This is a list of
selected that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can July 16 anniversaries and edit this page. be bold Please read the However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative their subjects are. Only 5–6 events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is " article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is not generally posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled July 16, 2019 featured article or the July 16, 2019 featured picture.
To report an error when this appears on the Main Page, see
Main Page errors. Please remember that this list defers to the supporting articles, so it is best to achieve consensus and make any necessary changes there first.
Use only ONE image at a time
Impact site of Shoemaker-Levy 9's fragment G on Jupiter's cloud-tops
"Trinity", the first nuclear test explosion
"Trinity", the first nuclear test explosion
Portrait of Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor, by Pierre-Joseph Lion
The Declaration of State Sovereignty of Ukraine marked on a 1991 USSR postage stamp
Mission San Diego de Alcalá
Feast day of (Roman Catholic Church);
Our Lady of Mount Carmel refimprove section
622 – The epoch of the occurred, marking the year that Islamic calendar Muhammad began his Hijra from Mecca to Medina.
1779 – American Revolutionary War: A select force of Continental Army infantry made a surprise night attack and a fortified position of the captured British Army on the Hudson River south of West Point, New York.
1862 – became the first person to be promoted to the rank of David Farragut rear admiral in the United States Navy.
1979 – replaced the resigning Saddam Hussein Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr as President of Iraq, after having gradually usurped power from his cousin.
1981 – was sworn in as Malaysia's Mahathir Mohamad fourth prime minister, a post which he held for 22 years, making him the country's longest-serving one.
1990 – The parliament of Ukrainian SSR adopted the .
Declaration of State Sovereignty of Ukraine stub
1990 – A 7.8 M earthquake S the densely populated Philippine island of struck Luzon, killing an estimated 1,621 people.
1999 – John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife Carolyn Bessette Kennedy, and sister-in-law Lauren Bessette in a plane crash off the coast of were killed Martha's Vineyard.
2001 – Russia and the People's Republic of China signed the , a twenty-year strategic treaty.
Treaty of Good-Neighborliness and Friendly Cooperation no footnotes
1769 – Spanish friar Junípero Serra founded Mission San Diego de Alcalá (pictured), the first Franciscan mission in the Alta California region of New Spain.
1782 – Mozart's opera made its premiere, after which Emperor Die Entführung aus dem Serail anecdotally made the comment that it had "too many notes". Joseph II
1931 – Emperor of Ethiopia Haile Selassie signed the nation's , intended to officially replace the first constitution , which had been the supreme law since the Middle Ages. Fetha Nagast
1945 – Manhattan Project: " ", the first Trinity nuclear test explosion, was carried out near Alamogordo, New Mexico.
1950 – Korean War: A Korean People's Army unit twenty-one massacred U.S. Army prisoners of war.
1951 – , an American The Catcher in the Rye coming-of-age novel by J. D. Salinger, was first published.
1965 – South Vietnamese Colonel —an undetected Phạm Ngọc Thảo communist spy—was reported dead due to injuries sustained during his capture, but it is generally assumed he was tortured to death.
1983 – A British Airways Sikorsky S-61 helicopter in the crashed Celtic Sea in thick fog, killing 20 of the 26 on board, and sparking a review of helicopter safety in the United Kingdom.
2004 – Chicago's , currently the world's largest Millennium Park rooftop garden, opened.
2007 – A magnitude 6.6 earthquake M W struck Niigata Prefecture, Japan, causing a leak of radioactive gases from the Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Plant.
2013 – At least 23 students died and dozens more fell ill at a primary school in the village of Dharmashati Gandaman in the Saran district of the Indian state of Bihar after eating a Midday Meal . contaminated with pesticide Born/died: (d. 784) Fulrad · Mildred Lewis Rutherford (b. 1851) · Anna Vyrubova (b. 1884) · Assata Shakur (b. 1947) · Ratna Sarumpaet (b. 1948)
: July 16 in Japan (2018)
Impact site of Comet Shoemaker–Levy 9
1232 – A local mosque elected , who later established the Muhammad ibn Al-Ahmar last Muslim state in Spain, as ruler of Arjona.
1790 – U.S. President George Washington signed the , selecting a new permanent site along the Residence Act Potomac River for the capital of the United States, which later became Washington, D.C.
1994 – Fragments of began hitting the planet Comet Shoemaker–Levy 9 Jupiter (impact site pictured), with the first one causing a fireball which reached a peak temperature of about 24,000 . K 2008 – A broke in China which ultimately involved an estimated 300,000 victims, the vast majority infants, with 54,000 hospitalized with kidney problems and 6 deaths. tainted milk powder scandal
(d. 1344) An-Nasir Ahmad of Egypt · (d. 1915) Ellen G. White · (d. 1960)