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The aftermath of the failure of the January Uprising
The signing of the Act Zluky in 1919
Allied troops landing at Anzio
World Youth Day 2019 stub
1506 – The first contingent of 150 arrived at the Swiss Guards Vatican in Rome to serve as security for the Pope.
1517 – Ottoman–Mamluk War: Ottoman forces defeated the Egyptian Mamluk army in the and brought the severed head of the last Battle of Ridaniya Mamluk sultan Tuman into bay II Cairo.
1863 – The , the longest Polish, Belarusian and Lithuanian uprising against the January Uprising Russian Empire, broke out, originally as a spontaneous protest by young Poles against conscription into the Imperial Russian Army.
1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: Zulu forces of King Cetshwayo fought to a decisive victory at the , but elsewhere the Battle of Isandlwana British were able to repel a Zulu attack in the .
Battle of Rorke's Drift both articles: refimprove sections
1944 – World War II: The Allies commenced , an Operation Shingle amphibious landing against Axis forces in the area of Anzio and Nettuno, Italy.
1946 – Iran Crisis: The declared its independence, seeking autonomy for the Republic of Mahabad Kurds within Iran.
1968 – Vietnam War: American forces began implementing , an electronic surveillance system designed to stop the Operation Igloo White People's Army of (North) Vietnam from infiltrating into South Vietnam.
1971 – The Singapore Declaration, one of the two most important documents to the uncodified constitution of the , was issued.
Commonwealth of Nations lots of CN tags
1973 – The U.S. Supreme Court delivered its landmark decision in , striking down laws restricting Roe v. Wade abortion during the first six to seven months of pregnancy.
1980 – , a key architect of the Soviet Andrei Sakharov hydrogen bomb and winner of the 1975 Nobel Peace Prize, was arrested in Moscow following his public protests against the Soviet war in Afghanistan and exiled to Gorky.
featured on December 19
1987 – After being convicted of receiving bribes, Pennsylvania Treasurer committed R. Budd Dwyer suicide during a televised press conference.
565 – Justinian the Great deposed , Eutychius Patriarch of Constantinople, after the latter refused the Byzantine Emperor's order to adopt the tenets of the Aphthartodocetae, a sect of Monophysites.
1905 – Russian Revolution: Peaceful demonstrators, led by Father Gapon, a Russian Orthodox priest, outside the were massacred Winter Palace in St. Petersburg.
1924 – took office as the first Ramsay MacDonald British Prime Minister from the Labour Party.
1957 – New York City police arrested , better known as the "Mad Bomber", for planting over 30 bombs over 16 years throughout the city. George Metesky
1963 – France and West Germany signed the , establishing a new foundation for Élysée Treaty relations that ended centuries of rivalry.
1970 – The , the world's first Boeing 747 widebody commercial airliner, entered service for Pan Am on the New York– London route.
1984 – Apple Computer introduced the Macintosh, the first successful personal computer to use a graphical user interface, during Super Bowl XVIII with its groundbreaking " " television commercial. 1984 2006 – Aymaran was inaugurated as Evo Morales President of Bolivia, the country's first democratically elected, fully Amerindian leader.
: January 22 (Judaism, 2019); Tu BiShvat in Ukraine ( Day of Unity of Ukraine 1919)
(b. 1572) John Donne · (b. 1867) Gisela Januszewska · (d. 1979)
Ali Hassan Salameh