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Canadian National Vimy Memorial
Seal of the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation
the ( Maldives 1965) refimprove sections
811 – Bulgarian forces led by Khan Krum defeated the Byzantines at the , annihilating almost the whole army and killing Byzantine Emperor Battle of Pliska . Nikephoros I refimprove section
1509 – , who would become the most powerful of all the Hindu rulers of India, ascended to the throne of the Krishnadevaraya Vijayanagara Empire. unreferenced section
1581 – Representatives of the States General of the Netherlands signed the , declaring the independence of the Act of Abjuration Dutch Low Countries from King . Philip II of Spain unreferenced section
1822 – José de San Martín met with Simón Bolívar in Guayaquil to plan for the future of Peru and South America in general. needs more footnotes
1863 – American Civil War: Union forces captured Confederate cavalry leader John Hunt Morgan and 360 of his volunteers in northeastern Ohio, ending . Morgan's Raid needs more footnotes
1887 – L. L. Zamenhof published , the first publication to describe Unua Libro , a Esperanto constructed international language. unreferenced section
1945 – The Labour Party won the by a landslide, replacing United Kingdom general election of July 5 Winston Churchill as Prime Minister with Clement Attlee. expansion
1963 – , the world's first Syncom 2 geosynchronous communications satellite, was launched by NASA on a Delta B rocket from Cape Canaveral. needs more footnotes
1999 – Fighting in the ended after Indian troops cleared the town of Kargil War Drass, Kashmir, of Pakistani forces. refimprove section
1882 – Boer mercenaries declared their independence from the Transvaal Republic and established the . Republic of Stellaland
1882 – Richard Wagner's opera , loosely based on Parsifal Wolfram von Eschenbach's epic poem about Parzival Arthurian knight Percival and his quest for the Holy Grail, officially premiered at the Festspielhaus in Bayreuth, Bavaria (present-day Germany).
1936 – The , dedicated to the Canadian National Vimy Memorial Canadian Expeditionary Force members killed during the First World War, was unveiled near Vimy, Pas-de-Calais, France.
1953 – In Short Creek, Arizona, police conducted a of approximately 400 mass arrest Mormon fundamentalists for polygamy.
1957 – briefly becomes President of Guatemala after the assassination of Luis Arturo González López Carlos Castillo Armas.
1968 – After coming second to Nguyễn Văn Thiệu in a rigged presidential election in 1967, was jailed by a military court for illicit currency transactions. Trương Đình Dzu
1990 – U.S. President George H. W. Bush signed into law the , a wide-ranging Americans with Disabilities Act civil rights law that prohibits, under certain circumstances, discrimination based on disability.
2008 – One day after similar bombings in Bangalore, exploded in 21 bombs Ahmedabad, India, killing 56 people and injuring over 200 others.
2009 – The militant Islamist sect Boko Haram on a launched an attack Nigeria Police Force station, sparking violence across several states in northeastern Nigeria, leaving over 1,000 people dead. Born/died this day:
(b. 1945) Helen Mirren ·
: July 26 Independence Day in ( Liberia 1847)
(b. 1856) George Bernard Shaw · (b. 1875) Carl Jung · (d. 1926) Robert Todd Lincoln