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selected that appear in the "On this day" section of the anniversaries July 4 Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases, you can and edit this page. be bold Please read the However, if your addition might be controversial or on a day that is or will soon be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. talk page instead.
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Fourth july fireworks.jpg
Fireworks over the Washington Monument
title=Declaration of Independence by John Trumbull
The U.S. Declaration of Independence
The Grand Union Flag of the Thirteen Colonies in 1776
A Waffen-SS Tiger I engages another tank
title=Deep Impact collision with Tempel 1
414 – proclaimed herself regent over her brother Aelia Pulcheria and made herself Augusta and Empress of the Theodosius II Eastern Roman Empire.
1054 – Chinese astronomers recorded the sudden appearance of a " guest star", later identified as the supernova that created the . Crab Nebula
1776 – In Philadelphia, the Continental Congress adopted the , announcing that the Declaration of Independence thirteen American colonies were no longer a part of the British Empire.
1837 – The , the world's first long-distance railway, opened between Grand Junction Railway Birmingham and Liverpool.
1855 – The first edition of Walt Whitman's was published, and it went on to become one of the most important collections of Leaves of Grass American poetry.
1918 – World War I: An Allied force led by the Australian general John Monash was victorious in the , demonstrating the effectiveness of Battle of Hamel combined arms techniques in trench warfare.
1941 – German AB-Aktion in Poland: After capturing Lwów, the Nazis professors of the executed University of Lwów along with their families.
1941 – The Holocaust in Latvia: During the German occupation, a number of , killing many Jews who were confined in them. synagogues in Riga were set on fire
1943 – The aircraft carrying Władysław Sikorski, Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile, , killing him and fifteen others, leading to crashed . several conspiracy theories
1950 – The United States' anti-communist propaganda source made its first broadcast aimed at Czechoslovakia. Radio Free Europe
1951 – announced the invention of the William Shockley junction transistor, for which he, John Bardeen, and Walter Houser Brattain won the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physics.
1954 – In what is known as " ", The Miracle of Bern West Germany defeated Hungary 3–2 to win the FIFA World Cup.
1965 – The first , a series of early Annual Reminder pickets organized by homophile organizations, one of the earliest LGBT demonstrations in the United States, took place at Independence Hall in Philadelphia.
1976 – Israel Defense Forces Uganda's raided Entebbe International Airport to free hostages taken by hijackers on Air France Flight 139.
1982 – Four Iranian diplomats after they were stopped at a checkpoint in northern Lebanon by were kidnapped Lebanese Phalange forces and their fates remain unknown.
2002 – American aviator became the first person to fly solo nonstop Steve Fossett around the world in a balloon, completing an almost 14-day trip after landing in Queensland, Australia.
2005 – The NASA space probe collided with the Deep Impact nucleus of the comet Tempel 1, excavating debris from its interior so that its composition could be studied. Born/died: (b. 1095) Usama ibn Munqidh · (d. 1603) Philippe de Monte · (b. 1715) Christian Fürchtegott Gellert · (d. 1761) Samuel Richardson · (d. 1886) Pîhtokahanapiwiyin · (b. 1943) Geraldo Rivera
: July 4 (11:35 Perihelion of the Earth UTC, 2020); in the Philippines ( Republic Day 1946); in the United States ( Independence Day 1776)
(d. 1336) Elizabeth of Portugal · and John Adams (d. 1826) Thomas Jefferson · (d. 1976)