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HMS Leopard (right) fires upon the USS Chesapeake
Laura Secord warns James FitzGibbon
in El Salvador
Teachers' Day refimprove
217 BC – Syrian Wars: Forces under of Ptolemy IV Egypt defeated of the Antiochus III the Great Seleucid Empire at the .
Battle of Raphia refimprove
168 BC – Third Macedonian War: Roman forces defeated Macedonian King Perseus at the .
Battle of Pydna more footnotes
1633 – Galileo Galilei was his forced to recant heliocentric view of the Solar System by the Roman Inquisition, after which, as legend has it, he muttered under his breath, " And yet it moves."
1893 – The Royal Navy battleship HMS accidentally collided with and sank the British Camperdown Mediterranean Fleet flagship , taking 358 crew members with her.
HMS Victoria unreferenced section
1937 – became Camille Chautemps Prime Minister of France for the third time, in the second Popular Front ministry.
1944 – World War II: The Soviet Union to expel German forces from the began its operation Belorussian SSR and eastern Poland.
1969 – The surface of the in Cuyahoga River Ohio, U.S., caught on fire, helping to spur the environmental movement.
refimprove section, outdated
1978 – Working at the U.S. Naval Observatory, American astronomer James W. Christy discovered , then considered the sole moon of Charon Pluto.
2009 – Citing declining sales due to the emergence of digital photography, the Eastman Kodak Company announced that it would discontinue sales of the Kodachrome reversal film, concluding its 74-year run as a photography icon.
Paulinus of Nola refimprove section
1593 – Ottoman forces were by the crushingly defeated Habsburgs at Sisak (now in Croatia), triggering the Long War.
1813 – War of 1812: After learning of a forthcoming American attack, Laura Secord (pictured) set out on a 32 km (20 mi) journey from Queenston, Ontario, Upper Canada, on foot to warn Lieutenant James FitzGibbon.
1948 – Over 800 West Indian immigrants disembarked the British troopship at HMT Empire Windrush Tilbury, England, becoming known as the "Windrush generation".
1986 – Argentine footballer Diego Maradona scored both the "Hand of God goal" and the "Goal of the Century" against England during of the the quarter-final match FIFA World Cup.
2002 – An earthquake measuring 6.5 M w a region of northwestern Iran, killing at least 261 people and injuring 1,300 others, and eventually causing widespread public anger due to the slow official response. struck Born/died this day: (b. 916) Sayf al-Dawla · (d. 1874) Howard Staunton · (b. 1876) Pascual Díaz y Barreto · (b. 1949) Elizabeth Warren · (d. 1957) Lola Baldwin · (d. 1993) Pat Nixon
King George V and Queen Mary
(b. 1427) Lucrezia Tornabuoni · (d. 1714) Matthew Henry · (d. 1969)