Jump to navigation Jump to search
|<<||Selected anniversaries for June||>>|
|An archive of historical anniversaries that appeared on the Main Page|
2020 day arrangement
- 1660 – Mary Dyer was hanged in Boston for repeatedly defying a law banning Quakers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
- 1794 – The Glorious First of June, the first and largest fleet action of the naval conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the French First Republic during the French Revolutionary Wars, was fought.
- 1942 – World War II: The crews of three Japanese Type A Kō-hyōteki-class submarines scuttled their boats and committed suicide after entering Sydney Harbour and launching a failed attack.
- 1974 – In an informal article in a medical journal, Henry Heimlich introduced the concept of abdominal thrusts, commonly known as the "Heimlich maneuver", to help choking victims.
- 1999 – On landing at Little Rock National Airport in the U.S. state of Arkansas, American Airlines Flight 1420 overran the runway and crashed (wreckage pictured), resulting in 11 deaths.
- 455 – After having removed Petronius Maximus from the throne, Vandals led by Genseric entered Rome and sacked it for two weeks.
- 1805 – Napoleonic Wars: A Franco-Spanish fleet recaptured British-held Diamond Rock (pictured), an uninhabited island at the entrance to the bay leading to Fort-de-France.
- 1919 – First Red Scare: Anarchist followers of Luigi Galleani set off eight bombs in eight cities across the United States.
- 1967 – German university student Benno Ohnesorg was killed during a protest in West Berlin against the visit of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of Iran, sparking the formation of the militant group 2 June Movement.
- 1994 – The Royal Air Force suffered its worst peacetime disaster when a Chinook helicopter crashed on the Mull of Kintyre, Scotland, killing all 29 people on board.
- 1781 – American Revolutionary War: Jack Jouett made a 40-mile (64 km) ride to warn Thomas Jefferson and the Virginia legislature of coming British cavalry who had been sent to capture them.
- 1844 – The last known pair of great auks (specimens depicted), the only modern species in the genus Pinguinus, were killed on Eldey, off the coast of Iceland.
- 1950 – Herzog and Lachenal of the French Annapurna expedition became the first climbers to reach the summit of an 8,000-metre peak.
- 1969 – During a SEATO exercise HMAS Melbourne of the Royal Australian Navy collided with the U.S. Navy's USS Frank E. Evans, cutting the latter in two and killing 74 people.
- 1982 – An assassination attempt on Shlomo Argov, the Israeli ambassador to the United Kingdom, failed; this was later used as justification for the 1982 Lebanon War.
- 1411 – King Charles VI of France granted a monopoly for the ripening of Roquefort cheese to the people of Roquefort-sur-Soulzon.
- 1792 – Royal Navy Captain George Vancouver claimed Puget Sound in the Pacific Northwest for Great Britain.
- 1913 – Emily Davison (pictured), an activist for women's suffrage in the United Kingdom, was fatally injured when she was trampled by King George V's horse at the Epsom Derby.
- 1944 – World War II: A United States Navy task group captured German submarine U-505.
- 1989 – The People's Liberation Army suppressed the Tiananmen Square protests in Beijing, leaving many dead and wounded.
- 1832 – The June Rebellion (depicted), an anti-monarchist uprising, broke out in Paris.
- 1862 – Vietnamese guerrilla leader Trương Định decided to defy Emperor Tự Đức and the Treaty of Saigon, choosing to fight on against the Europeans.
- 1941 – Second Sino-Japanese War: During one sortie in a five-year bombing campaign on Chongqing, 4,000 people died of asphyxiation when the tunnel they were hiding in became blocked.
- 1981 – The Centers for Disease Control recorded a cluster of Pneumocystis pneumonia cases among homosexual men in Los Angeles, the first reported cases of AIDS.
- 2009 – After almost two months of civil disobedience, at least 31 people were killed in clashes between the National Police and indigenous people in Peru's Bagua Province.
- 1513 – War of the League of Cambrai: A Milanese force with Swiss mercenaries defeated the French in Novara, forcing them to withdraw from Milan and Italy.
- 1749 – A plot by Muslim slaves in Malta to assassinate Manuel Pinto da Fonseca of the Knights Hospitaller was uncovered.
- 1894 – Colorado Governor Davis Hanson Waite ordered his state militia to protect and support the miners engaged in the Cripple Creek miners' strike.
- 1944 – World War II: The Invasion of Normandy, the largest amphibious military operation in history, began with Allied troops landing on the beaches of Normandy (pictured) in France.
- 1971 – Hughes Airwest Flight 706 collided with a U.S. Marine Corps F-4B Phantom II near Duarte, California, killing 50 people, the radar intercept officer of the F-4B being the sole survivor.
- 421 – Roman emperor Theodosius II married Aelia Eudocia (depicted in mosaic), who later helped protect Greek pagans and Jews from persecution.
- 1776 – Virginia statesman Richard Henry Lee presented a resolution to the Second Continental Congress, which called for the Thirteen Colonies to declare independence from Great Britain.
- 1917 – First World War: The British Army detonated 19 ammonal mines under the German lines, killing 10,000 in the deadliest non-nuclear man-made explosion in history.
- 1969 – The rock supergroup Blind Faith, featuring Eric Clapton, Steve Winwood and Ginger Baker, played their only UK show in Hyde Park in front of 100,000 fans.
- 218 – Led by the inexperienced Gannys, the legions of Elagabalus defeated the forces of Roman emperor Macrinus.
- 1776 – American Revolutionary War: British forces defeated the Continental Army at the Battle of Trois-Rivières, the last battle of the American invasion of Quebec.
- 1929 – Margaret Bondfield became the first female member of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom when she was named Minister of Labour by Ramsay MacDonald.
- 1967 – The Israeli Air Force attacked the U.S. Navy intelligence ship USS Liberty (pictured) in international waters, killing 34 and wounding 173.
- 2009 – Two American journalists, having been arrested for illegal entry into North Korea, were sentenced to twelve years hard labor before being pardoned two months later.
- 747 – Abu Muslim initiated an open revolt against Umayyad rule, which was carried out under the sign of the Black Standard.
- 1523 – Simon de Colines, a Parisian printer, was fined for printing Biblical commentary by Jacques Lefèvre d'Étaples without obtaining prior approval.
- 1915 – Unhappy with U.S. President Woodrow Wilson's handling of the RMS Lusitania sinking, William Jennings Bryan (pictured) resigned as Secretary of State.
- 1944 – World War II: In reprisal for successful French Resistance attacks, the SS and SD hanged 99 men in the town of Tulle.
- 1965 – The Viet Cong commenced combat with the Army of the Republic of Vietnam in the Battle of Đồng Xoài, one of the largest battles in the Vietnam War.
- 1190 – Third Crusade: Frederick Barbarossa drowned in the Saleph River in Anatolia.
- 1786 – Ten days after it was created during an earthquake, a landslide dam on the Dadu River in China was destroyed by an aftershock, causing a flood that killed an estimated 100,000 people.
- 1886 – Mount Tarawera, a volcano in New Zealand's North Island, erupted (depicted), killing around 120 people and creating the Waimangu Volcanic Rift Valley.
- 1925 – The United Church of Canada, the country's largest Protestant church, held its inaugural service in Toronto's Mutual Street Arena.
- 1991 – Eleven-year-old Jaycee Lee Dugard was kidnapped in South Lake Tahoe, California; she remained a captive until 2009.
- 1509 – Catherine of Aragon married King Henry VIII of England, becoming the first of his six wives.
- 1594 – In the Philippines, Philip II of Spain recognized the right to govern of the Principalía, the local nobles and chieftains who had converted to Roman Catholicism.
- 1963 – The University of Alabama was desegregated as Governor George Wallace stepped aside after defiantly blocking the entrance (pictured) to an auditorium.
- 2008 – Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper apologised to the First Nations for past governments' policies of forced assimilation.
- 1240 – The Disputation of Paris began in the court of King Louis IX, in which four rabbis defended the Talmud against Nicholas Donin's accusations of blasphemy.
- 1864 – Union General Ulysses S. Grant pulled his troops out of the Battle of Cold Harbor in Hanover County, Virginia, ending one of the bloodiest, most lopsided battles in the American Civil War.
- 1942 – On her thirteenth birthday, Anne Frank (pictured) began keeping her diary during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands.
- 1994 – The Boeing 777, the world's largest twinjet, made its first flight.
- 1999 – In the aftermath of the bombing of Yugoslavia and the Kosovo War, the NATO-led Kosovo Force entered Kosovo with a mandate of establishing a secure environment in the territory.
- 2016 – At least 49 people were killed in a shooting at the gay nightclub Pulse, in Orlando, Florida.
- 313 – The Edict of Milan, an agreement between Constantine the Great and Licinius to treat Christians benevolently within the Roman Empire, was posted in Nicomedia.
- 1525 – Martin Luther married Katharina von Bora, defying the celibacy discipline decreed by the Roman Catholic Church for priests.
- 1881 – An Arctic Ocean ice pack crushed the USS Jeannette during its expedition to the North Pole.
- 1955 – Soviet geologists discovered a diamond-bearing deposit in Eastern Siberia, leading to the construction of the Mir mine (pictured), the first diamond mine in the USSR and the second-largest excavated hole in the world.
- 1983 – Pioneer 10 passed the orbit of Neptune, becoming the first man-made object to leave the proximity of the major planets of the Solar System.
- 1285 – Forces led by Prince Trần Quang Khải of Vietnam's Trần dynasty destroyed most of the invading Mongol naval fleet in a battle at Chuong Duong.
- 1800 – War of the Second Coalition: In the Battle of Marengo, Napoleonic forces secured victory over the Habsburgs when defeat had appeared inevitable until the arrival of French troops led by Louis Desaix.
- 1900 – The second of the German Naval Laws was passed, doubling the size of the Imperial German Navy.
- 1949 – Albert II became the first monkey in space, reaching an altitude of 134 km (83 mi) in a V-2 rocket.
- 1966 – The Vatican formally abolished its 427-year-old list of prohibited books (title page pictured).
- 1670 – The first stone of Malta's Fort Ricasoli was laid.
- 1878 – Eadweard Muybridge took a series of photographs to prove that all four feet of a horse leave the ground when it gallops (animation pictured), which became the basis of motion pictures.
- 1919 – After nearly 16 hours in the air, the Vickers Vimy flown by John Alcock and Arthur Whitten Brown crash-landed in County Galway, Ireland, completing the first non-stop transatlantic flight.
- 1944 – In the Saskatchewan general election, the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation led by Tommy Douglas won enough seats in the Legislative Assembly to form the first socialist government in North America.
- 1996 – The Troubles: The Provisional Irish Republican Army detonated a truck bomb in the commercial centre of Manchester, England, injuring more than 200 people and causing widespread damage to buildings.
- 1407 – During the Ming–Hồ War, the Chinese Ming armies captured Hồ Quý Ly and his sons, thus ending the Vietnamese Hồ dynasty.
- 1819 – A strong earthquake in the Kutch district of Gujarat, India, caused a local zone of uplift that dammed the Nara River, which was later named the Allah Bund ('Dam of God').
- 1904 – Irish author James Joyce (pictured) began his relationship with Nora Barnacle, and subsequently used the date to set the actions for his 1922 novel Ulysses.
- 1958 – Imre Nagy and other leaders of the failed Hungarian Revolution of 1956 were executed following secret trials.
- 2016 – Jo Cox, a British Member of Parliament, was murdered in her constituency.
- 653 – Pope Martin I (pictured) was arrested in the Lateran Palace before being taken to Constantinople and tried for high treason.
- 1631 – Mumtaz Mahal, wife of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, died in childbirth; Jahan spent the next seventeen years constructing her mausoleum, the Taj Mahal.
- 1876 – Great Sioux War: A band of Lakota Sioux and Cheyenne attacked a United States Army expedition and its Crow and Shoshone allies in the Battle of the Rosebud.
- 1940 – Second World War: Britain's worst maritime disaster occurred when at least 3,000 people were killed as a result of the troopship RMS Lancastria's sinking by the Luftwaffe near Saint-Nazaire, France.
- 1985 – On board Space Shuttle Discovery, Sultan bin Salman Al Saud became the first Arab, the first Muslim, and the first astronaut of royal blood to fly in outer space.
- 618 – Li Yuan (pictured) declared himself to be emperor of a new Chinese dynasty known as Tang, which lasted for three centuries.
- 1815 – War of the Seventh Coalition: Napoleon Bonaparte fought and lost his final battle, the Battle of Waterloo, in present-day Belgium.
- 1940 – Charles de Gaulle gave his Appeal of 18 June speech, inspiring the French Resistance, and Winston Churchill urged Britons to fight so that future generations would say, "This was their finest hour".
- 2009 – NASA launched the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, its first mission to the moon in over ten years.
- 325 – The original Nicene Creed, a statement of belief widely used in Christian liturgy, was adopted at the First Council of Nicaea.
- 1816 – The Hudson's Bay Company and the North West Company, rival fur-trading companies, engaged in a violent confrontation in present-day Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
- 1939 – American baseball player Lou Gehrig (pictured) was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, now commonly known in the United States as "Lou Gehrig's Disease".
- 1987 – Basque separatist group ETA detonated a car bomb at the Hipercor shopping centre in Barcelona, killing 21 people and injuring 45 others.
- 2009 – War in Afghanistan: British forces began Operation Panther's Claw, in which more than 350 troops made an aerial assault on Taliban positions in Southern Afghanistan.
- 1789 – French Revolution: Members of the Third Estate took the Tennis Court Oath, pledging not to separate until a new constitution was established.
- 1819 – Arriving in Liverpool, SS Savannah (pictured) became the first steamship to cross the Atlantic Ocean.
- 1959 – The extratropical remnants of an Atlantic hurricane reached the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, Canada, capsizing at least twenty-two fishing boats and causing thirty-five fatalities.
- 1979 – Bill Stewart, an American journalist, was executed by Nicaraguan Guardia forces.
- 1994 – A bomb explosion in the Imam Reza shrine in Mashhad, Iran, left at least twenty-five dead and more than seventy injured.
- 1529 – War of the League of Cognac: The French army under Francis de Bourbon was destroyed in Lombardy, Italy, by the Spanish army.
- 1848 – In the Wallachian Revolution, Ion Heliade Rădulescu and Christian Tell proclaimed a new republican government.
- 1919 – Admiral Ludwig von Reuter scuttled the German High Seas Fleet in Scapa Flow to prevent the ships from being seized and divided amongst the Allied Powers.
- 1957 – Ellen Fairclough (pictured) became the first woman appointed to the Canadian Cabinet.
- 1973 – The U.S. Supreme Court delivered its decision in the landmark case Miller v. California, establishing the "Miller test" for determining what is obscene material.
- 813 – Byzantine–Bulgarian wars: A vastly outnumbered Bulgarian Empire force defeated a Byzantine army in the Battle of Versinikia.
- 1807 – The British warship HMS Leopard pursued and attacked the American frigate USS Chesapeake in the belief that the latter had deserters from the Royal Navy.
- 1911 – George V and Mary of Teck (both pictured) were crowned king and queen of the United Kingdom at Westminster Abbey in London.
- 1941 – World War II: As Axis troops began their invasion of the Soviet Union, the Lithuanian Activist Front started an uprising to liberate Lithuania from Soviet occupation.
- 2009 – Two Metro trains in Washington, D.C., collided, killing nine people and injuring eighty others.
- 1280 – Reconquista: Troops of the Emirate of Granada defeated those of the Kingdom of Castile and the Kingdom of León in the Battle of Moclín.
- 1865 – Stand Watie (pictured) became the last Confederate general to surrender in the American Civil War.
- 1926 – The College Board administered the first SAT, a major standardized test for university and college admissions in the United States.
- 1985 – A bomb attributed to the Sikh separatist group Babbar Khalsa destroyed Air India Flight 182 above the Atlantic Ocean, killing all 329 on board.
- 2016 – Citizens of the United Kingdom voted to support a non-binding resolution to leave the European Union.
- 1622 – Dutch–Portuguese War: An outnumbered Portuguese force repelled a Dutch attack in the Battle of Macau, the only major military engagement that was fought between two European powers on the Chinese mainland.
- 1812 – Napoleonic Wars: The French Grande Armée under Napoleon crossed the Neman river, marking the start of their invasion of Russia.
- 1880 – "O Canada" (audio featured), today the national anthem of Canada, was first performed in Quebec City, during a Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day banquet.
- 1939 – The first of the Thai cultural mandates was issued, officially changing the country's name from Siam to Thailand.
- 1994 – A United States Air Force B-52 Stratofortress crashed at Fairchild Air Force Base in Spokane County, Washington, killing all four crew members, and later providing a case study on the importance of compliance with safety regulations.
- 1658 – Anglo-Spanish War: the three-day Battle of Rio Nuevo began, the largest ever fought on the island of Jamaica, in which English colonial forces repelled a Spanish attack.
- 1678 – Venetian mathematician Elena Cornaro Piscopia became the first woman to receive a Doctor of Philosophy degree.
- 1940 – World War II: The evacuation of nearly 200,000 Allied soldiers from French ports was completed.
- 1950 – The Korean War began with North Korean forces launching a pre-dawn raid over the 38th parallel into South Korea.
- 2009 – Singer Michael Jackson (pictured) died as a result of the combination of drugs in his body.
- 1243 – Mongol invasions of Anatolia: Mongols achieved a decisive victory over the Seljuq Turks, leading to the decline and disintegration of the Seljuk state.
- 1889 – Bangui (city centre pictured), the capital and largest city of the Central African Republic, was founded in French Congo.
- 1906 – The 1906 French Grand Prix, the first Grand Prix motor racing competition, was held outside Le Mans.
- 1936 – The first prototype of the Focke-Wulf Fw 61, the first fully controllable helicopter, made its maiden flight.
- 2013 – The U.S. Supreme Court granted federal recognition to same-sex marriage when it overturned the Defense of Marriage Act.
- 1571 – Elizabeth I of England issued a royal charter establishing Jesus College (pictured), the first Protestant college at the University of Oxford.
- 1869 – One day after surrendering at the Battle of Hakodate, Enomoto Takeaki turned over Goryōkaku to Japanese forces, signaling the collapse of the Republic of Ezo.
- 1905 – The crew of the Russian battleship Potemkin began a mutiny against their oppressive officers.
- 1989 – The International Labour Organization Convention 169, a major binding international convention concerning indigenous peoples, and a forerunner of the 2007 Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, was adopted.
- 572 – Alboin, king of the Lombards, was assassinated in a coup d'état instigated by the Byzantines.
- 1919 – The Treaty of Versailles was signed, formally ending World War I.
- 1969 – In response to a police raid at the Stonewall Inn (pictured) in New York City, groups of gay and transgender people began to riot, a watershed event for the worldwide gay rights movement.
- 1989 – President Slobodan Milošević gave a speech in which he described the possibility of "armed battles" in the future of Serbia's national development.
- 2009 – Honduran president Manuel Zelaya was ousted by a local military coup following his attempt to hold a referendum to rewrite the constitution.
- 1613 – The original Globe Theatre in London burned to the ground after a cannon employed for special effects misfired during a performance of John Fletcher and William Shakespeare's Henry VIII and ignited the theatre's roof.
- 1864 – Canada's worst railway accident took place when a passenger train fell through an open swing bridge into the Richelieu River near present-day Mont-Saint-Hilaire, Quebec.
- 1927 – The United States Army Air Corps aircraft Bird of Paradise landed at Wheeler Field on the Hawaiian island of Oahu to complete the first transpacific flight.
- 1974 – Isabel Perón (pictured) was sworn in as the first female acting President of Argentina, replacing her ill husband Juan, who died two days later.
- 1995 – The Shuttle–Mir Program began when Space Shuttle Atlantis became the first space shuttle to dock with the Russian space station Mir.
- 1559 – During a jousting match, King Henry II of France (pictured) was mortally wounded when fragments of the splintered lance of Gabriel Montgomery pierced his eye.
- 1860 – Seven months after the publication of Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species, several prominent British scientists and philosophers participated in an evolution debate at the Oxford University Museum.
- 1934 – Adolf Hitler violently purged members of the Sturmabteilung (SA), including its leader Ernst Röhm, and other political rivals in the Night of the Long Knives, executing at least 85 people.
- 1972 – The International Time Bureau added the first leap second to the Coordinated Universal Time time scale.
- 2009 – Schoolgirl Bahia Bakari was the sole survivor when Yemenia Flight 626 crashed into the Indian Ocean killing 152 people.