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National Constituent Assembly
Great train wreck of 1918
Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900
455 – Roman military commander was proclaimed Avitus Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
1357 – The foundation stone of in Charles Bridge Prague was laid by Holy Roman Emperor .
Charles IV refimprove section, date not cited
1755 – French and Indian War: The defeat in the brought an end to Britain's attempt to Battle of the Monongahela capture the strategically important Ohio Country.
1789 – French Revolution: The was formed from the National Constituent Assembly National Assembly, and began to function as a governing body and a drafter for a new constitution.
1811 – British explorer posted a notice at the confluence of the David Thompson Columbia and Snake Rivers (in modern Washington state, U.S.), claiming the area for Great Britain.
1815 – , whose name has become a synonym for crafty, cynical diplomacy, assumed his role as the first Talleyrand Prime Minister of France.
1816 – The Congress of Tucumán , then known as the declared the independence of Argentina United Provinces of South America, from Spain.
needs more footnotes
1918 – In one of the deadliest rail accidents in United States history, two passenger trains in collided head-on Nashville, Tennessee, killing 101 people and injuring 171.
needs more footnotes
1900 – Queen Victoria gave her royal assent to an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, ratifying the Constitution of Australia (pictured).
1922 – swam the 100-meter Johnny Weissmuller freestyle in 58.6 seconds, breaking a world swimming record and the "minute barrier."
1943 – World War II: Major fighting in the ceased as the United States captured the island of Battle of Saipan Saipan in the Mariana Islands.
1955 – Albert Einstein, Bertrand Russell and nine other preeminent intellectuals and scientists issued the , calling for Russell–Einstein Manifesto where scientists would assess the dangers posed by a conference weapons of mass destruction.
Manifesto needs more references; Conference has refimprove section
1999 – began after Iranian police attacked a Six days of student protests University of Tehran dormitory following a peaceful student demonstration against the closure of the reformist newspaper Salam.
2002 – The was formed as a successor to the amalgamated African Union African Economic Community and the Organization of African Unity, with President of South Africa Thabo Mbeki as its first chairman.
lead too short, tagged for expansion
Jessica Anderson unreferenced section
869 – struck the area around An earthquake and subsequent tsunami Sendai, Japan, leaving sand deposits up to 4 km (2.5 mi) inland.
1640 – The Virginia Governor's Council made the first legally recognized John Punch slave in England's North American colonies.
1745 – War of the Austrian Succession: The French victory in the enabled their subsequent capture of Battle of Melle Ghent.
1790 – Russo-Swedish War: During the in the Second Battle of Svensksund Baltic Sea, the Swedish Navy captured one third of the Russian fleet.
1850 – Following Zachary Taylor's death, became President of the United States, the last member of the Millard Fillmore Whig Party to hold that office.
1877 – The , the world's oldest tennis tournament, began. inaugural Wimbledon Championship
1896 – Politician William Jennings Bryan made his advocating Cross of Gold speech bimetallism, considered one of the greatest political speeches in American history.
1937 – Nitrate film being stored in a 20th Century Fox facility , destroying more than 40,000 reels of spontaneously combusted negatives and film prints.
1962 – The United States conducted the Starfish Prime high-altitude nuclear test, the largest man-made nuclear explosion in outer space.
1962 – In a seminal moment for pop art, Andy Warhol's exhibition opened at the Campbell's Soup Cans Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles.
1981 – Nintendo released the arcade game , which featured the debut of Donkey Kong , one of the most famous characters in video game history. Mario
1995 – Sri Lankan Civil War: After having advised civilians to take shelter in places of worship, the Sri Lanka Air Force in bombed a church Navaly, killing at least 125 people. Born/died this day: (d. 1797) Edmund Burke ·
: July 9 Independence Day in ( Argentina 1816)
1572 – Nineteen Catholic friars and clerics in were hanged Gorkum during the 16th-century religious wars in the Low Countries.
1868 – The to the Fourteenth Amendment United States Constitution, including the Citizenship Clause and the Equal Protection Clause, was ratified by the minimum required twenty-eight states.
1943 – World War II: The Allies began their invasion of Sicily (American tank pictured), a large scale amphibious and airborne operation, followed by six weeks of land combat.
1958 – A 525 m (1,722 ft) high megatsunami, the highest ever recorded, struck Lituya Bay, Alaska, U.S. 2008 – Under the belief that Israel and the United States were planning to attack its nuclear program, Iran conducted the missile test and Great Prophet III war games exercise.
(d. 1441) Jan van Eyck · (b. 1526) Elizabeth of Austria · (b. 1956)