Jump to navigation Jump to search
|<<||Selected anniversaries for June||>>|
|An archive of historical anniversaries that appeared on the Main Page|
2021 day arrangement
- 1676 – Scanian War: The Swedish warship Kronan, one of the largest ships in the world at the time, sank at the Battle of Öland with the loss of around 800 men.
- 1813 – War of 1812: Mortally wounded, U.S. Navy captain James Lawrence ordered his crew "Don't give up the ship!" as USS Chesapeake was captured by HMS Shannon off the coast of Boston.
- 1831 – British explorer James Clark Ross (pictured) led the first expedition to reach the north magnetic pole.
- 1974 – In an informal article in a medical journal, Henry Heimlich introduced the concept of abdominal thrusts, commonly known as the Heimlich maneuver, to treat choking victims.
- 2001 – A Hamas-affiliated Islamist terrorist blew himself up outside a nightclub in Tel Aviv, Israel, killing 21 people, most of whom were teenage girls.
- 1793 – French Revolution: A popular insurrection ended with Parisian sans-culottes led by François Hanriot arresting 22 members of the dominant Girondist faction in the National Convention.
- 1886 – Grover Cleveland married Frances Folsom, becoming the only U.S. president to wed in the White House.
- 1924 – The Indian Citizenship Act was signed into law, granting citizenship to all Native Americans born within the territorial limits of the United States.
- 1953 – Queen Elizabeth II (pictured) was crowned at Westminster Abbey in London.
- 1983 – After an emergency landing due to an in-flight fire, 23 passengers aboard Air Canada Flight 797 were killed when a flashover occurred as the plane's doors opened.
- 1844 – The last known pair of great auks, the only modern species in the genus Pinguinus of flightless birds, were killed on Eldey, Iceland.
- 1921 – At his trial for the assassination of Talat Pasha, viewed as the main orchestrator of the Armenian genocide, Soghomon Tehlirian was acquitted after arguing: "I have killed a man, but I am not a murderer."
- 1937 – A few months after abdicating the British throne, Edward, Duke of Windsor, married American socialite Wallis Simpson (pictured) in a private ceremony in France.
- 1979 – Having invaded Uganda and deposed President Idi Amin, Tanzanian forces secured Uganda's western border, ending a seven-month war.
- 1792 – Captain George Vancouver of the Royal Navy claimed the land around Puget Sound in the Pacific Northwest for Great Britain.
- 1913 – Emily Davison (pictured), an activist for women's suffrage in the United Kingdom, was fatally injured after being trampled by King George V's horse at the Epsom Derby.
- 1961 – U.S. president John F. Kennedy and Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev held an unsuccessful summit in Vienna to discuss issues in the countries' relationship during the Cold War.
- 1998 – Terry Nichols was sentenced to life in prison for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing.
- 1257 – Bolesław V, High Duke of Poland, granted city rights to Kraków modelled on the Magdeburg town charter.
- 1832 – The June Rebellion (depicted), an anti-monarchist uprising, broke out in Paris.
- 1941 – Second Sino-Japanese War: About 4,000 people died of asphyxiation in Chongqing when the tunnel in which they were hiding became blocked during a raid in the five-year bombing campaign.
- 1981 – The first clinical cases of AIDS were published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
- 1674 – Shivaji, who led a resistance to free the Maratha from the Bijapur Sultanate and the Mughal Empire, was crowned the first chhatrapati of the Maratha Empire.
- 1892 – The Chicago "L" (train pictured), the third-busiest rapid transit system in the United States, began operation.
- 1912 – The largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century began, forming the volcano Novarupta in the Alaska Peninsula.
- 1971 – Vietnam War: Australian forces attacked a heavily fortified North Vietnamese base camp at the Battle of Long Khánh.
- 1985 – The remains of Josef Mengele, a Nazi physician notorious for performing human experiments on Auschwitz inmates, were exhumed in Embu das Artes, Brazil.
- 421 – Roman emperor Theodosius II married Aelia Eudocia (depicted), who later helped to protect Greek pagans and Jews from persecution.
- 1628 – The Petition of Right, a major English constitutional document that set out specific liberties of individuals, received royal assent from King Charles I.
- 1965 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Griswold v. Connecticut that a Connecticut law prohibiting the use of contraceptives violated the "right to marital privacy".
- 1975 – The inaugural edition of the Cricket World Cup, the premier international championship of men's One Day International cricket, began in England.
- 1981 – The Israeli Air Force attacked and disabled the Osirak nuclear reactor under the assumption that it was about to start producing plutonium to further an Iraqi nuclear-weapons program.
- 218 – Led by the inexperienced Gannys, Elagabalus's legions defeated the forces of Roman emperor Macrinus at the Battle of Antioch.
- 1783 – Laki, a volcanic fissure in Iceland, began an eight-month eruption, triggering a major famine and causing massive fluoride poisoning.
- 1941 – World War II: The Allies commenced the Syria–Lebanon campaign against Vichy French possessions in the Levant.
- 1953 – An F5 tornado struck Flint and Beecher, Michigan, causing 116 fatalities, 844 injuries and $19 million in damage during a larger tornado outbreak sequence.
- 2008 – A Japanese man drove a truck into a crowd of pedestrians in Akihabara, Tokyo, and proceeded to stab at least 12 people before being apprehended (police activity pictured).
- 747 – Abu Muslim initiated an open revolt against Umayyad rule, which was carried out under the sign of the Black Standard.
- 1772 – In an act of defiance against the Navigation Acts, American colonists led by Abraham Whipple attacked and burned the British schooner Gaspee (depicted).
- 1815 – The Congress of Vienna ended, redrawing the political map of Europe after the defeat of Napoleon.
- 1944 – World War II: In reprisal for successful French Resistance attacks, the SS and SD hanged 99 men in the town of Tulle.
- 1999 – The Kumanovo Agreement was signed, bringing an end to the Kosovo War the next day.
- 1329 – Byzantine–Ottoman wars: The heavily armed Byzantine army was defeated by Ottoman forces at the Battle of Pelekanon.
- 1786 – Ten days after being formed by an earthquake, a landslide dam on the Dadu River in China was destroyed by an aftershock, causing a flood that killed an estimated 100,000 people.
- 1838 – At least 28 unarmed Indigenous Australians were massacred at Myall Creek, New South Wales.
- 1916 – Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca (pictured), orchestrated a revolt against the Ottoman Empire with the aim of creating a single unified and independent Arab state.
- 1991 – Eleven-year-old Jaycee Dugard was kidnapped in South Lake Tahoe, California; she remained a captive until 2009.
- 806 – Arab–Byzantine wars: The Abbasid army departed Raqqa in northern Syria to begin an invasion of Byzantine-controlled Asia Minor.
- 1776 – The Second Continental Congress established the Committee of Five to draft a declaration of independence for the Thirteen Colonies.
- 1917 – Alexander (pictured) was crowned King of Greece, succeeding his father Constantine I, who had abdicated.
- 1955 – The deadliest accident in motorsport history occurred when two cars collided during a running of the 24 Hours of Le Mans, causing 84 deaths.
- 2012 – Two earthquakes struck northern Afghanistan, triggering a massive landslide that buried a village and killed 75 people.
- 1240 – The Disputation of Paris, in which four rabbis defended the Talmud against Nicholas Donin's accusations of blasphemy, began in the court of King Louis IX.
- 1775 – Thomas Gage, the governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, offered a general pardon to colonists who remained loyal to Britain.
- 1914 – As part of the Ottoman Empire's policies of ethnic cleansing, Turkish irregulars (examples pictured) began a six-day massacre of the predominantly Greek town of Phocaea.
- 1963 – African-American civil-rights activist Medgar Evers was murdered by Ku Klux Klan member Byron De La Beckwith.
- 313 – The Edict of Milan, an agreement between Constantine the Great and Licinius to treat Christians benevolently within the Roman Empire, was posted in Nicomedia.
- 1514 – Henry Grace à Dieu (depicted), the largest warship in the world at the time, was launched from Woolwich Dockyard, England.
- 1971 – The New York Times published the first excerpts from the Pentagon Papers, a 7,000-page classified Department of Defense history of the United States' political and military involvement in the Vietnam War.
- 1981 – English teenager Marcus Sarjeant fired six blanks at Queen Elizabeth II as she rode down The Mall to the Trooping the Colour ceremony.
- 1381 – During the Peasants' Revolt in England, rebels stormed the Tower of London, killing the Lord Chancellor and the Lord High Treasurer.
- 1846 – Settlers in Sonoma began a rebellion against Mexico, proclaiming the California Republic and eventually raising a homemade flag with a bear and star (pictured).
- 1940 – Second World War: Four days after the French government fled Paris, German forces occupied the French capital, a major accomplishment in the Fall Rot operation.
- 1971 – Emerson, Lake & Palmer released the progressive rock album Tarkus.
- 2014 – War in Donbas: An Ilyushin Il-76 transport aircraft of the Ukrainian Air Force was shot down by forces of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People's Republic, killing all 49 people on board.
- 1859 – The shooting of a pig in the San Juan Islands led to the so-called Pig War over the border between the United States and British North America.
- 1896 – A 7.2 Ms earthquake and a subsequent tsunami struck Japan, destroying about 9,000 homes and causing at least 22,000 deaths.
- 1944 – In the Saskatchewan general election, the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation led by Tommy Douglas won enough seats in the Legislative Assembly to form the first socialist government in North America.
- 1991 – The eruption of Mount Pinatubo (pictured) in the Philippines deposited large amounts of particulate matter into the atmosphere, enough to lower global temperatures by about 0.5 °C (0.9 °F).
- 2001 – Leaders of China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan formed the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation.
- 1407 – Ming Chinese forces captured Hồ Quý Ly and his sons, conquering Đại Việt and ending the Vietnamese Hồ dynasty.
- 1883 – In the Victoria Hall disaster, 183 children were crushed to death when they ran down the stairs to collect gifts after a variety show in Sunderland, England.
- 1911 – The technology company IBM was founded as the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company in Endicott, New York.
- 1961 – Pioneering Russian ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev (pictured) defected from the Soviet Union at Paris–Le Bourget Airport with the help of French police and a Parisian socialite friend.
- 2013 – A cloudburst caused severe flooding in the northern Indian state of Uttarakhand, continuing for several days and resulting in over 5,700 deaths.
- 1397 – The kingdoms of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway formed the Kalmar Union, a personal union under Eric of Pomerania.
- 1843 – New Zealand Wars: British settlers clashed with Māori over a land dispute in the Wairau Valley, resulting in 26 deaths.
- 1900 – Boxer Rebellion: Allied naval forces captured the Taku Forts (depicted) from Qing China after a brief but bloody battle.
- 1963 – Riots broke out in Saigon one day after the signing of the Joint Communiqué to resolve the Buddhist crisis in South Vietnam.
- 2017 – Four wildfires erupted across central Portugal, eventually killing at least 66 people.
- 618 – Sui–Tang transition: Chinese governor Li Yuan declared himself emperor, establishing the Tang dynasty, which would last for three centuries.
- 1858 – Charles Darwin received a manuscript by fellow naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace on natural selection, which encouraged him to publish his own theory of evolution.
- 1954 – Carlos Castillo Armas led a CIA-sponsored invasion force across the Guatemalan border, beginning the 1954 Guatemalan coup d'état.
- 1967 – American musician Jimi Hendrix burned his guitar on stage at the end of a performance at the Monterey Pop Festival in California.
- 1981 – The Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk (pictured), the first operational aircraft to be designed around stealth technology, made its maiden flight.
- 1800 – War of the Second Coalition: General Jean Victor Marie Moreau led French forces to victory at the Battle of Höchstädt, opening the Danube passageway to Vienna.
- 1846 – The first officially recorded baseball game in U.S. history using modern rules was played in Hoboken, New Jersey, with the "New York Nine" defeating the New York Knickerbockers 23–1.
- 1921 – A group of Black and Tans burned down the village of Knockcroghery, Ireland, as an act of vengeance for the killing of a British general two days earlier.
- 1965 – Nguyễn Cao Kỳ (pictured), the head of the South Vietnam Air Force, was appointed prime minister at the head of a military regime, ending two years of short-lived military juntas.
- 2006 – The ceremonial "first stone" of the Svalbard Global Seed Vault, a facility established to preserve a wide variety of plant seeds from locations worldwide in an underground cavern in Spitsbergen, Norway, was laid.
- 451 – With the help of Roman foederati, Flavius Aetius defeated Attila at the Battle of the Catalaunian Plains, halting the invasion of Gaul by the Huns and their allies.
- 1789 – French Revolution: Members of the Third Estate took the Tennis Court Oath (depicted), pledging not to separate until a new French constitution was created.
- 1921 – Workers at the Buckingham and Carnatic Mills in Madras, India, began a four-month strike.
- 1943 – The Royal Air Force launched Operation Bellicose, the first shuttle-bombing raid of the Second World War.
- 1975 – Steven Spielberg's film Jaws was released, which became the prototypical summer blockbuster and established the modern Hollywood business model.
- 1734 – Marie-Joseph Angélique, a black slave, was tortured and hanged after having been convicted of starting a fire that burned much of Old Montreal.
- 1864 – New Zealand Wars: A British victory against the Māori King Movement brought the Tauranga campaign to an end.
- 1919 – During a general strike (newsreel featured) in Winnipeg, Canada, members of the Royal North-West Mounted Police attacked a crowd of strikers, armed with clubs and revolvers.
- 1940 – World War II: The main offensive of the unsuccessful Italian invasion of France began.
- 2000 – President Bill Clinton awarded the Medal of Honor to 22 Asian Americans, mostly from the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, for actions during World War II.
- 813 – Byzantine–Bulgarian wars: Outnumbered Bulgarian forces defeated the Byzantine army at the Battle of Versinikia.
- 1813 – War of 1812: After learning of a forthcoming American attack, Laura Secord walked 20 mi (32 km) from Queenston, Upper Canada, to warn British lieutenant James FitzGibbon (depicted).
- 1948 – More than 800 West Indian immigrants disembarked from the British troopship HMT Empire Windrush at Tilbury, England, becoming known as the "Windrush generation".
- 1986 – Argentine footballer Diego Maradona scored both the "hand of God" goal and the "Goal of the Century" against England during a quarter-final match of the FIFA World Cup.
- 2009 – Two Metro trains collided in Washington, D.C., killing nine people and injuring eighty others.
- 1780 – American Revolutionary War: The Continental Army defeated British and Hessian troops at the Battle of Springfield, effectively ending British ambitions in New Jersey.
- 1887 – The Parliament of Canada passed the Rocky Mountains Park Act, creating Banff National Park (pictured) in Alberta as the country's first national park.
- 1956 – In a nationwide referendum, Gamal Abdel Nasser was elected President of Egypt, a post he held until his death in 1970.
- 1972 – President Richard Nixon signed Title IX into law as part of the Education Amendments, prohibiting gender discrimination in any educational program receiving U.S. federal funds.
- 2014 – Under the terms of UN Security Council Resolution 2118, the last of Syria's declared chemical weapons were shipped out for destruction.
- 474 – Western Roman emperor Glycerius, who was not recognized by his Eastern counterpart Leo I, was forced to abdicate.
- 1314 – In the decisive battle of the First War of Scottish Independence, Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce defeated English troops under Edward II near Bannockburn, Scotland.
- 1717 – The first Grand Lodge of Freemasonry, the Premier Grand Lodge of England, was founded in London.
- 1940 – Second World War: The British Army carried out Operation Collar, its first commando raid into German-occupied France.
- 2010 – Julia Gillard (pictured) was sworn in as the first female prime minister of Australia after incumbent Kevin Rudd declined to contest a leadership spill in the Labor Party.
- 1658 – Anglo-Spanish War: The largest battle ever fought on Jamaica, the three-day Battle of Rio Nuevo, began.
- 1910 – The United States Congress passed the Mann Act, which prohibited the interstate transport of females for "immoral purposes".
- 1940 – Second World War: Operation Aerial, an evacuation of nearly 200,000 Allied soldiers (pictured) from French ports, was completed.
- 1960 – Two cryptographers working for the U.S. National Security Agency left on vacation to Mexico, and proceeded to defect to the Soviet Union.
- 2006 – Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit was captured in a cross-border raid near the Kerem Shalom crossing with the Gaza Strip, and held hostage by Hamas until 2011.
- 1740 – War of Jenkins' Ear: Spanish troops stormed the British-held strategically crucial position of Fort Mose in Spanish Florida.
- 1886 – French chemist Henri Moissan (pictured) successfully isolated elemental fluorine, for which he later won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
- 1907 – Organized by Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin, among others, Bolshevik revolutionaries robbed a bank stagecoach in Tiflis, present-day Georgia.
- 1945 – At a conference in San Francisco, delegates from 50 nations signed a charter establishing the United Nations.
- 2003 – The U.S. Supreme Court struck down sodomy laws in the country in the landmark decision Lawrence v. Texas.
- 1743 – War of the Austrian Succession: In the last time that a British monarch led troops in battle, Allied forces commanded by George II (depicted) defeated the French army at Dettingen, Bavaria.
- 1864 – American Civil War: General Sherman's frontal assault against the Confederate Army of Tennessee failed, but did not stop the Union Army from advancing on Atlanta.
- 1905 – First Russian Revolution: The crew of the Russian battleship Potemkin began a mutiny against their officers.
- 1976 – The first identifiable case of Ebola occurred in Sudan.
- 2015 – Ignition of corn starch caused a dust fire at a water park in New Taipei City, Taiwan, killing 12 people and injuring more than 400 others.
- 1846 – Belgian musician Adolphe Sax patented his design of the saxophone (example pictured).
- 1895 – The U.S. Court of Private Land Claims ruled that James Reavis's claim to 18,600 sq mi (48,000 km2) of land in present-day Arizona and New Mexico was "wholly fictitious and fraudulent".
- 1950 – Korean War: South Korean forces began the Bodo League massacre, summarily executing at least 60,000 suspected North Korean sympathizers.
- 1990 – Paperback Software, a company founded by Adam Osborne, was found guilty of copyright infringement for using Lotus 1-2-3's look-and-feel interface in its own spreadsheet program.
- 1149 – Second Crusade: The Zengid army of Nur ad-Din destroyed the forces of Antioch led by Prince Raymond.
- 1776 – The first privateer battle of the American Revolutionary War, the Battle of Turtle Gut Inlet, was fought near Cape May, New Jersey.
- 1914 – During the second day of anti-Serb riots in Sarajevo (aftermath pictured), numerous buildings owned by ethnic Serbs were vandalized and looted.
- 1950 – The United States defeated England during the FIFA World Cup in one of the greatest upsets in the competition's history.
- 1995 – Atlantis became the first U.S. Space Shuttle to dock with the Russian space station Mir as part of the Shuttle–Mir program.
- 1559 – During a jousting match, King Henry II of France was mortally wounded when fragments of Gabriel Montgomery's lance pierced his eye.
- 1859 – French acrobat Charles Blondin crossed Niagara Gorge, making him one of the world's most famous tightrope walkers.
- 1908 – A massive explosion occurred near the Podkamennaya Tunguska river in Siberia, flattening more than 2,150 square kilometres (830 sq mi) of forest (sample pictured).
- 1960 – The Belgian Congo gained independence from colonial rule, beginning a period of instability that led to the dictatorship of Joseph-Désiré Mobutu in 1965.