|<<||Selected anniversaries for June||>>|
|An archive of historical anniversaries that appeared on the Main Page
2017 day arrangement
- 1495 – An entry in the Exchequer Rolls of Scotland made the first recorded mention of Scotch whisky (bottle pictured).
- 1648 – Second English Civil War: Parliamentarian troops defeated Royalist forces in the Battle of Maidstone.
- 1831 – British naval officer and explorer James Clark Ross successfully led the first expedition to reach the North Magnetic Pole.
- 1879 – Napoléon, Prince Imperial was killed in action during the Anglo-Zulu War, sending shock waves throughout Europe, as he was the last serious hope for the restoration of the Bonapartes to the French throne.
- 1941 – World War II: After the first mainly airborne invasion in military history, Crete surrendered to Nazi Germany.
- 2015 – China's worst peacetime maritime disaster took place when the cruise ship Dongfang zhi Xing capsized in the Yangtze, resulting in 442 deaths.
- 1805 – Napoleonic Wars: A Franco-Spanish fleet recaptured Diamond Rock (pictured), an uninhabited island at the entrance to the bay leading to Fort-de-France, from the British.
- 1866 – Fenian raids: The Battle of Ridgeway, the first to be fought only by Canadian troops and led exclusively by Canadian officers, took place in Ontario.
- 1967 – German university student Benno Ohnesorg was killed during a protest in West Berlin against the visit of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran, sparking the formation of the militant group 2 June Movement.
- 1999 – Bhutan ended its status as the only country in the world to prohibit television when the state-run Bhutan Broadcasting Service came on the air.
- 2010 – A lone gunman went on a shooting spree in Cumbria, England, killing 12 people and injuring 11 others before committing suicide.
- 1770 – Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo, a historic Catholic mission church in present-day Carmel-by-the-Sea, California, and the site of the first Christian confirmation in Alta California, was established.
- 1892 – Liverpool F.C., one of England's most successful football clubs, was founded.
- 1937 – Nearly six months after Edward, Duke of Windsor, abdicated the British throne, he married American socialite Wallis Simpson in a private ceremony near Tours, France.
- 1968 – American artist Andy Warhol (pictured) and two others were shot and wounded at his New York City studio "The Factory" by radical feminist Valerie Solanas.
- 2012 – Dana Air Flight 992, a passenger flight from Abuja to Lagos, Nigeria, suffered dual engine failure and crashed into a building, resulting in the deaths of all 153 on board and ten more on the ground.
George V (b. 1865) ·
- 1792 – Royal Navy Captain George Vancouver claimed Puget Sound in the Pacific Northwest for Great Britain.
- 1913 – Emily Davison (pictured), an activist for women's suffrage in the United Kingdom, was fatally injured when she was trampled by King George V's horse at the Epsom Derby.
- 1940 – Second World War: The remaining Allied forces protecting the Dunkirk evacuation surrendered, giving the Germans a tactical victory in the Battle of Dunkirk.
- 1996 – The maiden flight of the Ariane 5 failed, with the rocket self-destructing 37 seconds after launch because of a malfunction in the control software—one of the most expensive computer bugs in history.
Angelina Jolie (b. 1975)
- 663 – The Daming Palace (reconstructed gate pictured) became the government seat and royal residence of the Tang empire during Emperor Gaozong's reign.
- 1257 – Kraków in Poland received city rights based on the Magdeburg law.
- 1899 – Antonio Luna was assassinated in the midst of the Philippine–American War.
- 1941 – Second Sino-Japanese War: During one sortie in a five-year bombing campaign on Chongqing, 4,000 people died of asphyxiation when the tunnel they were hiding in became blocked.
- 1976 – The Teton Dam in eastern Idaho, US, collapsed as its reservoir was being filled for the first time, resulting in the deaths of eleven people and 13,000 cattle, and causing up to $2 billion in damage.
- 1862 – American Civil War: The Union Army's victory in the First Battle of Memphis virtually eradicated the Confederate naval presence on the Mississippi River.
- 1882 – The Shewa kingdom made big strides towards gaining supremacy over the Ethiopian Empire by defeating the Gojjam and gaining control of territories south of the Gibe River.
- 1912 – The largest eruption of the 20th century created the Novarupta volcano (pictured) in the Alaska Peninsula, US.
- 1982 – A war in Lebanon began when Israeli forces invaded southern Lebanon to root out members of the Palestine Liberation Organization.
- 2004 – During a joint sitting of both houses of the Indian Parliament, President A. P. J. Abdul Kalam announced that Tamil was to be made the first legally recognised classical language of India.
- 1692 – An estimated 7.5 MW earthquake caused Port Royal, Jamaica, to sink below sea level and killed approximately 5,000 people.
- 1899 – American temperance crusader Carrie Nation entered a saloon in Kiowa, Kansas, and proceeded to destroy all the alcoholic beverages with rocks.
- 1948 – Rather than sign the Ninth-of-May Constitution making his nation a Communist state, Edvard Beneš (pictured) chose to resign as President of Czechoslovakia.
- 2006 – Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, the leader of Al-Qaeda in Iraq, was killed when the United States Air Force bombed his safehouse near Baqubah.
- 1783 – Iceland's Laki craters began an eight-month eruption, triggering major famine and massive fluorine poisoning.
- 1856 – Descendants of Tahitians and the HMS Bounty mutineers settled on Norfolk Island, an abandoned British penal colony.
- 1929 – Margaret Bondfield (pictured) became the first female member of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom when she was named Minister of Labour by Ramsay MacDonald.
- 1953 – Two tornadoes caused by the same storm system killed more than 200 people in Flint, Michigan, and Worcester, Massachusetts, cities more than 650 miles (1,050 km) apart.
- 2008 – A Japanese man drove a truck into a crowd of pedestrians in the Akihabara district of Tokyo, then proceeded to stab at least 12 people before being apprehended.
- 411 BC – Wealthy Athenians overthrew the democratic government of ancient Athens and replaced it with a short-lived oligarchy known as "The Four Hundred".
- 1856 – Mormon pioneers began leaving Iowa City, Iowa, and headed west for Salt Lake City, Utah, carrying all their possessions in two-wheeled handcarts.
- 1946 – After King Ananda Mahidol was fatally shot, Bhumibol Adulyadej (pictured), the world's longest-reigning current monarch, ascended to the throne of Thailand.
- 1973 – Secretariat won the Belmont Stakes by 31 lengths and in world record time over 1½ miles, achieving the first American Triple Crown victory in a quarter of a century.
- 1838 – More than 25 Australian Aborigines were massacred near Inverell, New South Wales.
- 1871 – Nine days after Korean shore batteries attacked two American warships, an American punitive expedition landed and captured several forts on Ganghwa Island.
- 1918 – First World War: Italian torpedo boats sank the Austro-Hungarian dreadnought SMS Szent István (pictured) off the Dalmatian coast.
- 1925 – The United Church of Canada, the country's largest Protestant church, held its inaugural service in Toronto's Mutual Street Arena.
- 1991 – Eleven-year-old Jaycee Lee Dugard was kidnapped in South Lake Tahoe, California; she remained a captive until 2009.
- 2016 – American singer and songwriter Christina Grimmie was shot and killed after her performance at The Plaza Live in Orlando, Florida.
- 1345 – Inspecting a new prison without being escorted by his bodyguard, Alexios Apokaukos, megas doux of the Byzantine Navy, was lynched by the prisoners.
- 1847 – Afonso (pictured) died at age two, leaving his father Pedro II, the last emperor of Brazil, without a male heir.
- 1956 – The six-day Gal Oya riots, the first ethnic riots targeting the minority Sri Lankan Tamils in post-independent Sri Lanka, began, eventually resulting in the deaths of at least 150 people and 100 injuries.
- 1963 – The University of Alabama was desegregated as Governor of Alabama George Wallace stepped aside after defiantly blocking the entrance to an auditorium.
- 2012 – Two earthquakes struck northern Afghanistan, triggering a massive landslide that buried a village and killed 75 people.
- 1240 – The Disputation of Paris began in the court of King Louis IX, in which four rabbis defended the Talmud against Nicholas Donin's accusations of blasphemy.
- 1776 – The Fifth Virginia Convention adopted a declaration of rights, a hugely influential document that proclaimed the inherent rights of men.
- 1889 – Runaway passenger carriages collided with a following train near Armagh, present-day Northern Ireland, killing 80 people.
- 1942 – On her thirteenth birthday, Anne Frank (pictured) began keeping her diary during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands.
- 1999 – In the aftermath of the bombing of Yugoslavia and the Kosovo War, the NATO-led Kosovo Force entered Kosovo with a mandate of establishing a secure environment in the territory.
· Edmund Wilson (d. 1972)
- 1525 – Martin Luther married Katharina von Bora, defying the celibacy discipline decreed by the Roman Catholic Church for priests.
- 1886 – King Ludwig II of Bavaria was found dead in Lake Starnberg near Munich under mysterious circumstances.
- 1935 – In one of the biggest upsets in championship boxing, underdog James J. Braddock (pictured) defeated Max Baer to become the heavyweight champion of the world.
- 1966 – The Miranda v. Arizona landmark ruling by the US Supreme Court established the Miranda warning, requiring law enforcement officials to advise a suspect in custody of his rights to remain silent and to obtain an attorney.
- 2007 – Former Iraqi government official Haitham al-Badri orchestrated a second bombing of the al-Askari Mosque, one of the holiest sites in Shia Islam.
- 1645 – English Civil War: In the Battle of Naseby, the main army of King Charles I was defeated by the Parliamentarian New Model Army under Sir Thomas Fairfax and Oliver Cromwell.
- 1800 – War of the Second Coalition: In the Battle of Marengo, Napoleonic forces secured victory over the Habsburgs when defeat had appeared inevitable until the arrival of French troops led by Louis Desaix.
- 1846 – Anglo-American settlers in the Town of Sonoma began a rebellion against Mexico, proclaiming the California Republic and eventually raising a homemade flag with a bear and star.
- 1966 – The Vatican formally abolished its 427-year-old list of prohibited books.
- 1999 – Thabo Mbeki (pictured) took office as the second President of South Africa.
- 763 BC – The Eclipse of Bur-Sagale was observed in Assyria, the earliest solar eclipse mentioned in historical sources that has been successfully identified.
- 1215 – King John of England put his seal to Magna Carta.
- 1815 – The Duchess of Richmond held a ball in Brussels, Belgium, that was described as "the most famous ball in history".
- 1878 – Eadweard Muybridge took a series of photographs to prove that all four feet of a horse leave the ground when it gallops (animation pictured); the study became the basis of motion pictures.
- 1919 – After nearly 16 hours, the Vickers Vimy flown by John Alcock and Arthur Whitten Brown crash-landed in County Galway, Ireland, to complete the first non-stop transatlantic flight.
- 1407 – During the Ming–Hồ War, the Chinese Ming armies captured Hồ Quý Ly and his sons, thus ending the Vietnamese Hồ dynasty.
- 1795 – French Revolutionary Wars: Off the coast of Brittany, a British Royal Navy battle squadron commanded by William Cornwallis fended off a numerically superior French Navy fleet.
- 1883 – More than 180 out of 1,100 children died in the Victoria Hall stampede in Sunderland, England, when they stampeded down the stairs to collect gifts from the entertainers after the end of a variety show.
- 1963 – Aboard Vostok 6, Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova (pictured) became the first woman in space.
- 2010 – Bhutan became the first country to institute a total ban on tobacco.
Enoch Powell (b. 1912) ·
- 1631 – Mumtaz Mahal, wife of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, died in childbirth; Jahan spent the next seventeen years constructing her mausoleum, the Taj Mahal (pictured).
- 1843 – New Zealand Wars: An armed posse of Europeans set out from Nelson to arrest Ngāti Toa chief Te Rauparaha and clashed with Māori, resulting in 26 deaths.
- 1922 – Portuguese naval aviators Gago Coutinho and Sacadura Cabral completed the first aerial crossing of the South Atlantic.
- 1940 – Second World War: Britain's worst maritime disaster occurred when at least 3,000 people were killed as a result of the troopship RMS Lancastria's sinking by the Luftwaffe near Saint-Nazaire, France.
- 1991 – The Parliament of South Africa repealed the Population Registration Act, which required that each inhabitant of South Africa be classified and registered by race as part of the system of apartheid.
- 860 – A fleet of about 200 Rus' vessels sailed into the Bosporus and started pillaging the suburbs of Constantinople.
- 1815 – War of the Seventh Coalition: Napoleon Bonaparte fought and lost his final battle, the Battle of Waterloo (pictured) in present-day Belgium.
- 1953 – A Douglas C-124 Globemaster II aircraft crashed just after takeoff from Tachikawa, Japan, killing all 129 people on board.
- 1983 – Iranian teenager Mona Mahmudnizhad and nine other women were hanged because of their membership in the Bahá'í Faith.
- 2009 – NASA launched the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, its first mission to the moon in over ten years.
- 1816 – The Hudson's Bay Company and the North West Company, rival fur-trading companies, engaged in a violent confrontation in present-day Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
- 1850 – Louise of the Netherlands (pictured) married Crown Prince Karl of Sweden-Norway.
- 1939 – Former American baseball player Lou Gehrig was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, now commonly known in the United States as "Lou Gehrig's Disease".
- 2006 – The ceremonial "first stone" of the Svalbard Global Seed Vault, a facility established to preserve a wide variety of plant seeds from locations worldwide in an underground cavern in Spitsbergen, Norway, was laid.
June 20: June solstice (22:34 UTC, 2016); Midsummer festivities (Northern Hemisphere); Winter solstice festivals (Southern Hemisphere); Day of the Holy Spirit (Eastern Christianity, 2016); World Refugee Day; International Surfing Day; Flag Day in Argentina
- 1756 – A garrison of the British army in India was imprisoned in the Black Hole of Calcutta in conditions so cramped that at least 43 died.
- 1837 – Victoria (pictured) succeeded to the British throne, starting a reign that lasted for more than 63 years.
- 1900 – Boxer Rebellion: The Imperial Chinese Army began a 55-day siege of the Legation Quarter in Beijing.
- 2009 – During the Iranian election protests, the death of Neda Agha-Soltan was captured on video and widely distributed on the Internet, making it "probably the most widely witnessed death in human history".
- 1529 – War of the League of Cognac: The French army under Francis de Bourbon was destroyed in Lombardy, present-day Italy, by the Spanish army.
- 1734 – A black slave known as Marie-Joseph Angélique, having been convicted of setting the fire that destroyed much of Montreal, was tortured and then hanged in New France.
- 1848 – In the Wallachian Revolution, Ion Heliade Rădulescu and Christian Tell proclaimed a new republican government.
- 1919 – During the Winnipeg general strike in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, members of the Royal Northwest Mounted Police charged into the crowd of strikers on horseback, beating them with clubs and firing weapons.
- 1963 – Italian cardinal Giovanni Battista Montini was elected as Pope Paul VI.
- 2004 – SpaceShipOne (pictured) completed the first privately funded human spaceflight.
- 1633 – Galileo Galilei was forced to recant his heliocentric view of the Solar System by the Roman Inquisition, after which, as legend has it, he muttered under his breath, "And yet it moves."
- 1807 – The British warship HMS Leopard pursued and attacked the American frigate USS Chesapeake in the belief that the latter had deserters from the Royal Navy.
- 1978 – Working at the US Naval Observatory, American astronomer James W. Christy discovered Charon, then considered the sole moon of Pluto.
- 1986 – Argentine footballer Diego Maradona (pictured) scored both the "Hand of God goal" and the "Goal of the Century" against England during the quarter-final match of the FIFA World Cup in Mexico City.
- 1780 – American Revolutionary War: The Continental Army victory in the Battle of Springfield effectively put an end to British ambitions in New Jersey.
- 1894 – Led by French historian Pierre de Coubertin, an international congress at the Sorbonne in Paris founded the International Olympic Committee to reinstate the ancient Olympic Games.
- 1946 – Canada's largest onshore earthquake, measuring 7.3 Mw, struck Vancouver Island.
- 1956 – Gamal Abdel Nasser (pictured) became President of Egypt, a post he held until his death in 1970.
- 1991 – The first installment of the Sonic the Hedgehog video game series was first released, transforming Sega into a leading game company.
- 1374 – An outbreak of dancing mania, wherein crowds of people danced themselves to exhaustion, took place in Aachen (present-day Germany), before spreading to other cities and countries.
- 1571 – Spanish conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi established a council to govern the city of Manila (Manila Cathedral pictured), now the capital of the Philippines.
- 1812 – Napoleonic Wars: The French Grande Armée under Napoleon crossed the Neman River, marking the start of their invasion of Russia.
- 1937 – The United States' first two "fast battleships", the North Carolina class, were ordered from the New York and Philadelphia Naval Shipyards.
- 1982 – British Airways Flight 9 flew into a cloud of volcanic ash thrown up by the eruption of Indonesia's Mount Galunggung, resulting in the failure of all four of its engines.
Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui (b. 1694) ·
- 1658 – Anglo-Spanish War: English colonial forces repelled a Spanish attack in the largest battle ever fought on Jamaica.
- 1910 – The United States Congress passed the Mann Act, which prohibited interstate transport of females for "immoral purposes".
- 1940 – Second World War: The evacuation of nearly 200,000 Allied soldiers (pictured) from French ports was completed.
- 1967 – More than 400 million people viewed Our World, the first live, international satellite television production.
- 2006 – Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit was kidnapped in a cross-border raid from the Gaza Strip on the crossing Kerem Shalom, and was held hostage by Hamas until 2011.
- 363 – Roman emperor Julian was killed during the retreat from his campaign against the Sassanid Empire.
- 1243 – Mongol invasions of Anatolia: Mongols achieved a decisive victory over the Seljuq Turks, leading to the decline and disintegration of the Seljuk state.
- 1906 – The 1906 French Grand Prix, the first Grand Prix motor racing competition, was held outside Le Mans.
- 2006 – Mari Alkatiri (pictured), the first Prime Minister of East Timor, resigned after weeks of political unrest.
- 1571 – Elizabeth I of England issued a royal charter establishing Jesus College, the first Protestant college at the University of Oxford.
- 1743 – War of the Austrian Succession: In the last time that a British monarch personally led his troops into battle, George II and his forces defeated the French in Dettingen, Bavaria.
- 1927 – Prime Minister of Japan Tanaka Giichi (pictured) led a conference to discuss Japan's plans for China, out of which came the Tanaka Memorial, a strategic document detailing these plans (now believed to be a forgery).
- 1986 – In Nicaragua v. United States, the International Court of Justice ruled that the United States had violated international law by supporting the Contras in their rebellion against the Nicaraguan government.
- 2008 – President of Zimbabwe Robert Mugabe was overwhelmingly re-elected after his opponent Morgan Tsvangirai withdrew a week earlier, citing violence against his party's supporters.
- 1776 – American Revolutionary War: South Carolina militia repelled a British attack on Charleston.
- 1846 – Belgian clarinetist Adolphe Sax received a patent for the saxophone (pictured).
- 1914 – Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, were assassinated by Yugoslav nationalist Gavrilo Princip during a motorcade in Sarajevo, sparking the outbreak of World War I.
- 1956 – Workers demanding better conditions held massive protests in Poznań, Poland, but were violently repressed by the following day by 400 tanks and 10,000 soldiers of the Polish People's Army and the Internal Security Corps.
- 1659 – Russo-Polish War: The hetman of Ukraine Ivan Vyhovsky and his allies defeated the armies of Russian Tsardom led by Aleksey Trubetskoy at the Battle of Konotop in the present-day Sumy Oblast of Ukraine.
- 1864 – Canada's worst railway accident took place when a passenger train fell through an open swing bridge into the Richelieu River near present-day Mont-Saint-Hilaire, Quebec.
- 1974 – Isabel Perón (pictured) was sworn in as the first female President of Argentina, replacing her ill husband Juan Perón, who died two days later.
- 2006 – The US Supreme Court delivered its decision in Hamdan v. Rumsfeld, ruling that military commissions set up by the Bush administration to try detainees at Guantanamo Bay violated both US and international law.
- 1559 – During a jousting match, Gabriel Montgomery of the Garde Écossaise mortally wounded King Henry II of France (pictured), piercing him in the eye with his lance.
- 1860 – Seven months after the publication of Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species, several prominent British scientists and philosophers participated in an evolution debate at the Oxford University Museum in Oxford, England.
- 1908 – A massive explosion occurred near the Podkamennaya Tunguska River in what is now Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, knocking over 80 million trees over 2,150 square kilometres (830 sq mi).
- 1966 – The National Organization for Women, one of the United States' leading feminist organizations, was founded in Washington, D.C.
- 2009 – Schoolgirl Bahia Bakari was the sole survivor when Yemenia Flight 626 crashed into the Indian Ocean killing 152 people.
Nancy Mitford (d. 1973) ·