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The covering of
1542 – , the fifth wife of Catherine Howard , was executed for Henry VIII of England adultery.
1660 – Five-year-old became Charles XI King of Sweden.
1706 – Great Northern War: The Swedish employed the double envelopment military strategy to defeat Saxony– Poland and their Russian allies at the , near Fraustadt in present-day Battle of Fraustadt Wschowa, Poland.
1739 – During his invasion of the Mughal Empire, the forces of Nader, Shah of Persia, the defeated Mughal army at Karnal within three hours, despite being outnumbered six-to-one.
1880 – American inventor Thomas Edison observed the , which later formed the basis of Edison effect vacuum tube diodes designed by English electrical engineer John Ambrose Fleming.
1881 – , a leading French Hubertine Auclert suffragette in Paris, launched the feminist newspaper .
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1931 – New Delhi ( was inaugurated as the new capital of India Gate pictured) British India by Viceroy Lord Irwin.
1934 – The Soviet steamship , while attempting to travel through the SS Chelyuskin Northern Sea Route from Murmansk to Vladivostok, became trapped in drift ice and sank. The members of the subsequent search and rescue team were the first recipients of the Hero of the Soviet Union award.
1970 – The English rock band Black Sabbath released their , which is recognised as the first major album to be credited with the development of the eponymous debut album heavy metal genre.
1984 – succeeded the late Konstantin Chernenko Yuri Andropov as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
1991 – Gulf War: The United States Air Force dropped two laser-guided " smart bombs" on an air-raid shelter in Baghdad, Iraq, which was believed to be a military command site, at least 408 civilians.
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2008 – Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd apologised to Indigenous Australians and the .
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: February 13 (Western Christianity, 2018)
The Cambridge Union building
1692 – Nearly forty men from the Clan MacDonald of Glen Coe, Scotland, early in the morning for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new joint monarchs, were massacred and William III Mary II.
1815 – The Cambridge Union (building pictured), one of the oldest debating societies in the world, was founded at the University of Cambridge in England.
1945 – World War II: The Allies began their of strategic bombing Dresden, Saxony, Germany, resulting in a lethal firestorm that killed tens of thousands of civilians.
1960 – African American college students staged the first of the at three Nashville sit-ins lunch counters in Nashville, Tennessee, part of a nonviolent direct action campaign to end racial segregation. 1978 – outside the A bomb exploded Hilton Hotel in Sydney, the site of the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting, killing three people and injuring eleven others.
(d. 942) Muhammad ibn Ra'iq · (d. 1818) George Rogers Clark · (b. 1911)
Faiz Ahmad Faiz