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selected that appear in the "On this day" section of the anniversaries January 16 Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases, you can and edit this page. be bold Please read the However, if your addition might be controversial or on a day that is or will soon be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. talk page instead.
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Ivan IV of Russia ("Ivan the Terrible")
Sgt. Jose Calugas, Philippine Scout
title=Painting of the Battle of Cape St. Vincent
title=Rear entrance to the Führerbunker
in the United States
National Religious Freedom Day refimprove, stub
Teachers' Day refimprove
929 – Emir of Abd al-Rahman III Cordoba declared himself caliph, thereby establishing the Caliphate of Córdoba.
1120 – The was held, establishing the earliest surviving written laws of the Council of Nablus Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.
1547 – was crowned the first Ivan the Terrible Tsar of Russia at the age of 16.
tagged for expansion
1605 – Book One of , Don Quixote El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha by Miguel de Cervantes, was first published in Madrid, Spain.
expansion, refimprove section
1917 – World War I: The German Empire sent the , a diplomatic proposal to Mexico to make war against the United States, which led in part to the US entering the war.
Zimmermann Telegram unreferenced section
1919 – The was ratified by thirty-six of the forty-eight states, establishing the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibition of alcoholic beverages in the United States.
1938 – performed a concert at New York City's Benny Goodman Carnegie Hall which has been considered instrumental in establishing jazz as a legitimate form of music.
1969 – Student Jan Palach set himself on fire in Wenceslas Square in Prague as a protest against the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia the previous year.
1991 – The began as a Gulf War United Nations-led coalition began an assault on Iraqi forces to free Kuwait.
unreferenced/refimprove sections, more globalization
1992 – The Chapultepec Peace Accords were signed, ending the 12-year between the military-led government of El Salvador and the Salvadoran Civil War Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front.
2008 – Five days after proposing lyrics for the wordless , the Spanish Marcha Real national anthem, the Spanish Olympic Committee withdrew the proposal due to widespread criticism.
1809 – Peninsular War: French forces under Nicolas Jean-de-Dieu Soult the amphibious evacuation of the British under Sir attacked John Moore in Corunna, Galicia, Spain.
1362 – The Danish settlement of was reportedly sunk into the Rungholt North Sea by a massive windstorm.
1942 - Sergeant actions during the Jose Calugas Battle of Bataan, at Culis, earn him the Medal of Honor.
1942 – crashed into TWA Flight 3 Potosi Mountain in Nevada, killing actress and all of the other 21 people on board. Carole Lombard
1862 – The beam of a pumping engine broke at the in Hartley Colliery Northumberland, England, and fell down the shaft, trapping the men below and resulting in the deaths of 204.
1945 – World War II: Adolf Hitler and his staff moved into the , where he would eventually Führerbunker commit suicide.
1986 – The , a Internet Engineering Task Force standards organization that develops and promotes Internet Standards, held its first meeting, consisting of twenty-one United States-government-funded researchers.
2016 – After gunmen took hostages the previous night at a restaurant in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, government commandos to bring the situation to an end. stormed the premises Born/died: (b. 1630) Guru Har Rai · (b. 1966) Miguel Ángel Mancera · (d. 2003) Susie Bootja Bootja Napaltjarri
(d. 1327) Nikephoros Choumnos · (b. 1851) William Hall-Jones · (d. 2013)