Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/July 3
This is a list of selected July 3 anniversaries that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can be bold and edit this page. Please read the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant their subjects are. Only 5–6 events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is "most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is not generally posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled July 3, 2018 featured article or the July 3, 2018 featured picture.
To report an error when this appears on the Main Page, see Main Page errors. Please remember that this list defers to the supporting articles, so it is best to achieve consensus and make any necessary changes there first.
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|Independence Day in Belarus (1944)||unreferenced section|
|987 – Hugh Capet was crowned King of France, becoming the first monarch of the Capetian dynasty, which ruled France continuously until overthrown during the French Revolution in 1792.||refimprove|
|1608 – French explorer Samuel de Champlain founded Quebec City.||refimprove sections|
|1767 – Adresseavisen, Norway's oldest newspaper still in print, was first published.||refimprove|
|1767 – Midshipman Robert Pitcairn sighted Pitcairn Island, subsequently named after him, during an expeditionary voyage led by Philip Carteret.||Pitcairn Islands: date not cited; Robert Pitcairn article says it was on 1 July|
|1866 – Prussian forces defeated the Austrian army at the Battle of Königgrätz, the decisive battle in the Austro-Prussian War.||needs more footnotes|
|1886 – German automobile engineer Karl Benz unveiled his Patent-Motorwagen, widely regarded as the first automobile, in Mannheim, Germany.||needs more footnotes|
|1938 – The LNER Mallard broke the world speed record for a steam locomotive, reaching a speed of 126 miles (203 km) per hour.||unreferenced section|
|1944 – World War II: During their second phase of Operation Bagration, Soviet troops liberated Minsk, present-day Belarus, from Nazi Germany.||needs more footnotes|
|2013 – Egyptian army chief General Abdel Fattah el-Sisi led a coalition to remove the President of Egypt, Mohamed Morsi, from power and suspended the Egyptian constitution.||expansion|
- 1754 – French and Indian War: George Washington surrendered Fort Necessity in Pennsylvania, the only military surrender in his entire career.
- 1778 – American Revolutionary War: Loyalists and Iroquois killed over 300 Patriots at the Battle of Wyoming in Pennsylvania.
- 1844 – The last known pair of great auks, the only modern species in the genus Pinguinus, were killed on Eldey, off the coast of Iceland.
- 1898 – In one of the key naval engagements of the Spanish–American War, the United States Navy destroyed the Spanish Navy's Caribbean Squadron.
- 1988 – United States Navy warship USS Vincennes shot down Iran Air Flight 655 over the Persian Gulf, killing all 290 people aboard.
- 324 – Roman emperor Constantine the Great defeated former colleague Licinius in the Battle of Adrianople.
- 1863 – Pickett's Charge, a futile Confederate infantry assault against Union Army positions, occurred during the final and bloodiest day of fighting in the Battle of Gettysburg, marking a turning point in the American Civil War.
- 1940 – Second World War: The British Navy attacked the French fleet (French destroyer Mogador pictured), fearing that the ships would fall into German hands after the armistice between those two nations.
- 1970 – The Troubles: The British Army imposed the Falls Curfew on Belfast, Northern Ireland, which only resulted in greater Irish republican resistance.
- 2005 – Same-sex marriage became legal in Spain.