Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/December 8
This is a list of selected December 8 anniversaries that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can be bold and edit this page. Please read the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant their subjects are. Only 5–6 events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is "most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is not generally posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled December 8, 2018 featured article or the December 8, 2018 featured picture.
To report an error when this appears on the Main Page, see Main Page errors. Please remember that this list defers to the supporting articles, so it is best to achieve consensus and make any necessary changes there first.
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|Feast of the Immaculate Conception (Roman Catholic Church)||refimprove section|
|; Constitution Day in Romania (1991)||refimprove section|
|395 – The state of Later Yan was defeated by its former vassal Northern Wei at the Battle of Canhe Slope.||refimprove section|
|1609 – Milan's Biblioteca Ambrosiana opened its reading room to the public, becoming the second public library in Europe.||refimprove section|
|1912 – Leaders of the German Empire held an Imperial War Council to discuss the possibility that war might break out.||unreferenced section|
|1927 – The Brookings Institution, one of the United States' oldest think tanks, was founded through the merger of three separate organizations established by Robert S. Brookings.||refimprove section|
|1941 – World War II: Concurrent to the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Imperial Japanese Army invaded Malaya, Thailand, Hong Kong, the Philippines, and the Dutch East Indies.||HK: unreferenced section; Philippines: unreferenced section|
|1987 – Arab–Israeli conflict: An Israeli army tank transporter killed four Palestinian refugees and injured seven others during a traffic accident at the Erez Crossing on the Israel–Gaza Strip border, sparking the First Intifada.||lead needs rewrite|
|1993 – Leaders of Canada, Mexico, and the United States signed the final agreements of the North American Free Trade Agreement, forming a regional trade bloc.||multiple issues|
|2004 – Twelve South American countries signed the Cusco Declaration, announcing the foundation of what is now the Union of South American Nations, an intergovernmental union modelled after the European Union.||refimprove section|
|2013 – After a fatal car accident in the Little India region of Singapore, angry mobs of passersby attacked the bus involved and emergency vehicles, the first riot in the country in over 40 years.||refimprove section|
- 1660 – A woman, thought to be Margaret Hughes, first appeared professionally on the English stage.
- 1854 – In his apostolic constitution Ineffabilis Deus, Pope Pius IX proclaimed the dogmatic definition of the Immaculate Conception, which holds that the Virgin Mary was conceived free of original sin.
- 1880 – At an assembly of 10,000 Boers, Paul Kruger announced the fulfilment of the decision to restore the South African Republic government and volksraad.
- 1941 – The Holocaust: The Chełmno extermination camp in occupied Poland, the first such Nazi camp to kill the Jews of the Ghetto Litzmannstadt and the Warthegau by poison gas, began operating.
- 1963 – After being hit by a lightning strike while in a holding pattern, Pan Am Flight 214 crashed near Elkton, Maryland, U.S., killing all 81 people on board.
- 1980 – Former Beatle John Lennon was murdered in the entrance of the Dakota apartments in New York City.
- 1991 – Leaders of Belarus, Russia and Ukraine signed the Belavezha Accords, agreeing to dissolve the Soviet Union and establish the Commonwealth of Independent States.
- 1998 – The Australian Cricket Board's cover-up of Shane Warne and Mark Waugh's involvement with bookmakers was revealed.
- 2010 – The Japanese experimental spacecraft IKAROS passed by Venus at about 80,800 km distance, completing its planned mission to demonstrate solar sail technology.
- Born/died this day: Ann T. Bowling (d. 2000)
- 1432 – The first battle of the Lithuanian Civil War between the forces of Švitrigaila and of Sigismund Kęstutaitis was fought near what is now the town of Ashmyany.
- 1813 – Beethoven's Symphony No. 7 (audio featured) premiered in Vienna, conducted by the composer himself.
- 1971 – Indo-Pakistani War: Following their successful attack three days earlier, a small Indian Navy strike force attacked the Port of Karachi again and created a de facto blockade.
- 1987 – A man shot and killed eight people at the Australia Post building in Melbourne, before jumping to his death.
- 2009 – Bombings carried out by the Islamic State of Iraq in Baghdad, Iraq, killed at least 127 people and injured 448.