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selected that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can February 12 anniversaries and edit this page. be bold Please read the However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. talk page instead.
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General Bernardo O'Higgins of Chile
Xuantong, the last Emperor of China
A Soviet vessel collides with USS
Yorktown in Soviet territorial waters
Michigan State University's Beaumont Tower
Edvard Munch's "The Scream"
Eros, looking from one end of the asteroid across the gouge on its underside and toward the opposite end
Christian Dior's "New Look"
in parts of the United States Lincoln's Birthday refimprove
; Darwin Day outdated
Red Hand Day refimprove section
881 – Pope John VIII crowned as Charles the Fat Holy Roman Emperor. refimprove section
1429 – Hundred Years' War: At the , English forces under Battle of the Herrings John Fastolf successfully defended a supply convoy carrying rations to the army besieging Orleans from attack by the French. refimprove section
1502 – Portuguese explorer set sail from Vasco da Gama Lisbon, Portugal, on his second voyage to India with the object of enforcing Portuguese interests in the Far East. Gama: unreferenced section; 4th Portuguese India Armada: refimprove section, unreferenced section
1541 – Spanish conquistador Pedro de Valdivia founded , today the capital of Chile, as Santiago Santiago del Nuevo Extremo. refimprove section
1554 – , "The Nine Days Lady Jane Grey Queen of England" in 1553, was executed for high treason at the Tower of London. Save article for
1733 – James Oglethorpe founded the city of along with the Savannah Province of Georgia, the last of the Thirteen Colonies established by Great Britain in what later became the United States. refimprove section, primary sources
1816 – The original building of the in Teatro di San Carlo Naples, Italy, today the oldest continuously active opera house in Europe, was destroyed by fire. Its reconstructed building was inaugurated exactly one year later. unreferenced section
1818 – On the first anniversary of its victory in the Battle of Chacabuco, Chile formally from Spain. declared its independence refimprove
1825 – Under the , the Treaty of Indian Springs Creeks, a Native American group, ceded the last of their lands in Georgia to the US government and migrated west. refimprove
1909 – The , one of the oldest and most influential National Association for the Advancement of Colored People civil rights organizations in the United States, was founded to work on behalf of the rights of African Americans. unreferenced section, section needs to be rewritten
1934 – Austrian Civil War Save for
1935 – The , one of the two largest USS Macon helium-filled airships ever created, crashed into the Pacific Ocean off the coast of California and sank. unreferenced section
1947 – The , one of the largest Sikhote-Alin meteorite iron meteorite impacts ever observed, fell in the Sikhote-Alin range in Siberia. unreferenced section
1974 – Russian author was arrested and subsequently deported from the Soviet Union for writing Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn , an exposé of the The Gulag Archipelago Soviet forced labour camp system. lots of CN tags
1988 – While exercising the "right of innocent passage" through Soviet waters, the was intentionally rammed by a Soviet USS Yorktown Burevestnik class frigate in what was described as "the last incident of the Cold War". refimprove section
1912 – Xinhai Revolution: , the last Puyi Emperor of China, abdicated under a deal brokered by military official and politician Yuan Shikai, formally replacing the Qing dynasty with a new republic in China.
1946 – Black United States Army veteran was severely beaten by a Isaac Woodard South Carolina police officer to the point that he lost his vision in both eyes, an incident that galvanized the Civil Rights Movement.
1947 – The French fashion company unveiled a "New Look" Christian Dior (pictured) that revolutionized women's dress and reestablished Paris as the center of the fashion world after World War II.
1994 – Edvard Munch's iconic painting was stolen from the The Scream National Gallery of Norway.
2001 – NASA's robotic space probe NEAR Shoemaker touched down on , becoming the first spacecraft to land on an Eros asteroid.
2009 – Just before it was scheduled to land at Buffalo Niagara International Airport, crashed into a house in Colgan Air Flight 3407 Clarence Center, New York, killing the house's occupant and all 49 people on board the aircraft.
2016 – Pope Francis met Patriarch Kirill at José Martí International Airport in Cuba, the first meeting between the pontiff of the Catholic Church and the primate of the Russian Orthodox Church, together they signed the . Havana Declaration Born/died this day:
(b. 528) Daughter of Emperor Xiaoming of Northern Wei · (d. 1789) Ethan Allen
: February 12 (Western Christianity, 2018) Shrove Monday
Bezzavetny (right) bumping the USS Yorktown
(b. 1760) Jan Ladislav Dussek · (b. 1809) Charles Darwin · (d. 1984) Anna Anderson