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selected that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can February 3 anniversaries and edit this page. be bold Please read the However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. talk page instead.
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The Meiji Emperor of Japan
The Meiji Emperor of Japan
Landing capsule of Luna 9
Wreckage of the plane crash that killed Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and the Big Bopper
Monument to Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and The Big Bopper near Clear Lake, Iowa
Painting of the Battle of San Lorenzo
James I of Aragon entering Murcia
Feast day of in Japan and the Philippines; Dom Justo Takayama citation check
1488 – Portuguese explorer landed in Bartolomeu Dias Mossel Bay, becoming the first known European to have sailed around the Cape of Good Hope and the southern tip of Africa. refimprove
1509 – Turkish–Portuguese War: Portugal defeated a joint fleet of Mamlûk Burji Sultanate of Egypt, Ottoman Empire, the Zamorin of Calicut and the Sultan of Gujarat at the off the coast of Battle of Diu Diu, India. unreferenced section
1807 – Napoleonic Wars: The United Kingdom captured Montevideo, now the capital of Uruguay, from the Spanish Empire. needs more footnotes; Montevideo not bold because it's not an appropriate target article
1815 – The first factory for the industrial production of opened in Switzerland. cheese date not in article, refimprove section
1867 – Crown Prince Mutsuhito succeeded his father Kōmei as Emperor of Japan, taking the title . Meiji needs more footnotes
1913 – The to the Sixteenth Amendment United States Constitution was ratified, allowing Congress to levy an income tax without apportioning it among the states or basing it on census results. refimprove section
1931 – New Zealand's deadliest natural disaster, the 7.9 M W , struck, killing 256. Hawke's Bay earthquake refimprove section
1966 – The Soviet spacecraft became the first Luna 9 space probe to land on the Moon and transmit pictures from the lunar surface. refimprove section
1967 – became the last person to be Ronald Ryan legally executed in Australia, sparking public protests across the country. lead too short
1984 – A woman under the care of Dr. John Buster of the Harbor–UCLA Medical Center in Los Angeles, California, gave birth to a baby that resulted from the first successful from one person to another. embryo transfer refimprove section
1989 – , whose rule as Alfredo Stroessner' President of Paraguay for 35 years was marked by uninterrupted repression in his country, was overthrown in a military coup by Andrés Rodríguez. refimprove
1266 – : Conquest of Murcia James I of Aragon entered the Muslim-held city of Murcia after the surrender of its inhabitants three days earlier.
1852 – The Argentine Confederation were defeated in the by an alliance consisting of Brazil, Uruguay and the Argentine provinces of Platine War Entre Ríos and Corrientes.
1870 – The to the Fifteenth Amendment United States Constitution was ratified, granting voting rights to citizens regardless of "race, color, or previous condition of servitude".
1930 – The Communist Party of Indochina, the Communist Party of Annam, and the Communist League of Indochina merged to form the . Communist Party of Vietnam
1953 – Hundreds of native creoles known as were forros in massacred São Tomé by the colonial administration and Portuguese landowners.
1959 – American rock and roll musicians Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and J.P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson when their plane crashed shortly after taking off from were killed Mason City Municipal Airport in Iowa.
1971 – New York City Police officer , who had reported Frank Serpico police corruption to the department and the press, was shot and wounded under questionable circumstances.
1998 – A United States Marines Corps EA-6B Prowler a cable supporting a gondola of an inadvertently severed aerial tramway in Cavalese, Italy, sending 20 people plummeting to their deaths.
2010 – A cast of by Swiss sculptor L'Homme qui marche I Alberto Giacometti sold for £ 65 million (US$ 103.7 million), setting the record for most expensive sculpture sold at a public auction.
2014 – Russia's first school shooting took place when a student at opened fire School No. 263 in Otradnoye District, Moscow, resulting in the deaths of a teacher and a police officer. Born/died this day:
Dolly Rudeman (b. 1902)
: February 3 in Japan; Setsubun in the United States Four Chaplains' Day
José de San Martín
(b. 1763) Caroline von Wolzogen · (b. 1857) Giuseppe Moretti · (d. 1969) C. N. Annadurai