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Zuid-Beveland in the Netherlands during the North Sea flood of 1953
1747 – The , the first London Lock Hospital clinic specialising in the treatment of venereal diseases, opened. unsourced date, and problems with references see article talk
1801 – became the fourth John Marshall Chief Justice of the United States; his court opinions helped lay the basis for American constitutional law and made the Supreme Court a coequal branch of government. refimprove section
1846 – After having come to blows over the construction of a bridge, the citizens of two neighboring towns united to form the city of . Milwaukee, Wisconsin refimprove section
1876 – The United States ordered all Native Americans to move into . reservations fact not in article
1917 – World War I: Germany announced its U-boats would , less than two years after having suspended its attacks after the sinking of the resume unrestricted submarine warfare RMS . Lusitania refimprove
1919 – over labour conditions broke out in Intense rioting Glasgow, Scotland, and was only quelled when the British government sent tanks to restore order. refimprove
1942 – Second World War: Allied forces retreated from British Malaya to Singapore, of the country to Japan. ceding control refimprove section
1945 – World War II: became the only American soldier executed for Eddie Slovik desertion since the American Civil War. refimprove
1946 – In the , Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia a new constitution established the six constituent republics: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia. promotional content
1953 – The and its associated storm began hitting the coastlines of several European countries along the North Sea flood North Sea, eventually killing more than 2,000 people. refimprove
1958 – , the United States' first Explorer 1 satellite, was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, and became the first spacecraft to detect the Van Allen radiation belt. refimprove section
1971 – The Vietnam Veterans Against the War opened the , a three-day media event to publicize Winter Soldier Investigation war crimes and other atrocities by American forces and their allies during the Vietnam War. refimprove section
2001 – Scottish judges sitting in court in the Netherlands convicted Libyan national of 270 counts of murder in the bombing of Abdelbaset al-Megrahi Pan Am Flight 103. lots of CN tags
2011 – Days after a major blizzard struck the northeastern United States and Canada, swept across the continent from the a second, more powerful storm Mountain States to the eastern seaboard and caused $1.8 billion in damage. expansion
1862 – American astronomer Alvan Graham Clark first observed the faint white dwarf companion of , the brightest star in the night sky. Sirius
1900 – Datu Muhammad Salleh, leader of in a series of major disturbances North Borneo, was shot dead in Tambunan, but his followers did not give up for five more years.
1961 – Aboard NASA's Mercury-Redstone 2, became the first Ham the Chimp hominid launched into outer space.
1996 – Japanese amateur astronomer Yuji Hyakutake discovered , which was one of the closest cometary approaches of the previous 200 years. Comet Hyakutake
2000 – , experiencing problems with its Alaska Airlines Flight 261 horizontal stabilizer system, crashed in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of California's Anacapa Island, killing all 88 people on board.
2007 – Suspects were arrested in Birmingham, UK, accused of , and eventually behead, a Muslim British soldier serving in Iraq. plotting to kidnap
2010 – became the first film to earn over Avatar . $2 billion worldwide Born/died this day:
: January 31 Independence Day in ( Nauru 1968); (Judaism, 2018) Tu BiShvat
Damage caused by the Pemex explosion
(d. 1632) Jost Bürgi · (d. 1811) Manuel Alberti · (b. 1981) Justin Timberlake