Minister of Japan.
refimprove section, neutrality issues
1944 – Vietnamese revolutionary Hồ Chí Minh formed the to drive People's Army of Vietnam French colonialists and Japanese occupiers out of Indochina.
1944 – World War II: U.S. Army General responded to the German ultimatum of surrender during the Anthony McAuliffe Battle of the Bulge with a single word, "NUTS!"
1963 – A total of 128 people died when the ocean liner burned at sea TSMS Lakonia 180 miles ( 290 km) north of Madeira.
1974 – Grande Comore, Anjouan and Mohéli voted to become the independent nation of the .
Comoros unreferenced section
1978 – The Third Plenum of the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China opened, where Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping and other party officials agreed to launch .
economic reforms and to open up China refimprove
1989 – Romanian Revolution: After a week of bloody demonstrations, took over as President of Romania, ending the Ion Iliescu Communist dictatorship of Nicolae Ceaușescu.
1989 – Berlin's historic re-opened after nearly 30 years, symbolizing the unity of Brandenburg Gate East and West Germany.
1990 – The Parliament of Croatia adopted the country's .
current constitution refimprove section
2001 – , the first CC the cat cloned pet, was born.
Teresa Carreño POTD for 2019
401 – The papacy of began. Innocent I
856 – An earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 7.9 the eastern struck Alborz mountains of Persia, causing 200,000 deaths.
1807 – In an effort to avoid engaging in the Napoleonic Wars, the United States Congress passed the , forbidding American ships from engaging in trade with foreign nations. Embargo Act
1937 – The , connecting New York City to Lincoln Tunnel Weehawken, New Jersey, opened.
1947 – The was enacted by the Constitution of the Italian Republic Constituent Assembly.
1964 – The , the Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird United States Air Force's long-range, strategic Mach 3+ reconnaissance aircraft and the world's fastest air-breathing manned aircraft, made its first flight.
1968 – Cultural Revolution: The published a piece by People's Daily Mao Zedong directing that "the must go to the country, and will be educated from living in rural poverty." intellectual youth
1984 – While riding a New York City Subway train, Bernhard Goetz who attempted to rob him, sparking a nationwide debate on shot four African American youths vigilantism, racism, and the legal limits of self-defense.
1987 – The Zimbabwe African National Union and Zimbabwe African People's Union agreed to merge, bringing an end to the , the suppression of predominantly Gukurahundi Ndebele civilians by the 5th Brigade.
1988 – Brazilian unionist and environmental activist was murdered at his Chico Mendes Xapuri home.
1997 – relinquished the disputed title of Hussein Farrah Aidid President of Somalia.
2001 – Burhanuddin Rabbani of the Northern Alliance handed over power in Afghanistan to the interim government headed by . Hamid Karzai
2008 – A dike at a waste containment area in ruptured Roane County, Tennessee, U.S., releasing 1.1 billion US gallons (4,200,000 m 3) of coal fly ash slurry into local waterways.
2010 – The United States its controversial " repealed Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy on gays in the military. Born/died: (d. 1767) John Newbery · (d. 1828) William Hyde Wollaston · (b. 1856) Frank B. Kellogg · (b. 1905) Tommy Flowers · (b. 1907) Peggy Ashcroft · (d. 1915) Rose Talbot Bullard
: December 22 ( December solstice 04:19 , 2019); UTC begins; Yule in Iran
Vitellius on a coin
(b. 1569) Étienne Martellange · (d. 1867) Jean-Victor Poncelet · (b. 1900)