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selected that appear in the "On this day" section of the anniversaries July 23 Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases, you can and edit this page. be bold Please read the However, if your addition might be controversial or on a day that is or will soon be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. talk page instead.
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Flag of the European Coal and Steel Community
1793 – After a siege of 18 weeks, French troops in Mainz surrendered to Prussian forces, effectively ending the , the first democratic state on the current German territory.
Republic of Mainz refimprove
1881 – The , the world's oldest international sport federation, was founded in International Gymnastics Federation Liège, Belgium.
1952 – Egyptian Army officers in the Free Officers Movement led by Muhammad Naguib and Gamal Abdel Nasser against King staged a military coup Farouk of Egypt.
1967 – A police raid of a blind pig sparked the that eventually left 43 dead, 467 injured, over 7200 arrests, and more than 2000 buildings burned down.
1967 Detroit riot refimprove section
1970 – overthrew his father Qaboos Said bin Taimur to become Sultan of Oman.
1983 – Sri Lankan Civil War The war began with carried out by large-scale rioting Sinhalese against Tamils in response to an ambush by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam on a convoy of Sri Lanka Army soldiers.
2005 – the Naama Bay area of Three bombs hit Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, killing 88 people.
Apolinario Mabini unreferenced section
1829 – William Austin Burt was awarded a patent for the , the first practical typographer typewriting machine.
1860 – The trial in the began, which became an important legal Eastbourne manslaughter precedent in the United Kingdom for discussions of corporal punishment in schools.
1862 – American Civil War: was appointed Henry Halleck general-in-chief of the Union Army.
1921 – The was founded at the Communist Party of China inaugural National Congress in Shanghai, with Chen Duxiu as its first Secretary.
1940 – Sumner Welles, U.S. Under Secretary of State, that the U.S. would not issued a declaration recognize the Soviet Union's annexation of the Baltic states.
1942 – The Holocaust: The gas chambers at began operation, killing 6,500 Jews who had been transported from the Treblinka extermination camp Warsaw Ghetto the day before.
1968 – In Cleveland, Ohio, U.S., between police and a a shootout Black Power group began, which sparked three days of rioting.
1974 – Following the collapse of the Greek military junta, the period began as the country transitioned to a democratic government. Metapolitefsi
1983 – made an emergency landing in Air Canada Flight 143 Gimli, Manitoba, Canada, without loss of life after the crew was forced to glide the aircraft when it completely ran out of fuel.
1984 – Vanessa Williams, the first African-American Miss America, after was forced to resign published nude photos of her without her consent. Penthouse magazine
1986 – The wedding of and Sarah Ferguson took place at Prince Andrew, Duke of York Westminster Abbey.
2001 – Megawati Sukarnoputri (pictured) became the first female president of Indonesia after the People's Consultative Assembly removed Abdurrahman Wahid.
2002 – On the 50th anniversary of its founding, the disbanded, and its activities and resources were absorbed by the European Coal and Steel Community European Community.
2012 – of similar intensity to the A solar storm Carrington Event, which caused one of the largest geomagnetic storms ever recorded, erupted from the Sun and missed the Earth by a small margin. Born/died: (d. 1584) John Day · (b. 1614) Bonaventura Peeters the Elder · (b. 1900) John Babcock · (b. 1928) Vera Rubin · (b. 1976) Judit Polgár · (b. 1979) Michelle Williams · (d. 1980) Olivia Manning · (d. 2011) Amy Winehouse
: July 23 ( Birthday of Haile Selassie Rastafari)
(d. 955) He Ning · (b. 1897) Red Dutton · (b. 1989)